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Tuttle 



Concise 

Chinese 

Dictionary 





Chinese-English 

English-Chinese 




Contains 25,000 words and expressions 
including current slang and idioms 

Designed specifically for foreigners 
studying Chinese and living in China 

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TUTTLE 



LI Dong 




Tiittle 

Concise 

Chinese 

Dictionary 

Chinese-English 

English-Chinese 

LI Dong 



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Contents 



Introducing Chinese 

1 Pronunciation iv 

2 Writing Chinese: S.'r Hanzi viii 

3 Vocabulary: Word-formation xi 

4 Grammar xii 

List 1 : Meaningful Character Components 
List 2: Measure Words xvii 

Using the Dictionary 

List of Radicals xxiv 
Radical Index xxv 
Stroke Index xliii 

Chinese-English Dictionary 



English-Chinese Dictionary 



Introducing Chinese 

1 PRONUNCIATION 
1.1 Vowels 

SINGLE VOWELS 

There are seven basic single vowels: 
a similar to a in ah 
e similar to a in ago 

e similar to e in ebb (this sound never occurs alone and is transcribed 
as e, as in ei, ie, ue) 

i similar to ee in cheese (spelled y when not preceded by a con- 
sonant) 

o similar to oe in toe 

u similar to oo in boot (spelled w when not preceded by a consonant) 
u similar to German ii in tiber or French u in tu\ or you can also get 
ti by saying i and rounding your lips at the same time (spelled u 
after j, q, x; spelled yu when not preceded by a consonant) 

VOWEL COMBINATIONS 

These single vowels combine with each other or with the consonants 
of n or ng to form what are technically known as diphthongs. These 
combinations are pronounced as a single sound, with a little more 
emphasis on the first part of the sound. 

You can learn these combinations in four groups: 

Group 1 : diphthongs starting with a /e/e 

ai similar to y in my 

ao similar to ow in how 

an 

ang 

en 



Introducing Chinese v 



eng 

ei similar to ay in may 

Group 2: diphthongs starting with i 

ia 

ie similar to ye in yes 

iao 

iou similar to you (spelled iu when preceded by a consonant) 

ian 

ien similar to in (spelled in when preceded by a consonant) 

ieng similar to En in English (spelled ing when preceded by a 

consonant) 

iang similar to young 

iong 

Group 3: diphthongs starting with u/o 

ua 

uo 

uai similar to why in British English 

uei similar to way (spelled ui when preceded by a consonant) 

uan 

uen (spelled un when preceded by a consonant) 

ueng 

uang 

ong 

Group 4: diphthongs starting with u 

iie used only after j , q, x; spelled ue 

uen used only after j , q, x; spelled un 

iian used only after j , q, x; spelled uan 

1.2 Consonants 

Consonants may be grouped in the following ways. 



vi Introducing Chinese 



Group 1: These consonants are almost the same in Chinese and 
English. 

Chinese English 

m m 

n n 

f / 

1 / 

s s 

r r 

b pronounced as hard p (as in speak ) 

p p (as in peak ) 

g pronounced as hard k (as in ski) 

k k (asm key) 

d pronounced as hard t (as in star) 

t t (as in tar) 

Group 2: Some modification is needed to get these Chinese sounds 
from English. 

Chinese English 

j as j in jeep (but unvoiced, not round-lipped) 

q as ch in cheese (but not round-lipped) 

x as sh in sheep (but not round-lipped) 

c as ts as in cats (make it long) 

z as ds as in beds (but unvoiced, and make it long) 

Group 3: No English counterparts 

Chinese zh, ch, and sh have no English counterparts. You can learn to 
say zh, ch and sh starting from z, c and s. For example, say s (which 
is almost the same as the English s in sesame) and then roll up your 
tongue to touch the roof of your mouth. You get sh. 



TONES 

Chinese is a tonal language, i.e. a sound pronounced in different 
tones is understood as different words. So the tone is an indispensable 
component of the pronunciation of a word. 



Introducing Chinese vii 



1.3 Basic tones 

There are four basic tones. The following five-level pitch graph 
shows the values of the four tones: 



Pitch Levels 
high — 



First Tone 



%r 



rr» a 



mid 



low 



Secoi" 

Third 






'one 






• The First Tone is a high, level tone and is represented as , e.g. M 
ma (meaning mother , mom). 

• The Second Tone is a high, rising tone and is represented by the 
tone mark ', e.g. # ma ( hemp or sesame). 

• The Third Tone is a falling, then rising tone. As you can see from 
the pitch graph it falls from below the middle of the voice range 
to nearly the bottom and then rises to a point near the top. It is 
represented by the tone mark ”, e.g. Sj ma (horse). 

• The Fourth Tone is a falling tone. It falls from high to low and is 
represented by the tone mark ' , e.g. ma (curse). 

In Chinese speech, as in English speech, some sounds are unstressed, 
i.e. pronounced short and soft. They do not have any of the four 
tones. Such sounds are said to have Neutral Tone. Sounds with the 
neutral tone are not marked. For example in '&'<§_ baba (daddy) the 
first syllable is pronounced in the fourth tone and the second syllable 
in the neutral tone, i.e. unstressed. 



TONE CHANGES 

Tones may undergo changes in actual speech (“tone sandhi”). The 



viii Introducing Chinese 



third tone, when followed by a first, second, fourth or neutral tone 
sound, loses its final rise and stops at the low pitch. Followed by an- 
other third tone sound, it becomes the second tone. This is a general 
rule and the notation of third tone sounds remains unchanged. 

For example, in 0fl 'J, suoyi ( therefore , so), notation remains the third 
tone for both syllables, but the word is actually pronounced like 

suoyi. 

Two important words T- bu (no) and — yl (one) also undergo tone 
changes. You will find the details of their tone changes under these 
entries. 

1.4 Syllables: distinct units 

Normally a consonant and a vowel, said in a particular tone, merge to 
form a syllable in Chinese. Every syllable is a distinct unit in speech. 
Learners should say each syllable clearly and give full value to most 
syllables in speech. The general impression of Chinese speech, 
described in musical terms, is staccato rather than legato (which 
could be used to describe English). 

1.5 Pinyin: the romanization scheme to show pronunciation 

As Chinese writing normally does not indicate pronunciation, 
a romanization scheme, known as pinyin, is used to represent the 
sounds and tones of Chinese, as in this dictionary. Pinyin is useful for 
learning the phonetics of Mandarin. 

2 WRITING CHINESE: Hanzi 

Chinese is not phonetic like most European languages (in varying 
degrees). Chinese is written in logograms, known as (Hanzi) 
and generally referred to as “Chinese characters”, or “Sinograms.” 



Introducing Chinese ix 



2.1 Chinese characters as syllables 

Each Chinese character is pronounced as a syllable. It is of course 
important to be able to read a character with the correct pronunciation. 

2.2 The composition of Chinese characters: meaningful 
components 

Chinese characters can be analyzed into components. It is ack- 
nowledged that there are three kinds of components. Of the three, 
the most interesting to learners of Chinese is a group of components 
that convey certain meanings. The presence of such a component 
in a character gives you some clue to its meaning of the character. 
Hence, learning the meaning of these component parts will deepen 
your understanding of characters you know, and help you guess the 
meaning of unfamiliar characters. See List 1 on page xv. 

2.3 The writing of Chinese characters 

STROKES 

Each Chinese character is composed of strokes. The table below 
shows the basic strokes. Recognizing the strokes in a character is 
helpful for finding a character or radical in the Stroke Index, List of 
Radicals and Radical Index. Each of the strokes shown in the table is 
counted as one stroke. 



Stroke 


Writing the stroke 


Examples 


Heng 


left to right 


-f 


Shu 


top to bottom 

ii 


-f dt st 



x Introducing Chinese 



Stroke 


Writing the stroke 


Examples 


Pie 


top (right) to bottom (left) 

3 


i ' A i 


Na 


top (left) to bottom (right) 

V 


A. fr. x 


Dian 


top to bottom 




Tf 


Bottom (left) to top (right) 

s 


n tr ib 


Stroke 

with 

hook 


left to right, top to bottom 

| f 




Stroke 

with 

turn(s) 


^1 K3f 




Stroke 
with 
turn(s) 
and hook 


hi 


ib 1 ik 3, 



STROKE ORDER 

For the character to look correct, its strokes should be written in 
the correct order. Knowing the order will also help you remember 
characters. The general rules of stroke order are as shown below. 



Rule 


Example 


Stroke order 


Top before bottom 






Left before right 







Introducing Chinese xi 



Rule 


Example 


Stroke order 


Horizontal before vertical/downward 


ic 




“Enter the room, then close the door” 


EJ 


) n Fi ei 


Vertical stroke before sides/bottom 


'J' 


i '} 'h 



SIMPLIFIED AND TRADITIONAL CHARACTERS 

The Chinese government simplified hundreds of Chinese characters 
in mid-1950 by reducing the numbers of their strokes. Such simplified 
characters are called jiantizi. This dictionary uses jiantizi. 

Traditional versions (also known as complicated characters) are still 
used in Taiwan and Hong Kong, and they are shown after “Trad” 
where applicable, e.g.: 

^ xue Trad 

3 VOCABULARY: Word-formation 

Chinese words are either of one syllable or more than one syllable 
(mostly two syllables). When they are made up of two or more 
syllables, their meanings are usually transparent; that is, the way a 
word is formed tells you a lot about its meaning. Therefore it is very 
helpful to know the meanings of the components in a word and the 
way the word is formed, and it also makes understanding the word 
easier and more interesting. 

There are six basic word-formation methods: 

• Compounding: the components of a word are complementary to 
each other in meaning and are of the same status. For example: 
once again + M repeat -► iM repeat 



xii Introducing Chinese 



• Modification: one component modifies the other. For example: 

outside + : I country £l'[ foreign country 

• Verb+object: the word has a verb-and-object relationship. For ex- 
ample: 

S develop + 'M burning, fever to run a fever 

• Verb+complementation: the word has a verb-and-complement 
relationship, that is, the first component is a verb or an adjective 
and the second one modifies it. For example: 

raise + high raise 

• Suffixation: the word contains a suffix. For example: 

i a book + nominal suffix notebook 

• Idioms: the word is an idiomatic expression. For example: 

at once, immediately 

4 GRAMMAR 

4.1 Main Features of Chinese Grammar 

TOPIC+COMMENT STRUCTURE 

The basic principle in making Chinese sentences is to follow the 
“topic+comment” structure. “Topic” means the subject matter you 
want to talk about, and “comment” is the information you give about 
the subject matter. To make a Chinese sentence, you simply first 
mention the subject matter you want to talk about, and then say what 
you have to say about it. For example, you can say na ben 

shu (that book) first as the “topic” and then add “comment”: 

Na ben shu (that book) + jg WS® hen you yisi (very interesting) 
That book is very interesting. 



Introducing Chinese xiii 



Jjlittf; 1 # Na ben shu (that book) + JglsiT mai wan le (sold out) “► That 
book has been sold. 

Na ben shu (that book) + \ ni you ma (do you have) 

Do you have that book? 

$P2845 Na ben shu (that book) + yuyan hen youmei 

(language is beautiful) -► The language of that book is beautiful. 

ELLIPSIS OF SENTENCE ELEMENTS 

Chinese speakers may leave out words that are supposed to be 
understood, and therefore need not be spoken. Subjects and 
conjunctions are often omitted. For example, you may translate the 
English sentence If you like it, you may buy it, but if you don’t like it, 
you don’t have to, into the Chinese sentence Iff M-fKifL'-M 
Xihuan jiumai, bu xifhuan jiu bie mai. Literally, it means “Like 
it, and buy, don’t like then don’t buy.” Compare the two sentences, 
and you will find that some English words, such as if, you, it, and but 
are not translated. 

WORD classes: flexibility, no inflection 

Chinese words do not have inflections, i.e. they do not change to 
indicate grammatical categories. For example, the verb fk qu (to go) 
is invariably fk qu; there is no past form or any other inflected form 
of this verb. Neither do Chinese words normally have formal markers 
of word class. Consequently it is rather easy for a word to be used in 
more than one word class. This relative flexibility in word classes, 
however, does not mean that Chinese does not have word classes 
(see Section 4.2). 

MEASURE WORDS AND PARTICLES 

Measure words (J!kI liangci) and particles (jjjjiiij zhucf) are two 
word classes found in Chinese but not in English and most other 
languages. 



xiv Introducing Chinese 



Measure words are usually required when a noun is modified by a 
numeral. For example, liang shu is unacceptable; you must use 
the measure word ^ ben between the numeral and the noun: jSj^ 
^5 liang ben shu ( two books). Furthermore, Chinese nouns require 
specific measure words to go with them. For example, the noun ^5 
shu (book) must be used with the measure word 4- ben. See List 2 on 
pages xvii-xix for the common measure words. 

In Chinese grammar, particles are words attached to other words or at 
the end of a sentence to indicate grammatical concepts or to express 
emotions. For example, the particles T lc, £' zhe, jit guo are at- 
tached to verbs to indicate, respectively, whether the actions denoted 
are completed, in progress or past experiences. 

4.2 Word Classes 



Following are brief explanations of the basic terms in Chinese 
grammar used in this dictionary. (A word of warning: it is a rather 
complicated matter to define grammatical terms accurately. Here we 
will be content with some general but useful ideas.) 



ADJECTIVE 

ADVERB 

CONJUNCTION 

IDIOM 

INTERJECTION 
MEASURE WORD 



a describing word, a word that describes people, 
things or actions, typically used before a noun 
a word that modifies a verb, an adjective or 
another adverb 

a word used to link two words, phrases or 
sentences, indicating certain relationships be- 
tween them 

a set phrase, the meaning of which cannot be 
readily derived from its components 
a word that expresses strong emotions 
a word that connects a numeral to a noun. 
Measure words are a special feature of Chinese; 
a list of measure words is given in List 2 



Meaningful Character Components xv 



MODAL VERB 


a word used before a verb to indicate necessity, 
possibility, willingness, etc. 


NOUN 


a naming word, a word that names people, 
animals, plants, things, ideas, etc. 


NUMERAL 


a word that represents a number, typically used 
with a noun 


ONOMATOPOEIA 


a word that imitates the sounds of a thing or an 
action 


PARTICLE 


a word used with another word, phrase, or 
sentence to indicate certain grammatical 
meanings or to express strong emotions 


PREPOSITION 


a word used before a noun or pronoun to 
indicate time, place, direction, manner, reason 
of an action, etc. 


PRONOUN 


a word that is used in the place of a noun, a 
verb, an adjective, etc. 


VERB 


an action word, a word that indicates what 
somebody does or feels 



List 1 

Meaningful Character Components 



l = freezing, ice (e.g. SK bing, 
leng, ft han) 

i , H = word (e.g. ip yu, isj ci) 

= dividing (e.g. fen, -ft ban) 

\ , A = man, person (e.g. ft ta, 
fit xin) 

= knife (e.g. flj li, tplj sheng) 
'Jj = muscle, strength (e.g. H nan, 
ban) 

(on the left) = mound, steps 
(e.g. gt yuan, |Sft fu) 



(on the right) = city, region 
(e.g. n[i bu, you) 

V , /K = water (e.g. M he, hai) 

'i‘ , 'll' = the heart, emotions 
(e.g. ‘If qing, ft pa, gan) 

= roof, house (e.g. ^ jia, S shi) 
ft = roof, hut (e.g. Hi ting, ft dian) 
= door, gate (e.g. |K| wen, |'h] jian) 
= earth (e.g. ® chang, M cheng) 
= woman (e.g. $3 fu, M ma) 



xvi Meaningful Character Components 



i' , f = food (e.g. ® fan, bao) 
= the mouth, speech, eating (e.g. 
fnj wen, Hz, chi) 

= boundary (e.g. H wei, |afl yuan) 

- = child (e.g. 1% hai, 'ft xue) 

= plant, vegetation (e.g. ij£ cao, 
% cai) 

= silk, texture (e.g. !_§. zu, ® zhl) 
)— = walking (e.g. jl dao, jit guo) 
'f = path, walking (e.g. ft xing, ft 
wang) 

r|l = cloth (e.g. ft bu, ft dai) 

= horse (e.g. If qf) 

■f , ft i = the hand, action 
(e.g. ft na, fit ca) 

'>■>, : = fire, heat (e.g. shao, 

re) 

f , rji = spirit (e.g. If shen, ft zu) 
= door, window (e.g. M fang) 

5C = father (e.g. !§; ba) 

= the sun (e.g. Bjf qi'ng, ft nuan) 
= the moon (e.g. yui, BjJ muig) 
;j , i^i = flesh, human organ 
(e.g. St lian, flip jiao) 

H = shell, treasure (e.g. Jr gui) 
ll = toe (e.g. ft bu) 

= tree, timber (e.g. W shu, ft 

ban) 



T. , = jade (e.g. il II, qiu) 

= seeing (e.g. ft shi, ft xian) 

'i = vapor (e.g. f{ qi) 

= vehicle (e.g. fpf bang) 
j = disease, ailment (e.g. jpf bing, 
ft teng) 

i L = standing (e.g. zhan, ft wei) 

'/C = cave, hole 

(e.g. ft kong, 'pi chuang) 

= clothing (e.g. ku, ft wa) 
r i , ' = metal (e.g. IS yin, ® qian) 

{ t = stone, rock (e.g. wan, ® ci) 

= the eye (e.g. 0[t yan, || shui) 

= farm, field (e.g. jie, M II) 

= melon, gourd (e.g. U piao. 

It ban) 

= seedling, crop (e.g. ft zhong, 
ft qiu) 

4 = bird (e.g. X| jl) 

= rice (e.g. IS tang, ff jlng) 

= bamboo (e.g. It kuai, SI bi) 

= the tongue (e.g. ft hua, ft huo) 
ft = boat (e.g. fp chuan) 

= fermentation (e.g. S jiu) 

= walking (e.g. ® qi) 

= the foot (e.g. tiao, ffjj ti) 



List 2 

Measure Words 



Measure words are a special feature of Chinese. A particular measure 
word, or set of measure words, occurs with each noun whenever 
one is speaking of numbers. The measure word may function like a 
collective noun (like a pride [of lions] or a school [of fish]) or may be 
related to the shape of the object. Noun phrases using measure words 
often have the structure “number + measure word + noun,” e.g. 

■ — fEZI yi ba dao = a knife 

■ bang dao nantf = two difficult questions 

Some measure words occur with verbs, and may be related to the 
frequency or duration of the action. For verbs, the expression may 
have the structure “verb + number + measure word,” e.g. 

■ T Hi® kanle san bian = read three times 

■ Ik quguo bang ci = have been ... twice 



ba for objects with handles; a 
handful 

ban class (in school) 
bei fn fold, time 
ben k for books 
bi for a sum of money 
bian @ times, indicating the 
frequency of an action done in 
its complete duration from the 
beginning to the end 

ce volume (books) 

ceng H story, floor 

chang for movies , sport events 



chi l v a traditional Chinese unit of 
length (equal to 'A meter) 
ci 'if time, expressing frequency of 
an act 

cun a traditional Chinese unit of 
length (equal to ‘Ao meter) 

dao U for questions in a school 
exercise, examination, etc.; for 
things in the shape of a line 
dl drop (of liquid) 
dian o'clock 

du If degree (of temperature , 
longitude, latitude, etc.) 

duan |x section of something long 



xviii Measure Words 



dun for meals 
duo tk for flowers 
fen Chinese currency ( 1 jt fen = 
0.1 % jiao = 0.01 7U yuan), cent 

fen for a set of things or 
newspapers , documents , etc . 
feng j ; j for letters 
fu t|l|7| for pictures, poster, maps, etc. 
ge the most commonly used 
measure word for nouns that do 
not take special measure words , 
or in default of any other measure 
word 

gen for long, thin things 
gongchl / A I meter (formal) 
gongjln VJt kilogram 
gongll kilometer 
hang It used with nouns that are 
formed in lines; line, row, queue 

hu used with nouns denoting 
households and families 

huf [I] number of times 

jia for families or businesses 

jian i H] for rooms 

jian for things, affairs, clothes or 
furniture 

jiao Chinese currency (0.1 yuan or 
10 fen), ten cents, a dime 

jie a period of time 

jin a Chinese unit of weight 

equivalent to half a kilogram 



jii Ij] for sentences 
ke II for trees 
ke £ gram 

ke quarter of an hour 
kou I 1 for members of a family 
kuai for things that can be 
broken into lumps or chunks; for 
money; yuan, dollar 
IT a Chinese unit of length, 
equivalent to 0 .5 kilometers 
li for rice, pearls 
liang a traditional Chinese unit 
of weight, equivalent to 50 grams; 
ounce 

liang ff for vehicles 
lie for trains 

mao a Chinese money unit, 
colloquialism for jiao (=0.1 
7E yuan or 10 fen) 
men for school subjects, 
languages, etc. 

ml meter (colloquial) 
mian for flat objects 
miao second (of time) 

mlng for people, especially for 

those with a specific position or 
occupation 

mu fq a traditional Chinese unit 
of area, especially in farming 
(equal to '/is hectare or 667 square 
meters) 



Measure Words xix 



pai for things arranged in a row 
pi for a batch of goods , and for 
things/people arriving at the same 
time 

pi . L for horses 
pian for a piece of writing 
pian for a thin and flat piece, 
slice 

ping t£ a bottle of 
qun a crowd/group of 
shen Jf - for clothes 
shou for songs and poems 
shuang iX a pair of (shoes , 
chopsticks, etc.) 
sui 'X year (of age) 
suo Ijff for houses , or institutions 
housed in a building 
tai for machines , big instruments , 

etc. 

tang for trips 
tao a set of 

tiao ifr for things with a long, 
narrow shape 

tou for cattle or sheep 



wei a polite measure word for 
people 

xia used with certain verbs to 
indicate the number of times the 
action is done 
xiang item, component 
ye 5 1 for pages (of a book) 
ylngchl foot (as a 
measurement of length) 
ylngcun inch 
yuan 7t the basic unit of Chinese 
currency (1 7U yuan = 10 M 
jiao mao = 100 Xf fen), dollar 

zhang for paper, beds , tables , 

desks 

zhen for an action or event that 
lasts for some time 
zhl for stick-like things 

zhl for animals , utensils , or 

objects 

zhong kind, sort 
zuo for large and solid objects, 
such as a large building 



Using the Dictionary 

Note: You are recommended to read Introducing Chinese (pp.v-xvii) 
before using the dictionary. 

1 Pronunciation 

The pronunciation of Chinese words as transcribed in this diction- 
ary uses the pinyin scheme, which is the official, internationally rec- 
ognized Chinese romanization system. Every Chinese character in 
this dictionary is accompanied by its pinyin spelling so that you will 
know how to pronounce every word and say every sentence. 

2 Word class 

The word class of each headword is indicated after the word- 
formation or immediately after the head word, e.g. 

aihu v care for and protect, cherish 
RSI ayi N mother’s sister 

When a headword may be used in different word classes, they are 
shown by I, II, and so on, e.g. 

Hftf aihao I v like, be interested in, have as a hobby 
II N hobby, interest 



3 Traditional characters 

If a character has a traditional version ('ff chuantong zi, also 
known as fantizi “complicated character”), it is shown as part 

of the headword, preceded by trad, e.g. H ai trad 8. 

4 Definitions 

For Chinese headwords English equivalents or near equivalents are 
given, in most cases, as definitions, e.g. 

y{- gaoxing adj joyful, delighted, willing 



Using the Dictionary xxi 



For grammatical words that have no English equivalents, concise 
explanations are given in brackets, e.g. 

Etj de particle (attached to a word, phrase or clause to indicate that it is 
an attribute; de is normally followed by a noun) 



When a headword has more than one meaning under the same word 
class, the different meanings are indicated by 1, 2, etc. For example: 

f ] yue N 1 month 2 the moon 



Homonyms (words pronounced and written the same but with 
different, unrelated meanings) are treated as separate words, e.g. 



It 

It 



v take the place of, perform on 
behalf of 

1 ' d n 1 generation 



For English headwords, Chinese equivalents or near equivalents are 
given, e.g. 

ability n fuT) nengll, caineng 

5 Measure Words 

After the definition of a Chinese noun, the specific measure word used 
with the noun is shown, if it is one of the headwords in the dictionary, 
e.g. 

shu book (^ ben) 

When the specific measure word is not within the scope of this 
dictionary and therefore is not shown, you can often use the default 
measure word -f" ge. 

6 Common Collocations 

Collocations are words habitually juxtaposed with each other. This 
dictionary shows common collocations related to the headwords, with 
cleai - definitions and necessary sample sentences. For example: 



xxii Using the Dictionary 



fi bao N parcel, bag 

qianbao wallet, purse 
■ft tit shubao schoolbag 
ftp 12 youbao mailbag, parcel for posting 



7 How to find Chinese words 

BY PINY1N SPELLING 

Headwords are arranged alphabetically according to their pinyin 
spelling. So if you know how a word is pronounced, you can find 
it easily, just like the way you will look up an English word in an 
English dictionary. 

If you do not know the pronunciation of a word you can find it 
either by its radical or the number of its strokes. 

BY RADICALS 

Radicals (nPlS'bushou) are certain component parts of characters that 
have been used in Chinese dictionary- making for nearly 2,000 years. 
Characters sharing a radical are grouped together under the heading 
of that radical. To find a character in a dictionary, follow these steps: 

(i) In the List of Radicals, look up the character’s radical according 
to the number of strokes in the radical. This gives a Radical 
Index number. 

(ii) Turn to the number in the Radical Index. 

(iii) Locate the character according to the number of remaining 
strokes needed to write the character (i.e. number of total strokes 
minus radical strokes = remaining strokes). You will find the 
pinyin by the character. 

For example, to find fS by Radical Index: 

(i) The radical group of ifi is ) , which has three strokes. In the List 
of Radicals, look up j in the section marked “3 strokes”: 

3 strokes 

t 33 

(ii) Turn to number 33 in the Radical Index. 



Using the Dictionary xxiii 



(iii) As there are nine strokes in tj§, and the radical has three strokes, 
six strokes remain to complete the character (9-3 = 6). Look 
in the section “6 strokes” and locate 

6 strokes 

huo 

(iv) Turn to huo in the section: 
huo ... 



BY STROKE NUMBERS 

Unfortunately, looking for a character by its radical is not an entirely 
satisfactory method as learners may not always know which part 
of the character is the radical. Therefore, this section includes a 
Stroke Index to aid the learner further. Simply look for the character 
according to the number of its strokes, and then locate the character 
by its first stroke. 

For example, to find JS by Stroke Index: 

(i) There are nine strokes in Go to the section of nine strokes. 

9 strokes 

(ii) As the first stroke of fS is “ , locate fS under “ „ ”. 



huo 

(iii) Turn to huo in the dictionary. 

huo m ... 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

s 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 

32 

s 

33 

34 



144 

145 

146 

147 

es 

148 

149 

150 

151 

152 

153 

154 

155 

156 

157 

158 

159 

160 

161 

162 

es 

163 

164 

165 

166 

167 

es 

168 

169 

170 

171 

172 

<es 

17 

kes 

174 



List of Radicals 



4 


35 


X 


72 


5 strokes 




36 


ft 


73 


% 


108 


>1 


37 


X' 


74 


ft 


109 


r 


38 






4 


110 


n 


39 


ft 


75 


0 


111 


L 


40 


4 


76 


ffl 


112 


X 


41 


X, 5 


77 


0 


113 


4 


42 


4 


78 


SSL 


114 


± 


43 


ft 


79 


<f 


115 


± 


44 


¥ 


80 


X 


116 


± 


45 


% 


81 


4 


117 


4ft 


46 


4 


82 


0 


118 


ft 


47 


tfc 


83 




119 


± 


48 


0 


84 


ft 


120 


t 


49 


0 


85 


r 


121 


f 


50 


jh 


86 


A 


122 


P 


51 


a 


87 


ft 


123 


□ 


52 


x 


88 


* 


124 


rti 


53 


i 


89 




125 


ill 


54 


4 


90 


± 


126 


% 


55 


4 


91 


# 


127 


i 


56 


4 


92 


* 


128 


ft 


57 


% 


93 


X 


129 


iC 


58 


4 


94 


4 


130 


? 


59 


ft 


95 


6 strokes 


f 


60 


IK 


96 


ft 


131 


3 


61 


E 


97 


4 


132 


ft 


62 


X 


98 


0 


133 


E 


63 


X 


99 


H 


134 


S 


64 


M 


100 


it 


135 


E 


65 


f. 


101 


4 


136 


3 


66 


‘X 


102 


4 


137 


-k 


67 




103 


4 


138 


4 


68 


X 


104 


ft 


139 


i 


69 


7jc 


105 


0 


140 


ft 


70 


t 


106 


ft 


141 


4 strokes 


It 


107 


4 


142 




71 






4 


143 



Radical Index 



All characters are listed here under their radical plus the number of 
additional strokes needed to write them. 





1 1 


ft 


zhuan 


S 


xia 


ffi 


yan 


# 


qiao 


ft 


ju 


4 strokes 


r 


yan 


ft 


zhong 


fc 


qiu 


ft 


wei 


ra 


blng 


St 


zhou 




5 ) 


ft 


tu 


7 1C 


yong 


J® 


ce 




3 ft 


1- 


2 strokes 


ft 


xiang 


ft 


zhl 


JA 


cong 


E 


ba 


Jl| 


chuan 


6-13 strokes 


i'll 


zhou 


ft 


dong 


ft 


cheng 


s. 


fa 


* 


bing 


± 


zhu 


ft 


gan 


a 


chou 


ft 


jin 


it 


chong, 




2 — 


ft 


ke 


ft 


diao 


X 


jin 




zhong 


- 


yi> yb yi 


¥ 


Ping 


n 


fei 


X 


me 


0 


cong 


l- 


2 strokes 


IE 


zheng 


7 


le, liao 


7 


qian 


H 


chui 


t 


cai 


5 strokes 


* 


li 


X 


yi 


* 


fu 


T 


ding 


m 


er 


ft 


mai 


3-4 strokes 


$ 


gou 




kuT 




ya 


ft 


mao 




chang, 


3fE 


guai 


-fc 


q 1 


ft 


zai 


S 


min 




zhang 


W 


luan 


= 


san 


6 strokes 


£ 


qi 


ft 


dan 


ffl 


sheng 


ft 


wan 


M 


chen 


ft 


si 


ft 


gua 


R 


shu 


T 


xia 


S 


geng, 


M 


shu 


ft 


hu 


n 


wu 


ft 


yu, yu 




geng 


ft 


xiang 


R 


ji 




6^ 


ft 


yu 


* 


lai 


ifc 


ye 


ft 


le, yue 


2- 


3 strokes 


3t 


zhang 


m 


li 


ft 


yi 


ft 


sheng 


JL 


kang 


3 strokes 


ift 


liang 


ft 


yu 


ft 


sheng 




liu 


ft 


bu, bu 


* 


qiu 




4 1 


ft 


shi 


ft 


shi 


ft 


feng 


7-13 strokes 


P3 


ao 


ft 


shi 


t 


wang 


ft 


hu 


* 


beng 


h 


bo, bu 


ft 


wan 


4-5 strokes 


tt 


shi 




ge 


$ 


chuan 


4 


wu 


ft 


chong 


£ 


tun 


m 


he 




jian 


ft 


zhua 


X 


jiao 


ft 


wu 




jian 


llffi 


lin 


5 strokes 


ft 


mu 


ft 


wu 


m 


mian 


£ 


qie 


ft 


diu 


ft 


qi 


ft 


ya 


s 


shen 


Jlf 


shi 


ft 


nian 


ft 


qi 


ft 


you 


* 


shi 




shu 


ft 


Ping 


ft 


yi 



xxvi Radical Index 



6-7 strokes 


IP 


jing 


5 strokes 


it 


yi 


ft 


ke 


ft 


ai 




kuang 


M 


cheng 


ft 


you 


J5 


mai 




di 


# 


leng 


if 


Cl 


ft 


zhu 


it 


nan 




jing 


if 


ye 


if 


Ping 


9-13 strokes 


ft 


sang 


"jc: 


liang 


8-14 strokes 


ft 


shf 


ft 


bang 


* 


zhen 


tR 


mang 




cou 


if 


su 


» 


chan 


i 


zhf 


K f' 


tmg 


i® 


jian 


ft 


yi 


w 


huang 


ft 


zhuo 


$ 


wan 




liang 


if 


zha 


il 


jin 




ii r 




xiang 


& 


ling 


i# 


zhen 


il 


mi 


r 


chang 


8-9 strokes 


® 


ning 


if 


zheng 


il 


miu 


2-3 strokes 


[Rl 


gao 


9 


qi 


6 strokes 


8 


mou 


ft 


li 


R 


If 


if 


zhun 


it 


cha 


if 


pu 


ft 


n 


¥ 


lii, shuai 




8 \ 


i! 


gai 


il 


qian 


JT 


ting 


5& 


j'mg 


2-3 strokes 


if 


hua 


IB 


qian 


if 


ya 


ja 


jing 


iT 


ding 


i# 


shl 


il 


wei 


K 


yan 


if 


shang 


m 


ji 


ft 


shi 


ft 


xie 


4-12 strokes 


* 


shuai 


it 


ji 


il 


wu 


if 


xie 


if 


ce 


10-22 strokes 


ia 


ji 


if 


xiang 


iS 


yao 


if 


chu 


M. 


hao 


it 


rang 


ift 


xun 




9 Zl 


In 


hou 


Si 


jin 


it 


ren 


7 strokes 


Zl 


er 


If 


hou 




nang 


it 


tao 


M 


jie 




jing 


M 


If 




qiao 


it 


xun 


ft 


shuo 




xie 


It 


q‘ 


a 


tong 


iJII 


xun 


il 


song 


7C 


yuan 


M 


sha 


M 


yfng 


ft 


yi 


il 


wu 


3 


yun 


Ji 


xian 


ft 


zhong 


4 strokes 


i§ 


yu 




10 + 


Iff 


xiang 




7 } 


ift 


e 


8 strokes 


ft 


gu 


m 


yan 


2-4 Strokes 


it 


fang 




dan 


+ 


shi 


m 


yuan 


ftK 


bing 




feng 


iH 


diao, tiao 


2-4 strokes 


j® 


zhi 


W 


chong, 


ft 


jiang 


Bl 


du 


+ 


hua 




12 C 




chong 


it 


lun 




fei 


ft 


wu 


E 


chen 


ik 


cl 


it 


she 


if 


ke 


ft 


xie 


11 


fei 


& 


jue 


i£ 


song 


ilt 


liang 


ft 


zhl 


E 


jiang 


3 


XI 


it 


XU 


if 


qing 


5-9 strokes 


ft 


ju 


5 strokes 


ft 


ya 


il 


shui, shei 


ft 


bei 


E 


Pi 




dong 






ft 


tan 


n 


bo 


E 


qu 



Radical Index xxvii 



IS 


y* 


m 


xiao, xue 


ft 


gui 


Wj 


qin 




13 b 


u 


zhi 


ft 


qie, qie 


» 


shi 


ft 


bei 


9- 


10 strokes 


m 


ren 


jg 


ydng 


& 


yf 


s 1 ! 


fu 


ft 


se 


a 


zhu 


H 


zhi 


ID 


ge 


ft 


wei 




21 A 




14 h> 


m 


sheng 


ft 


zhao 


A 


ba 


ft 


ka 




16' ’ 


ft 


zheng 


2-4 strokes 


Eh 


wo 


i 


guan 


6-13 strokes 


ft 


ban 


ft 


zhan 


¥ 


han 


m 


jian 


ft 


bing 


ft 


zhen 


¥ 


jun 


ft 


mian 


ft 


fen, fen 




15 IJ 


1 ft 


nong 


If 


Pi 


ft 


gong 


4-5 strokes 


n 


xie 


# 


quan 


it 

/X 


gong 


S 1 ] 


bie, bie 




yuan 


ft 


tu 




guan 


ffl 


chuang 




17 n 


ft 


xiang 


JIA 


lan 


ffl 


gang 


ft 


nei 


it 


yu 


7 N 


xlng, xing 




hua, hua 


Si 


rou 




20 Jj 


5-6 strokes 


flj 


li 


a 


shuai 


ft 


li 


ft 


bmg 


SJ 


lie 


ft 


tong 


2-4 strokes 


ft 


dan 


n 


pan 


R 


wang 


ft 


ban 


ft 


di 


a 


pao 


a 


ydng 


ftfj 


dong 


H 


dian 


»j 


shan 


a 


zhou 


in 


jia 


H 


dui 


W'J 


ze 




18 ft 




lao 


M. 


ju 


6-8 strokes 


a 


bao 


ft 


lie 


ft 


qf 


flj 


bao, bo 


% 


cong 


ft 


ling 


7-8 strokes 


w 


ci 


ft 


gou 




quan 


* 


jian 


a 


dao 


ft 


ju 


a 


you 


it 


qian 


S'J 


gua 


ft 


shao 


5-11 strokes 


f 


shou 


M 


ji 


ft 


wu 


f) 


bo 


M 

t=t 


shou 


M 


jian 


ft 


xun 


a 


jie 


# 


yang 


JgiJ 


ju 


ft 


yun 


a 


j'm 


ji 


yi 


n 


ke 




19 J] 


i 


jiu 




22 \ 


fpj 


pou 


ft 


dao 


a 


kan 


1- 


2 strokes 


in 


sha 


a 


ren 


ji 


li 


ik 


chou 


M 


shua 


2- 


5 strokes 


i 


mian 


ft 


hua 


M 


ti 




fit 


& 


nu 


ft 


jin 



{1 ren 

fh pu 

ft reng 

ft" shen 

\L yi 

ff zl 

3 strokes 

ft chuan 

ft dai 

ft fu 

fl'l men 

ftil ta 

fill xian 

ft yf 

4 strokes 

ft fa 

ft fang 

ft fen 

ft fu 

ft huo 

ft jia 

ft jian 

ft ren 

ft shang 

ft si 

ft wei 

ft wei 

ffi wu 

ft xiu 

ftP yang 

ft yi 

ffi you 

ft zhuan 

5 strokes 

ft ban 



xxviii Radical Index 



fa 


bo 


ft 


e 


ft 


zuo 


& 


yu 




27 U 


ft 


ci, si 


ft 


jian 


li- 


-15 strokes 




24 ;l 


iff 


chu 


fi 


dan 


ft 


ju 


ft 


cul 


JL 


er 


ii 


han 


fft 


dl 


ffi 


jun 


ft 


jiang 


a 


xiong 


in 


hua 


w 


fo, fu 


ft 


qiao 


ft 


liao 


A 


xian 


* 


ji 


ft 


gu 


ft 


qln 


ftf 


Pi 


% 


zhao 




xiong 


ft 


he 


ft 


su 


ft 


sha 




25 X 


Slt^- 

m 


zao 


it 


nl 


ft 


wu 


ft 


xiang 




deng 




28 A 


# 


shen 


ft 


xin 




23 A 


% 


dou 




can 


it 


H 


8 


strokes 


t 


ge,ge 


a 


fan 




neng 


ft 


wei 


ft 


bei 


A 


ren 


a 


huang 




san 


ffl 


yong 


fl 


chang 


A 


ru 


il 


j*> j* 


p 


tai 


ft 


zhu 


m 


dao, dao 


2 


strokes 


01 


kai 


& 


xian 


ft 


zuo 


<® 


fu 


ft 


cang 


m 

AU 


ping 


ft 


yun 


6 


strokes 




hou 


A 


cong 


ft 


tu 




29 L 


•J 


ce 


# 


jian 


ft 


jie 




26 X 


a 


jian 


ft 


ch! 


ft 


jie 


~7 


jin 


X 


you 


s 


yan 


ft 


fu 


ft 


ju 




yi 


1- 


2 strokes 




30 |) 


ft gong, gong 


ft 


juan 


3-4 strokes 


X 


cha 


SP 


jt 


fi 


jia 


ft 


ou 


Xv 

n 


he 


fi 


fan 


# 


juan 


ft 


n 


§s 


qlng 


A 


hui, kuai 


s 


shuang 


ip 


que 


fffi 


lia 


ft 


tang 


ft 


ling 


A 


you 


fa 


wei 


fa 


lti 


t 


y> 


ft 


qi 


3-8 strokes 


ft 


wei 




pei 


ft 


zhi 


£ 


quan 


$ 


bian 




xie 


ft 


qiao 


9- 


0 strokes 


ft 


san 


* 


die 


ep 


yin 


fi 


shi 


1 


ao 


& 


zhong 


xi 


dui 


31 


|5 (on left) 


ft 


shi 


ft 


bang 


5- 


[0 strokes 


A 


fa 


2- 


3 strokes 


t 


xiu 


ft 


chang 




han 


E 


guan 


& 


dui 


ft 


y' 


ft 


chu 




he 


Dc 


huan 


PA 


fang 


ft 


zhen 


ft 


fu 


ft 


jin 




jian 


4-5 strokes 


ft 


zhi 


fS 


jia, jia 


"TO 


ming 


* 


nan, nan 


i®r 


a 


7 


strokes 


fi 


pian 


ft 


na 


K 


pan 


m 


Chen 


ft 


bao 


ft 


ting 


ft 


qm 


fi 


shu 


it 


fu 


@L 


bian, pian 


fir 


tou 


# 


she, she 


fi 


XU 


pa 


ji 


ft 


cu 


fm 


zhai 


«F 


shu 






vt 


jie 



Radical Index xxix 



Pi 


lit 


w 


you 


m 


mi 


?b 


sa 


it 


xiao 


ffl 


yang 


fp 


yu 


ft 


mo 


st 


xi 


if 


yan 


K 


yin 


% 


zheng 


m 


m 


# 


yang 


it 


ye 


W 


zhen 




33 '} 


ft 


ning 


SH 


zhou 


if 


ym 


PI 


zu 


2-4 strokes 


M 


pao 


ft 


zhuo 


ifi 


yu 


6-12 strokes 


u 


chen 


it 


po 


7 strokes 


it 


zha 


IB 


ai 


« 


chi 


ft 


qi 


w 


hai 


9 strokes 


% 


chu 


ft 


fan 


i£ 


qian 


a 


jin 


m 


gai 


H 


d5u 


ffl 


gou 


ft 


xie 




jin 


m 


hu 


Pi 


ge 


if 


han 


* 


xie 


in 


hao 


it 


hua 


P$ 


jiang 


u 


han 


tn 


yan 


m 


lao 


m 


jian 


p§ 


long 


ip 


hit 


» 


yong 


?i 


liu 


?i 


ke 


Pfi 


lou 


r 


hui 




you 


ill 


run 


» 


liu 


PS 


mo 


a: 


jiang 


as 


zhan 


ft 


she 


?i 


shl 


Rf 


pei 


?J5 


li 


n 


ze 


w 


tao 


m 


tan 


Pi 


suf 


& 


mei 


ft 


zhao 


8 


ti 


if 


wan 


m 


SUl 


?f 


pei 


ft 


zhi 


ft 


xiao 


jfi 


wen 


n 


tao 


m 


qi 


ft 


zhu 


?1 


yong 


iff 


you 


m 


XI 


n 


qi 


6 strokes 


IS 


yu 


■if 


zhi 


it 


xian 


ft 


sha 




ce 


m 


zhang 




zl 


PS 


xian 


ik 


tai 


9 


di 


8 strokes 


10-18 strokes 


PS 


xian 


m 


tan 




dong 


ft 


dan 


ft 


ao 


n 


yin 


9 


tang 


if 


fu 


ft 


dian 


m 


bln 


IS 


yuan 


m 


wang 


m 


hong 


ft 


du 


i® 


chao 


p# 


zhang 


% 


wo 


n 


hun 


m 


gang 


it 


deng 


32 |$ (on right) 


ft 


wu 


ft 


huo 


E 


him 


it 


di 


n 


bang 


m 


xiong 


Sir 


j‘ 


if 


jian 


if 


guan 


SB 


bi 


n 


zhl 


ss 


jiao 


?# 


lm 


it 


gun 


HP 


bit 


5 strokes 


?pf 


jie 


iM 


mo 


at 


jf 


HP 


dou, du 


ft 


bo 


ft 


j*n 


it 


qlng 


i\\k 

1M 


lan 


xP 


jiao 


ifi 


bo 


i& 


lang 


m 


shen 


if 


liao 


BP 


lang 


ft 


fa 


M 


liu 


m 


shen 


it 


lou 


#P 


lrn 


* 


fei 


ft 


nong 




tao 


?i 1 


lu 


SB 


na, nei 


n 


he 


M 


pai 


m 


tian 


J« 


man 


IP 


xie 


?s 


lei 


ft 


qia 


ft 


tu 




man 



xxx Radical Index 



M piao.piao 


IS 


nao 


a 


dang 




bin 


PH 


pu 


ft 


qia 


n 


hul 




hai 




qi 


ft 


qiao 


ini 


shang 




ji 




qian 


ft 


qing 


t 


sheng 




ji 


8 


rong 


ff 


ti 




36'^ 


u 


jia 


IS 


tao 


n 


wan 


2-4 strokes 


ft 


kou 


?f 


tan 


ft 


wu 


$ 


an 


JaL 


kuan 


M 


xT 


tt 


xl 


ft 


hong 


ft 


mi 


m 


yan 


« 


yue 


ft 


lao 




rong 


-i 


yuan 


9- 


13 strokes 


T nmg, nlng 




su 


s> 


zao 


is 


dong 


tF 


shou 




xiao 




34 + 


ft 


duo 


"ft 


ta 


* 


yan 


3- 


5 strokes 


ft 


fen 


7G 


wan 


it 


yu 




bu 


ft 


guan 


ft 


yu 


9-11 strokes 


H 


guai 


ti 


han 


ft 


zai 


8 


cha 


is 


heng 


ft 


huang 


ft 


zhai 


s 


fu 


ff 


huai 


WE 


kai 


ft 


zi 


# 


gua 


ft 


kuai 


ft 


kang 


5- 


6 strokes 


g 


han 


ft 


lian 


ft 


kui 


ft 


bao 


ft 


mi 


ft 


mang 


■1 


Ian 


% 


chong 


* 


mo 


ft 


pa 


ft 


leng 


ft 


ding 


g 


sai 


ft 


qie 


ft 


man 


g 


gong 


* 


zhai 


ft 


xing 


ft 


shen 


w 


guan 




37 4 


-K 


yi 


ft 


yu 


ft' 


ke 




jiang 


tt 


you 




35 ft 


ft 


shen 


ft 


zhuang 


6-8 strokes 


ft 


xiao 


* 


shi 


ft 


zhuang 


US 


can 


2-3 strokes 


ft 


shi 


ft 


zhuang 


ft 


can 


£ 


chen 


ft 


xian 




38 ft 


ft 


dao 


3 dang, dang 


J ' s 


xuan 


r 


guang 




dian 




guang 


fi 


yt 


3-4 strokes 


« 


hen 




jian 




zhai 


ft 


chuang 


* 


hul 


ft 


shao, shao 


1±f 


zhou 


ft 


dian 




hu! 


ft 


xiao 


ftK 


zong 


ft 


fu 


« 


jing 


4-9 strokes 


7- 


8 strokes 


Jf 


ku 


m 


Jti 




chang 


* 


an 


ft 


qing 



If xu 

IS ylng, ying 
ft zhuang 

5- 8 strokes 

la di 

St du 

IS fei 

ft miao 

St pang 

6- 11 strokes 

IM fu 

Si kang 

IP lang 

K lian 

If tang 

H ting 

ft xf 

Jf yong 

ft zuo 

39 n 

n men 

2-4 strokes 
bi 

|lr| chuang 

I’hJ jian.jian 
fS| men, men 
|’a) shan 

I'n] wen 

PS xian 

5-9 strokes 
PH chan 

PI fa 

B gul 

PS| he 

US kuo 



Radical Index xxxi 



M 


nao 


ii 


tui 


15 


qiao 


±B 


tan 


7C 


ke 


M 


wen 


a 


xuan 


ft 


shi 


a 


xing 


n 


ji 


ra 


yue 


it 


zhul 


m 


xiang 


x 


xing 


H 


jia 


Tj 


zha 


7- 


8 strokes 


M. 


wu 


it 


zhi 


P 


sheng 




40 L 


it 


dai 


X 


zuo 


X 


zuo 


± 


shi 


2- 


3 strokes 


ii 


di 




42 -p 


7-8 strokes 


jIl 


xi 


fi 


bian 


iS 


dou 


X 


gan, gan 


±f 


bit 


M. 


yi 


s 


da 


it 


feng 


fl] 


kan 


ft 


du 


i±r 

JliiX 


zhi 


ii 


guo, guo 


iE 


guang 




43 ± 


±1 


dul 




45 ± 


ii 


liao 


m 


luo 


± 


tu 


IS 


duo 


± 


shang 


ii 


mai 


it 


shi 


2-3 strokes 


3= 


ji 




46 


xt 


qian 


M 


su 




chang 


a 


mai, man 


1-4 strokes 


m 


xun 


it 


tong 


m 


de, di 


±§ 


pei 




ai 


ffl 


xun 


iS 


tou 


n j 


jun 




ta 


ts 


ba 




strokes 


it 


tu 




sheng 




tang 


& 


cang 


E 


chi 


J6 


zao 


X 


zai 




yu 


38? 


fang 




hai.huan 


ii 


zhu 


5 


zhi 


9-17 strokes 


3? 


fen 


a 


jin 


9- 


13 strokes 


4-6 strokes 


Sk 


bao 


X 


hua 


a 


jin 


ii 


bl 


m 


ba 


n 


bi 


1? 


jie 


iS 


lian 


n 


bi 


ft 


cheng 


ft 


di 


if 


qin 


it 


po 


i® 


bian 




chi 


s 


gu 


& 


su 


it 


wei 


it 


dao 


ft 


tang 


ft 


jing 




ya 


iffl 


yrng 


iit 


qian 


ft 


fen 


# 


kan 


-H- 


yi 


£c 


yuan 




yao 


ft 


huai 


# 


qiang 


£ 


zhi 


ii 


yun 


ii 


yao 


a 


ji 


ti 


rang 


5-6 strokes 


& 


zhe.zhei 


it 


yf 


M 


jian 


s 


sai 




cao 


5-6 strokes 


ii 


yu 


1 


ken 


IS 


su 




cha 


it 


di 


i® 


zao 


ft 


keng 


±1 


ta 


iS 


fan 


ii 


ji 


il 


zun 


$ 


kua 


ft 


tang 


7m 


huang 




mi 




41 X 


ft 


kuai 


±1 


tian 


$ 


jian 


m 


ni 


X 


gong 


ft 


la 


ft 


XU 


# 


jian 


iS 


shi 


1 1 


gong 




lei 


±t 


zeng 




jing 


ii 


shu 


ft 


gong 


a 


long 


it 


zhe 




ku 




song 


51 


gong 


ft 


PO 




44 ± 




li 


& 


tao 


St 


gong 


±75 


tan 


^fcr 

3E 


hu 


7£ 


mang 



m n# m * m m a m m » m ^ a sw m m 3 » s m m » s* -t# n a* m 



xxxii Radical Index 



mao 
mao 
miao 
Ping 
qie 
rong 
ruo 
xun 
yao 
ylng 
■8 strokes 
bo 
cai 
dang 
gu 
he 
huang 
hud 
ju 

jun 
lian 
luo 
meng 
Ping 
pu 
pu 
sa 
tao 

yi'ng 

zhu 

9-15 strokes 
16 ai 

Sf bao, bo 
bi 

IS cang 



1 


cong 


ft 


jia 


ft 


zha 


s 


dong 


ft 


mai 


iff 


zhl 


M 


hu 


ft 


tai 


4 strokes 


1 


jiao 


ft 


tou 


IE 


ba 


H 


kui 


ft 


yang 


ft 


ban 


m 


la, luo 


5- 


9 strokes 


ft 


ban 


M 


lan 


* 


ao 


iff 


ban 


* 


lei 




fen 


ft 


bao 


JI- 

BS 


man 


♦ 


feng 


ft 


bo 


* 

at 


meng 


ft 


jiang 


ft' 


chao 


Jg 


mie 




qf 


ft 


che 


H 


mo 


If 


she 


iff 


d5u 


m 


mu 


ft 


shuang 


ft 


fu 


Jg 


mu 




tao 


ft 


fu 


M 


shu 


# 


zou 


ft 


hu 


M 


shu 




49 ft 


ft 


ji 


m 


suan 


ft 


cun 


ft 


ju 


SI 


teng 


if 


feng 


ft 


kang 


fr 


xTn 


if 


nai 


ft 


kou 


* 


XU 


J# 


ru 


ft 


lun 


m 


yun 


It 


she 


ft 


nl 


m 


zhe 


ft 


shou 


itt 


Pi 


* 


zheng 


ft 


si 


ft 


qiang 




47# 


If 


zun 


ft 


rao 


m 


bi 




50 S 


ft 


tou 


ft 


kai 


l- 


3 strokes 


ft 


yang 


ft 


nong 


ix 


da 


ft 


yi 


B 

Jr 


yi 


in 


kou 


ft 


zhao 




zang 


r 


kuo 


iff 


zhe, zhe 




48 ft 


si 


ba, pa 


ft 


zhua 


ft 


da, dai 


ft 


PU 


5 strokes 


i- 


3 strokes 


Si 


reng 


ft 


ba 




ben 


ft 


sao, sao 


ft 


bao 


=f 


duo 


ft 


tuo 


iff 


chai 


ft 


fu 


» 


yang 


a 


chou 



IS. dan, dan 
jft dl 

S3 guai 

ft jian 

ft ju 

M jun 

St la 

lan 

ft long 

ft ma, mo 

ft mu 

ft nlng, nlng 
ffl niu 

ft pai 

ill pao 

ft pi 

ft tai 

ffi tuo 

ft tuo 

if ya 

W yong 

# ze 

ft zhao 

ft zhuo 

6 strokes 
ft an 

ft chi' 

ft dang 

Sift gong 

fi gua 

ft hul 

iff ji 

iS kuo 

Sc nao 

9 nuo 



Radical Index xxxiii 



ft 


pin 


ft 


diao 


il 


she 


ti 


you 




long 


» 


shi 


ft 


jie 


W 


tan 


R 


zhi, zhi 


"ft 


ne 


ft 


shuan 


ft 


jie 




yao 


3 strokes 


ptft 


shen 


ft 


tiao, tiao 


ffl 


jue 


li- 


-16 strokes 


ft 


chi 


ft 


wei 




ting 


ft 


kong 


ft 


bo 


PA 


ma 


PA 


wu 


ft 


wa 


ft 


liie 


m 


ca 




she 


0c 


yong 


ft 


zheng. 


ft 


miao 


ft 


cao 


p± 


tu, tu 


ft 


za 




zheng 


ft 


nian 


« 


che 


"S 


xT 


6 strokes 


a 


zhuai 


w 


pai 




cheng 


ft 


xia 


P£ 


duo 


ta 


zhi 


ft 


peng 


* 


cuT 


'fr 


you 


n& 


ha 


7 strokes 


ft 


qia 


ft 


nian 


ft 


zhT, zhi 


ft 


hong, 


ft 


ai 


ft 


tan 


ft 


pie 


4 strokes 




hong 


a 


ba 


ft 


tao 


m 


sa 


BE 


ba, ba 


Bit 


hua 


* 


bu 


ft 


tul 


a 


shan 


ft 


chao 


ft 


ke 


a 


cuo 


ft 


wan 


w 


shuai 


M 


cheng 




ma 


ft 


han 


ft 


yan 


» 


si 


ft 


chul 


P| 


mmg 


a 


huan 


» 


zhi 


a 


sou 


ft 


dai 


m 


na 


a 


jian 


9 strokes 


ft 


xian 


Bft 


dun 


p 

m 


pin 


s 


ju 


» 


bo 


m 


xie 


Bft 


fen 


a 


suT 


ft 


juan 


f® 


cha 


f® 


zan 


5 


fou 


a 


wa 


a 


kua 


m 


ge 


* 


zhai 


At 

n 


gao 


"in 


xiang 


a 


kun 


a 


jiao 


ft 


zhuang 


# 


gu 


w 


ya 


ft 


lao 


n 


jie 




51 P 


BfL 


hou 


BH 


yan 


a 


nie 


» 


jin 


n 


kou 


pg 


ou 




yao 


« 


rou 


a 


Ian 


2 strokes 


Bfr 


ting 


n| 


zan 




shao 


a 


sou 


BA 


ba 


§ 


tun 


W 


zT 


a 


shou 


ft 


ti 


ft 


diao 


t) 


wen 


7- 


9 strokes 


ft 


sun 


g 


wo 


ft 


ding 


Bf 


ya, ya 




a 




zhe 


s 


yuan 


■§ 


hao 


in 


yuan 


ft 


ai 


a 


zhen 


ft 


zou 


Btf 


jiao 


5 strokes 


nil 


fei 


a 


zhuo 


10 strokes 


M 


ling 


ns: 


ai 


V 


chang 


8 strokes 


m 


bai 


ft 


shi 


nff 


fu 


Bffif 


chuan 


ft 


cuo 


IS 


ban 


ni 


tan 


Pnj 


he 


IS 


chun 


ft 


dao 


fe 


gao 




xiong 


Pf 


hu 


« 


han 


ft 


dian 


ft 


mo 


if 


ye 


in 


ka 


R|§ 


he 



xxxiv Radical Index 



B? 


heng 


i# 


zao 


Is 


fu 


de, de, dei 




fan 


Bft 


hou 


BJt 


zhu 


11 


mao 


fg 


de 




gou 


ft 


huan 




ZUl 


m 


sang 


m 


hen 


H 


hen 


if 


ken 




52 □ 


ft 


sha 


$r 


heng 


n 


hu 


®1 


la 


2-3 strokes 


it 


zhuang 


mi 


huai 


m 


jiao 


nfi 


la 


0 


hui 




54 III 




hui 


a 


kuang 


e 


lao 


m 


si 




an 


Hr 


jie 


m 


shl 


Df 


luo 


a 


tuan 


£ 


cha 




lu 


m 


you 


Bft 


6 


h 


yin 


■u* 


chong 


# 


pai 




yu 


ft 


peng 


4-5 strokes 


5 


dao 


It 


wei 


7-10 strokes 


n$ 


P' 


a 


gu 


LU 

w 


gang 


If 


xian 


ft 


cai 


ft 


shao 


a 


guo 




ling 


« 


xun 


m 


chang 


t 


suo 


s 


kun 




qi 




yan 




hou 


n| 


wei 


IS 


tu 




qian 




56 ^ 




hua 


ft 


wei 


0 


yuan 


ill 


shan 




cai 


m 


If 


pjS 


xiao 


B 


wei 




sui 


3 


xing 




lie 


tt 


xuan 


7-8 strokes 


at 


tan 


m 


XU 




mao 


Bt 


yu 


ffl 


quan 


n 


xia 




ying 


s. 


meng 


n 


zhe 


H 


yuan 


it 


ya 




57 ft 


m 


lang 




zhuo 




53 l|l 


lU 

m 


yan 




duo 


H 


yuan 


10-17 strokes 




jin 


ii 


you 


% 


riling 


* 


zhu 


«IS 


chao 


2-6 strokes 


iiit 


yu 


ft 


wai 




60 t 


PM 


hei 


ff 


bang 




zhan 


ft 


xl 


2-5 strokes 


Ȥ 


jiao 


115 


bi 




55 r 


ft 


ye 


m 


bao 


# 


ma 


ft 


bu 


3-5 strokes 




58 K- 




fan 


Bf, 


ng 


ft 


dai 


ft 


bi 


# 


bei 


tn 


ji 


ft 


0 


ft 


diao 


m 


che 


At 


chu, chu 


& 


ren 




qi 


ft 


fan 


fr 


hang. 




dong 




si 


* 


rang 


HU 


shuai 




xing 


# 


ge 


tfc 


yin 


* 


sang 


w 


tie 


e 


jing 




meng 


5-8 strokes 


Bf 


sou 




xl 


tt 


wang 


ft 


wu 


w 


bing 


?S 


suo 


* 


zhang 




yi 




59 <f 




e 


i® 


tuo 


IR 


zhi 




zheng 


3-6 strokes 


it 


guan 




weng 


7-12 strokes 


6-14 strokes 




bei 


ft 


jiao 


ft 


xiu 


f 


chang 


if 


dai, dai 


?4 


du 


If 


man 



Radical Index xxxv 





rao 




65 E 




qi 


m 


fang 




shi 




dao 


lu 


shi 


t& 


fen 


tff 


shi 


# 


xiang 


It 


xing 


m 


gang 


IS 


xian 




66 3 


6-11 strokes 


& 


hong 




61 3 


3 


gong 


II 


hun 


0 


huan 


0 


gul 


It 


jiang 


» 


jia 


& 


ji 




lu 


38? 


mi 


$F 


jiao 


% 


ji 


# 


xun 


9 


qiang, 


m 


lao 


m 


jiu 




62 f 




qiang 


m 


mei 


if 


na 


Ji 


ceng 


1? 


ruo 


it 


nen 


m 


niu 


K 


chi 


K 


xian 


16 


niang 


» 


sha 


S 


jie 


51 


yin 


£ 


qu 


& 


si 


F 


jin, jin 


3fc 


zhang 


« 


sao 


IT 


xian 


Jg 


ju 




67* 


5 


shua 


ta 


yue 


T§ 


ju 


* 


nfl 


m 


wa 


m 


zhl 


® 


IU 


2-4 strokes 


it 


xi 


m 


zong 


jg 


lu 


If 


du 


« 


xian 


5 strokes 


JB 


nl 


w 


fang 


in 


yi 


m 


lian 


JS 


Pi 


ia 


fu 


IH 


yin 


m 


shao 


P 


ping 


If 


hao, hao 


H 


ylng 


i$ 


shen 


1 


qu 


IT 


jian 


II 


yu 


m 


xi 


F 


shi 




ma 


$ 


zT 


m 


xian 


H 


shi 


IS 


miao 




68 -f~ 


m 


zhl 


JM 


shu 


m 


nai 




cun 


% 


zhong 


ji 


ti 


n. 


nu 


m 


gu 


a 


zu 


fli 


tu 


Id 


ru 


m 


ji 


6 strokes 


J? 


wei 


m 


ta 


m 


hai 


tP 


bang 


Ji 


wu 


lc 


tuo 


TL 


kong 




geiJI 


I 


xie 


$ 


wang 


# 


sun 


£ 


hui 


JS 


zhan 


K 


yao 




xue 


% 


jiao 




63 E 


5 strokes 




yun 


% 


jie, jie 


E 


yi 


tt 


gu 




zi, zi 


& 


jlng 




64 E 


ffl 


jie 




69 i 




jue 


a 


jl 


If 


mei 


2-4 strokes 


% 


luo 






» 


mu 


It 


chun 


S6 


rao 



it rong 

tong 
7-13 strokes 

HI beng 

m bian 

H chan 

% chou 

IS feng.feng 
If fu 

IS huan 

M ji 

I# ji 

jiao 

II juan 

m lu 

III mian 

US' miao 

If shen 

I® sheng 

IB suo 

H wei 

wen 

If xiu 

HI xu 

IS xu 

HI yuan 

% zhui 

§ zong 

70 3j 

® bo 

chi 

3 jia 

SF jiao 

l/ 1 lu 

luo 



xxxvi Radical Index 





ma 


fifi 


shi 


if 


huo 


a 


gui 


S| 


ma 


M 


xuan 


fa 

>QiX 


nin 


a 


hu 


® 


pian 


M 


zu 


X 


peng 


4 


huan 


It 


qf 




74 >6 


M 


re 


U l 


jiu 


m 


qu 


ft' 


xln 




xl 


M 


li 


m 


sao 


1-4 strokes 


jt 


xuan 


m 


li 


si 


shi 




bi 


fit 


you 


ff 


ling 


it 


tuo 


a 

Jl2j> 


ji 


.1 


yu 


it 


long 


» 


yan 




hu 


9- 


LI strokes 


ff 


mei 


m 


zhou 


A' 


nian 


& 


bie 




qrn 


e 


zhu 


£ 


ren 


jQf. 


chou 


it 


qiu 




71 »» 


40* 


tai 


M 


Cl 


ff 


rui 




jie 


ffr 


wang 




gan 


* 


shan 


5- 


6 strokes 


niiN 


zhong 




hui 


ff 


wan 




dian 


5-6 strokes 


i 


mu 


4 


Wang 


$i 


lie 


3E 

yQiX 


e, e, wu 


it 


wei 


at 


xian 


& 


re 


Jg[ 


en 


ii 


xiang 


4 


yu 


8- 


12 strokes 


b 


gong 


Wl 


xun 


ff 


zhen 


tk 


ao 


,t 


jf 


sic. 

M 


yf 


» 


zhu 


fltr 


jian 


H 


ken 


M 


yu 


ft 


zuo 


i 


jiao 


jfi 

;Qi' 


k5ng 


M 


yuan 




78 ft 




ran 


7fK 


lian 




75 ff 


ft 


mu 




shu 


jS 


lu 


Jra 


bian 


i- 


2 strokes 


lb 


xiong 


XX 

j lit - * 


nu 




fang 


ft 


ben 


3nE 


yan 


H 

Jib' 


si 


M 


gu 


ft 


duo 


as 


zhao 


M 


xl 


ff 


hu 


ui 


jf 




zhu 


n 

Jib' 


yuan 


ip 


qf 


# 


lin 




72 X 


ft 

Jib' 


zen 


M 


shan 


ft 


mo 


ft 


wen 


jfe 


zong 




76 4 


ih 


pu 




73 j] 


7- 


8 strokes 


4 


dou 


ix 


quan 


ft 


fang 




bei 


«4 


xie 


ft 


sha 


ff 


fang 


|r 


bei 


77 4, 4 


ft 


shu 


ff 


ltt 


IS 


cheng 


IE 


ban 


4 


xiu 


# 


pang 


1 


huan 


SE 


ban 


ft 


wei 


ff 


qf 


,1 


hui 


ff 


bo 


ft 


za 



ft zhu 

3 strokes 

H cai 

ff cun 

ff gan 

ff gang 

ft jf 

ft Li 

ft tiao 

4 strokes 

ft ban 

ff bei 

II gou 

ft gui 

ft gu5 

ft mei 

ft qiang 

ft song 

ff wang 

ft yang 

ft zao 

ft zhen 

ff zhu 

ff zhl 

5 strokes 

IH bing 

ff biao 

S cha 

^6 jia 

ff ku 

ff lan 

#P liu 

X mou 

It ning 

ft ql 



Radical Index xxxvii 



ft 


ran 


IS 


xie 




so y 




84 0 


Si 


rou 


ft 


zong 




can 


a 


liang, 


w 


shi 


8 strokes 




dai 




liang 


w 


shu 


W 


bang 


ft 


jian 




qu, qu 


ffi 


xiang, 


IS 


gai 


ft 


shu 


# 


ti 




xiang 


ft 


guan 


JE 


si 


a 


xian 


6 strokes 


n 


gun 


$ 


yang 


w 


zan 


* 


chai 


ft 


jiao 


m 


zhi 


4 


zui 


13 


dang 


ft 


ke 




81 K 




85 0 


IS 


dong 


IS 


leng 


s 


Cl 


0 


ri 


ft 


ge 


ft 


mian 


ifi 


Ping 


1-4 strokes 


IB 


gen 


II 


peng 


a 


wa 


© 


ang 


If 


geng 


ft 


qf 




82$ 


H 


chang 


ft 


gui 


IS 


sen 


m 


bei 


0. 


dan 


ft 


he 


#6 


tuo 


$ 


che 


ft 


him 


* 


jiang 


If 


yi 


m 


fu 


# 


hun 


ft 


li 


II 


zhi 


ti 


gui 


10 


j>u 


Ilf 


qiao 


9-13 strokes 


* 


hong 


r 


kuang 


ft 


sang 


ft 


bang 


ft 


jf 


a 


kun 


ft 


tao 


If 


cao 




jiao 


Hi 


ming 


ft 


xiao 


ft 


huai 




jiao 




shi 


I® 


wei 


m 


heng 


« 


liang 


E 


wang 


ft 


yang 


ii 


ju 


ft 


lun 


ft 


y> 


ft 


zhu 


ft 


liu 


e 


qlng 


ft 


zao 


ft 


zhuo 


ii 


lou 


t 


shu 


f 


zhe 


7 strokes 


it 


meng 


H 


yu 


5-6 strokes 


It 


jian 


ii 


mo 


i 


xia 


# 


chun 


ft 


If 


is 


que 


ft 


zhan 


ft 


huang 


ft 


liang 


it 


xiang 


ft 


zhuan 


5UL 

0 


jin 


ft 


mei 


if 


ylng 




83 It 


m 


shai 


ft 


qu 


ft 


zha 


tt 


bi 


ft 


shi 


IS 


shao 




79 A 


m 


bi 


k 


xiao 


ft 


shu 


A 


quan 


ft 


bi 


s 


xlng 


ft 


tl 


% 


ku 






Bf 


ying 


II 


tong 


ffl. 


xian 








yun 



[ft 


zuo 


7-: 


11 strokes 


Bf 


an 


n 


bao 


f 


ceng 


M 


chen 


fH 


jing 


M 


jing 


Bs 


liang 


ft 


mei 


f 


mil 


R 


nuan 


0 


PU 


B» 


qfng 


=U 


shu 




wan 


Wif 


xT 


B§ 


wu 




86 n 


ft 


bei 


2-3 strokes 


II 


cai 


ft 


yuan 


III 


ze 


4 strokes 




bai 


E 


bian 




fan 


ft 


gou 


jn 


huo 


ft 


pin 


ft 


tan 


» 


xian 




zhi 



^ w is ss m st at at a& 



xxxviii Radical Index 



5 strokes 

dai 

fei 

guan 

gui 

he 

jian 

mao 

tie 

2 strokes 

du 

hui 

lai 

lu 

pei 

sai 

shang 

zan 

ze 

zei 

zeng 

zhi 

zhuan 

zl 

87 M 

guan 
gui 
jian 
jiao, jue 
Ian 

88 ft 

ba 

die 

fu 

fii 



ff ye 

89 ft 

2-5 strokes 
gai 

itt gu 

ft shou 

ft zheng 

6-7 strokes 

St di 

St fu 

ft gan 

#1 jiao, jiao 

Sit jiu 

min 

Sit xiao 

ft zhi 

8-11 strokes 

® chang 

ft fu 

ft jing 

! St san, san 

tit shu, shu 

90 ft- 

ffi fu 

ft mu 

ft niu 

ft qian 

ft sheng 

ft te 

ft wu 

ffi XI 

91 ft 

If bai 

Pf bai 

ap pan 



w 


quan 


ft 


shou 




mo 


# 


zhang 




92 ft 


% 


hao 


3! 


hao 


€ 


mao 


* 


mao 


« 


tan 




93^ 


M 


fen 


% 


qi 


% 


qlng 




94 ff 


US 


ban 


J» 


pai 


ff 


pian 




95 JT‘ 


ft 


chi 


®T 


duan 


ff 


fu 


ft 


jin 


ff 


si 


ft 


suo 


ft 


xln 


St 


xln 




96 41 


fl 


ai 




cai 


IS 


pa 


s 


shou 


Jit 


zhua 




97 H 


M 


yue 



2-3 strokes 
Mj chang 

ftt du 

If gan 

II jl 

ft you 

4 strokes 

Sfc ang 

I# fang 

IE fei 

ft fu 

J§ fu 

It gu 

f! jian 

If] peng 

'ff shen 

ft xie 

W yu 

ft zhang 

R zhi 

If zhong 

5 strokes 

IS bao 

ft bei.bei 

IS dan 

If fei 

# gu 

SI hu 

If mai 

If pang 

If sheng 

B wei 

6 strokes 

Dt cui 

ft ge 



ft jf 

R jiao 

II lang 

IS nao 

xiong 
Itzang, zang 
lit zhi 

7-8 strokes 
W bo 

|j|chao, zhao 
B jiao 

ft la 

It lian 

II pf 

SI qi 

IS qiang 

ft tuo 

M wang 

9-12 strokes 
JEt bang 

W bi 

II bo 

JK a 

# gao 

H mo 

IS tang 

If teng 

IS tui 

m xl 

II xlng 

K yao 

98 ft 

t ge 

Wi kuan 

Ift ou 



Radical Index xxxix 



SC 


qi 




zha 


A 


wei 


r 


kuang 


£ 


qian 


fll 


zhu 


K 


wo 


19 


ma 


» 


qian 


6-14 strokes 


il 


wu 




pd 


& 


ruan 


ji 


bao 


A 


XI 


m 


qi 


ac 


xie 


M 


fan 


$ 


zai 




sha 


sc 


yu 


& 


han 


St 


zai 




zhuan 




99 3^ 




hong 


ft 


zhan 


ill 


za 


k 


tian 


m 


huang 




105 iC 


6-10 strokes 




100 


& 


kao 




gong 


fl 


ai 


Jt 


feng 


£ 


lan 


* 


jiang 


f§ 


bang 


a 


feng 


s 


mei 


M. 


niao 


# 


bei 


in 


piao 


m 


ran 


B 


quan 


II 


bi 




101 1 


$ 


rong 


7jC 


shui 


fl 


Cl 


m 


dian 


& 


shao 




tai 


fl 


die 


it 


duan 


a 


tang 




106 1* 


fit 


cuo 




ou 


it 


xl 




si 


f+: 


gul 




yi 


« 


yan 


It 


su 


5® 


jian 




102 ‘k 




103 f 




107 it 


a 


ke 


k 


huo 


is 


fu 


£ 


bu 


ft 


lin 


2-5 strokes 


i8 


huo 


jtfc 


Cl 


Si 


liu 


» 


chao 


iL 


Ii 


.Lb. 


ken 


fl 


lit 




chul 


i± 


she 


» 


ling 


If 


mo 


ft 


deng 


ft 


shen 


S 


qi 


51 


peng 




hul 


il 


shi 


3? 


wai 


51 


que 


k 


J'U 


# 


xiang 


jjg 


xie 


51 


shuo 


Sl 


kang 


in 


zhu 


IE 


zheng, 




sui 


& 


lian 


ffi 


zu 




zheng 


fS 


tan 


M 


ling 




104 die 


it 


zhi 




wan 


& 


lu 


il 


cai 




108 M 


iff 


yan 


K 


mie 


it 


cheng 


k 


long 


e 


ying 


IS 


pao 


it 


dai 




109 5 




no >lk 


« 


shuo 


IB 


hua 


5 


shi 


ilk 


ye 


w 


yan 


it 


huo 


3-5 strokes 




ill H 


k 


yan 


S« 


jie 


sin 


chu 


0 


mu 


tt 


zao 


it 


jie 


& 


kan 







2-4 strokes 

BT ding 
If dun 
# kan, kan 
W mang 
l 1 mao 
1 mei 
US' pan 
if zha 
5-13 strokes 



6(c cai 

01 deng 

# du 

Bf jlng 

Bi man 

B| ml 

BR mian 

Is mu 

§ pie 

B qiao 

11 shui 

Bj| xia 

06 yan 

It zhan 

B i zheng 

112 111 

% chang 

ft dian 

ft jia 

# jie 

fl lei 

g liu 

Bfr liie 

J§ nan 

iff pan 



xl Radical Index 



# 


shen 


ft 


zhen 


ft 


xiu 


% 


If 


ffl 


tian 


ft 


zhong 


ft 


xiao 




mi 


ft 


wei 


5-6 strokes 


ft 


ym 


U 


mu 


w 


XU 


r 


chan 


ft 


zhen 


ft 


shao 


If 


ye 


m 


chu 


§# 


zhu 


ft 


shui 


a 


you 


ft 


ling 


<a 


zhuo 


ii 


sui 




113 


ft 


1U 




116 ^ 


ft 


wen 


13 


fa 


is 


qian 




ai 


ft 


xl 




zhi 


ft 


qian 


M 


duan 


ft 


yang 




zui 


ft 


tie 


ft 


jn 


# 


yi 




114 JE 


fi 


tong 


5a 


zhi 


ft 


zhi 


g 


ba 




you 




117 % 


is 


zhi 


& 


dao 


ftzuan, zuan 


2-4 strokes 


a 


zu 


fE 


jian 


7- 


5 strokes 


fn 


he 




118 Cl 


S 


meng 




chui 




j‘ 


e 


bai 


& 


pan 


ft 


cuo 




ke 


ft 


bai 


& 


pen 


ft 


du 


# 


miao 


w 


de, di 


£ 


sheng 


« 


duan 




qiu 




huang 


# 


shu 


ft 


guo 


ft 


si 


fc a b 


jie 


ifiL 


xie, xue 


a 


jian 




wei 


IS 


po 




xin 


ft 


jin 


f 


xiang 


£ 


zao 


it 


yan 


ft 


jn 


£ 


xiu 




119 ffl 


R 


ying 


a 


jing 


# 


zhong, 


JB 


ydng 


S 


zhao 


# 


lian 




zhong 




120 4 




zhan 


a 


lian 


5- 


12 strokes 


ft 


e 




115 | 


ft 


luo 




chen. 


ft 


ge 


2-4 strokes 


ii 


mei 




cheng 


xl 


j‘ 


# 


chao 


ft 


pu 




cheng 


1% 


niao 




diao 


ft 


qian 


g 


cheng 


ft 


que 


£T ding, ding 


» 


qiao 


ft 


cheng 


ft 


ya 


#§ 


gai 


ft 


rui 




chou 


w 


ya 


#5 


gang 


ft 


suo 


IS 


dao 


M 


ying 


ttl 


gou 


ft 


xl 


fe 


gao 




121 f 




qln 


« 


xiang 


fR 


ji 


2-5 strokes 


ft 


yao 




xin 


ft 


jia 




ba 



$ 


bi 




bing 


is 


chuang 


s; 


feng 




ji 


'ft 


liao 


& 


P‘ 




teng 


s 


yi 


a 


zheng 


6-12 strokes 


IS 


ai 


jf 


chi 


US 


hen 


& 


huan 


IS 


liu 


M 


shdu 


jff 


que 


m 


tan 


ft 


tan 


if 


tong 


fi 


wen 


n 


yang 




122 AL 


ft 


chan 


IS 


duan 


i^j 


jie 


at 


jing 


AL 


li 


ft 


qln 


M 


shu 




zhan 


tV. 


zhang 




123 ft 


ft 


xue 



Radical Index xli 



% 



@ 

iff? 






chuan 

chuang 

cuan 

jiao 

jiu 

kong,kong 

ku 

ku 

lian 

long 

qie 

qiong 

tu 

wo 

yao 

zhai 



124 ^ 



2-3 strokes 
Sc ao 

jtf bu 

Sf chen 

SJ chu 

U shan 

4-8 strokes 
bei 

#; fu 

If ku 

ffi pao 

qun 

IS wa 

xiu 

St _ yu 

125 ^ 

* jin 

75 shi 



126 ± 

if z e 

i zhu 

127 fij: 

31 du 

tf mei 

15 mu 

128 £ 

£ qu 

129 £ 

g chu 

130 & 

& pi 

3t zhou 

131 ^ 

# kao 

^ lao 

132 If 

lit chi 

58 cong 

It dan 

^ er 

M ju 

5& lian 

5# liao 

M long 

If pin 

® qu 

St song 

|R zhi 

133 M 

S fu 

S piao 

H xi 

H yao, yao 



134 jS 

if! ban 

II chan 

J® dian 

M ding 

If dun 

$5 e 

S gu 

M jing 

S ke 

4J> ling 

M pin 

)S po 

tf qing 

®f song 

IE shun 

M wan 

M yan 

iff ye 

S ying 

55 yu 

1351® 

hu 

£ Id 

IS. XU 

136 Jfa 

iff chong 

1-6 strokes 

5 can 

$ dan 

01 hong 

15 ma 

S man 

l£ she 

H wa 



52 wen 

If xia 

lit yi 

ft zhu 

7-11 strokes 

If! chan 

It chun 

die 

0$ e 

I# feng 

4® hu 

huang 

la 
luo 



If 

H 



If qing 

II rong 

I5i ying 

fiP zhi 

137# 
fit gang 

IS guan 

lit que 

138 S 

3? ci 

fit luan 

139 fr 

ft zhu 

3-5 strokes 
® ba 

ben 

^ bi 

ff di 

% di 

fu 



ft 



¥ 


gan 


% 


long 


ft 


sun 


% 


xiao 


6- 


■7 strokes 


# 


ce 


% 


chou 


ft 


da, da 




deng 


1ST 


jian 


m 


jin 


m 


kuai 


ft 


qian 




shai 


if 


tong 




zhu 


8- 


14 strokes 


m 


bo 


t 


guan 


fa 


ji 


4d& 

m 


jian 


m 


lan 


M 


li 


W 


luo 


It 


pian 


* 


suan 


ft 


xiang 




wo a 


* 


bi 


A 


chou 


s 


Zl 




141 ^ 


IS 


ban 


10 


bo 


Ife 


cang 



^ m * ^ * ?# # a * m w* m * m m * * 



xlii Radical Index 



Ip chuan 

ft hang 

ft jian 

IS ting 

ft zhou 

142 # 
biao 

dai 
lie 
shang 

XI 

y' 

zhuang 

143 ^ 

cha 
gai 
mei 
qun 
shan 
xian 
xiu 
yang 
yang 
zhao, zhe, 
zhuo 

144 

ml 

-5 strokes 

cu 
fen 
fen 
lei 
li 

fl- liao 



7-11 strokes 
cui 

ft gao 

15 hu 

ft jlng 

ft kang 

16 liang 

ft tang 

yue 

If zao 

313 zhou 

If zl 

145 M. 

BE ji 

6. hang 

146 99 

® chi 

ffl fan 

S qiao 

m weng 

jt xiang 

Us yao 

M yi 

19 yu 

147 $. 

% fan 

K jin 

% su 

% suo 

% XU 

St zl 

148 M 

ft mai 

149 M 

j® chao 



M chen 

& fit 

SE gan 

©l pa 

E ql 

® qu 

M tang 

JI yue 

zou 

150 M 

M li 

ff ye 

151 JSd 

S. ZU 

3-5 strokes 

M- cai 

R die 

®5 jian 

E6 ju 

Iff kua 

S& pao 

©C yue 

6-12 strokes 
M beng 

S§ dao 

IS duo 

Jf dun 

1® gen 

SI gui 

& lit 

]® ta, ta 

SI ta 

SI tl 

1% ti 

Ht tiao 



m 




zao 




160 




IS 




zong 






fei 




152 


* 


* 




kao 


* 




fan 




161 


w 


# 




shi 


il 




chou 




153 


f 


gg 




cu 


ie 




mao 


» 




jiang 




154 


ft 


m 




ku 


» 




du5 


If! 




mei 


ft 




shen 


16 




niang 


m 




tang 


m 




pei 




155 


ft 


si 




suan 


li 




chu 


ii 




xing 


ft 




jiao 


85 




XU 


If 




. i iS 


E 




yun 




156 


l i 


R 




zhuo 


s 




jing 


s 




ZUl 


# 




Pi 


S 


162 


s 


R 




yan 




deng 


# 




yu 


if 




dou 




157 


'f 


M 




wan 


Sf 




ban 




163 


ft 






bian 


m 




Cl 


m 




bian 


m 




diao 


$ 




bian 


M 




ji 


$ 




gu 


n 




que 


» 




la 


IS 




shou 






P' 1 


£i 




xiong 


¥ 




xln 


m 




ya 




158 


% 




164 


t-. 

B 


$ 




xi 


# 




jing 




159 


M 


if 




qlng 


S 




shu 




165 


ft. 


g 




zheng 


®s 




jing 








# 




lu 



Radical Index xliii 



n 


xian 




shuang 




168 


m 


ti 


4. 


yu 


9 


wu 


If 


bian 




170 & 




166 m 


# 


XU 


¥ 


ge 


* 


can 


'=}=’ 

m 


ba 


R 


xia 


m 


ju 


t 


shf 


© 


bao 


9 


xue 


m 


le 




171 & 


H 


huo 


if 


yu 


m 


xie 


M 


gui 


1? 


lei 


* 


zhen 


t 


xue 


S 


hun 


9 


ling 




167 




169 £ 


JS 


mo 


ft 


lu 




ch! 


£ 


chi, shl 




172 Tf 


9 


mei 










An 

H 


yin 



1731 



yun 

W 

ma 

mo 



174 S 

H hei 



H mo 

iK mo 



Stroke Index 



This index lists all characters in this dictionary according to the num- 
ber of strokes used to write them. Characters with the same number 
of strokes are grouped together according to the first stroke used. 
These groups are listed in the following order: 

1. (including ^ 4. (including ' A ) 

2. ! (including J J) 5. (including y > J? L ^ A 

3. ) (including J ~~ )) 6. - (including V L 4, L *T) 



Within each group, characters are arranged alphabetically according 
to piny in. 



1-2 strokes 

r chang 
T ding 

— er 

3 gong 

A ql 
A shl 

- yTykyi 



I 

h bo.bu 

J 

A ba 
JL er 
Jl jbji 

% jiu 
A ren 
A ru 



71 dao 
<1 diao 
T le.liao 

A 11 
z. yi 

X you 

3 strokes 

A cai 



"4 cun 
A da, dai 
A gan, gan 
I gong 
"S' kul 
H san 
P shl 
A shl 
± tu 
A wan 
A xia 



A yu,yu 
A zhang 

I 

rfi jin 
n k5u 
ill shan 
± shang 
/Js xiao 

) 

Jl| chuan 



xliv Strokes Index 



JT fan 

ft ge 
£ ji 

X jiu 
X me 
ft ql 
ft qian 
ft shao 
tl wan 
ft xl 

£ yi 
f L yi 

r guang 
H men 
t wang 
ft zhl 

1 

X cha 
X fei 

a ji 

ft ma 
JI ren 
ft. wei 
ft xi 
it ye 
E yi 
ft zi, zi 

j- 

£ nil 
£ xiang 
-*5 yu 

4 strokes 

ft bu, bu 
ft che 
X dai 



Ji 


feng 


ft 


fu 


ft 


ge 


z 


hu 


ft 


jing 


g 


ju 


ft 


kai 


ft 


li 


ft 


mu 


EE 


Pi 


K 


qu 


A 


quan 


ft 


shi 


ft 


shi 


A: 


tai 


A 


tian 


Jt 


ting 




tun 


K 


wa 


ft 


wang 


Ac 


wii 


ft 


wu 


ft 


ya 


2 


yi 


X 


you 


£ 


you 


7G 


yuan 


7J 


yun 


tL 


zha 


£ 


zhl 


ft 


zhuan 

I 


A 


1 

bei 


£ 


jian 


ft 


nei 


0 


ri 


ft 


shao, shao 


7X 


shu! 


it 


zhi 



ft 


zhong 


ft 


bi 


£ 


cang 


ft 


chang. 




zhang 


tt 


chou 


J > t 


cong 


ft 


dan 


ft 


fa 


£ 


fan 


ft 


fen, fen 


JA 


feng 


JA 


feng 


X 


fu 


£ 


gong 


X 


gou 


ft 


hua 


ft 


jie 


Jt 


jin 


-7 


jin 




jin 


£ 


mao 


ft 


niu 


ft 


pian 


ft 


PU 


% 


qi 


X 


qian 


ft 


ren 


ft 


reng 


ft 


shen 


ft 


sheng 


ft 


shi 


ft 


shou 


ft 


wu 


ft 


wu 


in 


wu 


ft 


xiong 


ft 


yue 



■53 yun 
JK. zhua 

>T ding 
if- dou 
ft fang 

a hu 
A huo 

VI ji 
it ji 

% kang 
ft liu 
it ren 
ft wei, wei 
X wen 
ft xln 

% yi 

1 

B ba 
ft ban 
R cM 
JI chou 
it dui 
TL kong 
%)} quan 
Ji shu 
M. shuang 
VI yin 
f- yu 

tt bi 
ft] huan 

K yi 

jt yun 

5 strokes 

X ai 
VI ba, pa 



ft ben 
W bing 
ft bu 
IT da 
ft dong 
It gan 
ft gong 
ft gu 
S ji 
1 ? jie 

Til kan 
uj ke 

ft li 

X long 
X mie 
it mo 
ft ping 
II pu 
15 qiao 
ft qie 
ft qu 
tJi reng 
ft shi 
ft shi 
ft shu 
ft wei 
$L ya 

ft you 
31 yu 
TL zha 
IE zheng, 
zheng 
ft zuo 

I 

H ao 
DA ba 
Jt bei 
It chu 
0. dan 



Strokes Index xlv 



ft dian 
B<| diao 
BJ ding 
!)3 gul 
^7 hao 
ft jia 
PL) jiao 

IH jiu 

ft ka 
ft ling 
M mu 
ft qie 
ft shen 
ft shi 
ft shuai 
0 si 
Bft tan 
H tian 
ft tu 
ft xiong 
ft yang 
Bf ye 
ft ye 
ft you 
ft zhan 
ft. zhl, zhi 

; 

ft bai 
bao 
If ce 
ft chi 
ft chu, chu 
cong 
fts cong 
-ft dai 
4t- dong 
JB fan 

1ft fu 

JB. gua 



% 


he 


ft 


hu 


m 


j» 


fti 


jb 


ft 


le.yue 


ft 


ling 


in 


men 


ft 


niao 


Jx 


qiu 


ft 


sheng 


ft 


shi 


ffi 


shuai 


Id 


ta 


ft 


wai 


ft 


wit 


IX 


yi 


ep 


yin 


ffl 


yong 


# 


yun 


if 


Zl 


ft 


ban 


$ 


bi 


u 


han 


ft 


hui 


ft 


ji 


XA 


lan 




11 


ftL 


li 


1 1 > 
T 


ning, ning 


it 


rang 


0 


shan 


ft 


shi 


'K 


ta 


if 


tao 


ft 


tou 


2| 


xie 


ft 


xue 


if 


xun 



ft yi 

zjc yong 
ft zhl 

ft zhu 

if! bian 
Xt dui 
ftn jia 
il liao 
if mao 
Eft mi'n 
E ni 
R pi 
sheng 
iftl si 
ft zhao 

u 

R fa 
•0\ jiu 
ft mu 
nai 
& nu 
it si 
iS tai 
tfo you 

6 strokes 

ft bai 
ft bang 
ill chang 
E chen 
cheng 
ft cun 
& da 
id de, di 
dong 
ft duo 
M er 



ft er 
5t gong 
ft gong 
ft gui 
jft guo.guo 
jjij hua, hua 
ft hul 

tu ji 
a ji 
ft ji 

ft jia 
E jiang 

# kao 
tP kou 
ft kua 
ft kuo 
^ lao 
Rl lie 
M mai 
ft pu 
ft quan 

ft sao, sao 
ft shi 
ft si 
ft si 
ft tuo 
ffi xl 
ft xie 
f|5 xie 
JfiJ xing 
ft xiu 
ft ya 
M ya 
R yan 
ft yang 
M ye 
ft you 

# zai 
ft zai 



2 zhl 
ft zhi 
$ zhi 

I 

ft chen 
[ft chi 
ft, chong 
it ci 
ft dang, 
dang 
ft diao 
If fan 
ill gang 
it guang 
HI hui 
ft jian 

ft be 

Jt lu 

P*i ma 

UU V 

B qi 
ffi qu.qu 

|fl rdu 
iJip shi 
sui 

E tong 
B± tu, tu 
H tuan 
[ftl wang 
B$ xl 
in' xia 
if xun 
0 yin 
llH yu 
Ff yu 
■ft zao 
Jill ze 
jtf zhen 
ft zhuang 
ft zhuang 



xlvi Strokes Index 





; 


ffi 


WU 


ft 


jiang 


3? 


mai 


ft 


chuan. 


5fc 


xian 


X 


jiao 


M 


na, nei 




zhuan 


ft 


xiang 


ft 


jue 


# 


sun 


GJ 


chuang 


ft 


xiong 


ft 


jun 


m 


tuo 




diu 


id 


xie, xue 


i£ 


lun 




xi 




dud 


ft 


xmg 


ft 


mang 


ft- 


xun 


& 


dud 


ft 


xiu 


ft 


mi 


ps 


yang 


ft 


fa 


ft 


xun 


ft 


nong 


Q 

ftft 


yi 


ft 


fang 


® 


yan 


ft 


q> 


m 


ym 


ft 


fen 


ft 


yang 


ft 


qing 




yu 


ft 


fu 


ft 


ye 


ft 


she 


Iff 


zhen 


ft 


fu 


ft 


yi 


ft 


shou 




1 


# 


ge 


ffi 


you 


ft 


song 


% 


bi 


ft 


hang 


£ 


za 


m 


tang 


ja 


fu 


.A. 

P 


he 


& 


zhao 


$ 


wang 


ffi 


hao, hao 


jp 


hou 


ft 


zheng 


ft 


wen 


a; 


hong 




hua 


ik 


zhong 


h 


wu 


is 


ii 


XX 


hui.kuai 


ft 


zhu 


ft 


xlng, xing 


a 


ii 


ft 

lid 


hud 

ji 


ffi 

a 


zhu 

Zl 


ffi 

mi 


XU 

xun 


ffi 

M 


j 1 

jian 

ma 


ft 


jia 






ft 


ya 


ft 


ru 


ft 


jian 


$ 


an 


ft 


yang 


ft 


shou 


% 


mfng 


a 


bi 


ft 


yi 


m 


ta 


ft 


man 


ft 


blng 


ft 


yi 


ffi 


xian 


J=E 


ping 


ft 


bing 


ft 


yu 


m 


xun 


ft 


qi 


ft 


chan 


ft 


zhai 


ffi 


yue 


£E 


qian 




chi 


ffi 


zhou 


b 

g 


zhi 


ft 

ft 


qiao 

quan 


ft 


chong, 

chong 


ft 

J£ 


zhou 

zhuang 


7 


strokes 


ft 


ren 


% 


chong 


ft 


Zl 




ba 


ft 


san 


n 


chuang 






IS 


ft 


se 


7ft 


Cl 




chi 


ffi 


ba 


ft 


sha 


ffi 


deng 


ft 

Ift 


dao 


ft 


ba 


ft 


shang 


ifc 


e 


fang 


ffi 


ban 


ft 


she 


ft 


fang 


M 


guan 


ft 


ban 




si 


M 


feng 


& 


huan 


ffi 


bao 


ft 


wei 


£ 


guan 


ft 


jie 


w 


cai 


ft 

ft 


wei 

wei 


ff 

ff 


han 

jiang 


ft 


jin, jin 


ffi' 


cang 

chao 



111: 

Jk 

# 

ft 

3? 

3? 

ft 

ft 

ft 

ff 

ft 



1 

s 

i 5 

SE 

ft 

?e 

ff 

ffi 

ft 

ft 

Sj 

$ 

a 

a 

ft 

ft 

ft 

-=k? 

7C 

3£ 

ft 

ffi 

ft 



che 

chen 

chi 

cun 

d5u 

dou 

fang 

fang 

fen 

fen 

fou 

fu 

fu 

gan, gan 

gang 

geng, 

geng 

gong 

gong 

gong 

hai, huan 

hu 

hua 

huai 

j' 

ji 

jian 

jie 

jie 

jin 

jin 

ju 

jun 

kang 

ke 

ke 

keng 

kou 

kuai 



Strokes Index xlvii 



* 

-t+* 

7J 



ft 



t!s 



lai 


fe 


yun 


@ 


yuan 


ft 


nt 


ft 


hong 


lao 


ft 


zhao 


ft 


zhang 


ffl 


pao 


ft 


hit 


I! 


Sr 


zhe, zhe 


Uj 


zhu 


ft 


shen 


ft 


huai 


n 


lit 


zhl 


ft 


zhuang 


it 


shen 


ft 


jian, jian 


n 


i±r 

tlliX 


zhi 


£ 


zu 


% 


si 


% 


jin 


lian 


i® 


zhua 




; 


ft 


tl 


ft 


ku 


liang 


ft 


zou 


ft 


ban 


& 


tiao 


ft 


kuai 


Iun 




| 




bei 


% 


tu 


i£ 


kuang 


mai 

m 


HE 

»l 


ba 

bie 


s 


blng 

bo 


3 

ft 

s 


tuo 

wei 


ft 

n 


lao 

leng 


niao 


ft 


bit 


s 


cha 


wo 


'iS 


li 


niu 


M 


cai 


e 


chang 


# 


xl 


ft 


liao 


nong 

pao 


ft 

M 


chao 

cheng 


I® 

fa 


che 
ci, si 


s 

ft 


xi 

xian 


& 

ft 


mei 

men, men 


Pi 


$ 


chuan 


0 


cong 


it 


xiu 


H 


mu 


qiang 




chul 


fi 


dan 




yi 


ftU 


pan 


qln 


* 


dai 


ft 


dao 


ft 


yin 


ft 


pei 


qiu 


0T 


ding, ding 


IS 


dl 


ffl 


ying 


ft 


pmg 


que 

rao 


n® 


dun 

fen 


ft 

If 


ding 

du 


fffl 

a 


yong 

you 


ffl 

* 


qi 

qi 


ren 


uu 

PC 


gang 


il 


fan 


& 

£ 


yu 


Jp 


qi 


sheng 




han 


ft 


fan 


zao 


ft 


qi 


shou 


BJL 


hou 


« 


fo, fu 


ft 


zhen 


n 


qi 


shu 


M 


jian 


If 


gan 


ft 


zhu 


ft 


qiong 


su 


r 


kuang 


it 

n 


gao 


ft 


zuo 


is 


ren 


tan 


ffl 


kun 




gu 


^4 


zuo 


it 


sha 


tou 


M 


li 




gul 






i± 


she 


tun 


J§ 


nan 


li- 


han 


ft 


bu 


ft 


shf 


wei 


ng 


ou 


ft 


he 


ft 


can 


ft 


su 


wu 


W 


shl 


ft 


jiao 


M, 


chen 


Vn 


tai 


xiao 


Off 


ting 


jfi 


jin 


ft 


chu 


7€ 


wan 


xing 


a 


wei 


& 


jin 


ft 


chuang 


3: 


wang 


xing 




wen 


S 


kuang 


ft 


Cl 


uIS 


wang 


ya 




wu 


fij 


li 


$ 


di 


ik 


wo 


yan 


It 


xian 


ft 


lin 




dong 


ffl 


xian 


yang 


fl 


xiao 


FP 


luan 




dui 


¥ 


xln 


yi 


if 


ya, ya 


SL 


luan 


e 


fan 


ffil 


xiong 


yi 


W 


you 


% 


mei 


ft 


gou 


ft 


XU 


yuan 


JS 


yuan 


ft 


mian 


¥ 


han 


5 


yan 



xlviii Strokes Index 



Jfr ye 


P du 


if yi 


W fang 


ylng, ying 


fang 


'It you 


If fen 


% zai 


if gang 


tt zao 


ti miao 


ft zha 


Ift na 


it zhe.zhei 


11 niu 


ft zhen 


^ nu 


ii zheng 


ti sha 


-| 


It wen 


Phi a 


K yao 


bo 


IK zhi 


M ceng 


8 strokes 


if chen 




jg chi 


ft ba 


B fu 


ft ban 


HiC gai 


ffi bao 


XI ji 


ft bei 


BP jf 


# ben 


& ji 


tS biao 


1^ ji 


I! ce 


Sh jin 


If chai 


M ju 


ft chou 


It jun 


$lj Cl 


M ling 


IB dan 


|ft lu 


flj dao 


It lu 


IS dl 


M pi 


IS ding 


M qu 


fan 


M ren 


If fen 


fflj shan 


♦ feng 


IS ti 


ft gou 


M wei 


ffi guai 


$£ zhang 


SI gul 


IS. zu 


ft gui 


u 


M hong 


ifc chun 


iHj hua 



Jf huan 


J rub 


ft huo 


IE sang, sang 


$F> jian 


if shi 


It jie 


k shi 


^ jing 


i£ shu 


ft ju 


ft song 


^ ku 


ft tai 


iff kuang 


tai 


ft la 


±H tan 


ft la 


ft tub 


ft lan 


ft tub 


ft Hn 


fit wan 


Ik long 


|I wang 


It long 


wo 


lun 


jit wu 


ft ma, mb 


H xian 


IS} ma 


# xing 


H mai 


ft ya 


^ mao 


H ylng 


5c mao 


ft yong 


ft mei 


]f yu 


ft mei 


IP yu 


U miao 


# zao 


ft: mu 


jf ze 


If nlng, rung 


If ze 


0; ou 


Iff zhan 


IS: ou 


ft zhao 


ft pai 


# zhe 


ft pi 


It zhen 


^ ping 


ft zhi 


ft po 


ill zhi 


# qf 


H zhuan 


S ql 


ft zhuo 


qi 


| 


ft qiang 

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lift fu 
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Pf shen 
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Strokes Index xlix 



njc yong 
Ift za 
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zhong 
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ffi bao 
ft. bei 
ffi bei 

ffi bi 

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gong, 
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JK 


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m 

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jian 

jian 

jiang 

jie 

ju 

n 

lou 

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ml 

mo 

qu 

shua 

su 

xian 

xian 

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1 Strokes Index 



u 

can 

ft go 

® guan 

ffl jie 

^ lian 
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fig shao 
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9 strokes 

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tiao, tiao 


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93 


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31 


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li 


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ma 


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xing 

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Strokes Index li 



huang 


m 


XU 


# 


jiang 


il 


song 


ji 


& 


XU 


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jiang 


m 


ti 


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10 strokes 



m ai 
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lii Strokes Index 



$ can 
lit ch! 

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Strokes Index liii 





bin 


m 


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liv Strokes Index 



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XU 


it 


XU 




zhui 




zong 


12 strokes 



$£ ban 



# bang 
M bl 
t# bo 
H cai 
lit cha 
It chan 
iS chao 
Sd chao 
chen 
JU chu 
® cong 
it cuo 
IS da 
IS dl 
M dong 
US ge 
¥ gu 
ft guan 
H gun 
31 hu 
H hui 
]§ huo 



W. jia 
#( jiao 
jf jiao 
II jie 
1 jing 
ft jiu 
ii kan 
IS ke 
tX kuan 
H kui 
^ la, luo 
It lan 
ft leng 
He ban 
I be 
H liu 
ft lou 



IS 

II 

« 

©: 

» 

% 

m 

m 

if 



if 

is 




'w 1 . 



I# 



m 



Strokes Index Iv 



mian 


% 


zuo 


m 


zhuang 




rui 


peng 




1 


% 


Zl 




shai 


pu 


if 


bei 


ft 


ZUl 


III 


shao 


qi 


m 


bei 




; 


s 


sheng 


qi 

qi 


t 

"it 


chang 

chuan 


« 

n 


ao 

ao 


*1 

# 


sheng 

shi 


qiao 


m 


die 


m 


bai 


£P 


shu 


qm 


» 


du 


# 


bang 


in 


shut 


qu 


Is 

S 


fu 


jt 


bei 


i® 


sub 


que 


han 


M 


ce 


m 


tan 


re 


HI 


he 




chan 


m 


ting 


rou 


ffl 


hei 


m 


cheng 


w 


tong 


sa 


i 


hou 


m 


cheng 


i$ 


xl 


san, san 


n 


hui 


i® 


chu 


ii 


xiao 


sen 


m 


jian 


« 


chu 


# 


xln 


sT 


n 


jing 




da, da 




xiu 


sou 


_s. 

J5*. 


jing 


M 


dan 


if 


xun 


ta 


*1 


la 


# 


deng 


J|l. 


yue 


ti 


* 


bang. 


fe 


duan 


n 


zhi 


ti 




bang 


ft 


e 


& 


zhu 


tuo 


Bg 


bang 


* 


fan 


% 


zhu 


wo 


II 


mao 


% 


feng 






XI 


ill 


pao 


ff 


fu 


if 


bang 


xiong 


ie 


pei 


IS 


hou 


i§ 


bian 


y a 




pen 


If 


hua 




ceng 


yan 




qian 


M 


ji 


ST 


chuang 


yi 


W 


qfng 


M 


jiao 


S 


cuan 


yi 


I'fi 


sha 


Si 


jie 


it 


dao 


ying 


'o' 

m 


shang 




jin 


M 


du 


yuan 


n 


shu 


it 


la 


if 


duo 


yue 




wa 


IS 


ban 


tfi 


fen 


zan 


If 


wei 


it 


lie 


M 


fen 


zang 


Wif 


xl 


# 


lu 


m 


fu 


zhao 


5t 


xiao 


» 


pai 


m 


gai 


zhi 




xuan 


» 


Pi 


m 


gang 


zhi 


Ja 


yi 


II 


PU 


w 


ge 


zhu 


Bf5 


yu 


K 


qiang 


a 


gu 


zong 


iS 


yu 


& 


qfn 


* 


han 


zou 


sit'- 

ta 


zao 


£ 


ran 


* 


hu 






Ivi Strokes Index 



!t hua 

IS huan 
ft huang 
if® jian 
ft jiu 
'K kai 
'I'M ke 
1$ ku 
f® kui 
IS kuo 
leng 
man 
miao 
pu 
qian 
qun 
shan 
shl 
ti 

tong 
tong 
wan 
wen 
wo 
xian 
xiang 
xie 
yan 
yao 
you 
yu 
yu 
yu 
zha 
zhang 
zheng 
zhi 
zl 
zun 





— | 




huai 




1 


s 


ai 


5& 


hun 


St 


an 


a 

H 


deng 

ge 

iu 


It 


ji 

jin 


W 

035 


bi 

cai 


S 


lai 


S 


du 


IS 

& 


pian 

qiang 


& 

If 


Ian 

lei 


tt 


duo 

e 


a 


sao 


9 


ling 


m 


feng 


a 


shu 


« 


lou 


m 


gui 




shu 


5| 


lu 


$ 


jian 


B 


xi 


M 


meng 


* 


jiang 


* 


zhou 


II 


mo 


it 


jing 




u 


* 


mu 

mu 




ku 

kua 


m 

m 


bian 

duan 


51 

m 


peng 

pin 


» 


ling 

lu 


M 

M 


huan 

mei 


m 

n 


qm 

que 


S 

tl. 


meng 

ng 


0 


miao 


fw 


rui 


k 


nuan 


M 

in 


sao 


* 


sha 


m 


pin 


M 

hh 


XU 


s 


she 


it 


qian 


W* 


yuan 


tt 


shu 


m 


sang 


13 strokes 


n 


si 


n 


shu 






■±b 

3x5 


suan 


Bi 


shui 


51 


ai 


5? 


sui 


H 


tiao 


m 


bai 


fi 


ta 




weng 


m 


ban 


K 


tan 


Sfc 


xie 


8 


bao 


it 


tang 


* 


xiu 


5$ 


bei 


il 


tian 


,1 


yu 


IS 

n 


bo 

chou 


k 

W- 


wan 

wu 


m 

i 


zhao 

zhao 


« 

7E 


chu 


ii 


xian 


s 


zhi 




fu 


II 


xiang 


# 


zui 


ft 


gai 


m 


xie 






jg 


gan 


s 


XU 


gj 


ai 


Is 


gao 


Ilk 

- 1 * 5 / 


xue 


M 


bao 


s£ 


gu 




yao 


fJc 


chou 


$6 


gul 




zheng 


i 


chou 


H 


hu 








chou 



M chu 
fi chui 

If Cl' 

IB cul 
§b cuo 
!& duo 

m fu 

guo 
m hui 

ftf jian 
It jian 
8¥ jie 
jin 
IB ju 
IS kuai 
luo 
ft mei 
& qian 
IB sai 
fi sha 
M, shu 
P teng 
ffil tui 
ft wei 
i§ xl 
M xiang 
M xlng 
II yao 
M yao 
® yuan 
ft zhi 

? bl 
bln 

ii chi 

1 ci 

IS fu 

it gun 

iS huang 



Strokes Index Ivii 



ff 



jian 


It 


feng, feng 




qiang 


IS 


po 


jiao 


m 


fit 


w 


que 


ff 


qiao 


jin 


w. 


ji 




shi 


n 


suan 


ku 




jia 


w 


shuai 


e 


wen 


lan 


Jl 


jin 


11 


suan 


M 


wu 


lian 


a 


XI 


iS 


tan 


m 


xian 


bang 


m 


xian 


IS 


xia 


JH 


xun 


liu 


m 


ying 


it 


XU 


M 


yu 


lu 


14 strokes 


ffij 


XU 






man 






JB 


yuan 




cha 


mei 

miu 

mo 

mo 


* 

2 


ai 

ao 

bang 

bi 


M 

W 

« 

1 


zao 

zha 

zhai 

zhe 


n 

_UI| 

m 

If 


CUl 

dl 

duan 

fu 


rong 


iSt 


bi 




i 


# 


gao 


rong 


{if 


Cl 


m 


bi 


% 


gua 


sai 


IS 


cuT 


m 


Cl 




hao 


shen 
shu, shu 


m 

m 


cuo 

die 


s 


chang 

ke 


if 

m 


jie 

jing 


su 


§t 


ge 




la 


« 


kang 


tan 




he 


« 


ma 


» 


la 


tan 

tao 


5® 


jia 

jian 


m 

« 


mu 

qlng 


m 

t 


lou 

man 


xl 


ft 


jie 


t 


sou 


?f 


man 


xln 


fa 


jing 


41 


ying 


u 


mi 


yi 


# 


jing 

ju 


M 


zhi 


yffi 

fere 


piao 


yu 


M 


* 


zhuan 


Th 


pu 


yu 


®f 


ku 




; 


if 


qi 


yuan 


$ 


If 


W 


bang 


M 


qf 


yun 


If 


liu 


# 


bi 


i: 


qian 




I 


man 


II 


bo 


i’li 


qiao 


dian 


* 


mao 


ft 


du 


*§ 


rong 


die 


i» 


mei 


it 


duan 




sai 


Pi 

qun 


k 


mie 

mo, mu 


t 

fi 


guan 

liao 


£ 


shang 

shou 


zhang 


« 


mu 


ff 


luo 




wen 






mu 


ff 


man 


*S 


xl 


chan 


si 

* 


niang 

pie 


W. 

M 


mao 

mo 


?s 

* 


yan 

zhai 



zhang 
jfi zhe 



cut 

deng 

luo 



M nen 
If suo 
AS xiong 
S yi 

15 strokes 

W bang 

fft b5 
ff cao 
it che 
ff cheng 
IS cong 
Sh cu 
® fu 
it heng 
1 hui 
1 jiao 
ffm ke 
If mei 
jtjf nian 
SR piao 
$1 qu 
ft sa 
M shu 
®T si 
IS tang 
M wan 
% xiang 
i± xie 
Sr xln 



Iviii Strokes Index 



g ying 
M yun 
if zeng 
M zhen 
js zhuang 
If zui 

I 

H bao 
IS bie 
Jf cai 
B$ chao 
K die 
1 hei 
W hu 
i! huang 
IS man 
H mo 
Bft O 
j$ ql 
IS qian 
J§ ta, ta 
E§ tl 
»i tf 
If xia 
fS ying 
zhu 

fl! zhuang 
HjS zong 

J 

fg dao 
|§ de 
IS gao 
It jia 
It jian 
fit kao 

m li 
ft pi 



Si pian 
II sou 
It tang 
Id tang 
Hi xl 
ft xiang 
H zhen 

ft ao 
I® chao 
Jf cheng 
'If dong 
If e 
IS hu 
liao 
IB liu 
Jji mo 
qian 
fli shu 
ft tan 
S tan 
M yan 




M lu 

if pi 
M wei 
* yu 

16 strokes 

if bao, bo 
ft cao 
M dian 
ft huo 
M ju 
It lei 



it rong 
IS shan 
U shu 
Pi xing 
3® yan 
j| zheng 

I 

^ can 
K mo 
f pie 
fiif ti 
Ift zao 
If zeng 
Bf zui 



m 

# 

ft 



ffi£ 



m 



) 

diao 

heng 

jiang 

jing 

jing 

Ian 

If 

mu 

peng 

yao 

zan 



ft bian 
ft bian 

If gao 
B han 

M. ji 

lan 

fl long 
J# mo 
S ning 
IS que 



ft tang 
ft zao 

H bi 
® bi 

%. jiao 

17-23 strokes 

# ba 
IS bian 
18 ca 
H chun 
S dai 
ji fit 

* jing 
ft ju 

®| lin 

It In 

j§ meng 
U mo 
l| pan 
S# rang 
H shuang 
W teng 
f! xia 
3® zan 

I 

H beng 
JS' dao 
It deng 
! | dun 
Bfl jiao 
II luo 
BI qiao 
B# rang 



Ji ta 
® yao 
I# zao 
It zhan 

) 

IS b5 
S3 fan 
%, fan 
if guan 
It hul 

IS ji 

ft ban 
li sui 
SI xian 
IS zhuo 



3S ai 
IS ban 
'J§ bao 
ft bian 
Ji chan 
?H guan 
IS kang 
SM mo 
Jt nang 
ft pit 
Jffl ran 
M ying 
a ying 
Iff zao 
ft zao 

ff bi 

IS jiang 
• pi 

S yi 

W. zhou 



Chinese-English 



A 



prefix (used to address certain 
r H J relatives or friends to convey senti- 
ment of intimacy) 
l®! - ^ a ba daddy 

a po (maternal) granny 
WiMQ A Alabowen n the Arabic language 
(especially the writing) 

Alaboyu n the Arabic language 
PrIM ayi n mother’s sister 

notes: (1) ay i is a form of address 

used by a child for a woman about his/her 
mother’s age.(2) ayi is also used by 
adults and children for domestic helpers 
and female nursery staff. 

rtlfcf a I interj (used to express strong 
j emotions such as surprise, admira- 
tion, regret etc.) oh, ah II particle 
( attached to a sentence to express strong 
emotions such as surprise, admiration, 
regret etc.) 

interj (used to attract attention or 
express surprise) 

aiya interj (used to express surprise 
or annoyance) 

aiyd interj (used to express surprise 
or pain) 

rtA a interj 1 (as a sigh) alas 2 (as a 
‘ response) yes, right 
a I v mourn II adj grieved 

aidao v mourn 
aiqiu v entreat, implore 
4;A a i v undergo (some painful or 
unpleasant experience) 



kpiEf a n cancer 

Ir^-lSfei'ai lung cancer 
H*® wei'ai stomach cancer 
Tfe 1 ' a trad adj amiable, friendly 
(See ftlilg he'ai) 

a adj (of a person or plant) of short 
A>C stature, short 

a trad f vl love 2 like, be fond 
— of 

aidai v love and esteem 
aihao I v like, be interested in, have 
as a hobby II n hobby, interest 

aihu v care for and protect, cherish 
ai mianzi v be overly concerned 
about one’s image 
fl'flf aiqfng n romantic love 

aiqfng xiaoshuo love story, 
romance fiction 
^A airen n husband or wife 

note: |§:A airen as husband or wife is 
only used in Mainland China as a col- 
loquialism. On formal occasions A A 
zhangfu (husband) and HA qizi (wife) are 
used instead. Now there is a decreasing 
tendency to use ^A airen in China. In its 
place AA xiansheng and AA taitai are 
used to refer to husband and wife, a long 
established practice in Taiwan, Hong Kong 
and overseas Chinese communities. 

aixT v cherish, value highly 
'Hffil Bl aixT zijT de mmgyu 

treasure one’s reputation 
TtB 3 trad fill v hinder 



£ 



aishi v be in one’s way 
a i N mugwort 



1 



3E8£$f aizlb'ing 

aizTbing N AIDS 



note: is a transliteration, i.e. 

reproducing the sounds of the English 
word AIDS. 

a I adj narrow (See xia'ai) 

an adj peaceful, safe 

$/i£ finding adj peaceful and stable 
$|f- finjing adj quiet, peaceful, serene 
finlesT n euthanasia 
$T anrn'ng adj calm, composed 

finpai v arrange, make arrangements, 
plan 

$:£ anquan I n security, safety 
finquandai safety belt 
finquanmao safety helmet 
II adj safe, secure 

finwei v comfort, console 
finwen adj safe and secure 
$T^finxiang adj (of facial expression) 
serene, composed 

finxTn adj be relaxed and content 
$H finzhi v find an appropriate place (for 
people) 

finzhufing v install, fix 
^^^iili^^anzhuang kongtiao 
shebei install an air-conditioner 

an n bank or shore (of a river, lake, 
/“P or sea) 

hai an coast 
he'an river bank 
±j^ shang an go ashore 
'V*T+ ^n prep according to, in accord- 
J ance with 
£&$§ anjie n mortgage 
anq adv on schedule 
SrB'j' anshi' adv according to a fixed time, 
on time 

|$0$ anzhao prep according to, in accord- 
ance with (same as ^ an) 
an n case, plan 

anjian n case, legal case 
p^flljtj^mmshi anjian civil case 
JflJ^^f^xfngshi anjian criminal case 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



ijttlfi#diaocha anjian investigate a 
(police) case 
jT ~rr an adj dark, dim 

•’B 

BhBh an'an adv secretly 

an 'an deyi secretly very 
pleased with oneself 

andan adj dim, gloomy 
7 fe^B^M^J^| 0 ]guangxian andan de 
fangjifin a dimly-lit room 
Bh anshfi v assassinate 
0|j7K anshi I v drop a hint II n hint 
00 ill anshi n darkroom (for developing 
films) 

00 4 1 anzhong adv in the dark, in secret 
0f anzhong bfingmang secretly 
help 

ang trad §1 as in Ml: 



jr 



ME angzang adj dirty, unclean 
E3 ang v hold (the head) high 

rp 

angqi tou hold the head high 
anggui adj very expensive, costly 
Ipflr angyang adj in high spirits 

30 adj concave, sunken, dented 



nr 



[HJft^Faotu bupfng rugged, full of 
bumps and holes 
30 v stew, boil 

m%ao tang prepare soup by simmering 
-Vil ao trad ^Na Chinese- style coat/ 
T/V jacket 

j^Mmian'ao padded coat 

30 adj arrogant (See jiao'ao) 

30 adj deep, profound 

M^E^iS^J^AoImpTke Yundonghui N 
Olympic Games 

JSf# aom! n deep secret, profound 
mystery 

^^JS^i'tansuo aomi explore a mystery 
')liH N deep waters 



2 



Aodaliya n Australia 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



W bai 



B 

A“ num eight 
4Qi| ba num Same as Aba 



tEX3c baxi N trick 

wan baxi play a trick 
n dad, daddy, papa 



fA 

PA 

B 

fi£n 

-±fc* 

B 



B 



ba v 1 strip off, take off (clothes, 
etc.) 2 hold on to, cling to 
onomatopeia crack 

ba n cheek 

bajie v flatter, fawn on 
ba n flower 

It baleiwu n ballet 

ba n bamboo fence (See liba) 

• ba n scar (See ffiHE shangba) 

ba n bar 



baba n daddy, papa 

ba trad M n dam, embankment 

A^PI daba big dam 

In tyrant II v dominate, rule by 
might 

eba local tyrant 

ff ill badao adj overbearing, high-handed 
f|$lbaquan N hegemony 

baquan zhuyi hegemonism 
ff bazhan v occupy or possess by force 
ftdjPLflrbazhan mfnfang seize posses- 
sion of private property by force 
trad H v stop 



PE 

JPEjiuba wine bar, bar, pub 
IPEwangba Internet cafe 
v pull out, pull up 

ba miao zhu zhang pull up 
a young plant to help it grow ( — ► spoil 
things by excessive enthusiasm) 

1 ba prep (used before a noun or 
pronoun to indicate it is the object of 
the sentence) 

-to 2 ba I n handle II m. wd 1 (for ob- 
j Li jects with handles) 2 a handful of 
— tE JJ yi ba dao a knife 
— tE7fc yi ba mT a handful of rice 
fE$j bablng n 1 handle 2 something that 
may be used against someone 
UIMeT ' ftk^fEffi zhuazhule fade 
bablng have got evidence that may be 
used against him 

baguan v check on 
JEX- bashou n handle, handrail 
tEH bawd I n being certain and assured, 
confidence II v seize (an opportunity) 
fEWUlbawd shi'jT seize an opportunity 



HX bagong v stage a strike, down tools 
rtm ba particle 1 (used to make a 
suggestion) 2 (used to indicate sup- 
position) 

Xfst ba i v break off with hands 



6 



I adj white II adv in vain, with- 
out any result III adv for free 



note: In Chinese tradition, white symbol- 
izes death and is the color for funerals. 

fzl £l bai bai adv in vain, for nothing 
baicai n cabbage ($H ke) 
fiyjl baiji n spirits usually distilled from 
sorghum or rice, white spirits 

baikaishul N plain boiled water 
1=141! bailing n white-collar worker 
1=3 A bairen n Caucasian person, Cauca- 
sian people 

SA baitian n daytime 
bai num hundred 



w 



zl H" 7 C sanbai yuan three hundred yuan/ 
dollars 

note: If bai may have the abstract sense 
of a great deal of and a multitude of. This 
sense can be found in many expressions, 
e.g. TfWPb&l^JA Bai wen burn yf jian, 



3 




W IS baihuo 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



which literally means A hundred sounds 
are not as good as one sight and may be 
translated as Seeing is believing. 

15* baihuo N general merchandise 

baihuo shangdian department 

store 

15*0 1-^ bairike n whooping cough 
]5*#t baixing n common people 

note: ^£15% laobaixing is also used to 
mean “common people”. 






ba i n cypress 



baishu cypress tree, cypress 
bai trad m v put, place, arrange 

MzjJj baidong v sway, swing 

MI# baituo v break away from, shake off 

m bai trad W. v be defeated 

baihuai v ruin, corrupt 
iSftSjk&f daode baihuai rotten morals 
^hai v do obeisance, pay respect to 

mjj baifang v pay a visit (to a senior 
person), make a courtesy call 
baihui v make an official call 
bai nian v pay a New Year’s call, 
wish someone a Happy New Year 
X[T ban n 1 class (in school) 2 shift (in 
/ L a workplace) 

MEjlaban work overtime 
±®fshangban go to work 
TSfxiaban finish work 
» banjT n airliner, flight 
ff-fc banzhang n leader (of a class in 
school, a squad in the army, etc.) 
ban n spot, speck 

bandian spot, stain 
fflMj banma n zebra 
M b ~ an n kind, sort (See yiban) 

4jhrt ba n v move (heavy objects) 



MXSfj ban bu dong cannot move/can- 
not be moved 

ban de dong can move/can be 

moved 

banjia v move (house) 

Btis banyun v transport, move 
MisXA banyun gongren mover 
^>7?? ban v issue, confer on 



banbu v promulgate, proclaim 
banfa v issue, distribute 

banfa jiangzhuang issue a 
certificate of merit 
M b§ " v pull, turn 

MX banshou n spanner, wrench 
M b * n n board 

AMrnuban wooden plank 
ba n n printing plate 



JR 



I — ISdiyT ban the first edition 
-J-» ban trad ¥$ v handle, manage 
yj banfa n 1 way of doing 
things 2 method 

xiang banfa think up a plan, find 
a way of doing things 

you banfa have a way with ..., be 
resourceful 

’/itXf meiyou banfa there’s nothing 
we can do 

bangong v work (as a white-collar 
worker, usually in an office) 

bangong dalou office building 
bangong shfjian office hours, 
working hours 

bangongshi n office (|'h| jian) 

Afl ban IT v deal with, go through 
j]'0 banshi v conduct affairs, manage 
affairs 

banxue v run a school 
>1/ ban m. wd half 



r 



bandao n peninsula 

Jiulong bandao Kowloon 
Peninsula (in Hong Kong) 
banjing n radius 



4 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



baowei 



banlu n halfway, midway 
banshu n half the number, half 
bantian n 1 half a day 2 a period of 
time felt to be very long; a very long 
time 

bantu er fei idiom give up 

halfway 

banye n midnight, at midnight 
ba n v mix 

# 

InH^tongban companion 
'ftMp banlu n companion (especially 
husband or wife) 

p zhongshen banlu life-long 
companion, husband and wife 
bansuf v go along with, keep 
company 

banzou v accompany with musical 
instrument 



ban N companion 






ban v disguise £ 



Wm banyan v play the role (of a charac- 
ter in a play, movie, etc.) 

TTjifjk ban n petal, segment 



m 



| huaban petal, flower petal 
bang trad S’ v help, assist 



note: bang, #?f£ bangmang and 

bangzhu are synonyms. Their differences 
are: (1) bangmang is a verb that 
takes no object, while bang and 
bangzhu are usually followed by an object. 
(2) As verbs, bang and bangzhu 
are interchangeable, but ft? bang is more 
colloquial than ft?Hj bangzhu. (3) ft?Hjj 
bangzhu can also be used as a noun. 

fftt bangmang v help, help out 
note: See note on fj? bang. 

bangzhu I v help, assist II n help, 
assistance 

note: See note on ft? bang. 



^[5 b§n g n country 

T bang TRAD M v tie, bind (with a 
' rope) 

bangjia v kidnap 

; bang n hst of names, honor roll 



WW bangyang n (positive) example, role 
model 

QA bang n upper arm 



| chi bang wing 
bang v be close to 



bangwan n dusk, at dusk 
Tjfe bang n (measurement for weight) 

I W pound 

M#£$Jliang bang niurou two pounds 
of beef 

.j afc bang trad H v slander 

fei bang slander 
bang I n stick, club (j& gen) 



tiebang iron bar 
II adj strong, very good 
bangqiii n baseball 
^f^f^bangqiuchang baseball court 
bangqiu yundongyuan 
baseball player 

bao I n parcel, bag 



ft 1 



fjl'M q Ian bao wallet, purse 
^^shubao schoolbag 
fiP'S.youbao mailbag, parcel for posting 
II v wrap up 

baoban v assume full responsibility 
for, do entirely by oneself 

baoban yanxf (of a restaurant) 
take care of everything for banquets 
baofu n a bundle wrapped in a cloth- 
wrapper 

QM baoguo N parcel, package 

baohan v contain, have as ingre- 
dients 

baokuo v include, embrace 
Offi baowei v surround, encircle, lay siege 



5 




baozhuang 

QMi baozhuang n package, packaging 
^^#14 baozhuang cailiao packaging 
material 

baozi n steamed bun with filling 
j» b, ° n the placenta 

£ffijJSxibao cell 
*i b, ° v peel, peel off 

|i|e bao adj thin, flimsy 

note: See note on ^ bo. 
bao n hail 

Hr?- baozi hail 

bao Trad H n treasure 

baodao treasure island 
baoku treasure house 
$ JH baobei n treasured object, treasure 
xiao baobei (endearment for 
children) darling, dear 

baogui adj valuable, precious 
j-UBJ baojian n double-edged sword 

m ba) 

jiETl baoshf n precious stone 
v conserve, protect 

bao'an n security guard 
't^^Fbaoch v keep, maintain 
baocun v keep, save 
baoguan v take charge of 
baoguanyuan storekeeper 
baohu v protect, safeguard, conserve 
baojian n health care, health protec- 
tion 

baojian shfpln health food 
#3^{RMfuydu baojian maternity and 
child care 

baolmgqiu n bowling 
baoliu v retain, reserve 
baomi v keep ... secret 

baomi wenjian classified 

document 

^#1 baomu N (children’s) nurse, nanny 
^ dang baomu work as a nanny 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



baoshou I v guard, keep II adj 
conservative 
't&IE baowe v defend 

baowen v preserve heat 
baoxian I adj safe, risk-free II v 
insure III n insurance 
^ff§\JpL baoxiandan insurance policy 
'$[^11 baoxianfei insurance premium 
baoxian gongs! insurance 

company 

baoyang v 1 take good care of one’s 
health 

(A)###?!#? (ren) baoyang de hen 
hao (of people) well preserved 
2 maintain (automobiles, machines, etc.), 
keep in good state 
^h$*tf$f^cheliang baoyang vehicle 
maintenance 

baozhang v secure, insure, guarantee 
fi^f^Pitshehui baozhang social secu- 
rity 

#UE baozheng I v guarantee, pledge 
II n guarantee 

f c 5n'f^iiE45 chan pin baozhengshu 
(product) quality guarantee 

baozhong v take good care of 
oneself 

^Ejt bao n fortress, castle 
baolei n fort, fortress 



l adj having eaten one’s 



Afcl bac trad i 
fill, full 

^ bao chi yfdun have a square 
meal, eat to one’s fill 

chi de bao have enough to eat 
chi bu bao not have enough to 
eat ( — ► not have enough food) 

note: It is customary for a Chinese 
host to ask a guest who seems to 
have finished the meal: 

Nin chi bao le ma? Have you had (eaten) 
enough? The guest is expected to 
reply: U mjo & 1 M 0 Mf'lt^o ChT 
bao le. Duo xie. Nin manman chi. 

Yes, I have. Thank you. Please take your 
time to eat. 



6 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



baohe adj saturated 
baoman adj full, plump 
30 trad fix I n newspaper (same 
J K as baozhT) 

^IMkanbao read a newspaper 
II v respond, reciprocate 
MtJl baochou v avenge, revenge 
MSW baochou n renumeration, reward 
MMilrti baochou hen gao well-paid 
•HIPJ baodao v report for duty, register 
Mill baodao (or baodao) I v report 
(news), cover II n news story 
^fe^IHldujia baodao exclusive report 
^AMillshenru baodao in-depth report 
^E^^ilxianchang baodao on-the-spot 
(“alive”) report 

MM bao' en v pay a debt of gratitude 
Mil baofu v retaliate, revenge 
Mpf baogao I v report, make known 
II n report, talk (at a large-scale meeting) 
(f# fen) 

caiwu baogao financial report 
rnTmi baogao confidential 

report 

MPJ baokan n newspapers and periodi- 
cals, the press 

baokao v enter oneself for an 
examination 

MS baommg v enter one’s name, sign 
up, apply for (a place in school) 

Mfi baoshe n newspaper office 

baoxiao v submit an expense ac- 
count, get reimbursement 
ffjBR baozhT N newspaper (M zhang, 
fen) 

note: In colloquial Chinese, M bao is of- 
ten used instead of baozhT, e.g.: fft# 
#li4 , 3dOT? NT kandedong Zhongwen 
bao ma? Can you understand Chinese 
newspapers? 



beiguan 



m 



bao v hold ... in arms, embrace, hug 



fSjM baofu n aspiration, ambition 

baoqian adj apologetic, be sorry, 
regretful 

baoyuan v complain, grumble 



bao adj fierce and brutal 



il^J baodong n rebellion, insurrection 
baoll n violence, brutal force 

baofi dianyTng violent movie 
you baoli qlngxiang have a 
tendency to violence 
HU baolu v expose, lay bare 
HM baoyu n rainstorm, torrential rain 
ikS bao v explode 



!£ baofa v break out, burst out 
IT® baopo v demolish with dynamite 
baozha I v explode II n explosion 

zlshS zhadan baozha the 
explosion of a suicide bomb 

n cup, mug, glass (K zhT) 






Pf-p beizi cup, mug, glass 
^l^chabei teacup 
ijffFjiubei wine glass 
— ‘ffj&Sgyl bei cha/jiu a cup of tea, a 
glass of wine 

note: t-F bei may denote either cup , mug , 
or glass, fF bei is seldom used alone. It 
is usually suffixed with -jF* zi: IF"? beizi, 
or combined with ^ cha or ® jiu: j^|F 
chabei, yj§FF jiubei. 

bei v carry ... on the back 

m 

bei bao n backpack, knapsack 

adj 1 low and humble 2 mean, 
contemptible 
fftft beibi adj contemptible, despicable 

-Sf-MP/hA beibT xiaoren despicable 
person/people 

bei n stone tablet 



jinianbei monument 
^|b bei n grieved 
7i£> 

bei'ai adj deeply grieved 
beican adj miserable, tragic 
beifen adj very sad and angry, filled 
with grief and indignation 
beiguan adj pessimistic 



7 




?JS'J beiju 

^ beiguanzhuyi pessimism 
nMEiif beiguanzhe pessimist 
tIM'J beiju n tragedy 

beishang adj deeply sorrowful 
beitong adj deeply grieved, ago- 
nized, with deep sorrow 
bei n north, northern 



4b' 



4bi& beibian n north side, to the north, in 
the north 

4b7f beifang n northern region 
4b^beijf the North Pole (« — the north 
extreme) 

4bl&Jlbeiji'xTng the North Star, Polaris 
4bK Beijing n Beijing (Peking) (the capi- 
tal of the People’s Republic of China) 
4bM beimian n Same as 4fci£ beibian 
bei trad Sc n generation, lifetime 



j n 



bei 



trad M n shellfish 



J/l'H; beike n shell 

rrr bei trad H Na legendary beast, 
similar to the wolf 
bei trad fit v prepare 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



eipo v be forced to, be compelled to 
IJrP beizi n quilt, blanket (& tiao) 
jf b ei m. word (-fold, times) 

beishu n (in math) multiple 
-he ben v run fast 

# 

benchf v (of animals and vehicles) 
run fast, speed 

benpao v run fast, whizz 
benteng v gallop 
ben I n principal, capital 






beiwanglu n memorandum, memo 
1 beiyong v reserve, spare 

beiyong luntai spare tire 
bei trad M adj fatigued 

dfcbei ivi turn away, leave, go away 
^ 2 learn by heart II n back 
T=fIIf beimian n reverse side, the back of 
an object 

bei pan v betray 

' beipan...de xinren betray 

the trust of ... 

T^i j{| beisong v repeat from memory 
UP'C? beixln n vest, waistcoat 
-*rf* bei prep by (introducing the doer 
l of an action) 

WMl beidong adj passive 

beidongshi (in grammar) the 
passive voice 

WzfotfkM beidong xlyan passive smoking 
WlrCA) beigao(ren) N defendant 



Dlo^tpei ben lose one’s capital in invest- 
ments or other business dealings 

II m. wd (for books, magazines, etc.) 

— yi ben shu a book 

III adj this one, one’s own 

note: ben in the sense of this one is 

only used on formal occasions. 

bendi N this locality 
benlai adv originally, at first 
benllng N skill, ability, capability 
benneng n instinct, intuition 
^c^fi^I^tbqiusheng de benneng the 
instinct to survive 

benqian n the money with which 
one makes investments or conducts other 
business dealings, capital 
2 j£|l benshi n ability, capability 

note: 2 f£|pi benling and benshi are 
synonyms, but benlTng emphasizes 
skills while ^Ifl benshi has a more 
general sense of “the ability to get things 
done” and may be used with negative 
connotations. 

2j£j*£benxing n natural character, inherent 
quality 

benzhi n innate character, true nature 
2^-?- benzi n notebook ( 2 |£ ben) 

A/r ben ADJ dumb, stupid 



bendan n fool, idiot 

benzhong adj heavy and cumbersome 

benzhuo adj clumsy 



8 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



m 



beng v collapse 



bengkul v collapse, crumble 
£jjjj beng trad M v stretch tight 

HI# bengdai n bandage 

beng ADV (contraction of 
) ! buyong) don’t 
^ beng v jump 

bengchuang trampoline 
ilSlSSfJii bengji'tiao bungee jump 

v 1 force, compel 2 get close to, 
as press on towards 
iMi£ bljin v close in on, gain on 
ilit. bTpo v force, coerce 
bf n nose 



bfzf the nose 
H-ifl brti n nasal mucus 
vv b > I prep (introducing the object 
that is compared with the subject of 
a sentence) , than II v compete, compare, 
contrast 

tbTf bTfang n example, analogy 
•fTtbTf da bTfang make an analogy 
tbi)* bTfen n score (of a game or sporting 
competition) 

fb'ffi' bTjia n 1 price ratio 2 exchange rate 
tb$& bTjiao I v compare 

he... bTjiao compare ... with 
II adv relatively, quite, to some degree 
ttm bTPi n percentage 
tb$P blru conj for example 

NOTE: In spoken Chinese you can also use 
tb#fli& bTrushuo. 

tb^fl bTsai I v compete, have a match II n 
competition, match, game 
tb#! @ bTsai xiang mu event (of a 
sports meet) 

##Htb|§canjia bTsai participate in a 
game (or sports event) 

■ -tbH he/gen. ..bTsai have a 
match/race with 

f-ftH kan bTsai watch a game/sports 
event 



Bishengke 

kbBfu bTyu n metaphor 
kbit bTzhong n 1 specific gravity 2 pro- 
portion 

bT adj low, base (See beibT) 

Ag bT trad ® n writing instmment, 
ri pen, pencil (j£ zhT) 
ffPilgangbT fountain pen 
jMl^huabT paintbrush (for art) 
maobT Chinese writing brush 
yuanzhubT ballpen 

3!iB bTjT n notes (taken in class or while 
reading) 

iB^liBji bTjT take notes (in class, at a 
lecture, etc.) 

ffc^IiBzud bTji make notes (while read- 
ing). 

^liB^ bTjT ben n notebook 

bTjT ben diannao notebook 

computer 

UMi bTjT n handwriting 
l^iA^SEbianren bTjT decipher some- 
one’s handwriting 

bTshT n written test, written examina- 
tion 

bTzhi adj perfectly straight 
«■* pron that, the other 

tifcitb bTcT pron each other 
m bl adj green 

bllu adj green, dark green 
bi v cover, conceal (See $1,15 yTnbi) 



btS b trad v die (See qiangbl) 

-c bl trad rf? n currency (See Al^rfi 
Renminbi) 

Ug? bl n paralysis (See mabi) 

/3HT 

r y bl I adv certainly, inevitably 
II modal v must 

i&/Ii biding adv certainly, definitely 
bTjia ng adv will surely 
biran adj inevitable, be bound to 
Bishengke n Pizza Hut (Restau- 
rant) 



9 




'iMt b'ixiu 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



bixiu adj compulsory (courses, 
subjects of study) 

'iMiHIcbixiGke compulsory subject, 
required course 
•j&M bixu modal v must 
i&ft bixu v must have 
$flnn bixupTn daily necessities 
i&H biyao adj necessary 

biyao tiaojian necessary condi- 
tion 

bb bi TRAD ^ v finish 

bijing adv after all, anyway 
biye v graduate from school 
f b TRAD v close, shut up 



03 1 



NOTE: BMf! BizuT! Shut your mouth! is a 
very impolite expression to tell people to 
stop talking. You can also say 
Bi shang ni de zui! Shut your mouth! 

03 U bimu v the curtain falls (of a theatri- 
cal performance, an event, etc.), close 
bimushi n closing ceremony 
0311 bise adj cut off from the outside 
world, secluded 

!^ bl n fraud, corrupt practice 

{^l^zudbi cheat (especially in examina- 
tions) 

wubi be engaged in fraud, miscon- 
duct or malpractice 

bibing n malpractice, disadvantage 
jghi v evade, avoid 

bimian v avoid, avert 
biyun n contraception, birth control 
j^^^biyuntao condom 

biyunyao contraceptive pill 
b! n wall (See gebi) 

bl n arm 

w , 

yi bi zhi li a helping hand 
bian n whip 

fH-^bianzi whip (^ tiao) 



& 



biance v spur on, urge on 
bianpao N firecracker 

bian pa o set off firecrackers 
bian TRAD n side, border 



note: The most frequent use of ji bian is 
to form “compound location nouns”: 3ft 
ii dongbian east side, nanbian south 
side, xTbian west side, 4bi& beibian 
north side, MJi& iTbian inside, £f\i£ waibian 
outside. bian in such cases is often 
pronounced in the neutral tone. 

• • ifr bian. ..bian conj (used with verbs 
to indicate simultaneous actions) 
bianfang n frontier defense 

bianfang budui frontier guards 
bianfang jianchazhan 
frontier checkpoint 

i£l§ bianjiang n border area 

bianjiang diqu border area 
bianjie n border (between two 
countries) 

bianjie xian boundary (between 
two countries) 

ifrfji bianjing n frontier, border 
bianyuan n edge, periphery 
i£i|$ 0 &bianyuan zhuangtai border- 
line case 

bian TRAD M v compile, compose 

^77 bianhao n serial number 

huzhao bianhao passport’s 
serial number 

lifif bianjf I v edit, compile II n editor 
caijTng bianjf finance editor 
teyue bianjf contributing edi- 
tor 

<&4M£z5ngbianjf chief editor 

bianzh v 1 weave, braid 2 draw up 
(a plan, a computer programme, etc.) 
bian v reduce, derogate 



w 



jfelK biandi v belittle, play down 
MiO'JA^l^c^biandT bieren de 
chengji belittle someone’s achievements 
bianzhf v devalue, depreciate 



10 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



j*ffi!£4j|hudb'i bianzhi' currency de- 
valuation 

bian adj flat 






bian trad f! v transform, change 

biancheng v change into 
biandong v 1 alter, change 2 (of 
organizations) reshuffle, reorganize 

renshi biandong reshuffle of 

personnel 

3*^ biange v transform, change 
biangeng v alter, modify 
^M$^7$l^biangeng luxfng luxian 
change one’s itinerary 

bianhua I v transform, change 
^3£73'ffcqianbian wanhua always in a 
state of flux, everchanging 
II n transfomation, change 
E^C^I-bjuda bianhua tremendous 
changes 

note: As a verb bianhua is inter- 
changeable with ^ bian, ^Syf-fc bianhua 
being a little more formal than ^ bian. 

^£$<1 bianhuan v vary, alternate 
bianqian v change, evolve 
bianxfng v deform, transfigure 

bianxfng jln'gang transformer 

(a toy) 

bianzhi v change the nature of, 
deteriorate 



m 



, Used only in written Chinese, 
ill biandao n shortcut 
$] bianli adj convenient, easy 

biantiao n informal written message 
biantiao leave a note 
'fH'T bianyu v be easy to, be convenient for 
> bian trad m v argue, debate 



w 



bian ge mfngbai debate until 
the truth is out 

bianhu v speak in defense of 

bianhu lush! defense lawyer, 
defense counselor 
fill? bianjie v try to defend oneself 



^biao 

wuli de bianjie feeble 

excuses 

bianlun I v debate II n debate (i% 
chang) 

— -^HH^juxi'ng yi chang bianlun 
hold a debate 

bian v distinguish, discriminate 

I##!] bianbie v distinguish, tell ... from ... 
I^^ll^^bianbie shifei distinguish what 
is right from what is wrong 
HiA bianren v identify, recognize 
IlfiAH^B bianren zuifan identify a 
criminal 

bian trad HI n pigtail, braid 

bianzi pigtail, braid tiao) 
bian m. wd (for frequency of an 
1 action done in its complete duration 
from start to end) 
ifiM biandi n everywhere 
biao trad v mark 

W 

Ijvfc biaoben n sample, specimen 
^^t^fccaijf biaoben collect samples 
or specimen 

biaodian n punctuation mark 

biaodian fuhao punctuation 

marks 

biaotf n title, heading 

da biaotf banner headline 
biaoyu N slogan 
biaozhi n sign, mark 

shehui diwei de biaozhi 

status symbol 

biaozhun I n standard, criterion 
fvp^l^i^fuhe biaozhun conform to the 
standard 

dadao biaozhun reach the 

standard 

II adj standard, perfect 
T dh> 1 biao trad n watch (^ kuai, 

M zhT) 

|j:ft nan biao men’s watch 
icftnu biao ladies’ watch 
•zjz 2 biao N form (^ zhang, fen) 



11 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



^biao 

^ 3 biao v express, show 

biaobiao xTny'i show one’s 
goodwill (or gratitude) 

biaoda v express (thoughts or emo- 
tions) 

Sffi biaomian n surface 

biaomian wenzhang some- 
thing done just for the show, pay lip 
service 

biaommg v make clear, demonstrate 
biaoqfng n facial expression 
“Tt/^lft^lWyTfu yansu de biaoqfng 
with a serious expression 
biaoshi v express , show 
biaoxian v 1 display, show 2 perform 
biaoyan I v put on (a show), perform, 
demonstrate II n performance, show 
chang) 

canjia biaoyan participate in a 
performance/demonstration 
^^iflkan biaoyan watch a perform- 
ance 

-$k$>3 biaoyang v praise, commend 
m biaozhang v commend, honor 

biG v suppress resentment with ef- 
>1?’ fort, contain oneself 
^^tfebie bu zhu cannot contain one- 
self, unable to hold oneself back 
jjjj 1 biG adv don’t 

note: $iJ bie is a contraction of 

buyao in an imperative sentence. It is only 

used colloquially. 

2 biG pron other, the other 






#!]#t biechu n other place(s), elsewhere 
biede pron other 

#JA bieren pron other people, others 
biezi n a character which is not writ- 
ten or pronounced correctly 
jjjJ 3 biG n farewell 

pf#!] gaobie bid farewell 
^jj|j biG See bieniu 



#!j|H bieniu adj awkward, uncomfortable 
liMInao bieniu to be at odds with 
someone, to be difficult with someone; 
make difficulties for someone 

>ipb» bln TRAD R N guest 

ll^jiabTn distinguished guest, guest 
speaker 

blnguan n guesthouse 
bln trad ot n shore, bank 



w 



MM ha i bln seashore 
* bTn » n ice 

ftMfUL bfnggunr n flavored popsicle 
blngqflfn n ice cream 
blngxiang n refrigerator 

dian blngxiang refrigerator 
blng n soldier 

dang blng be a soldier, serve in the 
armed forces 

bTng trad n cake (K zhT) 

At#dabmg sesame cake (a breakfast 
food) 

j&tjf laobTng pancake 
^tjfyuebTng mooncake (for the Mid- 
Autumn Festival) 

i#-p blnggan n cookie(s), biscuit(s) (it 
pian, & bao) 

— 'S'fcjHPyi bao blnggan a package of 
cookies 

— AI^FPyf pian blnggan a cookie 
j-fT bTng n the third of the “Celestial 
Stems,” the third 
« b,n9 n handle, stem 

^ bTng v hold in hand 

blng trad M I adv (used before a 
I negative word for emphasis) II conj 
Same as bingqie. Used only in writ- 
ten Chinese. Ill v combine, incorporate 

note: # bing is used to emphasize nega- 
tion. It is not grammatically essential; 



12 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



without bing the sentences still stand. 
The following is perfectly acceptable: 

mm ( # 

Shiqing (bing) bu xiang nf xiangxiang de 
name jiandan. Things are not as simple as 
you imagine. 

bingcun v co-exist 
bingfei adv not, not at all 

bingfei rue! not like that 
bing pa i v be side by side, be abreast 
with 

bingqie conj moreover, what’s more, 
and 

bing I v fall ill, be ill II n illness, 
/r3 disease 

|$^feibing lung disease, tuberculosis 
M '14-^ j i xi n g bi n g acute disease 
tlltt^fmanxingbing chronic disease 
^^sheng bing to fall ill 
bingchuang N hospital bed 
•JWilliF bingchonghai n plant diseases and 
insect pests 
•IWH bingdu n virus 

diannao bingdu computer 

virus 

bingfang n (hospital) ward 
/ J''JLf4^-^xiao'erke bingfang pedia- 
trics ward 

M^^zhongbingfang intensive care 
ward 

bing jia n sick leave 
if^HitqTng bingjia ask for/apply for 
sick leave 

•fpfjij bingjun n pathogenic bacteria 
HWHf bingqfng n patient’s conditions 
•IpfA bingren n patient 
\limA menzhen bingren outpatient 
zhuyuan bingren inpatient 
(warded patient) 

bingshi N medical record 
bo v peel, strip 



fj 1 

#■* n ripple, wave 

bodong v fluctuate (like a wave) 



?0 bo 

qfngxu bodong constantly 
changing moods 
bolang n wave 
botao n high wave 

xiongyong botao roaring waves 
bo n glass 






; boli n glass 
'bolibei glass 

gfcfflitf bolichuang glass window, glass 
pane 

n spinach 

M 

bocai spinach 

^|j| v 1 sow 2 broadcast 

bofang v broadcast (radio or TV 
programs) 

flfi^ boson g v broadcast (radio programs) 
MW boyln v broadcast (radio programs) 
MWM boylnyuan newsreader 
Mf# bozhong v sow seeds 
4 4l\ bO Trad fivi stir with a finger or 
stick 2 allocate 

bokuan v allocate funds, appropriate 
(money) 

‘ * bo n Same as {0;$£ bofu 



{ 0 1 



103£ bofu n father’s elder brother 

note: f03£ bofu is also a form of address 
for men older than your father but not old 
enough to be your grandfather. The col- 
loquialism for f05£ bofu is {0{0 bobo. 

{015 bomu n father’s elder brother’s wife 

note: -(0# bomu is also a form of ad- 
dress for women older than your mother 
but not old enough to be your grandmoth- 
er. It is generally used by well-educated 
urban Chinese. 



r bo 



ADJ vigorous 



n b6 n ship 

bo v (of ships) anchor, moor 



13 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



® bo 

ig^bo trad -lx v refute 

ixiT boch'i v refute, rebut 
n neck 

Jj^-^bozi neck 

adj 1 plentiful, abundant 2 wide, 
TT extensive 
boke n blogger 

boke luntan blog 

note: hlW boke is a transliteration of 
blogger. To blog, i.e. write as a blogger, is 
S?H£ xie bo. 

bolanhui n exposition, exhibi- 
tion, fair 

®^f#ji&^shljie bolanhui World Expo- 
sition, World Expo 
f$± boshi n doctor, Ph.D. 

boshisheng Ph.D. candidate 
boshisheng daoshl Ph.D. 

supervisor 

WdtJS boshi hou post-doctorate 
fl|±^jjL boshi xuewei Ph.D. degree 
1 |$Mlt bowuguan n museum 

fWlt lishT bowuguan museum of 
history 

JJjJ bb N aiTn ^ ee gebo) 

j^rbo v be engaged in a hand-to-hand 
" combat, fight 
bodou v battle, wrestle 
Tig bo adj meager, small 

— yi fen bo li an insignificant gift 

note: The character fif has two pronuncia- 
tions: bao and bo. While M bao is used 
to describe material “thin-ness,” (eg. 

yi tiao bao beizi a thin blanket ), W- 
bo is used in a figurative sense. See m bao 
for examples. 

bomo n membrane, film 
lUfi boruo adj frail, weak 

bo v jerk (See Mm. dianbo) 



h 



bo trad Hj (See ^ h luobo) 
bu v catch, arrest 



h 



bulao v catch (fish) 
bu v divine, predict 



7^ h5fc£tlwei bu xian zhi have foresight, 
foresee 

bu trad v mend, patch 



# 



?Hzf buchang v compensate, make up 
buchong v make up, supplement 
bujiu v remedy 

bujiu banfa corrective meas- 
ure, remedial measure 

buke v make up for missed lessons 
butie I n subsidy II v subsidize 
buxi v take or give supplementary 
lessons 

#3i!£bux.'ban (after school) class 
Thlij buzhu n subsidy, grant-in-aid 
bu adv no, not 






note: When followed by a syllable in the 
fourth (falling) tone, T'' undergoes tone 
change (tone sandhi) from the normal 
fourth tone to the second (rising) tone, e.g. 
budui, bushi. 



bubi adv need not, not have to, un- 
necessarily 

vT'fb bubY v unlike 

^2# M#!l bu cf er bie idiom leave without 
saying good-bye, take French leave 
bucuo adj 1 not wrong 2 quite right, 
not bad, quite good 

note: ...de bucuo is ambigu- 

ous. It may mean either ... correctly or ... 
rather well. For example, the sentence: 

NT shuo de bucuo. may mean 
either You spoke correctly. ( — ► You’re 
right.) or You spoke quite well. ( — > Well 
said.) 

buda adv not very, not much 
^fB budan conj not only ... (but also) 



14 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



MJL...budan erqie conj not 
only but also ... 

budang adj improper, unsuitable 
budebu adv have to, have no 
choice but 

budeliao I adj horrible, extremely 
serious II adv extremely (used after an 
adjective and introduced by # de) 

budeyT adj having no alternative 
but to ..., acting against one’s will 
budeng v vary, differ 
buding adj indefinite, not sure 
*§T buduan adv without interruption, 
continuously, incessantly 
bufa adj illegal, lawless 
bufa fenzi criminal 
bufa xrngwei illegal act, illegal 

practice 

bufang adv might as well 
bugandang idiom Thank you, I 
don’t dare to accept (a polite/modest 
reply to a compliment) 

bugong adj unfair, unjust 
>1^ bugou adj not enough, insufficient 
bugu I v disregard II prep in spite of 
buguan conj no matter (what, who, 
how, etc.) 

note: T'l? buguan may be replaced by T' 
bulun or wulun, but buguan 
is more colloquial. 

buguo conj Same as {Mlk danshi. 
Used colloquially. 

bu haoyisi idiom I’m embar- 
rassed (a polite phrase used when you 
are offering an apology, giving a gift, 
or receiving a gift or other acts of kind- 
ness) 

note: bu haoyisi literally means 

I’m embarrassed. It is easy to understand 
why you say it when you are apologizing 
or receiving a gift. When you are giving a 
gift, however, you also say it to imply that 
the gift is so insignificant that you feel 
embarrassed about it. 

>FjjEL bujian v disappear, be lost 



butong 

bu jiande adv not necessarily, 
unlikely 

bujTn adv cannot help oneself from, 
cannot refrain from 
JftiSL bujm conj Same as T'fM budan. 
Tends to be used in writing. 

X bujiu adv not long afterwards, in the 
near future, soon 

bukan I v cannot bear, cannot stand 
bukan shexiang (of conse- 
quences) too serious to face, very bad 
II adv (used after an adjective) utterly 
®L^i®hunluan bukan in utter chaos 
bukui v be worthy of, deserve to be 
called 

bull adj unfavorable, disadvanta- 
geous 

> 514 - buliao adv unexpectedly 

bulun conj Same as buguan. 
Used more in writing. 

buman adj Same as bumanyi 

dissatisfied 

bumian adv unavoidable, inevitable, 
would only be natural 

biipmg n injustice, resentment 
buran conj otherwise, or 

note: To be more emphatic, you can use 
buran de hua instead of 
buran, as in this sentence: jfcSlJij&T, 

( NT bie shu5 le, 

buran (de hua) wo zhen yao shengqi le. 
Don’t say any more, or I’ll really be angry. 

burong v not tolerate, not allow 
bum v be not as good as, not as ... as 
bushao adj quite a few 
^te bushi N fault, blame 

• -rfiki:- • • bu shi...er shi... conj not 
... but ... 

^v*|- ■ -SOI' ■ ■ bu shi...jiushi... conj either 
... or ... 

^04“ bushi adv now and then, from time 
to time 

buting adv without letup, incessantly 
^[i] butong adj not the same, different 
...he/gen. ..butong ... is/ 
are different from ... 



15 




Tf# bu xi 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



^v|f bu x v not hesitate, not spare 

bu xi gongben spare neither 
labor or money, spare no expense 

buxianghua adj totally unreason- 
able, outrageous 

bu xiang shang xia idiom 
equally matched, be as good as 
buxing adj unfortunate 

note: buxing is used to describe 

serious events or matters, often involving 
death. Do not use buxing for trivial 
matters. For example, even though in 
English it is acceptable to say, “Unfortu- 
nately, I haven’t seen the film,” in Chinese 
it would be wrong to say 

Wo buxing meiyou kanguo 
nage dianying. 



>[vfT buxmg adj 1 will not do, not al- 
lowed 2 not (be) good (at ...) 

^^5 biixiu adj immortal 

biixu v not permitted, not allowed 
bu yan er yii idiom it goes 
without saying, it is self-evident 
buyao adv (used in an imperative 
sentence or as advice) do not 

note: See note on £ij bie. 



^ JC buyf adv unsuitable 

buyong adv no need, there’s no 
need, don’t have to 

bu youde adv cannot but, cannot 

help 

buzaihu v not mind, not care 
man buzaihu not care at all, 
couldn’t care less 

bu zenmeyang adv not up to 
too much, not very 

^lh buzhi adv more than, not limited to 
buzhi adv not only 

buzhiyu adv not as far as, not so 

bad as 

buz adj inadequate, insufficient 
zTjln buzu insufficient funds 
l bu n cotton or linen cloth (:(& kuai, 
Jt Plan) 

mianbu cotton cloth, cotton material 






2 bu trad v arrange, deploy 



bugao I v announce publicly II n 
public announcement, bulletin 

buju layout, overall arrangement 
buzhi v decorate, furnish 
jjbbu n dock, port 

r K bll n step, pace 

w 

buzi step, pace 

xia yf bu the next step, the next 

stage 

/JzJsc bublng n infantry, infantryman 
bufa n step, pace 
buzhou n procedure, steps 
1f bCl v fear (See kongbu) 

•frit bll n part, unit 

PP 

bPPA, budui n troops, the army 
b P ip bufen n portion, part 
^CpPipda bufen most of ..., the majority 
of ... 



bP# bujian n component, part 
bPH bumen n department 
8W bushu I v map out, deploy II n plan 
fP'fe buwei n in position, location 
sP-fc buzhang n (government) minister 
jiaoyu buzhang minister of 

education 

waijiao buzhang minister of 
foreign affairs, foreign minister 



C 




Ca v clean or erase by wiping or 

rubbing 

Ca i v guess 



caice v guess, conjecture 
caixiang v suppose, conjecture 
-JU 1 Ca i trad Wk adv 1 (before a verb) 
a short time ago, just 2 (used before 
a word of time or quantity to indicate 
that the speaker feels the time is too 



16 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



## cankao 



early, too short or the quantity is too 
little), only, as early as, as few/little as 
3 (used after a word of time to indicate 
that the speaker feels the time is too late 
or there is too much delay) as late as 
2 Cai n talent, remarkable ability 



t 



caigan n talent, competence 

you caigan capable and talented 
caineng N talent, ability 
yfil? caizhi n talent and high intelligence, 
ability and wisdom 

trad M n wealth, property 

M/^caichan n property, belongings 
't'AMf 51 geren caichan private prop- 
erty, personal belongings 
Mil caifu n wealth, fortune 
Mi* caijTng n finance and economy 
Mz; caikuai n finance and accounting 
M^r^Ik caikuai zhuanye the profes- 
sion (or department) of finance and 
accounting 

note: # is pronounced kuai here, not hui. 

Mt) ciali N financial capacity 
M& caiwu n financial affairs, finance 
M^oPH caiwu bumen department(s) of 
finance (in a company or an institution) 
caiwu zhuren director of 
finance (in a company or an institution) 
Mlfccaizheng n public finance 
Mi ifcnfl caizhengbu the Ministry of 
Finance 

caizheng niandu fiscal year 
» Cai n material 



w 



M$4cailiao N 1 materials, e.g. steel, 
timber, plastic 2 data (for a thesis, a 
report, etc.) 

-H ». Cai v 1 cut into parts, cut down 
2 judge, decide 

i£it caifeng n tailor, dressmaker 
i£iJi|Sc caijian v cut down, reduce 
caijue v judge, rule 
caipan I v 1 (in law) judge 2 (in 
sports) act as referee or umpire 



II n referee, umpire (fiz wei, & ming) 
iil^Jdang caipan act as a referee 
f^lJMcaipanyuan n Same as 
caipan II 

caiyuan v reduce staff 
Tf? CS « trad ^ v pick, gather 

7 jci^f caifang v (of mass media) interview 
:5jcjj$) caigou v (corporate) purchase 

caigouyuan purchasing agent 
yfcM caiji v gather, collect 

caijf biaoben collect (plant, 
insect, etc.) specimen 
caina v accept, adopt 
^I^I^i^caina jianyi accept a proposal 
caiqu v adopt (a policy, a measure, 
an attitude, etc.) 

caiyong v use, employ 

A caiyong xln jishu adopt a 
new technique 

u?/ Cai adj colorful, multi-colored 

&W caipiao n lottery, lottery ticket 
caise adj multi-colored 
Cai v step on, tread on 

0^7} Cai v pay attention to 



m 



cai n 1 vegetables 



zhong cai grow vegetables 

2 any non- staple food such as vegeta- 
bles, meat, fish, eggs etc 

m^mai cai buy non-staple food, do 
grocery shopping 

3 cooked dish 

,^^dian cai order a dish (in a restau- 
rant) 

4*0^: Zhongguocai Chinese dishes, 
Chinese food 
caidan n menu 
can trad # v call, enter 

canguan v visit (a place) 
iMiW canjia v 1 join 2 participate, attend 
iNir cankao v consult, refer to 
IM? A cankao shu reference book(s) 



17 




canmou 

jfn gong cankao for reference 

only 

#i! canmou I v offer advice II n 1 staff 
officer 

canmouzhang chief of staff 
2 advice 

wo dang canmou give 

me advice 

fHSUH canylyuan n senator 

canyiyuan N senate, the Senate 
caiyu v participate, involve 
#lH canyue v consult (a book, a periodi- 
cal, etc.) 

#M canzhao v use as reference, refer to 
Can n meal 



— 0 3fr yTri sancan three meals a day 
canche n dining car (on a train) 
#jf canting n restaurant 

Can trad H adj damaged, savage 

canbao adj ferocious, brutal 
^IIWMI&^ncanbao de ducai 
tongzhi tyrannical dictatorship 
canjf adj disabled 
^^Acanjfren disabled person(s) 

$||n canku adj cruel, brutal 
canren adj cruel, merciless 
^ffi^^W^-llshTyong canrende 
shouduan with most cruel means 
canyu adj remnants, survivors 
JBsM canzhang Same as canji 
nr n trad f®T n shame 

cankul adj be ashamed 
. can trad JR n silkworm tiao) 



^4* can trad w adj miserable, tragic 



Ml 1 



: adj brilliant 



can Ian adj magnificent, splendid 
^cang trad n storage 

cangcu adj hasty, hurried 
■^i^^icangcu hqu leave in a hurry 
^^cangku n warehouse 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



-fcH cang trad If n dark green 

cangbai adj pallid, pale 
cangying n housefly 

Icangying pai flyswatter 



jhA. cang trad Hi n cabin (in a ship or 
an airplane) 

jlngjicang economy class (on a 

plane) 

shangwucang business class (on 
a plane) 

toudengcang first class (on a 

plane) 

cang v hide, conceal 

iSi^^zhuo mfcang hide-and-seek 
Cao n drill, exercise 

caochang n sports ground, playground 
(® ^^_b(zai) caochang shang on the 
sports ground 

caolao v toil, work very hard 
caolian v drill, practice, train 
caoxln v deeply concern, be at pains 
fHUA. caozong v control, operate 
JWfc caozuo v operate 

caozuo shouce operating 

manual 

caozuo xitong operating system 
4 n4£? Cao n trough 



^Wtiaocao abandon one’s job in favor 
of another, get a new job 
-ifer Cao n grass, weed (f$ ke) 

■¥• 

f^jjiLyecao weed 

cao'an n draft (of a plan, proposal, a 
document, etc.) 

caodi n 1 lawn 2 meadow 
caoshuai adj careless, sloppy 
caoyuan n grassland, steppe, pasture 
jjjj. CG m. wd (used for books) volume 

liangqian ce tushu two 
thousand [volumes of] books 
C trad Mil N toilet 



18 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



chaxun 



If#? cesuo n toilet 

^^M^fgonggong cesuo public toilet 
IIM^rnancesuo men’s toilet 
AMEJfnucesuo women’s toilet 

note: See note on xTshoujian (in 

m*). 

>|,J C trad W\ v measure, gauge 

JUaE ceding v determine (the position, 
speed, etc.) by measuring 
if!® celiang v survey, measure 
I'M ceshi v test 

ifijjf cesuan v measure and calculate 

cesuan youhai qitT 
paifangliang calculate the emission of 
harmful gases 

ceyan I v test (in a school) II n test, 
examination 

M'Ji&jiSS ceyan tlmu test questions. 

||[J c6 ' N side 

dalou de youce the right 
side of the building 
II v incline, lean 
$!lHf cemian n side, flank 

CG n plan (See zhengce) 

jjtic!] cehua v plan (an event, a theatrical 
performance, etc.) 

Jjl$JAcehuaren planner 
m celiie n tactics 
WH^Wyou celiie de tactful 

M ceng trad i m. wd story (storey), 
level, floor 

note: See note on ^ lou. 



It Cha n fork (Jfli ba) 



% 



X'Fchazi fork (jE ba) 

Chi n 1 difference, discrepancy 

0^11 shlcha time difference (between 
time zones) 

2 mistake, error 
H#!l chabie N disparity, gap 

chengxiang chabie the urban- 

rural gap 

Ufa chacuo n error, fault 

meiyou chacuo error-free 
Hi® chaju n gap, disparity 
^11 111® pm-fii chaju the gap between 
rich and poor 

Hlr chayi n diversity, difference 
ft| ch§ v insert, stick in 

Mifcz^Achahua yishu the art of flower 
arrangement 

chayang v transplant rice seedlings 
** chazuT v interrupt by saying some- 
thing 

Cha n tea 

& 

cha bei teacup 
^llcha dai teabag 
:|^f|cha hu teapot 
chaye tea leaf 
hongcha black tea 
lucha green tea 
H|§^: he cha drink tea 
^■tjl chaguan n teahouse 

chahua hui n tea party 
-7[C chi v check, investigate, look up 



cengci n 1 administrative or educa- 
tional level 2 arrangement of ideas in 
writing or colors in painting 

ceng adv Same as If £5 cengjing. 
0 Used more in writing. 

cengjing adv once, formerly 

note: cengjing is used to emphasize 

that an action or situation took place in 
the past. 



l^jfJJlcha cfdian look up words in a 
dictionary 

cha ban v investigate and punish 
rirUE cha hud v hunt down and seize (sto- 
len goods, criminals, etc.) 

chaining v investigate and clarify, 
prove after an investigation 
chaxun v inquire about 
^i^-^fii^illHI^dianhua haoma cha- 
xun fuwu telephone directory service 



19 




SRI chayue 

SRI chayue v search (reference books, 
documents, etc.) 

SRIi^WW^tHUc^ chayue wu nian 
qian de tongjl shuz'i search the statistics 
from five years ago 

Chi v examine, look over closely 
(See MM guancha, WM jTngcha) 

Chi I n branching off 
U4 

^T^chalu fork (in a road) 

II v change the subject 

dacha interrupt and change the 
subject (of a talk) 

Chi I v be short of, lack in II adj 
poor, not up to standard 
Upp^ chabuduo adv 1 more or less the 
same 2 almost 

Hj&JL chadianr adv almost, nearly 
Chi trad v be surprised 

chayi v be surprised, be amazed 
W eha v take apart, demolish 

chaichu v demolish and remove 
tfcS'F chaichuan v expose (a lie, a plot, etc.) 
•jjf chaiqian v demolish (a dwelling) and 
relocate (inhabitants) 

Xfcbchai n firewood (See huochai) 

A< 

chaiyou N diesel oil 

4^ Chan trad j|vi help by the arm 
2 mix, mingle 
Chan trad 4P n cicada 

ffffo Chan trad IH adj too fond of eat- 
ing, gluttonous 

I^i^zuTchan too fond of eating 
Zfm Chan TRAD IS v 1 wind, twine 
2 pester 

Chan trad jH v produce 



t 



chandi n origin of manufacturing 
chanliang N (production) output, 
yield 

chan pm n product 
chansheng v produce, give rise to, 
lead to 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



chanwu n outcome, result 
f^ik chanye n property, estate 
chanzhf N output value 
chan trad II n spade 

chanzi spade 

K chin trad fM v explain 

chanmmg v explain clearly, clarify 
lUiji chanshu v elaborate, explain 
raTt Chan trad M v quiver, vibrate 



IPJj chandong v quiver, shake 
IIX4 chandou v (of people) tremble, 
shake 

|3 Chang v prosper 

1=3 

H^changsheng adj prosperous, 
flourishing 

Chang ADJ ferocious 



II 



changkuang adj ferocious, savage 
chanq trad ^ adj long 

Changcheng n the Great Wall (a 
historic landmark in Northern China) 
changchu n strong point, merit, 
strength 

changdu n length 

■^Mchangduan N 1 length 2 right and 
wrong 3 mishap, accident 

note: See note on daxiao. 

-fcyl Changjiang n the Yangtze River 
(China’s longest river) 

chang pao n long-distance running 
changpao yundongyuan 
long-distance runner 

changql n a long period of time 
changshou adj enjoying longevity 
changtu n long distance 

changtu dianhua long-dis- 
tance telephone call 
SP^fciiifehlguoji changtu dianhua 
international telephone call 

changtu qiche long-distance 
bus, coach 



20 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



M%R chaojf 



changyuan adj long-term, long- 
range 

changyuan dasuan long-tenn 

plan 

chang trad Hr v taste 

’zx 

changshi v try 

/jil£ Chang trad fH v make up, com- 
\"ZX pensate 

changhuan v pay back (a debt) 
chang I adv often 
nP 

changchang adv often 

note: Colloquially, changchang is 
often used instead of # chang. 



bu chang not often, seldom 
II adj 1 common, regular 2 normal 
changgu adj regular, conventional 
changgu! wuqi conventional 

weapon 

changnian adv all year round 
changshf n 1 common sense 2 basic 
knowledge 

changwu adj day-to-day 

changwu weiyuan member of 
a standing committee 

changwu weiyuanhui stand- 
ing committee 

m ch4n9 trad J3J§ n intestine 

;AJ$jdachang large intestine 
/hS^xiaochang small intestine 

changweibing N gastrointestinal 
disease 

jjUjfc changyan n enteritis 

r Chang trad lift n factory, works, 
mill 

gangtiechang iron and steel- 
works 

zaozhlchang paper mill 
r% changfang n factory building 

changshang n 1 factory, firm 2 fac- 
tory owner 

J^-^changzhang n factory manager 
chang v open 



chang kai v open wide 
© chsng trad ij§ I n ground, field 

^W^tTyuchang stadium 
feijTchang airport 
TjT^shichang market 
II m. wd (for movies, sport events, etc.) 
— yi chang dianymg a show of 
film 

-mm yi chang qiusai a ball game, a 
ball match 

changdi N venue (especially for 
sports) 

M'n changhe n occasion, situation 
MM changmian n scene (in a play, movie, 
etc.) 

M¥k changsuo n place (for public activity) 
Q^M^t gonggong changsuo public 
place(s) 

/B Chan v initiate 

m 

-fHiX changyi I v propose II n proposal, 
suggestion (Jj/f xiang) 

[jH chang v sing 

Pjllfcchangge sing songs, sing 
4*21 Chang trad ADJ uninhibited, 
unimpeded 

•Btfe chang kuai adj carefree 

changtan v talk freely and openly 
MM changtong adj unimpeded, flowing 
freely and smoothly 
Wft changxiao v sell well 

$ changxiaoshu bestseller 



& 



^ Chao v copy by hand 



chaoxie v Same as chao 
f Chao v go beyond, exceed 



chaochan v exceed production quota 
^§£t} chaochu v go beyond, exceed 
j@$£[ chao'e v exceed quotas 

chaoguo v 1 overtake 2 exceed 
M.^R chaojf adj super 

chaojf daguo superpower 
chaojf gong I u super-highway, 
motorway 



21 




chaoshengbo 

chaojf shichang supermarket 
chaoshengbo n ultrasonic wave, 
supersonic wave 

chaoyue v transcend, surpass 
^pchao trad n paper money 

xianchao cash, ready money 
chaopiao n paper money, banknotes 
(5fc zhang) 

jfcp Chao I v face II prep towards, to 
III n dynasty 
chaodai n dynasty 
chao adj wet 

lUM chaoshl adj damp, humid 
}$j7jC chaoshul n tidewater 
v jeer, mock 

chaoxiao v ridicule, sneer at 
mU Chao I v (Same as B^^g chaojia) 
quarrel II adj (Same as B^'lfftJ chaonao 
II) noisy 

chaojia v quarrel 

note: For “quarrel,” B^^jg chaojia is more 
commonly used than chao, for exam- 
ple: ft!l'fn^^fRXBj?^To Tamen fuqTlia 
you chaojia le. The couple quarreled again. 

chaonao I v wrangle, raise hell II adj 
noisy, hustle and bustle 
chaozuT v bicker, quarrel 
UN Chao v 1 stir-fry, roast 2 sensation- 
yy alize, create a commotion 
'^'IS^chao gupiao speculate on the 
stock exchange 

'Mijffi'fe chao youyu fire (an employee), 
send ... packing 

ie trad ^ n vehicle, traffic (ffi 
“T-* liang) 

$$|che pai (vehicle) license plate 
che pai hao (vehicle) license 
plate number 

^ kai che drive an automobile 
che ride a bicycle 
tmgchechang parking lot, car- 
park 

fl^xiu che repair a car/bicycle 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fl^f-j-xiuchehang motor vehicle repair 
and servicing shop 

xue che leam to drive (or to ride a 
bicycle) 

chechuang n machine tool 
$ff] chejian n workshop (in a factory) 
cheliang n vehicles, traffic 
^^^flcheliang guanli vehicle admin- 
istration 

chexiang n carriage (in a train) 
chezhan n bus stop, coach station, 
railway station 

changtu qichezhan coach 

station 

chuzu qichezhan taxi stand 
huochezhan railway station 
Ch v 1 pull 2 tear 3 chat 



*t‘ 



- Che v 1 remove 2 withdraw, retreat 

M 

Mil chetui v retreat 

chexiao v cancel, revoke 
t) ch4 TRAD Wt ADJ thorough 

$ ffjf£ chedT adj thorough, complete 
pr ' Chen n (in ancient times) minister, 
^2* official 

t= t Chen n 1 celestial body 2 time 



Vrt^chen I v sink II adj 1 deep, pro- 
found 2 heavy 

'ijvfc I chedian I v (of a substance) precipi- 
tate, settle II n sediment 

chenjing adj serene, placid 
chenmen adj 1 (of weather) depress- 
ing, oppressive 2 (of moods) in low 
spirit 3 (of ambiance, atmosphere) dull, 
boring 

JAift chenmo adj silent, reticent 

chensl v ponder, be lost in thought 

'lj(M chentong adj deeply grieved, in 
deep sorrow 

i/u£ chenzhong adj heavy, serious 

'IJlM chenzhuo adj cool-headed, com- 
posed 

l?/r- Chen trad I adj old, stale II v 
display 



22 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



chenjiu n vintage wine 
R&IH chenjiu adj old-fashioned, outdated 
chenlie v display, exhibit 
^'JflSchenlie chuchuang showcase 
chenlietlng exhibition hall, 
showroom 

chenshu v state (one’s views, 
reasons, etc.) 

M Chetl n early morning (See 
zaochen) 

Chen trad lH n dust (See 
huTchen) 

Iti chentu dust, dirt 
A-4-Chen trad M n (clothes) lining, 
i underwear 

chenshan n shirt (# jian) 
c cheny n shirt or similar underwear 
(j^ jian) 

4^v Chen prep taking advantage of, 
t while, when 

Chen trad f# v suit, fit well 

Vb 

Kfrll' chenxm adj very much to one’s lik- 
ing, find ... satisfactory 

Cheng TRAD fH v I call, be known 
'iXh as, address ... as 2 weigh 
cheng hao n honorific title 
chenghu I v call, address II n form 
of address 

chengzan v compliment, praise 
cheng v prop up, support 

Cheng v become, turn into 

chengben n (in business) cost 

shengchan chengben produc- 
tion cost 

chengfen n component part, ingredi- 
ent (# zhong) 

chenggong I v succeed II adj suc- 
cessful 

jjScJfc chengguo n positive result, achieve- 
ment xiang) 

chengji n achievement, examination 
result 

kaoshi chengji examination 

result 



MU chengzhen 

®f#^C^qude chengji make an 
achievement, get (positive, good) results 
fjJcJjlL chengjian n prejudice 

cheng jiao v complete a business 
deal 

chengjiu n great achievement (Jj/t 
xiang) 

cheng li v establish, set up 
cheng mfng v become famous 
j^ciq cheng pin n end product, finished 
product 

J tjf cheng qian shang wan idiom 
thousands of, a large number of 
$cA chengren n adult 
jj£Ai&W chengren jiaoyu adult educa- 
tion 

J$A%§£ chengren dianymg adult 
movie 

chengshu I v mature II adj ripe, 
mature 

chengtao adj in a complete set 

chengtao shebie complete set 
of equipment (or machinery) 

chengtian adv all day long, all the 
time 

chengwei v become 
chengxiao n desired effect, benefi- 
cial effect 

jjJc'Ci' chengxln adv intentionally, purposely 
chengyu n idiom, set phrase 
chengyuan n member 
JEjicfc chengzhang v grow up 
* ch4ns n city, town (j$ zuo) 

MMchengli in town, downtown 
M^hchengwai out of town, suburban 



$6jin cheng go to town, go to the city 
center 

Mflf chengshi n city, urban area (as op- 
posed to rural area) (M* zuo) 

chengshi shenghuo city life 
MilfiSJclJ chengshi guThua city planning 
AMiff da chengshi big city, metropolis 
S^Mffrguoji chengshi cosmopolis 
MIR chengzhen N cities and towns, urban 
area 



23 




m cheng 

MfjlAPchengzhen renkou urban 
population 

« ch4ng trad M adj sincere 

WM^A yT cheng dai ren treat people 
with sincerity 

MU cheng ken adj sincere 

chengshf adj honest, simple 
chengxln chengyi adj very 
sincerely 

M'fn chengxin n sincerity and trust, trust 
chengyi n good faith, sincerity 
chengzh adj sincere, cordial 
Cheng v bear, undertake 

cheng ban v undertake 
Tpt'M chengbao v contract 
jpt'&W chengbaoshang contractor 
chengren v 1 acknowledge, recog- 
nize 2 admit (mistake, error, etc.) 
jfkH chengshou v endure, bear 
chengshdufi endurance 

1 Cheng v 1 use (a means of 
transport) , travel (by car, train, plane, 

etc.) 2 take advantage of 
r^tA cheng ren zhi wei take advan- 
tage of the misfortune (or weakness) of 
others 

cheng v multiply 

cheng ke n passenger 
fjltJL chengjl v seize an opportunity 
fH&R cheng wuyuan N attendant (on a 
train, coach, etc.) 
pi cheng v 1 appear, assume 

2 present 

JeIIE chengxian v appear, show 

Cheng n regulation, procedure 

chengdu n level, degree 
chengxu n procedure 
if^Ul^i^jisuanjT chengxu computer 
program 

Cheng trad ?!£ v punish 

cheng ban v (of the authorities) 
punish 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



chengfa v punish, penalize 
Cheng ADJ (of water) clear, clean 



chengqTng v clarify 

chengqTng shishf clarify a 

matter 

^ cheng n scale(s) 



ft' 

n£ chT v eat 



R£f# chTjTng v be shocked, be startled, be 
alarmed 

— f# da chi yi jlng greatly 
shocked, have the fright of one’s life 
chTku v endure hardships, suffer 
R£7 chT le hen duo ku have suf- 
fered a lot 

R^ -5 ? chlkul v suffer losses, be at a disad- 
vantage 

Pfcjj chili adj making or requiring great 
efforts 

chi adj foolish, stupid 



S' 



i baichi idiot 
^jj^chl n pool, pond 

^li^'/tkyouyongchf swimming pool 
chftang N pond 
% P chi trad IS adj late 

JS 

iHIiJ chfdao v come late, be late (for work, 
school, etc.) 

j chfhuan adj (of movement) slow, 
sluggish 

iSM chfyf v hesitate, waver 

tr hi v persevere 

chi'jiu adj enduring, lasting 
chfxu v continue, sustain, persist 

ke chfxu fazhan sustainable 
development 
St' hl n spoon 

tangchi soup spoon 

trad Ml v move quickly, gallop 



24 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



i)l chou 



R 



Chi I n ruler (ft ba) 



R-J 1 chfzi ruler 

II m. wd a traditional Chinese unit of 
length (equal to ] A meter) 

^RgongchT meter 

|£R yTngchl foot (as a measurement of 

length) 

R"\f* chTcun N size, measurements 
R5i chTma n size (of shoes, shirts, ready- 
made clothing, etc.) 

• chi adj wasteful (See shechi) 



W 
It 

chTIun n gear wheel, gear 
Chi trad 5b n shame 



Cl" trad iH n tooth, teeth 



w 



Rllt kechT shameful, disgraceful 
lit# chiru n deep shame, humiliation 
-K chi adj red 

w 

chidao N the equator 
chizi n the number in red, deficit 
4gm Chl n wing 



ft 



chi bang n wing (of a bird) 
Ch v scold, shout at 



Chong trad |] vl clash 2 charge, 
T rush, dash 

chongfeng v (of troops) charge, 
assault 

$1*8. chong la ng v surf 
W$L chongpo v break through, breach 
chongtu I v clash II n conflict, clash 
liyi chongtu conflict of interest 
*■ Chong ADJ sufficient, full 






j^Rchongzu adj sufficient, adequate, 
enough 

Chong TRAD H n insect, worm 






A-?* chongzi n insect, worm (R zhl) 

-j^- Chong ADV again, once again 

M# chongdie v overlap 
jilt chongfu v repeat 
fiSf chongxm adv Same as £ chong 
chong ADJ high, lofty 

7K 

chongbai v worship, adore 
chonggao adj lofty, sublime 
chongjing v hold in high esteem, revere 
Chon trad ft v pamper, indulge 

7E 1 

chongwu n pet 

Chong ADJ strong, forceful 



ChOU v take out (from in-between) 



3nEi)* chongfen adj abundant, ample, 
adequate 

chongman adj full of, be filled with 
chongpei adj abundant, plentiful 
jlngli chongpei full of vigor 
and vitality, very energetic 
j?E^ chongshi I adj substantial II v 
strengthen, enrich 



w 

M, 

JH 

ftj? choukong v manage to find time 
ftjjctil choshuTjT n water pump 
ft® chouti n drawer 
ft# chouxiang adj abstract 
ft'j© chouyan v smoke a cigarette (cigar), 
smoke 

ApEj ChOU trad H n silk (See 
sTchou) 

gchou v worry 

g|j| ChOU v reward 

1M ChOU adj thick, dense 

choumi adj dense 

renkou choumi densely 

populated 

yfc chOU trad m v prepare 

choubei v prepare (a conference, an 
event, etc.) 

choujian v prepare to construct (a 
factory, a school, etc.) 

ChOU N deep hatred 



W 



25 




31 chou 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



/ Mf chouhen intense hatred 
ChOli TRAD H ADJ Ugly 



3 . 



chou'e adj ugly, hideous 
31 S 3 chouwen n scandal 
(^f ChOU adj smelly, stinking 



Hi 



Ch U v emerge from, go out, exit 



HIM chuban v publish 
lBH chGchai v be on a business trip, leave 
town on business 

H}/ 61 chuchan v produce, manufacture 
chudong v set out, go into action 
chufa v set off (on a journey), start (a 
journey) 

chufadian starting point, point of 
departure 

Hi® chGguo v go abroad, go overseas 
Hj^jt chujing v leave the country, exit 
itf'JMHi^^^banlT chujing shouxu go 
through exit formalities 
HiP chukou I v 1 export 
HiP&M chukou gongs! export company 
HiP^^chukou maoyi export business 
in foreign trade 
2 speak, utter II n exit 
Hi^chulai v come out 
Hi^ chulu n outlet, way out 
Hi^chumai v 1 sell, be for sale 2 betray, 
sell out 

HiP chumen v leave home, go out 
fcBM chumian v act in the name of 
R}^ churning adj famous, well-known 
HS^ftchuna n Same as chuna yuan 
Hi^fiM chunayuan n cashier 
Hi(5n chupln n product 
R}#chGqu v go out 
Hi A churu I v go in and come out II n 
inconsistency, discrepancy 
Hi#, chuse adj outstanding, remarkable 
Hi# chushen n family background, (a 
person’s) social origin 
Hitt chushen v be lost in thought, be 
spellbound 

Hi# chusheng v be born 
Hi#i&chusheng di place of birth 



Hi# H $0 chusheng riq! date of birth 
tb#ijE chusheng zheng birth certificate 

HiV chushi v (an accident) take place 
Hj^kHii# chushididian the scene of an 
accident 

HiJSchuxfv attend (a meeting, a court 
trial, etc.) 

Hi# chuxi n (a person’s) future 
^fHi# you chuxi (especially of a young 
person) have a bright future, promising 

HiSS chuxian v come into view, appear, 
emerge 

Hl’#li chuyangxiang v make a fool of 
oneself, cut a ridiculous figure 

tBPjt chuyuan v be discharged from 
hospital 

HiffL chuzu v have ... for hire, rent 
J^MHifiLfangwu chuzu house for rent, 
house to let 

Hj®#^ chuzG qiche n taxi 



note: The slang expression ff dad!, 
which means to call a taxi or to travel by 
taxi, is very popular in everyday Chinese. 



Id 



Chu I n beginning 



# Id yuechG at the beginning of a month 
^£ld nianchG at the beginning of a year 

II adj at the beginning, for the first time 

III prefix (used for the first ten days of a 
lunar month) , the first 

Id — chG y! the first day (of a lunar month) 
3L£] lid A Wuyue chG ba the eighth day 
of the fifth lunar month 



/A#ld — nian chG y!/da nian 
chG y! the first day of the first lunar 
month (Chinese New Year’s Day) 
IdH? chGbu adj initial, tentative 
chGji adj elementary, initial 
lU^^/J'chGji xiaoxue/chGxiao 
elementary school (from Grade 1 to 
Grade 4 of a primary school) 
tMf&tU'P chGjf zhongxue/ 
chGzhong junior high school 
chGq n initial stage 
chu I v get rid of II prep except, 
apart from 



26 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



£h chu 



chu cao v to weed 

chucaoji weed killer, herbicide 
chu chong I v to kill insects II n 
insecticide 

chucT yTwai prep apart from 
this, besides 

chufei conj unless, only if 
I^T ”(^h)chule ... (yTwai) prep 
except, besides 

NOTE: (1) While except and besides are 
two distinct words in English, 

£h, chule... yTwai may mean either except 
or besides, as is shown in the examples: 
Zhege 

dongwuyuan chule shengdanjie mei tian 
kaifang. This zoo is open to the public all 
year round except on Christmas Day, 

Wo 

chule YTngwen yTwai, hai hui shuo 
yidianr Zhongwen. Besides English I speak 
a little Chinese. (2) lil^h yTwai may be 
omitted, i.e. chule... (yTwai) 

and K«7— chule are the same. 

chuxl n New Year’s eve 



NOTE: In colloquial Chinese, the Chi- 
nese New Year’s eve is called 
danianye. The dinner on the Chinese New 
Year’s eve is nianyefan, or 

tuanyuanfan, a family reunion dinner. 



[=X Chu trad iff N kitchen 



chufang n kitchen 

M^i5#chufang shebei kitchen equip- 
ment 

RBfMJI chufang yongju kitchen uten- 
sils 

chush n chef 

^JIJlJfpdachushT master chef 
toL chu trad Ml I n hoe 



M^rchutou hoe (JE ba) 

II v do hoeing 

£h ch£i trad M v handle, deal with 
chufa v penalize, discipline 



chufang n (doctor’s) prescription 
chufang yao prescribed medicine 
^WfcjjT^fSi chufang yao over-the- 
counter medicine 

3F#h7T kai chufang write out a prescrip- 
tion 

chufen I n disciplinary action 
la jmggao chufen disciplinary 

warning 

II v take disciplinary action 

chufen fuyong 

xTngfenjl de yundongyuan take disci- 
plinary action against athletes who have 
taken stimulants 

£Mjt chujing n (usually) bad situation, 
plight 

chujing weixian in a danger- 
ous situation 

chujue v put to death, execute 
£bJJt chulT v 1 handle, deal with 2 sell at 
reduced prices 

jtbSIiSi chulTpTn goods sold at reduced 
prices 

3 take disciplinary action 

chulT weifan xiao 
ji de xuesheng take disciplinary action 
against students who have violated 
school regulations 

chuyu v be in state of, be situated at 
chuzhi v dispose of, handle, deal 
with 

[ Chu trad file n plinth (See 
I jTchu) 
chu adj clear, neat (See 
7E qingchu) 

trad §t v store 

fifTlr chubei v store away 

chucun v 1 store away, keep in 
reserve 2 (in computing) save a file 
fitll chuxu v save (money), deposit 
(money) 

/ESfHitlf dingql chuxu fixed deposits, 
term deposit 

r huoql chuxu checking account 
k Chu trad n place, location 



si, 






27 




chuchii 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



chuchu adv everywhere 
Chll trad v touch, contact 

chudian v get an electric shock 
IME chufan v violate (law), offend (a 
person) 

chuan v 1 wear (clothes, shoes), be 
, ' dressed in 

chuanzhe be dressed in 
2 put on (clothes, shoes) 

J 1 1 chuan n liver 

j|pt* Chuan n boat, ship 

#J$fthua chuan row a boat 

zuo chuan travel by boat/ship 
chuanbo n boats and ships 

chuanbo gongs! shipping 

company 

# Chuan trad llvl pass (some- 
thing) on, transmit 2 spread (news, 
rumor) 

■f^lt chuanbo v propagate, disseminate 
chuanda v pass on, relay, transmit 
chuanda shi reception office 

chuanda zonggongsl 
de zhTling pass on instructions from the 
company’s HQ 

#ifl chuandi v transmit, deliver 

chuanmei n media, mass media 
JzfaWM dazhong chuanmei mass 
media 

chuanran v infect 

f^lfe^chuanranbing infectious (conta- 
gious) disease 

chuanshou v teach, pass on (knowl- 
edge, skill, etc.) 

chuanshud I n legend, folklore 
mrnjian chuanshud folktale 
II v it is said, they say 

chuansong v convey, deliver 
'f^l^chuansongdai conveyor belt 
chuantong n tradition, heritage 
chuantong fuzhuang tradi- 
tional costume 

chuanxiao n pyramid selling 
j^Jll chuanzhen n fax 



rj U-t Chuan v breathe with difficulty, 
pant 

chuan v string together 

chuang n sore, open sore 

i^'Jtiddngchuang chilblain 
chuangba n scar 
Chuang N window shan) 



Sfcfllitf bolichuang glass window 
chuanghu n window (^ shan) 
fTXPItf/ 3 dakai chuanghu open a window 
guanshang chuanghu close a 

window 

IP chuangkou n window 

chuanglian n (window) curtain (i& 
kuai) 

f'n chuangtai n window sill 
chuang n bed (& zhang) 






JptAi^danrenchuang single bed 
^Ai^shuangrenchuang double bed 
chuangdan n bedsheet (|* tiao) 
chuangpu n bed (in school dormito- 
ries, army barracks, etc.) (^ zhang) 
chuangwei N bed (in a hospital, ship, 
train, etc.) (§& zhang) 

Chuang trad PH v charge, rush 

chuanghuo v cause disasters, get 
into trouble 

chuang trad IU v create 






■flljjil chuangjian v found (a company, an 
institution, etc.) 

chuangli v set up, found 
'frjik chuangye v start an undertaking 
'fz'JJkfiltt chuangye jlngshen pioneering 
spirit 

^ [ Jia chuangzao v create 

chuangzaoxing n creativity 
1l(H^ chuangzuo I v create (works of 
art and literature) II n work of art or 
literature 

chuT v blow, puff 



ft 1 



28 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



[S cong 



chuln iu v brag, boast 

chuln iu dawang braggart 
PjC^$ chuTpeng v lavish praise on, flatter 
$35Pi$l xianghu chuTpeng flatter each 
other 

i v cook 






chuTshiyuan n cook, kitchen staff 
(in a school, a factory, etc.) 

Chli v hang down 

HJl chufzhf adj vertical 
fiJE^chuizhixian vertical line 
Kfrt- chu v hammer 



Cl n magnetism 

5$^ cfdai n magnetic tape, audio tape 
(S pan) 

cfka n magnetic card (for making 
telephone calls, etc.) 

Ilitifcci'pan n magnetic disc 
adj kind and loving 

ci'ai n love and affection (from an 
elderly person, e.g. a grandmother) 
cf xiang adj (of an elderly person’s 
countenance) kindly 
rtlfr Cl trad v take leave 



!*§-?• chu fzi hammer (Jti ba) 
j^chmi v beat with a fist or stick 

Chun n spring 



^pchunji spring (season) 

Chunjie n Spring Festival (the Chi- 
nese New Year) 
chuntian n spring 
Chun trad M adj pure 

chuncui adj unadulterated, pure and 
simple 

chunjie adj pure, ingenuous 

|=?- Chun TRAD W N lip 



IzuTchun (mouth) lip 
I^JLzuTchunpir (mouth) lip 
Chun adj stupid, foolish 



ll.lp-chunshi an act of folly 
“FllWi- gan chunshi do a stupid thing, 
commit a folly 

jJJ^| Cl adj (of animals) female 
Cl trad !r] n word 

M 

jp]|k cfdian n dictionary (^ ben) 
r^Mftcha cfdian consult a dictionary 
cf n porcelain 

cfqi n porcelain 



lit 



cfzhf v resign (from job, position) 
cl pron 1 this 



jltBtiltM cTshfcldi here and now 
2 here 

litis cThou conj after this, ever after 
jlt^J cTke N this moment 
jftHt cTshf adv right now 
jft^h cTwai conj besides, apart from (that), 
as well 

\/-t 1 Cl m. wd time (expressing fre- 
lA quency of an act) 
xiaci next time 
cishu n number of times 
► 2 Cl adj inferior 






iftcm cipm n substandard product, seconds 
(used goods) 

iXW ciyao adj next in importance, of 
secondary importance 
► 3 Cl n order, sequence 






cixu N order, sequence 
/zrf Cl v wait on 

iwj 

cihou v wait on, serve 
* dl v prick II n thorn 

flJiM cTJT v 1 irritate 2 stimulate, give 
incentive to 

»4-t COng n chimney (See iS® 
LdLJ yancong) 



29 




tfs> cong 

□“p4 COng trad ® n acute hearing 
T>Ci> 

|&BJ§ cong m mg adj clever, bright, intel- 
ligent 

cong trad adj hurriedly 



% 



^9^9 congcong adv hurriedly, in a rush 
#lt congmang adj in a hurry, in haste 
^ COng n onion, scallion 

Al^dacong green Chinese onion 
‘^fSyangcong onion 
/Jvj§( xiaocong spring onion 

COng trad |a£ prep following, from 



>A 



b\- cong. ..chufa set out from ... 

congbu adv never 

bkfifc congcT conj since then, from then on 
bk' ••!!]"■ cong...dao. prep from ...to ..., 
from ... till ... 

iA^pJ$£cong-zao-dao-wan from 

morning till night, many hours in a day. 
M^i!]4*cong-gu-dao-jTn from the 
remote past till now 
M.M cong'er conj thus, thereby 
conglai adv always, ever 
JA5|C'F'c6nglai bu never 

c6ng...qT prep starting from ... 
congqian n 1 past, in the past 2 once 
upon a time (used in story-telling) 
hkM congrong adj unhurried, leisurely 
bkM- congshi v be engaged in (business, 
education, law, etc.) 

congwei adv never in the past 
COng trad H n shrub, thicket 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fffft- culu adj rude, boorish 
Hi® cux': n degree of thickness 

note: See note on Ad'* daxiao. 
cuxln adj careless 
iE CU v urge 

{Sift cu jin v promote, advance 
{S^ cush! v impel, urge 
git CU n vinegar 

cuan trad 58[ v 1 rush about 
2 falsify, fabricate 

* CUI v urge, hurry 

J CUj v break, destroy 

'i cuTcan v devastate, wreck 
l culhui v destroy completely 

* cul adj crisp 

? cuiruo adj fragile, frail 
^ CUl adj pure 

CUI n green, bluish green 






^4$ congshu n a series of books on a 
specific topic 

vdb COU v put together, pool 

cou qian pool money 
'Szit cou he v make do, make do with 
couqiao adv luckily, as luck would 
have it 

f CU adj thick, crude 



fl c 



44 cQn n village 

cunzhuang n village 
^"Fcunzi n village (J^ zuo) 

#C U" v store, keep 

j^{$| cunchu v 1 save a file (in comput- 
ing) 2 store 

cunfang v leave in someone’s care 
cunkuan N savings 

pan v save (a computer file) 
cunzai v exist 

Clin m. wd a traditional Chinese 
unit of length (equal to l Ao meter) 

^"4* yTngcun inch 
CUO v consult 



HW cuoshang v consult, discuss 
CUO v rub with the hands 



; cubao adj rough, brutal 



30 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



XXlf dasuan 



m 



CUO TRAD §0 ADJ wrong 



cuozl wrong character 
till cuowu I n mistake, error 

cuowu make a mistake 
^lElfi^jiuzheng cuowu correct a 
mistake 

II adj wrong, erroneous 
CUO v arrange, handle 



cudshi n measure, step 
CUO v frustrate, defeat 






shoucuo be frustrated, be defeated 
^XJf cuozhe n setback, frustration 



>g£ da v answer 

daying v 1 answer, reply 2 promise 
^ v P ut U P’ build 

JO 

XIHE dapei I v arrange in pairs or groups 
II n (word) collocation 
. da trad M v reach, attain 






dacheng v reach (an agreement, an 
understanding, a business deal, etc.) 
i£5!j dadao v reach, achieve 
v answer, reply 

da'an n answer (to a list of ques- 
tions) 

dabian v speak in self-defense 

lunwen dabian (postgraduate 
students’) oral examination in defense of 
a thesis 

^31 dafu I v (formally) reply II n (formal) 
reply 

dajuan n answer sheet 
-fc-pda v 1 strike, hit 2 play (certain 
i J games) 

XXti^K^c5<£da gao'erfuqiu play golf 
XXllJ^da lanqiu play basketball 
XX'n^da taiqiu play pool 



XXi$t dabai v defeat, beat 
XXXfr da ban v dress up, make up 
XX^ da che v call a taxi 
XX#J dadao v strike down, overthrow, 
down with ... 

XXltt da dT v Same as fX$ da che 
XX%ii§ da dianhua v make a telephone 
call 

XX£ dafa v dispatch, send away 
XXX dagong v work (especially as a 
manual laborer) 

XXffr daji v strike a blow against (a crime, 
a bad tendency, etc.), deal with and pun- 
ish severely 

XXiXHMi dajf daoban attack the crime 
of piracy (of intellectual products) 

XX^5 dajia v fight (between people), come 
to blows 

XX^cif da jiaodao v to have dealings 
with, negotiate with 
ffl#^##lftAXX3ot he geshigeyang 
de ren da jiaodao deal with all kinds of 
people 

XXX - daka v punch a card, record at- 
tendance at work by punching a time 
machine 

XXSfmii da keshui v doze, doze off 
XX-£JL8M da yftiulr keshui have a 
doze-off 

XXadaliangv measure with the eye, 
size up 

XX3i dalie v hunt 
XX$ dapo v break 

XX5i£X£Mdapd huapfng break a vase 
dapo shijie jilu break a 

world record 

XXJ<£ da qiu v play baseball/basketball/ 
volleyball, etc. 

XXX£ darao v disturb, interrupt 

note: You can use XXfa dajiao instead of 
XXXfc darao, with the same meaning. 

When you call on someone, especially at 
their home, you can say XXXfti^il JT 
Darao nimen le as a polite expression. 

XXX3 dasao v clean up 

XXJI dasuan v plan, contemplate 



31 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



XX^Jt dating 



fTHJf dating v inquire, ask 
XXH£ daya v press hard, oppress 
XXli dazhang v go to war, fight in a war 
da zhaohu v 1 greet, say hello to 
2 let know, notify 

XXlt dazhen v give (or get) an injection 
XX^ dazi v type 

da adj big, large 

A^ daban adv more than half 
AM dabian I n solid waste from the body, 
stool II v move the bowels 
AB dachen n official (in a royal court), 
minister 

AA dada adv greatly, enormously 
Alldadan adj bold, courageous 

note: See note on M dan. 

Ailt dadao n main road, thoroughfare 
AM dadi n land, the earth 
A£|5 dadou Same as A^ daduo 
A^£ daduo adv mostly 
A^£l$t daduoshu N great majority, over- 
whelming majority 
A^A dafang adj 1 generous, liberal 

chushou dafang spend money 
freely, very generous 
2 elegant and natural 

shiyang dafang elegant style 
A!® dagai I adj general, more or less 
II adv probably 

Af$t& daguofan n food prepared in a 
big pot 

chi daguofan idiom everyone 
getting the same reward regardless of 
different functions and contributions 
Aii?A dahoutian n three days from now 
A'c; dahui n assembly, congress, rally 
A^Jl dahuor pron everybody, all the 
people 

note: AfkJL dahuor is a very colloquial 
word. For general use, JkM- dajia is pre- 
ferred. 

A^ dajia pron all, everybody 
women dajia all of us 
MX^mmen dajia all of you 



MfllAl^tamen dajia all of them 
A#X dajie n main street 
^liAfirguang dajie take a stroll in the 
streets, do window-shopping 
AM daju n overall public interest 
AfiX? da fish \ n marble 
A^tl dali adj vigorous , energetic 
AJIl daliang adj a large amount of, a 
large number of 

A® dalu n continent, mainland 

Zhongguo dalu mainland 

China 

A?|t da ml n rice 
AXSXIf damuzhT n the thumb 
note: #Xb rnuzhT can also be used to 
denote the thumb. In Chinese the thumb 
is considered one of the fingers — ^XX b 
shouzhi. 

AM danao n cerebrum, brain 
A)l$ dapai N celebrity, hotshot 
AlifflJi dapai mmgxTng celebrity 
movie star 

AM dapao n cannon 

AXit dap! adj a large quantity of, lots of 

AJt dapian n blockbuster 

Haolaiwu dapian Hollywood 

blockbuster 
A^t daqi n atmosphere 
AA daren n adult, grown-up 

note: AA daren is a colloquialism. 

The general word for adult is A 
chengnian ren. 

AA^ da renwu great personage, big 
shot, very important person (VIP) 

Ail dasha n super-big, imposing build- 
ing (M* zuo) 

A^ dasheng adj in a loud voice 
AM dash! n master (of art or scholarship) 
UliSAlJiPguohua dash! master of tradi- 
tional Chinese art 
AM dash! n ambassador 

IIAMzhongguo zhu Meiguo 
dash! Chinese ambassador in the U.S. 
AMtff dashTguan n embassy 
A^ dash! n matter of importance 



32 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Ai^ dasT adv wantonly, without restraint 
Affc datT n on the whole, in the main 

A^^i&datf laishuo on the whole 
A/A daxiao n size 

note: A da and /h xiao are opposites. Put 
together, A / J' s daxiao means size. There 
are other Chinese nouns made up of 
antonyms e.g. changduan length, f! 
tHi cuxi thickness, haohuai quality, Jtj 
IK gaodT height. 



jtM daxfng adj large-scale, large-sized 
A^ daxue n university zuo, Jjlf suo) 
%A^P kao daxue sit for the university 
entrance examination 
#_tA^kao shang daxue pass the 
university entrance examination 
_tA^ shang daxue go to university, 
study in a university 

Dayangzhou N Oceania 
A ^ t day! n overcoat 
A^§> dayi n rough idea 
A£?J dayue adj, adv approximate, ap- 
proximately, about, nearly 
Al£ dazhi adj rough, general 
A& dazhong n the masses 
A&Mffcdazhong meitT mass media 
Ai$&daziran N Nature, Mother Nature 
|ZJ dai I adj foohsh, stupid 

J^rAdaizi idiot 
II v Same as f# dai 
# dai v stay 



note: W dai in the sense of stay may be 
replaced by dai. 



- dai adj bad, evil 



3? -fit daitu n bad guy, criminal 
as in 3 tA daifu. 



A‘ 



AA daifu n doctor (fu wei). Same as £ 
yfsheng, used more as a colloquialism. 
1 dai n 1 generation 2 dynasty 



dailai/dai...lai 

NOTE: The major Chinese dynasties are |j| 
Qin, iX Han, Tang, A Song, jt Yuan, 

Blj Ming, if QTng. 



/!> 2 dai v take the place of, perform 
on behalf of 

ftiH^lWdaike laoshl relief teacher 
f^oP'fcdai buzhang acting minister 
daiyun mama surrogate 

mother 

f®A:dai xiaozhang acting principal 
dai ban I v do or act for another 
II n charge d’affaires 

daibiao I n representative, delegate 
II v represent, indicate 

daibiaotuan n delegation, mission 
Meiguo shangye 
daibiaotuan U.S. trade mission 
ftffl da id n pronoun 

rencheng daicf personal pro- 
noun 

daihao n code name 
daijia n price (for achieving some- 
thing), cost 

da ill v act on behalf of, act as agent 
f^iAdaillren agent 
m daishu n algebra 
f^clfcA^Adaishu fangchengshi alge- 
braic formula 



f daiti v substitute for, replace 
* dai trad ft v loan 



JM 



daikuan I n loan 

A,i?d$ifcwux7 daikuan interest-free 
loan 

II v loan money to, borrow money from 
daikuan gei yi jia 
xiao qlye loan money to a small busi- 
ness 

xiang yrnhang daikuan ask 
the bank for a loan 
-ffp 1 dai trad ® v bring, take 
AR 



daidong v spur on 
dai jin adj 1 interesting, exciting 
2 energetic, forceful 
^A/^-"Adailai/dai...Iai v bring ... 



33 




^41 dailTng 

dailTng v lead, guide 
^i/^-:fcdaiqu/dai...qu vtake 
^3^ daitou v take the lead, be the first 
daitou fayan be the first to 
speak (at a meeting), set the ball rolling 
-444- 2 dai trad ^7 n belt, ribbon, band 

Tf? 

i&T^T^anquandai safety belt 
pfdai leather belt 
li^sTdai silk ribbon 
- 444 - 3 dai trad ^7 n zone, area 

Tf? 

IfcilT handai frigid zone 

redai tropical zone, tropics 
wendai temperate zone 
dai v 1 treat, deal with 2 wait for 






CHINESE -ENGLISH 



ipj^danchun ad j simple-minded, 
ingenuous 
Jp4f] dancf n word 
Jpijt dandiao adj monotonous 

dandu adj alone, on one’s own 
danqTn jiatrng n single-parent 

family 

danshen guizu n a single person 
with lots of money to spend, yuppy 
Jp-llL danwei n work unit, e.g. a factory, a 
school, a government department 
JpTG danyuan n unit (in an apartment 
house), apartment, flat 
dan n red color 



ft' 



dai ye wait for a job opportunity 
f^itl daiyu n 1 treatment 2 remuneration 
dai v catch 



iHtlj daibu v arrest, take into custody 
dai n sack, bag (K zhT) 

P^koudai pocket 

note: ^ dai is seldom used alone. It is 
either used with the nominal suffix -p zi to 
form dai zi, or with another noun to 
form a compound word, e.g. koudai 
(pocket). 

dai v wear, put on 

||£XSJLdai shoutaor wear gloves 
ilcBitfjidai yanjing wear spectacles 
A dai adj idle, slack 

daigong n slowdown (as workers’ 
protest) 

daiman v slight, give the cold 
shoulder to 

dan trad ^ adj single, separate 

JpAif^danrenchuang single bed 

danren fangjian (hotel) room 
for a single person 
-iptfcdanshu odd number 



dan trad HI v carry on the shoulder, 
. take on (responsibility, burden etc) 
danbao v guarantee, vouch for 
fB^Adanbaoren guarantor 
JHfp danfu v take on (responsibility), 
meet (expenditure), hold (a position) 
tBfft'fjiiip danfu shlmlng undertake a 
mission 

danfu zTnu de jiaoyu- 
fei meet children’s educational costs 
danren v assume the office of, act in 
the capacity of 

danxTn v worry, fret 
JfLtfc danyou v worry 
■ dan v delay 



w 



WCm danwu v delay 

danwu shfjian waste time 
tlrt dan trad IIni gallbladder 
2 courage 
jjfTp danzi courage 
IfiXA danzi da be brave, be bold 
IHP/P danzi xiao be timid, be cowardly 

note: The ancient Chinese believed that 
the gallbladder was the organ of courage; 
hence the expressions: It! iM'PtllA Ta 
danzi hen da and ftilfilAlfi Ta hen dadan 
to mean He is bold; ft!ljlB : P ; fll / J'‘ Ta danzi 
hen xiao and it!lf&M / J N Ta hen danxiao to 
mean He is timid. 

flit danliang n courage, guts 



34 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



i^i^'ftfe&^HMshishi tade danliang test 
his courage, see how brave he is 
Ifl'fe danqie adj timid, cowardly 

dan n dawn (See tC_B. yuandan) 



B 



/rj dan conj Same as danshi. 
IJzLUsed in writing. 

{BJi danshi conj but, yet 

dan trad n load, burden 

danzi load, burden 

fJI'Fji- danzi zhong great burden, heavy 
responsibility 

^ dan adj 1 not salty, tasteless, bland 
2 (of tea, coffee) weak 
dan nitrogen 



MJEdanfei nitrogenous fertilizer 
TP* dan n egg (especially chicken egg) 



danbaizhi n protein 
fjfl dangao n (western-style) cake 
$£ d * n trad M v be born 

MM danchen n birthday 
M£ dansheng v be bom 

dan TRAD 3P N bullet 

danyao n ammunition 
danyaoku arms depot 
>1/ 1 dang trad m PREP at the time 
— of, when 

^•••^jHt'f^dang...de shfhou conj when 

note: ^ dang may be omitted, especially 
colloquially, e.g. ( ^ ) MklffcGW 
HI, AMI (Dang) Wo zai 

gongzuo de shfhou, bu xTwang bieren 
lai darao wo. (When) I am working, I don’t 
want to be disturbed. 

>T>j 2 dang trad S' v work as, serve as 

dangchang n on the spot 
ii^Jffidangchang zhuahuo catch 
red-handed 

dangchu n originally, at the outset 



dangyuan 

^f^dangdai adj contemporary, present- 
day 

dangdi n at the place in question, 
local 

dangdi ren a local 
=1 dangdi shfjian local time 
dangju N the authorities 
itM dangmian adv to someone’s face, in 
the very presence of 

dangmian sahuang tell a 
barefaced lie 

dangnian N in those years, then 
ijlu dangqian n at present, now 
dang ran adv of course 
dangshf N at that time, then 
=^VA dangshiren n person/people 
concerned, party (to a lawsuit) 
dangxln v be cautious, take care 
dangxuan v be elected 
ili&j^ftfidangxuan wei daibiao be 
elected a delegate 

dangzhong n right in the middle, in 
the center 

• dang trad fH v block, keep off 






dang trad M N political party 

JtL 

note: As China is under a one-party 
rule, when people mention 'jfc dang in 
China, they usually refer to 
Zhongguo Gongchan Dang the Chinese 
Communist Party. 

j&M dang pa i n political party /group 
dangwei n (Chinese Communist) 
Party committee 

dangwei shuji (Chinese 
Communist) Party committee secretary, 
(Chinese Communist) Party chief 

NOTE: The Chinese Communist Party 
Committee in a province is called 
shengwei, and that in a city TffH shiwei. 
These are the most powerful organs in 
a Chinese province or city (not the local 
governments— B&Jft zhengfu). 

dangyuan n party member 



35 




r dang 

dang trad H v swing, sway 



dang qiuqian play on the swings 
>1/ dang trad Svi treat as, regard 
— S as 2 think 

dangtian n the same day 
dangzuo v treat as, regard as 
-bf/ dang trad Uni shelf, cabinet 
2 grade, class 

dang'an n ({ft fen) file, archive 
dangci n standard or level of quality, 
grade, class 

• dao n knife (JC ba) 



7 )' 



daozi a small knife 
qianbT dao pencil shaipener 
7jcHJJ shuTguo dao penknife 
JJjJ] daoren n edge of a knife 
dao trad H n island 



a 



daoyu n island, islet 
-krh da O 1 trad SS v beat, smash 

f*} 

MM daodan v make trouble (in a mis- 
chievous way) 

guyi daodan be deliberately 
mischievous 

daoluan v make trouble, sabotage 
^^L^^^J^daoluan gonggong zhixu 
disrupt public order 
Bjrtdao v dance (See wudao) 

iFh dao trad W v lead, guide (See 
fudao, lingdao, zhidao) 
daodan n guided missile (j& mei) 
daohang n navigation (by electronic 
devices) 

daoshi n supervior (for postgraduate 
students) 

daoyan I n director (for films or 

play) 

mfng daoyan famous director 
II v direct (a film or play) 
daoyou n tourist guide 
daozhl v lead to, cause 
[ dao v fall, topple 



«T 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



daobi go bust, cease operations 
daomai v resell at a profit 
MM daomei v have bad luck, be out of 
luck 

dao v arrive, come to, up to 

daochu adv everywhere 

note: fij£h daochu is always placed be- 
fore a verbal phrase, and is often followed 
by dou. 

daoda v arrive, reach 
I'JjfS daodT adv 1 in the end, finally 2 after 
all (used in a question) 
daolai v arrive 
daoql v become due, expire 
5 | J---^Jlbdao...weizhT prep until, by, up to 
75?i[ dao I v 1 put upside down 2 pour 
- (water), make (tea) II adv contrary 
to what may be expected (used before 
a verb or an adjective to indicate an 
unexpected action or state) 

MifU daojishf n countdown 
MM daotui v go backward, regress 
^da° v mourn 

'l^ejT daonian v mourn, grieve over 
dao n robber, bandit (See 
Tnt. qiangdao, K S daoban) 

K& daoban I n pirated edition, pirated 
copy 

daoban shu pirated edition of a 

book 

KM# daoban dianylng pirated movie 
II v make pirated copies 
I&Itj daoqie v steal, embezzle, commit 
larceny 

K 3 J<iBdaoqiefan thief, one who com- 
mits larceny 
jjj|- 1 dao n way, path 

ittll daode n morals, ethics 
^ii/f*bu daode immoral 
illfjt daol n principle, reason, hows and 
whys 

jiang daoli (of a person) be 
reasonable 



36 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



u daoli reasonable, true 

note: M. dao and M IT are two important 
concepts in Chinese thought. The original 
meaning of M dao is path , way. By exten- 
sion it denotes “the fundamental principle 
of the universe.” 3H IT originally meant the 
grain of a piece of jade and came to mean 
“the underlying logic of things.” 

daolu n road, path 

2 dao m. wd 1 (for things in the 
A& shape of a line) 

-mm. yf dao guangxian a ray of 
sunshine 

2 (for questions in a school exercise, 
examinations, etc.) 

liang dao nantf two difficult 

questions 

3 dao v Same as ij& shuo, used only 
in old-fashioned writing 

fbi^.^xlneng shuo hui dao eloquent, 
glib 

ifllft daoqian v apologize, say sorry 
:jlg dao n rice, paddy 

fi^daozi rice, paddy rice 
ABde v get, obtain 
W 

f^ilJ dedao succeed in getting/obtaining 

note: The verb % de is seldom used 
alone. It is often followed by fij dao, 
grammatically a complement, to mean get 
or obtain. 

debTng v fall ill, contract a disease 
dell adj competent and efficient, 
very capable 

#il!ij^delizhush6u very capable 
assistant, indispensable right-hand as- 
sistant 

deshT n gain and loss, success and 
failure 

deyT modal v so that, can 
deyi adj complacent, deeply pleased 
with oneself 

deyi wang xmg be dizzy with 

success 



W de 

l^jf^'^Meyi yangyang show extreme 
self-complacency, be elated 

dezui v offend, incur displeasure 

of ... 

?#IW|2dezui buqT can’t afford to of- 
fend 

de n virtue 

mm Deguo n Germany 

Dewen N the German language 
(especially the writing) 
fifin’ Deyu n the German language 
_LrU de particle (attached to a word or 
Li. l phrase to indicate that it is an adverb, 
itii de is normally followed by a verb or 
an adjective.) 

flWb&K manman de shuo speak slowly 
'tiy'l^ifeJtfTyukuai de luxfng travel 
pleasantly 

note: See note on de. 

de particle (introducing a word, 

■ ‘ phrase or clause to indicate that 
it is a complement. # de is normally 
preceded by a verb or an adjective.) 

Shuo de dajia 

dou xiaole qTlai talk in such a way that 
everybody starts laughing 
mm gui de hen very expensive 
lai de hen zao come early 

note: See note on 6*J de. 

fth de particle (attached to a word or 
phrase to indicate that it is an attribute, 
de is normally followed by a noun.) 
SWftB wo de diannao my computer 
zul xTnxmg de diannao 
the latest computer model 

xuexiao gang mailai 
de diannao the computer that the school 
just bought 

note: fl'J , #, fik have different functions 
and are three distinct words. However, 
as they are pronounced the same (de) in 
everyday speech, some Chinese speakers 
do not distinguish them. 



37 




WiS ...de hua 

...de hua conj if 

note: See note on yaoshi. 

4B dei modal v have to 

# „ 

•deng trad 



£T‘ 



n lamp, lighting 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Afr 3 deng particle 1 and so on and 
‘ so forth, et cetera 2 (used at the end 
of a list) 

deng v open one’s eyes wide, stare, 
^deng n stool (low chair) 



diandeng light, electric light 
guan deng turn off the light 
iKT kai deng turn on the light 
0 itk T riguangdeng fluorescent lamp 
■p taideng desk lamp 
denghuo N lights 

denghuo tongmmg (of a 
building) brightly lit 
denglong n lantern 
dengpao n light bulb (H zhT) 
deng v 1 publish (in a newspaper, a 
jEL journal, etc.) 

HT*pf deng guanggao place an adver- 
tisement, advertise 
2 go up, ascend 
Util dengji v board a plane 

dengjlka boarding card 
HiB dengji v register, check in 
Hr® deng I u v land (from waters, espe- 
cially by troops) 

Hill dengshan v climb a mountain or hill 
HLiliisJj dengshan y undong mountain- 
eering 

H lU dengshan yundongyuan 
mountaineer 

A/r 1 deng v wait, wait for 

deng yfxia wait a minute 
dengdai v wait (usually used in 
writing) 

dengdao conj by the time, as late as 
denghou v Same as dengdai 
Aft* 2 deng n grade, rank, class 

dengji n grade, rank 
5t^(Won^J)^lqued'ing (shangpin 
de) dengji determine the grades (of a 
commodity) 

dengyu v be equal to, equal, amount 
to 



H^dengzi stool (^ ge) 
lR dTl adj low II v lower 

■fRiJI dldiao adj low key 
{£1^ dlgu v underestimate 

dlji adj 1 elementary 2 vulgar 

dlji quwei vulgar interests, base 

taste 

dllie adj inferior 
HdT n dike, embankment 

dl m. word drop (used for liquids) 

» df trad M n enemy 

didu adj hostile, antagonistic 
®4Wi&lftdidui de taidu hostile at- 
titude 

MK diren n enemy 

dish' v be hostile to 
yjrjV d n flute 

^-T'dizi flute 

ftt^chul dizi play the flute 

trad ^ v wash, wash away 

lft df as in dique 

fit)#! dique adv really, truly 
l^i dishi n taxi 
it df v enlighten 

disTke n disco 
jj^dT n base, bottom 

Jf&lt dTpian n (film) negative 
jE&T dTxia n underneath, under 
dTxia n n bottom line 
v 1 arrive 2 resist 



38 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



M'S diandao 



lUjflf dTchang v compensate for 
did a v arrive at 
Jf® dTkang v resist 

dTya v pledge ... as security for a 
loan, mortgage 

HfcffnndTyapm security (for a loan) 
dizhi v boycott, reject 
r di n earth, ground 



M‘ 



MHz diban n floor, timber floor 
M4? dibu n 1 extent 2 (poor) condition 
M'fir didai n region, zone 
Mill didao n tunnel, underpass (^ tiao) 
Mill didao adj genuine, authentic 
Milil^J 4*0^ didao de Zhongguocai 
authentic Chinese cuisine 
Mj£( didian n the place for an event or 
activity, venue 

M7j difang n 1 place, location, area ("t v 
ge) 2 part of, aspect 



note: M7T difang is a word of wide 
application. It has both concrete, specific 
senses and abstract, general senses, as in 
the following examples: 

YTsheng: NT shenme difang bu 
shufu? Doctor: What spot ails you? 

( > What’s wrong with you?)', 

^Mjf, Zhaogu budao de 

difang, qing duoduo yuanliang. If there’s 
anything not well attended to, please accept 
my sincere apology. 



Mil dili n geography 
MSPP^tt dilTxuejia geographer 
PI^MJl^^Guojia Dill Xuehui Na- 
tional Geographic Society 
MM dimian n the earth’s surface, ground 
M££ diqiu n the earth 

diqiu kexue earth science 
ME diqu n region, area 
M^r 1 dishi n physical features of a place, 
terrain 

MU, ditan n carpet ($c zhang) 

M^ ditie n underground railway, subway 
MIH ditu n map ($c zhang) 

MHIJJfrdituce atlas 
MflE diwei n status, position 



M~F dixia N underground 
MTM^ dixia shangchang under- 
ground shopping center 
M~Ft® (Mffc) dixia tielu (ditie) under- 
ground railway, subway 
MTf?^^ dixia tmgchechang parking 
garage, underground carpark 
MM dixfng n topography, terrain 
MM dizhen n earthquake, seism (i$j 
chang) 

MM dizhT n address 
MM - dizhi n geology 
MJMiJiJit dizhi diaocha geological 
survey 

MM^^dizhixuejia geologist 
► dl n the Supreme Being 



( 

W 



diguo n empire 

diguozhuyi imperialism 
di n younger brother 



% 



didi younger brother 
dimei N 1 younger brother and 
younger sister 2 younger brother’s wife 
dixiong N brothers 

trad MS v hand over, pass on 



! kuaidi fast delivery (of mail) 
rkuai di fuwu fast delivery 

service 

iH^C dijiao v hand over, present 

dizeng v increase progressively 
‘di prefix (used before a number to 
form an ordinal number) 

H— di-yT the first 

di-yT tian the first day 
di-shf the tenth 

di-shf ke the tenth lesson, Lesson 

10 

di-sanzhe n third party, one who 
has an affair with a married person 
diam trad M v bump, jolt 



tfltf dianbo v bump, bump along 

diandao v turn upside down, reverse 
llj'fgjjpl diandao heibai confound black 
and white, confuse right and wrong 



39 




WM dianfu 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



WM. dianfu v subvert or overturn in an 
illegal way 

^ dian trad v weigh in the hand 
jJtj- dian trad 1^ I n 1 drop, point, dot 



mo dian ink stain 
TK^shuT dian water stain 
2 (indicating decimal) 

san dian si 3.4 (three point four) 
“hH^H3£ shf'er dian san wu 12.35 
(twelve point three five) 

II m. wd 1 a little, a bit 
W ( — ‘)^ J L — you (yi) dianr... a bit ..., a 
little ... (used before nouns and adjectives) 
2 o’clock III v drip, put a dot, touch 
j&ik. dianhuo v light a fire 

dianmfng v call the roll, do roll-call 
dianran v kindle, ignite 
£>0 dianxTn n snack, light refreshments 



note: The Cantonese pronunciation 
of j&fr is “dim sum.” Many Chinese 
restaurants overseas sell Cantonese-style 
refreshments or snack known as “dim 
sum.” To have such refreshments for a 
meal is “yum cha ,” the Cantonese pro- 
nunciation of yincha, which literally 
means drink tea. 



dianzhong n o’clock 



note: In colloquial Chinese dianzhong 
can be shortened to £( dian, e.g. “SltfeJL 
” "Xianzai ji dian?" "San 
dian." “What time is it?" “Three o’clock." 



MMi dianzhui v embellish, decorate 
dianzi n idea 

JtL&^guldianzi wicked idea, trick 
it} chu dianzi come up with ideas 

rfh dian n standard, law 

rttl. 
y > 

JfcfL dianli N ceremony 
£n#if jiehun dianli wedding ceremony 
jfelfl dianxing adj typical, representative 
IlSf! dianxmg shill typical case 
tfct dian trad HI n electricity, power, 
electronics 



%-jH dianbao n telegram, cable ({ft fen) 
dianche n trolley bus, streetcar 
(ffl liang) 

dianchf n battery, electrical cell 
(1 j Jie) 

chongdian dianchf 
rechargeable battery 

diandeng n electric light (4 s- ge) 
guan diandeng turn off the light 
JF WTkai diandeng turn on the light 
diandongjl n (electric) motor (a 
tai) 

%JxUfl dianfengshan n Same as 4lj®} 
dian shan 

dianhua n telephone, telephone call 

Ct- ge) 

^C^l%i$wu sheng dianhua cordless 
telephone 

yfdong dianhua mobile phone 
da dianhua use the telephone, be 
on the phone. 

In" •?T%li§gei...da dianhua call ... on 
the telephone, ring ... 

BJf ting dianhua answer a telephone 
call 

dianlan n (electric) cable (^ tiao) 
dianli n electric power, power 
dianlfng n electric bell 
dianlu n electric stove, hot plate 
dianlu n electric circuit 
diannao n computer (£? tai) 
%iB?fc%MbTjiben diannao notebook 
computer 

dianniu n switch (on an electrical 
appliance) 

dianqi N electrical appliance 
^l^ltfjiSdianqi shangdian electrical 
appliances store 

dianshan n electric fan (^ tai) 
dianshi n television 
%MtildianshijTTV set ( « tai) 

MSHfll dianshiju TV show, soap opera 
M&p? dianshitai TV station 
^itfefj&youxian dianshi cable TV 
kan dianshi watch TV 
diantai n radio station 
diantl n elevator, lift (§1$ bu) 



40 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



die 



cheng diantT go up/down by 
elevator 

dianymg n movie, film (i$j chang, 1$ 
bu, y b ge) 

^i^Ildianymgpiao film ticket 
%i£P%dianymgyuan cinema, cinema 
complex, movie theater (HE zuo) 

kan dianymg watch a film, go to 
the movies. 

dianyuan n power supply, mains 
tfi-f- dianzT n electron 
%-?“XikdianzT gongye electronics 
industry 

dianzT heka e-card 
dianzT youjian e-mail 
dianzT youxi electronic game 
dian TRAD IS I v put something 
under something else to raise it or 
make it level II n mat, pad, cushion 
Hr7dianzi mat, pad, cushion 
* dian n Same as shangdian 



JS' 



Ji$pi dianyuan n sales clerk, shop assistant 
4 lft dian v keep thinking about, remem- 
l/H ber with concern 
ffiiE dianji v keep thinking about, remem- 
ber with concern 
,VV dian as in dianfen 



dianfen n starch, amylum 
BTtdian n hall (in a palace, temple, 
etc 0 

diao v carve 

ifH fudiao relief (sculpture) 
^tffshi'diao stone carving 
jH^lJ diaoke v carve, engrave (a work of art) 
HI! diaosu n sculpture 
JHHl diaoxiang n statue 
diao adj sly, tricky 






<JM. diaonan make things unnecessarily 
difficult in order to harrass 
diao v hold in the mouth 






diao v fall, drop 



note: diao is often used after a verb, as 

a complement to mean finish (doing ...), e.g. 

chldiao eat up: 

ShuTguo dou chldiao le. The fruit is all 
eaten up. 

maidiao sell out: 

Na xie shu hai meiyou maidiao. 
Those books aren't sold out yet. 
ffljW rengdiao throw away, discard: 

Xti&T, msmi Zhe 
jian yifu tai xiao le, bu neng chuan le, 
nT rengdiao ba! This dress is too small for 
you. You’d better throw it away. 

wangdiao forget: 

Zhe jian shi wo zenme ye wang 
bu diao. I can’t forget this incident, no mat- 
ter how hard I try. 



diao trad v to fish with hook 
and line, angle 

m diao TRAD sin v I exchange, swap 
2 transfer 

m diaocha I v investigate II n investiga- 
tion 

ijf^llldiaochatuan investigation team 
iJttAM diaocha renyuan investigator 
Ia/J diaodong v transfer to another post 
^ijfiJI^XfbshenqTng diaodong 
gongzuo apply for a job transfer 
fill diaodu v dispatch (vehicles or workers) 
diaohuan v exchange (a purchase, a 
seat, etc.) 

diao trad ^ v hang, suspend 



B 



_h$ shangdiao hang oneself (to commit 
suicide) 

diaoche n crane (a heavy machine) 
rfjJj' diaohuan n rings (in gymnastics) 
diaoxiao v revoke (a license, a 
permit, a certificate, etc.) 

diaoxiao yrngye zhi'zhao 
revoke a business permit 

di v 1 fall, tumble 2 (prices) fall, 

A ' drop 

^ di n dad, daddy 



41 




die 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



diedie dad, daddy 
ttfr die n small dish, small plate 



l^'J'diezi small dish 
^ilchadie saucer 
ijtfj die n butterfly (See hudie) 



T 



. die trad ® v pile up 
ding n small cube 



$IT roudlng diced meat 

ding trad iT n (metal) nail 



IT 

PT 

m, 

BT 



ding v 1 (of mosquitos) bite 
2 remind repeatedly 
dTngzhii v urge repeatedly, exhort 
ding v gaze, stare 



TT 



iTf$ dingyue v subscribe (a newspaper or 
magazine) 

•■ding trad iT v drive a nail into 



ir 



-rp* dTng trad Uf I n top (of the head), 
peak, summit 
lill^shandTng peak 

toudlng crown of the head 
Jlljft wudTng roof 

II v carry on the head, hit with the head 
dlngdian n zenith, apex 
dTngduan n top, peak 
*■ di ng trad IT v book 



iTJ^Tfil ding fangjian reserve a hotel/ 
motel room 

iTM ding piao book tickets 
iT^ding zuo book a table (at a restau- 
rant) , book a seat (in a theater) 

note: /e ding can also be used in this 
sense, e.g. = iTSlBj. 



ding I v fix, set, determine II adj 
/ fixed, set, decided 
/ElII ding'e n quota (for sales, produc- 
tion, etc.) 

^^li^^f^wancheng xiaoshou 
ding'e fill a sales quota 

dingjia n fixed price, price 
dingju v start living in a place, settle 
down 

/J-JJI ding IT n theorem (^ tiao) 

dingliang v determine the quantity of 
/EltiTTif dingliang fenxT quantitative 
analysis 

ding lu n (scientific) law 
dingql adv at regular intervals 

dingql weixiu cheliang 
regular maintenance of vehicles 

dingwei v determine the position of 
^'feT^dingweiyf GPS navigation sys- 
tem, GPS 

^'14 dingxing v determine the quality of 
^'I^TJfdingxing fenxT qualitative 
analysis 

feSi dingyi n definition 
"F/jL^xia dingyi give a definition 
- qp diu v lose, throw away 

diulian lose face, be disgraced 
diu-san-la-si v be forgetful, be 
scatter-brained 

note: $ 3 - here is pronounced as la, not its 
usual luo. 



iTS^l dinggou v place an order 
iTP dinghu n subscriber (to a newspaper 
or magazine) 

iT#lf dinghun v be engaged (for marriage) 
iltl^Tadinghun jiezhl engagement 
ring (#t mei, K zhl) 
fH- 'iTSf he. ..dinghun be engaged to ... 
iTln dinghuo v order goods (in bulk), 
order 

TTm#- dinghuodan (written) order (f# 
fen) 



diushi v lose 

dong trad ifC n east, eastern 

dongbei n northeast, the Northeast 

note: dongbei as a specific geo- 

graphical term refers to the northeastern 
part of China, which used to be known in 
the West as Manchuria. 



42 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



S dong 



dongbian n the east side, to the east, 
in the east 

^itdongdao n host 

dongdaoguo host country 
dongdaozhu host (usually for an 
official function) 

dongfang n the East, the Orient 
dongmian n Same as dongbian 
dongnan n southeast 
dongxi n 1 thing, things ("b ge, # 
jian, ft zhong) 2 a person or animal 
(used affectionately or disapprovingly in 
colloquial Chinese) 

note: dongxi, which literally means 

east and west, is an extremely common 
“all-purpose” noun that can denote any 
object or objects in Chinese. More exam- 
ples: Mama chuqu 

mai dongxi le. Mother’s gone shopping.', 
Tushuguan IT bu 

neng chT dongxi. No food in the library. 
dong n winter 

^HPdongji winter season 
dongtian n winter 
dong as in dongshi 

j|$- dongshi n director (of a company), 
trustee 

M^P-^dongshizhang chairman of the 
board of directors 

£ dong v comprehend, understand 

note: IS is often used after another verb as 
a complement, e.g. 

$111 diidong read and understand: 3^2^45 
Zhe ben shu wo dule 
liang bian cai dudong. I understood this 
book only after reading it twice. 

Iftit kandong see (or read) and un- 
derstand: lo Zhege 

dianying wo meiyou kandong. I didn’t 
understand that movie. 

Bffflt tlngdong listen and understand: f^DJr 
Wo ting de dong 



yixie jiandan de Zhongwen. I can under- 
stand a little simple spoken Chinese. 

iilll dongshi adj be sensible 
sjj d6ng trad v move, act 



5jjX donggong v begin construction 
sjjfJl dongjT n motive, intention 
3frlJlX^tL dongjT buchun with hidden 
motives 

sljf^ddngjing n signs of activity 

dongli n 1 source of power, power 
2 driving force (to do something), 
motivation 

^Ldongluan n (social) turmoil, 
upheaval 

dongmai n artery 
i^jS^zhu dongmai main artery 
SJjA dongren adj moving, touching 
zj]# dongshen v start (a journey), set off 
(on a journey) 
ziftX dongshou v start work 

dongtai N general tendency of af- 
fairs, developments 

keji dongtai developments in 
science and technology, what’s new in 
science and technology 
dongwu n animal (K zhT) 
^ij^j^dongwuxue zoology 
zjjfflJlEI dongwuyuan zoo 
sjjfH dongyao v waver, vacillate 

jue bu dongyao will not 
waver, be very firm and determined 
dongyong v put to use, draw on 

dongyong yubei jin draw on 

reserve fund 

sfrjn dongyuan v mobilize 

dongzuo n movement (of the body) 
y^- dong trad v freeze 

dongrou frozen meat 
roudong jellied meat 
Tk^^shuTguodong fruit jelly 
dongjie v freeze 

X^$£n gongzl dongjie wage freeze 
’ktu dong trad IP m. wd (for build- 
ings) 



43 




B dong 

— yf dong gudian 
fengge de xiao lou a nice house in clas- 
sical style 

dong n hole, cave, cavity 



115 



dou adv all, both, without exception 



note: When words like meitian 
(every day), mei ge (every one), 
dajia (everybody) or suoyou de 

(all) are used, they usually occur with the 
adverb ff|$ dou. 

JgjdolH n pocket, bag II v 1 wrap up 
JU 2 move around 3 canvass, solicit 
dOU v shake, tremble 



*4 

m 

4 



i dOU adj steep, precipitous 
dOU trad H v fight 



4#- douzheng I v struggle, fight II n 
struggle, fight 

4& douzh n will to fight, militancy 
■q dOU n bean, pea 

S’? douzi bean, pea 
Sjtt doufu n bean curd, tofu 
jgjfc doujiang n soybean milk 
*0 dOU v play with, tease 
ill? douliu v stay briefly 
# dQ n big city, metropolis 

]=ni|$sh6udu capital city, capital 
^ISTfT dushi n big city, metropolis 
^. dQ v supervise 

HIaE ducu v supervise and urge 
•=*? du n 1 poison, toxin 



^^dushe poisonous snake 
4^$shedu snake’s venom 
S^Syoudii poisonous, venomous 
2 narcotic drug (e.g. heroin, cocaine, etc.) 
WM: fandu drug trafficking 
^^xTdu drug taking 
Hill duhai v poison 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



duhai qTng shaonian poison 
the minds of young people 
Hltlm dupln Same as Hi du 2 
Hill duyao n poison, toxicant 

du trad M adj solitary, alone 



«■ 



Mi£ ducai v establish a dictatorship, rule 
arbitrarily 

$fel£#ducaizhe dictator 

ducai zhengquan dictatorial 

regime 

M^i duchang n (singing) solo 
Mill' HrM^I nangaoyTn duchang tenor 
solo 

Mi dull v be independent 
Mltf dute adj unique, distinctive 
MI^WK^dute de fengge unique style 
MS duzl adv all by oneself, alone 
MS^$£duzi luyou have a holiday all 
by oneself 

MU duzou n solo performance on an 
musical instrument 

ke sT guan duzou 

saxophone solo 

'^.du trad II vl read, read aloud 2 
r attend (a school), study (in a school) 

xiaoxue/ 

zhongxue/ daxue attend a primary 
school/high school/university 

note: (1) In colloquial Chinese, il£ du 
may be replaced by S kan when used in 
the sense of read, e.g. S4S kan shu, S 
kan bao. (2) When used in the sense of 
attend (school) or study (in a school) i|c du 
may be replaced by ^ nian to become ^ 
nian xiaoxue/zhbngxue/ 
daxue, which is more colloquial. 

dushu v 1 read 2 be a student, study 
(in a school) 

diiwii n reading material 

ertong duwu children’s books 
iH# duzhe n reader 
du v block 

£jtli duse v block 

jiaotong duse traffic jam 



44 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



1 du v gamble 



E 



: lf dubo v gamble 

duchang n gambling house, casino 
du n stomach 



Ii-?duzi abdomen, stomach, belly 
t^du I n limit, extent 

nandu degree of difficult 
IIm. wd degree (of temperature, longi- 
tude, latitude, etc.) 

Sii duguo v spend (a period of time) 
fitfe du v cross (a body of water, e.g. a 
river, a strait, etc.) 
duchuan n ferry boat, ferry tiao) 
/if P dukou n a place where people or 
things are carried across, ferry landing 
jUtffc dulun n ferry boat, ferry (It sou) 
^pdu trad v plate 

If is dujln v get gilded 
f du v be jealous 






Xt#® duldeqT 

yf duan lu a section of a road / 
street, part of a journey 

‘duan trad if v 1 break, snap 
2 break off, cut off 
duan dian cut off electricity 
®T#J3duan nai wean (a child) 

©fxR duan shuT cut off water supply 
duanding v conclude 
IDtIDt^^ duan-duan-xu-xu adv off and 
on, intermittently 
|$f£§ duanjue v break off, sever 
®T^^^5c^duanjue maoyi guanxi 
break off trade relations 

duan trad Wi v forge, shape metal 

duanlian v undergo physical train- 
ing, do physical exercises 
Apt duan trad Wi See chouduan 
L satin, duanzi satin 
dul v heap up, pile up 






JfUR duiji v pile up 

1 du! trad S’ v treat, deal with 



duji v be jealous of 
mWlAmrn/mauii bieren de 
caifu/chengjiu be jealous of someone’s 
wealth/achievements 
dujixin n jealousy 

-UJ-i duan v carry ... level with one or 
both hands 

i/ffijIE duanzheng adj upright, proper 
duan adj (of length, time) short 

M£h duanchu n shortcoming, defect 
MiS duancu adj very brief 
M80 duanq n short-term 
Min duanxin n text message (by cell 
phone) , text 

Mff JUl# duanxinxT fuwu short mes- 
sage service (SMS) 

MW duanzan adj short and temporary, 
momentary 

PH* duan m. wd section (for something 

+5tlong) 

-mm yf duan jingli an experience in 
life 



It 



-q-L 2 du! TRAD fj - PREP 1 opposite 
2 Same as Xf^F 1 duiyu 
Xtj^ dui'an n the other side of the river, 
lake or sea 

Xttfc duibT v compare and contrast 
Xt'T'® duibuqT idiom I’m sorry, I beg your 
pardon 

note: Xf^|£ duibuqT is a very useful 
idiomatic expression in colloquial 
Chinese. It is used when you’ve done 
something wrong or caused some 
inconvenience to others. For more formal 
occasions, use ijf qTng yuanliang 
please forgive me. 

X^Jji duice n countermeasure 
X^ffc duichen adj symmetrical 
^Xtffc buduichen asymmetrical 
X^j# duidai v treat (people), approach 
(matters) 

Xt#® duideqT v be worthy of, not let 
down 



45 




MJj du'ifang 

^#^^ll'duldeqT liangxln be at peace 
with one’s conscience 

MJ] duifang n the other side, the other 
party 

Xt'ft duifu v cope with, deal with 

Xtii§ duihua I v have a dialogue II n 
dialogue 

Xtt/l duikang v antagonize, oppose vigor- 
ously 

Mil duili v oppose, be hostile 

Xfl&dulian n antithetical couplet written 
on scrolls 

Xt® duimian n opposite, the opposite 
side 

Xt^-duishou n opponent 
la^X^^jingzheng duishou opponent 
in a competition, rival 

MM- dui xiang n 1 person or thing to 
which action or feeling is directed, 
object 2 marriage partner, fiance(e) 
•t^Xtl^zhao duixiang look for a mar- 
riage partner 

XtjS duiying adj corresponding 
X^Jiiiif] duiying cf corresponding word 

X^M duizhao v contrast and compare, 
refer to 

Xt^T 1 duiyu prep 1 (introducing the object 
of an action) regarding 2 (indicating a 
certain relationship) to, towards 
* 3 dill trad fit adj correct, true 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



M 



PA 



dui TRAD [ : 



^f^§A,lanqiudui basketball team 
/tLfl^zuqiudui soccer team 
RMS duiwu n troops 

duiyuan n member of a team 
duizhang n team leader 
dui v exchange, convert 






note: X^f'f'Xt dui bu dui is used at the end 
of a sentence to form a question, e.g. 4 1 

Zhonghua wenming shi shijie shang zui 
gulao de wenming, dui bu dui? Chinese 
civilization is the oldest in the world, isn’t it? 

Xt^t duitou adj correct, on the right track 
^X^f^ buduitou wrong, not right 
■^_L 4 dui trad Pit m. wd pair, two 
(matching people or things) 
~~M^Mi yi dui huapfng two matching 
vases 

“Xt^lS y i dui fuql a couple (husband 
and wife) 



JnL$fe duihuan v (of currency) exchange, 
convert 

J&t&lfiduihuanlu exchange rate 
JnLJffi dui xian v cash (a check) 

m£ dQn TRAD Dfl M. WD ton 

jjg^dun v squat 

dun n shield (See ^jjf maodun) 

jjjjij dun trad $1m. wd (for meals) 

MHt dunshf adv immediately, at once 
^ d UO I adj many, much 

bT...de duo much more ...than 
II num more, over III adv how ...! 
duoban adv probably, most likely 
duokuT adv luckily, fortunately 
duome adv Same as ^ III adv. Used 
in colloquial Chinese. 

duomeiti n multimedia 
duoshao pron how many, how much 
•• •^d/'*fj|...du6shao qjan How much is 
...? 

‘/^W^^rneiyou duoshao not many, 
not much 

note: See note on JL ji. 

duoshu n majority 
duoyii adj surplus 
duo as in duosuo 

duosuo v tremble, shiver 
-fc- duo trad ^ v take by force, win 

<r 

duoqu v capture, seize 



46 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



J~L. duo m. wd (for flowers) 

^fc 



I^ du6v 



hide (oneself) 



IS duobi v hide, avoid, keep away from 

Ife^fwidiiobi zhaizhu hide from the 
creditor 

duocang v go into hiding 
R/L duo v stamp (one’s foot) 

ipfc 

dUO n rudder, helm 
dUO adj be lazy (See landuo) 
r duo TRAD IS V fall 



ISfif duoluo v (of one’s morals or behav- 
ior) become worse, degenerate 



hth. e n (a shortened form of MS Russia 
or Mi# Russian) 

M1H Eguo n Russia 

M3t Ewen n the Russian language (espe- 
cially the writing) 

Eyu n the Russian language 
TRAD SI N goose (K zhi) 

5cS 4 tian'e swan 

e n moth 

iM-^-ezi moth (•'b ge) 

^jZ| e trad H n forehead 

ewai adj additional, extra 

ewai de kaizhT extra 

expenditure 

trad Bffc v extort, blackmail 

iitit ezha v extort, blackmail 
TRAD ^ v vomit 

exin v 1 feel sick, be sickened 2 feel 
disgusted, be nauseated 
ZHe trad H adj bad, wicked 



eryanghuatan 

edu adj vicious, malicious 
ehua v get worse, aggravate 
elie adj very bad, abominable 
^14 exing adj malicious 

exing zhongliu malignant 
tumor, cancer 

exing shijian vicious crime 
Ip: e trad IS adj hungry 

M en n kindness, grace 

_ 

MU en'ai adj (between husband and 
wife) deep, caring love 
MB enhui n kindness that brings about 
great benefits 

M'llt enqfng n lovingkindness 
MA enren n benefactor 

:r trad IS n child, son 



)V 



)l± ernu n son(s) and daughter(s), 
children 

Jill ertong n children) 
JLStfft-f^ertdng shi'dai childhood 
J L"? erzi n son (-'b ge) 

M ar conj (indicating a contrast) but, 
yet, on the other hand 
M-B. erqie conj moreover, what’s more 
er N ear 






erduo n the ear (K zhi) 

Ipf' erhuan n earring (K zhi) 

— k er num second, two 

A— erqian erbai ershfer 

two thousand, two hundred and twenty- 
two (2,222) 

note: See note on W liang. 

HM er-nai n mistress, concubine, kept 
woman 

bao er-nai keep a woman as 
mistress 

Zl^- ershou adj second-hand, used 
ZZf-^ershou che used car 

ershou fang second-hand housing 
— eryanghuatan n carbon dioxide 



47 




fa 



M 



fa 



trad ft v 1 send out, release 



•SfUtfS chuanzhen send a fax 

fa dianzT youjian send an 
e-mail message 

M (^4/1) Mflf fa (shoujT) duanxin send a 
text message (by cell phone) 

2 develop (into a state) 

M$k fabiao v publicize, make known, 
publish 

fabu v release, issue 
^hiEeffabu tonggao release an an- 
nouncement 

^fh^rSIfabu xlnwen release news 
facai v make a fortune, become 
prosperous 

fachu v 1 produce, emit, give off 
2 send out 

$t&fada adj developed, well-developed 
fadian v generate electricity 
M^M fadianchang power plant 
^t%tJlfadianj7 generator 
AA^fehuoli fadian thermal power 
^K^J-SfeshuTH fadian hydro power 
M?)} fadong v launch (a massive cam- 
paign) 

MQ fadou v tremble 
MW fahuT v allow display, give free rein 
to 

M‘K fahuo v lose temper, get angry 
Mifc fajue v find, find out, become aware 
of 

M^ faming I v invent II n invention (Jj/l 
xiang) 

MMM fa piqi v lose one’s temper, flare up 
MM fapiao n receipt (^ zhang) 

Ml& faqT v launch, initiate 
M1& fare v Same as M!^ fashao 
Mffi fashao v run a fever 
Jtitj'J^fa gaoshao run a high fever 
M%t fashe v shoot, launch 
MW $ JIM fashe Chang'd 
yihao tanyue weixlng launch Chang ’e 
No. 1 Lunar Orbiting Spacecraft 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



M^. fasheng v take place, happen 
Mj^£ fashi v pledge, vow 

fashi buzai chouyan vow 
not to smoke again 
MM faxian v discover, find, find out 
Mff faxing v issue (books, stamps, etc.), 
publish 

MM fayan I v speak (at a meeting), make 
a speech II n speech 
^]ifA fayanren spokesperson 
M fayan v become inflamed 
MM] fayang v develop, carry forward 
fayln n pronunciation 
M^ fayu v (of humans) develop physi- 
cally 

MM fazhan v develop 
^M^S^fazhanzhong guojia devel- 
oping country 

^ fa v lack (See quefa.) 

fa trad fU v punish, penalize 

fakuan I v fine II n fine 
^y^J^fakuandan fine notice 
'tSrulfc jiao fakuan pay a fine 
r^fa v fell, cut down 






f^Afamu fell trees, do logging 
fjcAXAfamu gongren lumberjack 
nr* TRAD Hf N valve 

t^J n fa men valve 
fa n method, law 






fading adj required by law, legal 
fading nianling legal age (for 
certain rights) 

Aft fading renshu quorum 
faguan n judge 

'$$1 fagu n laws and regulations 
iAPfl fa I u n law 

J^yS-^^weifan falu violate the law 
f^Jt^^xiugai falu amend a law 
&A faren n legal person 
fating N law court, court 
Fawen n the French language (espe- 
cially the writing) 



48 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



FaxTsT n Fascism 
Fayu n the French language 
fayuan n law court, court 
ra^AK^P^gaojf renmrn fayuan 
supreme people’s court 
^^ARi'/^P^zhongjf renmrn fayuan 
intermediate people’s court 
^DI'J faze n rule, law 
il ziran faze law of nature 
fazhi n rule of law 
fazhi n legal system, rule by law 
'iirir fazi n way of doing things, method 
t£$r?meifazi no way, there’s nothing I 
can do 

2gg fan v 1 turn, turn over 2 translate, 

J interpret 

fUi^fanyi I v translate, interpret 
fE‘ ba...fanyi cheng... trans- 

late ... into ... 

II n translator, interpreter 

dang fanyi to work as a transla- 
tor (or interpreter) 
w, fSn n sail 

Mfrfanchuan n sailboat ($| s5u) 
zg^fan adj foreign, outlandish 

fanqie n tomato (K zhT) 
fan adv every 



A' 



Axl fanshi adv every, all 

note: A*ik fanshi is used before a noun 
phrase to emphasize that what is referred 
to is all-embracing, without a single 
exception. The phrase introduced by AtSI 
fanshi usually occurs at the beginning of a 
sentence, and HP dou is used in the second 
half of the sentence. 



m 



fan trad 'M adj annoyed 



fanmen adj worried and unhappy 
fannao adj annoyed and angry, 
vexed 

MM fanzao adj annoyed and impatient, 
fidgety 



Mlt fanshe 

fan adj numerous, abundant, 

^ complicated 

JlfJP fanduo adj numerous, various 
pTnzhong fanduo a great 
variety of 

fanhua adj flourishing, booming, 
bustling 

fanmang adj busy, fully occupied 
fanrong adj prosperous, thriving 
fantlzi n old-styled, unsimplified 
Chinese character, e.g. f"! for f J. 

NOTE! As literally means compli- 

cated style character, some people don’t 
like the negative implication, and prefer to 
use the term \ traditional character, itf 
or are used in Taiwan, Hong 

Kong and overseas Chinese communities. 
Also see jiantizi. 

fp^jl fanzhi v reproduce, breed 
f^SC fanzhong adj strenuous, onerous 
fan I adj reverse, opposite II v 
oppose 

BIB fanbo v argue against, refute, retort 
Bifc fanchang adj abnormal, unusual 
BM fandao adv Same as ix.rfn fan'er 
B% (J fandong adj reactionary 
yS-^IjMfandongpai reactionaries 
BM fandui v oppose, object to 
yS^t^JEfandui yijian opposing opinion 
J^t^fanduidang the Opposition [party] 
JzM fan'er adv on the contrary (to expec- 
tations), instead 

BM fanfu adv repeatedly, over and over 
again 

j&lS fangan adj feel disgusted, be averse 
to 

dui fade xrngwei 
hen fangan feel disgusted with his 
behavior 

BB fangong I n counterattack, counter- 
offensive II v launch a counterattack 
Bfii fankang v resist, fight back, rebel 
B\1k fankui n feedback 
j&lt fanshe v reflect 
IM^fJjtlt tiaojian fanshe conditional 
reflection 



49 




JsL® fansi 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fansT v think from a new angle, 
reflect on 

Mini fan wen v ask a question as a reply 
JxJ’nJ'frJ fanwenju n rhetorical question 
(e.g. NT nandao buzhTdao 

ma? Don’t you know?) 

fanying n response, reaction 
j&J&fanying v 1 reflect, mirror 2 report, 
make known, convey 
IxiE fanzheng adv anyway, at any rate 
jgfan v return 

oMIUfanhuf return to, come back to 
fanhuf zhuye return to the 
homepage 

?B ,an v violate, offend 

^Blfi^fan cudwu make a mistake, com- 
mit an offense 

fan fa v break the law 
3B$2, fan guT v foul (in sports), break a rule 
3BA fanren n convict 
3BH fanzui v commit a crime, be engaged 
in criminal activities 
3BHiHP fanzui fenzi criminal 

fanzui xianchang crime scene 
1 fan trad $E n model (See 
: D mofan) 

•Jdr 2 fan TRAD ffi n border, mould 

m 

IS® fanwe n scope, range, limits 
frCl fan trad Wl n 1 cooked rice 2 meal 
($1 dun) 

t&Jfi fandian n 1 restaurant (0. jia) 2 hotel 

(M jia) 

note: The original meaning of 
fandian is restaurant, but MM is also used 
to denote a hotel. For example, 

Beijing fandian may mean Beijing Restau- 
rant or Beijing Hotel. 

fan wan n rice bowl, way of making 
a living, job 

fan v buy to resell 

MM fanmai v buy and sell for a profit 
(usually in an illegal way) 



fanmai dupin drug trafficking 
fanmai renkou human traffick- 
ing 

fan I v 1 float 2 flood II adj general, 
extensive 

Wish, fanlan v overflow, flood, go rampant 
fang ADJ square 

-tx:A changfang oblong, rectangular 
lEAzhengfang square 
7fM fang'an n plan, program (for a major 
project) 

A4M fangbian adj convenient, handy 
AMM fangbian mian instant noodles 

NOTE: A euphemism for “going to the 
toilet” is AM^T fangbian yixia,e.g. 

Wo yao fangbian yixia. 

I’m going to use the restroom. 

A^ifangcheng n equation 
A^i^fangchengshi n Same as AfM 
fangcheng 

A^e^I§$ fangchengshi saiche 
formula racing car 
At£ fangfa n method 
AM fangmian N side, aspect 
fangsh; n manner, way 
^tSA^shenghuo fangshi way of life, 
lifestyle 

AM fangxiang n direction, orientation 
Aft* fangzhen n guiding principle, policy 
fang n side street, lane 



w 



■>. . fang ADJ fragrant (See 
2 fenfang) 

A#fangxiang sweet- smelling, fragrant 
A##J$t^fangxiang de meigui fra- 
grant roses 

fang n fat (See la jljj zhTfang) 

IA f " ng v prevent, guard against 

lAAfanghuo fire prevention 
lAA^tfanghuoqiang firewall 
$j$ffangbing disease prevention 
|$j$EEfangdao anti-burglary measures 
[Sfrf/ 1 fanghu v protect, shelter 



50 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fei...buke 



J5^*^fanghulfn shelter forest 
l^pj 1 fangshou v defend, guard 
fangxian n defense line 
Kp/H fangxun n flood prevention 
® fangyi n epidemic prevention 
I^Efffangylzhen inoculation 

da fangyizhen be inoculated 

(against) 

RfjfiiP fangyu v defend (usually in wars) 
lh fangzhT v prevent, guard against 
[$f/p fangzhi v prevent and treat (diseases) 
if fangzhT bingchonghai pre- 
vention and treatment of plant diseases 
and elimination of pests 
* fang v hinder, impede 



w 



fang'a v hinder, hamper, disturb 
^ f ang n 1 house ((it zhuang) 

^^•caofang thatched cottage 

loufang house of two or more 
levels 

^^pfngfang single-story house, bun- 
galow 

2 room (faj jian) 

bingfang sickroom, hospital ward 
^^•kefang guestroom, spare room 
fangchan n real estate, property 
Jiff^^fangchanshang real estate agent, 
housing developer 
i^H^fangdai n home loan, mortgage 
fangdong n landlord, landlady 
BrflJ fangjian n room (|a] jian) 
^Mfangwu n houses, buildings 
^-f-fangzi n house, housing 
^fLfangzu N rent (for housing) 

» fang v imitate 



W 



#ff$j fangfu v be like, be alike 

fang TRAD $§ v spin (into thread/ 
r/4 yam) 

fangche spinning wheel 
fangzhT v spin and weave 

fangzhT gongye textile indus- 
try 

fangzhTpTn textile goods 
'-5- fang trad Wj v visit 



ijjfn] fang wen v visit, interview 
* fing v put, put in 

jtfCk. fangda v enlarge, magnify 
^^ftfangdajing magnifying glass 
MU fangjia v be on holiday, have the 
day off 

fangqi v abandon, give up 
Jfctt fangshe v radiate 

fangsheke department of radiol- 
ogy (in a hospital) 

fangsheke zhiliao radio- 
therapy (= fangshe liaofa) 

fangsong v relax, rest and relax 
jfc'b fangxln v set one’s mind at ease, be 
at ease 

MP 1 fangxue v 1 (of schools) be over 
2 (of pupils) return home after school 
fangying v show (a movie) 

TRAD fH V fly 



T 



HtJl feijT n airplane (^5 jia) 
feijTpiao air ticket 
HtH^feijlchang airport 
iFF llfJl kai feijT pilot a plane 
^/^Utilzuo/cheng feijT travel by 
plane 

feikuai adj with the speed of a flying 
object, very fast 

TSfl feixiang v circle in the air (like an 
eagle), hover 

"TSfl feixmg v (of aircraft) fly 

feixfngyuan n aircraft pilot 

"TSSDc feiyue I v go forward in leaps and 
bounds II n sudden and rapid develop- 
ment 

fei adv not, do not 






w 



fei...buke adv have no choice 
but to ..., simply must ... 

note: fei...buke is used to 

emphasize the verb after ^ fei. buke 
may be omitted, e.g. 

pf c Wo JTntian fei xiewan zhege baogao. 
I simply must finish writing this report today. 
Instead of 4K we can also use feidei 



51 




## feichang 

e.g. 

crCF 6 !)- Wo jintian feidei xiewan zhege 
baogao (buke). 

feichang I adv unusually, very II adj 
unusual, out of the ordinary 
3MMWf®ich£ng shijian unusual 
incident 

3MHHK feichang cuoshT emergency 
measures 

^'HLfeidan Same as ^vffi budan 
feifa adj illegal, unlawful 
#££MJ§feifa tongju illegal cohabitation 
Feizhou n Africa 
^ fei as in iBPlP kafei 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



m 1 

IB 



fei adj fat, fattened 



note: HE fei is normally used to describe 
animals. It is insulting to use it to describe 
humans. 

JB^4*feiliao n fertilizer 
OTlJBf4y6ujT feiliao organic fertilizer 
JB$C feiwo adj (of soil) fertile 
IB-% feizao n soap kuai) 
IB-^r^feizaofen detergent powder 
jig fei n bandit 

M^feibang gang of bandits, criminal 

gang 

feitu bandit, criminal gangster 
trad W v slander 

fei bang v slander, libel 
n the lungs 

feiqizhong pulmonary emphy- 
sema 

jjrjijfcfeiyan pneumonia 

trad It I n fee, charge 

^JlSguanlTfei administration charge 
jTchangfei airport tax 
7jC%SshuTdianfei water and electricity 
bill 

xuefei tuition fee 



jiaofei pay fees, a charge, etc 
II v cost, spend 

WT feile jiu-niu-er-hu zhT 

li idiom spend the strength of nine bulls 
and two tigers, make tremendous efforts 
feili adj requiring great effort, 
painstaking 

feili bu taohao do a thank- 
less job 

feiyong n expense, costs 

shenghuo feiyong living 
expenses, cost of living 

bangong feiyong administra- 
tion cost, overheads 

fei TRAD IS ADJ useless 

feichu v abolish, abrogate 
Jltii§feihua n nonsense, rubbish 
JMtip feipTn n 1 reject, useless product 
2 junk 

IlttSnlHl^feipmhuishou collecting junk, 
recycling 

JM'H feiqi n waste gas 

j i a n s h ao feiqi paifang 
reduce waste gas emission 
JMffi feiwu n 1 waste material 2 good-for- 
nothing 

JMM feixu n ruins, debris 
‘Jji fei v boil 

i&ISt feiteng v 1 boil 2 seethe with excite- 
ment 

/k fen I v 1 divide 2 distribute 3 dis- 
tinguish II n 1 point, mark (obtained 
in an exam) 2 minute III m. wd (Chinese 
currency: 1 ft fen = 0.1 M jiao = 0.01 tC 
yuan), cent 

• ■ ft^.- • ...fenzhT num (indicating 
fraction) 

Eift^lH san fenzhT er two thirds 
AftZ . — ba fenzhT yT one eighth 
■ • -l^ft^L ...bai fenzhT ... percent 

bai fenzhT qTshi seventy 

percent 

bai fenzhT sishfwu forty- 

five percent 

iM^fenbian v distinguish, differentiate 



52 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fenbian butong de 
shengdiao differentiate different tones 
(of Chinese syllables) 
i^iffenbian v defend oneself (against a 
charge), make excuses 
iH*!] fenbie v 1 part with, be separated 
from 2 distinguish 

fenbu v be distributed (over an area) 
fencun n proper limits for speech or 
action, sense of propriety 

fenge v carve up, cut into pieces 
fill fengong v have a division of labor 
fen hong v pay or receive dividends 
iMfc fenhua v split up, break up 
fenjie v resolve, decompose 
fen lei v classify 
iHJtfj&fenleizhang ledger 

ba wenjian fenlei 

cundang classify and file documents 
fen If v separate, sever 
fenlie v split, break up 
fen mi v secrete 

W fen mi weiye secrete gastric 

juice 

fen m mg adj 1 sharply contoured 
2 distinct 

fen mu n denominator (in a fraction, 
e.g. “3” in 2 h) 

iHSE fenpei n distribute, allocate 
iHtfc fenp adv in batches, in groups 

fenpT songhud deliver goods 
in batches 

fenq adv by stages, in instalments 
fenqT fukuan pay (a bill) in 
instalments 

i^l^fenqf n difference (in opinions), 
divergence 

f^^^l^xiaochu fenqf settle differences 
^Hjt fenqlng v distinguish 
^tfti^fenqTng zhuci distinguish 
what is important from what is less so, 
prioritize 

fensan I v disperse, scatter 
iJ'ffcf&'^tfensan touzT diversify one’s 
investments 
II adj scattered 

fenshu n 1 grade, point 2 fraction 



Sit fenyong 

fenxl I v analyze II n analysis 
fenxiang v share (joy, benefits, etc.) 
fenzhong n minute (of an hour) 
fenzT n numerator (in a fraction, e.g. 

“2” in 2 /s) 

fen n fragrance, sweet smell 



w 



fenfang adj fragrant, sweet-smelling 
p£ f e" v instruct 

fenfu v instruct, tell (what to do) 
in fen trad adj 1 numerous, varied 
</J 2 disorderly, confused 

fenfen adj numerous and disorderly 
/=? fen n fog, atmosphere 

-fen n tomb 






fen mu n grave, tomb (H* zuo) 
n powder 

Mfftmianfen wheat flour 
#5|ftnaifen milk powder 
l^lftyaofen (medicinal) powder 
IPg fenbT N chalk ( % zhi) 

3$)^ fen mo n powder, dust 
3RW fensui v smash, crush 

n 1 component 2 limit 

l§j)*tangfen sugar content 
iHi;fenliang n weight 

fenwai adv especially, unusually 
fenzi N member or element (of a 
social group) 

^BIliHPfanzuifenzi criminal element, 
criminal 

fen m. wd (for a set of things or 
,!. newspapers, documents, etc.) 

— yf fen ITwu a present 

yf fen wanbao a copy of the 
evening paper 

yf fen baogao a report 
fen trad If v exert oneself 



fendou v fight, struggle, strive 
fenyong adj courageous, brave, 
fearless 



53 




ft fen 

TRAD # n excrement, feces 

fen trad Ilf n anger 

M'lH fen hen v be angry and bitter, be very 
resentful 

fen nu adj enraged, angry 
-4-> feng TRAD M adj abundant, 
plentiful 

fengfu adj abundant, rich, plenty 
fengman adj 1 plump 2 plentiful 
shencai fengman with a full 
(and attractive) figure 
^^^'/ptyumao fengman full-fledged, 
developed well enough to be independ- 
ent 

fengshou n bumper harvest 
+>L feng I m. wd (for letters) II v seal, 
block 

jitff] fengbi v close, seal 

fengjian adj 1 feudal 2 traditional 
(in a bad sense) 

fengsuo v block, seal off 

fengsuo xiaoxT news blackout 
feng trad ]H n wind 



K' 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Jxllq] fengshang n prevailing norm or 
practice (in a positive sense) 
jxlfff fengsu n custom, social customs 
JxUJfc fengwei n special flavor, local color 
Mk fengxian n risk 
f Kft mao fengxian run a risk 
fengzheng n kite (K zhT) 
^M^fangfengzheng fly a kite 
5» ,sn9 trad S adj insane, crazy 

$t$Efengkuang adj insane, frenzied 
fengzi n lunatic, a crazy guy 
feng n wasp, bee 



M,[n]fengxiang wind direction 
RH fengbao n windstorm (i% chang) 
R® fengdu n bearing, (elegant) de- 
meanor 

hen you fengdu with elegant 

demeanor 

R$£ fengge n style (of doing things) 
IfJU^f&guanlT fengge managerial style 
^ftR^jianzhu fengge architectural 
style 

Rjfcfengguang n scenery, sight 
RjprfengjTng n landscape, scenery 
R'M fenglang I n high winds and big 
waves II adj stormy 

fengli n wind force, wind power 
JW fengqi n general mood and common 
practice (of a society, a locality or an 
organization) 

RH fengqu n humor, wit 
WR@you fengqu witty, humorous 
R0> fengsha n sand blown up by winds 



m feng mi n honey 
[[l^ feng n mountain peak, peak (See 
. iJjilil shanfeng) 

hfc feng trad n sharp point of a 
knife 

HrflJ fengli adj sharp 

feng v come upon, meet 

feng-nian-guo-jie adv on 
festival days and the New Year’s Day, on 
festive occasions 

feng trad M n sew 



M 



feng trad M v satirize 



W$|J fengci I n satire II v use satire, 
satirize 

feng v offer, obey, believe in 

m fengxian v offer as a tribute, present 
with respect 

fengxmg v believe in and act upon, 
pursue (a policy, principle, etc.) 

feng trad H, n as ill Mill feng- 
^ huang 

RM fenghuang n a mythical bird sym- 
bolic of peace and prosperity, phoenix 

£j||feng trad it n seam 

JiLiijSItjianfeng chazhen idiom stick a 
needle in a seam ( — > make full use of 
every minute available) 



54 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



F 6 n Buddha 



ffiWt Fojiao n Buddhism 
v negate 

n 

fouding v negate, deny 
foujue v vote down, veto, overrule 
^iA fouren v deny, repudiate 
J/llI fouze conj otherwise, or 
-H fu n man, husband (See AA 
A zhangfu) 

A#3 fufu n Same as AS fuqT 
All: fuqT n husband and wife 

fuqT guanxi marital relation- 
ship 

AA furen n (formal term for another 
person’s) wife 

. fu trad jjt n skin (See j£JJ£ pi'fu) 



KW fuyu 

fuzhuang n garments, apparel 
I^XJk fuzhuang gongye garment 
industry 

fuzhuang shangdian clothes 

store 

fu v float 



jr 



& 



^^^Aii^r^fuzhe laoren guo malu 
help an old person walk across the street 
y JUjt fu (only used in fangfu) 

^fulv obey II n clothing 

lELA fucong v obey, submit to 
fuqi v be convinced 
jjH^r fuwu v serve, work for 
%-m we i... fuwu serve ..., work for 

IEHHHf fuwuql n (of computer) server 
fuwuye n service industry 
fuwuyuan n attendant, waiter/ 
waitress 

note: Though fuwuyuan is used 

to refer to or address an attendant, a 
waiter or waitress, in everyday usage /M®. 
xiaojie is more common (if the attendant 
is a woman). 



W' 



Wm fudiao n relief sculpture 
fudong v float, fluctuate 

fudong huilii floating ex- 
change rate 
Ag fu v capture 



* fu v apply 



WiPj fu yao apply medicine (to a wound) 
fuyan v go through the motions, be 
perfunctory 

fu v support with the hand 



£3^ zhanfu prisoner of war 
\¥-M fulu N captive, prisoner of war 
rfm fu m. wd (for pictures, posters, 
Tw maps, etc.) 

— 114*111® y'l fu Zhongguo hua a 
Chinese painting 
Igjjt; fudu n range, extent 

fu n blessing, happiness 

ffift) full n welfare, well-being 

!l wei zhigong mou full 
work for the welfare of the staff 
Th'H fuqi n good fortune 
■W-fif'Hybu fuqi have good fortune, be 
very lucky 

fu trad IS n (of a wheel) spoke 



f fushe v radiate, spread out n radia- 



tion 



hefushe nuclear radiation 
r/rfu v be in accord 



fuhao n symbol, mark 
fuhe v conform to, accord with 
v bend over 

4/1; fu trad (Si n cloth- wrapper (See & 
: baofu) 

-fcpfu trad ISvi touch softly 2 foster 

- j, (a child) 

fuyang v bring up (a child), provide 
for (a child) 

|£]if fuyu v bring up (a child) , educate 
(a child) 



55 




Iff fu 

fu n government office (See lEfcjff 
/jtj zhengfu) 

ffif 10 v bow one’s head, bend down 

# f u n hatchet, ax 

^-f-fuzi hatchet, ax 

±& fu trad v assist, supplement 

Tra 

fudao v coach, tutor 
$$#l|cfudaoke tutorial class, tutorial 
fudao laoshl tutor, teaching 

assistant 

fflil fuzhu v assist, play an auxiliary role 
J|j|fu adj rotten, decayed 

fub£ I adj 1 badly decayed 
j^l^^tSifubai shfpTn food that has gone 
bad 

2 corrupt II n corruption 

fuhua adj degenerate, corrupt 
fulan adj decomposed, putrid 
fushf v 1 corrode, etch 2 make 
(people) corrupt 

fuxiu adj decayed, rotten 
fu n father 

fuqin n father 

note: baba and fuqin denote 

the same person. While baba is col- 
loquial, like daddy , fuqin is formal, 
equivalent to father. When referring to 
another person’s father, SCM fuqin is pre- 
ferred. As a form of address to your own 
father, only baba is normally used. 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



n 



it 



fu v go to, attend 



fll TRAD t 



funu n woman, womankind 
*ftl v pay 






fuchu v pay out, contribute 
fukuan n pay a sum of money 
v 1 be close to 2 attach, add 

fudai adj additional 

fudai tiaojian additional condi- 
tion 

fuhe v chime in with, echo 
WO fujia adj extra 
it'fiWOf^zengzhf fujiashui value- 
added tax 

Ml fujin n the area nearby 
Ml fushu v attach, affiliate 

Beijing ShTfan 

Daxue Fushu Zhongxue a middle 
school affiliated to Beijing Normal 
University 

rt/X fu v instruct (See Pfrl# fenfu, ijRl# 
zhufu) 

^■fu trad WL adj repeat, complex, 

. compound 
Jt p* fuhe v compound 

Fuhuojie n Easter 
fushu v retell, repeat 
Jt>J fuxf v review (one’s lesson) 
fuxlng v revive, rejuvenate 
fuyin v photocopy 
Jt^PlJlfuyinjT photocopier 
JEJ& fuza adj complicated, complex 
M.M fuzhi n copy, clone 
ffifu v cover 



ypL fll trad M v 1 carry on the back 
M 2 shoulder, bear 
fftfH fudan I v bear (costs) 

^fSjSficItfudan lufei bear travel expenses 
II n burden, load 

fushang v get wounded, get injured 
fuze I v be responsible, be in charge 
J^iSAfuzeren the person-in-charge 
II adj responsible 



v cover, cover up 
m ru n abdomen, belly 

H|| 1 fu m. wd (for objects in pairs or 
wJ sets) pair, set 

— glJ^HJL yf fu shoutaor a pair of 
gloves 

“i§!l Bills yf fu yanjing a pair of spectacles 
pfil 2 fll adj 1 deputy, vice-... 2 second- 
PJU ary 



56 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



iilJ'it fushi' n non-staple foodstuffs 
gljik fuye N side occupation, sideline 
SOffcfl! fuzuoyong n side effect 
i^fll adj rich, wealthy 

s 

ii Afuren rich person, rich people 

note: In everyday Chinese, s’ fu is not 
used as much as ^$5 youqian to mean 
rich. 

fuqiang adj (of a country) rich and 
powerful 

ii W fuyou adj rich, affluent 
fuyu adj rich, well-to-do 
ii^ fuyu v have more and to spare 

n teacher, advisor (See Jlipfll shifu) 

m f ' u trad M v bind, tie up 



2^ 1 ga TRAD M MODAL V should, 
ought to 

2 gai trad M v 1 be somebody’s 
turn to do something 2 deserve 

3 gsi Trad H pron that, the said, 

; » the above-mentioned 

note: gai in this sense is used only in 

formal writing. 

& 9ai v alter, change, correct 

HJCfa gaihang change one’s profession/ 
trade 

gaiql change a scheduled time, 
change the date (of an event) 

gaibian I v transform, change II n 
change, transformation 
j3£jiji gaige I v reform II n reform 
ic£31l gaijian v rebuild 

gaijin I v improve, make ... more 
advanced/sophisticated II n improvement 
(JPl xiang) 

gailiang v improve, reform 
gaishan I v ameliorate, make ... 



^PH ganhong 

better/more favorable II n improvement, 
amelioration 

gai-xie-guT-zheng idiom give 
up evil and return to good, turn over a 
new leaf 

j3fciir gaizao I v remold, rebuild, reform 
II n remolding, rebuilding 
IJuE gaizheng v put ... right, rectify 
gaizu v re-o rga nize 

1 gai TRAD V build 
mt 

2 gai trad H n cover, lid 

mt 

jnl-f-gaizi cover, lid 

yangai conceal, cover up 
gai adj broadly, general 

K5L gaikuang n general situation, basic 
facts 

4* SIS#?. Zhongguo gaikuang basic 
facts about China, a profile of China 
MIS gaikuo v summarize 

gainian n concept, notion 
jffc&$gainianche concept car 
Jg^gai v irrigate (See iffM guangai) 

n calcium 

gaipian calcium tablet 
^ gan I v be willing, be convinced 



-r 



*M*)?TXganbai xiafeng idiom accept 
willingly defeat or inferiority 
^It^l&bugan shlbai not be reconciled 
to defeat, not accept defeat 
II adj sweet, pleasant 
■fct'lj* ganxln v be willing to, be ready to 
ganzhe N sugar cane 
gan trad fz ADJ dry 






^P^ ganbei v drink a toast, “Bottoms up!” 
“PM gancui I adj decisive, not hesitant, 
straight to the point II adv just, simply 
-p-ip ganhan n drought, dry spell 
“P£E ganhong n dry red wine 

gan hong putaojiu dry red 



57 




ganjlng 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



^Fi#- ganjlng adj clean 
"FJ/j? ganshe v intervene, interfere 
^^F^jH^ganshe neizheng interfere 
with the internal affairs (of a country) 
"FfS ganyu v intervene, meddle with 

ganyu zlnu de hunyln 
meddle in the marriage of (one’s adult 
child) 

ganzao adj dry, arid 
‘ gain n pole 



*F ? 



%t&FFdianxian gan electric pole, 
telephone/utility pole 
gain n the liver 



If 

¥ 



gan N pole, rod 



IfyiL^diaoyugan fishing rod 
gan n stick 






tfrtfqianggan the baiTel of a rifle 
gan trad 8vl catch up with 
2 hurry up, rush for, try to catch 
jlSLhganshang catch up, catch up with 
®#_hgan de shang can catch up 
j£3>f'_hgan bu shang cannot catch up 
fjHEilmei gan shang fail to catch up 
jiEM ganjln adv hasten (to do something) 
jiEtfe gankuai adv Same as ganjin 
j£F|t ganmang adv hurriedly, hastily 
m g * n modal v dare 



ganyu v dare to, have the courage to 

i=g gan v feel 

H&il] gandao v feel 

j§sjj gandong v move, touch emotionally 

H&ffc ganhua v reform . . . through gentle 
persuasion and/or by setting a good 
example 

ganjT v feel deeply grateful 

H&E ganjue I v feel II n feeling, impres- 
sion 

gankai v sigh with deep inner feel- 
ings (over a revelation, an experience, 
etc.) 

H&H ganmao v catch a cold 



M^tlf ganqfng N 1 feelings, emotion 
2 affection, love 

gan ran v 1 (of a wound) become 
infected 2 (of a movie, a story, music, 
etc.) affect 

JSBI ganshou n impression or lesson 
learned from personal experiences 
ganxiang n impressions, reflections 
JSSHU' ganxie v be grateful, thank 

gan xingqu v be interested (in) 
‘gan TRAD v do, work 



Ff ! 



ganbu n cadre, official (fiz. wei) 



note: ^FpP ganbu is a communist party 
term, denoting party (or government) of- 
ficials. It is not commonly used today. In 
its stead, IeTM guanyuan is the word for 
government officials. 

“F H ganjln n drive and enthusiasm (for 
a job) 

ganjln buzu lack of enthu- 
siasm 

r F5jJ+^ ganjln shi'zu with enormous 
enthusiasm 

ganma adv 1 why 2 Same as { 
zuo shenme 



note: ganma is a highly colloquial 

expression, used in casual conversational 
style. 



$I gang n vat, jar (K zhT) 

^jjgang trad li(I adv just, barely 

gangcai n a short while ago, just 
MM ganggang adv Same as HJ'J gang, but 
more emphatic 

gang trad ili n steel 

UPH gangbT n fountain pen (^t zhT) 

gangcai n steel products, rolled steel 
gangqfn n piano (^ jia) 

IlfIPPtan gangqfn play the piano 
gangtie n iron and steel, steel 
A|rrt gang trad Ili n guiding principle, 
«•'[ outline 



58 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



gangling n fundamental principle, 
guideline 

gangyao n outline, essentials 
gang TRAD fsa n sentry post 

gangwei n post (as a job) 

tuolf gongzuo gangwei 

leave one’s job 

gang n port, harbor 

l§|#haigang seaport 
JirP gangkou port, harbor 

gang n big, thick stick, bar 

tlfl* ganggan n lever 

gao adj 1 tall, high 2 above aver- 
age, superior 

itj|H gaochao adj (of skills) superior, 
consummate 

gaochao n high tide, high water 

gaoda adj tall and big 

gaodang adj top grade, high quality 

lirf^liyirgaodang jiaju fine furniture 
it^gaodeng adj advanced, higher 

gaodeng jiaoyu higher educa- 
tion 

gaodeng xuexiao institution of 
higher education, colleges and universi- 
ties 

iUIIS gaodl n 1 height 2 difference in qual- 
ity, skills, etc. 

note: See note on A<h daxiao. 

ill ft; gaodu I n altitude, height II adj a 
high degree 

gaofeng n peak, summit 

gaofeng huiyi summit meeting 
iti'i!' gaogul adj 1 (of moral) noble, admi- 
rable 2 (of people) aristocratic , elitist 
tB#^^chushen gaogui of an aristo- 
cratic or ehtist family background 
i gaoji adj advanced, high-level 
i#Std^ (ra / J'') gaoji xiaoxue 
(gaoxiao) higher primary school 
(Grades 5 and 6) 
jlf^+^OKftgaojf zhongxue 
(gaozhong) senior high school 





m 



IS gao 

i^^^itgaojf luguan exclusive hotel 
gaokao N university entrance 
examinations 

note: gaokao is the shortened form 

of gaodeng xuexiao 

ruxue kaoshi. In everyday use of the 
language the Chinese have a tendency 
to shorten a long-winding term into a 
two-character word, e.g. JBtffi gushi from 
gupiao shichang share market, 

A A Renda from Af^iri^Az? Renmm 
Daibiao Dahui the People’s Congress. 

gaokong n high altitude 
gaoliang n sorghum 
gaomfng adj (of ideas or skills) bril- 
liant, consummate 

iijlR] gaoshang adj (of moral, behavior, 
etc.) noble, lofty 

gaoshao n high fever 

gaoshao run a high fever 
gaoshen adj (of learning) profound, 
recondite, obscure 
itjj|£ gaosu adj high-speed 
i^iS'^^gaosu gong lu superhighway, 
motorway 

gaoxing adj joyful, delighted, 
willing 

iijlfiLBi gaoxueya n high blood pressure 
iijBi gaoya n high pressure 
itiH^-lxgaoya shouduan high-handed 
measure 

iHift gaoya adj elegant, refined 
r§jli( gaoyuan n highland, plateau 
gaozhang v upsurge, rise 
iii't 1 gaozhong n See gaoji. 
jr=r gao n paste, ointment (See 5FW 
m yagao.) 

gao n cake (See SM dangao, 

Tim zaogao.) 

Tj =3 gao v do, be engaged in (a trade, 

- profession, etc.) 
gaoguT v play dirty tricks on the sly 
gaohuo v vitalize, invigorate 
4*I=f gao n draft (of an essay, a painting, 
TfriJ etc.) 
fitr?- gaozi draft 



59 




gaojian 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fTfiihP dagaozi draw up a draft 
$JfilchGgao initial draft 

gaojian n manuscript, contribution 
(to a magazine, a publisher, etc.) 

At- qao v 1 tell, inform 2 sue, bring a 
PH legal action against 
cf#!j gaobie v bid farewell to, part with 
efjiff gaocf v bid farewell formally 

gaojie v warn sternly, exhort, admonish 
"oijf gaosu v tell, inform 

gaozhuang v 1 file a lawsuit 2 bring 
a complaint (with someone’s superior), 
report someone’s wrongdoing 
irge n elder brother 

kT 



wWgege n elder brother 
nTf ge n song (tf shou) 

RjA 

Pilfcchangge sing a song 
ffcifO gecf n words of a song 
ItM'J geju n opera 

geju yuan opera house 
ft® gequ n song 

MLfritfcft liuxrng gequ pop song 
ifcX- geshou n singer 
fj$M gesong v sing the praise of, eulogize 
ffc ji gexlng n pop star 
geyong n singing 

Ifc^cl^geyongdui singing group, chorus 




MM gebo n arm (K zhT) 
4i £t 9 ( v put, place 






g< v cut 

ge n dove (K zhT) 



nlXgezi dove 

ge v 1 expel, remove 2 transform, 
— change 

j^L-np geming n revolution chang) 
3£§T gexln v innovate, reform 
££ 7jt jishu gexln technological in- 
novation 

M 9 * n pattern, standard 



MMX A ge-ge-bu-ru idiom like a square 
peg in a round hole, incompatible 
MM geju n arrangement pattern, layout 
M^t geshi n format, form 
M^h gewai adv exceptionally, unusually 
g< v separate, partition 

PlU gebi n next door 

gehe n feelings of alienation or 
estrangement, often caused by misun- 
derstanding 

xiaochu gehe banish feelings 
of estrangement by clearing up a misun- 
derstanding 

gejue v be completely cut off, be 
isolated 

JflfirRPfe yu shi gejue be isolated from 
the outside world 

PijSi gelf v isolate (a patient, a criminal), 
quarantine 

HMMrftgM bingfang isolation ward 
trad fill m. wd (the most com- 
mon measure word) 

— XA yf ge ren a person 

liang ge pfngguo two apples 
HXXP san ge gongchang three 
factories 

note: X ge can be used as a “default” 
measure word, i.e. if you do not know 
the correct measure word to go with a 
noun, you can use this one. It is normally 
pronounced in the neutral tone. 

XSlI gebie adj 1 very few, exceptional 
2 individual, one-to-one 
XJL ger n size (of a person) 
itX'NLgaoger tall guy 

note: XJL ger is only used in an informal 
situation. 

XA geren n 1 individual 2 personal 
XAJ^#l&gerensu6de shui personal 
income tax 

XABMAgeren yTnsT personal and confi- 
dential matter, privacy 
get! n individual 
> H4 gexlng n personality 



60 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



XS gongcheng 



''H45F gexing kailang an outgoing 
personality 

gezi n height and size (of a person), 
build 

ge pron each, every 






##3 gebie adv individually 
#^3^iALgebie huijian meet individually 
gebie qfngkuang isolated case 
ge-hang-ge-ye N every trade 
and profession 

ge-shi-ge-yang adj all kinds of, 
of every description 

geshl geyang de 

dianzT chanpTn all kinds of electronic 
products 

ge zhong adj all kinds of 
& § gezi pron each 
# ll ge zi wei zheng each doing 

things in his/her/their own way, adminis- 
ter autonomously 

gei trad Ip I v give, provide II prep 
for, to 

ittlcl geiyT v be given 
^nl^^lrjfgeiyT zhlchf be given support 
44jJ gen I n root II m. wd (for long, thin 
things) 

yi gen kuaizi a chopstick 
$|2|£ gen ben I n essence, what is funda- 
mental II adj essential, fundamental, 
basic 

IHtif genju I v do according to, on the 
basis of II n grounds, basis 

genshen digu idiom deep- 
rooted, ingrained 

genshen digude 

zhongzu pianjian deep-rooted racial 
prejudice 

genyuan n root cause, origin 
^i£lft$i?l|z6ngjiao de genyuan the 
root cause of religion 

gen I v follow II prep with 

genshang v catch up with, keep 
abreast with 

{jlfiitu genqian n near, nearby 

5?fil5i gensu v Same as 1® gen (= follow) 



gentou n i fall 

{^fo^diegentou have a fall, fall down 
2 somersault 

fangentou do a somersault 

^2 gen...yiql prep together with ... 

genzong v follow the tracks of, trail, 
shadow, stalk 

^^SMA^M^faxian bei ren genzong 
find oneself be followed 
geng v plough 

Wt 

gengdi I v plough the field II n 
farmland 

nTiftitfc kegengdi arable land 
gengzhong v farm, raise crops 
geng v change 

genggai v change, alter 
M$& genghuan v replace 
M$&IH genghuan jiu diannao 
replace old computer(s) 

Miff gengxTn v renew, replace 
i$#Mffshebei gengxTn renewal of 
equipment 

MX gengzheng v make corrections 
MXfti^lftifcJifgengzheng cudwu de 
shuju correct wrong data 
geng n stem, stalk 

geng ADV still more, even more 

M# P gengjia adv Same as M geng 
gong n I work 2 worker 



X ! 



j^^j^lXqiche xiulT gong automobile 
repairman ( — > mechanic) 

XX gongchang n factory, works (® zuo, 
W- jia) 

MXX ban gongchang run a factory 
mxr jian gongchang build a factory 
XXX kai gongchang set up a factory 
X^i gongcheng n 1 project, construction 
work (iPt xiang) 2 engineering 
±AX|e tumu gongcheng civil engi- 
neering 

7jC^IJX^shuTli gongcheng water con- 
servancy project 



61 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



X^jlfp gongchengshi 



X^!lf gongchengshi n engineer (fi£ wei) 
,&X^i!lrF zonggongchengshT chief 
engineer 

Xf& gongdi n worksite, construction site 
X A gongfu n 1 time 2 efforts 
I e gonghui n labor union, trade union 
XJ| gongju n tool (# jian) 
XJI^Igongjuxiang tool box 
Xw^ gonglfng n length of service 
Xfj$ gongqian n Same as X^ gongzT 
XA gongren n workman, worker 
^XAdang gongren be a worker 
Xffi gongshang n industrial injury 
Xi^Mftgongshang shigu industrial 
injury, industrial accident 
X^ gongshi n defense works 
XmVtM gongxln jieceng n wage or 
salary earners 

XjT gongxu n industrial procedure 
Xik gongye n (manufacturing) industry 
$£XikqInggongye light industry 
ifB^Xik xlnxlng gongye sunrise 
industry 

MXikzhdnggongye heavy industry 
X1?Ii§n gongyipTn n handicraft (f|- jian) 
Xft gongzT n wages, salary 
X# gongzuo I v work II n work, job (fp 



jian) 

Xft# gongzuo can n staff meal 
-pL. gong n 1 skill 2 achievement, 
merit 

5[jA gongfu n 1 Same as XA gongfu (= 
efforts) 2 martial arts 
#jAJt gongfu pian martial arts film 

Nan gongfu practice martial arts 
gongji n merits and achievements 
5tHJ| gongke n 1 schoolwork 2 homework 
zuo gongke do homework, 
gonglao n contribution, credit 
gongneng n function 
titbit gongnengjian function key(s) 
IjjM gongxiao n effect, efficacy 
^.gong v attack 



gongdu v study hard, specialize 
^^f^i^fegongduboshi xuewei 
work hard to gain a Ph.D. degree 



3&jnL gongke v attack and capture (a city, a 
fortress, etc.) 

JftX gongxln v win the hearts and minds 
of 

^ll'&jcgongxTnzhan psychological 
warfare 

/X 1 ? 5n 9 adj male (of certain 
animals) 

/X 2 gong adj 1 public 2 open, public 
3 fair 

gong 'an n public security 
^■^Mgong'an ju public security 
bureau (police bureau) 

^:£cAM gong'an renyuan public secu- 
rity personnel, policeman 

note: See note on jingcha. 

gongbao n communique, bulletin 
gongbu v make a public announce- 
ment, publish 

-£vR gongch! m. wd (unit of measure- 
ment) meter 

gongdao adj fair, just, impartial 

^ff gongfei N (at) public expense 
^ItllBTgbngfei yTliao medical care 
paid by the government ( — > free medical 
care for government officials and others) 
gongfen m. wd centimeter 
gonggao n announcement (by a 
government agency) 

gonggong adj public, communal 
gonggong guanxi n public 
relations 

gonggong qiche bus 

note: The word for bus in Taiwan is 
X gongche. In Hong Kong, bus is EX 
bashi, obviously a transliteration of the 
English word bus. 

Qff gong jin m. wd kilogram 

Q A gongguanN (shortening of 
gonggong guanxi) public relations 

gongkai I adj open, public II v make 
public , reveal 

gong IT n kilometer 
gonglu n public road, highway (^ 
tiao) 



62 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



ft gong 



itjili^jt&gaosu gong I u motorway, 
expressway 

^ P: gongmrn n citizen 

gongpmg adj fair, impartial 
m^^pmaimai gongping fair trade 
gongqlng n hectare (= 10,000 square 
meters) 

gongran adv brazenly, openly 

gong ran sahuang tell a bare- 
faced lie 

-£HA gongren v generally acknowledge, 
universally accept 

gongshe n commune 
^ gongshi n formula 
^^^^shuxue gongshi mathematics 
formula 

•£^10 gongs: n commercial firm, company, 
corporation {% jia) 

fen gongsT branch of a company 
zong gongsT company headquar- 
ters 

gongwu n public affairs, official duty 
gongwuyuan n civil servant, 
government office holders 
M gongyong adj for public use 

gongyong dianhua n public 
telephone, payphone 

gongyuan n of the Christian/com- 
mon era, ad (Anno Domini) 

gongyuan qian bc (before 
Christ), bce (before the Christian/com- 
mon era) 

[H gongyuan n public garden, park 
(j$ zuo) 

4 *%$} gongyue n 1 agreement, convention, 
pact 2 pledge 

fuwu gongyue service pledge 

'^Mltgbng zhai N government bonds 
'^■fw^gongzhai quan bond 

4HIE gongzheng v notarize 
^liE^bgdngzhengchu notary office 
4HEA gongzheng ren notary public, 
notary 

+H gone adj deferential, reverent 

gongjing adj very respectful, 
deferential 



m 



gong v supply 



gongjT v supply, provide 

NOTE: in in i&in is pronounced as ji, not 
its usual gei. 

/■i* gong n palace 



dian palace 
H§f wanggong royal palace 
gong I n bow ll v bend, arch 

gongjian bow and arrows 
■EFr gong n mercury 



Vi 



gong trad W v consolidate 



5UH gonggu I v consolidate, strengthen 
II adj solid, firm 
^tt^ong n arch 

mn gong men arched gate, arched door 
-ff g° n g adv 1 altogether, in total 
s "\ 2 jointly, together (used only in 
writing) 

gongchandang n communist party 
gongheguo n republic 
dtif gongji v total, add up to 
dtP4 gdngmmg n 1 resonance 2 sympa- 
thetic response 

^l^itP^yYnqT gdngmmg find a ready 
echo 

GongqTngtuan n (shortening 
from Zhongguo 

gdngchanzhuyi qTngniantuan) the Chinese 
Communist Youth League 
dbjn gongshi n common understanding 
dacheng gongshi achieve 
common understanding 

gongtong I adj common, shared 
II adv together, jointly 

gongxing n generality, common 
characteristics 

jih9° n 9 v 1 confess, own up 

Pi^c kougong (criminal) confession 
2 lay (offerings) 



63 




Ja gong 

jC. gon( TRAD ft N tribute 

gongxian I v contribute, dedicate 
II n contribution, devotion, dedication 
wei...zuochu gongxian 
make a contribution to .... 

A-* gOU v 1 strike out with a pen 

2 delineate (the outline of a drawing) 
3 induce, evoke 

•£*j£n goujie v collaborate secretly with (on 
criminal matters) 

v>f-| go IS trad M n ditch, trench (|* 
m tiao) 

'/£)il goutong v link up, connect 
’/^M^jALgoutong yijian exchange ideas 
gOU trad n hook (K zhi) 

f^-^gouzi hook 

gOU n dog (X zhT, ^ tiao) 

mu gou bitch 
/J\<f6j xiao gou puppy 
-j^g gOU trad fS v construct, form 

$$ goucheng v make up, form 
goujian n component, part 
gousT v (of writers or artists) work 
out the plot of a story or composition of 
a picture 

$Jiir gouzao n structure 
|J^j gOU v purchase 

goumai v purchase 

^m^tclTi^^gbumai cai kuang shebei 

purchase mining equipment 

goumaili purchasing power 
gOU adj enough, sufficient 

zugou enough, sufficient 
m g0 adj lonely 

WL gu'er n orphan 
MJLPJtgu'eryuan orphanage 

gull adj isolated, without support or 
sympathy 

gu v (as in gufu) 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



%jj\ gufu v fail to live up to, let down 
ij%^#WI8lIgufu fumu de qTwang 
fail to live up to parents’ expectations 
gu v estimate 






Xttf guji I v estimate, reckon, size up 
II n estimate, approximate calculation, 
appraisal 

M gQ n aunt, woman 

MM gugu N Same as guma, espe- 
cially as a colloquialism 
M^guma n father’s sister, aunt 
M#gumu n Same as guma, espe- 
cially used in writing. 

M£fl guniang n unmarried young woman, 
girl, lass 

^cM^daguniang young woman (usu- 
ally unmarried) , lass 
<MBi#xi3o guniang little girl 

note: guniang is a colloquial word. 

When used to mean unmarried young lady, 
guniang is used together with the 
word xiaohuozi (young man), e.g. 

Guniang xiaohuozi 

dou ai renao. Young people all like having 
fun. 

Mil guqie adv tentatively, for the time 
being 

IS 90 n mushroom 

^|§xianggu dried mushroom 
gu adj ancient 






l*ffk gudai n ancient times 
iJfJfi- gudian adj classical 

gudian ylnyue classical music 
l*f it gudong n antique, old curio (# jian) 
^"&Mlaogudong old fogey ("b ge) 
guguai adj weird, queer 

xrngwei guguai behave 

strangely 

guji n historic site, place of historic 
interest 

gulao adj ancient, time-honored 



64 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



gu n drum 

jtfclJfc guchuT v advocate, preach (usually 
wrong and harmful ideas) 
guli v encourage 

^MUMlwuzhi guli material incentive 
fjf#JMj 7 ngshen guli moral incentive, 
moral encouragement 
jt£ff guwu v inspire, fire up . . . with 
enthusiasm, hearten 
guzhang v applaud 
S'. QU n bone 

w 

gutou n bone (IK gen) 

'M’-p gugan n backbone (denoting people) 
gongs! de gugan the 
backbone (most important staff) of a 
company 

#f*I gurou n one’s flesh and blood 
i jt'tff guzhe v fracture a bone 
JT U n share, stock (in a company) 

gudong N shareholder, stockholder 
gufen n share, stock 
gupiao N share, stock fen) 

I£ 7 ff gushi n share market 
>^>gu trad IS n grain, cereal 






^-J-guzi grain (f& li) 

guwu n grain, cereal (collectively) 
##ffN£guwu jiage grain prices 
jgQU trad M v employ, hire 

guyong v hire, employ 

note: fiHffl guyong is used when hiring 
low-rank employees, e.g. unskilled work- 
ers. To employ a professional, the verb to 
use is pinyong. 

guyuan n employee, staff member 
■ifrsui adj old, former II adv on 
> purpose, deliberately 
tfl 9 - gushi n story, tale 

^ jiang gushi tell a story 
RJT^P-tTng gushi listen to a story 
guxiang n native place, hometown 



877 guahao 

tMM guyi adv deliberately, intentionally, 
on purpose 

iS&PlE guzhang n breakdown (of a ma- 
chine) 

$N^&P$paichu guzhang troubleshoot- 
ing 

trad 11 v attend to, care for 

gucT shlbl idiom pay too much 
attention to one thing at the expense of 
another 

guke n customer, client (fit wei) 

JUjH gulii v have misgivings, worry 
fj^ji 3 l gulii chongchong be filled 
with misgivings 

JIII'r] guwen n advisor, consultant (fu wei) 
IdFl 9 U 1 adj secure, solid II v secure, 
IHJ consolidate, strengthen 
[H/E: guding v fix, make immovable 
U^^guding zTchan fixed assets 
guran conj granted (that), although 
gut! n solid matter, solid 
guyou adj inherent, innate 
[Htft guzhf adj obstinate, stubborn 
[SlfftEJiLguzhf jTjian stubbornly stick to 
one’s opinions, pigheaded 

gus n melon, gourd (K zhi) 



JH< 



ill- 1 ?- guazT n melon seeds ($/< ke) 
igua v (of a wind) blow 



M' 



gua adj 1 few, insufficient 
2 widowed 

gu'er guamu orphan and 

widow 

guafu n widow 
8 gu * trad SF v hang 

guagou v hook up, couple together 
877 guahao v register (at a hospital) 
££-§•11 guahao fei registration fee, doc- 
tor’s consultation fee 
$£-§*£t guahao chu registration office 

note: In China if you are sick you go to 
a hospital where doctors work in their 



65 




JJhfe guanian 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



specialist departments, e.g. internal medi- 
cine, gynecology and dermatology. 
guahao means to tell a receptionist which 
department you want to go to and pay the 
consultation fee. Dentistry is usually one 
of the departments and a dentist is gener- 
ally considered just another doctor. 



guanian v miss and worry about (a 
person) 

gild adj (of children) be good, be 
well-behaved 

3p?J^guai haizi a well-behaved child 
^giiai v turn, make a turn 

$ji=f guaiwan v turn a comer 

guaiwan mdjiao idiom talk in a 
roundabout way, beat around the bush 
iKSC gU£ I ADJ strange, odd, queer (See 
1 qfguai) II v blame 

guaibude adv no wonder, so that’s 

why 

guar trad Hvi close 2 turn off, 
~ C switch off 



ba 

diandeng/dianshi ji/ luymji/jiqi 
guandiao turn off the lights/TV/record- 
er/machine 
3 v concern, involve 

guanbi v close down, shut down 
5c®til^guanbi jTchang shut down the 
airport 

guanhuai v be kindly concerned 
about, show loving care to 

guanjian n what is crucial or critical 
guanjiancf keyword 
guanjieyan n arthritis 
WMtt^cT^j^fengshTxing guanjieyan 



rheumatic arthritis 
zfcty guanqie v be deeply concerned 
guantou N juncture, moment 
'ffi^il^c^zai jTnyao guantou at a criti- 
cal juncture, at a crucial moment 
JzM guanxi I n connection, relation 

* *W^ci§C he.. .you guanxi have some- 
thing to do with 



mei(you)guanxi it doesn’t 
matter, it’s OK 
II v affect, have bearing on 

guanxln v be concerned about, care 
for 

guanyu prep about, on 
guanzhao v 1 look after, take care of 
2 notify, inform 



note: "Qing ni duo 

guanzhao." is often said by someone who 
has just arrived or started working in a 
place, to someone who has been working 
there longer. It is a polite expression 
meaning something to the effect of “I’d 
appreciate your guidance.” 



ir TRAD I 



I v look at, observe 
I n view, outlook 
MM guance v observe 
^lllTffJ^^ftguance shichang dong- 
xiang pay close attention to the market 
trend 

MSI I guancha v observe, watch 

guanchayuan observer (at a 
conference, especially an international 
conference) 

guandian n viewpoint, view 
guanguang v go sightseeing, visit 
and observe 

guankan v watch (a theatrical per- 
formance, sports event) 

2®^ guannian n concept, sense 

shifei guannian the sense of 
what is right and what is wrong 
guanshang v view and admire 
(beautiful flowers, rare animals, etc.) 

guanshang yesheng 
dongwu observe wild animals 

guanzhong n audience (in a theater, 
on TV, etc.), spectator 

k guan n (government) official 



B 



note: 'B' guan is a colloquial word. 
For more formal occasions, use 'iTM 
guanyuan. 



HTTf guanfang adj official 



66 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



r "n guanggao 



W^r^S>guanfang xiaoxi official news, 
news released by the authorities 
Wit guanliao n bureaucrat 
W^iJ>4guanliaozhuyi bureaucracy 
HfM guanyuan n official (fu wei) 

note: See note on ganbu. 

j^guan n coffin 

liPM" guancai coffin (P kou) 

1 guan v be in charge, take care 

JS (of) 

IfJjl guanIT v manage, administer 
^Jk^JSshangye guanIT business 
administration 

guanxia v have jurisdiction over 
f&p 2 guan n tube, pipe 

If-J^guanzi tube, pipe (fH gen) 

If ill guandao n pipeline, conduit 

m guan trad iH n building (for a 
specific purpose) 

HtHjfanguan restaurant 
^WtttTyuguan gymnasium 
©^tttushuguan library 
Iff-?- guanzi n restaurant (colloquial) (^ 
jia) 

eg guan n the best 

guanjun n champion, championship 
guan v pass through 

J A 

mWJ guanche v implement, carry out 
i [ v m k guan I ADJ accustomed to II n 
: 4 custom, convention 
j1|j$] guanli n usual practice, convention 
dapo guanli break with con- 
vention 

guanyongyu n idiomatic expres- 
sion 

IfH 1 guanyu v be used to, habitually 
flt^Stl^guanyu sahuang be a habitual 
liar 

guan v fill (water, air), pour 

iHift guangai v irrigate 
i^TjCguanmu n bush 



^gguan n tin, jar 

$13^ guantou n can, tin 

guantou shi'pm canned food 

^l guang In light 

^T3fedengguang lamplight 
P07fcyangguang sunlight 
^ 7 ^yueguang moonlight 
II adj smooth, shiny 

guangcai I n luster, splendor II adj 
honorable 

j&^7fc3i£juede guangcai feel proud 
guangdie n compact disk (CD) (M. 
pan) 

7 ^’}^ guanghua adj smooth, glossy 
7 fc$P guanghul I n brilliance, radiance 
II adj brilliant, splendid 
Tfcn: guangliang adj bright, shiny 

guanglm v (a polite expression) be 
present, come 

Huanymg guanglm! You’re 
cordially welcome! We welcome you. 
7 ^ 0 ^ guangmmg adj bright, promising 
7^5^ guangrong adj glorious, honorable 
7 guangxian n light, ray (ill dao) 
:»Lc 2 guang ADV only, sole 



yt- 



7fc$IJL guanggunr n unmarried man, 
bachelor 

fTT^tULda guanggunr remain unmar- 
ried, be a bachelor 

r guang trad Jit ADJ extensive, 
wide 

r*$t guangbo I v broadcast II n broad- 
casting 

guangbo diantai radio station 
guangbo gongsT broadcasting 

company 

YTngguo Guangbo GongsT 
the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) 
HtM guangboyuan newsreader 
guangchang n square 
1*“ guangda adj vast, extensive 
guangfar adj widespread, wide- 
ranging, extensive 

guanggao n advertisement 



67 




ni guangkuo 

guangkuo adj vast, wide 
guang v stroll, take a random walk 

guang gongyuan stroll in the park 
guang jie stroll around the streets, 
do window shopping 
J^ 9U ‘ as in jEfcE!| meigui 

fflgui trad N compass, regula- 

tion, rule 

Mfil guiding I v stipulate, prescribe II n 
regulation 

miS gulf an n standard, norm 
W'aMM fuhe gulf an meet the standard 
gulge n specifications (of a product), 
norm 

»J gulhua v i long-term program 

nian fazhan gulhua 
five-year development plan 
2 draw up a long-term program 
mm gulju I n rule, established practice 
^mm laogulju well-established practice 
II adj well behaved, behave within the 
norm 

m# gullu n law, regular pattern 
Mm guTmo n scale 
»J gulze n rule, regulation 
3ciimPl'J jiaotong gulze traffic regulations 
mmw\ youxi gulze game rules 
MM gulzhang n rules, regulations 
m^'JJt gulzhang zhidu rules and 
regulations (of an organization, an insti- 
tution, etc.) 

f gui trad Iff v return, go back to 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



1)3 1 



H3m^niK guT-gen-jie-dT in the final 
analysis 

!l3*E gulhuan v return, revert 

gulhuan yuanzhu be returned 
to the original owner 
!I3^ guljie v sum up, put in a nutshell 
U3£ft gulna v sum up, induce 
]J3^l3^guTnafa inductive method 
iQuT n silicon 



5±^guigu silicon valley 



TRAD H N tUltle 
haiguT sea turtle 

li guT n boudoir, a lady’s chamber 

lUir gulnu n 1 girl, maiden 2 daughter 
gul n ghost 

JlffftVgu! gushi ghost story 
^Mgu! wu haunted house 
Ji.iiS’ gulhua n wild and ridiculous talk, 
nonsense (aimed to deceive) 

gulhua lianpian a pack of lies 
n rail 

fctjfjlchuguT (of a train) derail 
fjlit guTdao n track, orbit 
-tTfililtshang le guTdao settle into 
normal routine 

4-4' gill n cassia, bay tree, sweet- 
. scented asmanthus 

tiiM guiguan n laurel (emblem of victory 
or success) 

*M 9Ul trad US N cupboard, cabinet 

fMp guitai N counter, bar 
Efca gui trad It adj 1 expensive, of 
m great value 2 extremely valuable, 
precious 

inizJil guijlnshu rare metal, precious 
metal 

3 of noble birth, high-ranking 

guibln n distinguished guest (fu wei) 
inftk guixing idiom your family name 

note: (1) While guixing is the polite 
form when asking about somebody’s 
family name, the polite way to ask 
somebody’s given name is “iff [5], 

"Qjngwen, nfn darning shi...?" jK. 
45 literally means big name. The answer 
to this question is “fSc^XXo” "Wo jiao 
XX." (2) The word ^ gui in the sense of 
valuable is added to certain nouns to mean 
your ... , e.g. vxH guixing your family name, 
jlflll guiguo your country, guixiao 
your school. They are only used in formal 
and polite contexts. 



68 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



xiS guocheng 



j^jH guizhong adj valuable, precious 
mlfe. guizu n aristocrat, aristocracy 
gui v kneel 

®B~Figuixia qu kneel down 
gun v roll 

note: in gun is used to tell somebody 
“get out of here” or “beat it,” e.g. i|£! 
ftjA! Gun! Gun chuqu! Get lost! Get out 
of here!-, ifOf ! Gun kai! Beat it! These are 
highly offensive. 

gundong v roll 
jjjg gun n stick, rod 

H-f^-gunzi stick, rod (j& gen) 
gu trad n pot, pan, wok 

fra 

guolu n boiler 

j=j=j gu trad SI n country, nation 

t*HI Deguo Germany 
m Eguo Russia 
&HH Faguo France 
MM Meiguo the United States of 
America 

HIU YTngguo England, the United King- 
dom 

4 1 m Zhongguo China 
Mm guofa n the law of a country 
®[$j guofang n national defense 
@[^oPgu6fangbu Ministry of National 
Defense 

Hl^zx guohui n (the U.S.) Congress, 
Parliament 

III4H&M guohui yiyuan Congressman, 
member of Parliament (MP) 

Hli^ guojf n nationality 
#BA||®®|®jiaru Meiguo guojf be 
naturalized as a U.S. citizen 
MU guoji adj international 
MW- guojia n country, state 

note: It is significant that the Chinese 
word meaning country — IHI 5 ? guojia — is 
composed of the word HI guo (country) 



and the word jia (family). In traditional 
Chinese thought, China was one big family 
and the country was ruled as such, with the 
emperor as the patriarch. 

mm guoku n national treasury 
HIP: guomfn n national (of a country) 
IUKi'hI Guomfndang N the Kuomintang 
(KMT, the political party which ruled 
China before 1949 and is now a major 
party in Taiwan.) 

[H$i| guoqf N national flag (® mian) 

HHjf guoqfng n the conditions of a 
country 

guoqingjie n National Day 
(October 1st in the People’s Republic 
of China) 

HI3: guowang n king, monarch 
BIBIP guowuqlng n (the U.S.) Secretary 
of State 

guowuyuan n (Chinese) State 
Council, (the U.S.) State Department 
S&Rj&Sl Guowuyuan ZongIT n (Chi- 
nese) Premier 

Hlf guoyfng adj state-operated 
HP# guoy adj state-owned 
gUO N fruit 

guoduan adj resolute 
7Rf^0r^Mcaiqu guoduan cuoshT 
take decisive measures 

guoran adv sure enough, as expected 

guoshf n fruit 

guoshu n fruit tree (M ke) 

Ji:® guoyuan n orchard (ffi zuo) 

. guo trad jivi pass, cross 



w- 



gudlai come over, come across 
(towards the speaker) 

guoqu go over, go across (away 
from the speaker) 

2 spend (time), live (a life), observe (a 
festival) 

ii B"?gud rlzi live a life 
ii^guo nian observe New Year’s Day 
ijti? guo jie observe a festival 
guocheng n process, course 



69 




£t,K guodu 

ii® guodu adj excessive, over- 
t^Mii^ymjiu guo du drink exces- 
sively 

vtlM guodu n transition 
xtib guofen adj excessive, going over- 
board 

iii^Wil^gudfen de yaoqiu excessive 
demands 

iiM guohou adv afterwards, later 
imn guolaosT n death from overwork 
guolii v filter 

guoqu n (something) in the past 
guosh n fault, error 

iil’p] guowen v take an interest in, concern 
oneself with 

it 1 } 1 guoyu adv too, excessively 
>._L. guo trad Ml particle (used after a 
' i. verb or an adjective to emphasize a 
past experience) 



H 



rtA. ha onomatopoeia (sound of loud 
*5 laughter) 

WnPp ha ha onomatopoeia (representing 
loud laughter) 
haqian v yawn 
Adahaqian give a yawn 
“ ha trad M adv still, as before 






idkH haishi I adv still, as before II conj or 
ha n child, children 

haizi child, children 

ha 6 n sea 

'Mff hai'an n seashore, sea coast 
hai'anxian coastline 
haiba n height above sea level, 
elevation 

haiba yibai ml 100 meters 
from sea level 

itUH haibao n playbill, poster 
MfUf&tie haibao put up a poster 
'M'iM haibln n seaside 

haidai n seaweed, kelp 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



haigang N seaport (j^ zuo) 
haiguan n customs, customs house 
iS^^^haiguan jiancha customs 
inspection, customs examination 

haiguan shouxu customs 
formalities 

haiguan renyuan customs 

officer 

haijun n navy 

haimian N sea/ocean surface 
$|B| hai'ou n seagull (K zhi) 
haiwai adj overseas 

haiwai Huaqiao overseas 

Chinese 

haixia n straits, channel 

Taiwan haixia Taiwan Straits 
haixian n seafood 

mm haixian guan seafood restaurant 
haixiao n tsunami 
haiyang n seas, ocean 

haiyang shengwu marine 

creatures 

haiyuan N seaman, sailor 
haiyun n sea transportation, ocean 
shipping 

iMM haizhe n jellyfish 

hai I v harm, cause harm to II n 
5 harm 

^ilFyouhai harmful 
ilF jil haichong n pest (insect) 
ilF#b haichu n harm 

hai pa v fear, be fearful 
liFli: haixiu adj be bashful, be shy 

han v 1 hold in the mouth 2 con- 
3 tain, have ... as ingredient 
hanhu adj vague, ambiguous 
1^0. hanliang N amount of ingredient, 
content 

hanyi n implied meaning, meaning 
han ADJ cold 



handai n frigid zone 
l^fif hanjia n winter vacation 

hanleng adj freezing cold, frigid 
*# hanliu n cold current 

hanxuan v exchange greetings (at 
the beginning of a meeting) 



70 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



han n letter 

£•1 gonghan official letter 
HIS hanshou v teach by correspondence 
^iS^^hanshou xuexiao correspond- 
ence school 
|tfc£ han v shout 



hanjiao v cry out, shout 
han adv rarely, seldom 

^ jjiL hanjian adj rare 

^ han n sweat, perspiration 



if 



tBi-pchuhan to sweat, to perspire 
Art Han trad iH n the Han people 
> (the main ethnic group among the 
Chinese) 

'Mf hanjian n traitor (to China), Chinese 
collaborator (with a foreign country) 
2XA Hanren n a Han Chinese, Han 
Chinese people 

Hanxue n Sinology 
'/j^Pl^Hanxuejia sinologist 
Uia Hanyu n the language of the Han 
people, the Chinese language 



note: In Chinese there are a number of 
words denoting “the Chinese language.” 
iSUtf Hanyu literally means the language 
of the Han Chinese people , in contrast with 
the languages of the non-Han peoples 
in China. vXilf Hanyu is therefore the 
accurate, scientific term for the language. 
However, the most popular term for the 
Chinese language is Zhongwen. In 
Singapore and other Southeast Asian coun- 
tries, the standard Chinese language is 
often referred to as Huayu in contrast 
to the various Chinese dialects spoken 
there. Also see note on UMilff Putonghua. 

Hanzi n Chinese character, sinogram 
^ffiijt^changydng Hanzi frequently 
used Chinese characters , common Chi- 
nese characters 

tSLJfe Hanzu n the Han nationality, Han 
Chinese people 



I hangxian 



E=3 han ADJ (of climate) dry 

hanblngchang n roller-skating 

rink 

hanzai n drought 
v weld 

feJ^Xdianhangong welder 
han v defend, guard 

tfX hanwei v defend, protect 
^X^-nl^jflliihanwei gongsT de liyi 
defend the interests of a company 
han n regret (See yihan) 

hang I m. wd line, row, queue 
I J (used with nouns that are formed 
in lines) 

di-si ye di-er hang line 

two on page 4 

X0fr^Fshi's'i hang shT sonnet 
II n profession, trade 
fr'lW hangqfng N price quotations 
fjllk hangye n trade and profession, 
industry 

#fir4Mk ge-hang-ge-ye every trade and 
profession 

hang v navigate 



I/lJf hangban n flight, flight number 
105 Mitt yao-lmg-wu hangban Flight 
No 105 

Xft^’H^jMfifeiwang Guangzhou de 
hangban the flight to Guangzhou 
MiE hangdao n waterway, channel 
M/H hanghai n (ocean) navigation 
Millie hanghaijia (great) navigator 
hangkong N aviation 

hangkong gongsT aviation 
company, airline 

MSfs hangkongxin airmail letter 

hangkong xuexiao aviation 

school 

MX hangtian n spaceflight 

hangtian feijT space shuttle, 

spaceship 

MM hangxian n ocean or air route 



71 




Iji/fT hangxmg 

Mfr hangxmg v (of a ship) sail, (of an 
aircraft) fly 

Mis hangyun n shipping 
MiS'&lfl hangyun gongs! shipping 
company 

hao adj bold and unrestrained 

m 

haohua adj luxurious, sumptuous 
hao n fine long hair 

hao bu adv not in the least, not at all 

note: hao bu is an adverb used be- 

fore an adjective of two or more syllables. 
For example, you can say HT'' hao 
bu qi'guai not at all strange , but you cannot 
say hao bu guai. 

ill 7 ft haomT n millimeter 

hao wu v have no ... at all, be in 
total absence of 

note: The object of -SkJt hao wu usually 
takes a word of two or more syllables, and 
usually refers to something abstract, like 
H haowu tongqingxTn totally 
without sympathy. 



» 



1 hao adj good, all right 



&P tb haobT v may be compared as, be like, 
same as 

haoch adj delicious 
haoch u n benefit, advantage 
^•••W#?#tdui...y6u haoch u be benefi- 
cial to 

haogan n favorable impression, 
fondness (for somebody) 

ta you haogan be fond 
of him, have a soft spot for him 
haohan n brave man, hero 
haohaor adj normal, nothing 
wrong 

haohuai n what is good and what is 
bad (for somebody) 

buzhT haohuai don’t know 
what is good and what is bad for oneself, 
be insensible 

haojiu adv a long time 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



haokan adj 1 pleasant to the eye, 
good-looking, pretty) 2 interesting, 
absorbing 

hao rongyi adv with great dif- 
ficulty 

note: hao rongyi is an idiomatic 

expression. You can also say 
hao bu rongyi, with exactly the same 
meaning, e.g. ffefH 

T'fto Wo hao bu rongyi zhaodao ta jia, 
ta pian bu zai. I found his home with great 
difficulty, and he had to be out. 

BJf haotlng adj pleasant to the ear, 
melodious 

haowanr adj great fun 
haoxiang v be like, similar to 
haoxln adj kindhearted 
haozai adv fortunately, luckily 
haozhuan v take a turn for the better, 
improve 

4jT£ 2 hao adv 1 very, very much 
2How.J 

hao dud adj a good many, many, 
much 

haoxie adj a good many, a large 
number of, lots of 

note: haoxie is a colloquial word, 

only used in casual, familiar styles. 

» h4 ° v be fond of 

hao chi adj fond of eating, glut- 
tonous 

M*)] hao dong adj hyperactive 
haoke adj hospitable 
^'IW^f^reqmg haoke warm and hospi- 
table 

hao qf adj be curious, inquisitive 
hao se adj oversexed, lewd 
hao xue adj fond of learning, thirsty 
for knowledge 

^ hao v consume 

haofei v consume (especially in a 
wasteful way) , cost (a large amount of 
money, time, etc.) 



72 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



PI hcIO trad Uni order of sequence 
2 date of month 

note: See note on 0 ri. 



haocheng v be known as (something 
great) , claim to be 
77 haoma n serial number, size 
77^3 haozhao v call upon, appeal 
hao adj vast, numerous 



m 



haoda adj huge, gigantic 

haoda de gongcheng a 
huge engineering project 

" he v blow a puff of breath, exhale 



m 



through the mouth 
h< v drink 



note: Rip he (drink) and $§ ke (thirsty) 
look similar. Be careful not to confuse the 
two characters. 

^hevi close 2 co-operate, do in 
PI partnership 

heban qTye run an enterprise 
in partnership 

3 conform with 

^^f^PS^buhe wode kouwei not to 
my taste 

4 be equal to 

'n y£ hefa adj legal, legitimate 
'p hege adj qualified, up to standard 
hehu v conform with, correspond to 
hehu guanll conform with 
normal practice 

hehuo v form a partnership, work in 
a partnership 

he lao tongxue 

hehuo kai gongs! set up a company in 
partnership with an old classmate 
IeHl hejTn n alloy 

he IT adj conforming to reason, 
reasonable, logical 
prill heshi adj suitable, appropriate 
hesuan adj worthwhile paying 
-p*f5j hetong n contract, agreement 
fen) 

•p hezl v pool capital to run a business 



he 



'p'^dkilk hezl qTye joint venture 
-p*^ hezuo I v cooperate, work together 
II n cooperation 
^.he N box 

8Trt. 

J^-f-hezi box (R zhT) 

‘he pron which, what 



w 



M^ hedeng I adj what kind II adv how, 
what 

MM hekuang conj 1 what’s more, 
moreover 2 let alone 
■/t +1 he n lotus 



M^hehua lotus flower 
he n river (^ tiao) 



M 



note: In modern Chinese, yX jiang and M 
he both mean river. Usually (not always) 
rivers in the south are known as yX jiang 
and rivers in the north are M he. 

MiE hedao n river course 
MM heliu n rivers 
|^j he v hinder, obstruct 

h n seedling, (especially) rice 
I seedling 

7^‘S‘ hemiao n seedling (of cereal crops) 
* h ' si conj and II prep with 

t|E he...ylqT together with . . . 

4 he n kernel, core, pit 

hedianzhan n nuclear power plant 
WfihM hefushe n nuclear radiation 
hetao n walnut (® ke) 
hewuql n nuclear weapon 
hexln n core, kernel 
*n he trad S! v congratulate 

K 

^10 hecf n speech of congratulations 
Ifrir heka n greeting card (§£ zhang) 
adj conspicuous, grand 

Mil xianhe distinguished and influen- 
tial, illustrious 



73 




; hehe 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



hehe adj illustrious, impressive 
hehe yoummg very famous, 
illustrious 

nm he adj black, dark 



MBit hei'an adj dark 



heiban n blackboard 
heiye n night 

g^cM^baitian heiye day and night 

E hei interj 1 (used to attract 
someone’s attention in a casual or 
impolite manner) 2 (used to indicate 
admiration) 
hen n trace 



ifa'M shanghen scar 
iJjljiE henji n trace, mark, stain 

adj 1 cruel, relentless 

xlndu shouhen with a vicious 
mind and cruel means 
2 severe, stem 

henhende piping criticize 

severely 

31^11 hendu adj cmel and vicious 
Kll'lj* henxln I adj ruthless II v make a 
painful decision 

xia henxln make a tough deci- 
sion resolutely 

hen adv very, quite 

note: When used as predicates, Chinese 
adjectives normally require an adverb. For 
example, $£itri A Wo gaoxing sounds un- 
natural, while Wo hen gaoxing 

(I’m [very] happy), Wo bu 

gaoxing (I’m not happy) or 
Wo feichang gaoxing (I’m very happy) 
are normal sentences. The adverb hen 
is often used as a default adverb before an 
adjective. In such cases the meaning of 
hen is very weak. 

hen v 1 hate, be angry with 2 regret 
L deeply 

henbude adv how . . . wish to 



NOTE: We use 'ItlT'l# to express a wish 
that is very strong but cannot be fulfilled. 

If we say Ha 

henbude mashang huijia guonian, it 
means it is quite impossible for him to go 
back home right now. 

jjp=f heng v 1 snort 2 hum 

^^^9 I n weighing instrument 
II v weigh, measure 
Hilt hengliang v judge, consider 
lljJl^lJl^hengliang libi consider the 
pros and cons 

heng I ADJ permanent, forever 
II n perseverance 
'I'M' L' hengxln n perseverance 
'IMM hengxlng n star (l^ ke) 

heng ADJ I horizontal 2 violent, 
fierce 

lu n side street 
hengxfng v play the tyrant, run amok 
hong trad II v rumble, explode 

hongdong v cause a sensation 
hongzha v bomb 
hongzhajT bomber 

^ULL hong v dry or warm by the fire, 

Jy roast 

^PfJlhongganjT (clothes) dryer 
A-p hong trad adj 1 red 2 popular, 
£-L favored 

££'§1 hongbao n a red envelope (contain- 
ing money) , bribe 
^I^shou hongbao take bribes 
hongcha n black tea 
hongliideng n traffic lights, 
stoplights 

£LA hongren n a tmsted and favored 
employee or member of an organization 
hongwaixian n infrared ray 
lIlMc hongxueqiu n red blood cell, 
erythrocyte 

hongyanblng n 1 conjunctivitis 
(eye disease) 2 envy, jealousy 
hong n rainbow 



AT 



74 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



huqin 



3§2>£[caih6ng rainbow (M dao) 
t-j-* hone adj grand, magnificent 

5UA hongda adj great, grand 
5653E hongguan adj macroscopic 
^JEi^^hongguan jTngjixue 
macroeconomics 

hongwei adj magnificent, grand 

hong n big 

‘^7jC hongshuT flood 
Jjft h6n 9 v 1 coax 2 cheat, hoodwink 

RftDi hongpian v lie in order to cheat 
jj±t h6r, s n horseplay 

iiSR^qThdng start a horseplay 
it h6u n throat 

fe houlong n throat, larynx 
^•Rjfc^houlong teng have a sore throat 
XljL hOU n monkey 



houzi n monkey (K zhi) 
lt h6u v roar, howl 



Jn 



houjiao v howl, roar 
hOU trad 'iM. n back, rear) 



Jfjifr houbian n back, rear 
jfjflc houdai n succeeding generations, 
posterity 

jj-JTf houfang n rear, behind 
houguo n consequences 
Jn1§ houhuT v regret, feel sorry (for hav- 
ing done something) 

houlai n afterwards, later on 
ji^® houmian n Same as houbian 
hounian n the year after next 
jiEfUj houqi n later stage, later periods 
JfjBfr houqfn n logistics, support services 
jfjlq houtai n 1 backstage 2 behind-the- 
scenes supporter 

jfjA houtian n the day after tomorrow 
houtou N Same as la® houmian or 
jni£ houbian, used colloquially, 
jpii houtui v retreat, draw back 






hOU adj thick 

houdu n thickness 
hOU v wait 



iii# houbu v be a candidate (for a posi- 
tion) 

houbu weiyuan alternative 
member of a committee 

houxuanren n candidate (for an 
election or selection) 
jXr hu particle (added to another word 
! to express strong emotions) (See JL 
^ JThu, {U^- sihu.) 

Hf hQ v 1 exhale 2 shout, cry out 

husheng n 1 call, crying 2 public 
voice, expression of public opinion 
HM huxT v breathe 

huyu v appeal, call on 
hu adv suddenly 

Wtik hultie v neglect, overlook 
M>M huran adv suddenly 
MM, hushi v overlook, neglect 

trad ff n beard, mustache 

iHJ-^huzi beard, whiskers 
^Ij^-^gua huzi shave (beard, whiskers) 
$r h ° adj foreign, outlandish 



note: In ancient China, hu was used to 
refer to foreigners, especially the nomadic 
tribesmen from Central Asia. A number of 
words with hu were created to denote 
objects introduced to China by or through 
these people. Words with hu may also 
have derogatory meanings. 

hulai v fool with, mess up 
ilBfL huluan adv rashly, carelessly 
h huluobo n carrot 
hiinao v act noisily and willfully, 
create a scene 

i^^huqin n a traditional musical instru- 
ment with two strings, also called — ^ 
erhu (}E ba) 



75 




iKH# hushuo 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



(Ili$j) la huqin (erhu) play the fFi hushi n nurse 

erhu 

W& hushuo I v talk nonsense II n 
nonsense 

tEi&Aiti hushuo badao pure nonsense 
i^lij hutong n narrow lane in Beijing 
rxo hu as in shanhu 



^hU as in hulu 

hulu n bottle gourd, calabash 
hu I v paste II n mush, gruel 

hutu adj muddle-headed, muddled, 
confused 

hutu chong n muddle-headed 
person, bungler 
Jj^Jj hu n lake 

hup n lakes 
jjjjjj hu as in ^!(!^ hudie 

4®^ hudie n butterfly 

h U trad H n kettle (Jti ba) 

tR® shuThu kettle 
h U N fox 

M3. hull fox 

pH* hu n tiger (See laohu, 
mahu) 

Tp hu I adj reciprocal II adv mutually, 

- each other 

SflJ huli adj of mutual benefit 
SIM hulianwang n the Internet, the 
World Wide Web 

huxiang adv each other, one another 
2£Ill huzhu v help each other 
r=i h “ m. wd (used with nouns denoting 
households and families) 
hukou n registered permanent 
residence 

P chengzhen hukou urban 
residence 

P nongcun hukou rural residence 
I h U trad IS v protect 



note: In China nurses are almost exclu- 
sively women. To address a nurse politely, 
use JPzt/MS. hushi xiaojie, e.g. tPzb'Mfii 
Hushi xiaojie, wo 

hai xGyao chi zhe ge yao ma? Nurse, do I 
still need to take this medicine? or you can 
put her family name before JHd: hushi, 
e.g. Zhang hushi. 

huzhao n passport (fy fen) 

shenqmg huzhao apply for a 

passport 

hll trad M n a shortened form for 
the metropolis of Shanghai 
Hu -Dong East Shanghai 
• 1 hua n flower (|£ duo) 



ft' 






f^lk zhong hua plant flowers, do gar- 
dening 

note: In colloquial Chinese IkJL huar 
may be used instead of Ik hua, e.g. 

of L o Qu yTyuan 
kan bingren, keyi dai yixie huar. You can 
take some flowers with you when you visit a 
patient in the hospital. 

huaduo n flowers 
huapfng n vase (K zhl) 

cfql huapfng porcelain vase 
IkJ L huar I n Same as Ik hua II adj full of 
colors, mottled, loud 
Ifrfe huase n 1 (of fabric) design and 
color 2 (of a commodity) variety of 
designs, colors, sizes, etc. 

Kffi. huasheng n peanut 
|k:*fe if huashengjiang peanut butter 
Iki5t huawen n decorative pattern, pattern 
im huayang n 1 pattern, variety 
Ik^’/KfrK huayangliubTng figure skate 
2 trick 

fP^jflkff he wo wan huayang play 
tricks on me 

Ik® huayuan n garden (J® zuo) 

-+H 2 hua v 1 spend 2 cost (money) 

3 take (time) 



76 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



, huai 



note: In writing, the character it hua can 
be used instead of hua as a verb mean- 
ing spend, cost, etc. 

huafei I v consume, spend 

daliang xlnxue put 

in a great deal of effort 
II n money spent, expenses 

hu trad §!] v 1 row, paddle 



#J' 



jcijlfr huachuan row a boat 

2 scratch or scrape with a sharp object 

3 be worth the money spent 

#] If huasuan adj worth it, getting 
money’s worth 

hu. adj slippery 

tiffeR huablng v skate (on ice), ice-skating 
JfBk huatou I adj crafty, shifty II n a 
crafty, shifty person 
iftH huaxue I v ski II n skiing 
^jj^hua as in jiaohua 

hu 3 trad W I n China II adj mag- 
nificent, gorgeous 
hua adj gorgeous, magnificent 
huaqiao n overseas Chinese 
A huaren n ethnic Chinese 
huashi n Fahrenheit scale 

h u a s hi wenduji Fahrenheit 
thermometer 

trad n noise 

/j/ hua I v 1 melt 2 transform 
II n chemistry 

-ffcj B huafei n chemical fertilizer 
-f-fcX huagong N chemical industry 
itXr huagongchang chemical plant 
it'a hua he n chemical combination 
it'B huashi n fossil 

huaxian n chemical fiber 
it^- huaxue N chemistry 
ffc^^huaxuejia chemist 

huaxue gongye 
(huagong) chemical industry 
it^t huayan n chemical test, laboratory 
test 



itM^Wn huayan baogao laboratory test 
report 

it'k^ huayan dan laboratory test 
application (a form signed by a doctor 
for the patient to have a test done in a 
laboratory) 

itMM huayan shi laboratory 
it%kfh huayan yuan laboratory assist- 
ant, laboratory technician 
ifc\k huazhuang v put on make-up 
huazhuangpln cosmetics 
hua trad M v 1 plan 2 delimit 



*T 



huafen v divide, differentiate 
hua trad It v draw, paint 

Ml 

[IllSl guohua traditional Chinese painting 
fn^l® qianbT hua pencil drawing 
7jC3|£® shuTcai hua watercolor (painting) 
iftlSlyouhua oil painting 
4»a® Zhongguohua Same as |U® 
guohua 

IjJL huar n picture, drawing (^ zhang, 
i|Jg fu) 

note: You can use ® hua instead of ® 

JL huar,e.g. j£^®®#J£$?! Zhe zhang 
hua hua de zhen hao! This picture is so 
well done! 

®-fH huabao n illustrated magazine, 
pictorial (fft fen, zp: ben) 

MM huajia n painter, artist (fu wei) 

lMj® huamian n image on the screen or 
the canvas 

hua she tian zu idiom add legs 
to a snake ( — > do superfluous things , 
thus causing damage or attracting 
ridicule) 

hua trad IS n speech, what is said, 

tpl words (£} ju) 

iSM'J huaju n stage play (as opposed to 
opera) 

iSilll huati n topic of conversation, subject 
of a talk, theme 

huai n Chinese scholar tree 



t huaishu Chinese scholar tree ($1 ke) 



77 




!I huai 

||H| paihuai) 
jkr- huai trad IS I n bosom II v 1 keep 
in mind 2 miss, think of 
ffcsT huainian v think of tenderly 
fl'M huaiyf v 1 disbelieve, doubt 2 think 
something is unlikely, suspect 

note: huaiyi has two seemingly 

contradictory meanings - disbelieve and 
think something is unlikely, but the context 
will make the meaning clear. 

huaiyun v bejjregnant 
huai trad ijt I adj bad II v break 






down, be out of order 






jEHt huanyuan v return to the original, 
restore 

k huan trad W n circle, ring 



W 



f^Tf huanjie n link 
llil37T» zhongyao huanjie important 
link 

ffdi; huanjing n environment 

(f^^) huanjing baohu 
(huanbao) environmental protection 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



huan trad M ADV leisurely 

huanhe I v ease up, alleviate 
II adj relaxed, gentle 

H kouqi huanhe with a gentle, 
mild tone 

Wl&L huanman adj slow, unhurried 
huan trad v change, replace 



w 



huaichu n negative effect, disadvantage 

note: ff£b huaichu and haichu 
both refer to the undesirable effects of an 
action or actions. % &b huaichu connotes 
general negativity while ifl^b haichu 
emphasizes the harm that results. 

ifyll huaidan n bad person, villain, rascal 
^buan TRAD Ha adj joyful 

huanhu v cheer, hail 
huanle adj joyful, happy 
huansong v send off (a guest) 
huansonghui a send-off party 
(e.g. a farewell tea party) 

7XM huanxT adj joyful, happy, delighted 
huanxiao v laugh heartily 
huanyfng v welcome 

huanyfng guanglm interj 
Welcome! 

k huan trad 5s v return, pay back 



huanqu v exchange for, get in return 
P$L hu ^ n v call out 

»[ -i? huan n paralysis (See 
tan huan) 

f huan adj illusory 



& 



£]# T huandeng n slide show 

huandengjl slide projector 
huandengpian slide, lantern 
slide (!& zhang) 

huanxiang v fantasize, have illusions 
E j=t huan v suffer (from a disease) 

JMl* huanzhe n patient 
ff#^M#Jfngshenblng huanzhe one 

who suffers from a mental disorder 
huang I ADJ 1 barren, desolate 
MU 2 absurd II n crop falure, famine 
huangdi n uncultivated land, 
wasteland, 

huangliang adj bleak, desolate 
MiW huangmiu adj absurd, preposterous 
huangmiu zhijf absolutely 

absurd 

huangtang adj preposterous, way 
off the mark 

huangtang toudTng incredibly 
silly, totally unreasonable 
jfdrfi huang ADJ flustered, panic- 
\) I b stricken 

tmi7^j$Phuangle shou jiao be so 

flustered as to not know what to do, be at 
a loss as to what to do 
1mi§L huangluan adj panic-stricken, 
flustered 

huangzhang adj in frantic haste, 
flustered 



78 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



M hu'i 



h liana N emperor 

M^ huangdi n emperor 
MM huanghou n wife of an emperor, 
empress [nb the traditional form hou 
doesn’t apply here for MM] 

^ huang n locust 

huangchong locust 
ii5*chuangzai locust disaster 

m huang n female phoenix (See MM 
fenghuang) 

huang ADJ intensely bright (See 'M 
AEE huThuang) 

huang ADJ yellow 

lit M. huanggua n cucumber (f& gen) 
jiffe huangse I n the yellow color II adj 
pornographic 

iUffe huangse dianyTng porno- 
graphic movie 

huangse wangzhan porno- 
graphic website 
H'/ft huangyou n butter 
B huang v sway, shake 



m 



huang n lie 



ilM huanghua lie (especially used in 
speech) 

huangyan lie (especially used in 
writing) 

^jL hu n emblem, sign 

UltlkguohuT national emblem 
^Mxiaohul school badge 
hull adj gray II n ash, dust 



M 



huichen n dust 

1X‘L' huTxTn adj disheartened, discouraged 
#c huT adj extensive, vast 

•WM. huTfu v recover, restore 
4-g? h U trad W- v 1 wave (See 
fahuT.) 2 scatter, disperse 
hulhuo v spend money carelessly, be 
a spendthrift, squander 



hUI trad M n splendor 



'M‘m huThuang adj brilliant, splendid 
|rrt 1 huf 1 v return (to a place), go 
I— - 1 back 2 reply, answer 
0%Mhuf dianhua call back 
mi® hufbi v evade, dodge 
0:$£0II hufbi went! evade a question 
Hl^hufdav reply, answer 
0JPi hufgu v look back, review 
HHU huiguo v return to one’s home 
country 

0t£t hufjT v counterattack 
05fc huflai v return to a place (coming 
towards the speaker) 

0-fe hufqu v return to a place (away from 
the speaker) 

0l|£ hufshou v reclaim, recover 
Jgt!m0fBCfeipm hufshou collect junk for 
recycling 

0#r huftou adv later 

note: 0^c huftou is a colloquialism, used 
only in very informal styles. 

0$, hufxiang v recall, recollect 
0]g hufxin n reply (either spoken or 
written) 

mi hufyi I v recall, recollect II n recol- 
lection, memory 

|rrt 2 huf m. wd number of times (of 
doing something) 

iH7M0 dule lianghuf read ...twice 
Qjft huT v destroy 

huihuai v do irreparable damage 
hulhuai mfngyu destroy one’s 
reputation 

IK huimie v exterminate 
IKUffihuTmie zuizheng destroy 
incriminating evidence 

hu] v repent, regret (See /u‘f§ 

IhF houhui) 

huTgai v repent and mend one’s way 
'NI'Hc huihen v repent bitterly 

hul n benefits, kindness (See 
ILT > M enhui) 



79 




St hui 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



hll adj wise, intelligent (See ^ 
m. zhihui) 

hll trad SS v bribe 

M5& hui lu I v bribe II n bribery 

hll trad IS v 1 converge, gather 
2 remit 

’/CjH huibao v report (to one’s superior) 
yD|S huijf v compile, collect, gather 

youguan de wen- 
jian compile relevant documents 
fOU huikuan v remit money, send remit- 
tance 

yD$l huilii n (currency) exchange rate 
1 hill TRAD It" I MODAL V 1 know 
A how to, can 2 probably, will II v have 
the ability or knowledge 

note: # hui as a full verb meaning have 
the ability or knowledge is used with a 
limited range of nouns, such as nouns 
denoting languages. Using # hui in this 
way is colloquial. 

^2 hu'l trad s' n 1 meeting, confer- 
4s ence 

dahu an assembly, a rally 
kai hui have a meeting 
2 association 

dushu hui book club 
izj gonghui labor union 

xueshenghui students union 
hui chang n venue for a meeting, 
conference, assembly or rally 

huihua I v talk, hold a conversation 
II n conversation 
zxJaL huijian v (formal) meet 
huike v receive visitors 
zxilfc huitan v hold (formal) talks 
huiwu v meet (formally) 
zx huiyi n meeting, conference 

canjia huiyi participate in a 
meeting or conference 
tBJ^^i^chuxf huiyi attend a meeting or 
conference 

^TzH)£juxmg huiyi hold a meeting or 
conference 

quxiao huiyi cancel a meeting 
or conference 



-S^f^i^zhaokai huiyi convene a meet- 
ing or conference 

zxM huiyuan n member of an association 
^MUEhuiyuanzheng membership card 
XzszjM gonghui huiyuan labor union 
member 

ja^fp^^julebu huiyuan club mem- 
ber 

hul v paint, draw 

^slMl huihua N painting, drawing 
tC* hun v faint 



51 



: hunmf v fall into a coma 
* hun n marriage 

1 hunyTn n marriage 
r hun n soul (See linghun) 



g hun adj 1 muddy 2 whole, all over 

## hunshen adj from head to foot, all 
over the body 

WMW-'M hunshen tengtong ache all 
over 

hun v i 



M 



mix up 



hun wei yi tan lump different 
things together, fail to make a distinction 
between different things 
2 pass for, pass off as 3 get along, get 
along with 

M-p hunhe v mix, blend, mingle 
'/iJiL hunluan adj chaotic, confused 
'/H/Hi hunnmgtu n cement, concrete 
yUsM hunxiao v eliminate differences in 
order to confuse, mix up 

hunxiao shifei confuse right 
and wrong 

yiy& hunzhuo adj murky, turbid 
- vp huo I v 1 be ahve 2 work II adj 
1 1-1 alive, living 

huodong I v do physical exercise 
II n activity 

canjia huodong participate in 
an activity 

huogai v serve one right, deserve 



80 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



'{^X huoli n vitality, vigor 

huopo adj lively, vivacious 
JtfJL, huor n work, job 
"P?i§JLgan huor work, do a job 

note: ft§JL huor and gan huor 

are very colloquial, and usually refer to 
manual work. 

huoyue adj active, brisk 
hUO n fire 






%‘) C zhao huo catch fire, be caught on 
fire 

X^ huochai n match (j& gen, he) 
huochai he a matchbox 
icfJ^C^hua huochai strike a match 
‘XM- huoche n train (IS liang, ^(J lie) 
j)C$^huoche zhan railway station 
huoche piao train ticket 

huoche shfke biao railway 

timetable 

Xffi huojian n rocket (j& mei) 

^MXm fashe huojian launch a rocket 
XX huoli n 1 fire power 2 thermal energy 
huoli fadian thermal power 
jAciLi huoshan n volcano (ffi zuo) 
^Clil^^huoshan baofa the eruption of 
a volcano 

huo huoshan active volcano 
^tX\h sT huoshan dormant volcano 
XM huoyan n flame 
$ fflfeXftk xiongxiong huoyan raging 
flames 

Xt$ huoyao N gunpowder 

XX huoza n fire disaster, fire chang) 

. hue trad H n partner 






'felC# huoban n partner, mate 
$Cj=t huoshf n meals (provided by a 
school, a factory, etc.) 

huo as in huoluan 



huoluan n cholera 

m Uud trad ^ n disaster, calamity 

chehuo traffic accident 
jiahuo shift the blame onto some 
other person 



jTdong 

TrlllF huohai I n disaster, scourge II v bring 
disaster to, ruin 

-^4^ hud conj Same as «£# huozhe. 
Used more in writing. 

J&gl&X huoduo huoshao adv more or 
less , somehow 

huoxu adv perhaps, maybe 
huozhe conj or, either ... or 
pHr- hUO v confuse (See mihuo) 

hUO TRAD M N goods 

J7t 

jnffi huobi n currency 
^ huobi bianzhf currency 

devaluation 

huobi shengzhi currency ap- 
preciation 

'Xjti cihuo inferior/substandard goods 
huowu n goods, commodities, 
merchandise 

hud trad M v gain, win 



huode v win, obtain, get 
huoqu v gain, obtain 



Jl 



jl trad 81 v strike (See tTdy daji) 
jl trad M adv nearly 



JL-f- jihu adv almost, nearly 
ji TRAD M ADJ starved 






tfliH Ji'e adj starved, hungry 

m jli trad Ini machine 2 oppor- 
tunity 

X\M jTchang n airport 

|fl$ jlche n locomotive (ffi liang) 

'Me jTchuang n machine tool (o tai) 
UUKl jTdong adj 1 flexible 

jTdong zTjTn emergency fund, 
reserve fund 

2 motorized, machine-powdered 

jTddngche motorized vehicle 
(e.g. automobiles, motorcycles) 



81 




tH$I jlgou 

tJl^I jlgou n government agency, organi- 
zation 

tJl^c jTguan n government office, state 
organ 

tflzsjThii n opportunity, chance 

fangqi jThui give up an op- 
portunity 

zhuazhu jThui grasp an op- 
portunity 

cudgud jThui miss an opportu- 
nity 

tJlM. jTling adj quick-witted 

jTmi adj secret, classified, confi- 
dential 

HUKfcttjTml wenjian classified docu- 
ment 

jTqi n machine (cJ tai) 

shTyong jTqi operate a machine 
{i^iltilf^xiulT jTqi repair a machine 
jTqi ren N robot 
jTtT n organism 

t/lM jTxie N machine, machinery 

t/lill jTyu n rare opportunity, favorable 
situation 

fHH? jTzh' I N wit II adj sharp-witted 

Oft jl n muscle, flesh 



m 



jirou n muscle 

jl trad tH v sneer, mock 



iJtJc jixiao v sneer at, laugh at, ridicule 
^'jtJ j trad H n chicken (X zhT) 

^•^gongjT rooster 
mujT hen 
/J^xiaojT chick 

Ken de jT kaojT Kentucky 
Fried Chicken (KFC) 

note: 1% jT, as a general term, may denote 
either a hen , a rooster or chick, though they 
may be specified by gongjT cock, # 
mujT hen and xiaojT chicken. As 
food, it is always 1% jT. 

jTdan n hen’s egg (X zhT, ^ ge ) 
trad IX v accumulate, amass 

'\/\ 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



ffiMi jTji adj 1 enthusiastic, active 
2 positive 

jTjfxing n initiative, enthusiasm, 

zeal 

fRU jTlei v accumulate, build up 
fHBl jTya v keep too long in store, over- 
stock 

JRH^MIjTyS wuzT overstocked supplies 
ji n (earthen) foundation 






||2|£ jTben adj fundamental, basic 
S^JljTben shang basically, on the 
whole 

HM jTceng n primary level, grass-roots 
jTchu n foundation, basis 
ilffe jTdi n base 
jijTn n fund 

i^WS^jiaoyu jijTn educational fund 
jTjTnhui n foundation 

ertong full jTjTnhui 
Foundation for Children’s Welfare 
jTyTn n gene 

I v arouse, excite II adj violent, 

> A fervent 

M*j] jTdong I v arouse, excite II adj 
excited, very emotional 
MM Jifa v arouse, stir up 

HI jTf a aiguozhuyi arouse 
patriotism 
Myt jTguang n laser 

T ^PtjljTguang dayinjT laser printer 
jTli v excite and urge, strongly 
encourage 

jTlie adj fierce, intense 
if'tf jTqing n intense emotion, passion 
jTsu n hormone 

w n garbage (See lajT.) 

~r£ jf I conj and, with II v reach, come 
up to III adv in time for 
jfge v pass (a test, an examination 
etc.) 

2&M jfshf I adj timely, at the proper time 
II adv immediately, promptly, without 
delay 

2SUP- ji'zao adv as soon as possible, 
promptly 



82 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



j n 1 registration 2 membership 

^if huijf membership of an association 
Hm jfguan n place of one’s birth or 
origin 

j trad Wi n grade, rank 
jfbie n grade, scale 

X^I&5j!]g6rigzTjfbie wage/salary scale 
a Jf trad ffi adv extremely, highly 

jfduan adv extremely 

jfduan go to extremes 
jfle adv extremely, very 

note: 1ST jfle is used after adjectives or 
some verbs to mean extremely ... or very ... 
For example: ffvfKT mang jfle extremely 
busy, gaoxing jfle very happy, 

delighted 

jffi adv to one’s utmost 

quan ta jie yan try 
all one can to persuade him to give up 
smoking 

jfqf adv extremely, highly 
jfxian n the ultimate, the limit 
— F-* j adj lucky, fortunate, auspicious 

Pt 

^^^jfpuche n jeep (ffi liang) 
jfxiang adj lucky, auspicious 
jfxiangwu n mascot 
j v compile, edit (See : bianjf) 

j 1 n disease 

jibing n disease, illness 
t j ! v be jealous 



jfdu v be jealous 

jfdu ta meimei 

de meimao be jealous of her younger 
sister’s beauty 

nr v be, mean 

jfbT if it is not this one, it 
must be that one 

Mljfbian conj even if, even though 



jl 

BPtfFjfjiang adv soon 
WttjfshT conj even if, even though 
adj 1 anxious 2 urgent 

HJI'J jfju adj sudden and intense, abrupt 
H'ft jfmang adj hurried, hasty 
MW jfqie adj eager and impatient, urgent 
jfxingzi n an impatient or impetu- 
ous person 

jfyu v be eager to, be anxious to 
^[■f^c^jf yu qiu cheng eager to have 
immediate success 
M!$ jfzao adj impetuous, impatient 
if v gather 

M'a jfhe v gather together, assemble 
jfhu n meeting, assembly 
M'T jfshi n country fair, market 
H#jftT adj collective 

jftuan n group, grouping 
jfyou N stamp collecting, philately 
jfzhong I v concentrate, focus II adj 
concentrated, focused 
jfzT v raise funds 

rr jl trad M pron 1 several, some 
2 how many 

note: When JL jT is used in a question to 
mean how many, it is presumed that the 
answer will be a number less than ten. 
Otherwise duoshao should be used 
instead. Compare: f/|vj=f ’Jl/Htf-IF? NT you 
jT ge gege? How many elder brothers do 
you have?-, iftil'J NTmen 
xuexiao you duoshao xuesheng? How 
many students are there in your school? 

/L'fnf jThe n geometry 

jl n spine, backbone 

jiliang n spine, backbone 
#$£ jTzhuT n vertebra 

pron self (See § B zijT.) 

+■&■ jT trad i v squeeze, crowd II adj 
crowded (See Htff yongji) 
jl trad « V provide (See 
gongji) 



83 




it jl 

it 



j li trad it v 1 plan 2 calculate 



ittll jihua N, v plan 
t'J^itt'J zh'id'ing j'ihua draw up a plan 
&frit#J zhixmg j'ihua implement a plan 
jijiao v 1 be fussy, haggle over 2 
argue, dispute 

fritit^jTnjTn jijiao haggle over insig- 
nificant things, quibble over trivia 
itlt jisuan v calculate 
itJItJl jisuanjT Same as diannao. 
Used as a more formal term. 

trad iB v 1 remember, recall 
2 record (usually by writing down), 
bear in mind 

iB#jide v can remember, can recall 
iBXf^jibude cannot remember, cannot 
recall 

iB^liE ji bTji v take notes 
iB- 5 ? jihao n mark, sign 
'iBB^zuo jihao put a mark 
liTiB- 5 ! liuxia jihao leave a mark 
iB^jilu v, n record 

^iliB^: huiyi jilu minutes (of a meeting) 
iBtt jlxing n ability to memorize things, 
memory 

iBi£ jiyi I v remember, memorize II n 
memory 

iBfcjizai v written record 
iB# jizhe n correspondent, reporter 
iB#iSt#^jizhe zhaodaihui press 
conference, news conference 
JMiS# xlnwen jizhe news reporter, 
journalist 

iB'ftjizhu v leam by heart, bear in mind 
r j* trad IB n 1 discipline 2 record 



!B ] 



IB# jilu n discipline (^ tiao) 
i&t jinian v commemorate 
IBH jiyao n major points, summary, 
digest 

ft* n skill, ability 

jineng n skill, technical skill 
jiqiao n skill, craftsmanship 

xiezuojiqiao writing skills 
jishu n technique, technology, skill 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



iMXA jishu gongren skilled worker 
jishuyuan n technician (ji wei) 
j] trad PI* n boundary, border (See 
r/T' MB guoji, shiji.) 
jl n season 

jidu n quarter (of a year) 

^T» jijie n season 

trad v aid (See JTngji.) 

trad ^lj n medicine 

miechongji insecticide 
^ija: jiliang n dose, dosage 

jl n remains, trace (See ‘i'M; g u ji .) 

Mi^-jixiang n sign, indication 

dizhen de jixiang signs of a 
(forthcoming) earthquake 

conj 1 same as jiran. Used 
more in writing. 2 both ... and . . . 
ffli ji...you.. both ... and .... 
gjfr •-&••• ji...ye. both ... and .... 
jiran conj now that, since, as 
jl v 1 avoid, shun 2 be jealous 

jijiu avoid wine, refrain from drink- 
ing wines 

S # 1 jidu Same as jfdu 

il trad Iff n accomplishment (See ^ 
m iM chengji .) 

Abb jl trad lit v continue 



jicheng v inherit, carry on 
MfcA jichengren n heir, successor 
jixu v continue 
adj lonely 

&L 

jijing adj peaceful and quiet, still 
jimo adj lonely 

v 1 send by mail, post 



ifjpl&f^ji kuaijian send by express mail 
2 entrust 

jituo v entrust 

Ifft^Mjituo xTwang place one’s hope 



84 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



in 



jia v i add, plus 2 increase 



Mijiaban v work overtime 
inSf^jiaban fei overtime pay 
jlPX jiagong v process (unfinished 
products) 

3j^4iPXlailiao jiagong processing of 
supplied materials 

^iSiipXshfpm jiagong food processing 
1 ] PM jiajTn v intensify, speed up 
inX^Uftjiajpfn zhunbei speed up prepa- 
rations 

Mr!] jiaju v aggravate, exacerbate 
j&P^A Jianada N Canada 
iP?M jiaqiang v strengthen, reinforce 
#P#t jiare v heat, heat up 
iP A jiaru v 1 become a member of 2 add 
in, mix into 

iPA^JicRjftpP jiaru wangqiu julebu 
join a tennis club 
iR^jiashen v deepen 
iRMMU^l’Blfii^SJl^jiashen liang- 
guo zhTjian de xianghu ITjie deepen 
mutual understanding between the two 
countries 

iPil jiasu v accelerate, quicken 
iPii*§£jiasu qi accelerator 
iP^jiayi I v (used before a verb to 
indicate what should be done) II conj in 
addition, moreover 



note: MW, jiayi as a verb smacks of offi- 
cialese and is chiefly used in writing. The 
sentence still stands when MW jiayi is 
omitted, e.g. ( MW ) M 

Zko Zhege wenti ylng jishf (jiayi) jiejue. 
This problem should be solved promptly. 

iPfft jiayou v 1 add fuel, fuel up 

jiayouzhan gas station, service 

station 

2 make extra efforts 
jtJPVlllXjiayougan double one’s efforts, 
put more effort into one’s work 

note: jjB'/dl jiayou is the colloquial expres- 
sion used to cheer on a sportsperson or a 
sporting team in a competition, equivalent 
to Come on!, or Go! Go! 



jiaxiang 

jjPlCjiazhong v increase the amount, 
aggravate 

jiazhong fudan increase the 

burden 

Ip jia adj good, fine 

MM jia bln honored guest 
M^ jiajiang v commend, cite 
I±l jia adj good, fine, beautiful 

Idb 

{iiTf jia jie joyous festival 
Tfo jia v pinch, squeeze, wedge be- 
tween, sandwich 
jiaza v be mixed up with 
jiazi n tong, clip 

yTfu jiazi clothes pin 
jia I n 1 family, household 2 home 
II m. wd (for families or businesses) 
si jia renjia four families 
yi jia shangdian a store 
liang jia gdngchang two 

factories 

III suffix (denoting an accomplished 
expert) 

lll^huajia painter, artist 
IftW^jiaoyujia educator 
f^F^kexuejia scientist 
M1& jiachang adj everyday fife, com- 
monplace 

i$M1& tan jiachang have a chitchat 

jiachang bianfan simple meal, 
usually home-cooked 

jiachu n domesticated animal (^ tou) 
MM, jiajiao n 1 private tutor 2 family 
upbringing 

M^k jiaju n furniture (S? tao, # jian) 

MM jiashu N family member, one’s 
dependent (45 ming) 

MM jiatrng n family (^ ge) 

note: M jia has more meanings than M 
Mjiating. While MM jiating means only 
family, M jia may mean family, household 
or home. 

M& jiawu n household chores, house- 
work (# jian) 

M% jiaxiang n hometown, home village 



85 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



jia yu hu xiao 

ji3 yu hu xiao idiom be a house- 
hold name, widely known 
Wkfk jiazhang n 1 head of a family 
2 parent 

dtp? jia n cheek 



¥ 

¥ 



1 jia n first 

2 jia N shell, nail 



ta ¥ zhTjia fingernail 

jiaban n deck (of a ship) 

/D4 jia adj 1 false, untrue 2 artificial 
IK- ISaE: jiading v Same as (PIi£ jiashe 
jiahua n falsehood, lie 
M.1& jiahuo n fake (goods), forgery, 
counterfeit 

jHH jiamao v pass off as genuine 
jiaru conj supposing, if 
jiaruo conj Same as jiaru 
iltiit jiashe v suppose, assume 
fit!! jiatui n artificial leg 
jiaya N dentures 
jiazhuang v pretend, feign 

n crops (See zhuangjia.) 






jia trad 1m n price, value 



lfi4& jiage n price 
'ffrft jiaqian n price 
ifMIC jiazhf n value 
IfHMjiazhfguan n values 

trad H v drive, pilot 



^jiashT v drive, pilot 

jiashT lunchuan pilot a ship 
®raijiashT feijT pilot a plane 

jiashT qiche drive an automo- 
bile 

jiashTyuan n driver, pilot 
1 j' a m. wd (used for machines, 

C aircraft etc.) 

— yf jia kejT a passenger plane 
Ijnrtia n shelf, stand 

¥f^shujia bookshelf 



m 



jia 



v (of a woman) marry 



note: jia means specifically (for a 

woman) to marry, while (for a man) to 
marry is qu. However more and more 
people simply use the verb he... 

jiehun to mean marry, e.g. fife'fl’J^^cJLfP 
— Tamen de nuer he yf 
ge Meiguoren jiehun. Their daughter mar- 
ried an American. 



jia n holiday, leave 



jiaqT n holiday period, leave 
jiatiao n an application for leave, a 
leave form 

bingjiatiao an application for 
sick leave, a doctor’s certificate of ill- 
ness, a medical certificate 
^\jian adj sharp, pointed 

jianduan I n pointed end II adj 
sophisticated 

4c jianduan chanpTn technologi- 
cally advanced product 
42^X4^ jiaoduan kexue sophisticated 



science 

jianduan jishu most advanced 
technology 

4cfftjianrui adj 1 very sharp, penetrating 
2 fierce, uncompromising 

4c"? 1 jianzi N the pick (of a group), top 
student 

|p£ jian trad H adj hard, firm 



MJ^F jianchf v uphold, persist (in). 

jianding adj firm 
MIH jiangu adj solid, sturdy 

jianjue adj resolute, determined 
M3fi jianqiang adj strong, staunch 
ttf#M3itx'ingge jianqiang strong char- 
acter 

jianshf adj solid, substantial 

daxia jianshf de jlchu 
lay a solid foundation 
Mil jianying adj solid and hard 



86 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



t*jTt jian trad ^ I n room (for a special 
[ Rj purpose) 

'/jfc'/UlB] xTzao jian bathroom 

shoushu jian operating theater, 
surgical room 
II m. wd (for rooms) 

— 'W&M. yi jian jiaoshi a classroom 

liang jian bangongshi two 

offices 

M yran n the shoulder 

w an TRAD 11 ADJ difficult 

jianju adj (of a big and important 
task) very difficult, strenuous 

jianku adj difficult, hard, tough 
jiannan adj arduous, hard 

jian nan de renwu arduous 

task 

jianxian adj hard and difficult, 
perilous 

r jian adv concurrently 



lIArJian trad f£ I v supervise, inspect 
II n prison, jail 
jiancha v supervise, monitor 
jiandu v 1 supervise, superintend 
2 have under surveillance, watch over 
inL-fJE jianshi v keep under surveillance, 
monitor 

jianyu n jail, prison (^ zuo) 
jian v wipe out 



n 1 



^fitjianjTjT n fighter plane 
ffiUl jianmie v annihilate, wipe out 

jian I ADJ wicked and treacherous 
II n traitor 

iXjff hanjian traitor to the Han people, 
traitor to the Chinese people 
-pf * jian v fry, shallow-fry 

jian v cut (with scissors), shear 

Jt3§£ jiancai v cut the ribbon at an opening 
ceremony 

M7J jiandao N scissors, shears (}E ba) 



US jianshao 

-hf- jian trad Uni callus 2 cocoon 

m 

^jiUaojian callus 
jian N letter 

qmgjian letter of invitation, invitation 
4-/y jian trad fit v examine 

m 

j&iJ jiance v check and measure, verify 
jiancha v examine, inspect, check 
jiancha N procuratorial work 
f&^Mjianchayuan procurator 
I^^P^jianchayuan procuratorate 
fti^AMj^^PxZuigao Renrnrn 
Jianchayuan the Supreme People’s 
Procuratorate 

jf-ft jiantao I v 1 examine 2 review II n 
self-criticism 

shumian jiantao written self- 

criticism 

zuo jiantao make a self-criticism 
jianxiu v examine and repair (a 
machine) , maintain 
Af&fl^dajianxiG overhaul 
j^£t$f£XqichS jianxiu gong car 
mechanic 

IMjianyan I v examine, test II n exami- 
nation, testing 
v jian trad Isr v pick up 

/A*, jian trad adj thrifty (See 
lilt qinjian) 

jian trad Svi choose, select 
: : 2 Same as jian 

jian v 1 subtract, deduct 



$&l$tjianshu subtrahend (e.g. 268 in the 
example: 367-268— the number that’s to 
be subtracted from the minuend) 

bei jianshu minuend (e.g. 367 in 
the example in jianshu) 

2 reduce, lighten 

jianqlng v lighten, alleviate 
WM jianruo v weaken, reduce in force 
jianshao v make fewer, make less, 
reduce 



87 




® jian 



IB, 



k jian trad FUj adj simple 



M'fljianbian adj simple and convenient, 
handy 

Ml&jiancheng I v be called ... for short, 
be abbreviated as II n shortened form, 
shortening 

M-f-jiandan adj simple, uncomplicated 
fafM jianduan adj simple and short, brief 
f^MW^Wjianduan de fayan a brief 
speech, a short talk 
fsH-fc jianhua v simplify 
^'ffc^-^jianhua shouxu simplify 
formalities 

fiafPli jianlou adj simple and crude 

jianmmg adj simple and clear, concise 
jiantizi n simplified Chinese 
character 

note: See note on fantTzi. 

f^ifljianxun n news in brief, bulletin 
fUll jianyao adj brief and to the point 
jianyao tfgang brief outline 
MM jianyi adj simple and easy 
fCtjianzhi adv simply, virtually 
ifMATO^tjianzhf jiao ren 
bugan xiangxin simply unbelievable 
jian n alkali, soda 

/fL jian m. wd (for things, clothes or 
furniture) 

— yf jian ddngxi a thing, some- 
thing 

— $^fjf yf jian shiqing a matter 
— yf jian ylfu a piece of clothing 
(e.g. a jacket, dress) 

jian trad Hi v see, perceive 



JE ] 



jSj§? jianjie n opinion, view 
$lLftn$Pi=tfchu jianjie voice one’s opin- 
ion 

jianmian v meet, see (a person) 

HiR jianshi n knowledge, experience 
jianxiao v produce the desired result, 
be effective 

TRAD Sm N Warship (j|I SOU) 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



hangkong mujian aircraft car- 
rier 

?SMIIquzhujian destroyer 
x u n y a n g j i a n cruiser 
MPAjiandui n fleet of warships 
/>r[ jian trad n sword (JE ba) (See 
J baojian) 

2 ^ jian v 1 build, construct 2 found, 
)k£ set up 

jianjiao v establish diplomatic 
relations 

jianli v 1 establish, set up 2 Same as 
H jian (= build, construct) 
jHijt jianshe v build, construct 
3itiA jianyi v suggest, propose 
jitia jianzao v construct, build 

^^7jC^jianzao yfzuo da shuTku 
build a big reservoir 

jianzhu n 1 building, edifice (^ zuo) 
2 architecture 

jianzhushl n architect 
jianzhuwu n architectural struc- 
ture, building 

jianzhuxue n (the discipline of) 
architecture 

jian adj strong 

dJLjian'er n athlete (as a term of ap- 
probation) (fit wei) 

MJtf jiankang I n health II adj healthy, in 
good health 

$tii jianmei adj vigorous and graceful, 
of athletic beauty 

jianmeicao n calisthenics 
il^Tjianquan I adj sound, perfect 
#'Wif£shen-x7n jianquan a healthy 
body and a sound mind 
li^r^J^^f'Mjianquan de shuishou 
zhidu a sound tax system 
II v make perfect, improve 

jianshen v do physical exercises, 
have a work-out 

j?r jianshenfang n gymnasium, 
health club 

Wtfc jianzhuang adj healthy and strong, 
robust 



88 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



jian n key (See ^ijS guanjian.) 



H^jianpan n keyboard 

it jian trad 1® v recommend (See ffi 

4? # tuTjian.) 

jian trad H I n mirror 

shT wei jian take history as a 
mirror ( — > learn from history) 

II v inspect, examine 
^1#!] jianbie v distinguish, discern 

jianbie guhua appraise an an- 
cient painting, study an ancient painting 
to determine its authenticity and/or value 
<^4“ jianyu prep in view of, considering 
jjjji jian trad H adj cheap 

jian trad v splash, spatter 

jian trad j§§ v trample 

jianta v trample underfoot 
i?&j^^f^$lfOjianta gongrmn quanli 
trample on civil rights 
'yiJf TRAD ADV Same as i$ntr 
rv\ jianjian 

Mfr jianjian adv gradually, by and by 
ftfr iian n arrow 

m 

jiantou n 1 arrow head 2 sign of an 
arrow to show direction 
Mian trad Pal v separate 






OH jiange I n interval, space between 
II v have intervals 
OH jianjie adj indirect 
jiang n river (^ tiao) 



K 



note: The most famous iX jiang in China 
is -fc'/X Chang jiang, the longest river in 
China. -j&tt Chang jiang, which literally 
means long river, is also known as the 
Yangtze River. See note on M he. 

3g? jiang n border, boundary 



^ctTn jiangpin 

/Hf jiang adj stiff and numb, dead- 
] 4 locked 

J^ffidongjiang frozen stiff 
jiang TRAD H n ginger 

1 jiang trad prep Same as jfH 
, f ba, but only used in writing. 

2 jiang trad ^ ADV will, shall, be 
I going to, be about to 

#i£jiangjm adv be close to, near 
jiangjun n (armed forces) general 
jianglai N future 

jiangyao adv Same as # jiang 2 adv 
jiang TRAD lit n thick liquid 

J2.^ddujiang soybean milk, soy milk 
^.jiang trad pvl talk 2 tell 

jiang gushi tell a story 
3 pay attention to, attach importance to 
jiang weisheng pay attention to 
personal hygiene 
i#T$jianghua n speech, talk 
i#D?jiangjie v explain orally 

jiangjiu I v be particular about, pay 
much attention to II adj exquisite, of 
very high standard 
ijHH jiangke v lecture, teach 

jiang IT v Same as ijfilPS jiang daoli 
jiangshu v give an account of, nar- 
rate, tell about 

T #}j| jiangyan v deliver a speech 
jiangy n lecture notes, teaching 
materials 

jiangzuo n lecture, course of lectures 
jiang TRAD it I n prize, award 
II v award 

^j^jiangbei n trophy, cup (given as a 
prize) 

jiang jin n 1 prize money (31 bT) 

2 bonus (31 bT) 

jiangli v reward in order to encourage 
^lTOlAyfyifc#jiangn zhu-ren-wei- 
le zhe reward and encourage a good 
Samaritan 

jiangpTn n prize, award (f# fen, # 
jian) 



89 




jiangxuejin 

banfa jiang pm present a prize/ 

an award 

ITngqu jiangpln receive a 
prize/an award 

jiangxuejTn n scholarship 
jiangzhuang n certificate of award, 
certificate of merit zhang) 
jiang trad % n oar 

v fall, lower 

jiangdl v lower, cut down, reduce 
PsHftjiangjia v reduce prices 
l^lln jianglm v befall, arrive 
jiang trad ft n soy paste 

li’/ft jiangyou n soy sauce 
jj^ jiang n craftsman 

jiao v 1 hand over, pay (bills, fees) 

2 cross, intersect 
3cX jiaocha v intersect, cross 

jiaochadian Same as 3c, £( jiaodian 
3cf|jiaocud v crisscross, interlock 
3cf£ jiaodai v 1 leave word, hand over 
^cf^fi^jiaodai renwu give informa- 
tion about a job, brief on a task 
2 confess (a wrongdoing) 

3c# jiaodai Same as 3cf£ jiaodai 
3c,£ jiaodian n point of intersection 
^C^ jiaofu v pay, hand over 
3c#ijiaohuan v exchange 
3cl^jiaoji I n social contact, social 
intercourse, communication II v make 
social contacts 

3cF£kII jiaojifei n entertainment expense 
3CP/K#: jiaojihua n social butterfly 
3cP^H jiaojiwu n ballroom dancing 
3c’/;* jiaoliu v exchange, communicate 
3c#jiaoshe v negotiate 
3c^- jiaoshou v fight hand to hand, cross 
swords with 

3cif jiaotan v have a conversation, talk 
with 

^^^t^ci^yong Zhongwen jiaotan 
have a conversation in Chinese 
3c#jiaoti v 1 replace 2 alternate 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



3ci® jiaotong n transport, transportation, 
traffic 

jiaotong shigu traffic accident, 
road accident 

jiaotong jTngcha traffic police- 
man, traffic police 

3cti jiaowang v associate with, be in 
contact with 

3cJI jiaoyi n business transaction, busi- 
ness deal (H bi) 

J§ zuo yibT jiaoyi do a business 

deal 

jiao trad W n rubber 

jiaojuan n roll of film 
fscH* jiaopian n film (for a camera) 
*P ji§ ° n outskirts, suburbs 

^cPEjiaoqu n suburbs, outskirts (of a city) 
ji3° TRAD ^ v water 

tm 

J^fcjiaohua water flowers 
^7-KjiaoshuT supply water to plants or 
crops 

/jciH jiaoguan v irrigate, water 
jiao v teach 

jJUjL jiao trad Ira adj conceited 

WfWt jiao'ao adj proud, conceited, ar- 
rogant 

jiao adj 1 tender and beautiful 
2 Same as jiaoqi 
jiaoguan v pamper, spoil 
jiaoqi adj 1 finicky, squeamish 
2 fragile, delicate 

jiao adj 1 scorched, burnt 2 anx- 
ious, worried 
jiaodian n focus 
jiaojf adj anxious, very worried 
H^ffe^#jiaojf de dengdai wait 
anxiously 

jiao n banana (See xiangjiao) 



jiao n hot spice plant (See I 
lajiao) 



90 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



jiao v chew, munch 
1 jiao n corner 



m 

h 

jiaodu n angle, point of view 
jiaoluo n comer, nook 
2 jiao m. wd (Chinese currency: 1 
/TJ ^ jiao = 0.1 7C yuan = 10 jj fen) ten 
cents, a dime 

Hang jiao qian two jiao, twenty 

cents 

ba kuai jiu jiao wu fen 
eight ywfl/i nine jiao and five fen = eight 
dollars and ninety-five cents 

note: In colloquial Chinese mao is 
often used instead of M jiao, e.g. 
liang mao qian is equivalent to two jiao 
twenty cents 

Wtjiao trad J&: n Same as jiaozi 

jiaozi n stuffed dumpling, jiaozi 
bao jiaozi make jiaozi 
jiao adj sly, cunning 



l&fijiaohua adj cunning, crafty 
j^jiaoNfoot(Kzhi) 

jiaobu n footstep, step 
jiao trad jtvl mix 2 confuse, 
, disturb 

jiaoban v stir, mix 
f jiao v 1 pay, hand in 2 capture 



WM jiaona v pay, hand in 
ifcW3lfcjiaona fakuan pay a fine 
jiao v wring, twist 

JG^r^^C^Pba maojln jiao gan wring a 
towel dry 

jiao trad f?t n sedan chair 

jiaoche n sedan car, car 
1 jiao v call, address, shout, cry out 



PH 



jiaohan v shout, call out 
P^jiaohuan v cry out, call out 



SH: jiaoliang 

PH I® jiaorang v yell, howl 

PHli&jiaozuo v be called, be known as, be 
referred to as 

nil 2 jiao prep Same as M bei. Used 
\ more in colloquialisms, 
jiao n teaching 

jiaocai n teaching material, textbook, 
coursebook (fy fen, ^ ben) 

jiaodao v instruct, give moral guid- 
ance 

jiaohui n organized religious group, 
church 

^ci^^Tianzhu jiaohui the Catholic 
Church 

ifct&jiaolian n (sports) coach 

jiaoshi n teacher (fi wei, & mirig) 

IffiM jiaoshi n classroom (|a] jian) 

jiaoshi dalou classroom block 
jiaoshou n university professor 
lilJtft^fujiaoshdu associate professor 
jiaosuo v instigate and abet 

WfsL jiaotang n church building, church 
dajiaotang cathedral 
Jlifc#shang jiaotang go to church (for 
worship) 

jiaotiao n dogma 

jiaoxue n teaching, education 

tftijll jiaoxun I v lecture, talk down to 
II n lesson (learnt from mistakes or 
experience), moral 

ifc# jiaoyang n upbringing, education 
Wtfc#you jiaoyang well brought up, 
well-bred 

W jiaoyu I v educate, teach II n edu- 
cation 

jiaoyuan n teacher (in a particular 
school) 

£11+ jiao trad H See y&fL shuijiao 

M 

jiao trad I prep Same as tk bi 
1 prep. Used only in writing. II adv 
1 Same as bijiao 2 Used only in 
writing. 

$8® jiaoliang v test the strength of, 
compete 



91 




^ jiao 

jiao n cellar 
*=r 

dijiao cellar, pit 
Bfr ji§ trad Pit n steps, grade 

jieduan n period, stage 
EfMRjiejf n social class 
^jie v take off, reveal 

$§>£ jiefa v expose, uncover 

jiefa yiqT taoshui an 
expose a case of tax evasion 
$>W jielu v uncover, reveal 

ylnmou uncover a con- 
spiracy 

Utk jieshi v bring to light, reveal 

zhenxiang reveal the 

truth 

tgjie pron all, both 

trad v bear (fruit) 

jieshi adj sturdy, strong, robust 
-fcfejievi receive (a letter, a telephone 
7 call) 2 meet and greet (a visitor) 
jieban v take over from, carry on 
^Mjiechu v get in touch (with) 
lilfjiedai v receive (a visitor) 
jiedao v have received 
fJciiiL jiejian v receive (somebody), meet 
(somebody), give an audience 

NOTE: jgjAL jiejian meaning receive or meet 
is only used for formal or official occa- 
sions. It implies that the receiving party is 
superior in status to the one being received. 

jiejin v be close to, be near 
SciSjielian adv successively, one after 
another 

jieqia v arrange with 
jieshou v accept 

^l^flWjieshdu piping accept criti- 
cism, take criticism 

tirllf jiezhe conj and immediately, then, 
at the heels of (a previous action or 
event) 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



jie n street (^ tiao) 



W-t jie shang on the street 

buxrng jie pedestrian street 
iS^C^guang dajie stroll the streets, do 
window shopping 
Wit jiedao n street (^ tiao) 
^iE^M^jiedao weiyuanhui neigh- 
borhood committee 
$jtj} jiefang n neighbor 
jietou n street 

liulanghan a home- 
less being in the street 
■^jie trad fiti I n 1 festival 

ivt/rf guo jie observe a festival, celebrate 
a festival 

zhongqiujie Mid- Autumn Fes- 
tival (on the fifteenth day of the eighth 
lunar month) 

2 section, division II m. wd a period of 
time 

— 'Trill y'l jie ke a period of class 
III v save, economize 
T> @ jiemu n program 
JUll? @ ertong jiemu children’s pro- 
gram 

@ tfyu jiemu sports program 
wenyi jiemu theatrical program 
MW0 xlnwen jiemu news program 
(on TV or radio) 

Tf 0 jieri n festival day 
TJ^i' jiesheng v save, be frugal with 
jieyue v economize, save, practice 
thrift 

T^^tbiUC^tb) jieyue nengyuan 
(jieneng) conserve energy 
Tf$i] jiezhi v control, be moderate in 
T^^J^W(l^#)jiezhi shengyu (jieyu) 
birth control, family planning 
T^fljiezdu n rhythm, tempo 

jie trad m v 1 tie, end 2 form, 
congeal 

jiegou N structure, construction 
jieguo I n result, consequence II adv 
as a result, consequently, finally 
jiehe v combine, integrate 



92 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



jiehun v many 

£riH jiejTng n 1 crystallization 2 fruit, result 
duonian null de jiejTng 
the fruit of many years’ painstaking ef- 
forts 

jieju n outcome, final result 
^ni^jielun n verdict, conclusion 
jieshu v end, terminate 
jiesuan v settle an account, close an 
account 

\l jieye v complete a course of study, 
graduate 

trad '3! adj clean (See MM 
lPI qTngjie) 

in jiebai adj pure white, spotless 
j i € v intercept, stop 

Heft jiezhT v end, up to 
IP v rob, raid 

Ktf^jiechi v kidnap, hijack 

jie trad $£ adj outstanding, excel- 
lent 

jiechu adj outstanding, distinguished 
i^f^jiezuo n outstanding work (of art, 
music or literature) 
rjie adj quick (See fiScisI mfnjie) 



v provide an answer, give an 
explanation 

jiefang I v set free, liberate, emanci- 
pate II n liberation, emancipation 
Wr % 1 jiegu v dismiss (an employee), 
discharge 

Wr'$h jiejue v solve (a problem), settle 
(an issue) 



J' e v exhaust 

MJ] jieli v do one’s utmost, do everything 
within one’s power 

jieli manzu guke do all 
one can to satisfy customers 
M y '* n Same as MM jiejie 

MMjiejie n elder sister 
&£jie v untie, undo 



jieyan 

ifolj jiepou v 1 dissect 2 analyse, probe 
jiesan v dismiss, disband 
jieshi I v explain, account for II n 
explanation, interpretation 
^J ie v lie between, interpose 

'fi'in jieshao v 1 introduce 2 provide 
information, brief 

^/M3A jieshao ren matchmaker, sponsor 
(for membership in a club, a political 
party, an association etc.) 

jieshao xin letter of recommen- 
dation 

o jie m. wd (used for a conference or 
congress held at regular intervals, for 
graduating classes) 

m jie N 1 border, boundary 2 realm, 
circle 

^tilkjf-shangye jie business circle 
'f^W^-tlyu jie sporting circle 
jiexian n dividing line, limits 
WQk jiexian n boundary line, demarca- 
tion line 

ba qiu dachu jiexian send 
the ball outside (the court) 

/it jie v borrow, lend 

1b 

NOTE! This verb may mean either borrow 
or lend , depending on the patterns in 
which it occurs: A jiegei B... A 

lends B AroJBf^--- A xiang Bjie... A 
borrows ... from B 

faf'i: jiejian v use for reference, leam 
(lessons) from 

ft? P jiekou I v use as an excuse 

jiekou shentT 

buhao bu shangban use poor health as 
an excuse for not going to work 
II excuse, pretext 

$cfa P zhao jiekou make up an excuse 
im&J jiezhu v have the aid of, make use of 
ftP v guard against 

jieyan I n curfew, martial law II v 
enforce martial law, impose a curfew 



93 




! jie 



■it gaojie) 
jin n towel (See ^,t\i maojin.) 



iufcjie trad M v admonish, warn (See 

rjJ 

,AJ'n n now, the present 

'fyJn jTnhou N from today, from now on 
^jTnnian n this year 
jTntian n today 
n tendon, vein 

^ jin v ferry 

jlntie n subsidy, stipend 
Cl jm n jin (a traditional Chinese unit of 
, I weight equal to half a kilogram) 

Jin n 1 gold (M liang ounce ) 



« 






ik-^jTnzi gold 
2 money 

jln'e n sum of money (H bi) 

— dab! jln'e a large sum of 
money 

jlnhuang adj golden (color) 
itWjTnpai n gold medal 

jTn pa i huodezhe/ 
jlnpai dezhu gold medalist 
^MjTnqian n money 

jlnrong n finance, banking 
iziM jlnshu n metal 
jfcH. jrnyu n goldfish (^ tiao) 
^JlJljTnyugang goldfish bowl 
yang jlnyu keep goldfish 
jTnzita n the pyramid 
r jTn trad fM ADV only, merely 






{5t{34 jlnjm adv Same as {34 jin, but more 
emphatic. 

>^ jTn trad il! v to the greatest extent 

jTnguan I adv feel free to, not hesi- 
tate II conj even though 

jmliang adv to the best of one’s 
capacity, to the greatest extent 

^(jmliang. ..yldian as ... as pos- 
sible, as soon as possible 



TI 

ill 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



jin n brocade 

Tnxiu adj splendid, beautiful 
jTn adj cautious 



1 jlnshen adj cautious, careful 

jTnshen jiashT drive carefully 

M jTn trad H adj 1 tight, taut 
2 urgent, tense 

fangxiangpan grip the 
steering wheel firmly 
3 be close to 

jYn kaozhe ditiezhan very 
close to a subway station 
4 in short supply 5 pressing, urgent 
'MM jTnjf adj urgent, pressing 
M^ft^jTnjfrenwu urgent task 
HM§lH£#ljinjr zhuangkuang emergency 
situation, contingency 

jTn mi adj very close, intimate 
M^IE'n'jmmi peihe in close coordina- 
tion 

M'M jTnsuo v tighten, reduce 
M^F^tjmsuo kaizhT cut back expendi- 
ture 

^ftjlnzhang adj tense, nervous 
7TT/. j 8 n v go forward, advance 

m 

Wft jinsheng v promote (to a higher 
position) 

If^^l&ISj'insheng wei jiaoshou be 
promoted to professorship level 
Jin trad IS v exhaust, use up 






jinfi v do all one can 
Jin trad v move forward, enter 



m } 



jinbu I adj progressive II n progress 
jft^jincheng n course (of progress), 
process 

jin' er adv and then, subsequently 
5S3& jingong v advance and attack, attack 
i&ftjinhua v evolve, develop 
itTfcT&j'inhualun n (Charles Darwin’s) 
theory of evolution 

jinjun v march, advance 
P jinkou I v import II n entry, entrance 



94 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



j'inlai v come in, come into 
jinqu v be enterprising, be aggressive 
and ambitious 

jinquxTn enterprising spirit 
jinqu v go in, go into 
iiA jinru v enter, enter into 
jftfr jinxing v conduct, carry out 

note: The object that jfjrfr jinxing takes 
must be a noun of two or more syllables, 
e.g. iSfri&W jinxing jiaoyu be educated. 
jjfr jinxing is used only in formal Chinese. 



iS^jinxiG v do advanced studies, un- 
dergo in-service advanced training 
jinyfbu adv advancing a step 
further, further, more deeply 
1 jin adj close to, close by 






• - jit If . .jin be close to 
iE'ftjindai n modern times (usually from 
the year 1 840) 

jil^jinlai adv recently, nowadays, these 
days 

jinnian n recent years 
jinqT n in the near future 
iZclJE jinshi n nearsightedness, shortsight- 
edness 

j&fflllltjinshi yanjing spectacles for 
nearsightedness 

jjr.il!), jin si adj similar, approximate 
iftflslffijinsi zhf approximate value, ap- 
proximation _ 

trad Eh N physical strength 

meijin dull, boring, bored 
$]Sk jintou N 1 strength, energy 2 zeal, 
vigor 

$jA-b5L jintou shfzu full of vigor, in 
high spirits 
Mi ln v soak, steep 

i'yC 

^jin v forbid 

jinqu n forbidden zone 
^^^Ejunshi jinqu military zone 
Hit jinzhT v forbid, prohibit 



m 



jTngymg 



jlng N 1 capital city 2 (shortened 
for) Beijing 

jjCK'J jingju n Beijing (Peking) opera 
^ jTn9 n whale 

ljftil.jTngyu whale (^ tiao) 

Q jlnc n crystal (See £ohh jiejTng) 

0B 

jl flC n stem or stalk (of a plant) 

jing trad j§!£ v pass through, 
experience 
jlngchang adv often 
jlngdian n classic 

£511 jlngfei n outlay, fund (for a specific 
purpose or the regular running of an 
organization) 

ixit jlngguo I v go through, pass II prep 
through, after 

jTngji n economy 

jlngjixue economics 
tx^^^jlngjixuejia economist 
shichang jTngji market 

economy 

^BAjlngjiren n agent, manager 
ixJJt jTngli n manager (fi wei) 
wO £5311 fu jTngli deputy manager 
Ttfi^KI shichang jlnglT marketing 
manager 

^^Jlzong jTngli general manager, chief 
executive officer (CEO) 

£5M jTngli I v experience, undergo 
II n personal experience 
£5W jTngshang v engage in business, be a 
businessman 

£5§£ jTngshou v undergo, withstand 

jingshou kaoyan face a test, 
undergo a test 

jTngxiao v sell, deal with 
infill: Wt^jTngxiao haohua qiche 
deal with luxury cars 

jTngyan n experience, lesson (learnt 
from experiences) 

$£#£53&qude jTngyan acquire experi- 
ence 

Wixl^you jTngyan experienced 
£511 jTngymg v operate (a business) 



95 




'If jlng 

i^jTng trad M v startle, surprise 

'flCsjj jlngdong v disturb, alarm 
Hvfmi jlnghuang adj panic-stricken, 
alarmed 

jlnghuang shTcuo be panic- 

stricken 

'f^itf jlngqi v be surprised and incredu- 
lous, be amazed 

jTngya v be astonished, be surprised 
'fit I t jTngyi v be astounded and puzzled 
B#jing 

N the pupil of the eye (See HR 
KB Mryanjing.) 

|||jing adj choice, refined 

W& jlngcai adj (of a theatrical perform- 
ance or sports event) brilliant, thrilling, 
wonderful 

IffT^BIlt jingdS xisuan idiom be very 
careful in budgeting to save every cent 
|ff£ jlnghua n the cream of the crop, the 
very best 

ffM jlngjian v trim and prune (an organi- 
zation) , reduce staffing 
If jj jlngli n energy, vigor 
IfH jlngmei adj exquisite and beautiful 
|f^ jlng mi adj precise 

jlngmi yfqi precision instru- 
ment 

jlngque adj accurate, precise 
|f|$ jTngshen n 1 vigor, vitality 2 spirit, 
the mind 

Ifl^'j^ jlngshenbing n mental illness 
If Px jTngshenbingyuan mental 
institution 

If jlngshenbing ylsheng 

psychiatrist 

HiljTngtong adj having great profi- 
ciency in, be master of 
!f£ffl jlngxi adj paying attention to details, 
meticulous 

If M^lf jTng yi qiu jlng v seek perfection 
!fH£ jTngzh adj exquisite, fine 
mjing n view, scenery 

jPrfe jTngse n view, scenery 
jTngxiang N sight, scene 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



gtjg jing I v alert Uni police 2 alarm 

s 

W - $ jmgche police car 
‘XW huojrng fire alarm 
iflll jmgcha n policeman, police 

note: In China the police bureau is called 
gong'anju Public Security Bureau , 
which should be distinguished from |U:£c 
guo'anju Bureau of National Security. 

Hr pf jTnggao I v warn, caution II n 
warning 

jTngjie v guard against, be on alert 
HPIJI jlngti v be vigilant 
!= IE jlngwei v guard and defend (a mili- 
tary installation, a VIP, etc.) 

^j-jmg n well, (water) well 

7jC^XshuTjmg water well 
’/fi^youjTng oil well 
^ jTng trad H n neck 

^t^toujTng the neck 
^5|0$!changjmglu (long-neck-deer) 
giraffe 

-tV- jl ng trad w. v compete 

JnL 

hM jingsai v contest, compete 
jingxuan v run for office 
jingzheng I v compete II n competi- 
tion 

^ Jlng adv unexpectedly 

lIcM jlng ran adv unexpectedly, contrary 
to expectation 

-[■tV jing n boundary, place 

Hfi guojing territory (of a country), 
border 

[Illicit guojingxian national boundary 
line 

jingdi n situation, plight 
jaf^^J^ilfeweixian de jingdi dangerous 
position 

jl ng trad IS n mirror 
t"? jingzi mirror (ffi mian) 



96 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



MfjjrFzhao j'ingzi look at oneself in a 
mirror 

jingtou n 1 camera lens 2 shot, scene 
Ay jlng TRAD n track (See 
1 JH tianjing) 

jlng v respect 

jing'ai v respect and love 
KHi&t jing-er-yuan-zhl idiom keep a 
respectful distance from, give a wide 
berth to 

Itfcylf jingjiu v propose a toast 

tfcfLjmgli v salute 

Idling adj quiet, peaceful, silent 

fHM jingqiaoqiao adj perfectly quiet 
and hushed 

jingzuo v 1 meditate 

jingzuo yangsheng meditate 
to keep in good health 
2 stage a sit-in 

,.jing adj clean (See ganjing.) 

JfK-fc jinghua v purify 

jmg h ua feishuT purify waste 

water 

j l U v investigate, probe 

"Jtit jiujing adv Same as JiJJi; daodT 
£lp Q trad v rectify 

jiufen n dispute 
£t|IE jiuzheng v rectify, correct 
fr° trad v hold tight, seize 

num nine 

— jiu-yao-yao 9/1 1 September 1 1 
jiuqian jiubai jiushfjiu 

9,999 

note: See note on yT regarding pronun- 
ciation of — as yao. 

R J “ num nine 

A jia adv for a long time 



jiucan 

> 2 * jiu n moxibustion (See 
J/Czhenjiu.) 

Sjffjiu n alcoholic beverage (ft zhong, 

J $l ping) 

bai jiu colorless spirit distilled from 
grains 

Hflthff putaojiu (grape) wine 
MM huang jiu yellow rice wine 
yjPB jiu ba n (wine) bar, pub 

jiu dian n 1 wine shop 2 restaurant 
3 hotel 

note: Although jiu dian literally 
means wine shop, it is sometimes used to 
mean a hotel, usually a luxury one. This 
usage is especially common in Hong 
Kong, e.g. Xianggang 

bandao jiudian The Peninsula Hong Kong 
Hotel. Also see note on t&JJi fandian. 

ilzx jiuhui n cocktail party, reception 
‘/Hfjf jiujing n alcohol 
ip jiu TRAD If ADJ (of things) old, 
second-hand 

M ilu n mother’s brother, uncle 

Jt5£ jiufu mother’s brother, uncle 
MM jiujiu Same as f!3£ jiufu, used as a 
form of address 

Jt#ijiuma Same as MM jiumu, used as 
a form of address 

MM jiumu mother’s brother’s wife, aunt 
■g^jiu v save, rescue 

$tj)Cjiuhu6 put out a fire, fire fighting 
jiuhuoche fire engine 
jj^fj^jiuhuche ambulance 
jiuji v provide relief 

■pjJA 1 jill prep 1 with regard to, concem- 
L ing 2 as far as ... is concerned, in 
terms of 

cr|A 2 jiu adv as early as ..., as soon as 
... (used before a verb to emphasize 
that the action takes place very early, 
very quickly or only for a very short 
period of time) 

• -M" ' yT...jiu... as soon as ... 
jiucan v take a meal 



97 




MM jiudl 

fcMjiudl adv on the spot 
Mifijiujin adv nearby 
M^jiushi conj even if 

jiusuan conj even if, even though 
Mik jiuye v obtain employment 
MIKjiuzhi v take office 
ppt jQ v 1 occupy (See linju, MM 
75 jumin, Mfi juzhu.) 2 inhabit, dwell 
If 1 !* juliu v reside, live 
Mil?$tjuliuquan right of residency, 
residency 

MIIHiEjuliuzheng residency permit 
MM jumm n resident, inhabitant 
^IMUM# jumm weiyuanhui neighbor- 
hood committee 

note: MMIIM# jumfn weiyuanhui 
is the grassroot organization in Chinese 
cities, under government supervision. In 
colloquial Chinese it is shortened to MU 
^ juweihui. 

M$& juran adv unexpectedly 
M^il jushi n bedroom 
— iHM^I$^i§9 yftao san jushi de 
gongyu a three-bedroom apartment 
Mftjuzhu v reside, inhabit, live 
W* v 1 detain, arrest 2 limit 

f&lii juliu v detain by the police 
I^J^^Tjuliusuo detention center/camp 
jushu adj restrained, ill at ease 
ju v as in jugong 

fjflij jugong v bow, take a bow 
;i"±| j U n chrysanthemum 

|£ft£juhua chrysanthemum 

juhua zhanlan chrysanthe- 
mum show 

iu jii chrysanthemum 
j U n office 






Mnft jubu adj part (not whole), local 
MM jumian n situation, phase 
^T^f^Mdakai jumian usher in a new 
phase, make a breakthrough 
M# jushi n situation 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



/Hjrtl juxian v limit, confine 
Mix: juzhang n director/chief of a bureau 
► ju n tangerine 



ju shu tangerine tree 
fjl^juzi tangerine 

note: juzi can also be written as 

^Pjuzi. 

/rPT ju n carpenter’s square (See 
guTju) 

trad ^ v hold high, raise, lift 

“F* 

juban v conduct (a meeting, an 
event) 

#sjj judong n (body) movement, act 
— 0 — t§\ yiju yfdong every movement 
(of a person) 

jushi wenmfng idiom world- 
renowned 

WTjuxing v hold (a meeting, a cer- 
emony) 

m J u v assemble, get together 

II# juhui n social gathering, (social) 
party 

Bll#juxmg shengri juhui 
throw a birthday party 

note: See note on paidui. 

MM jujf v gather, collect 
MMffisfcCMW jujf zljTn (jfzl) collect 
funds, raise funds 

jujlng huishen idiom give undi- 
vided attention to 

ju m. wd (for sentences) 






— ^Jii§ yf ju hua one sentence 
zhe ju hua this sentence 
juzi n sentence ( / hj ju, -t* ge) 
v own, possess 

Hrjlr jubei v possess, be provided with 
jutT adj specific, concrete 
juyou v have, possess, be provided 
with 



98 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 






ju adv together 



iJUhoP julebu n club 
f M j u trad 'Hi v fear 

Wl^I junei fear one’s wife, be henpecked 
Br|ju trad M I n drama, play II adj 
/h J severe, intense 
IWjuben n script of a play 
^.i^M'J^dianymg juben script of a film, 
scenario 

Mijj^juchang n theater (B£ zuo) 

M'M julie adj fierce, severe 
M'Mftfj^ijiilte de tengtong acute pain 
M'J® jutuan n theatrical company 
M'JPJt juyuan n playhouse, theater (J® zuo) 
trad W prep according to 

Mi#. jushuo idiom it is said, they say, 
rumor has it 
IgjUMsaw 

HrPjuzi hand saw (}I5 ba) 

%IKdianju chainsaw 
gjU adj gigantic 

|=L^ juda adj huge, gigantic, tremendous 
® ju v repel, resist 

ju bu rencuo refuse to admit to 
a mistake 

jujue v refuse, reject 
S§ j£l n a stretch of distance 

M^Jjulf n distance 
^P jlian v donate, contribute 

JPtifc juankuan I v contribute money, 
make a cash donation II n cash donation, 
financial donation 

Jil^juanxian v donate (something of 
considerable value) 

Jilt juanzeng v contribute as a gift, 
donate 

^ jlian vroll up 



i&t . E juezheng 

AP jlian trad n silk (See 
shoujuan.) 

jlian adj tired (See 'Mi% pijuan) 
juevdig 

jSlitJljuetujT excavation machine, earth 
mover 

y-ft. 1 ju adv definitely, under any 
circumstance used before a negative 
word, e.g. ^ bu) 

2 j lie v decide, determine 






juece I v decide on a policy, 
formulate strategy II n policy decision, 
strategic decision (ij/f xiang) 

jueding I v decide, determine, make 
up one’s mind II n decision 
mm zuo jueding make a decision 
i&H juesai n final game, final round, 
finals 

juexTn I n determination 
T^&frxia juexTn make up one’s mind, 
be determined 

II v be determined, make up one’s mind 
jueyi n resolution 

^ilj&i^tichu jueyi put forward a 
resolution 

{■^{il^i^zuochu jueyi adopt a resolution 
juezhan I v wage a decisive battle 
II n decisive battle 

jue trad Ji v feel, sense 

JaL 

JifcW' juecha v detect, perceive 
juede v feel, find, think 
jj&'lp- juewu v gain understanding, become 
aware of 

j^SI juexTng v be awakened (to truth, 
reality, etc.) 

fyh* jue TRAD I ADJ absolute II v cut 
LJ off, sever 

juedui adv absolutely 

juedui duoshu absolute major- 

ity 

juewang v despair, give up all hope 
jueyuan v (of electricity) insulate 
juezheng n terminal illness 



99 




¥ jun 

^rjun trad n army, armed forces 

haijun navy 
kongjun air force 
Pifc?pL lujun army 

junbei n weapons and equipment, 
armaments 

SplA jundui n armed forces, troops (jt 
zhi) 

junguan n military officer, officer 
(£, ming, tfe wei) 

W‘A junhuo n arms and ammunition 
junjian n warship ($| sou) 

W-A junren N serviceman, soldier (4-1 ming) 
Ipipf junshi n military affairs 
WWi junxu n military supplies 
junyong adj for military use 
junzhuang n army uniform 
jg*Jun n 1 monarch 2 gentleman 

I’ijunzhu N monarch 
^ijL^junzhu lixian constitutional 
monarchy 

M"? junzY n cultured and honorable man, 
gentleman 

note: In Confucianism junzi refers 
to a cultured gentleman and a man of 
virtue. junzT is in contrast with /f>A 
xiaoren, a mean person or an inferior being. 






jun adj equal 



ifyty junyun adj well distributed, evenly 
applied 

•j±±* jun n fungus, bacterium (See M 
m ft xi jun.) 

»||A jun adj harsh, stem (See f* il^ 
yanjun) 

jun adj handsome (See 
yTngjun) 

meinu jun nan beautiful 
women and handsome men 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



K 

P|jjj ka used in nJj[|P^ kafei only 

RjjQR^ kafei n coffee (If bei) 

'^cRMPnong kafei espresso 
il^lMMurdng kafei instant coffee 

chong kafei make (instant) coffee 
^i]Mpzhu kafei brew coffee 

note: RJlRPlP kafei is one of the few transli- 
terations (ilfi$iWJ yTnyici) in Chinese 
vocabulary, as it represents more or less 
the sound of “coffee.” 






ka n card (^ zhang) 



heka greeting card 
IIHH^jieshu ka library card 
{sM^xinyong ka credit card 
fjlfrlr yrnhang ka banking card 
kache n lorry, tmck (?$j liang) 

note: The composition of kache 

is a semi-transliteration ban 

yTnyici): A ka represents the sound of the 
English word “car” and $ che means 
vehicle. See UjjRPlP kafei for an example of 
transliteration. 

-fr# kapian N card ($c zhang) 

trad HI v 1 open, open up 
2 turn on, switch on 3 drive (a vehi- 
cle), pilot (a plane) 4 start 
kaicai v mine, excavate 
kaichu v expel 

bei xuexiao kaichu be 
expelled from the school 
JfTJ kaidao v perform a medical operation 
kaifa v develop (land, resources, 
products, etc.) 

kaifashang (real estate, land) 
developer 

JF M kaifang v open, open up 
JPX kaigong v (of a factory) start produc- 
tion, (of a construction project) start 
building 

kaiguan n switch 



100 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



■ £ kaihul v attend a meeting, hold a 
meeting 

kaike v introduce a course, teach a 
subject 

JFJH kaiken v reclaim (wasteland) 

P kaikou v start to talk 
MVAff P nanyT kaikou find it difficult to 
bring up a matter 

9F $tl kaikuo adj open and wide, expan- 
sive, spacious 

9^1$ kailang adj broad-minded and 
outspoken, always cheerful 

xingge kailang of a cheerful 
disposition 

JFP kaimen v open for business 

kaimfng adj civilized, enlightened 

3FIIP kairnu v (of a play, a ceremony, 
conference, etc.) open, start 

kaimushi opening ceremony 
kai pi v open up, start 
kaishe v 1 offer (a course in a col- 
lege) 2 open (an office, a factory, etc.) 

kaishl I v begin, commence II n 
beginning, start 

9^3^ kaitou n Same as TF#n kaishT, used 
colloquially. 

JFIS kaituo v open up 

kai wanxiao v joke 
TOtI---JFJjc^gen/he...kai wanxiao 
joke with ..., make fun of .... 

JF'lL' kaixln adj feeling happy, delighted 
^ kaixue v start (school) 

JfqlC kaiyan v start (a performance, a 
film, etc.) 

kai yeche v bum the midnight oil 
kaizhan v launch, develop, expand 
kaizhT I v pay (expenses) II n expen- 
diture, expenses 

0 richang jiayong kaizhT 

daily household expenses 

BH k4i adj triumphant 



flJ 



kaixuan v return in triumph 
kai adj deeply touched (See 
gankai) 

kan v publish 



S’JaL kanjian 



flJH kandeng v publish (in a newspaper, 
magazine, etc.) 

flJ^J kanwu n periodical, journal, 
magazine 

ka n v survey, investigate 

kantan n prospecting, exploration 
^yftSl^|^.shiy6ukantan dui oil pros- 
pecting team 

kan modal v may, can 

kan v look after, take care of 



kan haizi look after children, 
baby-sit 



note: This verb % j is pronounced in the 
first tone when used in this sense. 



v chop, hack 




kan v 1 look, watch 2 read 



If^fJtkan dianshi watch TV 

kan dianylng watch a film 
ttM kan tfyu bTsai watch a sport 

event 



note: See note on HJAL kanjian. 



kanbing v see a doctor 
kanbuqT v look down upon, 
despise 

kandeqT respect, hold in esteem 

note: In colloquial Chinese, HTvlS 
qiaobuqT can be used instead of 
kanbuqT. Likewise ##^2 kandeqT may 
be replaced by qiaodeqT. 

## kandai v look upon, regard, treat 
M'iX kanfa n 1 way of looking at things, 
view 2 negative opinion 
kanjian v see, get sight of 
^FJEkanbujian cannot see 
kandejian can see 

‘/^(Wj^JALniei (you) kanjian fail to see 



101 




kanlai 

note: While 4f kan is to look or to look 
at , fl-JJil kanjian is to see or to catch sight 
of. For example: 

^.o Wo chao chuang wai kan, meiyou 
kanjian shenme. I looked out of the win- 
dow and did not see anything. 

kanlai adv it looks as if, it seems as if 
M'W. kanwang v call on, pay a visit to 

kanyangzi adv Same as MM kanlai 
kanzud v regard as, look upon as 

ba m kan zuo 

wode hao pengyou (I) regard you as my 
good friend, take you for my good friend 
fcjfe kang n good health (See 
jiankang.) 

Tffr kang as in fi'lliE kangkai 



kangkai adj generous, liberal 
kang n husk, bran, chaff 



4^ kang v resist (See ix.fr C fankang, fri 
jjuiX kangyi.) 

fjtifr kangjT v beat back, resist by fighting 

filT^ kangyi v, n protest 

—2^- kang ADJ high, haughty 

iii 

kang n a heatable brick bed, kang 

kao v examine, test 

kaocha v 1 inspect, make an on-the- 
spot investigation 2 test and judge (a 
person) 

kaogu v do archaeological studies 
kaoguxue archaeology 
kaohe v examine and check 
#^#4^ nianzhong kaohe annual 
(staff) performance review 

kaolu v think over carefully, con- 
sider, contemplate 

kaoqu v pass an examination for 
admission to employment or study 
kaoqu mfngpai daxue 
gain admission to a famous university by 
passing an examination 
kaoshi I v examine, test 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



kao de hao do well in an exami- 
nation 

^H(M\$?k5o d e bu hao do poorly in an 
examination 

II n examination, test ('/X ci, % chang) 

(it#) gaodeng 

xuexiao ruxue kaoshi (gaokao) univer- 
sity entrance examination 
iXi^X^^i^Hanyu ShuTpmg Kaoshi 
(HSK) Chinese Proficiency Test 

kaoyan I v test, put through rigorous 
testing II n rigorous test, trial 
kao v bake, roast 

kao v rely on, depend on 

kaodezhu trustworthy, reliable 
kaobuzh untmstworthy, unreliable 
Jnfciil kaojin v close to, near 
qC'l keN 1 section (of an administration 
office) 

M^44caiwuke finance section 

2 branch (of academic study) 
X44gongke faculty of engineering 
3344 like faculty of (natural) sciences 
j£44 wenke faculty of arts 

3 shortening for 44# kexue 
44f£ keji science and technology 

449 kemu n (school) subject, course 
44# kexue n science 
44#W^(44W) kexue yanjiu (keyan) 
scientific research 
44#^ kexuejia n scientist (fx wei) 
44#®ckexueyuan n academy of science 
444c kezhang n section head 
m. wd (for plants) 

san ke shu three trees 
— yj ke cao a blade of grass 
MX k m. wd (for beans, pearl, etc.) 



1 



— IllJCllyike huangdou a soybean 
ke v knock 



Hyk ketou v kowtow 
v cough 



102 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



kesou v cough 

kesou yaoshuT cough syrup 
kesou tang cough lozenge/drop 
-=±r ke n shell 

^m^Bjidanke egg shell 
-prT ke I adv 1 indeed (used before an 
adjective for emphasis) 2 after all 
(used before a verb for emphasis) 3 be 
sure to (used in an imperative sentence 
for emphasis) II modal v can be, may be 
III conj Same as keshi 

note: ke is only used colloquially. 

When using nf ke to emphasize an adjec- 
tive or a verb, P$l la, ^ ne or T le is often 
used at the end of the sentence, e.g. 

Dang fumu ke bu rongyi 
ne! Being a parent is indeed no easy job! 

pTil ke'ai adj lovable, lovely 

NOTE: oj in the sense of can be, may be 
plus a verb forms an adjective, similar 
to English adjectives of v+-able/ible. For 
example, Rhil ke'ai is similar to lovable. 
Quite a number of Chinese adjectives are 
formed in the same way as ke'ai. 

mt kechT adj shameful, disgraceful 
HfSd keguan adj considerable, sizeable 
— j^yibT keguan de xianjln 
a considerable sum of cash 
RTm - kegui adj valuable, recommendable 
rT kejian conj it can be seen, it is thus 
clear 

rTS kekao adj reliable, trustworthy 
rTP kekou adj palatable, tasty 
rTP RTift kekoukele n Coca-Cola ($l ping) 
l=f^ baishikele Pepsi[-Cola] 

note: «]*□ nf/h kekoukele is a transliter- 
ation of “Coca-Cola.” It can be shortened 
into RHh kele. 

Rff? kelian adj pitiful, pitiable 
Rlfb keneng I modal v may, possible, 
possibly II n possibility 
(&mtfc(mei) you keneng (^pos- 
sible, (im)possibly 



§A keren 

RffS kepa adj fearsome, frightening 
rTtI: keshi conj Same as {fbHk danshi, used 
colloquially. 

R]l£ kewu adj detestable, hateful 
Rflt kexi adj be a pity, be a shame 
Rl# kexT adj gratifying, heartening 
kexiao adj laughable, ridiculous 
rHt kexfng adj can be done, feasible 
RjfT't^ kexmgxing feasibility 
RffrttfK'n’ kexmgxing baogao feasibi- 
lity report 

rTM keyf adj suspicious 
RJMiHP keyffenzi a suspect 
fr^RTlIxmgwei keyi suspicious behav- 
ior 

rM key! modal v giving permission, 
may, can, be allowed 
adj thirsty 

P$t kouke thirsty 
note: See note on he. 

MM kewang v thirst for, long for 
‘ ke m. wd gram 






wubai ke 500 grams 
jnLBli kefu v overcome, conquer 

1 ke v carve 

2 ke m. wd quarter of an hour 

— y\ ke zhdng a quarter of an hour, 
15 minutes 

san dian yf ke a quarter past 

three 

keku adj hardworking, assiduous, 
painstaking 
ke n guest 



keche n 1 passenger train 2 coach 
S55E keguan adj objective 

keguan de baodao objective 

report 

kehu n client, buyer 
keqi adj 1 polite, standing on cer- 
emony 2 modest 
31-A keren n guest, visitor 



103 




§JT ketlng 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



§jf keting n living room, sitting room 
il k * trad n lesson, class, lecture 



iriHshang ke go to class 
TiUxia ke finish class 

keben n textbook, course book ben) 
kecheng n course, a program of study 
iUBt keshf n class hour 
inis’ ketang n classroom 
iniS ketf n research topic 
in^t kewen n text (H pian) 

ketl modal v be willing to 



_Lfc^ 

n 



El/E kending I v confirm, acknowledge 
II adj affirmative, positive, definite 
pj-L ken v gnaw, nibble 



m. 



ken trad ffi adj sincere 



,!ffl 

, 1 * 



M 



kenqie adj earnest, sincere 
kenqiu v implore, entreat 
ken trad iS v cultivate (land) 



ijt 



kenhuang v reclaim wasteland 
keng n pit, hollow 



kong I adj empty II n sky 



kongdong adj hollow, devoid of 
content 

kongdong de chengnuo 
hollow promise 

^i$ konghua n empty talk, hollow words 
$ffj kongjian n space, room 
kongjun n air force 
kongqi n air 

kongqian adj unprecedented 
kongtiao n air conditioning 
kongtiaojT air conditioner 

kongtiao de fangjian 
air-conditioned room 

kongxiang n pipe-dream, fantasy 
&& kongxln adj hollow 
‘slM kongxu adj void, empty 
^’^^j^shenghuo kongxu live a life 
devoid of any meaning, a meaningless 
existence 



kongzhong n in the sky, in the air 
jgL kong v fear 

f&Pfc kongbu adj horrible, terrifying 

kongbu dianymg horror movie 
kongbu fenzi terrorist 
kongbu huodong terrorist 

activity 

kongbu zhuyi terrorism 
kongju v be in great fear of, dread 
ff&fQ kong pa adv I’m afraid, perhaps 

note: kong pa and -tiL# yexu may 

both mean perhaps , but iS'l'fi kong pa 
implies that what might perhaps happen is 
undesirable. 



?L 



kong n aperture, hole 



KongfuzT N Confucius 



note: KongfuzT— also called flrF* 

KongzT in Chinese — is the most influential 
Chinese philosopher. His Europeanized 
name is Confucius. His teachings are 
referred to as KongzT xueshuo or 

Rujia xueshuo. 



-FLiit kongque n peacock (K zhl) 

kong I adj unoccupied, vacant 



kdngfang vacant room 
II n free time 

kongbai adj blank space 

kongbai zhlpiao blank check 
kongque n vacant position 
kongxi n narrow gap, brief interval 
$1^1 kongxian I adj be free II n free time, 
leisure 

kongzi n loophole 

f&^'f'zuan kongzi take advantage of a 
loophole 

kong v 1 control 2 accuse 



££ ef konggao v accuse, sue 

konggu gongs! n holding 
company 

kongzhi v control, dominate 



104 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



*B+ kuaiji 



m 



kOU v dig with a finger 



□ kOU I n mouth II m. wd (for mem- 
bers of a family) 
kou' an n port 

P^“ kouca I n the ability to speak well, 
gift of gab II adj eloquent 
^fP^* you kouca i be eloquent 
PP£ kouchi v stammer, stutter 
Pt£f kouchi N the ability to pronounce 
sounds and words clearly 
Pt&Jiflt kouchi qlngchu with clear 
enunciation 

P$| koudai n pocket (K zhl) 

P-^* kouhao n slogan tiao) 

P'H kouqi n 1 tone (of speech) 

wenhe de kouqi gentle tone 
2 manner of speaking 
HJt'ffel^P'HtTng fade kouqi judging by 
the way he spoke 
P$r kouqiang n oral cavity 
Pi^ koushi n oral examination 
P34 koutou adj oral, spoken 

koutou xieyi oral agreement 
Pif kouyu n spoken language, speech 
f kOU I n 1 button 



Jr 



iP-f 1 kouzi button 
2 knot 

H'MPJL xi ge kour make a knot 
II v 1 button up 

^P tP"? kou kouzi do up the buttons 
2 detain, arrest 3 deduct 
tP[^ kouchu v deduct 
^P^ kouliu v detain, hold in custody 
kouliu jiashl zhfzhao 
suspend a driving license 
^Pj? kouya v distrain, detain 
^PBE kouya v withhold, pigeonhole 
kOU n bandit 

M 

pp ku v cry, weep, sob 






ku adj withered 



ku n cave, hole 

MM kulong n hole, cavity 
-tyh kU adj 1 bitter 2 (of life) hard, 
f-5 miserable 

RZ^chTku suffer hardships, endure hard- 
ships 

kumen adj depressed, dejected 
kunan n great suffering, misery 
kunao adj vexed, troubled 
t^ku trad n warehouse (See ^ 
r r cangku) 

kucun n stock, reserve 
|j|ku trad 1$ n trousers 

If!-?- kuzi n trousers (^ tiao) 
adj 1 cruel 



m$l kuzao adj dull and dry 

kuzao fawei dull and insipid 



AU 

InfflJ kuxi'ng cruel torture, torture 
2 cool (loanword for “very good”) 
ku; vl exaggerate, boast 2 praise 

M'jK. kuada v exaggerate 

kuajiang v praise, commend 
ff ku " v collapse, break down 

dakua defeat, rout, smash 
D/r kua v take big strides 

Ps 

kuaguo gongsi multinational 

company 

kua v carry on the arm 

kuai adj quick, fast 

kuaican N fast food 
kuai che n express train 
'I&iit kuaidi n express delivery 
'I&ifi kuaile adj joyful, happy 
'jifciiS kuaisu adj highspeed 
kuai as in #i+ kuaiji 
ZX 

zH'f' kuaiji n 1 accounting 

kuaiji niandu fiscal year 
2 accountant 

kuaiji zhuren chief accountant 



105 




kuai 

.L4* kuai trad M m. wd 1 (for things 
that can be broken into lumps or 
chunks) 

yi' kuai dangao a piece/slice of 

cake 

liang kuai mianbao two pieces 

of bread 

2 (for money) yuan, dollar (only in 
spoken Chinese) 

Hi&fl san kuai qian three yuan (or dol- 
lars) 

note: See note on tc yuan, 
kuai n chopstick 

'PFFkuaizi n chopstick, chopsticks 
— shuang kuaizi a pair of 
chopsticks 

kuatl trad Jl adj l wide, broad 
JAL 2 lenient, generous 3 well-off 
kuanchang adj spacious 
HA kuanda adj 1 roomy, spacious 
2 lenient 

kuandai n broadband 
H, A kuanguang adj extensive, expansive 
Hllil kuankuo adj broad, wide 

kuatl n sum of money (^| bi) 

mA 

ifcfrjF kuandai v entertain hospitably 
* kuang ADJ mad, wild 



$E‘ 



$EJ*t kuangfeng n terrible wind, strong 
fast wind 

£EA kuangren n madman, maniac 
kuangwang adj outrageously 
conceited 

kuang n situation (See ffift qing- 
. kuang, fkift zhuangkuang.) 

K kuangqie conj moreover, besides 

f 5 - kuang trad Hi n (coal, gold, etc.) 
mine (^ zuo), mineral 
jfnkuang gold mine 
meikuang coal mine 
youkuang oilfield 

ftTil kuangcang n mineral resources 
f 71 kuangchan n mineral products 
fjTl kuanggong n miner 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



kuangqu n mining area 
^TlL| kuangshan n mine 
kuangshf n mineral ore 
kuang wu n mineral 
kuang ADJ free from worries 



r 



H/*X kuanggong v absent from work 
without leave 

Hfif kuang ke v absent from school 
without leave 
kuT I N loss 

V 

If -7 ? AJ&zhuan kui wei yfng turn loss 
into gain 

II v 1 lose, be deficient 2 thank to 
kuldai v treat shabbily 
kulsun n loss, deficiency 
kuf as in kuihua 



kuihua n sunflower 
kui adj ashamed (See \ 



l can kui.) 



I 



kun as in kunchong 



M.A kunchong N insect (H zhi) 

44tJ kun I v bundle up, tie II M. wd 
bundle 

® kun I v be stranded, be in a tough 
spot II adj sleepy 

0^ kunku adj poverty-stricken, destitute 
0$£ kunnan I n difficulty 
jnL)]|0$i kefu kunnan overcome dif- 
ficulty 

II adj difficult 

kUO trad I® v spread out 



r 



itJE kuochong v strengthen, reinforce 
tT A kuoda v expand, enlarge 
tt kuosan v spread, proliferate 
kuozhang v expand, extend 
-k£. kUO v include, embrace (See 
JH gaikuo.) 

adj wide (See Xl?5| guangkuo.) 



106 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



=. Ian 



la v pull 



ft 



la as in laji 

ixM laji n rubbish, garbage 
ft^^JIlajl chulT rubbish disposal 
ft$£:$|lajT dai rubbish bag 
laj \i xiang rubbish bin 
laji youjian n junk mail 
PJLlkftlW# zuzhT laji youjian prevent 
junk mail 

jjjjjlj ^ as in BlJPA laba 

P||HA laba n 1 horn, trumpet 2 loudspeaker 
PfclppA chuT laba blow the horn, play the 
trumpet 



It 



la 



\ lazhu n candle (jt chi) 

Indian lazhu light a candle 
git la trad Hi adj 1 of the twelfth 
/]B month of the lunar year 2 (of meat) 
salted and dried, cured 
It$I larou n cured meat, ham 

layue n the twelfth (and last) month 
of the lunar year 

k la v 1 leave out 2 lag behind 



m 



note: When used in these senses, ^ is 
pronounced as la, not as luo, which it usu- 
ally is. See diu-san-la-si. 

jzk la adj spicy hot, peppery 






lajiao N red pepper, chilli 
la particle (an exclamation indicat- 
ing completion of an action and/ 
or emergence of a new situation; 7 le 
+ PH a) 

note: I tju la is the combination of T le 
and PH a . It is only used at the end of a sen- 
tence. You can replace I ® la with T le but 
then the strong emotive coloring of PH 



a is lost. Compare: Wo ying la! / 

won! and M7o Wo yi'ng le. I won. 

-Hr l lai TRAD v come, come to, 
move towards to the speaker 
laibTn n guest, visitor 

laibujf v not have enough time (to 
do something), there isn’t enough time (to 
do something) 

note: The opposite to laibujf is 

laideji, e.g.: o Hai 

laidejf chT zaofan. There is still enough time 
to have breakfast. 

laifang v come to visit, come to call 
laihuf v make a round trip, make a 
return journey 

laike n guest, customer (to a restau- 
rant, hotel, etc.) 

laili n origin, background 

lain burning of uncertain 
origin, of dubious background 
lailm v arrive, approach 
3|£^ lainian N the coming year 

laiwang N dealings, connection 
he tamen meiyou 

laiwang have had no dealings with them 
laixin n letter received, incoming 
letter 

liayuan n source, origin 

xiaoxi laiyuan source of the 

news 

laizi v come from 

tJt 2 lai trad num approximately, 

>■ more or less, close to (used after 
the number 10 or a multiple of 10 to 
indicate approximation) 

shf lai liang che about ten cars 
wushf lai ge xuesheng 
approximately fifty students 

sanbai si shf lai kuai 
qian about 340 yuan 

trad fl v rely (See WM, yTlai) 

Ian trad M n orchid 

lanhua orchid 



107 




tn Ian 



Ian trad fH N railing, fence 

mi 

fe 1 



langan n railing, banister, balustrade 
Ian trad v stop, block, hold back 



JJ£ 



Ian TRAD W. ADJ blue 
: Ian trad H n basket 



lanqiu n basketball 

lanqiu bTsai basketball match 
lanqiu dui basketball team 
XTlaJ^da lanqiu play basketball 
ill"? lanzi n basket 
HA- Ian trad if v view (See 
JaL youlan, $3^11 yuelanshi, 
zhanlan.) 

4lK* Ian trad jtvl pull into one’s 
m arms, take into one’s arms 2 take on 
Ian shengyi canvass for business 

J |^fi TRAD ^ ADJ ^ az ^’ * nc ^ ent 

landuo adj lazy 
Ian gutou N lazybones 
t l±L Ian trad 'Hi I v rot, go bad II adj 
/'ll rotten (See fulan) 

l3n trad Sl I v overflow, flood 
lint (See fanlan) II adj excessive, 
indiscriminate 

inaffi lanyong v abuse, misuse 

lanyong zhfquan abuse one’s 

power 

lang n wolf (K zhi) 

S£#$i£l!ft36pTzhe yangpf de lang a 
wolf in sheep’s clothing 
— f$fHyl qun lang a pack of wolves 
langbei adj in an awkward position 
F langbei weijian v act in collu- 
sion with each other 
His 1 *" 9 n corridor 

Ijbrr lang suffix (for certain nouns of 
: people) 

$C$li[$fang yanglang shepherd 
M ia " 9 adj loud and clear 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



langdu v read in a loud and clear 
voice 

langsong v recite (a poem) theatri- 
cally 

rii lang I n wave II adj uncontrolled, 
PC dissolute 

|}H langchao n tide, tidal wave 
langfei v waste 
langman adj romantic 
lao trad W v pull or drag out of 
J77 water 

JX^dalao salvage (a sunken ship, etc.) 
-+h lao TRAD If V toil 

laodong v do manual labor 

naoli laodong mental work 
till laodong physical (manual) 

labor 

laodong jie n Labor Day (on 
May 1) 

laodongli n work force, manpower 
^^J^l^A^laodongli buzu short of 
manpower 

laojia idiom Excuse me, Would you 
mind (doing ... for me) 

note: laojia is a northern dialect 

expression. To say Excuse me, XXT'fe 
duibuqT is more widely used. 



$ 



lao as in laodao 



laodao adj be garrulous 

daodao shuo 

ge meiwan chatter on and on 
>r| ~» 130 I adj firm, fast II n shortening 
for ^3r laofang 
zuolao serve jail term 
$)?? laofang n Same as jianyu, used 
only informally. 

laogu adj Ann, solid 
laosao n discontent, grumbling 
^$jj|rfalaosae grumble 
glio, adj 1 old, elderly 

lao taitai old lady, old woman 
lao xiansheng old gentleman, 

old man 



108 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



2 long-standing 

laopengyou long-standing friend 
II prefix (added to numbers to indicate 
seniority among siblings) 

^A lao da the eldest child 
lao er the second child 

note: Chinese tradition values and 
respects old age. Today, people still attach 
^ lao to a family name as a form of ad- 
dress to show respect and friendliness to 
an older person, e.g. Lao LT, Lao 
Wang. See note on <b xiao. 

laobaixing n common people, 
ordinary folk 

t laoban n 1 boss 2 owner of a store, a 
business, etc. 

laocheng adj (of a youngster) ma- 
ture and experienced 
^AM laodaniang n (a respectful 
form of address or reference to an old 
woman) (fu wei) 

note: See note on laodaye. 

^•A^ laodaye N (a respectful form of ad- 
dress or reference to an old man) (tfe wei) 

note: laodaniang and 4§A^ 

laodaye both have a rustic flavor. They 
are normally not used in cities or among 
better-educated people, 4£AA laotaitai/ 
laoxiansheng is a more appropri- 
ate word. 

laohan n old man, old fellow 
laohu n tiger (A tou, K zhi) 
/J^^xiao laohu tiger cub 
laohua v 1 becoming old 
An^ffcrenkoulaohua ageing of the 
population 
2 becoming outdated 

t zhTshi laohua outdated 
knowledge 

laojia n native place 

laolrng n old age, people of old age 

laonian n old age 

laonianren old person 
laopo n (vulgarism) wife, old girl 



laoye 

q^A laoren n old person, elderly person 
({£ wei) 

laorenjia n (respectful form of 
address for an old person) 
laoshT n teacher (fi wei) 

note: laoshT, usually prefixed by 

a family name, is the standard form of 
address to a teacher in Mainland China or 
other Chinese-speaking regions, e.g. 
llfft Wang LaoshT. There is no equivalent of 
Wang LaoshT in English. 

laoshi adv always, constantly 
laoshi adj honest 

laoshi hua plain truth 
5&AA laoshi ren honest person 

laoshi shuo to tell the truth 
laoshu n mouse/mice, rat(s) (M zhT) 
^AH laotaipo n old woman 

note: See note on ^AJL laotour. 

AA laotaitai n (a respectful form of 
address or reference to an old woman) 
(fu wei) 

laotianye n the Old Lord of 
Heaven, Heaven, God 

L laotour n old man (A ge) 

note: ( 1 ) laotour is an impolite 

way of referring to an old man. As a form 
of address, 4§AJL laotour is very rude. 
Instead, use the neutral term laoren 
or the polite terms laoxiansheng 

or 4£A^r laodaye. (2) The corresponding 
impolite word for an old woman is ^£A§I 
laotaipo. Use ^AA laotaitai or 4£A#R 
laodaniang instead, 
laowai n foreigner 

note: laowai is a familiar term for 

foreigner in China. It is quite informal, but 
not really impolite. The formal term is 
HI A waiguoren. 

laoxiansheng n (a respectful form 
of address or reference to an old man) 

(fi wei) 

laoye n (old fashioned) lord, sir 



109 




^^■*7 laozihao 

laozihao n established brand or 

shop 

• ^-4r !^0 as in MM laolao 

MM laolao n (maternal) granny 
lao n waterlogging, flooding 

iyJ 

■WMMBfchdnl&a baoshou (of crops) 
sure to reap a good harvest even if there 
is drought or flooding 
r? le trad adj happy, delighted, 
joyful 

JfcM leguan adj optimistic 

leguan zhuyi optimism 
^XJEij^#leguanzhuyizhe optimist 
lequ n pleasure, joy 
leshi n pleasure, delight 
ifcm leyi adj be happy to, be willing to 
v rein in 

lesuo v extort, blackmail 

T ie particle 1 (used after a verb to 
indicate the completion of an action) 
2 (used at the end of a sentence to indi- 
cate the emergence of a new situation) 
/=¥=> lei n thunder 

m 

fTW dalei thunder 
Hxk leida n radar 
WM leiyu n thunderstorm 
n (flower) bud 

w 

g* lei trad H n as in leiqiu 
jE 

llJjjc leiqiu n softball 
^f^^leiqiubang softball bat (fl| gen) 
lei trad >M n teardrop, tear (See 
IR^ yanlei.) 

lei trad iM n kind, category, class 

leisi adj similar 
leixfng N type (# zhong) 

FH lei adj exhausted, tired 



dh leng n edge 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 






leng adj cold 



lengdan adj cold, indifferent, 
apathetic 

lengjing adj calm, sober 
lengque I v to make cool II n cooling 
lengqueji coolant, cooler 
lengyin n cold drink, ice-cream 
<j:B| ^ng adj stupefied, blank 

fa leng look stupefied, stare blankly 
m. wd one thousandth of a foot 

IfmT m. wd centimeter 
trad HI I v depart, leave II prep 
( indicating distance in space or time) 
away from, from 
]lj- ■ ill If... jin close to 

■ is If... yuan far away from 
Ifbie v leave, bid farewell 
fl$if Ifhun v divorce 

Ifhun xieyi divorce settlement 
shenqing Ifhun file a divorce, 
sue for a divorce 

flkTF Ifkai v 1 depart, leave 2 do without 
^fcJflfbukai cannot do without 
Ifxiu v (of officials) retire 
trad SI n hedge, fence 

jHiii Ifba n bamboo fence, twig fence 
1 1 as in fPJj liming 

IIBJj Ifmfng n dawn, daybreak 
jjg 1 1 N racoon dog 

If n pear (K zhi) 

^1^ r 

^|J \ \ n plough 

n glass (See boli.) 

L ' n (a family name) 

-F 

NOTE! ^ Li is the most common family 
name in China. 



110 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



tL 



trad M n 1 rite, ceremony 2 gift 



LTbaitian n Same as 
XTngqTtian. A rather old-fashioned word. 
-fLl^ ITjie n etiquette, protocol 
^\M ITmao adj polite, courteous 
-fLcm lipin n gift {\% jian) 

ITtang n auditorium, assembly hall 
(1* zuo) 

ITwu n gift, present (1^ jian ) 
^f^L^jiehun ITwu wedding present 
jfe shengri ITwu birthday present 
xlnnian ITwu New Year present 



note: Chinese modesty requires that you 
belittle your present, describing it as 
/ J n 4L#9 yf jian xiao ITwu a small/insignifi- 
cant gift. Upon receiving a present, it is 
bad manners to open it immediately. The 
recipient is first supposed to say 
ffl buyong buyong You didn’t have to and 
then express thanks for the gift, describing 
it as '$] Zheme hao de ITwu 

such a nice gift , e.g. ilhll 

Xiexie nT songgei wo zheme 
hao de ITwu. Thank you forgiving me such 
a nice gift. 



trad H: n inside 



Jli& ITbian n inside 
M® iTmian n Same as Mii ITbian 

M 2 l! m.wd (a traditional Chinese 
unit of distance, equivalent to half a 
kilometer) 

I n pattern, reason II v manage, 
handle 

iTcai v (usu. negative sense) show 
interest in, pay attention to 

ITfa v have a haircut and shampoo, 
have one’s hair done 

ITfadian barbershop, hair salon 
ITfashI barber, hairdresser, hairstylist 



note: Instead of the plain word 
ITfadian, many hair salons now give 
themselves fanciful names such as 
meifatTng. 



fft IT 

Jizx IThuT v 1 comprehend, understand 
2 take notice of 

bulThui take no notice of, ignore 
ITjie v understand, comprehend 
Jit - *? ITkuT adj be in the wrong 
§ zlzhl ITkuT know oneself to be 
in the wrong, realize that justice is not 
on one’s side 
Mifc ITIun n theory 

iTnian n notion, ideal 
|Tshi n member of a council 
JJt#T ITsuodangran adj naturally, as 
should be expected 

ITxiang n ideal, aspiration 
ITxiang zhuyi idealism 
shixian ITxiang realize an ideal 
JSS ITyou n reason, justification, ground, 
argument 

iTzhfqlzhuang adj bold and as- 
sured that justice is on one’s side 
n strength, force, might 



* 



liliang n 1 strength 2 efforts, ability 
jj'H liqi n physical strength 
jjM liqiu v strive for, do one’s best for 

ITqiu wanmei strive for perfec- 
tion 

litu v try hard, try one’s best to 
^J®0t#^b^fitu gaishan chujing try 
hard to improve one’s situation 

Uzheng v work hard for, do all one 
can to 

IT trad M n past experience 






ITdai n successive dynasties 
lilai adv all through the ages, always, 
ever since 

ITshT n history 

M^^^ITshTxuejia historian 
trad M v drip, trickle 



W 



lifliif liqmg n asphalt 
as in life lizhT 

JKtfc fizhT n litchi, lichee 

n slave (See MM null) 



111 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



ll chestnut 

lizi chestnut ($5| ke) 

11 I v stand 

^AL^^zud-fi-bu-an on pins and 
needles, on tenterhooks, anxious 
II adv immediately, at once 
alM lichang N position, standpoint 
aL7j lifang m. wd (mathematics) cube 

san lifang mT/gongchT 3 

cubic meters 

jlBP lljf adv immediately, without delay 
lijiaoqiao n overpass, flyover 
zuo) 

±lM like adv at once, immediately 
lit! adj three-dimensional 
1 1 trad M adj severe, strict 

jjjtfF liha adj severe, fierce, formidable 

note: (1) lihai is often used with # 
de to indicate a very high degree, e.g.: 
MA^#f7jilro Zheliangtian rede lihai. 
These days are terribly hot. / tW A~P?EJL 
Qingrenjie huar guide lihai. 
Flowers are terribly expensive on Valentine’s 
Day. (2) M'it lihai may be written as fij 
W lihai. 

11 trad ll adj beautiful (See HM 

013 meili.) 

trad Mb v encourage (See 1 £JIj 
)JyJ guli .) 

n 1 benefit, advantage 2 profit, 

J interest 

libi n pros and cons 
lihai Same as lihai 
lilii n interest rate 
M'M lirun n profit 
flJH fix! n interest (on a loan) 
flJSi liyi n benefit, interest 

liyong v make use of, benefit from 
[i- n example 






liwai n exception 
m. wd (for rice, pearls, etc) 

— A yf li ml a grain of rice 
lia trad num two people 






lian trad Hi I v connect, join II adv 
in succession, repeatedly III prep 
even 

- lian...dou= idiom even 

note: (1) lian. ..dou... is an em- 

phatic expression, stressing the word after 
lian. (2) f|$ dou may be replaced by -til 
ye, i.e. j£--~t!l" - lian. ..ye... is the same 
as *£•••#&••• lian. ..dou..., e.g.: 
f^lJl [ lift ] &Io Lian san sui xiaohai ye 
[dou] zhTdao. Even a toddler knows this. 

liandu n company (in the army) 
lianlian adv repeatedly, again and 
again 

i£'|t lianmang v make haste, hasten 
without the slightest delay 

Manmian v continue, be continuous, 
be uninterrupted 

® |W] Nantong conj together with 

lianxu v be continuous, in succes- 
sion, in a row 

lianxuju n TV series 
lianye adv that very night 
lian N lotUS 

M 

iH-plianzi lotus seed 

lian adj 1 inexpensive, cheap 
2 morally clean 

Hiil* lianjia adj low-priced, inexpensive 
JS^ttSltHianjia chushou sell at low 
prices 

Hr/ef lianjie adj (of officials) honest and 
clean, not corrupt 
: lian n sickle 



lizi n example (T' ge) 
ju lizi give an example 
mn liru conj for example, such as 



§|7J liandao sickle (|K ba) 

lian n curtain (See ftf?}? chuanglian) 

I P 

lian trad If v pity (See nTt? 
lx kelian.) 



112 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



liaotian 



* 



lian trad W v connect 



lianbang n federation, union 
Dc'n' lianhe v unite, get together (to do 
something) 

Lianhe Guo the United Nations 
l&^IIIpiftlA Lianhe Guo budui United 
Nations troops 

lianhuan v have a get-together, have 
a gala/party 

lianluo v liaise, get in touch with 
lianluoyuan liaison officer 
lianmeng n alliance, coalition 
lianxi I v get in touch, contact II n 
connection, relationship 

lianxiang v make a connection in the 
mind, associate with 

liars trad M n face zhang) 

Jm 

^■Jj&diulian be disgraced, lose face 
lianpen n wash basin (K zhT) 
lianse n 1 complexion 

lianse cangbai pale complex- 
ion 

2 facial expression 
lian n chain 

lian trad 1$ v practice, drill 

lianxf I v exercise, train, drill II n 
exercise, drill 

)Hfc TRAD ^ v sme ^ ($ ee 

duanlian, ijl|^ xunlian.) 

lian trad M n infatuation, love 

lian'ai I v be in romantic love, be 
courting II n romantic love 
M^ittan lian'ai be in courtship, in love 
liang adj good 



ft 1 



lianghao adj good, fine, commend- 
able 

liangzhong n fine breed, improved 
variety 

V’q liang ADJ cool, chilly 
WN 

liangcai n cold dish, salad 



Stffe liangkuai adj pleasantly cool 
^ liang v measure, take measure- 
ments 



16 



liang 



trad Tm n grain 



f&'lt liangshi n grain, cereal, staple food 
fjJJ. liang trad n beam (in structure) 
- (See qiaoliang.) 

M l liang trad W m. wd (a 

traditional Chinese unit of weight 
equivalent to 50 grams) , ounce 
2 1 ia ng trad Hi num i two 

M^A liang ge ren two people 
liang ben shu two books 
2 (as an approximation) a couple of, a few 

note: Both W liang and H er may mean 
two, but are used differently. Z er must 
be used in mathematics or when saying 
the number 2 in isolation, e.g.: Z x 

ES-'-yT, er, san, si... 1, 2, 3, 4 ...; Zl 
Er jia san shi wu. 2 plus 3 is 
5. Use M liang when referring to “two 
something,” e.g.: liang zhang 

zhuozi two tables. 



liang adj bright 

25 

liangli adj spectacularly beautiful 
J-ps- liang trad 3R v forgive (See 
yuanliang.) 

liang v dry in the sun, dry in the air 

jjpjrj liang m. wd (for vehicles) 

— $8$^$ yf liang qiche a car 

liang liang zixmgche two 

bicycles 

B liang n quantity, capacity 

Jlajiuliang capacity for liquor, how 
much wine one can hold 

baozhi baoliang ensure both 
the quality and quantity (of products) 
liao v chat 



)PA liaotian v chat 



113 




DP AH liaotianshi 

iPAH liaotianshl n (Internet) chatroom 
liao n official (See T=rf^ guanliao) 

aV liao adj slovenly 

/]h 

liaocao adj (of handwriting) illeg- 
ible, done hastily and carelessly 
liaO TRAD M ADJ vast 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



il 



iZI! liaokuo adj vast, extensive 
r liao trad H? v treat, cure 



W 



liaoyang v recuperate, convalesce 
4r#P% liaoyangyuan sanitorium 
liao v finish, be done with 



T 



note: T liao, together with I# de or ^ 
bu, is often used after a verb as a comple- 
ment to mean can ... or cannot ... e.g.: & 
zhe 

jian shi wo gan de liao, na jian shi wo 
gan bu liao. I can do this job, but I can’t 
do that job. 

liaobuql adj wonderful, terrific 
T $? liaojie v know, understand, find out 
4^4 1 I iao n material (See 4144 cailiao, 
TT $$44 ranliao, ^44 ranliao, M44 suliao, 
tfc44 yinliao, 1^44 yuanliao, $t44 zTliao.) 

2 MaO v anticipate, expect 



44Wn#Uaoshirushen predict accu- 
rately as if one were a god 
lie m. wd (for trains) 



n 



— ^lj A$ yf lie huoche a train 
ts|I lie adj intense 
rm 

liehuo n raging flame 
lieshi n martyr (fi£ wei) 
lie v crack, splint 



TRAD H v hunt 

3b A lieren hunter 
4T3b dalie go hunting, hunt 



/u lie adj inferior, bad (quality) (See 
yj elie) 

Ifn n phosphorus (P) 



trad ftp n neighbor 



4|5 lln 

4PM linju n neighbor 
# i,n n forest, woods 

44^ Imchang n forestry center 
44fS Imqu n forest, forest land 
444k Irnye n forestry/timber industry 
v drench, pour 

if® linyu n shower (bath) 

'/5fcifr/£xT Irnyu take a shower 
li ,fn trad E™ v arrive 

l|nH4 llnshi adj tentative, provisional 
^3 Ifng trad fi I n fairy II adj agile, 
quick 

Ifnghun n soul, spirit 
linghuo adj flexible, agile 
>=[=► Ifng I num zero 

— U^Zlyibai Ifng er 102 

siqian Ifng wu 4,005 
II adj fractional, fragmentary 

NOTE: (1) No matter how many zeros 
there are between digits, only one ^ Ifng 
is used. For example, 4005 is P3 A^Sl 
siqian ling wu, not P34 1 ^^3 l siqian ling 
ling wu. (2) ^ ling can also be written as 
0,e.g E9A 051 siqian ling wu 4005 . 

lingjian n part, spare part 
Ifngqian n allowance, pocket money, 
small change 

Ifng TRAD iv N bell 

^.'rng as in 14 -fl linglong 

Imglong adj 1 (of things) exquisite 
2 (of people) clever and nimble 
ifc^v ling trad fit n age (See A# 

19*7 nianling.) 



114 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



11,19 



v approach 



Ifngchen n the time before dawn 
M* ITng n mountain range, ridge 

yfoC lTng trad 41 v lead, take 

ITngdao I v 1 lead, provide leadership 
2 have jurisdiction over II n leader, the 
person in charge 

note: ( 1) ITngdao as a verb is some- 
what pompous, appropriate only for grand 
occasions. (2) As a noun 4P!-# ITngdao is 
no longer very popular in China and has 
never been very popular in other Chinese- 
speaking communities. To refer to “the 
person in charge,” many Chinese use 
laoban (boss) or specific terms such as f "* 
]k changzhang (factory manager) or 
xiaozhang (headmaster, school principal, 
university president). 

4jft± ITngtu n territory 

iTngxiu N leader (fi wei) 

A,8ng v command, cause to (See Tut 
X % mingling.) 

ling adj Same as lingwai. Used 
/ before a monosyllabic verb, 
lingwai adj other, another 
jgt liu v 1 slide, glide 2 sneak off, slip 
ip} away 

liu v remain (in the same place), 
pq stay behind 

liuxue v study abroad 

liuxuesheng international stu- 
dents (especially in a university) 
tit&nu n tumor 

im 

I i U n pomegranate 



gshfliu pomegranate 
„ liu n sulfur 

i;il 

iliusuan sulfuric acid 
^ liu v flow 



fit 



long 

liudong v flow, move from place to 
place 

ML^tjAP liudong renkou floating popu- 
lation, migrant population 
TjftflJ I i u li adj fluent 

liumang n hooligan, gangster 
liuxfng v be fashionable, be popular 
liuxfng geshou pop singer 
tjffcfTs liuxfng ylnyue pop music 
liuxfngbing n epidemic 

liuxfngxing ganmao 
(liugan) n influenza, flu 
|J liu as in liulan 

$!]ji& liulan v browse 

liulanqi n (computer) browser 
N willow 

MW yang liu willow 

$P$tliushu willow, willow tree (f$ ke) 

-L^liu NUM six 
/\ ^ 

A+A liushf liu sixty-six, 66 
A~t~3£$ liushf wu sui sixty-five years 
of age 

long trad fl n dragon (^ tiao) 






m 



long trad ® adj deaf, hard of 
hearing 

longzi deaf person 
rUPfA longyaren n deaf and dumb 
person, deaf mute 
/i^r long trad SI n cage 

longzi cage 
niaolong bird cage 
long n pit, hole (See )§[!i kulong) 



long adj grand 

ptJC longzhong adj grand, ceremonious 
# ,6n9 trad n as in houlong 

T-Jr* long TRAD Hi ADJ as in 

ling long 

long trad H n ridge 



115 




longduan 



m 



longduan v monopolize 
ii long trad 3ft v hold together 



I OU trad #ni building with two or 
more stories (EE zuo) 2 floor (M ceng) 

#_tl6ushang upstairs 
louxia downstairs 

^C^dalou a big building (especially a 
high-rise building) 
jiff^gaolou high-rise 

note: In naming floors, the Chinese sys- 
tem is the same as the American system 
but different from the British one, i.e. — * 

1# yT-lou is the American first floor, and 
the British ground floor. 

loufang n multi-storied building 
(cf. pfngfang one- story building, 
bungalow) 

lout! n stairs, stairway, staircase 
lou trad HI v embrace, hold in 



L IOU v 1 leak 2 leave out by mistake 
I loudong n loophole, inconsist- 
ency (in argument) 

loushui I v evade tax II n tax evasion 
JJjg lOU adj ugly (See faffi jianlou) 

t III trad 'M n stove, furnace 






^-^luzi stove, furnace 

lu trad M n captive (See fulu) 

IlS adj rash (See H# culu) 
trad Wi N land 

lujGn n army 

Iuxl adv one after another, in suc- 
cession 

trad $8 v record 

j89Muqu v enroll (students), appoint (job 
applicants) 

MW- luxiang v record with a video camera 
or video recorder 
M'itM luxiangjl video recorder 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



luyTn v make a recording of sounds 
(e.g. music, reading) 

Iuy7nj7 audio/ sound recorder 
luyong v employ (staff) 
lu adj busy (See ft# manglu) 



lu n road (^ tiao) 

w 

malu road (in a city) 
lucheng N distance traveled, journey 
jf&ii luguo v pass, pass by, pass through 
lukou N intersection, crossing 
lumian n road surface 
lushang n 1 on one’s way (to) 2 on 
the road 

luxian n route, itinerary 
luzi n way and means of doing 
things 

you luzi very resourceful 
111 v show, reveal 

Bit , 

111 trad v bribe (See huilu) 









I U n deer 
lii n donkey 



ij^luzi donkey 
£pt lu n aluminum (Al) 

rP v 

/p lii n companion (See banlu) 

Ip » 

M m v travel 

luguan n hotel (BE zuo, jia) 
qiche luguan motel 
SM^ttwuxfng luguan five-star hotel 
luke N hotel guest, passenger (of 
coach, train, plane, etc.) 
lutu n journey, travels 
Mff luxmg v travel 
S^fT^iluxmgshe travel agency 
Wiffl luyou v travel for pleasure 
luyouche tour bus 
rJ luyou gongs7 travel company 
luyou luxian tour itinerary 
Iifc/Sllll luyoutuan tour group 



116 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



luyouye the tourism industry, 
tourism 

luyouzhe tourist, holiday-maker 
Jl mi n shoe II v carry out, fulfill 

HM lull n resume 

HtTT luxfng v fulfill (one’s promise), 
perform (one’s obligation) 

|aiii trad JH adv repeatedly 



luci adv repeatedly 

lu n rate (See 9&M xiaolu.) 



U trad If; adj green 

ludang the Green Party 
luhua v make green by planting 
trees, afforest 

I uka n green card (permanent 
residency permit in the U.S.A. and some 
other countries) 

^lu n law 

ItishT n lawyer 

lush! shiwusuo law firm 
: lu trad M v ponder (See 
> kaolu.) 

1 u trad ® v filter 
j|p luan Negg (a cell) 

Jfp-^luanzT egg 

Ilian trad IL adj 1 disorderly, 

I j chaotic 2 at will, random 
fiL^ luanma n crazy code, confusion 
code 

luan-qT-ba-zao idiom in an aw- 
ful mess, very messy 

lue v capture (See qTnlue.) 

m liiewei adj slight 
lue v plunder 

fj^j* liieduo v plunder, rob 

, lun trad tiw v brandish, swing 



ft 



luo 

lun trad fra I n wheel II v take turns 



lunchuan n steamship, ship 
lunkud N outline, contour 
lunliu v take turns 

lunliu zhiban be on duty by 

turns 

lunzi n wheel 

Tfe li,n TRAD Bra v discuss 

lundian im argument, point of contest 
ge) 

liang ge lundian put 
forward two arguments 

lunshu v explain (an argument), 
discuss 

lunwen N dissertation, thesis, essay 
(H pian) 

iMiE lunzheng v prove (an argument), 
demonstrate, discuss 
ntPJ luo as in luo suo 



luosuo adj long-winded, wordy, 
verbose 

jjjP luo n snail 

m luosi screw 

M&JJ luosidao screwdriver (|ti ba) 
WM&f luosTdlng screw (t§ 5> ke) 

1T° n mule 

li-?- luozi mule (^c tou) 

Iu6 n gong (ffi mian) 

lUO n bamboo basket 



ft' 



m luokuang n large bamboo or wicker 
basket (K zhi) 

Tpr luc trad IS n trailing plant 

JP 

W h luobo n turnip, radish, carrot (fH gen, 
ri' ge) 

h bai luobo turnip 
h hong luobo radish 
h hu luobo carrot 
lUC v petrol 



117 




iSS luoji 



It 



luoji n logic 

luo as in i$r2fe luotuo 

: luotuo n camel (Sk tou) 
• llid trad $£ n net 



luoyi bujue adv, adj in an end- 
less stream, endless 
1 lUO v fall, drop 






fjJc ludcheng v (of a building or engi- 
neering project) be completed 
iljjjij ludhou adj backward, outdated 
luoshi v (of a policy or idea) be 
implemented, be fulfilled 

luoxuan v lose an election, fail to 
be chosen 



M 



"fjjllj TRAD N ma ’ mom 

MM mama N mom, mommy 
v wipe, wipe off 

tt^-fma zhuozi wipe the table 
mabu n rag (1& kuai) 
n hemp 

madai sack (K zhi) 

II adj numb 

mabi I v benumb, lull II n paralysis 
/WL^^liExiaoer mabizheng infantile 
paralysis 

mafan I v bother II adj troublesome, 
complicated 

note: mafan nfn is a polite ex- 

pression to request somebody’s service or 
to ask a favor: Mafan 

nfn ba yan di gei wo. Please pass the 
salt [to me]. 

majiang n (the game) mahjong 
da majiang play mahjong 
Jjjpf'C mamii adj unable to feel anything, 
numb 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



jcfi maque n sparrow (K zhT) 

II? mazui I v anesthetize II n anesthesia 
mazuishl anesthetist, anesthesi- 
ologist 

jubu mazui localized anesthesia 
quanshen mazui general 

anesthesia 

ma trad J§ n horse (IZE pi) 



3 



Mik mada n motor 

mahu adj sloppy, careless 

note: ma-ma-hu-hu is a com- 

mon idiomatic expression meaning so-so, 
not too bad or just managing. For example: 

"Qunian ni kaoshi chengji zenmeyang?" 
"Ma-ma-hu-hu." “How did you do in the 
exams last year?” “So-so. ” 

Mj] mali n horse power 
Srft'll malmgshu n potato 

malu n street, avenue (|* tiao) 
Sr$&_hmalu shang in the street, on the 
road 

ii-^r ^ gud malu walk across a street 
Sr JL mashang idiom adv at once, im- 
mediately 

Sr$c maxi n circus performance chang) 
maxituan circus 
ma trad 51 v stack up 

matou n dock, wharf 
5^3^XAmatou gongren docker, long- 
shoreman 

trad ^1 as in mayi 

mayi ant (K zhi) 

RP ma trad JP§ v curse, swear 

: ma particle surely, that goes 
k without saying (used at the end of a 
sentence to indicate that the truth of the 
statement is obvious) 
rtj7 ma trad d J§ particle (used at the 
end of a sentence to turn it into a 
yes-or-no question) 



118 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



maobT 



ma vbury 



man adj slow 



WSC maimo v stifle (talent) 

maitou v devote wholeheartedly to, 
be engrossed in 

maitou kugan devote oneself 
to hard work without complaint and for a 
long time 

mai trad It v buy 






maimai n trade, business 
1^5^ zud maimai do business, be 
engaged in business 

“ mat trad 38 v step forward 



il' 



jft 



; mai trad HF n wheat (See /Jv 
r xiaomai.) 

► mai trad m v sell 

mai trad M n blood vessel 

\ maibo n pulse 
[ man as in manyuan 



manyuan v blame, complain 
man trad 0S v conceal truth from 

man as in mantou 

I 59 
YJZ. 

fjt^? mantou N steamed bun (K zhl) 
man TRAD it ADJ unrestrained 
'M and wild 

man bu jiangIT totally unrea- 
sonable and behaving atrociously 
$*+2 man trad i adj 1 full, full to 
1 the brim 2 satisfied II v reach the 
limit 

man'e adj reaching full quota 
many! adj satisfied, pleased 

dui...manyi be satisfied with 
manyue I v (of a newborn baby) be 
one month old 

i® manyue jiii dinner party in 
celebration of a baby’s first month 
II n full moon 

$|JlL manzu v meet the needs of, satisfy 



lUi^manxing adj 1 (of diseases) chronic 
manxlng ganyan chronic 

hepatitis 

2 Same as ‘I'Stt-p manxingzi 

manxingzi adj (of a person) slow 
or indolent 

*\EL man v overflow (See 'Ml langman) 

manchang adj long, endless 
man as in H|jE manyan 

JIM manyan v spread, extend 
mang adj busy 

NOTE: When friends meet in China, a 
common conversation opener is: 
it:®,? NT zuijin mang ma? Have you been 
busy lately? 

i t# mang I u adj busy 
'I't'I't## mang mang lulu very busy, 
always engaged in doing something 
mang ADJ boundless and indistinct 

ft 

j^jEmangmang boundless and blurred, 
vast 

mangran adj knowing nothing 
about, ignorant, in the dark 
T^man ADJ blind 

WM. mangcong v follow blindly 
WA mangren N blind person 
WA^fec mangren xuexiao school for 
the blind 

llf^t mang wen n braille 

n man (See ydfiK liumang) 

- mao trad I® n cat (K zhl) 



maotouying N owl (K zhT) 

^ 1 mao n hair 
yang mao wool 

&%£ maobT n traditional Chinese writing 
brush (j$C zhT, If guan) 



119 




maob'ing 

^•fpf maob'ing n 1 illness 2 trouble, 
breakdown 

^ rf] maojTn n towel tiao) 

maoyi n woolen sweater, woolen 
pullover (j^ jian) 

^ 2 mao 1 m. wd Same as jiao 
2 m wd. Used colloquially, 
mao long hair (See B^Jft shimao) 



% 



mao n spear, lance 



maodun I n contradiction, conflict 
II adj contradictory, inconsistent 

zixiang maodun self-contra- 
dictory, inconsistent 

note: #)f maodun is a colorful word 
derived from an ancient Chinese fable. A 
man who sold spears mao) and shields 
(!§■ dun) boasted that his spears were so 
sharp that they could penetrate any shield, 
and that his shields were so strong that no 
spear could ever penetrate them. As there 
seemed to be a contradiction there, 
maodun came to mean inconsistency or 
contradiction . 



mao n cogongrass 

maowu n thatched cottage (fa| jian) 
mao adj luxuriant 



H 

maom adj (of vegetation) luxuriant, 
thick, dense 

T&H maosheng adj (of vegetation) 
luxuriant, lush 

1=T mao v 1 emit, send forth, give off 
^ 2 risk 3 make false claims 
H)t!| maopai v counterfeit, forge 
WlPIjn maopaihuo (goods) counterfeit, 
fake, forgery 

maoxian v risk, take a risk 
||jg mao n hat, cap 

fir? 1 maozi n hat, cap (Tj/i ding) 
l^tl^dai maozi put on/wear a hat/cap 
I^fSlPtuo maozi take off a hat/cap 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Ijgr, mao trad If n trade 

Ja maoyi n trade, exchange 
Sa? Jcr^ 10 maoyi gongs! trading com- 
pany 

duiwai maoyi foreign trade 
IP^lguoji maoyi international trade 
mao n appearance (See %\j$t ITmao, 
mianmao.) 

a me TRAD H PARTICLE (used to folTn 
certain words) (See duome, 
name, ff£, shenme, weishenme, 

zenme, zenmeyang, 

zheme.) 

Jg mei n eyebrow 
meimao eyebrow 

m€ adj Same as meiyou, used 

X colloquially. 

meicuo adj quite right 
mei guanxi See guanxi. 

meishenme idiom nothing serious, 
it doesn’t matter 

meishuode adj above reproach, 
perfect 

mei y'isi See yisi. 
meiyong adj useless 
meiyou I v 1 do not have 2 there is/ 
are no II adv did not, have not (indicat- 
ing negation of past experiences, usually 
used before a verb or at the end of a 
question) 

hai meiyou not yet 

note: In spoken Chinese, meiyou is 
often shortened to VA mei, but it cannot be 
replaced by '/3£ mei if it is used at the end 
of a sentence. For example, you can say: 

NT quguo Zhongguo 

meiyou? but not NT quguo 

Zhongguo mei? 

Jgfp me m. wd (for small objects, such 
a coin) 

— rfi yimei yingbi a coin 
mei as in iEfcEfe meigui 



& 



l meigu n rose (^fe duo) 



120 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fi] men 



M^^it^liang duo meiguihua two 
roses 

— ‘3fc3&ii7£yT shu meiguihua a bouquet 
of roses 

mei n coal 

meikuang coal mine 
'^irnimeikuanggong coal miner, 
collier 

'Jp^C meiqi coal gas 
meitian coalfield 
4*-H* mei n 1 matchmaking 

Mt 

MA meiren matchmaker 
2 go-between, intermediary 
meijie n medium 
meitT n medium 

^C^M^dazhong meitT mass media 
^ m6i n plum tree 

meihua plum blossom 

note: meihua is unique to China, as 

you cannot find this flower in other parts 
of the world. Therefore, though conven- 
tionally translated as plum, it is actually 
not the same thing. 

mei n enzyme 
mei n mold, mildew 
fa mei go moldy 

mei I adv every, each II pron every, 
each 

NOTE: Usage in Chinese requires that 35 
mei is followed by f[5 dou all, without 
exception: ? NT meitian 

dou kan dianshi ma? Do you watch TV 
every day? 

1T1€ adj beautiful 

meide n virtue, moral excellence 
iiXJE meiguan adj pleasing to the eye 
HiH Meiguo n the U.S. A., America 
H#? meihao adj (of abstract things) fine, 
beautiful 



M! meili adj beautiful 
^|'$t mei man adj (of marriage, family, 
etc.) totally satisfactory, happy 

meimiao adj wonderful, splendid 
H3lr meirong I v make one’s skin and 
face more beautiful II n comestics 
H#!)ip meirongshT beautician 
H^l^meirongyuan beauty salon, 
beauty parlor 
H7ft meishu n fine arts 
itTjttjt meishuguan gallery, art museum 
meishujia artist 

Mlt Meiyuan n U.S. dollar, greenback 
114^/1. mei-zhong-bu-zu idiom a blem- 
ish in something otherwise perfect 
zfUM Meizhou n continent of America, 
America 

me trad ^ n magnesium (Mg) 



mei n younger sister 



mei mei younger sister 
flc m4i adj ignorant (See yumei) 

i'T - ! men trad adj stuffy, close 

mi 

n l men trad P 1 ! n door, gate (j£ 
dao) 

;fcf] damen gate 

HP menkou n doorway, by the door, by 
the gate 

HlfnR menshlbu n sales department 
n% menzhen n outpatient service 
\im menzhen bu outpatient depart- 
ment (of a hospital) 

n 2 men trad P^ m. wd (for school 
subjects, languages, etc.) 
i'T - ! men trad Pd ADJ in low spirits, 

1 J lonely, depressed 

men trad fl suffix (indicating 
J plural number) 

NOTE: As a plural number marker, ff] 
men is only used with nouns denoting 
people. It is not used when there are words 
indicating plurality, such as numbers or 
words like yixie, hen duo. 

In many cases, the plural number of 



121 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



W. meng 

a personal noun is implicit without the 
use of fl'j men. In the example sentence, 
men is not obligatory, i.e. 

o Xuesheng dou 

hen xThuan zhe wei xTn laoshT. All the 
students like this new teacher, is correct 
and idiomatic. 






m 



« 



meng v cover 

meng as in nmgmeng 

meng v sprout 



- mengya v sprout, bud, shoot forth 
’ meng n alliance 



jiemeng forge an alliance, form an 
alliance 

IS mengguo n ally (country) 
meng ADJ fierce, violent 



meng lie adj fierce, furious 
meng trad W I n dream 

3? 

zuomeng have a dream 
II v dream, have a dream 

mengxiang v dream of, have a pipe 
dream 

v narrow one’s eyes 

mi v be lost, be deluded 

mfhu adj 1 (of vision) blurred 2 
muddle-headed 

MWt mi'huo v 1 puzzle, be puzzled 2 
delude, be deluded 

mi'shT v lose one’s bearings 
££^7 T[h] mi'shT fangxiang lose one’s 
bearings 

sMa mi'xin n superstition 
m I trad 18 n riddle 

iii# mfyu n riddle 

^fillin' (ffM)cai mfyu (cai mf) guess a 
riddle 



HA* mf trad 381 adj full, overflowing 

vb 

mfbu v make up, remedy 
mfman adj fill (the air) 

^ 1 mf m. wd meter (colloquial) 

— 7^ yi ml one meter 

san mT ban three and half meters 



NOTE: The formal word for meter is M 
gongchi. 

2 m n rice, paddy rice (f! li) 

mlfan n cooked rice (^a wan) 

note: The staple food for southern Chinese 
(Chinese living south of the Yangtze River) 
is mifan, while northern Chinese 
mainly eat ®1§C mianshi (food made of 
wheat flour), such as L miantiaor 
(noodles), mantou (steamed buns). 



7ftjH rnijiu n rice wine 
mi adj secret 



w 



mimi I n secret II adj secret, confi- 
dential 

mwm ml mi jlngcha secret police 
mimi wenjian classified 

document 

mi shu n secretary 

siren mishu private secretary 
mi v secrete (See fenmi) 



pr mi adj close, dense 
XLJ 

midu n density, thickness 
mifeng v seal, seal up 
miqie adj close, intimate 
mi n honey 



Hi&l mifeng n bee (K zhi) 
mian n cotton 



mianhua n cotton 
mianyl n cotton-padded jacket (# 
jian) 

^^C^cmiandayT cotton-padded overcoat 



122 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



mian trad jffl n silk floss 



mianyang sheep (K zhT) 
mian v sleep (See SIR shuimian) 

mian v avoid, do without 



% 



y&m mianchu v be free from, be exempt 
from 

miande conj so as not to, lest 
mianfei adj free of charge, free 

M mian v 1 strive 2 encourage, exhort 
3 force 

fy&W] mianli v encourage, urge 

mianqiang I adv grudgingly, barely 
II v force to do 

|gj 1 mian n 1 face 2 (maths) surface 

M^t miandui v be faced with 
BPt — miandui yf ge fuza 
de wentf be faced with a complicated 
problem 

MM mianbu n (social networking tool) 
Facebook 

mianjl n (mathematics) area 
M?L miankong n (human) face, facial 
features 

Mllra mianlfn v be faced with, be up 
against 

MlKSSfWSkiKrnidnlfn xTn de tiaozhan 
be up against a new challenge 
Wtfa mianmao n appearance, state (of 
things) 

MUrWi] mianmian judao idiom cover 
every aspect (of a matter) 

MS mianmu n appearance, look 
MHU mianqian N in the face of, in front 
of, before 

M^ mianrong n facial features 
M"? mianzi n face, honor 
^M'f'ai mianzi be keen on face-saving 
^•M'f'diu mianzi lose face (=3j-JJ& 
diulian) 

liu mianzi save face 

(for somebody) 

M 2 mian trad Sni (MjSUL mian- 

tiaor) noodle 



mmbing 

^‘'MMfangbian mian instant noodles 
2 wheat flour 

HUM huomian knead dough 
M& mianbao n bread (>f pian, K zhT, 
tiao) 

— JtM'Syipian mianbao a slice of 
bread 

M^l^ mianbaoche n minibus, van (#§ 
liang) 

M'©^ mianbao fang bakery 
MHfr mianfen n flour 
M&JL miantiaor n noodles (#r wan) 

3 mian m. wd (for flat objects) 

— ‘Mfir ? 1 yf mian jingzi a mirror 
liang mian qizi two flags 
-H-* miao n seedling 

m 

-•H- miao v trace, copy 






miaohui v depict, describe 
$£*£ miaoshu v describe, give an account 
of 

miaoxie v describe (in writing) 

, miao m. wd (of time) second 



miao adj distant and indistinct 

miaoxiao adj tiny, insignificant 
miao adj wonderful, ingenious 

^j^bumiao not good, unpromising 

miao bukeyan idiom so wonder- 
ful as to beg description 

miao trad Hi n temple (^ zuo) 



j ® 1 



mie trad m v extinguish, put out, 
go out 

miehuoqi n fire extinguisher 
Xt miewang v exterminate, be extermi- 
nated, become extinct 
Tfe" mie v disdain, smear 






mieshi v look upon with contempt 
m I n n 1 people 2 civilian 



mmbing n militia 



123 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Rftl mm hang 

pcM mfnhang n civil aviation 

mrnjian adj 1 among common folks 
mrnjian gushi folk tale 
2 people-to-people 

mrnjian wanglai people-to- 
people exchange 

mmsheng n the people’s (economic) 
life, economy 

mfnshi adj (of law) civil 

mfnshi anjian civil case 
mfnyi n the will of the masses 
mfnyi diaocha opinion poll 
mfnydng adj for civilian use 
f&k mfnzhdng n the masses of the 
people 

Pci mfnzhu I n democracy II adj 
democratic 

mfnzu n ethnic group, nationality 
ge) 

i^CK^shaoshu mfnzu minority 
ethnic group 

^P^iftdud mfnzu wenhua multi- 
culturalism 

faff mm adj quick, agile 



SjtfS mrngan adj sensitive 
WMl mmjie adj agile, nimble 

mTnrui adj alert, sharp-witted 
fct 1 mmg n 1 name 2 (personal) 
given name 3 reputation 
£B45 churning become famous 
IU45 guomfng name of a country 
hp 2 mmg m. wd (used for people, 
esp. those with a specific position or 
occupation) 

— 45 A yi mfng junren a soldier 
Hang mfng xuesheng two 

students 

45lft mmgcheng n (non-personal) name 
4*i?Ilft45$FgbngsT de mfngcheng com- 
pany name 

45 mfngdan n name list, roll (3k zhang, 
{& fen) 

xuesheng mfngdan class roll 
45tPl mfng'e n the number of people 
assigned or allowed for a particular 
purpose, quota of people 



A^t§5fc.45lti daxue zhaosheng mfng'e 
university enrolment quota 
45I!JX;P« mfngfuqfshf idiom be worthy of 
the name 

mfngfuqfshf de hao 
laoshl a good teacher in every sense of 
the word 

45 xlf mfnggui adj precious, of great value 
45 W mfngpai n famous brand, branded 
name 

45A mfngren n famous person, well- 
known personality 
45^ mfngsheng n reputation 

fHlft45^ pohuai womende 
mfngsheng smear our reputation 
45)14 mfngsheng n famous scenic spot 
%\$L mfngyi n name, capacity 

wo geren de mfngyi 

in my own name 

W^JJCyT zongjTnglY 

daibiao de mfngyi in the capacity of the 
representative of the CEO 
45 if rnfngyu N reputation, honor 
45ift^i rnfngyu boshi honorary doc- 
torate 

1^JC45 ; if huTfu rnfngyu restore one’s 
honor 

45^ mfngzi n name, given name 

note: To be exact, 45^ mfngzi only 
means given name , but informally 4a^ 
mfngzi may also mean full name (family 
name + given name). The formal word for 
full name is $445 xingmfng. See $4 xing. 



m 



mmg adj bright 



mfngbai I adj clear, obvious II v 
understand, see the point 

mfngliang adj bright, well-lit 
0^0^ mfngmfng adv clearly, obviously, as 
clear as day 

0^^ mfngnian n next year 



note: mfngnian is next year relative 

only to this year jTnnian. For the 
year after another year, we use jjlZjSp 
di-er nian or xia yi nian. For 



124 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



example: H— XXT 

-^''KJLrf’o Tamen zai er-lfng-lmg-ql nian 
jiehun, di-er nian shengle yi ge erzi. 

They married in 2007 and had a son the 
following year. It would be wrong to use Hfl 
^ mingnian in this example. 

mmgque I adj definite and explicit 
II v make definite and explicit 
mmgtian n tomorrow 
0JM mfngxian adj obvious, apparent, 
evident 

HJj'fitJT* mmgxinpian n postcard (§& zhang) 
mmgxTng n movie star, star 
LtTyu mmgxTng sports star 
mmg trad n iS v (of bird) chirp, 
crow 

ermmg ringing in the ears 
mmg n 1 life 2 fate, destiny 
Pp 

np^ mingling N, v order 
np^q mingmmg v give a name to, name 
npjlll mingtf v set a question for an 
examination, assign a subject or topic 
for writing 

npis mingyun N fate, destiny 
mill adj mistaken, absurd 

miulun n fallacy, spurious argument 
ilijl miuwu n mistake, error 
ITIC vl touch 2 grope 

mosuo v grope, search for, 

explore 

me I n model, copy II v imitate 

WIWL(fi3® moter (mote) N (fashion) 
model 

mofan n good example, model 
mofang v imitate, ape, be a copycat 
moxrng n copy, model 
mo n membrane 



suliao bomo plastic film 
isfe mo v 1 grind 

JH JJ modao sharpen a knife 
2 rub, wear 3 waste time 



mdsheng 

IIHtfH] moshfjian stall, kill time 
^'^Xmoyanggong idiom loaf during 
working hours, stage a slow-down 
me n mushroom 

m 

MISrnogu mushroom 
Jf m6 v rub, scrape 

moca I v rub II n friction, clash 

tongshi fasheng 

moca generate friction among col- 
leagues 

motuoche N motorcycle (ffi liang) 
mo I n demon, monster II adj 
/ ii i magic 

mogul n monster, demon (^ ge) 
j|7|t moshu n magic 
JfbfclJiP moshu shT magician 
^M^bian moshu do magic (as enter- 
tainment) 

4*4- mo v 1 apply by smearing 2 strike 
out, erase 

mosha v totally ignore (one’s merit, 
achievement, etc.) 

-±£*- mo v don’t 

morning qfmiao idiom be utterly 

baffled 

Mr mo n desert (See shamd.) 

M 

fcfc? mo adj silent, desolate (See M 
% jimo) 

* mo n end (See zhoumo) 

» md n foam, froth 

pijiumo beer froth 
IB-^ri^feizaomo soap suds, lather 
Ep ITIC n ink 

||7jC mdshuT n ink 

jgj^ me adj silent 

mdmd adv quietly, silently 
n path 

mdsheng adj unfamiliar 



125 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



PS^Amoshengren stranger 
'■g* mou trad t§: v plot, plan 

TtK 

i^ilF mou ha i v plot to murder 

mouqiu v seek, be in quest of 
ilAJtA#/!*] mouqiu zuida lirun seek 
the maximum profits 
-fc|~ mOU pron certain (used to denote 
an indefinite person or thing, usually 
in writing) 

t^A mouren n certain person, certain 
people, somebody 

moushi N certain thing or event, 
something 

mouxie pron some, certain ones 
-kHr mu n mould, matrix 



muyang I n appearance, look II adv 
approximately, about 
ITT, mu I adj 1 maternal, of a mother 
2 female (of certain animals) II n 
mother 

#5!^ muqin N mother 

Muqinjie Mother’s Day 
muxing n maternal instinct 
muyu n mother tongue 
■frrn mu n woman tutor (See 
, 1 baomu) 

mu n thumb 

muzhT thumb 

mu trad m. wd (a traditional 
r r ! Chinese unit of area, especially in 
farming: 1 mu is equivalent to Vis hec- 
tare, about 667 square meters) 

Alifftil (E9) shf mu di (tian) 10 mu of 

ground (paddy fields/farmland) 

mil n 1 Same as mutou 2 tree 



A 



Afcf mucai n timber, wood 
AE mujiang n carpenter 
A^t mutou n wood, timber 
mil n eye 



I 



@ mudi n aim, purpose 
@ Hr mudu v see with one’s own eyes, 
witness 

@7^ muguang n sight, vision 
@7fc©Amuguang yuanda farseeing, 
farsighted and ambitious 
mu lu n catalog 

A^nS^chanpin mulu product catalog 
®A@^tushu mulu library catalog 
muqian N at present 
@ 4 *^nA muzhong wuren idiom believe 
no one is better than oneself; overween- 
ing, conceited and arrogant 

mu I n dusk, evening twilight 
II adj late 

HA munian old age 

mu v admire (See xianmu) 

miiming v be attacted by somebody’s 
reputation 

H^MAmummg erlai come out of 

admiration 

jyr mu n tomb 



gong mu cemetery 
Hf-fi mudi n graveyard 
•j^f mil n curtain, screen 

itfHxiemu answer a curtain call 
mu adj solemn 



Muslim n Muslim 

v herd (cattle, horses, etc.) 

muyang herd sheep 
II n animal husbandry 

muchang n grazing land, pastureland 
murnin n herdsmen 
miiquN pastoral area 
$0lk muye n animal husbandry 

mil adj peaceful, harmonious 

mulm n good neighborhood 



shuangmu shim mg having 
lost sight in both eyes, be blind 
mubiao n target, objective, goal 



126 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



naiyong 



N 



na I v hold, carry in hand II prep 
' • regarding, as to 

na.Jaishuo v take ... for 
example 

nashou adj very good at, adept at 
nashou haoxi something that 
one is adept at, one’s favorite game 
na zhuyi v make a decision 
na zou v take away, remove 
rtB|T na pron 1 which 2 whatever, 
yJ P whichever 
!$PM nail adv where 

note: 0PM0PJI. nali nali is an idiomatic 
expression used as a modest reply to a 
compliment, e.g.: 

“®PM0PMo” "NT HanzT xie de zhen 
piaoliang." "Nali, nali." “You write beautiful 
Chinese characters. ” “Thank you. ” 

UPfS napa conj even if, even though 

note: W‘i£l napa introduces an exaggerat- 
ed, rather unlikely situation to emphasize 
the statement of a sentence. 

0P JL nar adv Same as 0PM nali. Used col- 
loquially. 

$$41 naxie pron the plural form of ®P na 
W k ' pron that II Same as name 

f P-f* nage pron that one 
fPJt nali adv there, over there 
notes: (1) UPM nali is used after a 
personal noun or pronoun to make it a 
place word, as a personal noun or pronoun 
cannot be used immediately after a preposi- 
tion, e.g.: 

Wo cong Zhang xiaojie tTngdao zhege 
xiaoxi. is incorrect. UPM nali must be added 
after Zhang xiaojie (Miss Zhang): 

Wo cong 

Zhang xiaojie nali tTngdao zhege xiaoxi. 

I learned the news from Miss Zhang. In this 
case U£/M@JPM Zhang xiaojie nali be- 
comes a place word which can occur after 



the preposition hk cong. (2) Colloquially, 
UPJ L nar may replace UPM nali. 

MA name I adv like that II conj in that 
case, then 

note: Although UP-£, name as a conjunc- 
tion is glossed as in that case, then , 

Chinese speakers tend to use it much more 
than English speakers use “in that case” or 
“then.” In colloquial Chinese UP-£, name 
is often shortened to UP na, e.g.: 'ffcT'lr 
UPB^ffi'S.PEo NT bu xThuan chT 
mTfan, na chT mianbao ba. You don’t like 
rice; in that case eat bread. 

fPJL nar pron Same as UPM nali, used 
colloquially. 
fPU£ naxie pron those 
IP# nayang adv Same as MA name I adv 
na v pay, offer 

namenr v be wondering (why, 
what, who, how, etc.), be perplexed 
nashui v pay taxes 
tytffoA nashuTren tax-payer 
n milk 

naifen n milk powder 
Wft nainai n paternal grandmother, 
granny 

NOTE: The formal word for paternal grand- 
mother is IE# zumu and that for maternal 
grandmother is waizumu. While 

nainai is the colloquialism for fh# 
zumu, that for waizumu is pfeife 

laolao, or waipo. 

naiyou n cream 
nai v able to endure 



ir 

If® naifan adj patient 



note: If® naifan is only used in its nega- 
tive form, T'W® bu naifan. 

nail! n endurance, staying power 
» \j naixin I adj patient II n patience 

IfEj naiyong adj durable 



127 




J? nan 

nan ADJ (of humans) male 

M^'Fnan haizi boy 
J^jfd^nan qlngnian young man 
^Ananren man, men 

nansheng n male student/pupil 
^'14 nanxing n the male gender, male 
#§-?* nanzT n male adult 
AJI^iAdananzIzhuyi male chau- 
vinisim 

nanzihan n 1 man, men 2 hero 
T+t nan n south, southern 

nanbian n south side, to the south, 
in the south 

nanbu n southern region (of a 
country) 

itOTf nanfang n the southern part, the 
south of a country 
^AAnanfangren southerner 
Ml nanmian n Same as nanbian 
m™ n TRAD II ADJ difficult 

nanchan n difficult childbirth, dif- 
ficult labor 

XfliE nandao adv (used at the beginning 
of a sentence or before a verb to make it 
a rhetorical question) 

nande adj hard to come by, rare 
nandu n degree of difficulty 
nanguai adv no wonder 
nanguan n critical moment, crisis 
Sii^5cdugu6 nanguan go through a 
crisis 

jlf-ii nanguo adj sad, grieved 

note: nanguo is usually used as a 

predicate, and seldom as an attribute. 

$£$§• nankan adj embarrassed, embar- 
rassing 

nankan de jumian embar- 
rassing situation, awkward plight 
$£# nankan adj ugly 

nanmian adj hardly avoidable 
nanshou adj 1 feeling ill, uncom- 
fortable 2 feeling sorry, feeling bad/sad 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



4UM nanti n difficult issue, insoluble 
problem 

4£l 'X nanyi adv difficult to 
4£l^Jl$?nany! iTj difficult to under- 
stand, incomprehensible 

trad ft n disaster, adversity 

illX^taonan flee from war or natural 
disaster 

nanrnrn n refugee 
X'tPsUr nanmfnymg refugee camp 
j=j|p nanc n bag, pocket 



m 



nao v scratch 



naoyangyang scratch at an itch 
jjgj nao trad SIj n brain 

M^hf4nao waike brain surgery 
M$l naodai n Same as Sk tou. Used only 
colloquially and in a derogatory sense. 
MM naojln n brains, mental capacity 
zijMM dong naojln rack one’s brains 
MA naoli N brain power 
MA3^ naoli laodong mental work 
M"P naozi n brain, mind 
*frM : F'ddng naozi use brains 
IcV nao adj irritated, vexed (See ‘MM 
I fannao) 

MA naohuo adj annoyed, angry 

30 trad H v make trouble, cause 
a disturbance 

IfUJPjfrt, nao pfqi v throw a tantrum 
|i|iy nao shi v make trouble, provoke a 
disturbance 

nao xiaohua v make a fool of 
oneself, cut a ridiculous figure 
ftp ne particle 1 (used at the end of 
i a question to soften the tone of an 
enquiry) 2 How about ...? Where is 
(are) ...? 

qOft nei Same as i|5 na. Used colloqui- 

13 . Party. 

nei n inside, within 



i *! 1 



ftitP neibu n interior, inside 
ft® Jffl 1 neibu zlliao document for 



128 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



internal circulation (e.g. within a govern- 
ment department) 

neidi n the interior part (of a coun- 
try), inland 

neige n (government) cabinet 
f*lfT neihang n expert, professional 
I*!# neike n department of internal medi- 
cine (in a hospital) 
f^lil neimu n inside story 
$1^ neirong n content, substance 
ffyh neixTn n one’s heart of hearts, one’s 
inner world 

neizai adj inherent, intrinsic 
$JI& neizang n internal organs 
f^li^ neizhan n civil war 

neizheng n internal affairs, domestic 
affairs 

7^f*fii£ganshe neizheng interfere in 
the internal affairs (of another country) 

. flGn adj young and tender, tender 



m 



III trad m. v draw up, draft 



neng I modal v can, be able to 
II n energy 

note: See note on ^ hui modal verb. 

fb'T' nenggan adj (of people) able, 
capable, efficient 

f bit#!! nenggeshanwu idiom be good 
at singing and dancing 

nenggou modal v Same as fb neng 
modal v 

fb^J nengli n ability 
tbit nengliang n energy, capabilities 
fb^- nengshou n expert, dab hand 
fbiH nengyuan n energy resources 
nm n 9 interj (used after a question to 
reinforce questioning) 
nf n Buddhist nun 



M' 



Ml® nfan Buddhist nunnery 
MM mgu Buddhist nun 

MM nflong n nylon 
m ni n mud 

‘/jS'/T nming adj muddy, miry 
Mi nftu n soil, earth, clay 



WSl nTding v draw up, work out 
MiTtfi’J nTding jihua draw up a plan 
# nT pron you (singular) 

jMl mmen pron you (plural) 

MW! NTmen hao! Hello! 

H 1 adj contrary, counter 

nil id n adverse current (of water) 
nian n year (no measure word 
required) 

T^jlnnian this year 
Bf^mmgnian next year 
i^qunian last year 

NOTE: No measure word is used with ^ 
nian, e.g. yi nian (one year), 
liang nian (two years). 

niandai N a decade of a century 
niandu I n year 

M^^^caiwu niandu fiscal year 
II adj annual 

niandu baobiao annual report 
nianjf n grade (in school) 
nianji n age 

note: ? Nin duoda nianji le? 

is an appropriate way to ask the age of an 
elderly person. To ask a young child his/ 
her age, the question should be: ifc) L# 

T? NT ji sui le? For people who are neither 
children nor elderly, the question to use is: 

Ni duo da suishu? 

nianlmg n age (of a person or other 
living things) 

nianqlng adj young 

^$£Anianq7ngren young person, youth 
nian trad W v drive away, oust 

4?/v nian v twist with the fingers 

4 - 2 ' 

nian I v 1 read, read aloud 2 study 
(in a school) II n idea, thought 

note: See note on i|£ du. 



129 




niantou 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



niantou n idea, thought 
niang n 1 mom, ma (used in the 
northern dialect) 2 girl (See tfcM. 
guniang.) 

jjjjib niang TRAD Is v brew, make 
Fh I (wine) 

HJH niangjiu make wine 

niao trad H n bird (R zhT) 



4 



mao n urine 



mWcsamao piss, pee, go pee 

note: ItiiDR saniao is a vulgar or childish 
word for urinate. The formal word for 
urinate is /MK xiaopian. 

nie: v 1 mold, knead 2 make up, 

- 3E fabricate 

Mia niezao v fabricate, make up 
^nm pron you (honorific) 



note: nin is the honorific form of rif. 

Use 1&. m'n when respect or deference is 
called for. Normally, ^ nfn does not have 
a plural form. f&jn nfnmen is absolutely 
unacceptable in spoken Chinese, and only 
marginally so in written Chinese. To ad- 
dress more than one person politely, you 
can say nfn Hang wei (two peo- 
ple), nfn san wei (three people), or 

j&JliiiL nfn ji wei (several people). 



nfng v curdle, coagulate 

m 

§§£ n nfngjie v (of gas or hot air) condense 
(MM nfngshi v look at steadily and for a 
long time, gaze fixedly, stare 

nfng TRAD adj peaceful, tranquil 

Mff*' nfngjing adj tranquil and peaceful, 
serene 

► nfng trad IP as in MU nfngmeng 



lf‘ 



MIH nfngmeng N lemon (K zhT) 

; nfng TRAD IP v wring, twist 






nfng maojin wring a towel 
^nmg trad fP v screw, wrench 

M W& ning luosl turn a screw (to 
tighten or loosen it) 

^ nlng trad W as in '/Mfr nfning 



T 



ning trad ^ modal v would rather 



M^E^J3 ning si bu qu would rather die 
than succumb 

M rT ningke modal v Same as MM ningken 
MM ningken modal v would rather 



NOTE: As is shown in the example 
sentence, MM ningken is often used 
alongside with -dl ye: MiMM^^fe , til'f' 
Ta ningken zouqu, ye bu da 
fade che. She would rather walk there than 
go in his car. 



MM ningyuan modal v Same as MM 
ningken 

/-j-* niu V OX, COW (^C tou) 



niunai cow’s milk, milk 
niurou beef 
■^Mgbng niu bull 
jitM huangniu ox 
nainiu cow 

tKM shuiniu water buffalo 
/pMxiao niu calf 



note: In the Chinese context, the ox ( Jlf 
M huangniu) and the water buffalo (zKM 
shuiniu) are more important than the milk 
cow ($5M nainiu). 



n 



niu v turn (one’s head, back, etc.) 



niuzhuan v turn around, reverse 
AtJ niu trad M n knob, button 



M-ftl niukou n button (M ke, M ge) 
nong TRAD M n farming 






nongchanpin N farm produce 
nongchang n farm 
^c^inongchangzhu farmer 



130 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



nongcun n farming area, rural area, 
countryside 

feP nonghu n rural household 
nongju n farm implements 
^TffM nongmao shichang n farm 
produce market 

nongmrn n peasant, farmer 
^0 nongtian n farm land 
$c|£j nongyao N agricultural chemical, 
pesticide 

$cik nongye n agriculture 

nongzuowu n agricultural crop 
non 9 TRAD Wk adj (of gas/liquid) 

> thick, dense, concentrated 
nonghou adj 1 (of smoke, cloud, 
etc.) thick 2 (of atmosphere, interest, 
etc.) strong, heavy 

nong v 1 do, manage, get ... done 
2 fool with 

t nongxu zudjia idiom use decep- 
tion, practice fraud 
n slave 

nuli n slave 
nuyi v enslave 
^.nu v work hard 

nuli adj making great efforts 
'bfit ^ LI adj angry, outraged 

nuhou n angry roar 
ISA nuhuo N fury 

nu adj (of humans) female 

ici^-?-nu haizi girl 
^cW^nu qlngnian young woman 
nusheng female student 
AJL nu'er n daughter (-'h ge) 
icA nuren n woman, adult woman 
Ai nushi n (respectful form of address 
or reference to a woman) Madam, Ms, 
lady 

iK-f' nuzi n female adult 
nuan ADJ warm 



HfU nuanhuo adj pleasantly warm 
ijH nuanpmg n thermos bottle (K zhT) 



pashou 



nuanqi n central heating 
l&YMs nuanshuTpmg n Same as WcM 
nuanpmg 

nuo v move, shift 



flP/H nuoyong v divert (funds) 
ITO^iftnuoyong gongkuan misap- 
propriate public funds 



interj (used to indicate under- 
standing or a promise) 
w interj (used to indicate doubt) 

OU trad n Europe 

Ouyuan n Euro 
Ouzhou N Europe 

Ejt 6u trad Wt v beat up (people) 

ouda v beat up (people) 

Pg 6u TRAD DU v vomit 

BEBi outu v vomit, be sick 
1 OU adv 1 occasionally 



ou'er occasionally, once in a while 
2 accidentally 

{pl^ouran accidentally, by chance 
2 OU n even number 



HlpCdushu even number 



i?A pa v lie on one’s stomach 

J]^ p a v crawl, climb 

paxi'ng v crawl, creep 

paxrng dongwu reptile 
v rake up 

pashou N pickpocket 



131 




ffi pa 

pa I v fear, be afraid II adv Same as 

1 1=1 m 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 






‘\U kongpa, but with less force, 
pai v pat, clap 



'/jfclPIxTpai shuffle cards 

2 pai n brand name, brand 



pai map! v flatter sickeningly, lick 
the boots of 

paimai v auction, sell at a reduced 
price 

paishe v take a photo, shoot (a 
movie) 

paishou v clap, applaud 
paizhao v take photos, have one’s 
photo taken 

paizi n 1 bat, racket 

^^J$ffi‘?pTngpangqiu paizi table ten- 
nis racket 

^%f$ffi"?yumaoqiupai zi tennis racket 
2 measurement of musical time, beat, 
time 

frtfi-pdapaizi beat time 
44 h pai I v 1 arrange in a definite order 
2 reject, expel II n 1 row, rank 
2 (army) platoon 

paizhang platoon leader 
III m. wd (for things arranged in a row) 
— yi pai ylzi a row of chairs 
paichi v expel, reject 
paichu v rule out, eliminate 

paichu zhe zhong 
kenengxing rule out this possibility 

paichu zhang'ai surmount an 

obstacle 

paidui v form a line, line up, queue up 
paijT v elbow out, push aside, 
squeeze out 

pailie v arrange, put in order 

an zimu shunxu pailie 
arrange in alphabetical order 
paiqiu n volleyball (K zhl) 

# pai v as in fflM paihuai 

^^0 paihuai v pace up and down, move 
hesitantly 

n playing cards (^ zhang, 

i S'Jfu) 

^Tli^dapa play cards 
fa pai deal cards 



mrngpai famous brand, branded 
name 

p-f 1 paizi n 1 signboard (#£ kuai) 2 brand, 
brand name 

v 1 dispatch 2 assign (a job) 

2 pai n faction, school (of thought) 

^^'Mbaoshoupai the conservative 
faction, conservatives 

paibie n faction, group, school (of 
thought) 

MlB#? paichusuo n police station 
paidui n (social) party 

note: paidui is a transliteration of 

( social ) party , used among urban fashion- 
able people. juhui is a more formal 
word. 

MiS paiqian v send, dispatch (troops, 
formal delegate, etc.) 
pan v climb 

spll pandeng v climb, scale 
j^t pan trad n dish, plate 

TTTt. 

panzi plate, dish, tray (K zhT) 
panxuan v (of a bird or airplane) 
spiral, circle 

4/fil pan v judge, distinguish 



m panchu v (in a law court) sentence 
panchu wuqT tuxfng 
sentenced to life imprisonment 
'm panding v decide, come to a conclu- 
sion 

^(J0f panduan I v judge, decide II n judg- 
ment, verdict 

panjue n court decision, judgment 
v expect, hope for 

SftM panwang v look forward to, long for 
mik pan n (river, lake, etc.) side, bank 



132 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



1m. pen 



pan v betray, revolt 

panbian v turn traitor, become a 
turncoat 

pantu n traitor, turncoat 
pang n side 

pangbian n side 

^r^Jftpangguan v look on, observe 
m p ™ 9 TRAD Ml ADJ huge 

pangda adj huge, enormous 
; pang ADJ fat, plump 



$=£-?■ pangz n fat person, “fatty” 
fT § ° v throw, hurl 

WM paoqi v abandon, forsake 
&lj pa0 v dig, unearth, excavate 

w ao n gown, robe 

ifi-^-paozi gown, robe 
^ pao v run 

paobu v jog 

paodao n runway, track (in a sports 
ground) 

^ pao n cannon, gun (H men, ^ zuo) 

paoblng n artillery man 
paodan n artillery shell fa, M ke) 
‘MiK paohuo N artillery fire 
pao I n 1 bubble 

IB-^l^feizaopao soap bubble 
2 blister II v soak, steep 
paomo n foam, froth 
mmU paomo suliao n styrofoam 
pc v accompany 

R 

PnfnJ peitong v accompany 
p v cultivate 

^R 

fnijll peixun I n training 
tnilllili peixunban training class, train- 
ing course 



in ijl|£ peixun sheng trainee 
II v train 

peixun xTn zhigong train 

new staff 

inlf peiyang v 1 train, develop 2 culti- 
vate, breed 

in W peiyu v bring up, nurture and educate 
inWT — It peiyu xia yi'dai bring up the 
next generation, bring up one’s children 
[jl-fc pei trad Ip v compensate, pay for 
ysR (damage, loss, etc.) 

IIHzf peichang v compensate 
Intfc peikuan n reparation, indemnity 
#l pei v 1 wear 2 admire 

49J& peifu v admire 

note: You can utter {HUM Peifu or Iflill! ft 
M! Peifu! Peifu! to express great admira- 
tion for a feat or a remarkable achieve- 
ment, e.g.: ftfllx! 

ft!!*!” "NT wu men gongke dou shi yibai 
fen? Peifu! Peifu!" “You got full marks for 
all the five subjects? Wow!” 

pei v 1 match, blend 2 be worthy 
ru of, deserve 

lE#_tpei de shang be worthy of, good 
enough to be 

iB^-tpei bushang not good enough to 
be, unworthy of 

IE#- peibei v allocate, provide with, be 
equipped with 

IE7f peifang n medical prescription, 
formula 

IB'p* pei he v cooperate, coordinate 
IBfPg pei'ou n spouse 
WM peitao v make up a complete set 
pei adj abundant (See 
i ; H chong pei) 

p^pen trad ® v sprinkle, spray 

Wtlt penshe v spurt, spray 
l$t7]Cyt!i penshulchf N fountain 
pen n basin, pot ('b ge) 



huapen flower pot 
tjfcJj&^xTIianpen washbasin 



133 




j&M pendl 

ImMl pendl n (in geography) basin 
peng v boil, cook 

pengren n cuisine, cooking 
pengtiao v cook 

pengtiao jishu cooking skill 
4*f£^|)fZh6nghua pengtiao Chinese 
cuisine 

jr eng n companion, friend 
pengyou n friend 

?MB- -3cffl®gen/he...jiao pengyou 
make friends with ... 

MlJ^nanpengyou boyfriend 
^CjJB^fnupengyou girlfriend 
peng n shed 

Hl^-pengzi shed 

peng v expand, inflate 

pengzhang v expand, dilate 

tonghuo pengzhang inflation 
-te peng v I hold in both hands (with 
j-f-' care, pride, etc.) 2 sing somebody’s 
praise (especially insincerely), flatter 
*t pfeng v bump into, touch 

pengdao meet unexpectedly, run 

into 

531^1 "F peng dlngzi idiom meet with a 
sharp rebuff, be given the cold shoulder 
m. wd (for a batch of goods, 
and for things/people arriving at the 
same time) 

— yi pi xTn shu a batch of new 
books (published at about the same time) 
liang pi luyouzhetwo 
groups of tourists 

II v criticize, comment on, give instruc- 
tions 

pTfa v sell wholesale 
pTgai v correct and grade (students’ 
exercises, essays, etc.) 

Ht^J pTpan v criticize 
litff piping I v criticize, scold II n criticism 
IftlTF plshi I v write comments on a docu- 
ment (e.g. report, request) submitted by 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



subordinates II n comments on a docu- 
ment (e.g. report, request) submitted by 
subordinates 

litHI plzhun v approve, ratify 
I$p t v chop to split 

pi v drape over the shoulder 



J£ 



PIN1 skin 2 leather, hide 



niupf ox hide 
pfdai n leather belt 

^_h^^xishang pfdai buckle up one’s 
belt 

J&M pffu n skin (human) 
pfge n leather, hide 

pfge zhipTn leather product, 
leatherware 

f£|!± pfxie n leather shoes 

pfy n fur coat, leather jacket 
adj fatigued 



[ M pfbei adj physically and mentally 
exhausted 

pffa adj tired, weary 
Mfts pfjuan adj weary, tired 
pflao adj fatigued, tired 
pf N beer 

pfjiu n beer (Jjg ping, If bei) 

note: pfjiu is an example of a semi- 
transliteration: pi represents the sound 

of English word beer and M jiu means 
alcoholic drink. 



pi n spleen 



pfqi n disposition, temper 
l^^if pfqi huai have an irritable temper 
pfqi throw a tantrum, lose 
one’s temper 

E pT m. wd (for horses) 

— E'l&Sf yi pi kuai ma a fast horse 
M pl n flatulence, fart 

MM pigu n bottom, buttocks 



134 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



P* P i trad II v open up (See 
4J"r kaipi.) 

/RfcPl adj unusual, out-of-the-way (See 
ffiJW pianpi) 

P* N eXam Pl e 

ff#n plru conj Same as tk#P biru 
/t±t 1 pian I adj not straight, slanting 
II v be prejudiced, show favoritism 
pian'a v be partial, favor 
'®^'ftfe&^ / J''^CJLpian'ai fade xiaonu'er 
favor one’s youngest daughter 
'(illi piancha n deviation, error 
^JjiLpianjian n prejudice, bias 
Xt|iI't4^#W^ijjiLdui tongxinglianzhe 
you pianjian hold prejudice against 
homosexuals 

pianpi adj remote, out-of-the-way 
jUlR] pianxiang I v show favoritism II n 
erroneous tendency 

/rii* 2 pian adv must (used to indicate 
that the action in question is contrary 
to one’s expectation or wishes) 

note: You can use #Sf|j pianpian instead 
of pian. 

pian m. wd (for a piece of writing) 

— yi pian wenzhang an article/ 
essay 

^jjpian as in (MS pianyi 

(E® pianyi adj inexpensive, cheap 
(£S@ pianyi huo cheap goods, bargain 
Ll* pian I n thin and flat piece II m. wd 
| (for thin, flat pieces) 

— Jr'M'S yi pian mianbao a slice of bread 
pianmian adj one-sided, unilateral 
Jtt^t pian v deceive, fool (See 
qTpian) 

pianju n hoax, fraud 

jiechuan yi ge pianju 
expose a fraud 

H-? 1 pianzi n swindler, con-man 
OT piao v float, drift 

far: 



SB pinkun 



piao TRAD ii v flutter 



w* 

WM piaoyang v (of banners, flags, etc.) 
flutter, wave 

piao n ticket (^ zhang) 

dianymg piao movie ticket 
feijT piao air ticket 
huoche piao train ticket 
H* menpiao admission ticket (to a 
show, sporting event, etc.) 
yH&W qiche piao bus/coach ticket 
piao as in piaoliang 
far; 

piaoliang adj pretty, good-looking 
pi€ v 1 discard, abandon 2 skim off 
from the surface of a liquid 
pie I v take a glance at, shoot a 
1=! glance at II n glimpse 

pin v 1 fight bitterly, risk one’s life 
2 put together 

pTnbo v fight hard against a formida- 
ble adversary (often figuratively) 

pTnbo jlngshen fierce fighting 

spirit 

t$1jp pTnming v do all one can, risk one’s 
life 

■J#i 3 plnyln I v spell, phonetize II n 
Romanized Chinese writing, pinyin 

plnyln wenzi phonetic writing 
Hanyu plnyln fang'an 
Scheme for the Chinese Phonetic Alpha- 
bet 

pm trad M adv frequently 

Mil pindao n frequency channel, (TV) 
channel 

MM pmfan adj frequent 
M^? pinlii n frequency 

pin trad Ht adj poor, lacking 

^5. pfnfa adj lacking in, deficient 

zfyuan pfnfa poor in natural 

resources 

pfnku adj poor and miserable, 
poverty-stricken 

pfnku n adj poor, destitute 



135 




Pi; pfn mm 

H’P: pi'nmin n poor people, people living 
below the poverty line 

pmqiong adj poor, poverty-stricken 
Pt pm In 1 article, product 2 quality, 
HP grade 

JlnpshangpTn superior quality, product 
of superior quality 
II v savor 

ilmll? pmchang v savor, taste 
npf® plnde n moral character 

pTnde gaoshang of lofty 
(excellent) moral character 
jlmfr pTnxfng n moral character and con- 
duct, behavior 

ftff^ApTnxTng buliang of poor moral 
standard and behave badly 
tSiM pTnzhi n 1 (of people) moral char- 
acter, intrinsic quality 2 (of products) 
quality 

pml*! 1 pTnzhong N variety, breed 

jpj} pm v invite for service/employment 

Iptiff pinqTng v invite for service, employ 
HHi pTnren v appoint (for a professional 
or managerial position) 

If ^ pinshu n letter of appointment ({ft 
fen) 

ping n bang (sound) 

y 

pTngpangqiu n table tennis, table 
tennis ball (R zhi) 

tit Ping adj 1 flat, level, smooth 2 be 
on the same level, equal 3 average, 
common 

prng'an adj safe and sound 
^P^ pmgchang I adj ordinary, common 
II adv ordinarily, usually, normally 
^Pfp pingdeng I adj equal (in status) II n 
equality 

^P/L pfngfan adj ordinary, common 
^PTf pmgfang n (in maths) square 

san pfngfang gongchT 3 
square meters 

pfngheng I n balance, equilibrium 
II v to keep in balance 

pmgjing adj calm, quiet, uneventful 

^Pi^J pmgjun adj average 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



^F® pfngmian n (in mathematics) plane 
pfngmian jThe plane geometry 
^PFc pfngmfn n the common people, civil- 
ian ('p ge, 4a ming) 

^PH pfngri adv on an ordinary day (not a 
holiday or festival) 

pfngshf adv usually, under normal 
circumstances 

^PfH. pfngtan adj level and broad 
^Pfi pfngwen adj smooth and stable 
-^Ffr pfngxfng adj parallel 
-^PfT^t pfngxfngxian parallel lines 
pfngyong adj mediocre, ordinary 
^FIK pmgyuan n flatland, plain 
4\|7 pmg trad v 1 comment 2 ap- 
r I praise 

FPtb pfngbT v appraise through compari- 
son 

nianzhong pfngbT end-of- 
the-year appraisal (of performance of a 
number of people or groups) 

Pp/E pfngding v evaluate, assess 
pfnggu v assess, appraise 

zTchan pfnggu assets appraisal 
irpffi* pfngjia I v appraise, evaluate II n 
evaluation 

ift^t 5 Pfil'gaodu pfngjia place a high 
value on, speak highly of 

pfnglun I v comment II n comment, 
commentary 

pfngxuan v appraise and select, 
select by public appraisal 
ping TRAD H N apple 






pfngguo n apple ('p ge) 

pfngguo yuan apple orchard 
pmg n duckweed 

pfngshuT xiangfeng idiom (of 
strangers) meet by chance like drifting 
duckweed 

Ping trad I n evidence, proof 

JXj 

zhenpfng shfju hard evidence 
II v go by, base on 

3€®A^pfngpiao ruchang admission 
by tickets 



136 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



j^pmg n screen 

HJxl pfngfeng n partition 
JPIfl pmg mu n (movie, TV, computer) 
screen 

M pfngl n bottle ('t* ge) 

H^pmgzi bottle 
II m. wd a bottle of 
— yi pmg pfjiu a bottle of beer 
MMhTP Plifc liang pmg kekoukele two 
bottles of Coca-Cola. 
n slope 

PO trad M. I v sprinkle II adj vigor- 
ous, bold (See huopo.) 

[ P° adv quite, rather 



puji 

n'Jtif pouxT v dissect 
n ‘J tif ipfflftj pouxT yf ge dianxfng 
shill study a typical case in great detail 
,p Q v 1 pounce on 2 flap 



ft 1 



it 



po v compel, oppress 



itU pohai v persecute 
ittJ poqie adj urgent, pressing 
it^ poshT v compel, force 
rtfcpoiv 1 break, damage 2 break, split 
II adj tom, damaged 
WJ 11 pochan I v go bankrupt II n bank- 
ruptcy 

pochu v do away with, eradicate 
WM' pohuai v sabotage, damage 

pohuo v solve (a criminal case), 
catch (criminals) 

pojiu adj old and wom-out, shabby 
^ pojiu de changfang run- 
down factory building 

polan adj wom-out, tattered 

jian polan pick up what is valu- 
able from among garbage, make a living 
by doing this 

WMk polie v split, break down 

posui I v break into pieces, smash 
II adj broken into pieces, smashed, 
crushed 

N 1 soul, spirit 2 vigor 



fttA poll n daring, resolution 
ja|| pOU v cut open 

rU 



puke n playing cards 
%Y~%M pukepai (5£ zhang, S'J fu) 

note: f puke is a transliteration of 
poker, to mean playing cards, not the card 
game. pukepai, however, is more 

commonly used in everyday Chinese. We 
say da puke pai, or da pai 

for the verb to play cards. 

•ft' X pumie v extinguish, put out 
pu v spread, unfold 

Hj p U n as in W)^i putao 

Ifltj putao n grape (HI ke) 

putaojiu grape wine 
iHlt® putaoyuan vineyard 
pu trad ft N servant 



>fh 



iY A puren (domestic) servant (T" ge, & 
ming) 

note: \ hA puren is an old-fashioned 
word for servant. Use A yongren or flic 
baomu. 

P 1 ^ as in Pusa 

HiO 5 Pusa n Buddha, Bodhisattva 
pu trad HI adj plain, simple 






pushf adj 1 (of style) simple and 
plain, down-to-earth 2 (of people) 
sincere and honest 
H'jft pusu adj simple and plain 
jfepu adj common, universal 

e 

iiHIt pubian adj widespread, common- 
place 

la It pucha n survey 
APilBIrenkou pucha census 
ilhK. pujf v popularize, make common- 
place 



137 




putong 

WiM putong adj common, commonplace, 
ordinary 

Putonghua n Standard Modem 
Chinese, Mandarin, Putonghua 

note: Modern Standard Chinese is 
known as Putonghua in China, 

[Hilt Guoyu in Taiwan and Huayu 
in Singapore and other Southeast Asian 
countries. They refer to the same lan- 
guage, though slight differences do exist 
among them. 

-afepui v set to music II n musical 
m score 

ifiiftyuepu musical score 

g<*ngqfn pu piano score 
puqu v set music to words 
W u n waterfall 

ifl^T pubu n waterfall 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



rjj q I n fixed time 

W& an qT according to the schedule, on 
time 

PJS8 daoqT expire, due 

guoqT overdue, expired 
II v expect 

$8^ qlda v expect, look forward to 
fijfiWJ qljian n period, time 

qTkan n periodical, journal (zp: ben) 
qTwang I v expect, hope II n expecta- 
tions, hope 

89lliiii) qTwang guogao expect too 
much 

$2} Pi qlxian n deadline, time limit 
^ilfcS^PIIchaogud qlxian exceed the 
time limit, become overdue 
/E — ^1$ PI ding yf ge qlxian set a dead- 
line 

n relative (See qmqi) 



Q 



'b qi num seven, 7 

qT ge xiao airen the seven 

dwarves 

qTbai qlshfqT seven hundred 
and seventy-seven, 777 
num seven 

m ql v infuse 

‘/lU^qTcha make tea 
jp qT n wife 

qTzi wife 

^ qT adj chilly, cold 

iH'fH qTcan adj miserable, wretched 
'$£}& qTliang adj desolate, dreary, miser- 
able 

qT n lacquer, paint 

qlhei adj pitch dark, pitch black 
'MM — gj qlheiyituan pitch dark 



qi v cheat, bully 

qTfu v bully, take advantage of 
(someone) 

qTpian v deceive 
iti qi adj different, divergent 

qfshi I v discriminate against 

qfshi canjfrenshi discrimi- 
nate against the disabled 

II n discrimination 

zhongzu qfshi racial discrimi- 
nation 

■fcqi trad W I adj neat, in a straight 
line II v reaching to the same height 

III adv together, all ready 

qfquan adj complete, all in readiness 
pTnzhong qfquan have a com- 
plete range of products (goods) 

» ql pron this, that 

qfci adv next, secondary, secondly 
qfshf adv actually, as a matter of fact 
S-ffo qfta pron other, else 

qfyu pron the rest, the remainder 
qfzhong n among them, in it 



138 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



qTlai 



q I n chess 

TH^xiaqf play chess 

T — yl pan qf play a game of 

chess 

qfpan n chess board 

qfzT n chess piece 

qf n flag, banner (® mian) 

Ht^FqTgan flagstaff, flag pole 
BIKguoqi' national flag 
shengqi hoist a flag 
qipao n a woman’s dress with high 
neck and slit skirt, cheongsam 
jfilR qizhi n banner (® mian) 

Hi-?- qizi n flag, banner (® mian) 

^ qf adj strange 

if'l^ qiguai adj strange, unusual, odd 
qihuayicao N rare, exotic flora 
qij'i n miracle, wonder 

chuangzao qiji perform a 
miracle, work wonders 

qimiao adj marvelous, intriguing 
qite adj peculiar, unique 
a*qi trad If v ride (a horse, bicycle 
W etc.) 

Sj qi ma ride a horse 
M Sff^qi zixingche ride a bicycle 
tu qT trad .el adv (forming a rhetorical 
question) 

qTbu adv wouldn’t it, doesn’t it 

BttfcJl qTyouci idiom preposterous, 
outrageous 

v hope, eagerly look forward to 

ih 

dk® qTtu I v attempt, try II n attempt 

note: dk® qTtu is usually used for 
negative situations. For example, we 
usually do not say fllldkS^jlij^c Ta qTtu 
bangzhu wo. He tried to help me. but jtildk 
Ta qTtu qTpian wo. He tried to 

deceive me. 

dkJk qTye n enterprise jia) 
dkik^qTyejia entrepreneur 
B^'dkdlk guoyou qTye state-owned 
enterprise 



^AWdkiksiyou qTye private enterprise 
Cz} qi trad ® vl open 2 start, initiate 

m 

)p^e qTcheng v start a journey, set out 
qlfa I v enlighten, arouse II n enlight- 
enment, inspiration 
jpTH qTshi n revelation, inspiration, 
enlightenment 

Jp^fT qTshi n public announcement 
q I v beg 



qTgai n beggar 
qTqiu v implore, beg for 
^Jcjfl^RqTqiu kuanshu beg for mercy 
f qi v rise, get up 



y\- ■ cong . . .qT starting from . 



note: qT is seldom used alone. To ex- 
press to get up ( out of bed), qTchuang 

is more common than ji£ qT . One can 
very well say: 

•Ml Kuai shi dianzhong le, ta hai mei 
qTchuang ne! It’s almost ten o’clock and he 
still isn’t up! 



qTcao v make a draft of (a plan, a 
document, etc.) 

qTchu adv at first, at the onset 
qTchuang v get up (out of bed) 
qTdian n starting point 
itBl! qTfei v (of a plane) take off 

qTfu I v undulate, fluctuate II n fluc- 
tuation, setback 

j£EI$r qThong v set up a commotion in a 
light-hearted or mocking manner 
qTjin adv enthusiastically, in high 
spirits 

qTlai v get up (out of bed), stand up 



note: ^7 |5 qTlai is often used after a 
verb as a complement to express various 
meanings. Among other meanings, 

M qTlai may be used after a verb to mean 
begin to ..., e.g.: ffcfi 
HEc Women bu deng baba le, chi qTlai 
ba. We’re not going to wait for daddy any 
longer. Let’s start eating. 



139 




qima 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



qTma adj the very least, minimum 
qTshen v 1 get up 2 set out, set off 
qTsu v sue, file a lawsuit against 
feiJf^qTsushu indictment 

qTyi I v stage an uprising, revolt II n 
uprising 

nongmfn qTyi peasants’ uprising 
j&M qTyuan I n origin II v originate 
Tfcr t ql v lay (bricks), build by laying 
WJ bricks 

yi du qiang build a brick 

wall 

& qi v sob, cry 



5l'/iikuqi cry, weep and sob 

1 ql trad i,Nl air, gas 2 breath 
3 spirit, morale 



note: Apart from its concrete meaning 
of air, gas, H qi is an important concept 
in traditional Chinese thought, meaning 
something like vital force of life. 



H^ffi qichuan I v gasp for air II n asthma 
'HPw^qichuan bing asthma 
H^R qifen n atmosphere, ambiance 
H$I qiga n lofty spirit, (heroic) mettle 
H5b qigong n a form of exercises involv- 
ing deep breath, qigong 

Man qigong practice exercises of 
deep breath, practice qigong 
HM qihou n climate 
H^J qili n strength, energy 

hua hen da qili make great 

efforts 

HME qiliu n air current 
H$t qipo n daring, boldness 
H^£ qiqiu N balloon 
l&H^reqiqiu hot-air balloon 
HM 1 qishi n momentum 
H'ffc qitT N gas 
H^fc qiwei n smell, odor 
'Him qiwen n atmospheric temperature 

note: See note on wendu. 

HM qixT n 1 breath, breathing 2 flavor 
HIR qixiang n meteorological phenom- 
ena, weather 



H^p qixiangtai meteorological 
observatory 

^ClM^qixiangxue meteorology 

qixiang yubao weather fore- 
cast 

Hffi qiya n atmospheric pressure, air 
pressure 

^2qi trad v be angry, make angry 

Hit qifen adj very angry, fumingly mad 
H qi n vapor, steam 



qiche n automobile, car ($$j liang) 
kai qiche drive a car 



note: In everyday Chinese, $ che is 
often used instead of qiche to refer 
to a car, e.g.: Wo 

key! ba che ting zai zheli ma? May I park 
my car here? 



qichuan n steamboat (]|f sou) 
vH 7|C qishuT n soda water, soft drink, soda, 
pop (M ping, If bei) 

qiyou n gasoline, petroleum 
•^rqi trad SI V abandon (See ii'iff- 
fangqi, paoqi) 
aaqi n utensil 



qicai n equipment, material 
tlW qiguan n (human and animal) organ 
qixie n apparatus, instrument 

M'frf^ttyTliao qixie medical equipment 
4/? qia v pinch, nip 




adv just, exactly 



'Fn qiadang adj appropriate, suitable, 
proper 

fn qiadao haochu idiom just right, 

hitting the spot 

'Fn#? qiahao adv just right, in the nick 
of time 

fnin' qiaqia adv exactly, precisely 

qiaqiao adv as luck would have it, 
fortunately 

qiaruqffen idiom no more no 

less , apt 



140 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



qia v consult, discuss 

IP 

qiatan v hold a talk 

@ he tamen 

gongs! qiatan hezuo xiangmu hold talks 
with their company over co-operation 
pfef, qian v lead along by hand 

^tlL qianche v involve, implicate 
3f£*}| qianyln v tow, draw 
5f£$!] qianzhi v restrain, be bogged down 
k qian num thousand, 1,000 



A' 



& 



3£iT qianding v sign (a treaty, an agree- 
ment, etc.) 

qianfa v (of an official) sign and is- 
sue (an document, certificate, etc.) 

qianmmc I v autograph, sign one’s 
name II n autograph, signature 

qlng gexTng qianmmg ask a 
singer for his/her autograph 

qianshu v sign (a treaty, a contract, 
etc.) 

qianzheng N visa 

^ilE^qianzhengchu visa section (of a 
consulate or embassy) 

A^^lIE riifing qianzheng entry visa 
^ if ^2riE shenqlng qianzheng apply for 



« 



qiantu 

qianzi I v sign (a document) 
I^^cJfLt^r^zai zhlpiao shang qianzi 
sign a check 
II n signature 

^/tqian trad ip n lead (Pb) 



^ yiqian ling yf ye a thousand 
and one nights 

0 A 2 I 13 A~h siqian wubai bashi four 
thousand, five hundred and eighty, 4,580 
qianfang baiji idiom in a thou- 
sand and one ways, by every possible 
means 

Ainl qianke N kilogram (kg) 

AH. qianwa N kilowatt (kW) 

ATT qian wan adv be sure to, must 
never (used in an imperative sentence for 
emphasis) 

jjp qian trad M v move 

AM qianjiu v accommodate oneself to, 
yield to 

* qian trad tt v sign, autograph 



qianbi n pencil (j£ zhi) 
in^^qianbl he pencil box 

qianbi dao pencil sharpener 
qian trad ADJ modest 

liOH qianxu adj modest, self-effacing 
qianxun adj modest, unassuming 
qian In 1 front, in front of 2 Same 
as l yiqian II adv forward 

note: In everyday Chinese, bij qian is 
seldom used alone to mean front or in front 
of. Often it is better to use By qianbian. 

tuilji qianbei n the older generation, 
elders, trailblazer 
qianbian n front 

tuli qiancheng n future, prospects 
jzLAlu^iyuanda qiancheng bright 
future 

ttfr qianfang n (in war) front, frontline 
lyjn qianhou adv (of time) around, about 
®000Afu7TJzai er-lmg-lmg-lmg nian 
qianhou around the year 2000 
fuiS: qianjin v go forward, advance 
qianjlng n prospect, vista 
lu^lj qianlie n front rank, forefront 
luM qianmian n Same as Byj& qianbian 
Ilf^qiannianNthe year before last 
qianqT n early stage, early days 

gongcheng de qianqT the 
early stage of an engineering project 
tuA qianren n predecessor, forefather 
fuWrAW qian suo wei you idiom unpre- 
cedented, hitherto unheard of 
"lull qiantf n 1 prerequisite, the prime 
consideration 2 (in logic) premise 
tuA qiantian n the day before yesterday 
lu A qiantou Same as bu® qianmian, used 
colloquially. 

qiantu n future, prospects, future 
prospects 



141 




BlM£ qianwang 

luti qianwang v go to, proceed 
mm qianxian n (in war) front, frontline 
-tlu^shang qianxian go to the front, 
go to war 

bLL qian TRAD n pincer, plier, 

Tfl forceps 

ft'?' qianzi pincer, plier, forceps (JC ba) 
laohuqian plier, pincer 
an trad adj hidden, latent 



^q |ar 



* 



qianze v condemn, denounce 
qian v inlay, imbed 



qianfu v hide, lie low 

qianfuqT (in medicine) incubation 

period 

qianli N latent capacity, potential, 
potentiality 

}fjr7jC qianshuT v go under water, dive 
iWTRMqianshuTyuan diver 
jtfcKXI qianshuTtmg n submarine (®£ sou) 
qian TRAD H n money (3§ bT) 

fJIfUqianbao wallet, purse 
Aji qian trad ^ ADJ 1 shallow (See 
l-Ki m shenqian) 2 easy, of low standard 
'Jfe. qian v send, dispatch (See Mia 
m paiqian) 

qian TRAD it v as in iitiff qianze 

M 



tk 

qian v owe, be in debt to 

AA'Ht qian renqfng v owe a debt of 
gratitude 

qian n 1 apology (See dao- 
qian) 2 crop failure 
§XM qianyi n apology, regret 

biao qianyi offer one’s 
profound apology 
qiang n cavity 

PMkouqiang oral cavity 
-h/v qiang trad ^ n small arms, gun, 
i h pistol ( zhT, JC ba) 

^tfeshouqiang handgun (revolver, pistol) 
IfeU; qiangbi v execute by shooting 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



jjg qiang I ADJ strong ll ADV by force 

qiangda adj powerful 
qiangdao N bandit, robber 
qiangdiao v emphasize, lay stress on 
lu n intensity, strength 
3Sf fc qianghua v strengthen, intensify 
qiangjian v rape 

qiangjian younu rape an 
underage girl 

qianglie adj strong, intense, violent 
qiangsheng adj (of a country) 
strong and prosperous, powerful and 
wealthy 

3J10J qiangzhi v coerce, force 

qiang trad H n wall (it dao) 

if® qiangbi n wall 

qiang v make an effort 

3Mill qiangpo v force, coerce 
-LA qiang trad I,# v l seize, grab 
2 rob, loot 
qiangjie v rob 

ff^fflfr qiangjie yrnhang rob a bank 
qiangjiu v rescue, salvage 
A qiangjiu bingren rescue a 
patient, give emergency treatment to a 
patient 

^ qiao adj quiet 

MM qiaoqiao adv quietly, on the quiet 
jgjjj^qiao v knock, rap 

qiao trad n spade 



f&#j; tieqiao spade (j[“ ba) 

trad 1ft n bridge (B£ zuo) 

x±#guo qiao cross a bridge 
qiaoliang n big bridge zuo) 
qiao trad disguise 



fP 



qiaozhuang v disguise 
^F^I^C^^^^qiaozhuang cheng yf 
ge haidao disguise oneself as a pirate 



142 




qi adj timid (See IS'f£ danqie) 



CHINESE - ENGLISH 



qiao trad v sojourn, live abroad 
V r (See huaqiao) 

qiaobao n countrymen residing 
overseas 

qiao v Same as # kan v 1. Used 
only as a colloquialism, 
qiao I ADV coincidentally II adj 
skilled, clever 

qiaomiao adj ingenious, very clever 

M qiao trad il v stick up, bend 
upward 

^ qiao adj pretty and cute 

v cut, slice 

^ qi6 n eggplant 

^n^qiezi eggplant (K zhl) 

J. qie conj moreover (See Mil erqie) 

L*rt qie v be close to, tally with (See ^ 

I ij] qTnqie) 

qieshf adj 1 feasible, practical 2 
earnest 

qieshf kexrng de banfa 
practical measure 

qie trad IS v steal, pilfer 

w 

qiequ v steal, grab 
ItjRJt qietTng v eavesdrop, bug 
^VrflqietTngqi listening-in device, bug 
qln v admire 

qlnpei v admire, esteem 
•<7 A^Aflfl ling re n qlnpei admirable 
-tV qln trad li I n blood relation II adj 
close, intimate 

qTn'ai adj dear, beloved, darling 

note: Although qTn'ai is glossed as 
dear , the Chinese reserve qTn'ai 

(de) for the very few people who are re- 
ally dear and close to their hearts. 

qinbl adv (written) in one’s own 
handwriting 



& qing 

qTn mi adj intimate, close 
qTnqi n relative, relation 

qTnqi pengyou relatives and 

friends 

qTnqi visit a relative 
qTnqie adj cordial 

qTn re adj affectionate, warm-hearted 
MA qTnren n family member 

qTnshen adj personal, firsthand 

qTnshen jTngli personal experi- 
ence 

qTnsheng adj one’s biological (par- 
ents or children) 

M6®:£5£^tade qTnsheng fuqin her 
biological father 

5^^ qTnshou adv with one’s own hands, 
by oneself, personally 

qTnyan adv with one’s own eyes 
qTnyou n relatives and friends 
Tt^ijf&zou qTn fang you visit relatives 
and friends 

^ § qTnzi adv by oneself, personally 
j '3^ qln v invade, intrude, encroach 

qTn I ue v invade (by force) 

MA qTnru v intrude into, make incursions 
into 

'fJBlfe qTnshf v corrode, erode 
Md? qTnzhan v invade and occupy 
^qin n (stringed) musical instrument 

ffppgangqm piano jia) 

Ji^tfqm violin (Jl“ ba) 
l^rj j ADJ diligent, hard-working 

Wj-& qfnfen adj diligent, applying oneself 
to 

IW^qinjian adj diligent and frugal 

qfnken adj diligent and conscientious 
Wy-ff qfnlao adj hard-working, industrious 
-+£* qin celery 

Jr 

^3jlqmcai celery 
qfn n bird, fowl 

:qTng adj green 



143 




& qTngcai 

qTngcai N Chinese cabbage (# ke) 
qmgchun n the quality of being 
young, youth 

qlngchunql puberty 
^Ci^^^yongbao qlngchun have 
eternal youth 

qlngnian n young person, young 
people, youth (especially male) (fu wei, 
X ge) 

qTngwa n frog (K zhl) 

.mqlngi adj 1 clear (water) , clean 
2 (of matters) clear, easy to under- 
stand II v make clear 
W:it qlngcha v check thoroughly 
WiR qlngchen n early morning 
WH& qlngchu v remove, clear away 
yfl^il^®P#qTngchu Iaj7 youjian 
delete junk mail 

WH qlngchu adj clear (of speech or 
image) 

Win qTngjie v clean, clear up 
WWX qlngjiegong cleaner 
vWJJI qlnglT v sort out, clear out 
WiJlift'^^lqTnglT bangongzhuo clear 
out a desk 

WBlff qlngxT adj very clear, distinct 
WfiT qlngxTn adj pure and fresh, refreshing 
TH/§f^J^^qTngxTn de kongqi fresh air 
WSI qTngxlng adj clear-headed, sober 
qlng trad ADJ i hght (of 

1 weight) 2 low, soft (of voice) 3 of a 
low degree 

qlngbian adj lightweight and handy, 
portable 

qlnggongye n light industry 
$£'[& qmgkuai adj 1 light-hearted, lively 

2 light-footed, brisk 

qlngshi v think . . . unimportant, 
underestimate, belittle 

qlngsong adj (of a job) easy, not 
requiring much effort, relaxed 
qlng wei adj slight, trifling 
K zhTyou qlngwei de 

sunshT only slightly damaged 
Jf qlngyi adv 1 easily, demanding little 
effort 2 without much consideration, 
rashly 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



qlngyi xia jielun reach a 
hasty conclusion 

qlng yTnyue n light music 
Jg* qlng n hydrogen (H) 

Mrt, qTngq hydrogen 
{^ qTlig v incline, lean 

fIBJf qlngtTng v listen attentively 
f^fnj qmgxiang n tendency, inclination 
WJM qTngxiao v dump (goods) 

qTngxiao fa anti-dumping 

regulation 

fII4 qTngxie v tilt, incline 
jjj^qmg as in qingting 

$jf®l qTngtmg n dragonfly (K zhl) 
jtekqmg n 1 circumstance 2 feeling, 

1 fi sentiment 

'HffH qfngbao n intelligence, information 
'WlSqfnggan n emotion, feeling 
WW qfngjie n plot (of a story, movie, etc.) 
'[If ;!c qmgjrng n scene, occasion 
'tifift qfngkuang n situation, circumstance 
'Will qmglT N accepted code of conduct, 
reason 

Xifi'lfilbu jin qmglT violate the ac- 
cepted code of conduct, unreasonable 
‘MM qingxmg n circumstances, situation 
'W^ qfngxu n mood, feelings 
'WE qfngyuan v would rather, prefer 

note: 'WE qfngyuan is usually used 
together with fh, ye, as shown in the 
example sentence, e.g.: 

Wo qfngyuan duo 

hua xie qian, ye yaomai dao chenxTn 
de dongxi. I’d rather spend more money 
in order to get things that satisfy me. -ti 1 ye 
may be replaced by f|$ dou 



ffif 



qing adj (of weather) fine, clear 



Bifgfl qfnglang adj fine, sunny 
Hif5t qfngtian n fine day 
'^qing trad nW v 1 invite 2 ask, 
v\ request 



144 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



qu 



note: ijf qing is used to start a polite 
request, equivalent to Please ..., e.g.: ijf 
Qfng m'n bie zai zheli 
xTyan. Please don’t smoke here.; ijf^! 
Qing zuo! Sit down, please! 



ijfiil qTngjia v ask for leave 
if^HltqTng bingjia ask for sick leave 
iff^fl'fltqmg shijia ask for leave of 
absence 

qTngjian n letter of invitation, invita- 
tion card ({$• fen) 

qing jiao v ask for advice, consult 



note: ijftfc qingjiao is a polite word, 
used when you want to ask for advice or 
information, e.g.: ijftfc, 

Qingjiao, zhege Hanzi shl shenme 
y'isi? Would you please tell me the meaning 
of this Chinese character? 



it'll- qTngke v 1 invite to dinner 2 treat 
(someone to something) 

if^r® l qTngke songIT invite to dinner 
and give gift to, bribe by gifts and dinner 
parties 

qTngqiu I v request, ask for II n 
request 

it/K qTngshi v ask (a person of superior 
position) for instruction 
ijflWf qTngtie n letter of invitation, invita- 
tion card (ift fen) 
itl'n]" ■ qing wen... Excuse me, ... 



NOTE: When you want some information 
from someone, start your query with ijf 
f»|— qing wen..., e.g.: ifl'nj, 

Qing wen, qu huochezhan zenme 
zou? Excuse me, could you show me the 
way to the railway station? 



m 

j* 



qTng trad iM n a unit of area (= 

6.6667 hectares) 

qing trad HE v celebrate 



qinghe v congratulate, celebrate 
qingzhu v celebrate 

gjjqiong trad Wj adj poor, poverty- 
stricken 



qiongku adj poor, poverty-stricken 
qiongren poor person, the poor 

$c qiQ n fall, autumn 

qiushou n autumn harvest 
qiutian n fall, autumn 
pp qiu n mound, low and small hill 

JxH qiuling n hills, hilly land 

* qiu v beseech, beg, humbly ask for 






qiuhun v propose marriage, make a 
marriage offer 

t- 4^ qiu n 1 ball (K zhT) 2 ball game 
- 1 ' J’ v chang) 

tfcJifcbT qiu have a (ball game) match 
'{fBjtbangqiu baseball 
fT^ljcda qiu play basketball or volleyball 
kan qiu watch a ball game 
SlJ^clanqiu basketball 
f^f^cpaiqiu volleyball 
qiu play soccer 
>£j^czuqiu soccer 

J^t^qiuchang n sports ground (especially 
where ball games are played) 
f^IAqiudui n (ball game) team 
qiu mi n (ball game) fan 
^f^c^iizuqiumi' soccer fan 

qiuyuan (ball game) player 
qu adj crooked, bent 



quxian n curve 

quxiantu line graph, graph 
fttlrquzhe adj tortuous, winding 
E qQ trad Hl n district 

shangyequ commercial area, 
business district 

XJkEgongyequ industrial zone, indus- 
trial district 

Jx^iJ qubie I v set apart, differentiate 
II n difference 

Hi}* qufen I v put in different categories, 
differentiate II n differentiation 
JEM quyu n region, area 
m; qu trad li v drive 



145 




quzhu 

jjg^fij^quch^ qianwang drive (in a 
car) to 

WM quzhu v drive out, banish 

quzhu chujing deport, deporta- 
tion 

WMM quzhujian n destroyer 
^ qQ trad Hz v tend (to become) 

qushi n tendency 

lingren danyou de 
qushi a worrying tendency 
^Ir] quxiang v tend to, incline to 
ffr? Qu 1 v bend, bow II adj wrong (See 
1 M #j3i weiqu) 

qufu v yield (to), knuckle under 
M q u N 1 ditch, canal 2 medium, 

: channel 

JIIMIflguangaiqu irrigation channel 
IHilt qudao n 1 irrigation ditch 2 medium 
of communication, channel 
j-j-jj q U n melody, tune 

ftiJI qudiao n tune, melody 
quzi n song, melody 
^^^jffi-Fshuxi de quzi familiar tune 
nr* v fetch, collect 

I&ifcqukuan withdraw money 
qudai v replace, substitute for 
WM- qude v obtain, achieve 
quxiao v cancel, call off 
qu v (of a man) marry 

qu xffu (of a man) marry, take a 

wife 

note: See note on ^ jia. 
qu v leave for, go to 

qunian n last year 
qushi v die, pass away 
note: ^IM: qushi must be used when you 
want to show respect and/or love to the 
deceased. For instance, the normal word 
for die, si, would be totally inappropri- 
ate in the example sentence: 

AlirTo Ta de zufu zai shangge 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



yue qushi le. His grandfather passed away 
last month. 

® qCl n interest 

®5^quwei n 1 interest, delight 2 taste, 
preference 

{6M^0^dTjf quwei vulgar taste 
quan n circle, ring 

M'M quantao n snare, trap 
iitTSlffishexia quantao set a trap, lay 
a snare 

i§-Affl^luoru quantao be caught in a 
trap, be snared 
H"?* quanzi n circle, ring 
-kt quan trad tn n i authority, power 
2 right, privilege 
qua nli n right 
J qua nli n authority, power 
$Oitquanwei n authority, authoritative- 
ness 

SPTy£$U$cguojifa quanwei an author- 
ity in international law 

quanxian n limits of one’s authority, 
extent of one’s authority 
^fcB'ftfe^jWEchaochu ta de quanxian 
exceed the limit of his authority 
teri quanyi n rights, rights and interests 
^quan adj whole, complete 

quanguo the whole country 
^rtir^-quanshijie the entire world 
quanbu n all, without exception 
quandou adv all, without exception 
quanhui n plenary session, plenary 
meeting 

4 , #4>:&+7yi^4 , £z;Zh6nggdng 
Zhongyang shfliu jie er-zhong quanhui 
the second plenary meeting of the 1 6th 
Central Committee of the Chinese Com- 
munist Party 

quanjf n completed works (of an 
author) 

quanju n overall situation 
'ikj] quanli adv with all of one’s strength, 
making every effort 



146 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



iti] With qua nil yTfu spare no efforts, go 
all out 

quanmian adj all-round, compre- 
hensive 

quanmin n the entire people (of a 
country) 

quantT n all, each and every one (of 
a group of people) 

quanxTn quanyi idiom whole- 
heartedly 

j||quan Nfist 

liMk quantou n fist 

quad n spring (a small brook) 

7K 

^T^kuangquan mineral water 
im^wenquan hot spring 

quan Ndog 



A 



1 = Ajfngquan police dog 
-tX* quar trad Wl v I try to talk ... into 
" 1 (or out of) doing something, advise 
2 encourage 

quangao I v exhort, advise II n 
advice 

quanshuo v persuade, advise 
SfrPJl quanzu v dissuade from, advise ... 
not to 

quanzu wuxiao try in vain to 
dissuade someone from doing something 
quan n ticket, certificate 

Ai^^ruchangquan admission ticket 
v 1 lack, be short of 

i&A^-que renshou shorthanded 
2 be incomplete, be absent 
$£, 1 ^ quedian n shortcoming, defect 
quefa v be deficient in, lack 
H&PquekouN breach, indenture 
3&A queshao v be short of, lack 

note: quefa and iltAA queshao are 

synonyms, but quefa has abstract 
nouns as objects, while queshao 
takes as objects nouns denoting concrete 
persons or things. 



ffliK qunzhong 

quexf v be absent from (a meeting, a 
class, etc.) 

j££Pti quexian n defect, shortcoming 
q lie v be lame 

HF?-quezi lame person, cripple 
+r i que trad W adv unexpectedly, 
contrary to what may be normally 
expected, but, yet 
H qu e trad ISl n magpie 

flPHixTque magpie (H zhT) 
que v discuss 

^f$lshangque discuss 
yjp que n finch 

maque sparrow (H zhT) 

-fife qu< trad W I adj true, authentic II 
adv firmly 

v ensure, guarantee 
queding v confirm, fix, determine 
$|jl queli v establish 

queqie adj precise, specific 
filjiA queren v affirm, confirm 

queshi adj verified to be true, indeed 
quexin v firmly believe, be convinced 
ittlt quezao adj conclusive, irrefutable 
•gjtqun n skirt 

If-?- qunzi n skirt (£ tiao) 

qun m. wd a crowd of, a group of 
(for people or animals) 

— m yi qun gou a pack of dogs 
— - yi qun niao a flock of birds 
— INMf 1 yi qun niu a herd of cattle 
— yi qun xiaoxuesheng a 
group of primary schoolchildren 
qundao N archipelago 
quntl n (social) group 

rudshi qunti weak social group 
qunzhdng n the masses (people), the 
general public 



147 




M ran 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



R 



M ran conj however 

ran'er conj Same as {BJk danshi. 
Usually used in written Chinese. 

ranhou idiom conj afterwards, ... 
and then 

xian... ranhou... first ... and 

then... 

^ ran v burn 

'Mf-i ranliao n fuel 
m ranshao v bum 
gtran v dye 

ranliao n dyestuff 

rang n soil (See XiH turang) 



rtpp rang v yell, shout 



it 



rang trad M v 1 let, give way 2 
allow, make 



/rfe rac trad M v have mercy on, 
fcm forgive 

+11. rao trad M v harass (See fTf/t 
4 / i da rao.) 

rao trad v make a detour, 
bypass 

re v cause (something undesirable), 
invite (trouble etc.) 

44t r trad §& adj 1 hot 2 ardent, 
sWt passionate 

m re'ai v ardently love, be in deep love 
with 

rechao N upsurge, craze 
redai N the tropics, the tropical zone 
$tj| reliang n quantity of heat 
relie adj warm, ardent 
renao adj noisy and exciting in a 
pleasant way, boisterous, bustling, lively 
(of a scene or occasion) 

#V||f reqrng adj enthusiastic, warmhearted 
reshulpfng n thermos, thermos 

flask 

rexTn adj warmhearted, enthusiastic 



jfcf ••• dui...rexin be warmhearted 
towards, be enthusiastic about 
A ren n human being, person 

At rencai n talented person, person of 
ability 

A^TOf rencai shichang personnel 
market, job fair 

A^h?;1t rencai wailiu brain drain 
AULtSt rendaozhuyi n humanitarianism 
rendaozhuyi yuanzhu 
humanitarian aid 

Aft renge n personality, moral quality 
I^^^AftiS^yf wo de renge danbao 
give (you) my personal guarantee 
AX rengong I adj artificial, man-made 
AX^ftrengong zhineng artificial 
intelligence 

II n manpower, man-day 
AM renjia pron 1 other people 2 he, she, 
they (used to refer to another person 
or other people) 3 I, me (used to refer 
to oneself, used only among intimate 
friends or family members) 

AlH renjian n the earth, the human world 
A fU As* renjian tiantang paradise on 
earth 

A#1 renjun n average, per capita 
AP renkou n population (human) 

note: It is interesting that the Chinese 
word for population is made up of A 
ren (human) and P kou (the mouth). It 
suggests that feeding people (mouths) has 
been the primary concern in China. 

A^ ren lei n humankind, mankind 
A^^ renleixue n anthropology 
At) ren 11 n manpower 
Afl^M renli zTyuan human resource 
Ain ren men N people, the public 
Af£ ren mfn n the people (of a state) 
Aff;ff5 Renminbi n the Chinese currency, 
Renminbi (RMB) 

Alt renqrng N 1 common sense, reason 
XiXMif bu jin renqrng unreasonable 
(in dealing with interpersonal matters) 

2 human feelings 



148 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



jiang renqrng resort to feeings 
(instead of regulations, law, etc.) 

3 gift, favor 

J&Afif song renqrng give a gift (in order 
to gain favors) 

A#l renquan n human rights 
A&t renshe n illegal (especially smug- 
gled) immigrant 
A# renshen n ginseng 
A£ rensheng n (one’s entire) life 
A^ renshi n human resources matters 

renshi bumen human resourc- 
es department, personnel department 
A3# renshou N human lifespan 

renshou baoxian life insur- 
ance 

Af^ rent! n human body 

rent! jiepouxue human 
anatomy, anatomy 

Aj^J renwei adj man-made, artificial 
A $} renwu n well-known and important 
person, figure, personage (fu wei) 

A ; 0' renxTn n popular feelings, the will of 
the people 

A'l§: renxing N human nature 
AM renyuan n personnel, staff 
Aia renzao adj man-made, artificial 
AM renzhi n hostage 
^PlIiAMkduliu renzhi hold a hostage 
/— * ren I n benevolence, humanity 
II adj benevolent, humane 
{iMk rencf adj benevolent, merciful 
jjj ren v endure, tolerate, put up with 

rennai v bear, put up with, exercise 
patience 

renshou v tolerate, stand 
renxTn v have the heart to (do), be 
hard-hearted 

note: renxTn is usually used in its 

negative form of buren xTn, which 

means not have the heart to (do), e.g.: #Jc 
Wo bu 

renxTn ba zhe ge kepa de xiaoxi gaosu 
ta. I don’t have the heart to tell her this 
terrible news. 



0 ri 



renzhu v endure, bear 

renbuzhu unable to bear, cannot 

help 

rendezhu can endure, can bear 
±jn ren trad $J] adj strong and pliable, 
t tenacious 

'I ren trad IE v l recognize 
2 identify 

iA# rende v Same as iUR renshi 
iA/£ rending v be firmly convinced, 
maintain, decide on 
m renke v approve 
MitiART^zhiliang renke shu certifi- 
cate of quality approval 
iAiR renshi v know, understand 

renwei v think, consider (normally 
followed by a clause) 
iAJt renzhen adj earnest, conscientious, 
serious 

/-p ren I CONJ no matter II v 1 appoint, 
take up 2 give free rein to 
'BMrT ren he pron any, whatever 
mA ren he ren anyone 
jiM^renhe shi any matter, anything, 
everything 

renming v appoint (to a position of 
importance) 

renming ta wei 

fuzongcai appoint him Vice-CEO 
renwu n assignment, mission 
renxing adj willful, headstrong 
'fEfl renyi adv randomly, at random 
prC ren trad fi v cook (See 
jkJL pengren) 

ren n the edge of a knife, blade 
Uyeng v throw, toss 

reng ADV Same as rengran 






{1510 rengjiu adv Same as rengran 
{J5$& rengran adv still, as before 
ri n date, day 



0 



AK 0 Sanyue ershf si ri the 

twenty-fourth of March 



149 




B fH ribao 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



— 0 Jiuyue yf rl the first of Septem- 
ber 

note: In writing, 0 ri is used for dates 
as shown above. However, in speech it is 
more common to say -*7 hao. For example, 
to say the twenty-fourth of March 4 
Sanyue ershi si hao is more natural 
than 0 Sanyue ershi si ri. 



rongna v have a capacity of, hold, 
contain 

igrff rongqi n container, vessel 
rongren v tolerate 
rongxu v permit, allow 
rongyi adj 1 easy, not difficult 
2 having a tendency to, likely 
rong v dissolve, melt 




0f{| ribao N daily newspaper, daily 
02js Riben n Japan 
0 ^ richang adj daily, routine 
0^ richeng N daily schedule, schedule 
i!*03iyishi richeng agenda 
0 Hijfi richeng biao n timetable (for a 
schedule) 

07^ riguang n sunlight 
0 iB riji n diary ben, H pian) 

0 iW rijiben diary 
iB 0 iB ji riji keep a diary 
0S9 riqT n date (especially of an event) 

0 Riwen n the Japanese language 
(especially the writing) 

0 riye adv day and night, round the 
clock 

0 riye fuwu round-the-clock 

service 

0 M rlyi adv day by day, increasingly 
0ffl5n riyongpTn n daily necessities 
0 if Riyu n the Japanese language 
0 7C Riyuan n Japanese currency, yen 

0 -?■ r'izi n 1 day, date 2 life 

n 4t rong v l melt, thaw 2 be in har- 
mony, blend, fuse 

1 MB ronghua v melt, thaw 

linin' rongqia adj harmonious, very 
friendly 

rong trad ^ I ADJ glorious, flour- 
ishing II n glory, honor 
tFeU 1 rongyu n honor, great credit 

rongyu chenghao title of 

honor 

rong v 1 tolerate 2 hold, accom- 
modate 

rongjl n amount of space, volume 
^j!l rongliang N the amount that some- 
thing can hold, capacity 



1 ronghua v dissolve 
rongjie v dissolve, melt 
rongye N solution 
rong v melt, smelt 

rong TRAD M n fine hair, down 

VI^SMyarongbei duckdown quilt 
.rfi rOU adj soft, gentle 

rouhe adj soft and mild, gentle 
ffffll-ftn^rouhe de kouqi a gentle and 
soothing voice 

rouruan adj soft, lithe 
rOU v rub, knead 



isi 



0 roumian knead dough 
rOU n flesh, meat 



jTrou chicken meat 
^$1 niurou beef 
^$1 yang rou mutton 
yurou fish meat 
zhurou pork 

NOTE: The most popular meat in China 
is pork. Unspecified, |£j rou often refers 
to pork. 

ru I v 1 be like, be similar to 
2 according to 3 for example, such as 
II conj Same as ruguo. Used only 
in writing. 

$Piffc ruci conj so, such as 
$Pllti5^rud shuolai in that case, then, 
so 

note: See note on #P{ 6 J ruhe. 

#PJ|: ruguo conj if, in the event that 



150 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



ifc/J? sanbu 



note: ruguo is usually used with 

ffcjiu. 

ruhe pron how, what 

note: $PfSJ ruhe is one of the few rem- 
nants of Classical Chinese still used in 
Modern Chinese, but it is usually used in 
writing only. The same is true with $Plth 
rucT, rujTn and #Plnl rutong. 

#P 7* rujTn pron today, now 
note: See note on #PfnJ ruhe. 

$P[iJ rutong v be like, as 
note: See note on #HfnJ ruhe. 

hUM ruyi adj as one wishes 

chenxTn ruyi to one’s heart’s 

content 

TfMnllwanshi ruyi best of luck for 
everything 

F =t- TU v insult (See wuru) 



£L 



ril n 1 breast 2 milk 



ruixue n timely snow 
,Vr| run trad v moisten, enrich (See 
i I fij'/l's] lirun, Mil'l shTrun) 

33 rud adj weak, feeble 



rufang N female breast, udder 
4 1 runiii n dairy cattle, cow (^c tou) 
^L^Jpn ruzhipTn N dairy product 

A ru v 1 enter, go in 2 join, become a 
member of 

AJji rujing v enter a country 
AP rukou n entry, entrance 
A®: ruqln v invade, make inroads 
A^- rushou v start with, proceed 
A^ ruxue v start school 

ruan trad ^ ADJ l soft, supple 
2 weak, feeble 

Dcj^ ruanjian n computer software, 
software 

DcH ruanpan n floppy disk 
Dell ruanqu n floppy drive 
Dell ruan rud adj weak, feeble 
rul trad adj sharp 

ruili adj sharp, pointed 
tUj rui adj auspicious 



i ruoshi quntT n weak social 
group, the disadvantaged 
-hfr* rue conj if 

JT 

la-p ruogan num a certain number 



v cast, spread out 

sa yuwang spread out a fishing 
net 

Iftilisahuang v Same as shuohuang 
trad M v sprinkle, spray 

jjtg Sa trad M as in Pusa 

jj|j} sai n cheek 

sai v plug, stuff 

ba hen dud ylfu 
saijin luxmgdai stuff lots of clothes in 
the duffel bag 

'=•>¥-» Sai trad if v compete (See tb# 
r bisai, jingsai.) 

— ‘ San num three, 3 

“pH shisan thirteen, 13 
H“P sanshf thirty, 30 
San num three, 3 

S3 n trad ^ n umbrella (|t“ ba) 

-H 2 * 



san adj loose 

sanwen n prose, essay (H pian) 
it/-. san v 1 disperse, scatter 2 dissemi- 
nate, distribute 

Wijfr sanbu v take a short leisurely walk, 
stroll 



151 




sanbu 

Wtffi sanbu v disseminate, spread 

sanbu yaoyan spread rumors 
W3L sanfa v distribute, give out 

pf£K sanfa guanggao zhT pass out 

fliers 

‘ sang TRAD ^ n funeral 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



tT 



^tfcbensang travel to attend a funeral 
sangshi n funeral arrangements 
ban sangshi make funeral ar- 
rangements 

sang n mulberry 

sangshu mulberry tree (1M ke) 
JlBf sangye mulberry leaf zhang) 
f|$:'/&sangnayu N sauna 

note: This is a case of a semi-transliter- 
ation. represents the sound of sauna 

and '/§ means bath. 



m 



, sang n throat 

|-? sangzi n 1 throat 2 voice 
^ sang trad 5$ v lose 



sangshi v lose, forfeit 
Sac trad II v disturb, upset 

iJrsJj saodong I v disturb, cause a commo- 
tion II n social disturbance, commotion 
3HSL saoluan I v riot II n riot, disturbance 
prngxT saoluan put down a riot 
sac n elder brother’s wife 

$j£-? saozi n elder brother’s wife, sister- 
in-law 

NOTE: One’s younger brother’s wife is 
fcfc dimei. 



e 



sao TRAD rffT v sweep 



33% sao di sweep the floor 
33 saochu v clean (a room, a court- 
yard, etc.) 

^ sa ° as in 33# saozhou 
33# saozhou n broom (% ba) 



fe 



se n 1 color 2 sex 



feji0 secai n color, hue 
fe3fs^1l secai fengfu a riot of colors 
fe<JH selang n a lascivious man, sexual 
molester 

fell! semang n color blindness, achro- 
matopsia 

fe'tlf seqrng n pornography 
fe^ seyu N lust, sexual lust 
sen n forest 

|!|33 senlrn n forest 
^ Shi TRAD V kill 

mouhai murder 
#rilF shaha v kill, murder 
><i| Sha as in shache 

m 

shache I n brake II v apply brakes, 
brake 

^fjj^jfshache brake suddenly 
^ sh a n sand, grit 

shafa n upholstered chair, sofa, 
couch 

WM. sha mo N desert 
'typfe shatan n sandy beach 
shatu n sandy soil 
%Sf| shayan n trachoma 
2KF shazi n sand, grit ($L li) 

# sha n grit, sand 

trad N yam 

381^'rniansha cotton yarn 
m sha adj foolish, stupid 

{S'? shazi n fool, idiot 
FH? Sha n a tall building, mansion 



ifjIf^cMgaolou dasha tall buildings 
and great mansions 
jj^sha pron what 

^PMyou sha chi sha eat whatever 
you’ve got 



152 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



note: Pj?j sha is a dialectal word, used on 
very casual occasions. 

« shsi v sieve, sift 

M 1 ?" shaizi sieve_ 

jjgj She trad HU v dry in the sun, bask 

shai taiyang sunbathe 
Shdtl n mountain, hill C0* zuo) 



04 



|Eii| pasha n mountain climbing, moun- 
taineering 

lilffe shandi n hilly area, mountainous 
region 

pj&^shandiche mountain bike (f$j 
liang) 

li|llf§ shanfeng n mountain peak zuo) 
Lilpg shangang n low hill (M* zuo) 
shangou n gully, ravine tiao) 
lij^ shangu N valley tiao) 

LijM shanhe n mountains and rivers, land 
(of a country) 

^^illRdahao shanhe the beautiful 
land (of a country) 

iLlP shanjiao n the foot of a hill (moun- 
tain) 

^ElijJiPT zai shanjiao xia at the foot of 
the hill (mountain) 
ill ill? shanlmg n mountain ridge 

shanmai n mountain range (^ tiao) 
LJ47JC shanshul landscape 
^P^7Ky6u-shan-wan-shu! enjoy the 
landscape, go sightseeing 
lil3k shantou n hilltop (ffi zuo) 
lilif shanyao n halfway up the mountain, 
mountainside 

X Shan n shirt (See chenshan.) 






f Shan n as in shanhu 

m 

IfSii shanhu n coral 
jjjjjj Shan v delete (words) 

i'j-| Shan trad TM v 1 flash, sparkle 
2 glitter, twinkle 
R% shandian N lightning 



lalhn shangpm 

Ptt shanpan n (computing) flash 
memory disk 

Rj 2 f shanshuo v twinkle, glitter 
R)H shanyao v shine 

Shan n fan (See dianshan.) 



Shan ADJ good, kind, friendly 

l=t 

shanliang adj kind-hearted, good- 
hearted 

HA 11 shanyu v be good at 
4gf Shan I v be good at II adv (doing 
things) without authorization 
shanchang adj expert in, having a 
special skill 

shanchang tanpan be espe- 
cially good at negotiation, be an expert 
negotiator 

shanz) adv without permission, 
without authorization 

Shang TRAD {H I v wound, injure, 
hurt II n wound, injury 
jj 5 shoushang be wounded, be injured 
shang ba n scar 
shangfeng v catch a cold 
shanghai v harm, hurt 
shang hen n bruise, scar 
$jP shang kou n wound, cut 
jfflitfJ shang naojln I v be vexed, be 
frustrated II adj troublesome, vexing 

shang naojln de went! a 
very difficult problem, a thorny problem 
$bll' shangxln adj heartbreaking, heart- 
broken 

j3j.M shangyuan n wounded soldier (% 
ming) 

W shan I v discuss, consult II n 
commerce, business 
shang biao N trademark 
IwiM shangchang n 1 shopping center, 
mall (i$C jia, ,0* zuo) 2 department store 
shangdian n shop, store (iC jia) 
JFWiri kai shangdian open or keep a 
shop 

4§jjt shangliang v discuss, consult 
itfcm shangpm N commodity (# jian, # 
zhong) 



153 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Wfil shangque 

]tf$i shangque v discuss politely, deliber- 
ate 

WA shangren n merchant, business 
person 

shangtao v exchange views in order 
to reach a consensus 
Wik shangye n commerce, business 
Ittlfgi shangye guanlT business 
administration 

shangye guanlT shuoshi 
Master of Business Administration 
(MBA) 

"jtrfllklx shangyequ n business district 

shangye zhongxTnqu central 
business district (CBD) 
shangyi v discuss, confer 
shanq trad f vl admire, enjoy 
J7\ 2 reward, grant 

shangfa fenmfng idiom reward- 
ing merit and punishing mistake fairly, 
exercise discipline judiciously 
JtiR shangshf v recognize and admire the 
talent of (people) , appreciate the worth 
of (people) 

I Shang I n on top of, on, above 

II adj previous, last 

shang xlngql last week 
±— if shang yf ke the previous class 
(lesson) 

note: ± shang is often used after a noun 
to form words of location. While its basic 
meaning is on top, _h shang may have 
various, often semi- idiomatic meanings, 
e.g. 

L baozhl shang in the newspaper 
fl!i± di shang on the ground 
XfK h gongzuo shang in work 
hui shang at the meeting 
tit Vr h shijie shang in the world 

shou shang in hand, in the hands of 

shangbian n above, high up 
±M shangceng n upper stratum (of a 
society) 

±M?±#shangceng shehui upper 
social class 



JL^f shangdeng adj (of products) supe- 
rior, first-rate 

±if? Shangdi n God 

_tJ$shangjf n higher authorities, superior 
shang kong n overhead, in the sky 
±M shangmian n Same as _ha£ shang- 
bian 

JlJY shangsheng v rise 
hi # shangshu n above-mentioned 
±ijf shangsu v appeal (to a higher court) 
shangwu n morning (usually from 8 
a.m. to noon) 

note: shangwu does not mean the 

whole morning. It denotes the part of 
morning from about eight or nine o’clock 
to noon. The period before eight or nine 
o’clock is zaochen or zaoshang. 

±T shangxia n from top to bottom, up 
and down 

shangxun n the first 10 days of a 
month 

shangyi n upper garment, jacket (# 
jian) 

±8$ shangyou n upper reaches (of a 
river) 

±§t shang zai v upload 
_L8R shangzhang v (of rivers, prices) 
rise, go up 

2 Shang v I go upwards, ascend 

_hjic shang lou go upstairs 
Jl^feshanglai come up 
_b£shangqu go up 

2 get on (a vehicle), go aboard (a plane, 
ship) 

_L$- shang che get into a vehicle 
_tffr shang chuan board a ship 
JllltH shang feijT get on the plane 

3 attend (school), go to (work) 

JlA^ shang daxue go to university 

_t|li shangban v go to work 
_tJH shang bao v 1 report to a higher body 
2 appear in the newspapers 

shangdang v be fooled, be duped 
±M shangke v go to class, have classes 




154 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



S3 shezhl 



_h^£ shangren v assume office, take up 
a post 

_t7ff shangshi v be available on the 
market 

±Tfc&fI shangshi gongs! listed 
company 

_L'n shangtai v 1 go on stage 2 come to 
power 

shangwang v get on the Internet, 
surf the Internet 

shangxue v go to school 
|>l/j slicing v worship, revere 



shang n clothing (See 
£ yTshang) 

ij^fe Shao trad 'Ivi burn 2 cook 
3 have a fever 

shaobTng n sesame seed cake 
kuai) 

shaohuT v burn up 

4^1/ Shao v take (something) along for 
jR (someone) 

f^^i^JLshao ge huartake an (oral) 
message, relay a message 

Shao n the thin tip of a long- 
shaped object 
WIJLshushaor treetops 
rtjk Shao adv Same as shaowei. 
Often used in written Chinese, 
shaowei adv slightly, just a little bit 
Shao n spoon 






^J-?-shaozi n ladle, spoon (JC ba) 

Shao I adj small in amount, few, 
little II adv not often, seldom III v be 
short, be missing 

spit shaoliang N small amount, little, few 
shaoshu n minority 
^^CK^shaoshu rnmzu minority 
nationality (non-Han ethnic group in 
China) 

yKshao adj young 



sp^E shaonian n young man (from around 
10 to 16 years old), adolescent 



NOTE: (1) A young woman of around 10 
to 16 years old is called pp; shaonu. (2) 
The word qTngshaonian is often 

used to mean young people collectively. 

Pit shaonu n teenage girl 

P%^k Shaoxiandui n the Young Pioneers 



note: P9t\ X Shaoxiandui is the 
shortened form of P^ptf^k Shaonian 
Xianfengdui. 



Shao trad !p v connect (See 
jieshao.) 

* Shao n 1 sentry 2 whistle 






shaobTng n sentry, aimed guard (% 
ming) 

shaozi n whistle 

^i"?‘chu7 shaozi blow a whistle 
She adj excessive, luxurious 



shechT adj luxurious 
shechTpTn luxury item 
She n tongue 

^“3^ shetou n the tongue 
n snake (^ tiao) 

v give up 

shebude v unwilling to give up, 
hate to part with 

lif# shede v be willing to part with, not 
grudge ^ 

J/L She trad lx v equip, set up 



i5i§- shebei n equipment, installation (# 
jian, S?tao) 

shefa v try to find a way, attempt to 
ijHt sheji I v design II n design, plan 
ijtJL shell v establish, set up 

sheshl n facilities, equipment 
ij££E shexiang v conceive, envision 
bukan shexiang de 
houguo inconceivable consequences 
i ffUr shezhi v set up, establish 



155 




she 






She n association 



tiz; shehui N society 
ttzLh shehui shang in society, the 
general public 

shehuixue n sociology 
shehui zhuyi n socialism 
?±3C shejiao n social life, social intercourse 
?±i£shelun n editorial (H pian) 

„ She n hut, shed (See Tiflir sushe.) 






She trad 3§ v photograph, shoot 
(movies, etc) 

Wifc shesh n Celsius, centigrade 
Mft^m^tt'sheshi wenduji centigrade 
thermometer 

note: China uses Celsius (MR sheshi), 
not Fahrenheit (^R huashi). In everyday 
speech, people usually do not mention M 
R sheshi. So if a Chinese person says 
^ d'AfSio JTntian zuigao 
qiwen ershi'ba du, it automatically means 
The highest temperature today will be 28 
degrees Celsius. 

MM shexiang v make a video recording 
MWJlshexiangjl camcorder 
sheyTng n photography 

sheyTngjia accomplished photog- 
rapher 

sheymgshT photographer 
sheyTng zuopTn a work of 
photography 

She v shoot (a gun, an arrow etc.) 



It 



Itfit she] v shoot, fire 

She v involve (See ganshe) 

shejf v involve, touch on, have some- 
thing to do with 

'/rf she trad f§= pron Same as if; shuf. 
rS Used colloquially. 

shell I n human body II m. wd (for 
clothes) 

— shen xln yTfu a suit of 
new clothes 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



shenbian n close by one’s side, on 
one’s person 

shencai N stature, figure 
#tt^^shencai miaotiao with a slen- 
der figure 

shenfen n social status, identity 
shenfen burning unknown 

identity 

JHHlE shenfenzheng n I.D. card 
shentT n 1 human body 2 health 

note: Although its original meaning is 
the body, #1# shentT is often used in 
colloquial Chinese to mean health. Friends 
often ask about each other’s health in 
greeting: ifcWc&3 . NT zuijin 
shentT zenmeyang? How’s your health 
been recently? 

^ Shen adj 1 deep 2 difficult to 
understand , profound 
shen'ao adj profound, abstruse 

WuL shenchen adj deep, heavy 
^‘dl6tl^shenchen de ai deep love 

M$b shenchu n depths, recesses 

neixln shenchu one’s inner- 
most heart, one’s most private feelings 
and thoughts 

shendu n depth, how deep some- 
thing is 

^J|[ shenhou adj deep, profound 

Mi\L shenhua v deepen 

MM shenke adj incisive, insightful, 
profound 

fl^shenqian n 1 Same as shendu 
2 proper limit for speech or action, 
propriety 

MW shenqie adj heartfelt, earnest 

M& shenqmg n deep feelings 

M^K shenru v enter deeply into 

shen-ru-qian-chu idiom 
explain complicated theories or phe- 
nomena in simple, easy-to-understand 
language. 

Mifi shenxin v firmly believe, be deeply 
convinced 

Mi£ shenyuan adj profound and lasting, 
far-reaching 



156 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



MM shenzhong adj extremely serious, 
extremely grave 
pj-| shell v explain, state 

^ shenbao v 1 declare (at customs) 

2 submit an official report 
$ ijf shenqmg v apply for (a visa, job, 
permit, etc.) 

^iif^ishenqmgbiao application form 
^iWAshenqTngren applicant 

shenqmgshu letter of application 
$ shenshu v give an official explana- 
tion 

/►ft Shen v stretch out, extend 



shengchan 



ft 



shen pron what 






shenzhan v extend, stretch 
Shen trad M as in #dt shenshi 



shenshi n gentleman, gentry 
Shen as in t#U$- shenyin 

shenyfn v groan, moan 

Shen I n god, supernatural being 

DJt^^caishenye the god of money, 
Mammon 

II adj magical, wondrous 

shenhua n mythology, myth 
#15 shenjlng N 1 nerve 2 the mind, 
mental state 

#i52i*jshenjmgbing neuropathy, mental 
disorder, crazy 

NOTE: The formal word for mental disorder 
is jlngshenbing but 
shenjlng bing may be used in everyday 
Chinese. 

shen mi adj mysterious 
#^T shenqi adj miraculous, mystical 
#^ shenqi adj 1 arrogant and cocky 
2 spirited and vigorous 
#tf shenqfng n (facial) expression, look 
shense n appearance, expression 
#<£ shensheng adj sacred, holy 
#i§i shentai N bearing, appearance 
#fllj shenxian n immortal, celestial being 
(fu wei) 



if-& shenme pron what 

shenmede pron and so on, and 
so forth 

Shen v 1 examine 2 interrogate 

IfUif shencha v examine, investigate 
iff /l? shending v examine and approve (a 
proposal, a plan, etc.) 

Iff ft" shenji v audit 
iffff'M shenjiyuan auditor 

shenIT v try (a legal case), handle (a 
legal case) 

1|f|i shenmei n appreciation of what is 
beautiful 

^f^lj shenpan v bring to trial, try 
shenpi v examine and approve 
^|p] shenwen v Same as shenxun 

TOl shenxun v interrogate (by the police) 
shenyi v deliberate, consider 
Shen n wife of one’s father’s 
P younger brother 

shenmu wife of one’s father’s 
younger brother 

shenshen Same as shenmu. 

Used as a form of address 
Il3£ Shen n kidney 

'if shenyan n nephritis 
-y Shen ADV much, very much 

3-M shenzhi adv even, so much so 
Shen adj cautious 

tjtlr shenzhong adj very cautious, 
discreet 

Shen v seep, ooze 



ft 



shentou v seep into, permeate 
sheng v rise, go up 



1 Sheng I v I give birth to, grow 

2 be bom 3 live, grow II adj alive, 
living 

sheng bing v fall ill 

Oif 11 shengchan v produce, manufacture 



157 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



shengchanll 

4*/*^ shengchanll n productive force 
4./^$ shengchanlu n productivity 
shengcun I v survive, be alive II n 
survival 

shengdong adj vivid, lively 
shenghuo I n life 

0 richang shenghuo daily life 
II v live, lead (a life) 

shenghuofei n living allowance, 
stipend 

shenghuo feiyong n cost of 

living 

shenghuo shuTpfng n living 
standards 

shenghuo shuTpfng 

raise living standards 

shengjl n 1 chance of survival, lease 
of life 

— yfxian shengjT a slim chance of 
survival 
2 vitality 

shengjl bobo full of vigor and 

vitality 

4*JJt sheng IT n the physical aspect of 
human life 

shengIT shang physical, physically 
^Ijp^shenglTxue physiology 
shengming n life tiao) 

4i'npf4^ shengming kexue life science 
sheng mi ngli n life force 
shengpa conj for fear of, so as not to 
shengqi v get angry, be offended 
^"fif shengqianN (of a dead person) dur- 
ing his/her lifetime 
£0 shengri n birthday 
i*f4i0 guo shengri celebrate a birthday 
^0^”^ shengri heka birthday card 
4* 04L$5 shengri ITwu birthday present 
shengtai n ecology 
^i&^l^shengtaixuejia ecologist 
shengtai luyou ecotourism 
shengwu n living things 
shengwuxue biology 
shengwu huaxue chemical 
biology, biochemistry 
4* shengxiao v come into effect, 
become effective 



HiM. shengyi n business, trade 
shengyu v give birth to, bear 
4^ shengzhang v grow, grow up 
shengzhf v reproduce 

shengzhf xitong reproductive 

system 

tJU 2 Sheng ADJ I raw, not cooked 
2 unripe 3 unfamiliar 
£if] shengcf N new words and phrases (in 
a language lesson) 

iB£Mji shengcf memorize new words 
£A shengren N stranger 

shengshu adj unfamiliar 

rendishengshu unfamiliar 
with the place and the people, be a 
stranger in a place 

U.W Sheng n one’s sister’s child (See 
<7? ^ waisheng) 

. Sheng n domesticated animal 






14 If shengchu n livestock, domestic 
animal (Sk tou) 

14P sheng kou N pack animal, draught 
animal (e.g. horse, buffalo) (^k tou) 

-zfc* Sheng TRAD s n sound, noise, 

J voice 

shengdiao n tone of a Chinese 
character 

^0^ shengming I n formal statement 
II v make a statement, publicly declare 
shengshi n power and influence, 
momentum 

shengyln n voice, sound 
shengyu n reputation, prestige 
Sheng TRAD M n string, rope 

^-^•shengzi rope, cord (f& gen, tiao) 

1 Sheng n province 

shenghui provincial capital 
shengzhang governor of a province 
/ ± V\ 2 Sheng v 1 save, economize 

2 leave out, omit 

shengde conj in case, so as not to 
^'[H& shengliie v omit, leave out 

shengliiehao n (punctuation mark 
to indicate ellipsis ...), ellipsis 



158 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Dd-. sheng TRAD M v triumph (over), 

I be victorious , defeat 

sheng li I v win a victory II n victory 
=Jgi| Sheng v be left over, have as 
A MJ surplus 

sheng cai N leftovers 
5$]^ shengyu I n surplus, remainder 

II v Same as ^|] sheng 

Sheng ADJ 1 flourishing, prosper- 
1 ous 2 magnificent, grand 3 popular, 
common 

shenchan v produce an abundance 
of, abound in 

shengda adj grand, magnificent 
l&AlftWL. shengda de dianIT a grand 
and elaborate ceremony 

sheng kai v bloom luxuriantly 
shengqfng n great kindness, lavish 
hospitality 

shengxmg v be in vogue, be very 
popular 

Sheng trad HI adj sacred, holy 

shengdanjie n Christmas 
shengda nye Christmas eve 
Ap S hi I v 1 lose 2 err, make mistakes 
II n slip, mishap, mistake 
shlbai I v be defeated, lose, fail II n 
defeat, loss, failure 

shlmian I n insomnia II v suffer from 
insomnia 

shlqu v lose (something valuable) 
shlshi v have an accident 
shlwang adj disappointed 
^•••^Mdui...shlwang be disappointed 
with ... 

shlwu I v make a mistake, muff II n 
fault, error, miscalculation 

shlxiao v (of documents) become 
invalid, expire, (of medicines) cease to 
be effective 

^^shTxue v be unable to go to school, 
be deprived of education 

shlye v lose one’s job, become 
unemployed 

shTyue v fail to keep an appointment 
shlzong v be missing, disappear 



+4J* shffen 

^c^AM shlzong renyuan missing person 
iip shT trad n master, teacher 

l)rpy£ shlfan teachers’ education 
■IrpyGL^Pjc shlfan xueyuan teachers’ col- 
lege, college of education 
jiff'll shlfu n master worker (fi wei) 

note: jjiftfi shlfu is also a polite form of 
address for a worker. For example, an 
electrician or mechanic can be addressed 
as jlrjifll shlfu or, if his family name is ^ 

LT, Li shlfu . 

llip-fe shTzhang n 1 teacher 2 division com- 
mander (in the army) 

shl n poem, poetry (tf shou) 






shige n poem, poetry (H" shou) 
i#A shlren n poet (45 mfng) 
shl v carry out, execute 



sr 



5EIR shTfei v apply fertilizer 
MX shlgdng v (construction work) be 
underway, be in progress 
Jfe&H shTjia v exert, bring to bear on 

dui... shTjia yali put pres- 
sure on . . . 

Mff shTxfng v (of regulations, laws, etc.) 
put into force, implement, enforce 
shlzhan v put out to good use, give 
free play to 

^Jjp ShT TRAD ® N lion 

IfXshlzi lion (^ tou) 

shl trad 'M adj damp, wet 

to 

(MS shTdi-i n humidity, moisture 
(M(l*l shlrun adj moist 
p shi trad H n dead body, corpse 

,F'f$shTtT dead body, corpse (Jl- ju) 
shf num ten 






+2. shfwu fifteen, 15 
Xrh wushf fifty, 50 
A# shffen adv one hundred percent, 
totally, fully 



159 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



"h^r+H shiquan shfmei 

+£+11 shiquan shfmei idiom perfect in 
every way 

~h5L shfzu adv 100 percent, out-and-out 
4A 1 shf num ten 






2 Sh I v pick up (from the ground) 
1 Shf n stone, rock 



shfhuT n lime 

shfhuTshf limestone 
^13^ shftou N stone, rock (#£ kuai) 
shfyou n petroleum, oil 
M shf v lose 

shfben v lose one’s capital (in busi- 
ness ventures) 

p Shi trad v know (See ikiR ren- 
v/\ shi, £jUR zhTshi.) 
iR$J shfbie v distinguish, identify, 
recognize 

ijvS‘Ji$CJC shfbie df you tell enemies from 
friends 

shfzi v leam to to read, become 
literate 

tj-L. Shi trad BtF n Same as 

dianzhong. Used only in writing. 

Bt& shfchang adv often, frequently 
Btf£ shfdai n a historical period, epoch, 
age 

BtM shf'er adv occasionally, sometimes 
B^7^ shfguang n time 

shfhou n a certain point in time, (the 
time) when 

B« shfjT N opportunity, opportune mo- 
ment 

BtfU shfjian n a period of time 
Bj'Ti shfjie n occasion, season 

hehua shengkai de 
shfjie the season when lotus flowers are 
in full bloom 

BtlBj shfke n at a particular point in time 
Bt^J^shfkebiao (railway, coach, etc.) 
timetable 

BtH shfmao adj fashionable, in vogue 
Bffl shfqT n period of time, stage 
BtBt shfshf adv constantly, at all times 



Bf^pt shfshi n current affairs, current 
events 

Bt^ shfzhuang n the latest fashion 
Hl^^lftshfzhuang biaoyan fashion 
show 

Bt^i^it shfzhuang sheji fashion 
design 

/Tf> shf trad Jf I adj real, true II n 
reality, fact 

shfhua n true fact, truth 
^i^^i^shfhua shfshud tell the truth 
shfhul I n real benefit II adj sub- 
stantial 

shfjl I n reality, actual situation 
II adj practical, realistic 

shfjian I v put into practice, apply 
II n practice 

shfkuang n what is really happening 
^l£$fMshfkuang zhuanbo live broad- 
cast 

shffi n actual strength, strength 
junshi shiTi military strength 
shfshi v put into effect, carry out 
shfshiqiushi idiom find out truth 
from the facts, be realistic 
shftT n 1 entity 2 substance 
shfwu n real object 

shfwu jiaoyi barter 
shfxf n practice, fieldwork 
shfxian v materiahze, realize 
gfr shfxfng v put into practice, take ef- 
fect, implement, carry out, institute 
shfyan n experiment, test (JPl xiang, 
tX ci) 

shfyanshi laboratory 
shfyanyuan laboratory techni- 
cian 

shfye N industry and commerce, 
industry 

^ilk^shfyejia entrepreneur, industrialist 
shfyong adj practical (for use), 
useful, handy 

shfz; I adj honest, truthful II adv 
indeed, really 

shfzhi N substance, essence 
^MJlshfzhishang in essence, practi- 
cally, virtually 



160 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



sh'i 



shf n food, meal 



shfpTn n foodstuff (as commodities) 
(# jian) 

^&:Dlk shfpTn gongye food industry 

shfpTn jiagong food processing 
shfpTn shangdian provision 
shop, grocery 

shftang n dining hall 
shfwu n food 

shfydng adj used as food, edible 
shfyu n appetite 

meiyou shfyu have no appetite 
Shi n history (See fbji i IlshT) 






shTliao n historical data, historical 
materials 

Shi n excrement 

Sh vl make, enable 2 make use 
of, apply 

#1# shTde v Same as shT 1 

shTjin v exert all one’s strength 
jjU'np shTming n mission 

burn shTming mission accom- 
plished 

jjsflM shTyong v use, apply 
v sail, drive 

ShT v begin, start (See kaishT) 



* 



shlzhong adv from beginning to end, 
throughout, ever 

Shiv show, indicate 

7K 

TKiE shifan v set an example, demonstrate 
jiaoxue shifan teaching dem- 
onstration 

tfII shiruo v show signs of weakness 
TFJilc shiwei v put on a show of force, 
demonstrate 

t)li)£^J$Ckangyi shiwei protest demon- 
stration 

TFmlU shiyitu n sketch map 

± shi n 1 scholar, gentleman (See flf 
rir boshi, Jriri: hushi, nushi, #<ri: 
shuoshi, ^d: xueshi, i^d: zhanshi.) 



2 non-commisioned officer 

shiblng n rank-and-file soldier, 
private 

5|^sh'i v vow, pledge 

fashi vow, swear, take an oath 
shiyan n oath, pledge 
Sh n family name 



sh'i v wait on, serve 



ft 

# 

#iCshinu maid 

shihou v wait on, look after 
Shi trad IP v 1 explain (See 
T’-p jieshi) 2 let go, be relieved of 
shifang v release, set free 
in. sh'i n 1 the world 2 lifetime 
LtL 3 generation, era 
jthft shidai n generations 

shidai jlngshang have been 
businessmen for generations 
tit^E shiji n century 
jthf?- shijie n the world 
■JttlfJl shijie shang in the world 

Shijie Bolanhui the World 

Exposition 

Shijie Maoyi ZuzhT the 

World Trade Organization (WTO) 

Shijie Weisheng ZuzhT the 
World Health Organization (WHO) 
■ffirIM shijieguan n the way one looks at 
the world, world outlook, ideology 
Sh n 1 municipality, city 2 market 



TT 



iffM shichang n marketplace, market 
shichang jlngji market 

economy 

^TfTi^cai shichang vegetable market, 
food market 

TjT'ffl' shijia n market price 
Tff ^ shimfn n resident of a city, townsfolk 
Tjrft shizhang n mayor 
sh'i n form, pattern 






shiyang n style, type 

sh'i n 1 affair, matter (# jian) 

2 job, work 



161 




shibian 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



^^WSfczhao ge shl zuo try to find 
something to do, try to find a job 
3 accident, something bad 

shibian n military or political inci- 
dent of historical significance 

shigu n accident, mishap (ff jian) 
shigu xianchang scene of an 

accident 

Xi^Mfcgongshang shigu industrial 
accident 

jiaotong shigu traffic accident, 
road accident 

shiji n deed, achievement 
^!t^M*yTngxiong shiji heroic deeds 
^fpf^ shijian n (historic) event, incident 
shili n example, case 
^Pfjf shiqing N Same as ^ shi 



note: ( 1) In many cases, if* shi may be 
replaced by shiqing, e.g.: ^ 

JlH, o Zhe jian shiqing hen 

zhongyao, yiding yao banhao. This is an 
important matter and must be done well. 
At - 'lA'fffe zhao ge shiqing zuo try to 
find something to do, try to find a job. 

(2) Ip shi or ip'ljf shiqing is a noun that 
can be applied widely, denoting any affair, 
matter or business to be done or considered. 
Here is another example: 

Wo jlntian wanshang meiyou 
shiqing zuo. I’ve nothing to do this evening. 



shishf n fact (1$ jian) 

^^Jlshishf shang in fact, as a matter 
of fact 

ipiS shitai n state of affairs, situation 
shixian adv beforehand, in advance 
shiwu n matters to attend to, work 
shiwu gdngzuo routine work 
shixiang n item, matter 

zhuyi shixiang points for 

attention 

Ipik shiye n 1 career 2 cause, undertaking 
4|rt Sh] trad ?jl v watch (See 
dianshi) 

shicha v (of a high-ranking official) 
inspect, observe 

shijue n the sense of sight 



MJj shili n eyesight, sight 

shili ceyan eyesight test 
shiprn guangpan video com- 
pact disc, VCD 

shixian n line of sight 
^jiT-M^dangzhu le shixian block 
one’s view 

MI? shiyi n field of vision 
B shiv 1 be, yes 2 (indicating 
7E existence of) , (there) be 3 (used to 
emphasize the words following it) 
shifei N 1 right and wrong, truth and 
falsehood 

^?i?;i'^rnmgbian shifei distinguish 
clearly between right and wrong 
2 trouble, quarrel 

^#^^bannong shifei sow discord, 
tell tales 

M-shl trad Iff] v decorate (See 
HP zhuangshi) 

^ Shl n room (See bangongshi, 

— - tfcSjiaoshi, y§lg yushi.) 

+4- shl n persimmon (See 

tfP> 



1 xThongshi.) 

L shl TRAD ) 



v suit, fit 



shidang adj appropriate, suitable 
iS-p* shihe v suit, fit 
iiiJf shiyi adj suitable, appropriate 
shiying v adapt to 
shiyong adj applicable, suitable 
'-kl shl v pass, leave 



ilSIifshishi v pass away, die 
note: See note on iti: qushi. 



W"' 1 trad v test, try 

— T shishi/shi yfxia have a try 
shijuan n examination paper, test 
paper (ff> fen) 
i^T shixmg v try out 

shiyan v test, experiment (^ xiang, 
ci) 

shiyong v try out, be on probation 
AM shiyong renyuan staff on 
probation 



162 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



shiyongqT probation period 
shl trad §ni power, force 2 situ- 
ation, circumstances 
shibi adv be bound to, be sure to 
shili n (social) force 
shi n spoon (See yaoshi.) 

.. ShOU v 1 receive, accept 






shoudao receive 
I&T shouxia accept 
2 collect (fee) , charge 
ijfciil shoucang v collect (antiques, col- 

lpctihlp<i ptp "I 

shoucang 

Zhongguo Mfngdai huapfng collect 
Chinese Ming vases 
iMc shoucheng n harvest (of crops) 
l]ft Jt shoufu v recover (lost territory) 
shougou v purchase, buy 
TO3{ft1#sh6ugdu jiage purchasing price 
ijftlH shouhui v take back, recall 
^S^^shouhuf daikuan recall a loan, 
call in a loan 

shouhud I v gather in crops, harvest 
II n gain (of work), achievement, reward 
shoujf v collect, gather 
shoumai v buy over, buy in 
lift A shouru I v earn, receive II n income 
I&to shoushi v put in order, tidy up 
shousuo v contract, shrink 
iJftjnE shouyi n profit, earnings 

fil shouylnjl N radio (f? tai, ^ jia) 
ShOU n hand (K zhT, M shuang) 

XXshou shang in the hand 
^Xyoushou the right hand 
^Xzuoshou the left hand 

shoubiao n wristwatch (#£ kuai) 

note: In everyday usage, shoubiao 
is often shortened to biao: fi 

Wo de biao man le, m de 
biao ji dian? My watch is slow. What time is 
it by your watch? 

XUiW shoudiantong n flashlight, torch 
(K zhT) 



shouxian 

XI5 shouduan N means, measure 
shoufa n trick, gimmick 
XX shougong adj done by hand, made 
by hand, manual 

XXiU'shougongye handicraft industry 
XX z^i§n shougongyipm handicraft item 
Xtll shoujT n cell phone, mobile tel- 
ephone (K zhi) 

Xft shoujin n face towel, towel (^ tiao) 
X£i shoujuan n handkerchief (^ kuai) 
Xtfr shouqiang n pistol (}[“ ba) 

Xl^ shoushi N gesture, signal, sign 
da shoushi make a gesture 
XX shoushu n operation 
XAfi] shoushujian operating room, 
surgery room 

HfcXXzud shoushu perform an opera- 
tion, operate 

X^ shoutao n glove (K zhT, M'J fu) 

X^£ shouxu n formalities, procedures 
itl'XIir ban shouxu go through the 
formalities 

Xz£ shouyi n craftsmanship, workman- 
ship 

XJb shouzhl N finger, thumb 
XUshouzhuo N bracelet 

ShOU v 1 observe, abide by 
2 guard, defend 
XMXshoucainu n miser 
Tpylr shoufa v observe the law 
*XX shouwei v guard, defend 

1 ShO I n the head II adj first 



t ] 



trtlj shouchuang v initiate, pioneer 
liftl'Jfittshouchuang jlngshen pioneer- 
ing spirit 

tt’lilS shoudu N capital city 
tHPl shoulTng n leader, chieftain, chief 
tf® shounao n head 
WMX'Ashounao huiyi summit meet- 
ing, summit 

tlTrf? shouxf adj chief, principal 
ItT^XfJPPX shouxf xiaotfqfnshdu the 
first violinist (of an orchestra) 

Tl§f shouxf zhfxfngguan chief 
executive officer (CEO) 

shouxian adv first, first of all 



163 




It'S shouxiang 

WtB shouxiang n prime minister 
i^HIWtB YTngguo shouxiang the British 
Prime Minister 

Wic shouyao adj of primary importance 
Wfc shouzhang n senior official, ranking 
officer 

t 2 ShOU m. wd (for songs and 
poems) 

“Wit yi shou ge a song 
zjbr ShOU trad H n life, lifespan 

-fc^changshou longevity 
^trp shouming N lifespan 

shouxing birthday boy, birthday 
girl 

j TT? ; shOU v 1 receive, accept 2 suffer, 
be subject to 

^tWshduku suffer from hardship 
^>3 shoufa v be punished, be penalized 
shoulT v (of law courts or lawyers) 
accept and handle a case 

shou pin v be appointed for a position 
shoupin danren 

shouxf fa I u guwen be appointed as 
chief legal advisor 

shoushang v be wounded, be injured 
ShOU v give, award 

fe-? shouyu v confer, award 

shouyu xuewei confer an 
academic degree 

shOU adj thin, lean 

H[|£j shourou n lean meat 

shouzi n lean or thin person 
ShOU v sell 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



WlnM shouhuoyuan N shop assistant, 
sales clerk 

ShOU trad St n beast, animal 

P=t 

AM-W^'renmian shouxln a human 
face with a beast’s heart— a beast in hu- 
man shape 

-WIH shouy n 1 veterinary science 
2 veterinary surgeon, veterinarian 



Shu adj different (See teshu) 

-f-f» shO trad Hr I n 1 book (A ben) 2 
I v style of calligraphy 3 letter II v write 
#4$ kan shu read, do reading 
shubao N schoolbag (H zhT) 
shu ben n book 

^ 7 ^-^-shudaizi n bookworm, nerd 

shudian n bookstore, bookshop (iC 
jia) 

^^shufa n calligraphy 
^'/i^shufajia calligrapher 
shuji n books (collectively) 
shuji n secretary of the Chinese 
Communist Party organizations 
shujia n bookshelf 
^flj shukan n books and periodicals 

shumian adj in written form, written 
shumian yaoqmg written 

invitation 

45 @ shumu N booklist, (book) catalogue 
45 @ cankao shumu list of reference 
books, bibliography 
4514 shupmg n book review 
45lff shush! n book fair, book market 
shuxie v write 
4^5 shux'in N letter 
4lJi shuzhan n book fair 

note: 45JPe shuzhan is the shortening of 
®45llfii tushu zhanxiao. 

h Tf Shu n father’s younger brother 

shush u n father’s younger brother, 
uncle 

note: Mj$L shushu is a form of address 
used by a child for a man around his/her 
father’s age. It is common to put a family 
name before MJ&L shushu e.g. 

Zhang shushu. Also see note on ayi. 

Shu n comb 






I)*-? - shuzi comb (IE ba) 

Shu I adj relaxing, leisurely 
II v stretch, unfold 
shuchang adj free from worry 



164 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



'l^fNB^xmqmg shuchang feel care- 
free 

fHI shufu adj comfortable 
^FBRbii shufu (of a person) not very 
well, be under the weather 

shush'i adj comfortable, cosy 
Shu I adj 1 sparse, scattered 2 (of 
I9IL relationships) not intimate, distant 
II v neglect, overlook 
MiM shuhu I v neglect, overlook II n 
oversight, omission 

shulou n careless omission, slip 
shuyuan adj (of relationships) not 
close, estranged 
rfcg Shu n vegetable 

^^shucai vegetable, greens 

1 ShQ trad fit v lose (a game, a 
1 bet) 

Shu trad III v transport 

HyfcB shuchu v export 
HpH shusong v transport, convey 
liHfl shuxue n blood transfusion 
tj4t Shu adj 1 ripe, cooked 2 familiar 
7V»\ with, well acquainted 

shu Nan adj skilful, skilled 
shuxi adj familiar with, well ac- 
quainted with 
Al shu TRAD M v count 



shuairuo 



^fllaoshu rat, mouse (K zhl) 
Shu trad Ifcj n craft, skill 



A 



shuyu n technical term, terminology 
“ Shll n knot 



3 T 



. Shu n heat, hot season 



IHlt shujia n summer holiday, summer 
vacation 

Shu n potato, yam 

Shu n government office 

M ShlJ trad ivl belong to 2 be 
born in the year of ... 

MU! shuxiang N (lunar calendar) the 
traditional twelve animals that mark the 
cycle of years 
MTshuy v belong to 
£3 Shu n rat, mouse 

m. 



shufu v bind up, fetter 
J j^jA sh U v narrate 

shupfng n commentary, review 
-kjX Shu trad M I n tree (fM ke) II v 
T*ll set up 

$t"P shugan n tree trunk 
shuli v set up, establish 
shu I in n woods 
shumu n trees (collectively) 
shupf n bark 

shll trad M. I n number, figure 
II adj a few, several 
shu'e n amount, quota 

ffcifr shuju n data 

shujuku data base 
shumu N number, figure 

@ queqie de shumu precise 

number 

WA shuliang n quantity, amount 
MA shuxue n mathematics 
Ifc^l^shuxuejia mathematician 
MA- shuzi n 1 numeral, digit (in writing) 
2 figure, number 

til Shuzi xiangjT digital camera 
shuzi shexiangjl digital 

camcorder 

Shll adj vertical 

Si shuli v erect, set upright 

sr hua v brush 

fTo Shua vplay 



Shuai v 1 fall, fumble 2 fall and 
break, cause to fall and break 
Shuai v decline, decay 



shuailao adj old and in declining 
health 

ipffi shuairuo adj feeble, very weak 



165 




til shuaitui 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



jptiM shuaitu'i v become weaker, decline 

JTn gjl shuaitui economic reces- 



M 



Shuai v swing, throw 



n commander in 



TdJljlyuanshuai marshal 
II adj beautiful, handsome 
Shuai v lead, command 

shuailTng v lead, command (troops) 
shuan v tie, fasten 

W 

double 2 a pair of (shoes, chopsticks, 
etc.) 

~ yi shuang xie a pair of shoes 

Hang shuang kuaizi two pairs 
of chopsticks 

shuangbaotai n twins 

M7j shuangfang n both sides, both 
parties 

shuangrenchuang n double bed 
Shuang n frost, frostlike powder 

Shuang ADJ 1 crisp, freshing 
2 straightforward, open-hearted 
shuangkuai adj 1 refreshed 2 
straightforward, frank 3 readily, without 
hesitation 

>#shui trad It: pron 1 who, whom 
2 everyone, anybody, whoever, no 
matter who 
• ShuT n water 



7jC s 



ll^TlCzilaishuT running water, tap water 
JFtK kaishuT boiled water 
shuTchan n aquatic product 
tKJ* 1 i&shuTchanpm aquatic product 
TfCfa shuTdao n paddy rice, rice 
7jC% shuTdian n Same as shuTli 

fadian 

7K%#IJS shuTdian gongying water and 
electricity supply 

shuTdianzhan n Same as 
$i*i shuTli fadianzhan 



TfO#* shuTfen n moisture content 
tRJH shuTguo N fruit 
tKMJJ shuTguo dao penknife 
tRJUE shuTguo dian fruit shop, fruiterer 
7]CJ$ shuTku n reservoir 
TK^IJ shuTli n water conservancy, irrigation 
works 

Tk^'J XU shuTli gongcheng water con- 
servancy project 

TfCfr shuTli n waterpower, hydraulic power 
tRAI shuTli fadian n hydraulic 
electricity 

shuTli fadianzhan hydroelec- 
tric station, hydropower station 
TRUE shuTnf n cement 
tKX shuTpfng n 1 level, standard 2 pro- 
ficiency (in language) 

shenghuo shuTpfng living 

standard 

tfgao shenghuo shuTpfng 
raise the standard of living 

wenhua shuTpfng cultural 
level, educational experience 
7jci shuTtu n water and soil 
TjcXiiit^ shuTtu liushT soil erosion 
tRU shuTyfn n mercury 
7jCii shuTyuan n source of a river, 
headwater 

TfCjTc shuTza n flood, inundation 

shuTzhengqi n water vapor, steam 
tK^ shuTzhun n Same as shuTpfng 

ir hui n tax, duty 

$£#jljshuiwuju tax bureau, Inland 
Revenue Service 

^c^guanshui tariff, customs duty 
shuilu n tax rate 
shuishou n tax revenue 
g Shu lv sleep 

S§^ shuijiao v sleep, go to bed 

note: (1) HU shui and shuijiao are 
often interchangeable. (2) jft is pro- 
nounced jiao in BUj^; shuijiao, but jue in 
juede. 

i§BP;shuimian n sleep 



166 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



sThao 



IW^&shuimian buzu sleep defi- 
ciency 

shuiyl n pajamas, dressing gown 
ItH shuizhao v fall asleep 

> shun trad JI|M I adj smooth II v 1 
[ arrange, plan 2 do at one’s conveni- 
ence 

M# shunbian adv in passing, inciden- 
tally 

JlMflJ shunli adj smooth, without a hitch, 
successful 

jll^- shunshou adj 1 smooth, without 
hitches 2 convenient, without much 
trouble 

jllljf shunxu n sequence, order 
’£4 shuc trad S& v 1 say, speak 2 
VJU explain, tell 
iftfSlif shuG xiaohua tell a joke 
shuofa n 1 wording 2 statement, 
version 

shuofu v 1 persuade 2 convince 
shuohuang v tell lies, lie 
ij&Jl shuolT v reason things out, argue 
\%M shuommg I v 1 explain 2 prove, 
show II n explanation, manual 
ijftllf shuoqfng v plead for mercy (for 
someone) 

ipCl s ^UC trad ‘W v glitter (See iXfjSfc 
shanshuo) 

« shu6 trad 51 adj large, big 



shuoshi n holder of a master’s 
degree 

shuoshi xuewei master’s 
degree, masterate 
=1 sT v take charge of 



w 



U’^sTfa n administration of justice, 
judicature 

Hv£tJl5cs7fa jTguan judicial office, 
judicial system 

sTjT n (professional) automobile 
driver, train driver 

sTIing N commander, commanding 
officer 

sTIing bu N (military) headquarters 



m 



SI PRON this 



note: This character was used in Classical 
Chinese to mean this. In Modern Chinese 
it is normally used just to transliterate 
foreign names, e.g. Cha'ersT for 

the English name Charles. 



Si v tear (a piece of paper) 

IKfMMsT de fensui tear into tiny 
pieces, tear up 

fA sT adj private 



%K siren I adj private, personal II n 
personal relationship 
^AH slyfng adj privately operated, 
private owned 

sTyou adj privately owned, private 
^Ail sTzi adv without permission, secretly 
^A sTzi jueding make a decision 
all by oneself and without permission 
from the authorities 



Si v think 



sTchao n trend of thought, ideologi- 
cal trend 

sTkao v ponder over, think seriously 
sTnian v miss, think of longingly 
S'MftBJn slqian xianghou idiom ponder 
over, weigh pros and cons 

sTsuo v think hard, beat one’s brains 
sTwe n thought, thinking, the process 
of thinking 

sTxiang N thought, thinking 
sTxiangjia thinker 
sTxu n train of thought, thinking 
AA sl trad Uni silk 2 threadlike 
ZS things 

sTchou n silk, silk cloth 
sThao n the slightest, in the least 
t5WM4^4fcmeiy6u sThao bianhua 
without the slightest change, haven’t 
changed in the least 



note: sThao is usually used along- 

side with a negative word. 



167 




5E sT 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 






SI v die 



note: See note on qushi. 
sTwang n death 

^ErTiiEsTwang zheng death certificate 
sTxfng n death sentence 
r SI num four 






0+0 sishf si forty-four, 44 
0:ifct sichu adv here and there, in all direc- 
tions , everywhere 

07 f sifang n the four directions of east, 
west, north and south, all sides 
[Ttj'p s'ij'i n the four seasons, all the year 
round 

0^$p^sTji ru chun (warm and pleas- 
ant) like spring all the year round 
0®A7F simian bafang idiom in all direc- 
tions , from all over 

0I£ sizhT n the four limbs, arms and legs 
0 I£^J& sizhT fada physically strong 
0jil sizhou adv all around, on all sides 
P4$. S num four 






sl v trad M raise (animals) 



i§]f4- siliao n (animal) feed, fodder 
IflJf'F siyang v raise (animals) 

Zzrt SI v watch, await 

'ffjfjl sijl v wait for one’s chances 
sl v seem 



w 



sihu adv it seems, as if 

sishi'erfei idiom sound right but 
is actually wrong 

sishi'erfei de ITIun a 
plausibly deceptive theory, a specious 
theory 

-Ip SI n monastery, temple 

TUX# qlngzhensi mosque 
4*^1 SOng trad fa I adj lax, weak II v 
loosen, slacken (See W& fangsong) 
^ 2s6ng n pine 



songshu pine tree (® ke) 

► SOng trad 1 vi alarm, alert 

2 rise up 

songsong jianbang shrug 
one’s shoulders 

songren tTngwen idiom exag- 
gerate (news) in order to sensationalize 
m sdng trad Sl v praise, extol 

songyang v sing praises of, eulogize 
yv song trad sS v file a lawsuit (See 
k o ij?i£ susong) 

SOng v 1 give as a gift 2 deliver 

3 accompany, take, escort 
j&fL song IT v present a gift to 

i^Aflsong da IT give an expensive gift 
songxmg v see off 

illM^i^fTdao JTchang songxmg see ... 
off at the airport 

jg SOng trad si v chant, recite (See 
Tm #jl beisong.) 

SOU m. wd (used with nouns denot- 
ing boats and ships) 

— M’MffcyT sou yulun a fishing boat 
SOU v search 

soucha v search, ransack 
S&iiE souchazheng search warrant 
soujf v collect, gather 
M^^I4s6ujf zlliao collect data, data- 
gathering 

sousuo v search 
S^EA.sousuodui search party 

sousuo ylnqfng search engine 
Ij^SOU n cough (See kesou.) 

-fcfr* SU trad M- v revive 

'7J' 

suda n soda 

suxTng v regain consciousness, 
come to 

SUN custom, convention 

suhua n traditional saying, saying 
trad 5 J? v tell (See gaosu.) 

susong v lawsuit, litigation 



168 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



^•••|WW^dul...tfchu susong file a 
lawsuit against 

SU trad ® I adj solemn (See 
J/y\ yansu.) II v clean up, eliminate 
ffryit suqTng v eliminate, clean up 
r SU n speed 



iliJit; siidu n speed, velocity 
~=i=~. SU adj 1 plain, simple (See 
pusu) 2 vegetarian 

B^^chTsu eat vegetarian food only, be a 
vegetarian 

5ft Ifl sucai n vegetarian dish, vegetarian 
food 

5ft "it sushi' n vegetarian food 

sushi' zhuyi vegetarianism 
5lhitij£# sushi' zhuyizhe vegetarian (a 
person) 

5ftiE suzhi n (of a person) true quality, 
basic nature 

!t s£l v stay overnight 

sushe n hostel, dormitory 

xuesheng sushe students’ 
hostel (dormitory) 

71^0 SU v mold 



Mf4 suliao n plastic 

Mia suzao v sculpture, portray 

jjj|* SUan adj sour 

/pbf SUan v 1 calculate 2 regard, 

1 consider 

*7 suanle v forget about it, let it pass 
suanpan n abacus (Jt“ ba) 
suanshi adv at last 
w* suanshu n arithmetic 
m suanshu v count 
: it SUan N garlic 

TT 

AUdasuan garlic 

Ejj^ sul TRAD Si CONJ although 

sulran conj although, though 
MijJ. suTshuo Same as sulran, used 
colloquially 



sGnzi 

|7‘;£* SUI trad $1 v let (somebody do as 
PaS he pleases), as you wish 
fit® sui'bian adj casual, informal 

note: &§f|* sui'bian is often used in casual 
conversation to mean like as you wish, 
anything you like, or / have no objection 
whatsoever, e.g.: 

“Pitfflo” "NT he hongcha haishi lucha?" 
"Sui'bian." “Do you want to drink black tea 
or green tea?” “Anything’s fine with me. ” 

[5tJn sui'hou adv immediately afterwards 
I5IEP sui'ji adv immediately, soon after 
sui'shi' adv whenever, at any moment 
sufshf sufdT idiom anytime and 
anywhere, ever 

sufshou adv 1 immediately 2 casu- 
ally, without much thought 

sufshou luan fang put ... 
somewhere casually and without much 
thought 

is* sufyi I adv as one pleases, casually 
II adj random 

Rl^fS^sui'yi chouyang random 
sampling 

15111 sui'zhe prep along with, in the wake 
of 

Sill trad ^M. wd year (of age) 

note: See nianji. 

suTshu n years of age 
-tT^i^^lAshangle suTshu de ren 
elderly person 
suiyue n years 

TjjJe Sll] adj broken, fragmentary (See ® 

Wv posui) 

djsjj Sill n the ear of grain 

i>i& 

m. maisui ear of wheat, wheat head 
Sul n tunnel 






iitsuidao n tunnel 

Sun trad n grandchild 



sunnu n granddaughter 
•fth-^sunzi n grandson 



169 




5$- sun 



Slin n bamboo shoot 



ftfl'zhusun bamboo shoot 
SUn trad tR v damage 

m 

^ii- sunha v harm, damage, injure 
sunhao I v undergo wear and tear, 
deplete II n loss 

tHif' sunhuai v damage as to render unus- 
able, damage 

sunhuai gongwu damage 
public property 

tiLM^Bsunrenliji idiom harm others to 
benefit oneself 

sunshang v damage, harm, hurt 

JMA sunshl I v lose, suffer from damage 
and/or loss II n loss, damage 
SU< v instigate, abet 

R£ji£ suds hi v abet, instigate 
SU< trad ,lf§ v shrink 



suoduan v shorten, cut down 
suoxiao v reduce in size, shrink 
grl 1 SUO m. wd (for houses or institu- 
tions housed in a building) 

— yi suo ylyuan a hospital 

liang suo daxue two univer- 
sities 

gp 2 SUO I n place II particle indicat- 
I ing passive voice 
suode n income, earnings 
J^#$jisu6deshui income tax 
#rif suowei adj what is called, so-called 
BtVX suoyT conj therefore, so 
FJr# suoyou IDIOM adj all 

note: Jj/fW suoyou is (1) used only as an 
attribute, (2) always followed by de 
and (3) often used together with dou. 

suoyouzhi n ownership 
suozai n place, location 
SUO v search, search for (See 
1 tansuo) 

suopei v claim indemnity 
j^Jj X suoqu v ask for, exact 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



$$$&%*& suoqu baommgdan ask for 
an application form 

suoxing adv might as well, simply 
SUO trad HI I n lock II v lock 

SUO as in luosuo 



tt ta pron he, him 

-ftklf] tamen pron they, them 
'fiilA taren pron another person, other 
people 

ta pron it 

u 

m tamen pron (non-human) they, them 
(plural form of ta) 
pron she, her 

Mill tamen pron (female) they, them 
0 v collapse, cave in 

lifrte ta as in tashi 

tashi adj 1 reliable 2 free from anxi- 
ety, reassured 

if 1 " n pagoda, tower (^ zud) 
fibte ta v step on, tread 
Q0 ta v as in fiS'l® zaota 



/\ ta i trad HI I n table, desk (^ 
rr zhang) II m. wd (for machines, big 
instruments, etc.) 

— p? yi tai jlqi a machine 
nXtaifeng n typhoon (i% chang) 

•r taijie n flight of steps, steps 
p $£ Taiwan n Taiwan 
■A tai trad ffi v lift, raise 



fi 



fniti taigao (wujia) raise (prices) 
“ , tai adj peaceful 



170 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



SI tan 



lji$£ tairan adj calm, composed 
^^S^tairan ziruo behave with great 
composure 

-fr tai adv 1 excessively, too 2 ex- 
tremely, really 
taikong n outer space 
taipfng adj peaceful and orderly 
taipfngjian n mortuary 
^Pi^Taipmgyang n the Pacific Ocean 
taitai n 1 Mrs, Madam 2 wife 

NOTE: ( 1 ) While Mrs is used in English- 
speaking countries regardless of class or 
social status, its counterpart j&jx. taitai 
meaning wife is only used in middle- 
class or upper-class circles. (2) Although 
Chinese women often retain their family 
names after marriage, taitai as a form 
of address must be prefixed by the hus- 
band’s family name: Wang taitai 

Mrs Wang (the wife of Mr Wang). 

taiyang N the sun, sunshine 
taiyangneng n solar energy 
-fr- tai trad H n stance 

i&Jg taidu n attitude, approach 

note: Though taidu is glossed as 
attitude or approach , it is more commonly 
used in Chinese than its equivalents in 
English. 

tai v eliminate (See $3$; taotai) 



& 



* tan trad til n trader’s stand, stall 

; tan trad 'M n beach, shoal (See 
shatan) 

tan trad IS v be paralyzed 



W&m tanhuan I v be paralyzed 
II n paralysis 

^T#^^quanshen tanhuan complete 
paralysis 

tan v 1 be greedy 2 be corrupt, 
JM practice graft 
j^TeT tanguan corrupt official 
3 covet, hanker after 



Jt^ctanlan adj greedy, avaricious 
j^IU tantu v hanker after, covet 

tanwu I v embezzle, be involved in 
corruption 

tanwu gongkuan embezzle 
public funds 
II n graft, corruption 

tanwufan embezzler, grafter 
jit'll' tanxln n greed, avarice 
tanzuT adj greedy for food 
ta n trad iS n altar 



Jg 1 



Tiantan the Temple of Heaven (in 
Beijing) 

^ ^ tan n deep pool 

tan n phlegm, sputum 

1JK 

PilUtutan spit 

tan TRAD v talk, discuss 

ViK 

iifc— T tan yfxia talk briefly about, give 
a brief talk about 

tanhua v have a (serious, formal) talk 
tanlun v talk about 
tan pan I v negotiate, hold talks 
II n negotiation (IP* xiang) 

tantian v talk about everything under 
the sun, shoot the breeze, chitchat 
tan n carpet, rug, blanket 

ditan carpet, rug 
guatan tapestry 
^-^•tanzi n blanket (^ tiao) 

tan adj 1 candid, frank 2 level, 

AJzL smooth 

prngtan (of land) level, flat 
iSfi tanbai v 1 confess to (crimes or 
wrongdoing) 2 be frank, be candid 
iifiifei^tanbaide shuo to be frank with 
you, to tell the truth 
iijnL tanke n tank (military vehicle) 

M-J ta n n charcoal 

M 

ta n n carbon (C) 

— ^fil^eryanghuatan carbon dioxide 



171 




SHtan 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



PI 



tan trad n|t v sigh 



tang v lie 



PX'H tanqi v heave a sigh 
•j ^r? ta n v 1 explore 2 spy 3 visit 

jSciKI tance v survey, probe 

tanqln v visit one’s parents, visit 
relatives 

tansuo v explore, seek, search for 
tantao v explore and discuss, inquire 
into 

tantao...de kexmgxing 
explore the feasibility of ... 

tanwang v go to see, visit 
^M^Atanwang bingren visit some- 
one who is sick, visit a patient 
tanxian v venture into, explore 
^f^^tanxiandui exploration team 
l^f^llitanxianjia explorer 

.tang trad Wu n soup ($E wan) 



W 



fUJII tangguo N candy, sweets 
tang CONJ if, in case 

j^^tangruo conj if, in case 



^ t ang M . 



wd (for trips) 



Wm he tang eat soup 
MHittangchi' n tablespoon (JE ba) 
m tangyuan n stuffed dumpling made 
of glutinous rice 

AlA. tang I n 1 main room, hall (See # 
■~i . 'm' shitang.) 2 relationship between 
cousins of the same paternal grandfather 
^3^^tangxiongdi male children of 
one’s father’s brothers 
IIm. wd (for a period of lessons) 
Jl^^H^i^shangwu you san tang ke 
three classes in the morning 
tang n chest 

‘tang n the Tang Dynasty (ad 
618 - 907 ) 

jffAWtangrenjie n Chinatown 
_j^jj tang n dyke, embankment 

jhti? tang n sugar, candy (^ kuai) 



yfy tang TRAD W adj boiling hot, 

' , scalding hot, burning hot 
tao n big waves 

tao v inundate, flood 

m 

taotao bujue adj talking on and 
on in a flow of eloquence 

v pull out, draw out 

$p£?tctao erduo pick one’s ears 
pguj tao n pottery 

P§§^taocf n pottery and porcelain, 
ceramics 

tao n as in putao 

tao v wash in a pan or basket 

taojTn pan for gold 
M'Hi taoqi adj naughty, mischievous 
$B^Ulltaoqigm a naughty child, an imp 
taotai v eliminate through competi- 
tion 

taotaisai (in sports) elimination 

series 

tao n peach 

$t$£taohua peach blossom 
$($ttaoshu peach tree 
M-^taozi peach (K zhi) 

4ilk v 1 ^ ee ’ mn awa y (from danger, 
i punishment, etc.) 2 evade, escape 
iEiHi taobi v evade, shirk 

taobi zeren evade responsibil- 
ity 

taopao v run way, take flight 
taoshi I v evade paying taxes 
II n tax evasion 

taoxue v play truant 
taozou Same as taopao 
* tao trad n't v ask for, demand 



it 



172 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



taohao v 1 fawn on, toady to 2 be 
rewarded with good results 

chili bii taohao work hard 
only to get negative results, do a thank- 
less job 

taojia huanjia v haggle over 
prices, bargain 

ill&taolun I v discuss, talk over II n 
discussion (#C ci) 

itBt taoyan I adj vexing, disgusting II v 
find vexing, find disgusting 

taozhai v press for repayment of a 
debt 

tao m. wd set, suit, suite (for a col- 
lection of things) 

— yi tao ylfu a suit of clothes 
liang tao jiaju two sets of 

furniture 

adv particularly, especially 

$£#!] tebie I adj special II adv especially 
^$j?7ii£I>Ltebie xmgzhengqu special 
administrative region 

techan n special local product or 
produce 

#jlfc ted adv hereby 

tedian n special features, charac- 
teristics 

teding adj specific, specified, special 
^^^J^j^tedingde tiaojian special 
condition 

tekuai adj express 

^[^/t^tekuai huoche express train 

tekuai zhuandi express delivery 
^IStequ n special zone 
$£tXtequan n privilege 

tese N distinguishing feature 
^rp^lcteshu adj special, unusual, excep- 
tional 

^^i^Wteshu jiaoyu special education 
tewu n special agent, spy 
teyi adv for a special purpose, 
specially 

tezheng n salient feature 
"jrfc teng n vine, rattan 



tisheng 



m 



UHputaoten grape vine 
teng v gallop, jump 

‘ teng v 1 ache, hurt 



H^ftengyi rattan chair 



3M£tou teng headache, have a headache 
2 love dearly, dote on 

note: teng in the sense of ache , hurt 

is a colloquial word. You can use -lit tong 
instead of ^ teng to mean ache, hurt. 

tengtong adj pain, ache, soreness 
quanshen tengtong aches and 
pains all over 

4~¥| tl n ladder, steps (See NiL^ diantT, # 
V f# loutT.) 
j jj| 3 tl v kick 

W&tl qiu play soccer 
W£$1J zuqiu play soccer 

tl v 1 carry in the hand (with the arm 
down) 2 mention, raise 
JJBlii^ti jianyi put forward a proposal, 
make a suggestion 
JifnJMtf wenti raise a question 
tjyfl tf'an n proposal (ifr fen) 

tfba v promote (to a higher position) 
v*} nP I! ixJJt tfba wei bumen jTngIT 
be promoted to branch manager 

tfbao n handbag, shopping bag (K 
zhl) 

JUJU tichang v advocate, recommend 
tigang n outline 
tfgao v raise, advance, improve 
tigong v provide, supply 
tijiao v submit to, refer to 
tilian v extract and purify, refine 
timing v nominate (for a/an position/ 
election) 

flltlf tiqian v put ahead of schedule, 
advance, bring forward 
IJP& tiqu v withdraw, collect 
tll?£^lfctiqu cunkuan withdraw money 
from a bank account 
flP&fr^tiqu xing collect luggage 
tisheng v promote (to a higher 
position) 



173 




fH/K ti'shl 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



tishi v hint, tip 
H|r] tfwen v put questions to 
mm tfxmg v remind, call attention to 
Jill tiyao n abstract, synopsis 
miX try'i I v propose II n proposal 
H-P- tfzao v Same as $|i!u tfqian 

t trad Ini topic, title 2 question, 
a problem 

tfcai n subject matter, theme 
iHIi! tfmu n 1 question for an examina- 
tion, school exercises, etc. (M dao) 2 
title, subject 
Dj^ tf N hoof 

/■Jr* tl trad if I n 1 body 2 substance 
II v personally do or experience 
$£$1 ticao n gymnastics 

tThui I v learn, realize, gain intimate 
knowledge through personal experience 
II n personal understanding 
flERtTjf N volume (mathematics) 
till n physical strength 
tTliang v show understanding towards, 
be sympathetic to, make allowance for 
tTliang taren de nanchu 
understand and sympathize with other 
people’s difficulties, empathize 

tlmian I adj respectable, decent II n 
dignity, face 

tltie v give every consideration to, 
give loving care to 

tlwen n body temperature, tempera- 
ture 

tTxian v give expression to, embody 
tTyan I n personal experience II v 
learn through one’s personal experience 
tTyu im physical education, sports 
tfyuchang n stadium, sports field 
tlyuguan n gymnasium 
tTyu ke n physical education (PE) 
lesson 

'ffcfjj] tlzhi n (organizational) system, 
structure 

tTzhi n physique, constitution 
i^lfl tfzhong N (body) weight 
1^=1 t adj be on the alert (See WfM 



t jingti) 



m* v shave 

ass 



huzi shave one’s beard 
m ti n 1 tears 2 snivel (See bi'ti) 



tl n drawer (See chouti) 

I U± 

1 replace, substitute 2 Same as 
H iu gei prep 

^f^tldai v substitute for, replace 
tihuan v replace, displace 
tian n 1 sky, heaven 2 day 3 
yv weather 

^^C^Laotianye Heavens (a colloquial 
term that denotes “God” or “Nature”) 
3^^" tiancai n genius 

tiandi n field of activity, scope of 
operation 

tiankong n sky 
3^^ tianqi n weather 
tianran adj natural 
3c^%tianranqi natural gas 
tianse N time of the day 
tianshang N in the sky 
tiansheng adj inherent, natural 
tiantang n paradise 
3^3^ tiantian n every day 
5c3^l*0-t tiantian xiangshang make 
progress every day 

tianwen n astronomy 

tianwentai astronomical observa- 
tory 

5c3^^^tianwenxuejia astronomer 
;3c~F tian xia n under heaven, in the 
world, on earth 
^C^tianxian N antenna 
;3c£Pi1t!Tian zhldao! idiom Only God 
knows! 

tianzhen adj 1 simple and unaf- 
fected, ingenuous 2 naive, gullible 

tianzhujiao n the Catholic Church, 
Catholicism 

3^ii&t^Tianzhujiaotu member of the 
Catholic Church, Catholic 
tian v add 

m 



174 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



Bjfi# tingjiang 



H tian n farmland (esp. paddy fields), 
fields 

zhongtian grow crops, farm 
Bi& tiandi n farmland, field 
BIftianye n farmland and open country 
tian v fill in (a form, blanks as in 
an exercise) 
tianbu v fill, fill up 
Jtjjpia tianxie v fill out (a document) 
m ti§ ° v take one’s pick, choose, select 



^$kM^dong-tiao-xI-jian choose this 
and pick that, spend a long time choos- 
ing, be very choosy 
Mi^tiaoxuan v select 

tiao trad I m. wd (for things 
with a long, narrow shape) 

— yi tiao he a river 

liang tiao yu two fish 
II n 1 strip 2 item, article 
tiaojian N 1 condition 
XtS^f^shenghuo tiaojian living 
conditions 

gongzuo tiaojian working 

conditions 

2 requirement, prerequisite 

tiaokuan n clause (in a contract, an 
agreement, etc.) (Jpf xiang) 
tiaoli n orderliness 
^^Jiyou tiaoli well-organized 
tiaoli n regulation, rule 
tiaowen n clause, article, item 
tiaoyue n treaty, pact (#)■ fen) 
^Xtiaozi n informal note (jjfc zhang) 
5^Xgei ta liu yi zhang 
tiaozi leave a brief note for him 
>m tiao trad Mvi adjust 2 mediate 
3 provoke, tease 

iJffH tiaohe v 1 mediate, reconcile 2 
compromise 

iMl] tiaojl v adjust, regulate 
tiaojie v regulate, moderate 
iHl^^tiaojieqi regulator, conditioner 
tiaojie v mediate, make peace 

tiaojie jiufen mediate disputes 
jlfilt tiaopf adj naughty, mischievous 
11 H tiaozheng v adjust, rectify 



4 JL tiao v 1 poke, pick up 2 stir up, 
instigate 

tiaobo v instigate, sow discord 

tiaobo tongshi 
zhljian de guanxi sow discord among 
colleagues 

tiaox'in I v provoke II n provocation 
^M^J^guyi tiaoxin deliberate provo- 
cation 

tiaozhan v challenge to battle, 
challenge to a contest, throw down the 
gauntlet 

tiao v jump, leap, hop 

tiaodong v move up and down, beat 
jUfeiU tiao gao n high jump 
NtfiFKiK chenggan tiaogao pole vault, 
pole jump 

j$l$t tiao sheng n rope-skipping, rope- 
jumping 

tiao shuT n diving 

tiaoban tiaoshuT springboard 

diving 

©E'p ®bfCtiaotai tiaoshuT platform diving 
tiao yuan n long jump 
Hi&®l^sanjf tiaoyuan hop, step and 
jump, triple jump 
tiaowu v dance 
tiaoyue v jump, leap 
jt-iyif tiaozao N flea (M zhT) 

JUr" trad v paste, stick 

nr* n invitation card 

ijflWj qTngtie invitation card 
kA* tie trad ifc n iron 



if 

njr 



tiedao n Same as tielu 
tielu n railway (^ tiao) 
ting trad H n hall (See 
canting.) 

ting trad UK v 1 listen 



Off J)tL tlngj ia n hear 
2 heed, obey 

HjfiiS' tlnghua v heed, be obedient 

RJfi$ tingjiang v listen to a talk (or lecture) 



175 




tingqu 

tingqu v hear (one’s subordinate’s 
report, complaint, etc.) 

Hjri& tlngshuo v hear of, it is said 
tlngxie n dictation, do dictation 
Bjf ik tlngzhong n audience (of a radio, a 
concert, etc.) 

ting n pavilion, kiosk 

2j£-?tingzi pavilion, kiosk 

tfng v 1 stop, park (a vehicle) 

^"Fyfctmg xialai come to a stop 
2 stay over 

tfng bo v (of ships) lie at anchor, 
anchor 

tingche v stop a car, park a car 
f^^jgjtingchechang parking lot, car 
park 

i$Wl trngdun v pause 

tmgliu v stop and stay for a short 
while, stop over 

tmgzhf v suspend from one’s duties 
(as a disciplinary action) 
ffl^lh tfngzhT v stop, cease 

tmgzhi v stagnate, be at a standstill 
J® tin ^ n front courtyard 

jUPjt tmgyuan N courtyard and garden 
ting n light boat (II sou) 

^^.ISjiushengtTng lifeboat 
+tqT ting I adv very II adj tall, upright, 
jXi erect 

note: $£ tTng and hen share the same 
meaning, but ting is a colloquial word. 

tfngba adj tall and straight 

tlngli v stand upright 

tong I v 1 (of roads, railways) 

L lead to, go to 2 go through without 
blockage 3 understand, comprehend 4 
notify, give notice II adj 1 (of language) 
grammatical, logical 2 in general use 
illfft tongbao I v (of government offices) 
circulate a notice II n circular, bulletin 
iit'ft' tongchang adj general, usual 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



ijflifl tongdao n thoroughfare, passageway 
iMR tongfeng N ventilation 
ilJxlP tongfengkou ventilation opening 
tongfeng xi tong ventilation 

system 

lEef tonggao I v give public notice, an- 
nounce II n public notice, announcement 
Mii tongguo I v pass through II prep 
through, as a result of 
ilM tonghang v be open to navigation or 
air traffic 

ii£l tonghong adj very red 

tong hud pengzhang N inflation 
tonghuo pengzhang 

check inflation 

ift#F tongjian v commit adultery 
M F«f tongshang v (of countries) have 
trade relations 

iljll tongshun adj (of writing) coherent 
and smooth 

tongsu adj easily understood and 
accepted by common folks, popular 
iMf&llr^tongsuduwu light reading, 
popular literature 

iMfs tongxin v exchange letters with, 
correspond 

ilffT tongxmg v pass through 
jEfTHEtongxmgzheng pass, permit 
ilitl tongxun n communication 
Miilfitongxun she n news service 
tongyong v be in general use 
tongzhT I v notify, inform II n notice 
^^tong n child 

tongnian n childhood 
p=t tong I adv together, in common 
II prep with, along with III adj same, 
alike IV conj and 

[i]#t6ngban n companion 

tongbao n fellow countryman, 
compatriot 

tongbu adj at the same time, syn- 
chronic , simultaneous 
f^/^JlMtongbuweixTng synchronous 
satellite 

[5]^f tongdeng adj of the same rank 
(status, grade, etc.) 



176 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



[hJIt tong hang adj of the same trade or 
occupation 

tonglei adj of the same category 
(kind) 

[UM tongmeng n alhance, league 
[WJ'IW tongqfng I v sympathize with II n 
sympathy 

IUBt tongshf adv at the same time, simul- 
taneously 

[W|ifl tongsh'i n colleague, co-worker 
[UM tongwu n roommate, flatmate 

tongxinglian n 1 homosexuality, 
homosexual love 2 (a person) homo- 
sexual, gay, lesbian 
|SJ^ tongxue n classmate, schoolmate 
^I^J^Iaotongxue former schoolmate 



note: In Chinese schools, teachers address 
students as tongxuemen,e.g.: |hJ 

Tongxuemen, 

women xianzai shangke le. Class, we’re 
starting class now. 

tongyang adj same, similar 
IW] — tongyT adj identical, same 
[h]m tongyi v agree, approve 
|ij^ tongzhi N comrade 

note: tongzhi used to be the most 

common form of address in China before 
1980. Now it is seldom used. The com- 
mon forms of address in China today are 
xiansheng (to men) and /Mfl xiaojie 
(to women, especially young women). 



tong trad fll n copper, bronze 
tong n section of thick bamboo 



ttM zhutong a thick bamboo tube 
tong v poke, stab 

tong n bucket, pail (K zhT) 

Irfc tong trad adv together 



tongcheng v generally be known as 
tongchou v plan as a whole 
Iftth tongji I v add up II n statistics 



touzT 



— tongyT I v unify, integrate II adj 
unified 

tongzhi v rule 

tongzhi jiejf ruling class 
: tong v Same as ^ teng v 1 



•lini? tongku adj painful, tortuous 
Jjpf'life tongkuai adj overjoyed, very 
delighted 

ft t6u v steal, pilfer 

touqie v steal, pilfer 
fpfft toushui v evade taxes 

toutou adv stealthily, on the quiet 
>| tOU trad II 1 n 1 the head 2 head, 
chief, leader II adj first, first few 
III m. wd (for cattle or sheep) 

— yi tou niu a head of cattle (or 
buffalo/cow) 

liang tou yang two sheep 
3^^ toufa N hair (on the human head) 

(f£ gen) 

AM tounao n brains 
AMftMP-tounao jiandan simple-minded 
& tou v 1 throw, toss 2 join 



toubiao v make a bid, lodge a tender 
j&j* 1 touchan v go into production 
$l$Ct6ufang v 1 throw in, put in 2 put 
(goods, funds) on the market 

toujT I v 1 engage in speculation 
rfi$£tJlhudbi toujT currency specula- 
tion 

2 be opportunistic II adj opportunistic 
l£#l4HPt6ujTfenzi opportunist 

toujT adj agreeable, of the same mind 
l tan de hen toujT have a most 
agreeable conversation 

toupiao v cast a vote, vote 
$tAtouru v put into, invest 

tousu I v complain formally 
II n formal complaint 

touxiang v surrender, capitulate 
touzhi v throw, hurl 
touzT I v invest 

ktou zT zai yi jia hezT 
qlye invest in a joint venture 



177 




if tdu 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



II n investment 

^^^JlUtKtouzT de hufbao return on an 
investment 

tOU I v penetrate, pass through 
II adj thorough 
tdumfng adj transparent 
i^^JStoumfngdu transparency 
tu adj protruding 



ft 



w 



tudi n apprentice, pupil 
tu v slaughter 

tufu n butcher 
Mlk tiisha n massacre 
^tU trad M v smear, spread on 



► tu n way, route 

tujing n way, channel 
tu n soil, earth 



±' 



i$c tQ adj bald, bare 

/L 

cfr i tu adj protruding 

7t 

tuchu I v give prominence, highlight, 
emphasize II adj prominent, conspicu- 
ous 

^2tU adv suddenly, unexpectedly 

it 

^iir tuji I n sudden attack II v make a 
sudden attack 

tupo I n breakthrough II v achieve a 
breakthrough 

^^turan adj sudden, abrupt, unex- 
pected 

rkftu trad HI n 1 picture 2 chart, 

C ! diagram (*& zhang) 

®fjttu'an n pattern, design 
HliUtubiao n chart, diagram, graph 
zhang) 

HI® tuhua n picture, painting, drawing 
(& zhang) 

HDt tupian N picture, photograph 
tushu n books 
tushuguan n library (SI zuo) 
HUt^tuxiang n picture, image 
MB tuxrng N graph 
tuzhT n blueprint 
^dbtu n apprentice 



zhife tudi n land 

±S tudou n potato (K zhT, #£ kuai) 
iiH turang n soil 

IBi^l$:iltJ|feiwd de turang fertile soil 
tu v spit, exhale 



tu v vomit, throw up 
tu n rabbit, hare 



ni 1 
p± 

% 

jfe-f-tuzi rabbit, hare (K zhT) 

|~nt tuan trad 15 I n (military) regi- 
ment, group, team 
f^C^33daibiaotuan delegation 
Ifcif33 gewutuan song and dance troupe 
luxmgtuan tour group 
II v unite, get together 
33 ^r tuanjie v unite, be in solidarity with 
331^ tuanju v reunite 

lao tongxue tuanju 
reunite with old classmates 
333^ tuantf n organization, group 
33 M tuanyuan n 1 member of a delega- 
tion, group, etc. 2 member of the Chinese 
Communist Youth League 
33® tuanyuan v reunite with family 
members 

333s: tuanzhang n 1 head of a delegation 
2 (in the army) regiment commander 
-WJ; tuT v 1 push, shove 2 shirk, shift 
3 infer, reason 4 put off, defer 
#£ifj tulce v infer, suppose 
tulchi v postpone 
tuTdong v push forward, promote 
tulfan v overturn, overthrow 
tS-f 1 * tulguang v popularize, spread 
tuTjian v recommend 
3^® tuljin v promote, advance 
#£fjttuTIT I v infer, reason II n reasoning 
by way of inference, inference 

tullun I v infer, deduce II n conclu- 
sion based on inference 



178 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



ffiM- tuTsuan I v work out (with figures), 
calculate II n calculation 
$£$£ tuTte n (microblogging service) 
Twitter 

tuTxiao v promote (sale), market 

tulxiao xTnchanpm promote 
a new product 

Wf tuTxfng v carry out, pursue, imple- 
ment 

tuTxuan v elect, choose 
n;H tuT N leg (M tiao) 



iM tu ' v move back, retreat 

il/Jr tuibu v retrogress, fall behind 
iHjt£ tuihuan v return 
il® i^U tuihuan ITwu return a gift 
illfc tuikuan v refund, ask for refund 
ill'll tuixiu I v retire II n retirement 
tuixiujTn N pension 
. "7 7^ tun v swallow 



tun n village 
tUO v entrust, ask 



££ 

tuo'ersuo n nursery, child-care 
center (# t suo) 

m tu6 v drag on, defer, procrastinate 

tuoyan v delay, put off 
tJ£4 tUC v 1 take off (clothes, shoes, 
ftjt etc.) 

fl&^cIUtuo yTfu take off clothes 
Iftfli'jptuo maozi take off one’s hat 
IftHtuo xie take off one’s shoes 
2 get out of (See baituo) 
jj&jS} tub If v break away from, sever 
tuoluo v drop, come off 
tUC n camel 



W 



* tUO as in #110 tuoyuan 

ire 

mm tuoyuan n oval 
ffllM^tuoyuanxmg oval shape 
Tv? tUO adj appropriate, proper 

3C 



waid'i 

tuodang adj appropriate, proper 
tuoshan adj appropriate and satis- 
factory 

tuoxie v, n compromise 
tUO v open up (See JFIH kaituo) 



w 



. tUO n saliva 
PH^tudmo saliva, spittle 



W 

W 3 v dig, scoop, excavate 

H wajue v dig, excavate, unearth 
jj-h W3 particle Same as PH a II 

n frog (See qingwa.) 

wa n baby, child 

wawa baby, child (-f* ge) 

£::*■ wa n tile (>t pian) 

1CM wajie v disintegrate, collapse 
4 -fc wa trad HI n sock, stocking 



#^-?-wazi stocking, sock (K zhT, M 
shuang) 

l^'^P’chuan wazi put on socks, we 
socks 

I&^Tptuo wazi take off socks 
wa adj not straight, askew, 
IH crooked 

waiqu v distort, misinterpret 
wai n outside 






waibian n outside 
waibiao n outward appearance, 
exterior 

waibTn n foreign guest, foreign visi- 
tor (fi wei) 

waibu n exterior, what is external 
waichu v go outside, leave town 
waidi n parts of the country other 
than where one is 



179 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



waiguan 

waidiren one who is from other 
parts of the country, not a native 

waiguan n exterior, surface, outward 
appearance 

waiguo n foreign country 
#HH1n waiguohuo foreign products, 
foreign goods 

^HUAwaiguoren foreigner 
waihang I adj lay, not trained 
II n layman 

£HII waihui n foreign exchange 

waihui chubei foreign cur- 
rency reserve 

waihui duihuanlu exchange 

rate 

waijiao n foreign affairs, diplomacy 
Waijiao bu Ministry of Foreign 

Affairs 

waijiao guan diplomat 
waijie N the external world 
waike n department of external 
medicine, surgery 

waike ylsheng surgeon 
waili n external force 
wailiu v outflow 

A4"^h^*rencai wailiu brain drain 
waimian n Same as £|d£ waibian 
waipo n (maternal) granndma 
waisheng n one’s sister’s son 
waishengnu n one’s sister’s 
daughter 

waishi n foreign alfairs 
^h^ftbwaishichu foreign affairs office 
waitou n outside, outdoors 
waiwen n foreign language (espe- 
cially its writing) (I'd men) 

waixiangxmg adj export-oriented 
^hfnl^5^waixiangxmg jTngji export- 
oriented economy 

waixfng n appearance, external form 
waiyT n coat, outer clothing 
waiyu n foreign language (f J men) 
waizT n foreign capital, foreign 
investment 

waizufu n (maternal) grandfather 
waizumu n (maternal) grand- 
mother 



wan as in $fc_5L wandou 

StE 

wandou n pea 

Tfrt wan trad ®f adj curved, tortuous 



wanqu adj curved, zigzagging 
yrtt wan trad itt n bay, gulf (See ^ 
Taiwan.) 

Wan adj naughty, stubborn 

MEH wangu adj 1 stubborn, pig-headed 
2 difficult to cure 

wan pi adj naughty, impish 
wanqiang adj indomitable, tenacious 
wan n bolus, pill (fl li, $ljj> ke) 



% 



wan v finish, end 

7C 

chiwan finish eating, eat up 
kanwan finish reading/watching 
IB;mydngwan use up 
zuowan finish doing 
wanbei adj perfect, complete 
wanbi v complete, finish 
wancheng v accomplish, fulfill 
wandan v be done for, be finished 
wanquan adj complete 
tgH wanshan v make perfect, perfect 
wanzheng adj complete, integrated 
rziwan v have fun, play 






ijtM wanju n toy (4* ge) 
Itg# wannong v play with 
jftJL wanr v play, have fun 



note: Though 5cJL wanr is often glossed 
as to play, its basic meaning is to have 
fun or to have a good time. It can refer to 
many kinds of activities and therefore has 
a very wide application. An example: _t 
Shang 

XingqTtian women zai haibian wanr de 
zhen gaoxing. We had a wonderful time by 
the seaside last Sunday. 



wanxiao n joke, jest 
Jf kai wanxiao play a prank, crack 
a joke, pull someone’s leg 



180 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



%tM)l wanyir n 1 plaything 2 stuff, thing 

note: JtcHJL wanyir is normally used 
with some contempt to suggest “insignifi- 
cance” or “unworthiness”, similar to ^ 
dongxi. The expletives ff^ifiLSUL? 
Shenme wanyir? and 
JL? Ta shi ge shenme wanyir? may be 
roughly translated respectively into What 
trash! and Who does he think himself is? 






Wan v salvage, draw, pull 



■mW. wanjiu v rescue, save 
rt&i Wan I adj late, not on time II n 
> u evening, night 

B&fH wanbao n evening paper ({ft fen) 
Bjfe# wancan n Same as wanfan, 
used formally. 

RMfc wanfan n evening meal, dinner, sup- 
per dun) 

f^BM&zuo wanfan prepare supper 
B&ic wanhui n evening party, an evening 
of entertainment 
B&^ wannian n old age 
B&± wanshang n evening 
^7 5cB&_t C^Bfe jlntian wanshang 
(jlnwan) this evening 

(H^fl&) zuotian wanshang 
(zuowan) yesterday evening 
^ wan v be sorry for, sigh 

't^fs wanxT v feel sorry (for someone or 
about something) 

% ifllt M'l^f h wei langfei rencai 
er wanxT feel sorry about the waste of 
talents 

► wan n bowl (M zhi) 



w 



■ ■ 'm m ...wanfan ... bowl(s) of rice 
|^$iicaiwan a dish bowl, big bowl 
^^Sfanwan rice bowl, livelihood, job 
TRAD ^ * NUM ten t ^ 10USan ^ 

— yfwan liangqian sanbai 
twelve thousand and three hundred, 
12,300 



wangba 

12+73 er shf wan two hundred thou- 
sand, 200,000 

II n a very large number III adv (negative 
sense) absolutely 

note: 7j wan (ten thousand) is an impor- 
tant number in Chinese. While English 
has four basic digits (one, ten, hundred 
and thousand) Chinese has five (+ ge 
one, -f* shf ten, fa bai hundred, + qian 
thousand, 7 j wan ten thousand ). The 
Chinese use 7f wan to mean ten thousand. 
Therefore a hundred thousand is +73 shf 
wan. In Chinese- speaking communities 
in Southeast Asia, some people use ~p 
+ shiqian for ten thousand, e.g. H~p+ 
sanshiqian 30,000. This is, however, not 
acceptable in standard Chinese. 

wanfen adv extremely 
wansui interj Long Live 
7T7j wan wan adv under no circumstanc- 
es, never ever 

7f — wanyl I conj in the unlikely event of, 
in case II n a possible but unlikely event, 
contingency 

Xt-f+Tf — iftiW{5?iduifu wanyl de qfng- 
kuang cope with a contingency 

wanweiwang n World Wide Web 
(www) 

Wang ADJ (of water) vast 



m' 



wangyang n vast expanse of water 
qp l wang n king 

KH wangguo n kingdom 

Danmai wangguo the King- 
dom of Denmark 

~~r^ 2 Wang n (a family name) 



V 

e 



jia) 



Wang v perish, die 

Wang v treat unfairly, wrong (See 
yuanwang) 

Wang TRAD n net, network 
l wangba n Internet cafe (H* zuo, ^ 



181 




wangluo 

wangluo n Internet 

wangluo dianhua Internet 

phone 

wangluo dianshi Internet TV 
mmm (Nil) wangluo jTngcha 
(wangjlng) Internet police 
wangqiu n tennis 
I^J^jwangqiuchang tennis court 
|wj]/t wangye n web page 
wangzhan n website 
Wang I PREP towards, in the direc- 
tion of II v go III adj previous, past 
ji.'B wangchang adv habitually in the 
past, used to 

wangfan v journey to and from, 
make a round trip 
-{i.M wanghou adv from now on 
tijpl^B-Fwanghdu de r'izi the days to 
come 

wanglai I v come and go II n contact, 
dealings 

ik^-^i^yewu wanglai business dealings 
wangnian n (in) former years 
-fiH wangri n in former times, in the past 
wangshi n past events, the past 
IHt^^Vliufyl wangshi recollect past 
events, reflect upon the past 

wangwang adv very often, usually 
‘ Wang ADJ flourishing 



HI' 



-jzz* Wang ADJ preposterous 

HHI wangtu v try in vain 

wangxiang I v attempt in vain 
II n vain hope 

-jf^ Wang v forget, overlook 

J&iB wangji v forget, overlook 
wangque v forget 

tm wang v look at, gaze into the 
L \ distance 

wangyuanjing n telescope, 
binoculars 

fa™" adj perilous II adv by force 

jaiiF weihai I v harm severely, jeopardize 
II n severe harm, damage 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



j&ftl weijT n crisis 

j&M, weijf adj in acute danger, critical, 
perilous 

jaF^weixian I adj dangerous, risky II n 
danger, risk 

Wei n awesome force 

weifeng N power and prestige, man- 
ner or style showing power and prestige 
lliicJ^lshua weifeng throw one’s weight 
around 

MUj weili n formidable force, power 
weiwang n enormous prestige 
lillJj' weixie I v threaten II n threat 
^^^cSifrgoucheng weixie pose a threat 
weixin n popular trust, prestige 
ft tiling zai tongshi 
zhong xiangyou hen gao weixin enjoy 
high prestige among colleagues 
>£UjL we adj tiny, of extremely small 
amounts, minute 

wei buzu dao idiom negligibly 
small, extremely tiny 

weiguan adj microcosmic, micro- 
Inlft weixiao adj tiny, of very small amounts 
weixiao v smile 

as in weigan 

UiftF weigan n mast 

[H wei trad H v enclose, suiTound 

m$L weigong v besiege, lay siege to 
HI ft weijTn n scarf tiao) 

HI^ weiqi n weiqi (a Chinese chess game, 
also known as go) 

"FHI^xiaweiqr play weiqi 
W& weirao v 1 move around, encircle 
2 center on, focus on 
p|wei adv only 

note: In some cases, Pfl is also written 
as fH wei. 

weidu adv only, alone 
weiwulun n materialism 
Ht'l>i£weixTnliin n idealism 
— weiyf adj the only one, sole 



182 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



weiyu 



^ we l! trad ti= v preserve, safeguard 

weihu v safeguard, defend 
weishengsu n vitamin 
weixiu v keep in good repair, main- 
tain (a machine, a house, etc.) 
we trad 5 M v disobey, violate 

weibei v go against, violate 
i3T/lr weifa v violate the law, break the law 
iiLfX. weifan v run counter to, violate 
iME weifan v break (the law, regulations, 
etc.) 

weifan caiwu guiding 

breach financial regulations 
M | we trad v 1 be, become 2 do, 
TV act 

weinan v 1 make things difficult for 
2 feel awkward 

>& 3 {iKlVNF weinan de sh'iqmg some- 
thing one finds difficult to cope with, 
some perplexing matter 

weiqT adv (to be completed) by a 
definite date 

wei qT bu yuan will take place 

soon 

— JUS weiqT yi xlngql will last a 
week 

Alt' weishou v be headed by 

yi dongshizhang 

weishou de daibiaotuan a delegation 
headed by the chairman of the Board of 
Trustees 

Alt weizhT v up to, till 
3?!j'”ftil:dao...weizhT up to, until 
J=? Wei n tail, end 

ME weiba n tail (^ tiao) 
we v entrust 



weiqu v 1 feel wronged, nurse a 
grievance 2 inconvenience someone 
weituo v entrust 

HJtz; weiyuanhui n committee ("t* ge) 
r wei trad adj big 



ft 



Wei adj false 



ft A weida adj great 



ft ia weizao v forge, counterfeit 
— fen weizao de wen- 
jian a forged document 
-’jj wei trad Hi v defend, protect 

TLA weisheng n hygiene, sanitation 
AATLA geren weisheng hygiene, 
personal hygiene 

^ATLA gonggong weisheng sanita- 
tion, public sanitation 
iA^iTLA huanjing weisheng environ- 
mental sanitation 

TLA fa] weishengjian n bathroom, (pri- 
vate) toilet 

TA^j weishengju n (government) health 
department 

TLM weixlng n satelhte 
TLM Mil weixlng dianshi satellite TV 
A is TLM renzao weixlng man-made 
satellite 

M | wei trad prep (do, work) for 
the benefit of, in the interest of 
ft'fnf weihe adv what for, why 
ftT weile prep for the purpose of 

note: Both % wei and AT weile can 
be used as prepositions and have similar 
meanings, but AT weile is more com- 
monly used in everyday Chinese. 

A ft A weishenme adv why, what for 
we adv have not, did not 



A' 



NOTE: A wei is only used in rather formal, 
written styles. In everyday Chinese, 
meiyou is used instead. 

weibi adv not necessarily, may not 
wei la i n future 
weimian adv rather, a bit too 
w-weii m. wd (polite term used for 



it 



people) 



fp yf wei laoshT a teacher 
II n position, location 
tvrj 1 weiyu v be situated in, be located in 



183 




fiS weizhi 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



fvW weizhi n 1 place, location 2 (ab- 
stract) position 
|j-j^ wel n taste, flavor 

weidao N taste 

weijlng n monosodium glutamate 
(MSG), gourmet powder 
EE3 Wei n stomach 



f Wei v be called (See suowei) 



v console (See anwei) 



MIr] weiwen v express sympathy and 
solicitude for 
pFj wei v fear 

vc 

Hfjl weiju v fear, dread 

rtm 1 Wei interj 1 hey 2 hello, hi 

Hpc 



note: In telephone conversations wei 
is equivalent to hello. In other contexts, 

HU wei is a rude way of getting people’s 
attention. It is more polite to say 
& duibuql, e.g.: 

BM? Duibuqi, xiansheng, nfn de piao ne? 
Excuse me, sir, where’s your ticket? 



jjEfl 2 wei v feed 



' 

2 review (one’s lessons) 
wendai n temperate zone 
® wendu n temperature (atmospheric) 



note: 7m.® wendu generally refers to at- 
mospheric temperature only. For body tem- 
perature the expression is tfwen, e.g.: 
Rende zhengchang 
tiwen shi duoshao? What is the normal 
temperature of a human being? When a 
person has a fever, however, redu is 
used to refer to his/her temperature, e.g.: 
Ta jTntian redu hai 
hen gao. He is still running a fever. 



without extreme temperatures 

wenhe de qihou mild, 
intemperate chmate 
2 (of people) gentle, mild 
iiHt^ifUyuq'i wenhe mild tone 
WH§L wennuan adj warm 
/mill wenrou adj (of people) gentle and 
soft, soothing 
u-j=p Wen n plague 
/dm 



$§$£ wenyi n epidemic, pandemic (i% 
chang) 

wen n 1 writing, script 2 culture 



JCit wenhua n culture 

Wenhuabu Ministry of Culture 
wenjian n 1 document ({$■ fen) 

2 (computer) file 

wenmang n illiterate person 
^0^ wenmmg I n civilization, culture 
II adj civilized 

"jCfni wenpfng n diploma, certificate of 
academic achievements (^c zhang) 
'jCK wenren n man of letters, literati 
wenwu n cultural relic, historical 
relic 

wenwu shangdian antique 

shop 

wenxian n document, literature 
wenxue N literature 
^t^^wenxue jia (great) writer 
wenya adj refined and elegant 
wenyan n Classical Chinese 
3tW ’X. wenyanwen Classical Chinese 
writing 



note: Before the 20th century mainstream 
Chinese writing was done in JC W wenyan 
Classical Chinese, which was based 
on ancient Chinese and divorced from 
everyday speech of the time. A literate 
revolution took place in early 20th cen- 
tury, which succeeded in replacing 3t]tT 
wenyan with baihua, plain speech, 
vernacular. 



wenduji n thermometer wenyi n literature and art, perform- 

wenhe adj 1 (of climate) temperate, ing arts 



184 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



wenyi wanhu'i an evening of 
entertainment, soiree 
jtjpi wenzhang n essay, article (M pian) 
wenzi n written language, script, 
character 

wenzi chulT word processing 
A-A* wen trad n ripple (See | fotjt 
tjk zhouwen) 

$T e " n mosquito 

i&St-Fwenzi mosquito (K zhi) 

I^T" trad Kl n what is heard 

1^1^ wenmfng adj well-known 
(^wen v, n kiss 

wen trad HI adj steady, stable 

/\j§\ 

flit wendang adj reliable, safe 
— ge wendang de 
banfa a reliable method 
fi/E: wending adj stable 

wentuo adj safe and appropriate 
fiTl w ® n TRAD ^ v 1 as k ( a question), 
inquire 2 ask after, send regards 
wenda n questions and answers 
w6nd£tf (in tests, exercises, etc.) 
question requiring an answer in writing 
(not a multiple-choice question) 

[n]#? wen hao v ask after, give greetings to 
I’nJM wenhou v give regards to, ask after 
[njj& wen lu v ask the way 
I'nJtfi: wenshi v be published, come into 
being 

|5JJ® went! n 1 question (ill dao, for 
school examinations only ) 2 problem 
f£Wl*0Jli meiyou wentf no problem 
Went n old man 

m 

(^ weng ONOMATOPOEIA buzz 
WO n nest, lair 



niaowo bird’s nest 
wonang I v feel vexed and annoyed 
wonangqi be subject to 
petty annoyances 



5c wu 

II adj (of people) useless, good-for-nothing 
WO pron I, me 

Ucff] women pron we, us 
WO v lie 



EM 



JSMfcffcJS wochuang xiuxi lie in bed and 
rest 

EMU woshi n bedroom (I'bJ jian) 
y-T. WO adj (of land) fertile (See 
lA feiwo) 

Jg WO v hold, grasp (See bawo) 

wdshou v shake hands 
WU adj black, dark 



4 



wuye v sob 

WU I n filth II v smear, defile 



J=r#| wuya N crow (K zhi) 

J=j7C wuyun n dark clouds 
v toot, hoot 

mma 

p 

fell wumie v slander 
'/5^c wuran I v pollute II n pollution 
M wQ n witch 

wushu witchcraft 
M-H wupo n witch 

TRAD ^ v accuse falsely 

®pT wugao v file a false charge against 
idEH wumie I v slander, vilify II n slander 
®Pj| wuxian v frame 
®Pa^?Awuxian haoren frame an in- 
nocent person 
t=t WU n house, room 



H-? wuzi n room (|hJ jian) 

NOTE! M-p wuzi in the sense of room is 
only used in north China. To southern 
Chinese M"? wuzi may mean house. To 
avoid ambiguity, it is better to use the 
word fangjian for room. 



% 



WU trad M I n nothing, nil 



185 




Stfc wubi 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Jftftl&ffi cong wu dao you grow out of 

nothing 

II v have no 

fttt wubi adj matchless, unparalleled 
5cjH wuchang adj free, gratis 
ftWlffl& wuchang fuwu voluntary 
service 

5c?lh wuchi adj shameless, brazen 
fthk wucong adv having no way (of do- 
ing something), being in no position to 
ft wucong shuoqT don’t know 

where to begin 
5ni£wufa modal v unable to 

wufei adv nothing but, no more than 
wu hua ke shuo idiom have 
nothing to say 

ft PT^M=f wu ke fenggao idiom No com- 
ment 

wu ke naihe idiom have no 
alternative (but) 

ftM wulT adj unreasonable, unjustifiable 
5E9QRM wulT qunao make trouble 
without any justification, provoke delib- 
erately 

^nl|ljP wuliao adj 1 bored 2 silly, meaning- 
less 

5ci£wulun conj Same as T'lf buguan. 

Tends to be used in writing. 

5ci&#n$T wulun ruhe idiom no matter 
what, at any rate 

fttb^jt) wu neng wei li idiom be totally 
powerless 

5n1it wuqfng adj ruthless, heartless 
ft/^ftSL wu qfng wu yi idiom cold-heart- 
ed and merciless 

ft$j wuqiong adj infinite, boundless 
ft$&Qfe wu sheng dianhua n cordless 
telephone 

ft wushu adj innumerable, countless 
ftfiftM wusuowei v doesn’t matter 
ftffM¥% wu suo zuowei idiom make no 
effort, be in a state of inertia 
ftWl'fift wu wei bu zhi idiom meticulous, 
sparing no effort, paying attention to 
every detail 

5c^^FM^jMMwu wei bu zhi de 
zhaogu meticulous care and attention 



5cPj| wuxian adj infinite, limitless 
^C^&wuxiandian n (wireless) radio 
fti%W$rP\ wuxian yTntewang wireless 
Internet 

ftffli wuxiao adj invalid 

wuyi' adv undoubtedly, beyond any 
doubt 

ftM wuyi adj unintentional 
^C^^^^^&wuyi zhlzhdng faxian 
discover by chance 
~T~" WU num five, 5 



1LM.%L]M wu xlng hong qf the five-star 
red flag (the Chinese national flag) 

WU num five, 5 



WU n noon 



m 

ft 

ft'fli wufan n lunch ($j/j dun) 
wujian n lunchtime 
^F'lU'f^Mwujian xiuxi lunchtime break 
WU n military 






wuli n military force 
itfr$f&wuli jiejue deal with (a situa- 
tion) by force 

wuq n weapon (# jian) 

shashang 

wuqi weapon of mass destruction (WMD) 
ji£7fc wushu n martial arts 

wushu dash! martial arts 

master 

wushu guan martial arts school 
wuzhuang I v arm, equip 

wuzhuang dao yachi be 
armed to the teeth 
II n arms 

IWiu^Ejiechu wuzhuang lay down 
arms, be disarmed 
v insult 

wuru I v insult, humiliate II n insult 
4n£ WU n dance 



wubi I n fraud, fraudulent practice 
ff$£jj|wubi an a case of fraud 
II v commit a fraud 



186 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



#4^ xTshao 



|3| wudao N dance 
wuhu'i n ball 

huazhuang wuhu'i fancy dress 

party 

In' wutai n stage, theater 
1JT wutlng n dance hall 

dfsTke wutlng discotheque, 

disco 

WUv meet (people) 



n 



XI n west, western 



Bn 

adv do not, don’t 

1 things, objects 2 material 

wujia n price, commodity price 
wulT N physics 
wuli n material resources 
pn wupm n article, goods 
wutl n object, substance 
llik wuye N real estate, property 
^ik^Jlwuye guan IT property manage- 
ment 

wuzi n goods and materials, supplies 
Wll trad M I v work, to spend one’s 
efforts on II adv must, be sure to 
wubi adv must, be sure to 
/=f=? Wll TRAD f§ N fog, mist 

WU v realize 

m 

tntfjTilPll wuchule daoli come to see 
the light, begin to understand 
iPHtfdunwLi epiphany 
^ P Wll trad adj erroneous (See Ih 
ilc cuowu) 

wucha N (in physics) error 
wuhui I v misunderstand, miscon- 
strue II n misunderstanding 
wujie v misunderstand 
3£wu v loathe (See yanwu) 



Wit xlbei n northwest, the Northwest 
15 ifr xlbian n west side, to the west, in 
the west 

Bllr xlcan n Western-style meal 
xlcanguan n Western-style 
restaurant 

B7T xlfang n the West, Occident 
BUHxIfu N Western-style clothes, men’s 
suit 

ffijH xlgua n watermelon (K zhl) 
xThongshi n tomato (K zhl) 

Bffi xTmian Same as B5& xlbian 
Blf xTnan n southwest, the Southwest 
BM xlyl n 1 Western medicine 2 doctor 
trained in Western medicine (fi wei) 
4 I BM^n y o*?n?TZh6ngxTyT jiehe zhiliao 
treat (patients) with a combination of 
Chinese and Western medicine 
Xl ADJ c ^ ear ’ distinct (See '/fflUr 
Pj/T qTngxi) 

^3 XT n (metal) tin (Sn) 

DR v 1 inhale, suck (See huxT) 

2 absorb, suck up 

xldu I v take drugs II n drug-taking, 
substance abuse 

xTqu v absorb, draw in 

xTqu jiaoxun leam a lesson 
(from past experience) 
xTshou v suck up, absorb 
xTyan I v smoke II n smoking 
H&3I xlyTn v attract 

xTyTnli n attraction 
^^^1 ~h you xTyTnli attractive 
XT v wish, hope 

xlwang I v hope, wish II n hope 
xl adj 1 rare, scarce 2 watery 

xlfan n rice porridge 
xTshao adj scarce, few and far 
between 



187 




xiyou 

renyan xlshao sparsely 

populated 

xiyou adj rare 

xlyoujlnshu a rare metal 
n dusk, twilight 

PH xlyang the setting sun 
j k-ffr XT v 1 cherish, treasure (See ^ 
0 fa zhenxT) 2 have pity on (See nf 
'It kexi) 

X trad Wk n sacrifice 



w 



xTsheng I v sacrifice, give up II n 
sacrifice 

^]7- XT v know (See shuxi.) 

Xi n small stream 

m 

/J VJt xiaoxi a small stream 
XT n knee 



g XT v cease (See xiaoxi, fAi> 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



xfsu N accepted custom, custom 
xftf n exercises (in school work) 
l xf n seat 



JT 



l^xTgai knee 

JJ xlvo 

vtlS xiuxi.) 

XT v extinguish (fire) 

/© 

MA xTmie v (of fire) die out, be extin- 
guished 

m xf daughter-in-law 

xffu n daughter-in-law 
erxffu daughter-in-law 

note: In some dialects, xffu may also 
refer to a wife, e.g. qu xffu to get a 

wife, (for men) to get married. 

XI trad R v attack, raid 

HiEr xi'jT v (of troops) attack, raid 
^Mltffrturan xfjT sudden attack, 
launch a sudden attack 
-^-t X" trad W I v practice, exercise (See 
^>1 lianxf, xuexf) II n custom, 
habit 

>?'[ § xfguan I n habit II v be accustomed 
to, be used to 

^ 'If ± xfguan shang habitually 



iTlaibTnxf visitors’ seats 
xfwei n seat 
xT v wash, bathe 

xTchen v give a welcome dinner 
xTdf v wash, cleanse 
xTdfji detergent 
xTshoujian n toilet, restroom, 
washroom 

note: xTshoujian is a common 

euphemism for toilet. The formal word for 
toilet is lyfilf cesuo. 

xlyljT n washing machine ( o’ tai) 
xTzao v take a bath, take a shower 
xTzaojian bathroom, shower 
room (Same as yushi.) 

-=fcp XT I v be fond of II adj happy, glad 

l T7 l . 

1=1 

** xT'ai v be fond of, love 
tf xThuan v like, be fond of 
xTque n magpie (K zhT) 

note: In Chinese folklore, xTque the 
magpie is an auspicious bird, the harbinger 
of good tidings, hence xTque. 

jij^ xTshl n happy event (especially a 
wedding) 

banxTshi arrange a wedding 
#ijl xTxun n good news, good tidings 
If xTyue adj happy, joyful 

XI n narrow gap (See kongxi) 

■^Ji.Xi trad iti n drama, play (di chu) 

xTju n drama 

-Z? X I n department (of a university) 

MBEH xi zhuren chair of a (university) 
department 
xilie N series 
— ‘Mfl] yfxilie a series of 



188 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



Jifctjt xltong n a group of items serving a 
common purpose, system (J5 tao) 

Am XI trad M adj 1 thin, slender (of 
objects shaped like a strip) 2 small, 
tiny 

Mty xisha fine sand 
3 meticulous (See WM xiangxi) 
xibao N (in biology) cell 
xijie N details 
xijun n bacterium, germ 
xixiao adj tiny 

xixTn adj very careful, meticulous 
xizhi adj careful, meticulous 
Dd* Xia adj blind 



rfjnp xia trad 4U n prawn, shrimp (X 
zhT) 

n gorge 

xiagii n gorge, canyon 
Xia adj narrow 

<fflixia'ai adj narrow 

xiazhai adj narrow, narrow and 
limited 

'frJWfilW? xlnxiong xiazhai narrow- 
minded, intolerant 

;§Te* Xia n rosy clouds, morning or even- 
: ing glow 

xia trad Hr v govern (See 
guanxia) 

T 1 Xia I prep below, under, under- 
neath 

iLlT shanxia at the foot of a mountain or 
hills II v 1 go/come down 2 leave off, 
finish 3 issue, deliver III adj low, inferior 
~F$E xia ban v get off work 
Till xiabian n below, under 
T T xiache v get off a vehicle 
Till xiada v make known to lower levels 
Tf*i xiagang v be laid off, be unemployed 
TpijTAxiagang gongren a worker 
who has been laid off, an unemployed 
worker 

T£& xiaji n lower level, subordinate 
TPt xiajiang v fall, descend 
TiH xia ke v finish class 



T3fc xia la i v come down 
T^’J xia lie adj listed below 
T^t xialing v issue an order 
T^i xialuo n what has happened (to 
someone), whereabouts 
tT B A”$T^dating...de xialuo inquire 
about (someone’s) whereabouts, try to 
find what has happened to (someone) 
Tffi xiamian Same as Till xiabian 
Tir xiaqu v go down 
Tn xiatai v 1 step down from the stage 
2 lose a position, fall from power 
TT xiawu n afternoon 
T^ xiaxiang v go to the countryside 
TtO xiaxun n the last ten days of a month 
T$? xiayou n lower reaches (of a river) 
Til xia zai v download 

T 2 xi m. wd (used with certain verbs 
to indicate the number of times the 
action is done) 

rt-p Xia trad llvi frighten, scare 
2 be frightened, be scared 
IT A xiaren adj frightening, terrible 
eET Xia n summer 



X A xiatian n summer 
•{ch xia n v lift, lift up 



A 



xianqT v set off, start 

Xian adv first (in time sequence) 



A ,,, S" , xian...Zcii... first ... and then ... 
m xianfeng n pioneer 
AJn xianhou adv one after another, suc- 
cessively 

Aiftxianjin adj advanced 
Alu xianqian adv previously 
AT xiansheng n 1 teacher 2 Mister (Mr) 
3 sir, gentleman 4 husband 
Atf xianxfng v go ahead, precede 

Xian trad IT adj 1 fresh 2 bright, 
brightly-colored 3 delicious 
xia n hong n bright red, scarlet 
xianhua n fresh flower, flower 
(tk duo) 

xianmmg adj bright, clear, distinct 

illfiL xianxue n blood 



189 







xianyan 

xianyan adj gaily-colored 
xiam trad I® n fiber 



xiam trad TO adj idle, unoccupied 



xianwei n fiber 

flJj N i mmorta l 

llJjA xiannu n fairy maiden 
{lllAxianren n immortal, celestial 
IIX xian TRAD R ADJ viltUOUS 

xianhiri adj (of women) kind and 
wise, virtuous 

Xian trad ® I v 1 hold in the 
mouth 2 join, link up II n rank, title 
junxian military rank 
$jflc xianjie v link up, join 
'3-4^ Xian n string (of a musical instru- 
ment), bowstring 
fcp* xian TRAD m ADJ salty 

yff 1^1 qingxian leisurely, carefree 
xianhua n chat, gossip 
PflA xianren n idler, uninvolved person 
xianshi n matter that does not 
concern you 

l xian I v dislike, complain II n 
*- suspicion 

i^^bixian avoid suspicion 
UtM xianyf n suspicion 
E 3 xian trad M v appear, look 
ilk. 

MU 1 xiande v appear to be, seem to be 
JU& xianran adv clearly, obviously 
MtK xianshi v show, manifest 
MM xianzhu adj remarkable, outstand- 
ing, notable 

RA^xian trad ADJ dangerous (See 
HSL^weixian.) 

Xian trad m n (rural) county 

Jt-M xiancheng n county town, county 
seat 

xianzhang n mayor of a county 
f Xian trad M n now, at present 



w 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



MM xianchang n 1 (crime, disaster, etc.) 
scene 2 on the site, on the spot 
^i&Sfc^shigu xianchang accident 
scene 

M$L xiancheng adj ready-made 
MW xiandai N modern times, the contem- 
porary age 

MWW xiandaihua I v modernize 
II n modernization 
M£ xian jin N cash 
M%% xianqian Same as xianjTn 
M^< xianshf I n what is real, reality, 
actuality II adj realistic 
M$k xianxiang N phenomenon 
Mfr xianxfng adj currently in effect, in 
effect 

Mfr'i£'§' xianxfngfaling decrees in ef- 
fect, current laws 

MM- xianzai n the present time, now 
MVt xianzhuang n current situation 
Xt/t Xian v 1 get bogged down 2 get 
! trapped, be framed 

PSllF xian ha i v make a trumped-up charge 
against, frame 

PSA xianru v get trapped, be caught in 
J+ft Xian n filling, stuffing 

tn 

iSJLxianr filling, stuffing 
All xian trad M. n string, thread, wire 
(fll gen) 

xianlu n circuit, route 
xiansuo N clue, lead (in a police case) 
^^S^^faxian xiansuo discover a clue, 
find a lead 
POT" v limit 

PHH: xiandu N limitation, limit 
^SiiPS^chaoguo xiandu exceed the 
limit 

POT xianqT I n time limit, deadline II v set 
a time limit, impose a deadline 
PIIStgJ^C xianqT wancheng must be 
done (finished, completed, etc.) by the 
deadline 

PH^ xianyu v be confined to, be limited to 
PlTBtl0]5cM xianyu shfjian guanxi 
owing to the time limitation 



190 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



Pitt? 1 ] xianzhi v limit, restrict, confine 
Xian trad jS N statute 

xianblng n military police 
xianfa n constitution 
Xian v admire, envy 

Hill xianmu v envy 

± K Xian trad J$ v offer, dedicate (See 
nJ/v gongxian) 

xianshen v give one’s life for, devote 
oneself to 

^ Xiang TRAD $$ n rural town 

xiangcun n rural area, countryside 
xiangxia n countryside, rural area 
xiangzhen n townships and villages 
^l^dkikxiangzhen qTye township and 
village enterprise, rural industry 
r xiang ADV each other, mutually 



*r 



^0tb xiangbT v compare 
^011 xiangcha v differ, differ from 
$3=5 xiangdang I adj suitable, appropri- 
ate II adv fairly, rather, quite 
^0^f xiangdeng v be equal 
^0^t xiangdui adv relatively, compara- 
tively 

^0^t^}j£xiangdui laishuo relatively 
speaking 

W^i&xiangdu'ilun theory of relativity 
xiangfan adj opposite, contrary 
^0$f xiangfu v conform to, agree with, 
tally with 

shishf xiangfu conform 

with the facts 

^05c xiangguan v be related to, be inter- 
related 

$321 xianghu adj mutual, each other 
xiangji adv in succession, one after 
another 

^03C xiangjiao v intersect 
+0iR xiangshf v be acquainted with, come 
to know 

^t0iH laoxiangshf someone you have 
known for a long time, an old acquaint- 
ance 



-¥-^f xiangyou 

^0{^[ xiangs adj similar to, be alike 
^0i® xiangtong I v be linked with each 
other II adj mutually comprehensible, 
compatible with 

^0I§J xiangtong adj identical, same 
^0|§ xiangxin v believe, believe in 
^0Jjy xiangying adj corresponding, 
relevant 

xiangying cuoshT appropriate 

measures 

tap Xiang trad M v 1 set into, set 
2 mount 

Xiang ADJ I fragrant, sweet-smell - 
ing, aromatic 2 savoury, appetizing 
xiangchang n sausage (f& gen) 

#1# Xianggang n Hong Kong 
xiangjiao n banana gen) 
xiang wei n sweet smell, fragrance 
xiangyan n cigarette (j$C zhl) 
xiangzao n toilet soap, bath soap 
Ok kuai) 

Xiang N box, chest, trunk 

ft"? xiangzi n trunk, box, suitcase (H zhT) 

M Xiang n wing (of a house), wing 
room 

chexiang (train) carriage 
xiang trad p¥ adj detailed 

xiangxi adj in detail, detailed 
xiang ADJ auspicious (See pf# 
-jixiang) 

Xiang v circle in the air, fly (See H 
T&j I® feixiang) 
xiang v enjoy 

xiangfu v enjoy a happy life, live a 
blessed life 

xiang le v indulge in material comfort 
$ih3Ej£xiangle zhuyi hedonism 
xiangshou I v enjoy II n enjoyment, 
pleasure 

ff^JfL^jTngshen xiangshou spiritual 
pleasure 

xiangyou v enjoy (rights, prestige, 
etc.) 



191 




Ufa xiang 

Xiang trad H 1 ADJ loud, noisy 
II n sound, noise 

B|rI^ xiangliang adj loud and clear, 
resounding 

H[nJ)= xiangsheng n sound (especially loud 
sounds) 

xiangying v respond, answer 
^ xiang v i think 

xiang yfxia think for a while, 
give ... some thought 
2 think back, recall 3 miss, remember 
with longing 

xiang banfa v think of a way (to 
do something) 

xiangfa n what one thinks, idea, 
opinion 

xiang fang she fa idiom try 
every means, do all one can 

xiangnian v miss, remember with 
longing 

WM xiangxiang v imagine 

xiangxiangll imaginative power 
*g xiang as in xiangsheng 

xiangsheng n comic dialogue, comic 
cross-talk 

+H Xiang n narrow street, alley (^ 
tiao) 

“^^l^^y'itiao shen xiang a long alley 
l xiang trad n the neck 

Jj3!f]£ xianglian n necklace (^ tiao) 

dai yi tiao zhenzhu 
xianglian wear a pearl necklace 
-rp+ 2 Xiang trad EH m. wd item of 
something (for things that are com- 
posed of items or things considered to 
be components) 

— yi xiang renwu a mission 
JHeI xiangmu n item 
^ 1 xiang n elephant (Sk tou, K zhT) 

note: Chinese often fondly refer to 
elephants as daxiang. 

MM xiangqf N chess (M'J fu, ££ pan) 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



BRMMftgutirp xiangqf Western chess 
‘t’HIIM^Zhongguo xiangqf Chinese 
chess 

T — S^M&xia yi pan xiangqf play a 
game of chess 

^ 2 xiang Same as {§. xiang I v 

MM- xiangzheng I n symbol II v symbolize 
/fe Xiang I v resemble, take after, be 
like II n likeness of (a human being), 
portrait (i® fu) 

jMW xiangyang adj presentable, up to the 
standard 

Xiang n rubber, rubber tree, oak, 
oak tree 
^#£xiangjiao n rubber 

xiangjiaoshu rubber tree 
xiangpf n eraser (#£ kuai) 

►£-* Xiang I v face II PREP in the direc- 
tion of, towards III adv all along, 
always 

xiangdao n guide 
Ip] lr I uyou xiangdao tourist guide 
fpJ3iE xianglai adv always, all along 
fnj£E: xiangwang v yearn for, look forward 
to 

Xl’ao v 1 vanish, disappear 2 dispel, 
I R remove 

xiaochu v clear up, dispel 
xiaodu v disinfect, sterilize 
iHH xiaofei v consume 

xiaofeipln consumer commodi- 
ties, consumer goods 

xiaofeizhe consumer 
flt'ffcxiaohua v digest 
Sfl^RxiSohua buliang indigestion 
f^fcj^^xiaohua xitong digestive 
system 

xiaoji adj lacking enthusiasm, 
passive 

xiaomie v eliminate, wipe out 
xiaoshT v disappear, vanish 
xiaoxi n news (^ tiao) 

Xiao n night (See tcW yuanxiao) 



W 



jk Xiao trad ffl v 1 sell, market 



192 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



xiaolu 



fjB’fl^changxiaoshu bestseller (book) 

2 cancel, annual 

xiaohul v destroy (especially by 
burning) 

xiaohuT zuizheng destroy 
incriminating evidence 
xiaolu n market, sale 
HM&xiaolu hen hao (of a commod- 
ity) have a good market 
xiaoshou N sale, market 
li'&oPxiaoshoubu sales department 
xiaoshou'e revenue from sales, 
sales takings 

llllllxiaoshduliang sales volume 
^|J Xiao v peel with a knife 

t’J^^xiao prngguo peel an apple 
|||.XiaO v confuse (See $1?-# hunxiao) 

J. Xiao adj 1 small, little 2 being a 
child, young 

^Vj^JLxiaohair young child, child 

note: “/Jn xiao + family name,” like 4 s 
^ Xiao Li, is a casual, friendly form of 
address to a person younger than oneself. 
See note on lao for forms of address 
like Lao LT. 

/JvfM xiaobian I n urine 
^MHT&xiaobianchf urinal 
II v urinate 

/Jvj| xiaofei n tip, gratuity 
^h'fcJC'Xxiaohuozi n young man, lad 

note: See note on guniang. 

/JaM xiaojie N 1 young lady 2 Miss 

note: /Mi xiaojie is a common form 
of address to a young (or not so young) 
woman. If her family name is not known, 
just use /Mi xiaojie. /Mi xiaojie is also 
the form of address for a waitress or 
female attendant. 

/Jilt xiaokang adj fairly prosperous, 
well-off, well-to-do 

xiaokang shehui a well-off 

society 



/J\|E xiaomai n wheat 
/Jv7fc xiaomT n millet 

/ J\9$^Lxiaopengyou n (a friendly fonn of 
address or reference) child 
/Jv^L xiaoqi adj stingy, miserly 
/.M* xiaoqu n residential community, 
neighborhood 
/Mt xiaoshf n hour 
^MhHtban xiaoshf half an hour 
/J^B^fX xiaoshfgong n (domestic) worker 
paid on an hourly basis 
/J^ xiaoshu N decimal 
/Jvj& xiaoshuo N novel (^ ben, H pian) 
/Jrtj^xiaoshuojia (accomplished) 
novelist 

^'fW / J''i^.aiqfng xiaoshuo romance novel 
'^M / J'4i£changpian xiaoshuo novel 
MM^i&duanpian xiaoshuo short 
story, story 

lishT xiaoshuo historical novel 
xiaotfqfn n violin 
^hJJI^^xiaotfqmshou violinist 
tjA^MiPpla xiaotfqfn play the violin 
/Jvfig xiaotou n thief, pickpocket 
/Jv|> xiaoxln adj careful, cautious 
/M§J xiaoxfng adj small-sized 
/J^ xiaoxue n primary school (H* zuo, 

0f suo) 

/Jv^fexiaoxuesheng primary school 
student, pupil 
/Jvf xiaozi n son, boy 
/MU xiaozu n small group 
m™° TRAD H v know 

xiaode v Same as $flj|| zhTdao. Only 
used in colloquial Chinese. 

-j/. Xiao n filial piety 

#]ll xiaoshu n v perform one’s filial du- 
ties faithfully, be obedient and consider- 
ate of one’s parents 
^^Xiao n effect 

xiaoguo n effect, result 
J xiaoli n desired effects, intended 
results 

xiaolu n efficiency 



193 




xiaoy'i 

xiaoy'i n beneficial (economic) 
results, economic benefits 
Xiao n school 

xiaohuT n school badge 
tic® xiaoyuan n school ground, campus 
xiaozhang n headmaster, principal, 
university president, university vice 
chancellor 

NOTES: (1) While in Chinese the chief of 
any school is called xiaozhang, dif- 
ferent terms are required in English. (2) In 
an English-system university, the vice- 
chancellor is its chief executive officer. 
Vice-chancellor should therefore be trans- 
lated as xiaozhang while chancellor, 

being largely an honorary position, should 
be mingyu xiaozhang. 

Aft Xiao v 1 laugh, smile 

^C^daxiao laugh 
2 laugh at, make fun of 

xiaohua I n joke II v laugh at 
xiaorong N smiling expression, smile 
xiaorong manmian be all 

smiles 

^ Xiao v resemble, be like 

F^'f^xiaoxiang n portrait (i|@ fu) 
irfgu Xiao v howl, roar 

m. wd some, a few, a little 

haoxie quite a few, lots of 
Xl’e v take a rest 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



l^iJi xietiao v coordinate, harmonize 
xieyi n agreement (a document) 
xieyishu agreement (a document) 
('ffr fen) 

dacheng xieyi reach an agree- 
ment 

IjfrUj xiezhu n assistance 
t'M'p xiezuo v cooperate 
D4* Xie trad ft v threaten (See 
jVJ weixie) 

xie adj oblique, slanting 

xie v hold under the arm 

^tF xiechf v 1 seize by force 2 detain 
under duress 

-U|| XIG v 1 carry, take along with 2 take 
? by the hand 
xiedai v carry, take along 
xieshou adv hand in hand 

xieshou bingjin go forward 
hand in hand, advance side by side 
Xie adj evil, heretical 






Xi trad Wj v 1 join 2 assist 



W 



xieding n agreement, treaty 
xiehui n association (an organization) 
huanjing baohuzhe 
xiehui Environmentalists Association 
xieli v join in a common effort, work 
together 

1M xieshang v discuss and seek advice, 
consult 



xiejiao n religious cult, cult 
Xie n shoe (K zhT, M shuang) 

(Mllliang xie sandals 
pi xie leather shoes 
l&liltuo xie slippers 
MU yu xie rubber boots 
issfrilyunddng xie sports shoes 

xiedai n shoelace, shoestring (|& gen, 
M*J fu) 

^f±^ji xiedai tie shoelace 

Xie trad HI adj harmonious (See 
! B[ fnijf hexie) 

Xie n Same as ifiL xue. Used only in 
colloquial Chinese. 

Xie trad M v write, write with a 






pen 



xiezuo v write as a professional 
writer, compose essays 
Xie v flow swiftly 

fjUPjfuxie have diarrhea 



194 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



^Sl xTnqi 



/ri -t Xie v 1 unload 2 remove, strip (See 
zhuangxie) 

vJiL Xie v allow air or liquid to escape, 
H let out, leak 

MM xielou v leak (information) 

M^% xieqi v lose heart, be discouraged 

tr trad HI v 1 thank 2 decline 

itHlf xiexie v thank 



NOTE: There are many ways of replying to 
ilfiltfft xiexie ni,e.g.: Bu keqi. 

You don ’t have to be so polite . ; Bu 

yong xie. You don’t have to thank me. 



xiejue v decline (an invitation, an 
offer, etc.), refuse politely 
Xie N tool (See tll/M jTxie.) 



Xie N butts, scraps 



mianbao xie crumbs (of bread) 
> xTn n 1 the heart 



^'fryongxin apply oneself to 
^ll'fangxln feel relieved, be assured, at 



ease 

kaixTn be joyous 
^Ci'tongxTn pained, agonized 
2 mind, feeling 3 core, center 
xTn'ai adj beloved, treasured 
xlnde n what one has learned from 
work, study, etc, gain in understanding 
7‘fJI xTnIT n mentality, psychology 
^'H^tJfxTnlT fenxi psychoanalysis 
7'JJP^xTnlTxue (the science of) psychol- 
ogy v 

xinIT zixun psychological 
consultation 

7\M xlnli adv in the heart, in the mind 

^'M^^xlnli youshi have something on 
one’s mind 

'[>M. xlnlmg I n soul, spirit 
7' xlnlmg shenchu deep down in 
one’s heart 

II adj quick-witted, agile-minded, bright 

xlnlmg shouqiao intelligent 
and capable, clever and deft 



xTnmu n mental view, mind 

@ 4^ zai fade xlnmuzhong in 
his eyes, in his opinion and judgment 
7*'Ht xTnqfng n state of mind, mood 

xlnshi n worry, something on one’s 
mind 

xlnsi n 1 idea, thought 2 state of 
mind, mood 

fS^I^MtB^^cJLmeiyou xlnsi chuqu 
wanr not in a mood to go out 

xTnteng v 1 love dearly 2 feel sorry 
7'^? xlntou n mind, heart 

laoji xlntou bear firmly in mind 
7'JfiL xTnxue n painstaking effort 
j4dit[l^7dfllfTichu hen da xTnxue put a 
great deal of painstaking efforts 

xTnxue laichao idiom be seized 
by an impulse, have a brainstorm 
7‘BHJL xlnyanr n heart, mind, intention 
an shenme hao 

xlnyanr do not mean well, have some 
bad intention 

7‘m xlny n regard, warm feelings, good 
intention 

7'M xlnyuan n wish, aspiration 
7*JUI xTnzang n the heart (as a medical 
term) 

^JEnl&xTnzhf koukuai adj frank and 
outspoken 
jft xTn adj joyful 

xTnshang v admire, appreciate 
FrI^ xlnxln xiang rong idiom flour- 
ishing, prosperous 

XTn adj 1 spicy hot 2 laborious, 

I hai'd 

xTnku I adj 1 hard and toilsome 
(job) 2 harsh, difficult (life) II v (used to 
request somebody’s service) 

note: !” "NTmen xTnku le!" is 

used by a superior to express apprecia- 
tion of hard work done by subordinate(s). 
When somebody has done you a service, 
you can say: "XTnku nT le!" 

^Jtil xTnqfn adj industrious 



195 




xin 

f| XTn n zinc (Zn) 

1 Xin I adj new II adv newly, recently 



SrMrfttf xTnchendaixie idiom metabolism 
xlnfang n bridal bedroom 
jlffi xlnjin adv recently, lately 
IlfMfc XTnjiapo n Singapore 
xTnlang n bridegroom 
xmnian n New Year 
ifr^^^xlnnian heka New Year card 
xmniang n bride 
xTnsheng n 1 newborn 
fjT^JLxmsheng'er newborn baby 

2 new student 

xTnsheng baodao new stu- 
dents registration 

3 new life, a new leaf (in one’s life) 

kaishT xTnsheng turn over a 

new leaf 

ijTjt xmshi n new type, new style 
Jpf 1^1 xTnwen n news (of current affairs) 

(^ tiao) 

XTnxTIan n New Zealand 
xTnxian adj fresh 
xTnxmg adj new and fast develop- 
ing, burgeoning 

xTnxTng chanye fast growing 
industry, sunrise industry 
iJtSf! xTnxfng n new type, new pattern 
iffljf xTnyrng adj new and original 
Xin n 1 firewood 2 salary 

mm gaoxin yanglian the policy of 
high salary for civil servants in order to 
cultivate a clean government 
xTnjTn Same as ifr^R xTnshui 
fwk xTnshui n salary, wages 
/if 1 xin I v beheve, trust II n trust 
I R xindai n (in banking) credit 
fsM xinlai v trust, have faith in 

key! xinlai de trustworthy, 

reliable 

xinnian n faith, conviction 
fa If xinren I v trust, have confidence in 
II n trust, confidence 

xinxm n confidence, faith 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



xinyong N 1 trustworthiness 

jiangxinyong keep one’s word, 
be trustworthy 
2 credit 

{effi^xinyongka credit card 
Ijipff xinyu n reputation, prestige 
(■£? 2 Xin n 1 letter, mail 



m 



i^fg ji xin post a letter 

jieshaoxin letter of recommenda- 
tion, reference 

shoudao xin receive a letter 
zhuhexin letter of congratulation 
2 sign, evidence 
'fsM xinfeng n envelope 
xinhao n signal 
'fgj^ xinjian n letters, mail 
'fgM xinx n information 

xinxT chanye n information 

industry 

# xm n quarrel, dispute 
tiaoxin provoke 

\\/ Xing trad JH I v 1 promote 2 start, 
/ begin II adj flourishing 
xTngban v set up, initiate 
xTngfen adj excited, overjoyed 
xTngfenji n stimulant 
xTngjian v build, construct 
xTngqT v start and become popular, 
rise 

xTngwang adj prosperous, thriving 
jg Xing N star (H ke) 

frMxmgxTng planet 

note: In everyday Chinese MM xTngxTng 
is normally used instead of M xTng, e.g.: 
JTntian wanshang 
de xTngxing zhen liang. Tonight the stars 
are really bright. 

MSP xTngqT n week (d'* ge) 

MS P~ XTngqTyT Monday 
MSSUXTngqT'er Tuesday 
MSPHXTngqTsan Wednesday 
MSOT XmgqTsi Thursday 
MSPSXTngqTwu Friday 



196 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



M.I9A XmgqTliu Saturday 

M.M 0/ Jt$$ 5c XTngqTr'i/ XTngqTtian 

Sunday 

±li$j shang xlngql last week 
xia xlngql next week 
jjj=j Xing n fishy smell 

A'zL 1 xfng I v 1 travel, go 2 practice, 
i J carry out II n 1 trip, travel 2 act, 
behavior 

xfngcheng n route, distance traveled 
frill xmgdong I v move around II n ac- 
tion, behavior 

frM xfnghui v offer a bribe, bribe 
frfx xmgjing n disgraceful conduct, devi- 
ant behavior 

fr^ xfng jun v (of troops) march 
fT^ xrngli n luggage, baggage (ft jian) 
trA xfngren n pedestrian 
flAiixfngrendao sidewalk 
frA^lit^ xfngren hengdaoxian 
pedestrian crossing 

fr^ xfngshT v exercise (rights, power, 
etc.) 

xfngshT gongmfn quanli 
exercise one’s civil rights 
tri$ xfngshT v (of a vehicle or ship) travel 
fr^J xfngwei n behavior, conduct, act 
trWL xfngzheng n administration 
fr*»n xfngzheng bumen administra- 
tive department 

xfngzheng mingling execu- 
tive order 

2 xfng I v all right, OK, (that) will 
do II adj competent, capable 
JflJ x,ng adj penal, criminal 

JflJ^ xfngchang n execution ground 
JflJ-vU xfngfa n torture 
±)flj#j shangxfng fa torture 

xfngfa n penal code, criminal law 
)flj^ xfngshi adj criminal, penal 

xfngshifan criminal offender, 
convict 

JflJ]fl|j|ft xfngshi anjian criminal case 
^xmg n form, shape 



'14 iff xingqing 

xfngcheng v take shape, form 
xfngrong v describe 
xfngshi n form, shape 
xfngshi n situation 
xfngtai n form, pattern 
xfngxiang n image 
xfngzhuang n appearance, shape, 
form 

^lj xfng n model, type 

xfnghao N model (of a car, airplane, 
etc.) ^ 

jjj p=^ XI ng v wake, wake up 

SUshuixTng have enough sleep 
PWjiaoxTng wake somebody up 
\\/ XI ng TRAD ADJ joyful 
/> 

xingqu n interest 

Xt--- ( A ) i!§3^ildui...(bu) gan xingqu 
be (un)interested in . . . 

M”' (t&) ^ 7 ^@dui...(mei) you 
xingqu be (un) interested in ... 

^xmg n apricot 

'S'^xinghua apricot blossom (^fe duo) 
'S^j’xingshu apricot tree 
'S^xingzi apricot (ft- ge) 

^xing n 1 nature, character 

2^'ft benxing (of a human being) innate 
quality, character 
2 sex, gender 
fjft nanxing male 
ft#!j xingbie n gender, sex 
ft-lpf xingbing n sexually transmitted 
disease (STD) 

ft$f xingge N person’s character, disposi- 
tion 

ftlL-f^f xing gongzuozhe n sex worker 
ft£ xingjiao n sexual intercourse 
ft np xing mi ng n (human) life 
ftte xingneng n function, performance 
fttbi^jfF xingneng lianghao (of a 
machine) perform well, with satisfactory 
performance 

ft'tlt xingqfng n temperament 



197 




xing saorao 

xmgqfng wenhe with a gentle, 
mild temperament 

xing saorao n sexual harassment 
'I^M' xingzhi n nature (of a matter, an 
event, etc.), basic quality 
-fr- XI fig n good fortune 

xingfu adj happy, fortunate 

NOTE: xingfu is used in a sublime 

sense, denoting a profound and almost 
perfect happiness. So it has a much more 
limited use than its English equivalents 
happy or fortunate. The usual Chinese 
word for happy, as in “I’m happy to hear 
the news,” is jtr|R gaoxing, e.g.: 

MU, Tfngdao zhege xiaoxi, 

wo hen gaoxing. I’m happy to hear this 
news. 

2 ^$? xinghao adv fortunately, luckily 
xingkul adv fortunately, luckily 
^35 xingyun adj fortunate, lucky 
^xlng n family name 

in^guixing your family name (polite 
usage, normally in a question) 

NOTE: The character $4 xing has ic nu, 
meaning female, in it — an indication 
that the Chinese once had a matriarchal 
society. 

xingmmg N full name 
Xiong n elder brother 



£ 



mi 



£^ xiongdi n brother(s) 

Xiong n chest, thorax 

WP xionghuai I n mind, heart 
mmr xionghuai kuanguang be 
broad-minded 
II v cherish, harbor 

xionghuai dazhi cherish great 

ambition 

n chest (of the human body) 
Xldng trad Mi ADJ ferocious, fierce 



*1 



xiong'e adj ferocious, fierce 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



|X$|t xionghen adj fierce and malicious 
xiongmeng adj ferocious, violent 
xidng trad Ml as in MlM 
xiongyong 

Mlii xiongyong adj turbulent 

Xiong ADJ I male (of animals) 

2 grand, imposing 
xionghou adj abundant, rich 
^r^liJ^zTjTnxionghou with abundant 
funds, very well-financed 

xiongwei adj grand, magnificent 
IfPfct xiongzhuang adj full of power and 
grandeur, magnificent 
Xioni n bear (R zhi) 

on 

xiongmao n (giant) panda (R zhi) 
/0C xi U v 1 Same as ^g| xiulT 2 build, 
T3> construct (a building, bridge, road, 
etc.) 3 study, cultivate 
HHT xi tiding v revise 
i^iTlt^xiudingban revised edition 
i^M. xiufu v restore (a work of art) 
xiugai v amend, revise 
xiujian v build, construct 
flBS xiulT v repair, fix 

xiuyang n 1 accomplishment, 
training 

^t'ftjl^^wenhua xiuyang cultural ac- 
complishment 

2 self-cultivation, good behavior and 
manners 

xiuzheng v amend, revise 
xiuzhu v build, construct 
Xi U v be shy, be bashful 

Hilflt xiuchT n sense of shame 
IIIlbl^xiGchT xTn sense of shame 

buzhl xiuchT have no sense of 
shame, shameless 

xiu I n leisure II v stop, cease, rest 

xiuxi v rest, take a rest, have a day 
off 

xiuxian n leisure 
1^1^1011 xiGxianfu casual clothes 
xiuyang v recuperate, convalesce 



198 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



*5 



Xiu v decay 



^v^buxiu immortal 
P^xiu v smell, sniff 

9 fcxiu adj elegant 



^1313 xiuli adj elegantly beautiful 
hy £ xill trad it n rust 



hfc Xill trad M v embroider 

<Jb 






XIU n sleeve 



Ift-f^xiuzi sleeve 
W TRAD M MODAL V must 

R xuzhT n (important) notice, essential 
infonnation 

#^j5$R kaosheng xuzhT important 
notice to examinees 

XU adj 1 void 2 of frail health 
3 false 4 modest 
(Hid xujia adj false, sham 
lUM xunT adj invented, fictitious 

um xianshf virtual reality 
lUfi xuruo adj debilitated, weak 
jH'fft xuwei I adj hypocritical II n hy- 
pocrisy 

j^t^^jAxuwei de ren hypocrite 
Jil'fr xuxln adj open-minded and modest 
XU n ruins (See W&. feixu) 

t=%=> XU v need 

w 

xuqiu n demand, requirement 
wH xuyao v need, be in need of 

TRAD ^ * v 1 promise 2 allow 
II adj approximate, rough 
xuduo adj many, much 
xuke v permit, allow 
1 XU n 1 sequence, order 2 preface 



JT 



xuyan n preface 

4dfc^ XU trad Iff v continue (See Hi 
jixu, lianxu, P djtJ; luxu, 
shouxu.) 



;f§;Jit xuanya 

A4/. Xtl trad If N mood (See 1# 
qingxu) 

XU as in MW xudao 

MW xudao I adj garrulous, long-winded 
II v talk too much, be a chatterbox 
•A* XU v keep domesticated animals 

xuchanpln n animal products 
Iftxiimiiv raise livestock 
W^ikxumuye animal husbandry 
XU v save up 

if feftilxudianchi' N battery 
g^jj XU as in MM xujiu 

MM xujiu v drink excessively, get drunk 
XU v 1 chat 2 narrate 



xushu v narrate, recount 
xutan v chat 

XUan v declare, announce 

J=L 

xuanbu v declare, announce 
jifft xuancheng v assert, profess 
jL'ff xuanchuan I v 1 disseminate, publi- 
cize 2 propagandize II n 1 dissemination 
2 propaganda 

li/ils xuandu v read out in public 
Hlpf xuangao v declare, proclaim 
mM xuanshi v swear an oath 
aWi^^xuanshi yfshi swearing-in 
ceremony 

aW xuanya n n declaration, manifesto 

xuanya nshu declaration (ff) fen) 
xuanya ng v publicize, promote 
jjdh XU an adj noisy 

xuannao adj noisy and full of activi- 
ties, very noisy 

B XU an trad §1 v hang, suspend 

xuan'an n unsettled case, cold case 
xuangua v hang 
xuanniar n suspense 
xuanya n overhanging cliff, precipice 
xuanya lema rein in at the 



199 




xuan 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



brink of the precipice ( — > avoid an im- 
minent danger at the last moment) 

XUdn v circle, spin 

MW xuanlii n melody 

M$f xuanzhuan v revolve, spin 

Xlian trad Ivi Same as MW 
t xuanju 2 select, choose 
xuanba v select, choose 
xuanding v select, decide on 
xuangou v choose and buy 

xuangou nianhuo shop for the 
Chinese New Year 

3$±^ xuanju I v elect, vote II n election, 
voting 

xuanmfn N voter, electorate 
3$±^- xuanshou n (of sports) selected con- 
testant, player, athlete, competing athlete 
xuanyong v select for use 
3$i# xuanze I v select, choose II n choice 
XU' v cut, pare 

ilM xuejian v cut down, reduce 
xueruo v weaken 
l^xue n boots 

fft^Pxuezi boots (M zhT, M. shuang) 
^*XU' n cave 

jSllt XU' trad I v learn, study 
^IlN 1 learning, knowledge 2 school, 
course of study 

xue fei n tuition, tuition fee 
xuehui v learn (to do something), 
master 

xueke n subject for study, discipline 
xuenian n academic year 
xuepai n school of thought 
xueql n semester, term 
xuesheng n student, pupil (4" ge, 

& ming) 

^04 xueshf n class hour, period 
xueshu n learning, scholarship 
^TfczH^xueshu huiyi (scholarly or 
scientific) conference, symposium 
^i&xueshuo n theory, doctrine 
xuewei n academic degree 



xueshi xuewei bachelor degree 
fiKi^feshudshi xuewei master’s 
degree, masterate 

boshi xuewei PhD degree, 

doctorate 

^|bJ xuewen n learning, knowledge 
xuexf I v study, learn 
1 p]...^^ xiang... xuexf learn from..., 
emulate ... 

II n study 

xuexiao n school (M* zuo) 
xueyuan n college, institute 
xuezhe N scholar 

xuezhi n 1 educational system 2 term 
of study 

XU( n snow 

Til xia xue to snow 
ftS xue bai adj snow-white 
!f4£ xuehua n snowflake (>f pian) 

XUe n blood 



Ifil 5 



filinlshuxue blood transfusion 
iflLif xueguan n blood vessel 

ddngmai xueguan artery 
^14-lfil-^j'ingmai xueguan vein 
jfiLfF xuehan n blood and sweat, sweat 
and toil 

ifiLFfXF xuehan gongchang sweatshop 
ifiU$ xueku n blood bank 
ifiL®! xuexfng n blood type 
ifiLH xueya n blood pressure 
liilfiLHigaoxueya high blood pressure, 
hypertension 

fttMcfixueya low blood pressure, 
hypotension 

xueye n blood (as a technical term) 
XUn v treat with smoke, smoke 

7m 

H|£j xunrou smoked meat 
Iti&xunyu smoked fish 
W un v abide by, follow 

xunhuan v circulate 
ifdilDt xueye xunhuan blood circula- 
tion 



200 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



xunxu jianjin idiom proceed 
step by step in an orderly way 
xun trad v seek, search 

"vT 

tanxun search, explore 
illlf zhulxun pursue, track down 
xunbao n treasure hunt 
xunchang adj usual, common 
xunqiu v seek, go in quest of 
xunsT v commit suicide 
xunzhao v look for, seek 
XUn n a period of ten days in a 
month 

±10 shangxun the first ten days in a 
month 

•t'lO zhongxun the second ten days in a 
month 

T40 xiaxun the last ten days in a month 
■ifct TRAD bI/ v inquire (See 
TrJ zTxun) 

xun wen v inquire, ask about 
v patrol 

r 

Mil* xunluo v patrol, go on patrol 
M^ISxunluotmg patrol boat 

Xlin n message (See Mifl tongxun.) 



a 

>JI[ 

Spill I junxun military training 
ijllt^xunlian v train 

Xlin trad M adj modest (See i$t 
qianxun) 



XUn adj rapid 

xunsu adj rapid, speedy, swift 
XUn v train 



m 



ya trad M v press, push down 



$L ya 

JEE#|1 yayi v suppress , bottle up 
Hflp S yayi zijT de fennu bottle 

up one’s anger 
H£$!j yazhi v repress, stifle 
n zrya interj oh, ah (expressing 
\7\ surprise) 

ya n crow (See wuya) 

$Ut* yapian n opium 

chou yapian smoke opium 
fpj^ y a TRAD flU N duck 

H^-yazi duck (K zhi) 

-toyavi escort (goods, criminal) 

2 pawn, pledge as security (See fS; 
ffl diya) 

ya n tooth, teeth (1$> ke) 



3F 



yachT n tooth, teeth ($P{ ke) 
jf'f yagao n toothpaste (If guan) 

^f4 yake N dentistry 
^f4S^yake ylsheng dentist (fi£ wei) 
yashua N toothbrush (JE ba) 
^Myayl n Same as 5Ff4M£. yake 
ylsheng 

ya n sprout, bud 

^^faya germinate, to bud, to sprout 
fcji ya n cliff (See M;jM. xuanya) 



Eftya adj elegant, cultured (See | 
- i wenya) 

KUH Yasi n International English Lan- 
guage Testing System (IELTS) 
ya trad adj dumb, mute 



* 



f®EL yaba n mute person, mute 
yayu n sign language 
:ya adj second 



3E’ 



EE'ffT yajia v undersell with reduced prices 
£E yali n pressure 
JEliE yapo I v oppress II n oppression 
JEi^t yasuo v compress, condense 

kongqi yasuojl air compres- 



yajun n (in sports) second place, 
runner-up 

ISM Yazhou n Asia 

:ya v be surprised (See jingya) 



a 



ya trad $L v run over, roll 



201 




ffi ya 

nniy a particle Same as PP 1 ! a 2 particle 
*xT (Used after a, e, i, o, u) 
vjjfc yan v submerge, inundate 

yan mo v submerge, flood 
^|4rt Ya" N 1 smo ^ e 2 Same as 
/ xiangyan 

jinyanqu smoke-free area, “No 
Smoking” area 

yancao n tabacco 
ilSltl yancong n chimney 
MW yanwu N mist, smoke, smog 
jtTa yan trad M ADJ strict, severe 

yange I adj strict, stringent, rigorous 
II v make ... strict, make ... stringent 
yanhan n severe cold 
yan jin v strictly forbid 
yanli adj stem, severe 
/^Mlftiipfyanfi de jTnggao a stem 
warning 

yan mi adj tight, watertight 
yansu adj serious, solemn 
yanzhong adj serious, critical 
*-U. ya n n rock 

w 

yanshf rock (J& kuai) 
yan ADJ scorching 

2K 

jfc$tyanre adj scorching hot 

yan v extend, delay, postpone 

yanchang v prolong, extend 
Mil! yanhuan v put off, delay 
MS9 yanqi v postpone, defer 
M# yanshen v stretch, extend 

yanxu v 1 continue, go on 2 last 
-i 4 yan I n speech II v talk, say 

gifcyanlun n remark, expression of 
opinion 

Wifci&yanlun ziyou freedom of 
speech 

"If io 1 yanyu v speak, reply 
J/g.yan prep along 

y&JL yanr n edge, border 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



yan'an n bank, coast 
^HUyanhai n coast 

yanhai chengshi coastal city 
yantu n (places) on the way 

yantu de jianwen what one 
sees and leams on the way 
m* n v study, research 

$F yanjiu I v research, study, consider 
carefully II n research, study (A/! xiang) 
qihou bianhua 

de yanjiu do research on climate change 
yanjiusheng N graduate student, 
post-graduate student 

yanjiusheng yuan graduate 
school (of a university) 

yanjiusuo n research institute, 
research unit 

note: The difference between 
yanjiusuo and yanjiuyuan is that 
the former is usually smaller in scale. 

WE yanjiuyuan N research institute 
yanzh n research and development, 
R&D 

ya n trad M n salt 

mt 

yan TRAD M n complexion, color 

life yanse n color 

ya n v cover, cover up 

yanga v cover, cover up 
yanhu v cover, shield 
yansh' v cover up, gloss over, 
conceal 

^ff^lti^yanshi cuowu gloss over a 
mistake 

jjj| yan n eye 

^Ei^zuoyan the left eye 
^fiityduyan the right eye 

yanguang n eye, way of looking at 
things, point of view 

hen you shenmei yan- 
guang have an eye for what is beautiful 
yong lao yanguang 



202 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



yang 



kan xln wentf look at a new problem 
from an old point of view 
BSfit yanjing n glasses, spectacles (M'J fu) 
BJIfjitaiyang yanjing sunglasses 
yanjingdian n optician’s shop 
BfUjt# yanjing he n glasses case 
MW yanjing n eye 

yankan adv soon, in a moment 
SHf4 yanke n department of ophthalmol- 
ogy 

BJI?4l5|4iyanke yisheng ophthalmolo- 
gist 

M'M yanlei n tear (}j§ dl) 

WiT — ijSfiH'/B liuxia yi dl yanlei shed a 
drop of tear 

yanli n 1 eyesight 

yanli hao good eyesight 
2 discerning power, judgment 
^M^ you yanli be discerning 
BUtlf yanqian adv 1 before one’s eyes 2 at 
present, at this moment 
lUfe yanse n meaningful glance 
^&BJI'fejiaohuan yanse exchange 
meaningful glances 

HU# yanshen n expression in one’s eyes 
IflT^ yanxia adv at the moment, now 
ya nlv act ’ perform, show II n 
show (a film) 

}jpC3£ yanbian v evolve, unfold 
ifftB yanchu I v put on a theatrical 
performance, perfonn II n theatrical 
performance 

yanshuo v deliver a formal speech 
ill Jf yansuan v perform mathematical 
calculations 

yanxf n exercise, drill 

junshi yanxf military exercise 
yanyuan n actor, actress, performer 
Jffil yanzou v give an instrument per- 
formance 

yan v spread out (See fuyan) 

1/T 

:yan trad JR v detest, loathe 



fit' 



yanwu v detest, be disgusted with 
yan ADJ fresh and attractive (See 
TD xianyan) 



jHp yan n (bird) swallow 
>> v\ 

)&-pyanzi swallow (R zhT) 
ya n n wild goose 

;fcjff§dayan wild goose 
^ yan n flame (See huoyan) 

Pgj yan v swallow 

yan I n feast II v entertain 

Srzx yanhui N banquet, feast 

canjia yanhui attend a banquet 
( TfcM ) S& gaobie (huanymg) 
yanhui farewell (welcome) banquet 

jiehun yanhui wedding banquet 
35ijf yanqTng v entertain with a feast 
$J?j£ yanxf n banquet, feast 

trad fi: v examine 

5^7*6 yanguang n optometry 

yanguangshT optometrist 
yanshou v check and accept, check 
upon delivery 

^MEyanzheng v test to verify 
jU yang n center (See 4*^ 

* zhongyang) 

^yaiig n seedling 

M^chayang transplant rice seedlings 
I&Eej yangmiao n rice seedling 
tsU yang n calamity (See iSSft 
yy\ zaoyang) 

yang n sheep, goat, lamb 0 k tou) 

lil^shanyang goat 
/Jv=£xiaoyang lamb 
yangmao n wool 
yang pi n sheepskin 
yangrou n mutton 
RP yang TRAD £§ n what is open, 

PH overt, masculine, the sun 

yangguang n sunshine, sunlight 
yangxing adj (of medical test) positive 
yang trad H v raise, make known 
-i (See biaoyang, fayang.) 



203 




m yang 

yang n poplar 

tJj$tyangshu poplar tree ($H ke) 
yang N ocean (See 
Dayangzhou, haiyang.) 

# yang TRAD ft vl provide for, 
support 2 raise, keep as pet 3 form, 
cultivate 4 recuperate one’s health 
yangcheng v form (a habit) 
#^^5c^^6W^'tMyangch6ng mei- 
tian duanlian de hao xfguan form the 
good habit of doing exercises every day 
yangfen n nutrient 
yanghuo v provide for, support, 
sustain 

lff4yangliao n nourishment, nutriment 
IfW yangyu v bring up (a child), rear 
IfM yangzhf n breed or cultivate (aquatic 
products, plants, etc.) 
7Kf fc l ! ^^shuTchan yangzhfchang 
aquatic farm 

4=^ yang n oxygen (0 2 ) 

ft^yangqi oxygen 
MAfc yanghua v oxidize, oxidate 
yang v itch, tickle 

^t^fayang itch 
w* ng v face upward 

fflJM yangwang v 1 look up to 2 revere 

# yang trad I m. wd kind, cat- 
egory, type II n appearance, looks 
yangzi n appearance, manner 
yao as in yaoqiu 

yaoqiu I v ask, demand, require II n 
demand, requirement 
jj^jg yao n waist, small of the back 

n evil spirit 

yaoguai n monster, bogey man 
yao v invite 

jz&iif yaoqmg I v invite II n invitation 
iMitfg yaoqTngxin letter of invitation 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



yao v shake, wave 

MAA yaotouwan n Ecstasy pill (an 
addictive drug) 

J yao trad IS n 1 rumor 2 ballad, 
rhyme 

MiH rnrnyao folk ballad, ballad 
iSW yaoyan n malicious rumor, rumor 
W*° adj faraway 

Mis yaoyuan adj faraway, remote 
yao n kiln 

fifUr zhuanyao brick kiln (J3? zuo) 

yao v bite 

yao trad fH n medicine, drug 

caoyao herbal medicine 
chi yao take medicine 
xTyao Western medicine 
Zhongyao traditional Chinese 
medicine 

$j7f yaofang N prescription 
l^r yaofang N pharmacist’s, pharmacy 
$j it yaopian n pill 
$j7]CyaoshuT n liquid medicine 
ifejg ySO v shine, dazzle (See M.W 
)\ 'fE zhaoyao) 

pgl yao I v 1 want, would like 2 ask 
(somebody to do something) II adj 
important 

HAyaoren important person, VIP 
III modal v should, must IV conj sup- 
pose, if 

Hjr?, yaodian n key point, major point 
yaohao adj on very good terms, 
very close 

IIM yaojTn adj important, urgent, serious 
'Fie!!* buyaojln it doesn’t matter 
yaolTng n main points, gist 
yaome conj either ... (or) 

Ulii: yaoming adv extremely 
UtI yaoshi conj if 
note: Both ruguo and yaoshi 
mean if. While ruguo is for general 
use, UMI yaoshi is a colloquialism. 



204 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



HjH yaosu n essential element 

trad as in yaoshi 

IQib yaoshi n key (JE ba) 

^ye trad It n paternal grandfather 

yeye n Same as zufu. Used in 
colloquial Chinese. 

-tii ys adv 1 also, too 2 neither, nor 

itli^ yexu adv perhaps, maybe 
note: See note on kongpa. 
J!J yel n open country II adj wild 

HHi? yeman adj savage, barbaric 

yesheng adj wild (animal or plant) 
^ yesheng dongwu wildlife 
Sf-fl yeshou n wild beast 

yewai n open country, field 
yewai zuoye field work 
yexTn n wild ambition 
>//^ ye v smelt 

to 

to^yelian smelt 
yejln n metallurgy 
rye trad n industry 



4k ’ 



yewu n 1 professional work, voca- 
tional work 2 business 

yeyu I n spare time II adj amateur 
.ye TRAD JSl N leaf 



Rf’ 



Pf^yezi leaf (it pian) 
jEp y trad M n page 

^ ye n night, evening 

banye midnight 
yeban n night shift 

Jl^fishang yeban be on a night shift 
yeche n night train 
yeli n at night 

^0^,yewan n Same as yeli 
** n liquid, fluid 

yeti n liquid 



— WWK ylfan feng shun 

yi num one 



note: (1) undergoes tone changes 
(tone sandhi). When standing alone, — ■ is 
pronounced with the first tone, i.e. yT. When 
followed by a sound in the fourth tone, 
changes to the second tone, e.g. yfding. 
— - is pronounced in the fourth tone in all 
other circumstances, e.g. yiban, — * 

Iff] yitong, — yiqi. Pay attention to the 
various tones of — here and in the following 
words. (2) When saying a number (e.g. a 
telephone number) people pronounce as 
yao for clarity, e.g.: 

Hjlo Wo de dianhua haoma shi wu-ba- 
yao-san-jiu. My telephone number is 58139. 

— *$$ yiban adj 1 generally speaking, 
normal 2 average, commonplace 3 same 
as, as ... as 

— yiban n half, one half 
“I l-f 1 yfbeizi n one’s entire life 
— yibian n one side 

— !&••• yibian... yibian... conj while 

..., at the same time 

note: — j & -}&••• yibian. ..yibian... 

links two verbs to indicate that the two 
actions denoted by the verbs take place si- 
multaneously. An example: 

Ta changchang yibian 
zuo zuoye yibian ting yTnyue. He often 
does his homework while listening to music. 
When the verbs are monosyllabic, 

••• bian... bian... may be used instead of 

— ■;&••• yibian... yibian..., e.g.: ^ 

Haizimen bian zou bian 
chang. The children sang while walking. 

“M. yfdan conj once, in case 
yfdao adv Same as yiqi 
— ji£JL yidianr n a tiny amount, a bit 
— /E yfding I adj 1 fixed, specified 2 to 
a certain degree, fair, limited II adv 
certainly, definitely 

“It: yfdu adv for a time, on one occasion 
— 'MWK yifan feng shun idiom plain 
sailing 



205 




" yifangmian...yifangmian... 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



— TfHf • • yifangmian...y)fang- 

mian. conj on the one hand ... on the 
other hand ... 

yigai adv all, without exception 
— yfgai er lun idiom lump 
everything together, make sweeping 
generalization 

yfgong adv in all, total, altogether 
“■ft yfguan adv all along, always 
JL yfhulr adv in a very short time 

— ‘^JL ^JL yfhuir... yfhuir conj one 

moment ... the next (moment) 

— conj as soon as, no 

sooner ... than ... 

yikouqi adv (do something) in one 
breath, without a break 
— J&JL yfkuair adv Same as yiqT. 

Tends to be used in colloquial Chinese. 
— 3^ yilian adv in a row, successively 
— yflu pfng'an idiom have a good 
journey 

— H&llfM yflu shunfeng idiom Have a 
good trip! 

yflu adv all, without exception 
— yimao bu ba idiom unwilling to 
give even a hair, very stingy 
— yipang n one side 

— ® M yfmian...yfmlan conj at the 

same time, while 

yiqf adv Same as yiqi 
yiqT adv together 

“ijj yfqie I adj all, every and each with- 
out exception II pron all, everything 
yisheng n all one’s life, lifetime 
“ftf yishf adv for the time being, mo- 
mentarily 

yishou adv single-handedly, all by 
oneself 

— |wj yitong adv Same as yiqT 

— yfxllie n a series of 
— T yfxia adv (used after a verb to 
indicate the action is done briefly or 
casually) for a short while 

note: It is very common in spoken 
Chinese to use yfxia after a verb, 
especially as an informal request. Some 



Northern Chinese speakers use j_ FJL 
yfxiar instead of yfxia. An example: 
LBE o Women zai zher 
ting yfxiar ba. Let’s stop here fora white. 



— “Fi 1 yfxlazi adv all at once, all of a 
sudden 

“IpJ yfxiang adv all along, always 
yixie m wd a small amount of, a 
bit of 

— ylxTn adv single-mindedly, whole- 
heartedly 

— yryang adj same, identical 

yfzai adv time and again, repeatedly 

“J[ yizhf adv always, all the time 
yfzhi adj unanimous, identical 
y T n one 



* 



yl n clothing 



^cll y if u n clothes , pieces of clothing 
(# jian) 



note: yTfu may denote clothes or 

pieces of clothing. “'FFTcM yf jian yTfu 
may be a jacket, a coat, a dress or a 
sweater, but not a pair of trousers, which is 
yi tiao kuzi. 



yishang n Same as yifu 
*yT pron she, her, he, his 



\r 



YTsilanjiao N Islam 
EV' trad W I v heal, cure II n 
J medicine 
M-Ff yTliao N medical care 

gongfei yTliao public health 

service 

yTsheng n medical doctor (fi wei) 
M&'M. yTwushT n clinic (in a school, fac- 
tory, etc.) 

yTxue n medical science, medicine 
yTxueyuan n medical school 
yTyao n medicine 
@EI*j||yTyaofei medical expenses 
MP& yTyuan n hospital (ffi zuo) 
i&- • ‘iMPx song...qu yTyuan take ... to 
the hospital 



206 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



'fi(Bi) Pjrczhu (yi) yuan be hospitalized 
Mtn yTzhi v treat (a patient) 

ryT v 1 rely on 2 according to 






yTci adv in order, successively 
$clB yljiu adv as before, still 
IPcJff yTju I v be based on 

wMi 4- yTj u zuixln zTliao based on 
the latest data 
II n basis, foundation 

meiyou yTju de zhlkong 
unfounded allegation 
IPcfl yTkao v rely on, depend on 

yTlai v rely on, be dependent on 
Mb yTran adv still, as before 

ylzhao prep according to, based on 
r y> n one’s mother’s sister (See H 
- ! ayQ 

yi trad ill n instrument, appearance 






iZ yi 

iaj^ yfchuan v pass to the next genera- 
tion, be hereditary 

yfchuan bing hereditary disease 
MM yfhan I v regret II adj regretful 
iiiial yfliu v leave behind, hand down 
ia^ yfshT v lose, be lost 

yftT n body of a dead person, remains 
xiang yftT gaobie pay last 
tribute to a dead person 
ijtfit yfzhT n remains (of a building), ruins 

B yi adj Same as Gin yTjing. Used in 
written Chinese. 

Gi5 yTjing adv already 
-r yn n the second of the ten Heavenly 
(—i Stems II adj second 
tw iyi prep 1 with, in the manner of 
2 for, because of 

i*r 2 y conj in order to, so as to 



vx 



XX yfbiao n 1 appearance, bearing 

yfbiao tangtang look digni- 
fied, with imposing presence 
2 gauge, meter 

yfql n instrument (# jian) 
yfshi n ceremony 

#fr / 0£^juxfng yfshi hold a ceremony 
^yi adj suitable (See MdC pianyi.) 

JEL 

^ V ' v move, shift 

f|sjj yfdong v move, shift 

yfdong dianhua mobile 

telephone 

yfmfn I v immigrate, emigrate 
II n immigrant, emigrant, immigration 
Yfmfnju Immigration Services 
Iff^f^xTn yfmfn new immigrant 
M V ' v doubt, disbelief 

jfl&yftiud v feel uncertain, wonder 
yfwen n doubt 
yfxln n Same as huaiyf 
myf trad IS v 1 leave behind as 
m legacy, inheritance 2 bequeath, hand 
down 3 lose, omit 
iaG 1 yfchan n inheritance, legacy 



ylbian conj so that, in order that 
Wfi ylhou n after, later 
VXM , yTjf conj Same as he 2 conj, used 
in formal Chinese. 

yTlai n since, in the past ... 
ylmian conj in order to avoid, so 
as not to 

VJsfa yTnei n within, during 
l^ltu yTqian n before, some time ago 
^AWUbujiu yTqian not long ago 
IcAJl yTshang n over, more than 
WJMtrffl yTshen zuoze idiom set a good 
example (for others to follow) 

yTwai n beyond, outside, other than 
IX£. yTwang n formerly, in the past 
yTwei v think (usually incorrectly) 
\X~f yTxia n below, less than 
VJM yTzhi conj i up to 2 so as to, so ... that 
yTzhiyu conj Same as UJM yTzhi 
n chair 

w 

^■-pyTzi chair (jC ba) 

/4Y 1 v lean on or against, rest on or 
m against 

yi n ant (See 4W may!) 
yi trad (m num one hundred million 



W 



207 




iZTf ylwan 

“HZ.shfyi billion 

'{ZTf yiwan num millions upon millions, 
an astronomical number of 

yiwan fuweng billionaire, 
super-rich 

y] TRAD 1! n art 

yishu n art 

z^Tjt^yishujia n (accomplished, recog- 
nized) artist 

yishu zuopln n a work of art 
j hr v' 1 trad IB v recall (See HHZ hufyi, 
ICi iE'Ejiyl.) 

a yi trad H adj different, unusual 

-Hr 

yichang adj abnormal, unusual 
WC*' adj firm, resolute 

Wtfl yll'i n indomitable will, strong 
willpower 

IzM yiran adv resolutely 

v repress (See yayi) 

AJX. y'l n military campaign (See i Sc® 
i3£ Zhanyi) 

y y' 1 N epidemic (See wenyi) 
adv also 

W 

-ix yi trad IP v translate, interpret 

rp 

i$M yiyuan n interpreter, translator (fi 
wei, 45 ming) 

0yn adj easy (See rongyi) II v 
^(1 exchange (See fiirj maoyi) 

7 ^ y'l n benefit (See liyi.) 
m 

_J^jf>yi trad ta n friendship (See Ma 
JJi. youyi.) 

N 1 idea, meaning 2 expectation, 

,i T * wish 

3m J aL yijian n 1 opinion, view (^ tiao) 

2 complaint, objection 
HTtJSLti yijian make a comment (on an 
issue, a proposal etc.), make a complaint 
yiliao v expect, anticipate 

yiliao zhlzhong in line with 
expectations 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



lij^-^l^chuhQ yiliao out of expecta- 
tions, not anticipated 
miiR yishi I n consciousness II v be con- 
scious of, be aware of 
yisi n meaning 
yitu n intention 

T liaojie tamende yitu 

find out their intentions 

yiwai I adj unexpected, unforeseen 
II n mishap, accident 

yiweizhe v mean, imply 
mIb] yixiang n intent, purpose 
Jf.fRj^yixiangshu letter of intent, agree- 
ment of intent 
M SL yiyi n significance 
HM yiyuan n will, wish 
yizhi n will, willpower 
vv y i trad Hi I adj righteous II n right- 
ys eousness, justice 
SL& yiwu n duty, obligation 

yiwu gongzuo (yigong) n 
voluntary work, voluntary worker 
yiwu jiaoyu n compulsory 
education 

y trad lit v discuss, exchange 
views 

RM yi'an n proposal, motion ({ft fen) 

\%%k yicheng N agenda 

yidingshu n protocol (a diplomatic 
document) ({ft fen) 
yihui n parliament 
yilun v comment, discuss, talk 
yiyuan n member of parliament (MP) 
30 yi n wing 



0 



yin conj because 



0jtt ylncT conj therefore, so 
0M yTn'er conj Same as Hilt yTncT 
0 jit ylnsu n factor, element 
0#|*xj yTntewang n Internet 
0 ylnwe conj because 

note: |£|^j yTnwei because is usually fol- 
lowed by FJfW, suoyi therefore : 0^/ic^ 

YTnwei daduoshu ren dou fandui, suoyi 



208 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



zhege jihua fangq'i le. Because the major- 
ity opposed the plan, it was abandoned. 

IT D yin trad Hi ADJ i cloudy, overcast 
2 hidden 

PJJHb yTn'an adj gloomy 
^t^^^Jl^BaMshenghuo zhongde 
yTn'anmian the seamy side of life 
ylnmou n conspiracy 
s#— ^HKUlljielu yf xiang guoji 
yTnmou uncover an international con- 
spiracy 

P35c ylntian cloudy day 
P3'|*l: ylnxing adj (of medical test) negative 
yin n marriage (See hunyTn.) 

tV yin n sound 

m 

E^ln] yinxiang n sound, acoustics 
W^i^^yTnxiang shebei sound system 
13 RI32&II yinxiang xiaoguo acoustic 
effects 

"if# yinxiang n audio-video 
Jh ylnyue N music 

iftftiifift gudian ylnyue classical music 
imfTW/h liuxrng ylnyue pop music 
qlng ylnyue light music, easy 
listening 

"eihz; ylnyue hui concert (f^ chang) 
ftAWiftzs lutian ylnyuehui open-air 
concert 

iHfcM ylnyue jia musician 
W xh#P% ylnyue xueyuan (music) 
conservatory 

ym TRAD §1 1 n silver II adj relating 
to money or currency 
IHfl yfnhang n bank (# jia) 
yfnhang jia banker 

M#IIfTchubei yfnhang reserve bank 
^ikUfTshangye yfnhang commercial 
bank 

^^l^fTtouzT yfnhang investment bank 
mHP yfnmu n projection screen, screen 
Y * n ADJ 1 pornographic 2 excessive 

\W$ yfnhui adj pornographic, obscene 



ymgdang 



31 



yin v lead, provoke 



31# yindao v guide, lead 
3 lift yin jin v introduce, import 
3I^S yinqi v give rise to, lead to, cause, 
arouse 

3IA?±@ yinren zhumu idiom eye-catch- 
ing, conspicuous 
3|Ayinru v lead into, introduce 
3133 yinyong v quote, cite 
3liHyinydu v lure, seduce 
| ym trad [H v hide, conceal 

Rflp 

Pt,i$C yinbi v take cover, conceal 
Ptll yincang v hide 

Pi>j||P1jft!i7f yincang de difang hideaway 
I® yin man v conceal (facts) 
Pf.i^^^Byinman zhenxiang cover up 
the truth 

PH^J yinyue adj 1 indistinct, faint 2 vague 
AfryTn trad tX v drink 

yK 

'iXM- yinliao n drink, beverage 
yinshf n food and drink 

yinshfye catering industry, catering 
yinyongshui n drinking water 

yinyongshui non-drinking 

water 



HP 



yin v print 



i*Hp yingyin photocopy 
f^HPtilyingyinjT photocopier 
HP^ yin ran v print and dye (textiles) 

HPJ^IJ yinshua v print (books, pamphlets, 
etc.) 

TOjr yinshuachang N print shop, print- 
ing press 

HPfljlJfll yinshuajT n printing machine, 
press 

HPffi'Jpn yinshua pin n printed matter 
HP#, yinxiang n impression 
in" -^THP#gei...liuxia yinxiang leave 
an impression on ... 
raying trad I® modal v Same as 
/-A yTnggai 

ylngdang modal v Same as )*L\% 
yTnggai 



209 




JS® yinggai 

fill; yTnggai modal v should, ought to 
-tt-yTng adj outstanding 

YTngguo n England, Britain, the UK 
yTngjun adj (of men) handsome, 
attractive 

yTngjun qlngnian handsome 
young man 

yTngmmg adj wise, brilliant 
YTngwen n the English language 
(especially the writing) 
yfngxiong n hero 
ylngyong adj heroic 
YTngyu N the English language 
jo ying trad 51 n baby 

HJLyTng'er baby ( > b ge) 
urn ylng n oriental cherry 



inghua cherry blossom 
jg|| ylng n eagle 

laoylng eagle (K zhi) 

^Eilf tuyTng bald eagle 
4iny |n g v meet, receive, welcome (See 
aHI huanying) 

MfJc yfngjie v meet, greet 

t ying trad § I v operate II n (mili- 
tary) battalion 

If-fcyfngzhang battalion commander 
ymgyang n nutrition, nourishment 
If ik yfngye v (of a commercial or service 
establishment) do business 
IfikM ymgyeyuan n shop assistant, 
salesperson 

If.tfkH'tfilJ yfngye shfjian n business hours 

■r u yfng n surplus 

ITTT- 

yfngli I v make profit, reap profit 
II n profit 

yfng trad $1 n fly (See 
\ cangying.) 

Kt y fr| g trad m v win (a game), beat 
L (a rival) 

B^yTngN 1 shadow 
i^'FyTngzi shadow 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



2 image, reflection 

yTngpian n movie, film (§P bu) 
ylngxiang I v influence, affect II n 
influence 

II yYng adj clever (See xinying) 

j^ymg trad 0, v respond 

ULm yingchou v engage in social activi- 
ties, entertain 

yingfu v 1 cope with 2 do perfunctorily 
jSuifr yingyao adj at the invitation of, on 
invitation 

ylngyong v apply 

JSW-W ylngyong kexue n applied 
science 

gfc ylng v reflect (See fanying.) 

I^ymg adj (of substance) hard, tough 

yingjian n (in computing) hardware 
+|TJ yong TRAD W. v 1 embrace 
2 crowd, swarm 3 own, possess 
yongbao v embrace, hug 
$0*^ yongjT I v push, push and shove 
II adj crowded 
M-& yongyou v possess, own 
to yong n servant 

nuyong woman servant 
iMA yongren n servant 

yong ADJ I mediocre 2 second- 
rate, inferior 
Wpmgyong mediocre, commonplace 
j^'f^yongsu adj vulgar 
TIC 76 " 9 adv forever 

tKA yong j id adj perpetual, everlasting 
AiS yongyuan adv forever 
ic y6ng v sing (See ffc D Jc geyong) 

W 6n9 v swim (See youyong) 

^ yong ADJ courageous, bold, brave 

MI& yonggan adj brave, bold, fearless 
yongql n courage 



210 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



Mi ydngshl n heroic warrior, hero 
Mi yongyu v have the courage to 
MiiAfi yongyu rencuo have the cour- 
age to admit one’s mistake 
yong v gush, surge 

iiHE yongxian v emerge in large numbers 
trj yong I v 1 use, (do something) 

/TJ with 2 need II n use, usefulness 

yongbuzhao idiom 1 there is no 
need to 2 useless 
M^byongchu n use 

M’/ir yongfa n the way to use, use, usage 
yonggong adj hardworking, diligent 
(student) 

MA 1 yonghu n user (of a product), 
consumer 

MJI yongju n utensil, appliance 
MM yongli v exert oneself (physically) 

M A yongren n Same as IftjA yongren 
yongtu n use, function 
yongy n intention, purpose 
vhi you adj 1 quiet, serene 2 dim, 
f I secluded 

you'an adj dim, gloomy 
gfejifi- youji ng adj quiet and secluded, 
serene 

youmo n humor 
f^ y6u adj remote 

youji u adj very long, long-standing, 
time-honored 

k you trad IS adj excellent, superior 



w 



youdian n strong point, merit 
youhui adj preferential, favorable 
y 6 u h ui j i a preferential price 
j)t fl. youliang adj fine, good 

youmei adj beautiful, graceful 
'tOiybusheng adj winning 
'ffcSi^youshengzhe winner 

yoush' n superiority, advantage 
/ tfc5feybuxian adj taking precedence, 
having priority 

youxiu adj outstanding, excellent 
youyi adj outstanding, exceptional 
youyue adj superior 



zSIifr youji 

ffcMl^youyuegan superiority complex 
jjtM youzh'i n superior quality, excellent 
quality 

you trad S I v worry II n sorrow, 
l/L anxiety 

youlii v feel anxious, worry 
tfclfP youyu adj melancholy, heavy- 
hearted 

jt y6u adv especially 

youqf adv especially 
J-# you prep 1 (introducing the agent 
!— of an action) by 2 (introducing man- 
ner or cause of an action) with 
MlftMJiL you cT ke jian idiom it can be 
seen that, this shows 

youyu I prep because of, owing to, 
due to II conj because 
J||j you I n oil II adj greasy (food) 

lit'/li] shiyou edible oil, cooking oil 
^Hfil shiyou petroleum, oil 
vfi® youhua n oil painting (i® fu) 
youliao n oil material 
W441=%y6uliaozudwu oil-bearing 
crops 

vftMyouni adj greasy 
vftH youtian n oilfield 
N uran * um 

jjjj| you trad HP n mail, post 

youbao n mailbag 
yougou n mail order 
ftPlr youji v mail, post 
fiPHj youju n post office 
ftPH youpiao n postal stamp (^tc zhang) 
ffiPlEfc youzheng n mail service, postal 
service 

W 6u trad M prep like, as 

$)tt P youru prep just like, just as 
$C?t youyu adj hesitant, wavering, 
procrastinating 
Jg^yOU v 1 play 2 tour 

Mlifr youjT v be engaged in guerrilla warfare 



211 




iifr^r youke 

you jlzha n guerrilla warfare 
'{j&^r youke n tourist, visitor (to a tourist 
attraction) 

ffi'M you Ian v go sightseeing, tour for 
pleasure 

^^a^youlanzhe tourist 
WK youren n Same as youke 
^icyouxi n game 

(%Sif)^3cft(diannao) youxijl (com- 
puter) play station, (electronic game) 
console 

(JLlH) (ertong) youxishi (kids’) 
playing room 

%"?“^3cdianzT youxi video game, 
electronic game 

T youxfng n 1 (celebratory) parade 
2 (protest) demonstration 
^T$?ff 7 juxmg youxfng hold a parade, 
hold demonstrations 
youyong v swim 

($±$C) wash! youyong 
(wayong) breaststroke 
§ ziyoushi youyong 

(ziyouyong) freestyle 

youyongchf N swimming pool 
ilftiiSf^‘/&shinei youyongchf indoor 
swimming pool (^ zud) 

youyongku n swimming trunks 
(^ tiao) 

youyongyl n swimsuit (14 1 jian) 

*• you n friend 



w 



%C§t you'ai n friendly affection 
"MM youhao adj friendly 
£'tf youqfng n friendly sentiments 
youren n friend 
Jtilt youyi n friendship 

you v 1 possess, have 2 exist, there 
is (are) 

meiyou do not possess, have no, do 
not exist, there is no 
W# youdai v remain, await 
youde pron some 
youdeshi v be plenty of, be abun- 
dant, not in short supply 
#(• — )iUL you(yi)dianr adv slightly, a 
little, somewhat 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



note: youdian, youdianr, 

youyidian, youyidianr 

mean the same thing. youdianr 

and youyidianr are only used in 

colloquial Chinese. 

youguan v have bearing on, have 
something to do with, be related to 
^ ilF youhai adj harmful 
^ tJl youjT adj organic 

youli adj forceful, powerful, strong 
youli adj favorable, advantageous 
youmfng adj famous, well-known 
youqian adj rich, wealthy 

note: See note on s’ fu. 

youqu adj interesting, amusing 
youshf adv Same as 
youshfhou 

WH^Myoushfhou adv sometimes 

youxiao adj 1 effective, efficacious 
2 valid 

youxiaoql term of validity, expi- 
ration date 

youxie pron Same as youde 
youyang yundong n aerobic 

exercise 

youyi v 1 have a mind to, be inclined 
2 Same as guyi 

you yisi adj meaningful, interesting 
meiyou yisi uninteresting, 
meaningless 

youyi adj beneficial 
youyong adj useful 
meiyou yong useless 
■fSv° u v induce, seduce 

youhuo v entice, seduce 
you n the right side 

youbian n the right side, the right- 
hand side 

$) you adj very young 

%JjJL you'er n young child between 2 and 
6 years old 

you'eryuan n kindergarten 



212 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



youzhi adj naive, childish 
*r^ you adv 1 again 2 moreover, ad- 
ditionally 

you. ..you... conj ... and also . 
both ... and ... 

note: See note on # zai. 

^ yu adj foolish 

MR 

MUyuchun adj foolish, stupid 
yumei adj ignorant and foolish 
f yu n chariot 



J&i&yulun n public opinion 
A,yu trad v spare (See qiyu, 
7T* yeyu.) 
gj yu TRAD M, N fish tiao) 

Jg yu n fishing 

Mlfr yuchuan n fishing boat (di sou) 
'MR yumfn n fisherman 
MRIyuwang n fishing net (iJtc zhang) 
Milk yu n fishery 
rB yu v amuse, give pleasure to 



yule I v entertain, amuse II n enter- 
tainment, amusement 
$*&¥&$} yule huodong recreation, 
recreational activities 
yu n pleasure 

fil'l^yukua adj 1 pleasant, joyful 
2 pleased, happy 

znyu trad jjt prep in, at (only used in 
written Chinese) 
yushi conj as a result, hence 
yu v give 

J'VJs yuy! give 

<^yuN 1 space 2 building 

yuzhou n the universe 
f— * yu trad Jff Same as |P he and jfll 
gen. Only used in written Chinese, 
yu cT tongshf idiom at the same 

time 



3£ yu 

^S--->J\$pyuqf...buru conj would rather 
... than 

-^K^tti&^nSfffryuqi' zuozhe 
tan, burn qT er xmg would rather get up 
and do something than sit here talking 

note: Pay attention to the different word 
orders of yuqL.buru and 

would rather ... than; while it is -^j^A'f'^P 
B in Chinese, in English it is would rather 
B than A. 

jjjlj yu trad ill n islet (See daoyu) 

yu n rain 

xia yu to rain 
yutian rainy day 
M7]t yushuT n rainwater, rainfall 
yu n raincoat 
n feather 






yumao n feather (IK gen) 
yumaoqiu n badminton, shut- 
tlecock (K zhT) 

yurong n eiderdown 
^IS^yurongyT eiderdown clothes, 
eiderdown coat 

-ffiiyu trad Ip I n language, words II v 
JkO speak, say 
ipiH yudiao n intonation 
yufa n grammar 
yuqi n tone, manner of speaking 
yuwen n speech and writing, 
language 

in'W yuyan n language (f J men, ft zhong) 
yu trad J&f v take part, participate 






zx yuhui v be present at a meeting 
(conference) 

yu n territory (See lingyu) 



yu trad If adj gloomy (See tfttP 
n r youyu) 

rrr yu trad IS v appeal (See Bf 
'X hGyu) 
yu n jade 



213 




3E7|t yumT 

3£^l!iyush6uzhu6 jade bracelet 
3 E 7 R yumT n com, maize gen) 

W yu v educate, nurture (See i&W 
jiaoyu, f^W tfyu, tfyuchang, 

Wit tiyuguan, yangyu) 
v bathe 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



HP 



»] 



L yushi N bathroom (|h| jian) 
yu v encounter 



iHi'J yudao v encounter, come across 
iMJAL yujian v meet (someone) unexpect- 
edly, come across, mn into 
tt yCl v explain (See tbPuu biyu) 

yu I v recover from illness 

M 

A^WJtbitdablng chu yu have just recov- 
ered from a serious illness 
II adv more 
yu n desire 

llt^shiyu desire for food, appetite 
't^^xingyu sex desire 
yuwang n desire 

^c^P&^^Mqiuzhl de yuwang desire 
to have more knowledge, hunger for 
knowledge 

trad H adv in advance 

iftHyubao n forecast, prediction 
if H- yubei v prepare, get ready 
ifil-^rt^yubei huTyi preparatory meet- 
ing 

yubei xuexiao preparatory 

school 

if $PJ yuce v forecast, predict 
if /E: y tiding v schedule, fix in advance 
ifiT y tiding v book, place an order 
jf I$j yufang v take precautionary meas- 
ures to prevent, prevent 
jf ■pf yugao v announce in advance 
jf it* yuji v project 
if £ yujian v foresee 
jf$j yuq v expect, anticipate 
if § yusai v trial match, preliminary 
contest 



jfH yusuan n budget 
jf ^3 yuxf v prepare lessons before class, 
preview 

if^fcyuxian adv in advance, beforehand 
jf W yuyan I v predict II n prediction, 
prophecy 

gudai shengren de 
yuyan prophecy made by ancient sages 
jf yuyue v make an appointment 
XJli yu trad M n prison (See USTR 
jianyu) 

# yil trad # n honor (See 
rongyu) 

4V yu adj abundant (See jal^S kuanyu) 



W 



► yu I v imply II reside 



gongyii apartment, apartment 
building 

yuyan n fable 

^yu n comfort (See ftfU youyu.) 

yuan n injustice, wrong 

yuanwang v treat unfairly, wrong 
|^yuan Nape 

3fiA yuanren n apeman 

Beijing Yuanren Peking man 
yuan n reason 

yuangu n reason, cause 
, „ 1 yuan ADJ first, primary 

jcJeL yuandan n New Year’s Day 
jtffi yuanjian n component part, com- 
ponent 

yuanshou n head of state 
TCjft yuansu n (chemical) element 
7cW yuanxiao n 1 xiW t* Yuanxiaojie, the 
Lantern Festival (the 1 5th of the first 
month in the Chinese lunar calendar) 

2 the traditional sweet dumpling for the 
Lantern Festival 

2 yuan m. wd (the basic unit of 
Li Chinese currency 1 tC yuan = 10 M 
jiao mao = 100 ft fen), yuan, dollar 



214 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



H 7 t;Meiyuan U.S. dollar 
0 jt Rlyuan Japanese yen 

note: tC yuan is the formal word for the 
basic unit of Chinese currency. In spoken 
Chinese kuai is more common. For 
instance, the sum of 50 yuan is usually 
written as 3l+ 7C wushi yuan, but spoken 
of as wushi kuai or 

wushi kuai qian. 

E3 yuan TRAD it n member (See it 
m M dangyuan, fuwuyuan, IeT 

M guanyuan, jishuyuan, 
jiaoyuan, AM renyuan, f|j*?M shouhuo- 
yuan, HM# weiyuanhui, iffM yanyuan, 
yundongyuan.) 

p=| yuan trad 0 n garden (See z$j%/ 
A I @ dongwuyuan, gongyuan, 

@ huayuan.) 

Jjpjj yuan ADJ original, former 

yuancailiao n raw material 
Mef yuangao n plaintiff, prosecutor 
yuanlai adj original, former 
Ht® yuanIT n principle, tenet 

S shengwuxue yuanIT princi- 
ples of biology 

Hi§C yuanliang v pardon, excuse, forgive 
WM yuanliao n raw material 
IM#n yuanshT adj primitive 
IMIS yuanyln n cause, reason 
IMiSl yuanyou n crude oil 
JMM'J yuanze n principle 
yuanzT n atom 

M'J^yuanzTdan atomic bomb 
JM'fHtbyuanzmeng atomic energy 
yuan n source, fountainhead 

yMJfl yuanquan n source, fountainhead 
jTETj yuan TRAD HI ADJ round, circular 

Mm yuanman adj totally satisfactory, 
perfect 

jg yuan v help 

HUj yuanzhu v aid, support 



ISI5ES yuelanshi 

yuan TRAD HI adj far, distant, 
remote (See MS yaoyuan) 

■ S - ■ • If.. .yuan... ... is far from ... 

ST; yuanfang n distant place 

yuanjmg n distant view, prospect 
rlyuan n courtyard 



BP 



Pjt-?-yuanzi n courtyard, compound 

M yuan trad 11 v wish, hope (See 
M xinyuan) 

MM yuanwang n wish, aspiration, desire 
MU yuanyi I modal v be willing, will 
II v wish, want 

^BYuan v resent, complain (See 
baoyuan, manyuan) 
yu< trad adv Same as A^J 



m 



dayue. Used in written Chinese, 
tilzx yuehui n (social) appointment, 
engagement, date 

yueshu v restrain, bind 
yue N 1 month 2 the moon 



n 



— ^ ylyue January 

shferyue December 
^ yuefen n month 
0^ ^siyuefen April 
mt yueguang n moonlight 
^ ^ yueliang n the moon 
% yueqiu n the Moon (as a scientific 
term) 

rf yue TRAD M n music 

aK 

JfclAyuedui n band, orchestra 
ifcfl yueqi n musical instrument 
yuequ n melody 

+4^ yue I adv even more II v get over, 
jump 

itSii yuegud v cross, surmount 

yuelaiyue. adv more and more 
■■■ yue. ..yue... adv the more ...the 
more ... 

ir u * adj pleased (See Hdl. xTyue) 

m vu ' e trad H9 v read 

iHl yuedu v read seriously 

yuelanshi n reading room (|bJ jian) 



215 




©C yue 

trad M v leap 

yuej'in v leap forward 
fgH yue n a shortened form for 'T'fc 
"*==T Guangdong 

-Hin' Yueyu Guangdong dialect, Canton- 
ese 

f yun v divide evenly, even up 






y U n TRAD 3? N cloud 

7a 

^TTduoyun cloudy 
■zrij0 yuncai N clouds 
yun v allow 



A' 



yunxu v allow, permit 
v=i 1 y U H trad M v transport, carry 

yundong I v do physical exercises 
II n physical exercises 
is^^yundonghui n sports meet, games 
AoImpYke yundonghui 
the Olympic Games 

yundongxie n sport shoes 
yundongyuan n athlete, sports- 
man, sportswoman 

yunshu I v transport, carry II n 
transportation 

yunsong v transport, ship 
yunsuan v operate (a mathematical 
problem) 

isfr yunxrng v move, be in motion 
isM yunyong v use, apply, put into use 
yunzhuan v revolve, turn around 
\Zi 2 yun trad HI n fortune, luck 

iS'H yunqi n good luck 

yun trad H v hold in store 

HiHyuncang v hold in store, contain 
Ml &iUI shfyou yuncangliang oil 
reserves 

yun trad 1m v brew, make wine 

Isil yunniang v 1 brew, ferment 2 delib- 
erate, prepare mentally 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



yun trad HI ADJ dizzy, giddy 
yun n rhyme 
yunmu n vowel 

Ttj yun n pregnancy (See huai- 
yun) 



m 



za v smash, break 



^uza trad ?! adj 1 miscellaneous, 
sundry 2 mixed, mingled, disorderly 
zafei sundry charges 
zaji n acrobatics 

zajituan acrobatic troupe 
zaji yanyuan acrobat 
zajiao v hybridize, cross 
j&itL zaluan adj disorderly, in a jumble 
5$:^ zashi N miscellaneous matters, odd 
jobs 

zawen n essay of social commentary 
zazhi n magazine ben, # zhong) 
zazhi n (in chemistry) foreign 
substance 

|“t£* Za adv how, why (a Northern 
I ' dialectal word) 
zai v plant 

zaipei v cultivate and grow 
za i trad N disaster, calamity 

^j/chanzai drought 
jA^Athuozai fire 
7jCj^shuTzai flooding, floods 
zaihai n disaster, calamity 
S^^ciiFziran zaihai natural disaster 
zaihuang n famine caused by a 
natural disaster 

'ifcM. zai nan n great suffering caused by a 
natural disaster, calamity chang) 
^7§'|4jp^:zainanxing houguo disas- 
trous consequences 
H-» za i v slaughter 



216 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



tf zao 



tuzai butcher, slaughter 
za I v carry, be loaded with 






zaizhong n load, carrying capacity 
Za adv again, once more 



note: # zai and X you are both glossed 
as again, but they have different usage: X 
you is used in the context of a past situa- 
tion while ^ zai is used for a future situa- 
tion. Here is a pair of examples: 
iflSlJTc Ta zuotian you chi'dao le. She 
was late (for work, school, etc.) again yes- 
terday.-, Mingtian 

n! bu yao zai chidao le. Please do not be 
late again tomorrow. 



HJjiL zaijian v see you again, goodbye 
zaisan adv over and over again 
#ij£ zaishuo adv 1 what’s more, besides 
2 later, some other time 
I prep in, on, at 






^•••Mzai...li in 
^ •_hzai...shang on 
Tzai...xia under ... 

$*• • zai...zhT jian between 
II v be in 

zaihu v care, care about 



note: zaihu is normally used in a 

negative sentence, or a question. The same 
is true with ^E;®; zaiyi. 

zaiyi v take notice of, mind, care 



note: See note on zaihu. 



zaiyu v lie in, rest with 
^E)|* zaizuo v be present (at a meeting) 
-/r* 2 za I adv (used to indicate an action 
injprogress) 

f zan pron Same as BgffJ zanmen 






n§{f] zanmen pron we, us (including the 
person or persons spoken to) 



note: BSlfl zanmen is only used in col- 
loquial Chinese, and has a Northern dia- 
lect flavor. You can always just use 



fil women, even to include the person(s) 
spoken to. The following example is 
perfectly acceptable: 

Ml [ Ml ] NT 

zai xue Zhongwen, wo ye zai xue 
Zhongwen, women [zanmen] dou zai 
xue Zhongwen. You’re learning Chinese. 
I’m learning Chinese. We’re both learning 
Chinese. 



zan trad iff v save (money) 
j$H?%zanqian save money 

TRAD ADJ tem P orar y 

W-B. zanqie adv for the time being, for 
the moment 

IfHt zanshf adv temporarily, for the time 
being 

zan trad ft v 1 support, favor 
2 praise, commend 

ft zancheng v approve of, support, be 
in favor of 

ffit zan me v eulogize, praise highly 
zanshang v appreciate, admire 
zantan v gasp in admiration 
zantong v endorse, approve of 
^f^zanyang v praise publicly 
fflfrzanzhii v support, sponsor 
Oth zang trad ffp ADJ dirty (See JJ/iM 
/JaL angzang) 

MJf}: angzang filthy, dirty 

zang trad M n internal organs 
)ijL (See xTnzang) 

zang v bury (a human body) 

HfL zang IT n funeral 

zao v meet with (misfortune) 

iilllHl zaodao v suffer, encounter, meet 
with 

zaoshou v suffer, be subjected to 
MPk zaoyang v suffer disasters, be subject 
to terrible suffering 
iiiM zaoyu v encounter, meet with 
zao adj messy, wretched 






217 




IIS zaogao 

Iff#, zaogao I adj in a mess, terrible, 
very bad II inter j How terrible! What 
bad luck! 

zaota v 1 ruin, waste, spoil 2 abuse, 
violate 

zao v chisel 



M 



zao n date (a fruit) 



4 



zao n soap (See xiangzao.) 



zao v 1 make, build 2 invent, 
fabricate 

zaocheng v result in, give rise to 
zaofan v rise in rebellion, rebel 
jia'ffi' zaojia n cost (of building or manu- 
facturing) 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



jalj zaoju I v make sentences 

yong suo gei de ciyu 
zaoju make sentences with the given 
words 

II n sentence-making 
3a®! zaoxmg n modelling 



zaoshu date tree 
^-f-zaozi date (® ke) 
la^mizaQ candied date 
fcjj zao I adj early II good morning 
■T* (See note below) 

note: A common greeting among the 
Chinese when they meet in the morning is 
Ip zao or NT zao. 

IP-M zaochen n early morning (approxi- 
mately 6-9 a.m.) 

zaodian Same as Ip til zaofan 
zaofan n breakfast ($M dun) 

Ip-UJ zaoqT n early stage, early phase 
ip* 0 zaori n at an early date, soon 
#.± zaoshang n Same as IPM zaochen 
ip-ii& zaowan I n morning and evening 
II adv sooner or later 
IPB zaoyT adv long ago, for a long time 
w*° n bath (See xizao.) 

zao adj rash, impetuous (See 
. - M jizao) 

P| z a° adj noisy 

Vjikm zaoyln n noise 
^WV5^czaoyTnwuran noise pollution, 
white pollution 

jLJgL zao adj dry (See ganzao.) 



m 



zao n stove 



Z£: trad III conj in that case, then 



note: 10 ze is only used in formal Chi- 
nese. In everyday Chinese, use W> na or $[$ 
^ name instead. See note on name. 

~=4=» ze TRAD Jt I N duty II v scold 

M 

H j§- zebei v reproach, blame 

zebei de kouqi a reproach- 
ful tone 

zeguai v blame 
zeren n 1 responsibility, duty 
2 responsibility for a fault or mistake 
zerengan n sense of responsibility 
ze trad W v choose (See jft# 
xuanze.) 

Ze trad W n pool, pond (See 
lx zhaoze) 

JjJjji zei TRAD M N thief 

Zen adv how, why 

zenme adv 1 how, in what manner 
2 no matter how (used with #[$ dou or -til 
ye) 3 why, how come 4 how can ... 

zenmeban adv what’s to be done? 
zenmeleADV what happened? 
zenmeyang adv 1 Same as 
zenme 1 (= how) 2 how 3 how’s that? is 
it OK? 

zenyang adv Same as fe&W 
zenmeyang. Used in writing, 
zeng v add, increase 

Iff* 1 zengchan v increase production 
if ijfl zengjia v increase 
if iS zengjin v promote, enhance 
if zengqiang v strengthen 



218 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



MSS zhanxian 



if iit zengshe v add (a new office, a new 
department, etc.), introduce (a new 
course of study) 

zengtian v provide (additional 
equipment, evidence, etc.) 
if zengtian renyuan he 

shebei provide more personnel and 
equipment 

iftH zengyuan I n (military) reinforce- 
ments II v send reinforcements 
if i zengzhang v increase, grow 
|| z eng v present a gift 

If zengsong v present as a gift 

xiang zhuren zengsong 
ITwu present a gift to the host 
fflD zengyue v give (a book, a publica- 
tion) as a complimentary copy 
zhc v prick, stab 



tv 



zhashi adj solid, sturdy 
zha n dregs, residue 

^’^meizha coal cinders 

zhazT n sediment, dregs, residue 
[ zhi n floodgate 



1ST 



ft 



zha v explode, burst 



zhadan N bomb ($t mei) 
tJ5^?^reng zhadan drop a bomb 
zhayao n dynamite, explosives 
3IJWK5 yTnbao zhayao set off an 
explosive 

- zha v cheat, swindle 



ft 3 



zhapian v defraud, swindle 
i^li$Bzhapianfan swindler 
Zhi v press, extract 

zhacai n hot pickled mustard tuber 



zhai v pick, pluck 

If® zhaiyao I n abstract, summary 
ifc^fitillunwen zhaiyao abstract of an 
academic or scholarly paper 
II v make a summary 

zhai n residence, house. (See ft 
— ^ zhuzhai) 

Zhai adj narrow (See xiazhai) 
zhai n debt 

lit 

j&Mhuanzhai to pay off/settle a debt 
ffH« jiezhai to borrow money, to get a 
loan 

AM qianzha to owe a debt 

HM yao zha: to demand repayment of a 

debt 

M^ zhaiwu n debt, liabilities 
M^FAzhaiwuren debtor 
Mi zhaizhu n creditor 

zhai n stockade, stockaded village 



^ zhan v look up or forward 



fUn zha men n 1 sluice gate 2 throttle valve 
Zha v blink, wink 

fafflETSOII xiang wo zha le zha yan 
winked at me 






[ip zhanyang v look at with reverence 
zhan v be stained with 



zhanguang v benefit from associa- 
tion, sponge off 
zhan v display 

Mdi zhanchu v be on show, put on 
display 

Mi zhankai v caiTy out, launch 
Mia zhanlan I v put on display, exhibit 
II n exhibition, show 
Mia^ zhanlanhui Same as M)!a II n 
M^ zhanshi v display, show 
MM zhanwang I v look into the distance, 
look into the future 
MMA^zhanwangweilai foresee the 
future, predict the future 
II n general view regarding future 
developments 

MSS zhanxian v present before one’s eyes 



219 




Mil zhanxiao 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



Hfli zhanxiao v show and advertise 
(products) 

'^^^fjf^-q'iche zhanxiaohui automo- 
bile fair, auto fair 

zhan trad wd (for lamps) 



9f 



zhan TRAD jfpT v chop, cut 



1 zhan cao chu gen idiom cut the 

weeds and dig up the roots ( — > destroy 
root and branch, remove the root of 
trouble completely) 

zhan trad (fT as in #f§T zhanxTn 

^|jf zhanxTn adj brand-new 



^ zhan v 



occupy 



zhanlTng v occupy, seize 
t^jp^zhanllngjun occupation troops 
dJ'fliJr zhan pianyi v gain additional 
advantage at others’ expenses 
zhanyou v possess, own 
t^'^W^J^'fezhanyou youli diwei oc- 
cupy an advantageous position 
hli. zhan trad fic n 1 war, warfare 
Ra 2 fight, battle 

zhanchang n battleground, battlefield 
$4 zhandou v combat, fight 

zhanliie n military strategy, strategy 
zhansheng v triumph over, defeat 
zhanshi n soldier, fighter 
zhanshu n military tactics 
zhanxian n battle line 
zhanyi n military campaign 
zhanyou n army buddy 
i^i#- zhanzheng n war 
v stand 

^^^zhan qllai stand up 

zhangang v stand guard, be on 
sentry duty 

^2 zh an n station, stop 



chuzu qiche zhan taxi stand 
^c4^huoche zhan railway station 
qiche zhan coach/bus station, 
bus stop 



zhanzhang n railway/coach station- 
master 

zhang trad 51 v open, spread 

51i§ zhangwang v look around 
2J/ 2 zhang trad 51 m. wd (for paper, 
bed, table etc.) 

— yi zhang zhT a piece of paper 
liang zhang chuang two beds 
san zhang zhuozi three tables/ 

desks 

gt/ 3 Zhang trad 51 n a common 
family name 

Zhang xiansheng/ 
taitai/xiaojie Mr/Mrs/Miss Zhang 
~tV. zhang n chapter (See jCM 
wenzhang) 

zhangcheng n regulations (for an 
organization) 

d£^ zhang v clear, evident (See 
® ' biaozhang) 

zhang n hand, palm 

T#n$f|£liao ru zhTzhang know ... like 
the back of one’s hand 
'Ip’if zhangguan v be in charge of 

zhangshang diannao n palm- 
top, hand-held computer 

zhangsheng N clapping, applause 
zhang wo v have a good command of, 
know well 

L^_ 1 Zhang TRAD Ivl grow 2 grow 
to be, look 

L/ 2 zhang trad M n chief (See 
IK xiaozhang) 

zhang trad US v rise, go up 

zhangjia v (of prices) rise 
Ij^! zhang trad ifil n curtain, canopy 

1^31 zhangpeng n tent 

da zhangpeng pitch a tent 
ijjj/ 2 zhang trad II n account 

^jt^cha zhang examine an account, 
audit 

Ifl^suan zhang compute income and 



220 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



M zhao 



expense, settle accounts 

note: i|ifc zhang account is also written as 

#e,e.g. «, 



) zhangdan n bill 

fu dianhua zhangdan pay 
the phone bill 

zhang mu n items of an account 
Ifc S S^/lf zhangmu biiqTng accounts not 
in order 

flj, zhang TRAD M V Swell 
f ±£. zhang v hinder, obstruct 



# 



zhang'ai n obstacle, barrier 

paichu zhang'ai clear an 

obstacle 

Zhang n 1 senior 2 husband 



3t 



zhangfu n husband 
\ Zhao v beckon, attract 






IS??F zhaodai v receive or entertain (a 
guest) 

IS## zhaodaihui n reception (a social 
function) 

iB#ISt##jizhe zhaodaihui press 
conference 

IS^ zhaohu v call, shout at 
IllS^da zhaohu 1 greet 2 inform casu- 
ally, tell 

ISH zhaopin v advertise for a position, 
recruit (employees) 

ISSf/^pf zhaopin guanggao advertise- 
ment for employment 

IS:£ zhaosheng v enrol new students, 
recruit students 

zhaosheng bangongshi 
(college and university) enrolment office 

IS l|fc zhaoshou v recruit 
IS^iA zhaoshou gongren recruit 
workers 

zhaoshou xuesheng enroll 
new students 

IS ^ zhaoshou v wave (one’s hand), beckon 
I zh n early morning 



|I] zhaoqi N youthful spirit 

zhaoqi pengbo full of youth- 
ful spirit, full of vigor and vitality 
II# zhaoxl n morning and evening, daily 
II#lS#t zhaoxl xiangchu be together 
from morning till night 
^ zhdO v catch 



1i zhaojf v be anxious, be worried 
If /jjC zhaoliang v catch a cold 
-kli. zhao v look for, search for 



zhaodao v find 
'77 zhao n pond 

m 

’/S’/? zhaoze n swamp, marsh 

/?% zhaozedi swamp, marshland 
zhao v summon 



£ 



IT 



zhaojf v call, convene 

zhaojf jfTnjf huiyi convene 
an emergency meeting 
iSTF zhaokai v convene (a conference) 
CTg 1 zhao v l take a photo 2 look in a 
mirror 3 shine, light up 
MM zhaogu v look after, care for 
Mz; zhaohui n (diplomatic) note 
Mil zhaoliao v take care of, attend to 
MflB&l^zhaoliao richang shiwu 
take care of day-to-day affairs 
MIS zhaomfng n lighting, illumination 
M§Si:5ilr zhaomfng shebei lighting 
equipment 

MX zhaopian n photograph, picture, 
snapshot (^tc zhang) 

Mil zhaoshe v shine on, light up 
MIS zhaoxiang v take a picture 
MlSlfj zhaoxiangguan N photographic 
studio 

MlSlH zhaoxiangjT n camera (^ jia, S? 
tai) 

MIS III sh u ma zhaoxiangjT digital 
camera 

MM zhaoyao v shine, illuminate 
MiS zhaoying v look after, take care of 
ffg 2 zhao prep according to, in the 
manner of 



221 




M ft zhaochang 

zhaochang adv as usual 
zhaol'i adv as usual, as a rule 
zhaoyang adv in the same old way 
PgJ Zhao v cover, overspread 



'Jif zh ^° n sign, omen 



% 



fM^yuzhao omen, presage 
\ zh v hide from view 



tlr 



zhe as in JlfM zheteng 



tjflli zheteng v 1 do over and over again 
2 cause suffering 

-hr*. zh< I v convert to, amount to II n 
discount, reduction (in price) 
t/f'o' zhehe v convert to, amount to 
tJflif zhemo I v cause much mental or 
physical suffering II n suffering 

shou bingtong de zhemo 
suffer terribly from the disease 
^zhe adj wise 

zhexue N philosophy 
^p^zhexuejia philosopher 

# zhe suffix (a nominal suffix denot- 
ing a person or people) (See 
duzhe, jizhe, zuozhe.) 
zhe TRAD IS PRON this 






32H V zhege pron this one, this 
zhehuir n now, this time 
3&JI zheli N this place, here 

note: In spoken Chinese j&JH. zheli can be 
replaced by i>CjL zher. 

zheme adv like this, in this manner 
zhemezhe adv like this, so 
32^5 zhexie pron these 
32l# zheyang adj 1 such 2 Same as 
zheme. Used only in writing. 

3^#“*^ zheyang yilai adv consequently 
zhe n sugarcane (See ganzhe) 



on) 



„ zhe particle (used after a verb to 
indicate the action or state is going 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



zhei trad IS pron. Same as j>c 
zhe. Used colloquially. 

-rA. zhen ADJ valuable 

zhengui adj precious, valuable 
3Mb zhenx v cherish dearly, value highly 
zhenzhu n pearl (Hi ke) 
^^c^^zhenzhu xianglian pearl neck- 
lace 

zhen adj true, real 

JtM zhencheng adj sincere, genuine 
I® zhenhua n truth 

zhenkong vacuum 
Jpjt zhen IT n truth 

zhenshf adj true, real, authentic 
JPHJ zhenxiang n the real situation, actual 
facts 

JUll' zhenxln n sincerity 
JuE zhenzheng adj true, real, genuine 
ir_L zhen n I needle (f& gen) 2 injec- 
Tl tion 

ft*# dazhen give an injection, get an 
injection 

## zhendui v aim at, be aimed at 

zhenjiu I n acupuncture and moxi- 
bustion II v give or receive acupuncture 
and moxibustion treatment 
I jhp zhen trad M ADJ loyal, faithful 



A 

/J^ Zhen trad lit v detect 

m 

{Sil zhencha v reconnoiter, scout 

zhencha weixTng reconnais- 
sance (spy) satellite 
{Sl^zhentan n detective 
fAAlSI^ siren zhentan private detec- 
tive, private eye 

-}^ zh6n trad v examine (a patient) 

m zhenduan I v diagnose 

zhenduan wei liang- 
xing zhongliu diagnosed as a benign 
tumor 

II n diagnosis 

'f^tBi^ilTzuochu zhenduan make a 
diagnosis 



222 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



zhen n pillow 



tfc 

^fc^tzhentou pillow (K zhi) 

2H trad n column or row 
r ' of troops 

zhendi N (military) position 
zhen rang n layout of troops 
zhenxian n (military) front 
zhenying n military camp 
[7^2 zhen trad W m. wd (for an action 
"or event that lasts for some time) 
zhenyu shower 
Zhen v arouse to action 

zhendong v vibrate 
DiisF zhenfen v stimulate, excite 

lingren zhenfen de 
xiaoxi exciting news 

zhenxTng v promote, develop 
Zhen I n rural town II v suppress 

zhendi ng adj composed, calm 

zhendi ng ji sedative (a medicine) 
m zhenjing adj calm, composed 
mm zhentong I v ease pain II n analgesia 
zhentongyao analgesic medi- 
cine, pain-killer 

fltEE zhenya v suppress, put down 
Zhen v shake 

ffeUdizhen earthquake 
MW zhendang v vibrate 
M*J] zhendong v shake, quake 
ftf# zhenjTng v be greatly surprised, be 
shocked 

k Zheng as in lE.£j zhengyue 



zhengq 

Wfl zhengzha v struggle desperately 
4 X zheng trad W v solicit 



W 



IE : 



IE^ zhengyue n the first month of the 
lunar year 

zheng v steam 

zhengfa v evaporate 
MH zhengqi n steam 

zhengqi jT n steam engine 
zhengqi yii N sauna 
^ Z heng as in zhengzha 



zhengq iu v solicit, ask for 
Zheng v 1 strive 2 argue 






zhenglun v dispute, debate 
zhengqi v work hard to win honor 
wei fumu zhengqi work 
hard to win honor for one’s parents 
zhengq u v strive for, fight for 
zhengyi n dispute 

you zhengyi de went! 
issue in dispute, a controversial matter 
zheng n l a musical instrument, 
zheng 2 kite 
jx^pfengzheng kite 

Zheng v open (the eyes) 

1 Zheng ADJ whole, full, entire 

zhengge adj whole, entire 
m zhengshu n (in maths) whole 
number, integer 

m- zhengtT N whole, entirety, (some- 
thing) as a whole 

i^ll^-ti&cong zhengtT shang shuo 
on the whole 

HA zhengtian n the whole day, all the 
time 

zhengtian baoyuan grumble 
all the time 

86 zhengzheng adj whole, full 
HH — zhengzheng yi ge xlngqT 
a full week, the entire week 

2 Zheng I ADJ in good order, neat, 
tidy II v put in order 

m zhengdun v put in order, improve, 
re-organize 

zhengdun jilu enforce disci- 
pline 

Hipf zhengjie adj clean and tidy 
H® zheng IT v put in order, tidy up 
m zhengqi adj in good order, neat and 
tidy 

HH^f^fzheng-zheng-qi-qi (an em- 
phatic form of zhengqi) 



223 




IE zheng 

“P Zheng I ADJ 1 straight, upright 
2 standard, normal, regular II adv 
S ame as IE7&: zhengzai 
IE 'ft' zhengchang adj normal, regular 
IE^ zhengdang conj just when, just as 
IE^ zhengdang adj proper, legitimate 
IEi3$Unt zhengdang quanyi legitimate 
rights and interests 
lEi?, zhenggu adj regular, standard 
IE#? zhenghao I adj just right II adv 
chance to, by coincidence 
IE££ zhengjing adj 1 decent, proper 
2 serious, not frivolous 
— AlE£5yi ben zhengjing in all seri- 
ousness, sanctimonious 
IE® zhengmian I n facade, the obverse 
side II adj positive 
JEM zheng pa adj upright, decent 
jEMAzhengpairen a decent person 
lEPJ zhengqiao adv as it happens, just at 
the right moment 

IE5jt zhengque adj correct, accurate 
JEj^zhengshl adj formal, official 
IE?E zhengzai adv (used before a verb to 
indicate the action is in progress) 
IE?E- f Mzhengzai...ne Same as !E?t 
zhengzai but with a casual, friendly tone 
; zheng trad t! n proof, certificate 



8 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



zheng n governance, government 



HE 3 



#?HiEshenfen zheng ID card 
^feUExueshengzheng student ID card 
iiE^ 1 zhengjian n paper or document 
proving one’s identity, e.g a passport, 
an ID card 

IEM zhengju n evidence, proof 

zhengmfng I v prove, testify II n 
certificate 

chu zhengmfng issue a certifi- 
cate 

lii^ilE^ chusheng zhengmfng birth 
certificate 

UEft zhengshu n certificate fen, ^ 
zhang) 

^ilkijE^ biye zhengshu diploma 
^fuE^jiehun zhengshu marriage 
license, marriage certificate 



zhengbian n coup d’etat 
itH zhengce n government policy 
zhengdang n political party 
zhengfu n government 
zhengquan n 1 political power 
2 government, regime 

zhengzhi n politics, governance 
zheng n disease 

jfzheng acute disease, (medical) 
emergency 

^SHtjfzhfcng shi emergency room 

i ER) 

zhengzhuang n symptom 
zheng v work to earn (money) 

^f^^’?§^^zhengqian yanghuo 
quanjia work to earn money so as to 
provide for the family 

Zheng TRAD HP as in £|$il zheng- 
P zhong 

zhengzhong adj solemn, serious 
-y zhl particle Same as de. Used 
in written Chinese or certain set 
expressions. 

2. jo zh7 hou prep after, behind 
211 ’h] zhl jian prep between 
zhl qian prep before 
zhl wai prep outside, apart from 
2lT zhl xia prep below, under 
3L — zhl yT n one of 
^4* zhl zhong prep between, among 
■^zhT as in zhima 

zhima n sesame (© li) 

-fc* l zhTlv 1 prop up, sustain 2 send 
away II n branch 

zhlbu n branch (of a political party) 
zhlcheng v prop up, shore up 
zhlchf v support 

zhlchu I v pay, expend II n expendi- 
ture, expenses 
zhlfu v pay 
zhlliu n tributary 
zhlpei v 1 allocate, arrange 



224 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



zhipei youxian 
de zljTn rationally allocate limited funds 
2 control, determine 

zhTpiao n (in banking) check, cheque 
(5tc zhang) 

j^^il^Mduixian zhTpiao cash a check 
zhlyuan v, n support, aid 
3C& zhTzhu n mainstay, pillar 
^£2zhT m. wd (for stick-like things) 

yi zhl bT a pen 

^ zhT n twig, branch (f& gen) 

)T hT n limb 

_tt£shangzh7 upper limbs 
~Ft£xiazh7 lower limbs 
P zhT trad Mm. wd (for animals, 
y'N utensils, objects normally occurring 
in pairs, etc.) 

— yi zhl shou a hand 

liang zhl gou two dogs 
£n zhT v know, be aware of 

zhldao v know 

zhljue n consciousness, senses 
M.R zhlshi n knowledge 

zhlshi jlngji knowledge 

economy 

zhl as in zhTzhu 

Mfc zhTzhu N spider (K zhT) 
®I^f«IzhTzhuwang spider web 
ZhT n fat, grease 






USAS zhifang N fat 
.zhT n juice 



ft 5 



JPLff'guozhi fruit juice 
fyn zhl trad HI v weave (See 
•r/\ fangzhT, zuzhT.) 
ml zhf trad il v 1 grasp, persist 2 take 
, V charge, manage 

zhffa v enforce the law 
zhfxrng v carry out, implement, 
execute 

zhfxrng zonggongsT 



IJRtt zhfquan 

de zhlshi carry out instructions from the 
company HQ 

zhfzhao n license, permit 

jiashT zhfzhao driver’s license 
If^iftHlyfngye zhfzhao business 
permit 

zhfzheng v (of a political party) 
govern, be in power 
^Ul^Mizhfzhengdang ruling party 
j=L zhf adj straight, direct 

J0£ zhfda adv nonstop, through 
J[?|J zhfdao prep until, till 
Jlllc zhfjie adj direct 
JlfS zhfjing n diameter 
lE$fr7ff zhfxiashi n metropolis under 
the direct jurisdiction of the central 
government (the metropolises of Beijing, 
Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing) 
zhfxian n straight line (^ tiao) 
zhfzhi conj until 
zhi l n value II v 1 be worth 2 be 
on duty 
zhfban v be on duty 
zhfde v be worth 
Zhfv plant, grow 



m 



zhfwu n plant, flora 
zhfwuxue N botany 
liL^^l^zhiwuxuejia botanist 

zhfwuyuan n botanical garden 
M Zh ' v breed 

SIP: zhfmfn v colonize 
SlP:Mzhfmfndi colony 
SlP:3iJ»C zhfmfn zhuyi colonialism 
n one’s brother’s child 

zhfnu n one’s brother’s daughter 
"M-f- zhfzi n one’s brother’s son 
Ttr\ zhi trad Wt n job, profession, office 
*T/\ 

zhfcheng n professional title 
1RX zhfgong n staff (of a factory, a com- 
pany, an enterprise, etc.), employee(s) 
IRtb zhfneng n function 
IRtlt zhfquan N authority of office 



225 




IP,# zhi'wu 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



W& zhi'wu n official duties and obliga- 
tions, post 

IRik zhfye n occupation, profession, 
vocation 

zhfyebing n occupational disease 
zhfye jieshaosuo n employ- 
ment agency 

zhfyuan n office worker, clerk (£ 
mfng) 

jt zhT v stop (pain, cough, thirst, etc.) 
rr zhT TRAD ADV only 

Kllj 1 zhTdei v have got to, have to 
K^F.If&i^.W'^zhTdei zhao ta shuode 
zud have got no choice but do as he told 

KM zhTgu v care only about, be absorbed 
in 

KJlH^zhigu zhuanqian only care 
about making money 

Kl? zhTguan v do as you wish, do not 
hesitate to 

RM zhThao adv have no choice but 

K;ll zhlshi adv only, just 

KH zhTyao conj so long as, provided 
that, if only 

KW zhlyou I adv can only, have no 
choice but II conj only, only if 
tj l zhT i n finger 



% 



shouzhi finger (f& gen, ri" ge) 

II v 1 point at, point to 2 refer to, allude 
to, mean 

zhltou (shouzhftou) n Same 
as shouzhi 

zhibiao n target, quota 
lB zhTchu v point out 
tif ^ zhTjia n fingernail 
i&tx ¥ xiG zhTjia do fingernails, mani- 
cure fingernails 

2 zhl vl guide, refer to 2 reply on, 
counton 

zhTdao v guide, direct, supervise 
zhTdaoyuan n political instructor 
(in the Chinese People’s Liberation Army) 

zhTdao slxiang n guiding 
principle 



JhTE zhTding v appoint, designate 
la^^^f^^zhTding falii daibiao ap- 
point a legal representative 

zhThuT v command, direct, conduct 
ta^B^zhThuTbu headquarters 
zhTling n instruction, order 
zhTmfng v point out, show clearly 
zhTnanzhen n compass 
7K zhTshi I v 1 instruct 2 indicate II n 1 
instruction 2 indication 
zhTshu n index 

Dao QiongsT zhTshu Dow 
Jones Index 

JhM zhTwang v count on, expect 
Jlfff zhTzhen N (needle) indicator, pointer 
£j£zhl trad m, n paper (^fe zhang) 

zhTzhang n paper 

zhl n location (See ftkilt dizhi) 

zhl n purpose (See zongzhi) 

H 

zhl adj sincere (See chengzhi) 

% 

M zhi prep to, until (only used in writ- 
ten Chinese) 

zhiduo adv at most, maximum 
zhijln adv till now, to this day, so far 
zhishao adv at least, minimum 
zhiyu conj as to, as for 
-h 1 Zhl trad te n record (See 
zazhi.) 

±2 Zhl n will, aspiration 

zhiqi n aspiration, ambition 
^nfe^yfiu zhiqi have lofty aspirations 
zhiyuan I v volunteer 
i^JM^zhiyuanzhe volunteer (a person) 
II n wish, ideal 

-gfr zhlv 1 send, extend 2 devote (time, 
35C efforts, etc) 

zhicf v make a (short formal) speech 
l i§ zhifu v become rich 

qfnlao zhifu become rich by 
working hard 
MWt zhijing v salute 



226 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



‘t'i Zhongwen 



AAzhlv 1 treat (disease) 2 rule, govern 
1 PI fp:£r zhi'an n public order, public 



«! 



security 

’/pJM zhilT v govern, administrate 
'/p-Tx zhiliao I v treat (a patient, a disease) 

II n medical treatment 

I zhl trad Ivl make, work out 
2 control, restrict 
$!]i£ zhicai n sanction 
tt&fP'MUtzhlccU nage guojia estab- 
lish sanctions against that country 
$!]/E zhiding v lay down, draw up 
zhidu n system 

^JlUzhifu n uniform (# jian, S? tao) 

$ljpn zhipTn n products 
£U0iSr ruzhipYn dairy product 
M#} zhiyue v constrain, restrain 

shou tiaojian de zhiyue 
constrained by one’s circumstances 
zhizao v make, manufacture 

zhizaoye manufacturing industry 
fljlb zhizhY v stop, curb 
i j| ft Zhl trad i® n banner (See MtR 
qizhi) 

H^zh'l trad M N nature, character (See 
ttM xingzhi) 

zhibian n qualitative change 
MS: zhiliang n qualit 
M4h zhipu adj unaffected, ingenuous 
^fczhl n order, rank 



zhixu n order, proper sequence 
tyjt zhl v place, put (See ifrll buzhi) 

4 ttr zhl trad jStfl v throw, hurl 



zhl adj wise, intelligent 



H?Szhizhe wise man 
^ it zhihui n wisdom, intelligence 
zhili n intelligence, intellect 
^^J^iizhili fada highly intelligent 
Utl zhimou n tactic, clever scheme 
H?fb zhineng n intelligence and capability 
AXUtbrengong zhineng artificial 
intelligence 

zhishang n intelligence quotient (IQ) 



* 

m 



zhl adj childish (See youzhi) 
zhl v stagnate (See tingzhi) 



zhong TRAD n end, finish 



zhongdian n end point, destination 
^•^zhongduan n terminal 

zhongjiu adv after all, in the end 
zhongnian adv all the year round, 
throughout the year 

£4# zhongshen adj all one’s life, lifelong 
^feAl^zhongsheng dashi marriage 
i%rf - zhongyii adv finally, at last 
zhongzhT v terminate, end 
► zhong I n center, middle 






dong, nan, xT, bei, zhong 

the east, the south, the west, the north and 
the center 

II adj 1 middle, medium 2 Chinese 
4*^1 zhongcan n Chinese cuisine, Chi- 
nese food 

4 , 1ftf zhongcanguan Chinese restaurant 
4 , HiT zhongcantTng Chinese restaurant 
(in a hotel, etc.) 

4 t [II Zhongguo N China 

4 , 4£ Zhonghua n China, Chinese 



note: Both 4 , IH Zhongguo and 4*^ 
Zhonghua may refer to China, but 4*^ 
Zhongghua has historical and cultural 
connotations 

441] zhdngjian I n center, middle II prep 
among 

4 1 i zhong li adj neutral 
4* iHl zhongliguo a neutral state 

4^ zhongnian N middle age 
4 , ^fiAzhongnianren middle-aged 
person 

4 , $Ct»’ Zhongqiujie n Mid-Autumn 
Festival (the fifteenth day of the eighth 
lunar month) 

4^ zhongtu n halfway, mid-way 

4*3t Zhongwen N the Chinese language 
(especially the writing) 



227 




zhongwu 

note: See note on iXin Hanyu. 

4 , X zhongwu n noon 
4X' zhongxln n central part, center 
TjT^^'shlzhongxTn city center 
W^^fryanjiu zhongxln research 
center 

4'lf! zhongxfng adj medium-sized 
4*^ zhongxue n secondary school, high 
school, middle school (H* zuo, suo) 
4*1*1 zhongyao n traditional Chinese 
medicine (e.g. herbs) 

4*IHzh6ngy7 n 1 traditional Chinese 
medicine (TCM) 2 traditional Chinese 
medical doctor 

441$ zhongyou n middle-reaches (of a 
river) 

l+y zhong ADJ loyal 

zhongcheng adj loyal, faithful 
zhongshf adj loyal and faithful 
JSH 1 zhongyu v be loyal to 

zhongyu zuguo be loyal to 
one’s motherland 

/SM zhongzhen adj loyal (to one’s coun- 
try, spouse, etc.) 

Zhong n innermost feelings 

Jlyanbuyouzhong speak insin- 
cerely 

MX' zhongxln adj sincere, whole-hearted 
^ zhong TRAD H N Clock (M* ZUO) 

zhongbiao n clocks and watches, 
time-piece 

f^i^jfizhongbiaodian watchmaker’s 
shop 

zhongdian n time, hour 
#jftl zhongdiangong Same as /hftfX 
xiaoshigong 

zhonglou n clock tower 
zhongtou n Same as /f-frt xiaoshf. 
Used in spoken Chinese, 
jj^jj zhong trad M n swell 

fl44Sf zhongliu n tumor 

zhongliu mahgnant 

tumor, cancer 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



lidngxing zhongliu benign 

tumor 

# zhong trad fit I m. wd kind, sort, 
type 

zhong ge yang all sorts of, 

all kinds of 

II n 1 seed, breed 2 racial group 
zhong lei n kind, category 
zhongzhong adj all sorts of 
zhongzi n seed 
zhongzu n race 
f4^ij£zhongzuzhuyi racism 
I zhong TRAD fJ! v plant 



W 



zhongdi v grow crops, farm 
f4Hi zhongzhf v grow (crops) 

m Zhong ADJ 1 heavy 2 considerable 
in value or quantity 
Hf A zhongda adj major, great 
Mjr£ zhongdian n main point, focal point, 
emphasis 

Mlik zhonggongye n heavy industry 
MM zhongliang n weight 
MfJE zhongshi v attach importance to, 
value 

M'C*' zhongxln n 1 center of gravity 
2 focus, point of emphasis 
MS! zhongxfng adj heavy-duty 
MU zhongyao adj important 
A*. zhong trad I n crowd (See M 
yyX guanzhong, Djf ik tTngzhong) II adj 
numerous 

zhongduo adj numerous 
zhong ren n all the people, every- 
body 

Zhongyiyuan n (U.S.) House of 
Representatives 
zhOU n boat 






1 ZhOU I n 1 week 2 circumference, 
cycle II adv all around, all over 

notes: (1) in) zhou and M$1 xTngqTboth 
mean week, but zhou is usually used in 
writing only. Normally M$1 xTngqT is the 
word to use. (2) zhou is not used with 
any measure words. 



228 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



zhuren 



jlOl'J zhoudao adj thorough, thoughtful 
zhoumi adj careful and thorough, 
attentive to every detail 
jiHA zhoumo n weekend 
zhounian n anniversary 
^f+jH^jiehun shf zhounian the 
tenth anniversary of one’s wedding 
zhouqi n cycle, period 
Mffl zhouwei n surrounding area, all 
around 

Util zhouzhe n twists and turns, setbacks 
zhouzhuan n (of funds) flow, cash 
flow 

Jillf^f'M.zhouzhuanbLilmg not have 
enough cash for business operation, have 
cashflow problems 

Rrl 2 ZhOU n a common family name 

)*i 

J103fei/AA/ / J''&iiZhou xiansheng/tai- 
tai/xiaojie Mr/Mrs/Miss Zhou 
1|J ZhOU N 1 administrative district in 
- 1 ancient China 2 state (in the U.S.) 
SBWI Niuyuezhou the State of New 
York 



M 



nent (See Dayangzhou, gkyjtl 

Ouzhou, MM Yazhou.) 

ZhOU N porridge, gruel 



* 



<M£5Kxi3omizh6u millet gruel 
HUT ban wan zhou ate half 
a bowl of gruel 

zhOU trad IS v wrinkle, crease 



zhouwen n wrinkle (on skin), lines 
zhOU n daytime 

zhouye N day and night, round the 
clock 

zhouye f uwu round-the-clock 
(7/24) service 

y-4-» zhOU n time (See Ti yuzhou) 

Lm 

jTJj5( zhOU n trot (See buzhou) 



1 zhu N pig (Sk tou) 



Zhu adj all, various 

ilffe zhuwei pron everybody, all of you 
zhu n 1 red 2 a common family 
name 

"pAU zhu n pearl (See zhenzhu) 



trees) 

zhu N bamboo 



It 

ftTzhuzi bamboo (fM ke) 

'X? zhu adv one after another, one by 
one 

M'Y zhubu adv step by step, progres- 
sively, gradually 

j&M zhujian adv gradually, step by step 
zhunian adv one year after another, 
year by year 

M zhu trad M n candle (See 
lazhu) 

-4- zhu In 1 master, owner 2 host 
II adj dominant, principal 
iitj' zhu ban v host (a conference, an 
event, etc.) 

iHI zhubian n editor-in-chief, editor 
if# zhuchi v be in charge of, host (a TV 
program) , chair (a meeting) 
l^@if#Ajiemu zhuchfren host/host- 
ess of a TV/radio show 

zhudao adj guiding, dominant 
±sjj zhudong adj of one’s own accord, 
taking the initiative 
iXJEzhuguan adj subjective 
ilf zhuguan I v be in charge, be respon- 
sible for II n person in charge 
ii zhuli N main force 
zhuliu n mainstream 
zhuquan n sovereign rights, sover- 
eignty 

±A zhuren n 1 host 2 owner, proprietor 
iAtl zhurenweng N master (of one’s 
country, a society, etc.) 
iji zhuren n chainnan (of a committee), 
director (of a department) 
ifr^llifTbangdngshi zhuren office 
manager 



229 




zhuren ylsheng 

^iHji^chejian zhuren head of a 
workshop (in a factory) 

zhuren ylsheng n chief physi- 
cian, chief surgeon 
zhushi n staple food 
ijH zhutf N theme 

(%#&tl)ilS^(dianyTng de) zhutfge 
theme song (of a movie) 
zhutf n main body 
±JJS zhuxf n chairman, chairperson 

dahui zhuxf chairperson of an 

assembly 

iH zhuyao adj major, chief, main 
JLSL zhuyi N doctrine, -ism 
zhuyi n definite view, idea 
zhuzhang I v advocate, stand for II n 
proposition, idea, what one stands for 
, -f/. zhu v boil, cook 



nj 



it 



pengzhu boil vegetables 
MyK zhushuT boil water 
Zhu trad H v advise 

lUft zhufu v exhort, tell (somebody to do 
something) earnestly, advise 
zhutuo v entrust 
zhll v reside, stay 



itd=> zhufang n housing, accommodation 
itf) r zhusuo n where one lives, lodge, 
residence 

jiPjt zhuyuan v be hospitalized 
it^z zhuzhai n residence, home 

zhuzhaiqu residential quarters 
v assist, help 

UjJi zhu n assistant 
lijffi^iczhulT juzhang assistant direc- 
tor of the bureau 

jJijuzhang zhulT assistant to the 
director of the bureau 
zhushou n assistant 
Bftjz zhuzhang v encourage, promote 
zhll v 1 add, pour 2 fix, focus on 
3 register, record 4 annotate, explain 
yijjfr zhuce v register 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



zhuce shangbiao registered 
trademark 

yiM zhujie I v annotate, explain with 
notes II n explanatory note, note 
zhumii v fix one’s eyes on 

yTnren zhumu eye-catching 
’/ilt zhushe v inject 
’/iltfj^zhusheqi n syringe 
‘/iltffzhushezhen n hypodermic needle 
yi# zhushi n Same as y±$? zhujie 
yifJE zhushi v look attentively, gaze at 
iiya zhuyi v pay attention to, take notice of 
yiJC zhuzhong v 1 emphasize, stress 
2 pay great attention to, attach impor- 
tance to 

zhuzhong shouhoufuwu 
pay much attention to after-sale service 
5i zhCl trad v stay 

zhuzha v (of troops) be stationed 
4*4- Zhll v (of insects) eat into, bore 
through 

feiiife zhuchong n bookworm, termite 
m zha v express good wishes , wish 

zhufu v give one’s blessing to, wish 
somebody happiness 
$05 zhu he v congratulate 

zhuyuan I v wish II n good wishes 
■±£r zhu v write 
# 

W4=i zhumfng adj famous, well-known 
-Wit zhuzuo N writings, (literary) work 
/r/p zhl! trad v build, construct (See 
IIt)! jianzhu.) 

±zhu n pillar, column 



tt 5 



^tAzhuzi pillar, column (f& gen) 
zhll v cast 

f^iazhiizao cast, foundry 
M zhua v grab, seize 

WM zhuajin v grasp firmly 
jj^zhua n paw, claw 

JIVAzhuazi paw, claw (M zhT) 



230 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



m 



zhuai v fling, throw 

adj special, 



j^zhuan trad 
-< specific 

zhuanchang n special skill, special- 
ist field, expertise 

zhuancheng adv (make a trip) 
specially for 

zhuanjia n expert, specialist 
^ff4 zhuanke n school (or college) for 
vocational training 

zhuanke xuexiao school (or 
college) for vocational training 
zhuanli N patent 

shenqlng zhuanli apply fora 

patent 

zhuanmen adj, n specialized, 
specialist 

zhuanxln adj concentrate on, be 
absorbed in 

zhuanye n specialist field of study, 
specialty 

zhuanyong v use for a special 
purpose 

zhuankuan zhuanyong ear- 
mark a fund for a specific purpose 
4?i£ ft zhuanzheng n dictatorship 
zhuanzh n autocracy 
-r-h zhuan trad 5$ n brick 

5f4czhuantou brick (^ kuai) 

•fch Zhuan TRAD W v 1 turn, change 
2 pass on, forward 

^ zhuanbian v change, transform (usu- 
ally for the better) 

zhuanbo v relay a radio or TV 
broadcast 

zhuanche v transfer to another train 
(or bus) 

zhuanda v pass on (a piece of 
information) 

zhuandong v turn around, turn 
ef zhuan'gao v pass along (word) 
ff'fk zhuanhua v transform 

zhuanhuan v transform, change 
zhuan jlyTn n genetic modifica- 
tion, GM 



zhuangzhi 

zhuanjlyTn shfpTn transgenic 

food 

zhuanjiao v pass on (something) 

$#it zhuanrang v transfer (a property, 
rights, etc.) 

A zhuanru v switch over, turn to 
zhuanwan v turn a corner, turn 
lRj®^Wxiangzu6 zhuanwan turn left 
$£ fo] zhuanxiang v change direction 
zhuanxue v transfer to another 
school 

fftif zhuanzhe N a turn in the course of 
events 

ft zhuanyi v shift, transfer 

■ zhuan trad M n biography 



W 



§ zizh ua n autobiography 
#ifi zhuanji n biography 
|j|4fr zhuan trad m v make money, 
make a profit 

i-j-" zhuang trad I n village II adj 
/ J_ serious, grave 
zhuangjia N crop 
J±^Mzhuangjiadi n farmland 
J±#A zhuangjiaren n farmer (especially 
one that grows crops) 

J±F- zhuangyan adj solemn, imposing 
zhuangzhong adj serious, solemn 
JJL. zhuang trad v apply make- 
up (See huazhuang, fbfepp 
huazhuangpin) 

zhuang trad SI I v l pretend 
2 load and unload 3 fit, install II n 
clothing 

zhuangbei I v equip II n equipment 
^VsUftjGnshl zhuangbei armament 
SHE zhuangpei v assemble (parts) 
mmm zhuangpeixian assembly line 
Stffc zhuangshi I v decorate II n decora- 
tion 

zhuangshipm article for decora- 
tion, ornament 

SI§P zhuangxie v load and unload 
Stic zhuangzhi I v install II n installation, 
device 

jieneng zhuangzhi energy- 
saving device 



231 




ft zhuang 

>LL zhuang TRAD ft ADJ I robust, 

» sturdy 2 magnificent 
zhuangda v grow in strength 
©1 zhuangguan n magnificent sight 
zhuangli adj beautiful and mag- 
nificent 

J|±^H zhuanglie adj heroic 

zhuangzhi n high aspirations 
Zhuang TRAD n form, shape 

zhuangkuang N shape (of things), 
situation, condition 

zhuangtai n state (of affairs), ap- 
pearance 

JA zhuang v bump against, collide 

zhuang yunqi try one’s luck 
Zhuang m. wd (for houses) 

— MtAdSlyr zhuang dalou a big (multi- 
storied) building 

zhul v 1 chase, run after 2 look 
JUE3 into, get to the roots of 
iiBi: zhuTcha v trace, investigate 

zhuTcha yaoyan try to find out 
the source of a rumor 

zhuTdao v mourn over (the death of 
somebody) 

iil'N^zhuTdaohui memorial service, 
memorial meeting 

zhulgan v run after, pursue 
ilt^E zhuTjiu v get to the roots, investigate 
the origin 

zhuTjiu zeren investigate to 
find out who is responsible for an ac- 
cident 

zhuTqiu v pursue, seek 
zhulshang v catch up with, catch 
ilfn] zhuTwen v inquire in great details 
zhul v sew, stitch (See 
dianzhui) 

v/p Zhun trad I adj accurate, 

• pu exact II v permit, allow III n norm, 
standard 

/INI' zhunbei I v prepare 
lUiar#? zhunbei hao be well prepared 
II n preparation 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



zhunque adj accurate, exact 
zhunshf adj punctual, on time 
zhunxu v permit, allow 
rffjjllj zhunze n norm, standard 

xrngwei zhunze code of conduct 
jgzhuo v catch, capture 

4 f 1 1 zhuc adj clumsy (See 3j£jlli 
J lU benzhuo) 

zhUO N table 



zhuozi table, desk (§tc zhang) 
j^zhlld adj outstanding 

4M-!zhuoyue adj brilliant, exceptional 
Ugzhuo v peck 

!^(.7|C^zhu6muniao woodpecker 
■sgk ZhlJO v 1 weigh and consider 
2 drink (wine) 

Iftfjt zhuoqfng v take the circumstances 
into consideration 

zhuoqfng chulT settle a matter 
as one sees fit 

ZhUO v apply, use 

zhuoshou v begin, set out 
IfiJH zhuoxiang v consider (somebody’s 
interest) 

zhUG trad V§o adj turbid, muddy 
fiU (See hunzhuo) 

Attn zhUO n bracelet (See 
1--4 shouzhuo) 

^ zl n looks , appearance 

I?# zlshi N posture 

zltai n 1 posture 2 attitude, pose 
baochf dlzltai keep a low 

profile 

<& zT consult 



zixun v seek advice, consult 
Zl trad M n money, capital 

y\ 

ziben n capital 
^2p^zTbenjia n capitalist 

ziben zhuyi N capitalism 



232 




CHINESE -ENGLISH 



g ± zlzhu 



zlchan n asset, property 

zlchanjiejf n bourgeoisie 
zlge n qualification 
zTjln n fund 

zlliao n 1 material, data 2 means (of 
production) 

WM zTyuan n natural resources 

zlzhu v provide financial support, fund 

^ Z ‘ V §row 



zTwei N taste, flavor 
zlzhang v grow, develop 
Zl n 1 son, child 






•^-^■zhangzl the first son 
2 something small and hard 
zTdan n bullets 

-?-^7 zTdi N sons and younger brothers, 
children 

^"F^^gaogan zTdi children of high- 
ranking officials, “princelings” 

-?■;& zlnu sons and daughters, children 
zTsGn n children and grandchildren, 
descendants 

zTsun houdai descendants, 

posterity 
\\r~p Zl N seed 






zT adj as in j-fM zixi 



zTxi adj very careful, paying atten- 
tion to details 
Zi adj purple 



g lzl 



pron self, one’s own 



gi|!. zibei v feel oneself inferior 
g-^MI&zibeigan inferiority complex, 
sense of inferiority 
g3fr zidong adj automatic 
g til zidong futT escalator 
g^Jtfczidonghua automatic, automation 
g 3frt§MtJl zidong guiyuanjT n automated 
teller machine (ATM) 



note: ATM can also be called |lj zjJjfjXlfc 
tH zidong qukuanjT or g zidong 

tfkuanjl. 



g zifa adj spontaneous 
g H zifei adj self-supporting, paid by 
myself 

§ zifei liuxuesheng self- 

supporting foreign student, fee-paying 
foreign student 

g ^ zihao v be very proud of oneself 
g B zijT pron self, one’s own 
ifc § B nT zijT yourself 
Ml g B nimen zijT yourselves 
ftkg Bta zijT himself 
MlSBtamen zijT themselves 
;$cg Si wo zijT myself 
m § B women zijT ourselves 
g ^ zijue adj being aware of, being 
conscious of, voluntary, conscientious 
zilaishui n running water 
gyll ziman adj complacent 
g^ziran I n nature 

If E ziran baohuqu nature reserve 
II adj natural 

g:^r zisha I v commit suicide II n suicide 
g # zishen n self, oneself 
g^A zisl adj selfish, egoistic 
g$,g^!j zisl zl 11 idiom selfish, self-seeking 
g TL ziwei n self-defense 
g |Jc ziwo n oneself 
gttf^Jli zixiang maodun idiom self- 
contradictory 

gfji zixin adj self-confident 

g fa quefa zixin lacking in self- 
confidence 

gfj zixfng adv by oneself 
gfT$ zixfngche N bicycle (f$ liang) 
g ^ zixue v study independently, teach 
oneself 

g ^ ziyou I n freedom, liberty II adj free, 
unrestrained 

gJlziyuan v volunteer, of one’s own 
accord 

if ‘/p zizhi n autonomy 
g tpE. zizhiqu n autonomous region 
r*Mtt^gfpIKGuangxT Zhuangzu 
Zizhiqu Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous 
Region 

g i zizhu v act on one’s own, keep the 
initiative in one’s own hands 



233 




zizhucan 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



' zizhucan n buffet dinner 

§ 2 Zl prep Same as )X cong. Only 
used in written Chinese, 
ii^zicong prep from, since 
§ l*f zigu adv since ancient times 

zi shT zhi zhong idiom from start 

to finish 

Zl n Chinese character, sinogram 

Hanzi Chinese character 
zidian n dictionary ben) 
zlmu n letter (of an alphabet) 
^■flj^zimubiao alphabet 

Zl particle (a nominal suffix) (See 
J IfiP beizi, fifcFF beizi, benzi, J^F - 

bizi, bozi, chazi, chongzi, 
iff-F" cunzi, TJlr daozi, ^Ff- dianzi, JLrF 
erzi, fangzi, gezi, &FF haizi, 

-f- hezi, -firF' houzi, $j^F huzi, jiaozi, 
fi^-juzi, frpF juzi, kuzi, kuaizi, 
^J-f- lizi, maozi, j®-p naozi, 
paizi, panzi, H^p qizi, qizi, 
qunzi, 0^ rizi, sangzi, ISt^F - saozi, 
shazi, / \hF shaozi, shengzi, 

shTzi, ^FF tanzi, ifeFF tuzi, 
wazi, $&FF wenzi, M~F wuzi, SflhF" xiangzi, 
4MX.-F xiaohuozi, yangzi, iffi 1 yezi, 
— yixiazi, ylzi, 1%^- yuanzi, 
zhongzi, Yf-F zhuzi, ^l^p* zhuozi.) 

ZOng n ancestor 

7J> 

zongjiao n religion 
tkWM fffP zongjiao xinyang religious 
belief 

thM zongpai n faction, sect 

zongzhl n primary purpose, aim 
-j yz? ZOng N palm, palm fiber 

zongse n brown 
ZOng adj comprehensive 

zonghe adj comprehensive, syn- 
thetical 

p,£? ZOng n footprint 

^S^genzong follow the tracks of, 
shadow (somebody) 



zongji n trace, track 

p4 ZOng trad l§ I adj 1 overall, total 

as* 

zongkaiguan switch 
2 chief, head 

Zongshuji Secretary-General 
II adv 1 always, invariably 2 anyway, 
after all 

$4# zongdei modal v have got to, have 
to, must 

^^J^ij^zongdelaishud idiom generally 
speaking, on the whole 
y&HF zongdu n governor-general, governor 
zong'e n total (a sum of fund) 

zong'eryanzhl idiom Same as & 
zongzhl 

zonggong adv in all, altogether 
zonghe N sum total 
,&tt* zongji n grand total 

zongjie I v sum up, do a review of 
one’s past work or life experiences II n 
summary, a general view of one’s past 
work or life experiences 
^Jjt zongIT n premier, prime minister 
zongshi adv Same as II adv 1 
zongshu n sum total 
zongsilmg N commander-in-chief 
zongsuan adv at long last, finally 
zongtong N president (of a country) 
zongwu n general affairs 
^'^•f4zongwuke general affairs section 
zongzhl adv in a word, in short 
L\\ ZOng adv 1 from north to south 
2 vertical, lengthwise 
iiMi? zongheng adj in length and breadth 
ZOU v 1 walk 2 leave 3 visit 






tJ-^I&zou qlnqi visit a relative 
4 escape, leak out 
^it zoudao n sidewalk, footpath 
zoufang v visit and interview, 
interview 

zougou n running dog, flunkey 
zoulang N corridor, hallway 
zoulou v leak (information) 
zousT v smuggle 
zousTfan smuggler 



234 




CHINESE - ENGLISH 



zouwanlu v take a roundabout 
course 

t^Ir] zouxiang n 1 alignment 2 trend 

mfngnian shichang de 
zouxiang the market trend next year 
ZOU v play music (See MU yanzou) 






zuan trad m N diamond 



a 



r ZOU v beat, hit 

aizou get a thrashing 
ZU I v rent, hire II n rent (money) 



J^rfRfangzu (housing) rent 
zujln n rent 

ZU I n foot II adj sufficient, enough 



£ 2 



jlLiBjczuqiu N soccer 

c tT zuqiu play soccer 
/iLlU zuyi adj enough, sufficient 
ZU n clan, nationality (See 
minzu.) 

Pl zu v 1 resist, prevent 2 hinder, block 

PfL5f| zu'ai v hinder, obstruct 
Piyij zudang v block, stop 
Piir zulan v bar the way, stop 
zuli n resistance, obstacle 
PilJJG zurao v obstruct, stand in the way 

note: Pdf/t zurao may also be KLJ& 
zunao. They are interchangeable. 

Pl.lh zuzhT v stop, hold back 
ZU n ancestor 



w 



zufu n grandfather 
aiH zuguo n motherland, fatherland 
zumu n grandmother 
m zuxian n ancestor, ancestry 
Art ZU trad M I n group II v form, 
organize 

IMitSc zucheng v make up, compose 
Ul'n' zuhe v compose, combine 

zuzhT I v organize II n organization 
ZUatl trad it n drill 

l&Df zuanyan v study in great depth, 
study intensively 



zuanshi diamiond ($L fi, $j/j ke) 
san kela 

de zuanshf jiezhi a 3-carat diamond ring 
ZuT n mouth 

RjtG zulba n mouth 
3l0f^Bzhangkai zuTba open one’s 
mouth 

zulchan adj too fond of eating 
Bjl# zuTchun n lip 
E3 ZUI adv most (used before an 
adjective or a verb to indicate the 
superlative degree) 
ijia zuichu adv in the initial stage, 
initially 

H#? zuihao I adj best, top-rate II adv had 
better 

jjljTJ zuihou adv in the final stage, finally 
Jlbifi; zuijin adv recently, in recent times 
pij ZUI n crime, offense 

3b 

ijt^£ zui'e N crime, evil 

zuifan n criminal, convict 
zuimfng n charge, accusation 

taoshui de zuimfng tax eva- 
sion charge 

zuixfng n crime, offense 
zuizhuang N facts about a crime, 
indictment 

roft zul v get drunk, be intoxicated 



ZUn v respect, esteem 



zizunxTn self-esteem 
jinglao zunxian respect the 
wise and venerate the worthy 
ifPSfc zunjing v respect, honor 
iff f E zunyan n dignity, honor 
IfjlE zunzhong v respect, esteem 
ZUn v obey 

iHlip zunming v follow orders 
iH^t 5 zunshou v observe, abide by 
iUfT zunxfng v obey, comply with 
iUfjf zunxun v follow faithfully, adhere to 



235 




zunyi 



CHINESE -ENGLISH 



iE'f'Pc zunyi v act accordingly, obey 
iHM zunzhao v act in accordance with 
^ Z uo n yesterday 

zuotian n yesterday 
‘ ZUO as in zuomo 



P-H zuomo v turn over in one’s mind, 
ponder 

ZUO n the left side 



£ 



iiill zuobian n the left side, the left-hand 
side 

zuolfn-youshe n neighbors 
zuopiezi n left-handed person 
zuosl-youxiaang idiom turn sth 
over in one’s mind, to consider from 
different perspectives 

zuoyou adv approximately, nearly, 
about 

m zu6 v 1 do 2 make 

'f$tXzudgong do manual work, work 
jij&'/l: zuofa n way of doing things, 
method, practice 

i zuofan cook, prepare a meal 
zuoke v be a guest, visit 
zuomeng v dream 
zuozhu v be one’s own master 
- ZUO v Same as lift zuo 






note: li& zuo and zuo have the same 
pronunciation and often the same mean- 
ing, but jjfc zuo is much more commonly 
used while Yt zuo occurs only in certain 
set expressions. 

zud'an v commit a crime 
zuofei v become invalid 
zuofeng N way of behavior, way of 
working, style 



duduanduxfng 
de iTngdao zuofeng autocratic style of 
leadership 

zuoguai v make mischief, create 
trouble 

zuojia n writer (especially of literary 
works, e.g. novels, stories) 

Zuojia Xiehui Writers’ As- 
sociation 

zuonong v tease, make fun of, pull 
a trick on 

ffrSn zuopTn n literary or artistic work 
zuowei prep as, in the capacity of 
zuowen n (student’s) composition 
Y&ft zuowu n crop 

zuoye n school assignment, home- 
work 

zuoyong N function, role 
^ zai...zhong ql zuoyong 

play a role in ..., perform a function in ... 
zuozhe n author 
/JA zuc v sit 

ZUC I m. wd (for large and solid 
objects , such as a large building) 
yf zuo dalou a big building 
— ^ll| yf zuo shan a mountain, a hill 
“IlIXX yf zuo gdngchang a factory 
yf zuo daxue a university 
F yf zuo qiao a bridge 
f yf zuo chengshi a city 

II n seat 

iLILzudr n seat 

zuotan v have an informal discus- 
sion, have an informal meeting 
jli&zxzudtanhui an informal discus- 
sion, forum 
zuowei n seat 
zuoyou mfng n motto 



236 




English-Chinese 



A 

A n iJt you, youdeng 
a, an art — yT, — yi ge 
a boy — yi ge nanhai 
an hour — -I'vhHl yi ge xiaoshi 
abacus n 3¥S suanpan [m. wd K zhl] 
abandon v ii£# yfqi, tfe# fangqi, 4* A 
zhongzhT 

abashed adj cankui de, 
nanweiqfng de 

abate v jianqTng, iHStl'" jianshao 

abbey n xiudaoyuan, siyuan 

[m. wd ^ zuo] 

abbreviate v shenglue, suolue 

abdomen n SSpP fubu, Jjti^ duzi 
abduct v jiechi, bangjia 

aberration n It 1 # yichang 
abet v suoshT, jiaosuo 
abhor v yan'e, 'HfǤ zeng'e 

abide (pt & pp abided/abode) v (abide 
by) TUtF zunshou, IstF xinshou 
abiding adj yongjiu de, 

chfjiu de 

ability n nfct} nengli, caineng 

abject adj [+^ 1 ^] beigong 

quxT de [+xfngwei], fiS^T^tl^J [+ilfifcl 
dTsheng xiaqi de [+daoqian] 
abject poverty chipin 
ablaze adj ranshao, 
xiongxiong ranshao 
able adj neng, nenggou 
abnormal adj 'ElE'r^TKl bu zhengchang 
de, fanchang de 

aboard adv / :kM / zai 
feijT/huoche/lunchuan shang,-h^#t/ 
ikM / shang feijT/huoche/ 
lunchuan 



abode I n zhusuo II See abide 

abolish v feichu 

Aborigine n ( illAf'JM ) JK'fiK 
(Aodaliya) yuanzhumin 
abort vif [+ 'fit? 11 shY 

[+huaiyun de funu] liuchan, liJjp 
duotai, fjfflflp shT duotai 2 [+tr 
/ifJc'J] zhongzhT [+xmgdong/jihua] 
abortion n JlCflp duotai, 
rengong liuchan 

abound v All## daliang cunzai 
about I prep guanyu 

How about/what about ...?•**, ^ 

..., zenmeyang, 
haobuhao? 

II adv j&l dayue, dagai 

to be about to do sth fMH gang yao, 
lEH zhengyao, ^r_fcJI mashang yao 
above I prep 1 fr-liii zai...shangbian, 
fr-Jlffi zai. ..shangmian 
above all shouxian, zui 

zhongyao de 

2 Mil chaoguo II adv 1 zai 

shangmian 

prices listed above ^'J tb f/T'E^- 
shangmian liechu de jiage 
2 Mil chaoguo 

families with above average incomes 

Mii^fi^iHAl^^jS chaoguo pingjun 
shouru de jiating 

III adj shangshu de 

abrasive adj shengying de, ## 

lumang de 

abreast adv bingpai de 
to keep abreast of ... TflPr-TftilfJ rtf 
#2, liaojie...de zuixln qingkuang 
abridged adj shanjie de, 

jie suo de 

abroad adv M / ; &IH£I' dao/zai guowai 



237 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



abrupt 



abrupt adj tGran de, &f§-$J [+& 
ft!] culu de [+taidu] 
abscess n Mt 1 nongzhong 
abscond v xiekuan qiantao, '/ff 

32 qiantao 

absence n bu zai, quexf 

absent adj buzai, quexf 

absent-minded xln bu zai 

yan de 

absolute adj juedui, wanquan 
absolve v xuanbu wuzui 

absorb v xTshou 
absorbent adj yl xTshuT de 

abstain v 1 fangqi toupiao 

quan, qiquan 2 3§lfe bimian, 
l$& jiechu 

to abstain from sex before marriage 
HU'144.^ bimian hunqian xing 
shenghuo 

abstinence n jinyu, jiejiu 

jieyan 

abstract 1 adj chouxiang de 

abstract 2 n ( ifc^C ) tiH (lunwen) 
zhaiyao [m. wd H pian] 
absurd adj MW huangmiu, fltjif 
huangtang 

abundant adj fengfu, chongpei 

abuse I n i lanyong 
drug/alchohol abuse MS /iMf ( M 
Hi ) xTdu/xujiu (xianxiang) 

2 MW nuedai 3 manma, 

ruma II v MW nuedai 
physical abuse ouda 
verbal abuse ruma 
abusive adj MW$i nuedai de 
abyss n i MM shenyuan 2 
A jfqf weixian de jingdi 
academic adj xuexiao de 

academic degree #44 xuewei 
academic year ## xuenian 
academy n 1 ^f4#l^; zhuanke xueyuan 
2 yanjiuyuan, #z£ xuehui 3 

sTli xueyuan 

acccelerate v All jiasu, #--;fJP3l! shi... 

jiasu, Mbu tfqian, shi... tfqian 

accelerator n llP3l£§5 jiasuqi, youmen 
accent InP* kouyfn 



to speak Chinese with an English 
accent ef jiang 

Zhongwen daiyou YTngyu kouyln 
II v qiangdiao, tuchu 
accept v jieshou 
acceptable adj keyi 

jieshdude,o£4^Hfft hai bucuo de 
acceptance n jieshou, renke 
access I n 3 £$!j dadao, 32A jinru II v 1 
[+fg,id huoqu [+xinxT] 2 32A [+ltiic 
$] jinru [+zhucangshi] 
access time ( itOTl ) MX ( fsJ> ) 04 
fU (jisuanjT) du qu (xinxT) shfjian 
accessible adj #JS32I: AP4 rongyi jinru 
de, rongyi dedao de 

accessory n i zhuangshipin, Ilf# 

fujian 2 kk$\L congfan, #?l*l bangxiong 
accident n shigu [m. wd # jian] 
car accident jiaotong shigu 

by accident bushi guyi de, 

yiwai de 

accidental adj yiwai de, 
ouran de 

acclaim I v chengzan, jiaohao 
II n chengzan, Wit zanyu 
accolade n gaodu zanyang 

accommodate v i tfgong 

zhusu 2 shiying, In' yfnghe 

accommodation n ## zhusu, 
zhusu de difang 
accompaniment n ( 

(yfnyue) banzou 
with piano accompaniment 
gangqfn banzou 
accompany v i Pwl^l peitong 2 
wei.. .banzou 

to accompany her on a trip to China 
PhI^JMA^S peitong ta qu Zhongguo 
accomplice n ^?I 2 <J bangxiong, I^JiS 
tongmou 

accomplished adj hen you 

caihua de, you zaoyi de 

an accomplished fact 
jicheng shishf 

accomplishment n i MMt chengjiu, 
chengji 2 WM jineng, jiqiao 

a high level of accomplishment in 



238 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



figure skating 

feichang gao de huayang huabTng jiqiao 
accord I n i fuhe, — ift yizhi 2 I&aE 

xieding [m. wd M xiang] 

of one's own accord SMftli ziyuande 
to reach an accord dacheng 

xieyi 

II v iuH jTyu 

accordance n (in accordance with) At" 

— ‘lit yu... yizhi, tlltS genju 
in accordance with his will 
iIf n Jl genju tade yizhu 
according to prep fUtM genju, 
anzhao 

accost v 7E£_hAAr"±z&i#iS zoushang 
qu yu...zhudong jianghua, Ar-inill] 
yu...dashan 

account I n 1 xushu, JbeiAj miaoxie 
to give an account of ... jiangshu 

2 zhang, D&A 3 zhanghu, 
zhangmu 

checking account huoqT 

zhanghu 

savings account fitlfDlkA 3 chuxu 
zhanghu 

3 #!§ kaolu, xiangfa 

to take ... into account/take account 
of kaolu 

II v (to account for) iiniBjj shuoming, 
jieshi 

accountability n fuze, 
zerenzhi 

accountable adj fuyou 

zeren de 

accountant n zH+ kuaiji, 
kuaijishT 

accredited adj #IlJIE^iAnr$J [+MF] 
dedao zhengshi renke de [4-jiaoshl], W 
[+^MkXfA#] you zhengshi 
zlge de [+zhuanye gongzuozhe] 
an accredited accountant 

you zlge kaiye de kuaijishT 
accumulate v fRU JTIei, jiju 

accuracy n Jf-Ultt zhunquexing, 
jTngquedu 

accurate adj iflfijj zhunque, fifftli jTngque 
accusation n S'h konggao, zhikong 

239 



acquisition 

accuse v So konggao, kongsu 
to accuse him of sex harassment ££ 
konggao ta xingsaorao 
accused n Ut'n* beigao [m. wd 4j ming] 
accustomed adj >111! xiguan, aMMT 
xiguan yu 

be accustomed to a vegetarian diet 
xiguan yu chlsu shi 

a( I n 1 ( ) A (pukepai) ei pai 
2 wangpai, gaoshou II adj % 
diyTliu de, bang ji de 

an ace pitcher wangpai 

touqiu shou 

acerbic adj jianke de, 
kedu de 

ache n, v ^ teng, iS tong 
achieve v 1 ?5 1% qude 

[+pingdeng diwei], Dt# huode 2 
[+l=M*5] shixian [+mubiao] 
achievement n chengjiu, 

chengji 

acid n lit suan 
acid rain HFfJ suanyu 
acknowled v 1 7?tiA chengren, $HA 
queren 2 biaoshi ganxie, 

mingxie, Sfcitf zhixie 

acknowledgment n i tPUA chengren, $1 
iA queren 2 ganxie, mingxie 
in acknowledgment of $liA queren, 
biaozhang 
acne n $&#!! fenci 

acorn n xiangshu de guozi 

acoustics n 1 e 1 B|rI^^: yfnxiang xiaoguo 
2 shengxue 

acquaint v iAiR renshi, zhTxiao 
to be acquainted with iAiR renshi, T 
M liaojie 

acquaintance n iAiR$}A renshi de ren, 
shuren 

to make sb's acquaintance iAiR 
renshi, ^niM jieshi 
acquiesce v I kW moxu, 
mianqiang tongyi 
acquire v qude, huode 

acquisition n 1 huode, #?!l dedao 
2 huode de dongxi, 

dedao de dongxi 




acquit 

mergers and acquisitions 
gongs! binggou 

acquit v xuanbu wuzui 

acre n M:!# yTngmu 
acrid adj i AUH-fitJ [+^!Jfc] cibi de 
[+qiwei] 2 [+iS] kebo de [+hua] 

acrimonious adj AM?&lifitJ chongman 
diyi de, jTlie de 

acrobat n ^ct£MM zaji yanyuan 
across I prep 1 ii guo, chuanguo 
2 zai...de duimian II adv ii 

guo, chuanguo 

act I v 1 [i£M+] [xunsu+] xingdong 
2 ill [+A#J] yan [+zhujue],$frM [+~^ 
banyan [+yi ge juese] 3 
jiazhuang 

to act as ^ t+'t'lsJA] dang [+zhong- 
jianren], danren 

II n 1 xingdong, fr. xingwei 
2 [tongguo+] faling 

acting I adj f^Hfitj dailT de II n 4SIM 
biaoyan 

action n xingdong, xingwei 
Actions speak louder than words, fr 
Xingdong zhongyu yanci. 
to take action caiqu xingdong 

activate v [+WIR] [+jTngbao] shT 
huodong 

active I adj *■(&$& huoyue, fR® jTji II n A 
%biu& zhudong yutai 
activity n huodong [m. wd M xiang] 

after-school activities ke wai 

huodong 

terrorist activities 

kongbu zhuyl huodong 
actor n ( ) MM (nan) yanyuan 
actress n ( ic ) MM (nu) yanyuan 
actual adj ^cGtffitj shiji de, JC^fitj 
zhenshi de 

actually adv shishishang, 
qishi 

acumen n JTmin, minrui 
acupuncture n zhenjiu, 
zhenjiuliaofa 

acute adj 1 /“‘JlfitJ yanzhong de 2 
fit) jixing de 

acute disease jixingbing 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



acute pain JSlI&fi&ftl julie tengtong 
AD abbrev (= Anno Domini) ^TC 
gongyuan 

adamant adj jianchi, jianjue 
adapt v 1 gaibian...yT shl- 

ying 2 [+<N&] gaibian [+xiaoshuo] 

adapter n zhuanjieqi, IMi chazuo 
add v 1 iJW jia 2 #3^ buchong 
addict n 1 «±»A xTdu shangyTn 
de ren 2 AHfitjA shangyTn de ren 
cocaine addict MAlSAfllTl' kekayTn 
shangyTn zhe 

addicted adj AIM fit) xTdu shangyTn de 
addicted to gambling 
dubo shangyTn de 
addictive adj MA-hUfitJ shTren 
shangyTn de 

addition n Jin jia, JjOtA jiafa 
in addition lingwai, itb^h cTwai 

in addition to |S£T-”!A£b chule...yTwai 
addition, adj Ift^hfitj ewaide, PftJlPfitJ 
fujiade 

additive n tianjiaji 

address I n 1 ftkili: dizhT 2 Mij£ yanshuo, 
i#i§ jianghua 

to deliver an opening address SCTU 
M zhi kaimuci 

II vi (mm±.) ^^«(zai 
youjian shang) xie xingming dizhT, Jffs 
it kai xinfeng 2 Mi# yanjiang, ^t^M 
ij&fabiao yanshuo 3 IW chenghu 

form of address chenghu 

fangshi 

adept I adj Jfi-Mfit) shanchang de, iftl^fit) 
shulian de II n nengshou, lAj^A 
neihang 

adequate adj 3^^fitj chongfen de, JE.H 
fi^J zugou de 
adhere v Wt nianfu 
to adhere to jianchi 
adhesive adj W^'l#fitJ you zhanxing de 
adhesive tape Jf£#T jiaobu, jiaodai 
ad hoc adj zhuanmen de, tedi 

an ad hoc committee ^HilMz? 
zhuanmen weiyuanhui 
adjacent adj ?Pi£fitl linjln de, ffii^fitJ 
xianglian de 



240 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



adverb 



adjective n xfngrongd 
adjoining adj W4W xianglin de, 
jin'aizhe de 

adjourn v Hff? zanting, xiuhui 
adjudicate v caiding, pingshen 
adjunct n WsWfy] fushuwu, Pft# fujian 
adjust v 1 iHISI tiaozheng, ill p tiaojie 

2 shlying 

well-adjusted shenxTnjian- 

quan de, neng 

duifu shenghuo zhongde wentfde 
adjustment n iJSSI tiaozheng, i)Up 
tiaojie 

administer v i Ifll [+EI^] guanIT 
[+yTyuan], tnl zhllT 2 fkft [+$LaE] 
zhixing [+guTding] 
administration n i 1?JI guanIT, 
xingzheng 2 i zhengfu 
admirable adj lingren jing 

pei de, chuse de 

admiral n MIAw) 4* jiandui sTI'ing, 
haijun shangjiang [m. wd wei] 
admiration n Mil jingpei, MHH peifu 
admire v 1 $tffl jingpei, tfcffl qTnpei, 
flM peifu 2 [+MS] xTnshang 

[+meijing], Mm [+Mm] guanshang 
[+fengjTng] 

admissible adj ke jieshou de, 

ke caina de 

admissible evidence ke 

jieshou di zhengci 

admission n 1 ^iA chengren 2 fUH 
menpiao 

No admission buzhun runei 

admit v 1 tRiA chengren 2 A-i^PA 
yunxu jiaru, ®^l jiena 
to be admitted to the country club 
jjPA^ oft bei jiena jiaru 
xiangcun julebu 

3 ^CAEI^ jie shou ru ylyuan 

to be admitted to the intensive care 
songjin yTyuan 

tebie hull bu 

admittance n i®A jinru 

to gain admittance to Harvard iSAPn 
M A^^>J jinru Hafo Daxue xuexi, 
Pnf&A^^OTX. bei Hafo Daxue luqu 



admonish v quangao, oi gaojie 
adolescent I adj qTngshaonian 

de, qTngchunqT de II n 

qTngshaonian 

adopt v 1 41!# ITngyang 2 caiyong, 
caina 

adoptive adj 4P!#£fa ITngyang de 
an adoptive father 
ITngyang haizi de fuqin, yangfu 
adorable adj feichang ke'ai 

de 

adoration n HU aimu, tfclS jingmu 
adore v HIS aimu, fo&IS jingmu 
adorn v zhuangshi 
adornment n ^tfppp zhuangshipTn 
adrift adj piaoliu de 

adroit adj i [+"?] ling qiao de 

[+shou] 2 [+£h kouchT 

lingli de [+waijiaojia] 
adult I n A chengnianren, $cA 
chengren II adj 1 $cA£fa chengren de 
2 shihe chengnian de 
adulterate v chan jia 
adultery n ®£F tongjian 
advance I v 1 i£ii jinzhan, fazhan 
2 [+it ic'J , tichu [+jihua, 

ITIun deng] 3 [+X^ ^ yuzhT 

[gongzT, baochou deng] II n 1 
yuxian 2 i2M jinzhan, fazhan 3 M 
##C yufukuan 

advanced adj i [+^A] xianjin de 

[+jishu] 2 ) [+^^] gaoji (de) 

[+shuxue] 

advances n MM tiaodou, ^J^l gouyTn 
to make advances to sb Mil^A 
tiaodou mouren, ^^A'I4§SM dui 
mouren xingsaorao 

advantage n 1 haochu, jfcai&b yichu 
2 youli tiaojian 

to have an advantage over 
i)tt& dui...zhanyou youshi 
to take advantage of sb ^^A^IHTeC 
zhan mouren pianyi 
advent n chuxian, 7^i|m laili'n 
adventure n maoxian 
adventure tour maoxian luyou 

adverb n S'JiKl fuci 



241 




adversary 

adversary n dishou, duishou 
adverse adj 'FflJfKj bull de, 
fanmian de 

advertise v 1 fiftA'a' zud guanggao, If: 
deng guanggao 2 tSfl# [+3RM] 
zhaopin [+zhfyuan] 
advertisement n r*cf guanggao 
advertising n Pn'ilk guanggaoye 
advertising agency guanggao 

gongs! 

advice n quangao, iM yijian 
advise v 1 %J] quan 2 tigong 

zTxun 

adviser, advisor n J0i|5| guwen 
advisory adj J@ifnJfi*J guwen de, 
zTxun de 

an advisory committee 

guwen weiyuanhui, zTxun 

weiyuanhui 

advocate n, v ilfl tichang, 
zhuzhang 

aerial adj M.X$tlli:7l£l^J cong feijT 
shanglai de 
an aerial photograph 
kongzhong paishe de zhaopian 
aerobics n you yang 

jianshencao 

aerospace adj JiteWMAlDIk 

hangkong he hangtian gongye 
aesthetics n §t^ meixue 
afar adv -AjzSTT cong yuanfang 
affable adj he'ai keqTn de, M 

youhao de 

affair Nif shi, #IW shiqing [m. wd # 
jian], shijian 2 shiwu [m. wd 
fA jian] 

foreign affairs waijiao shiwu, 

&W waishi 
3 hunwai Man 

affect v 1 yingxiang 2 fPi^ jiazhuang 
affected adj fi£f£§\J zuozuo de, 
zhuangchu laide 
affection n §1 ai, xT'ai 
affectionate adj chongman 

aiyi de 

affiliate I n fushu jTgou II v fiiiPft 

® shT fushu 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



affinity n qingtouyihe, ^14®? 

shengxing xThao 

affirm v queren, ®T/E duanding 
affirmative adj kending de 

an affirmative sentence if/E'n] 
kending ju 

affirmative action DM'uMl jFjf cuoshT 
affix v fiJilll/E shT guding, WiT_t tieshang 
afflict v ® [+^A] i££bik%!r shT [+bing- 
ren] jTngshou tongku, #tJH zhemo 
be afflicted with a disease &Lh^i 
huanshang bing 
affluent adj atM fuyu de 
affluent lifestyle fuyu 

de shenghuo fangshi 
afford v 1 maideqT 2 

...de qi 

cannot afford to offend sb 

A dezui buqi mouren 
affordable adj maideqT de, 

zhTfu de qT de 

affront n fS#fc£ i i ^ r wuru xing yanxing, 
ft-# wuru 

aflo. adj irfi&Jnlff zTjin 
zhouzhuan lianghao de 
afraid adj i ffi pa, #tfi haipa 2 St6 
kongpa 

afresh adv Jl®r chongxln, §r xln 
Africa n #iHI Feizhou 
African I adj ®JtlM Feizhou de II n 
A Feizhou ren 

after I prep, conj l±.--\ZUn zai... yThou 
After you. Nfn xian qTng. 

day after tomorrow Jp A houtian 
after all bijing, buguan 

zenme shuo 
II adv \cXfs yThou 

not long after 'F'AWfp bujiu yThou 
after-effect n Jpil&Jn! houyizheng, MYf 
fuzuoyong 

afterlife n laisheng, 7^® laishi 

aftermath n fp^: houguo, yubo 

afternoon n TA xiawu 
aftershave n tixu hou 

yong de run fu you, MJnW xuhoumi 
aftertaste n yuwei 
afterthought n shihou de 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



airfare 



xiangfa, houlai xiangqT 

de shi 

afterward, afterwards adv /ui‘X houlai 
again adv X you, S zai 
Try it again! ¥}■$<— T! Zai shi yi xia! 
now and again ## changchang 
against prep tzXt fandui 
age I n 1 nianling, nianji 2 frtft 

shidai, shfqT 

for ages hen chang shijian 

II v bianlao 
aged adj nianlao de 

the aged A laonianren 
ageless adj yongbu bianlao 

de, yongbaoqlngchun de 

agency n ( KM ) 4* (dailT) gongs! 
dating agency hunyTn 

jieshaosuo 

employment agency ^1 jiuye 
gongsT, zhiye jieshaosuo 

agenda n i zHlMfM huiyl yicheng 2 H 
yao zuo de shiqing 
high on the agenda 
youxian ban de shiqing, 

HI jixu jiejue de wenti 
hidden agenda yTnmi de 

dongjT, eT A 6*J S bukegaoren de 

mudi 

agent n i ASA dailiren, iHHA JTngjiren 
2 #XAM tegong renyuan 
FBI agent lianbang 

diaochaju tegong 

aggravate v shi ehua, #Bfi!j jiaju 
aggressive adj i qTnlue de 2 

4-^J hao dou de 3 WffiX'lJ'I^J you 
jinquxTn de, chong jin 

shizu de 

aggrieved adj shengan 

weiqu de, fenmen de 

aghast adj xiadaile de, A Aft 

t#lA dawei zhenjTng de 
agile adj linghuo de, 

minjie de 

agitate v shandong, gudong 

agnostic n bukezhTIunzhe 

ago adv BU qian, \clm ylqian 
agonize v ilSTS 1 tongku, kunao 



to agonize over sth A 

*E] ^lii wei [+yi xiang kunnan de jue- 
ding] kunao, nan zuo jueding 

agonizing adj jiqi tongku de, 

f$A^ltilA jiwei kunao de 
agony n julie de tengtong, 'M 

i*r tongku 

in agony jiqi tongku de 

agree v i I^Im tongyi 2 yueding, 
$:/E jueding 3 xiangfu he, J 

ifc yfzhi 

not to agree with sb ^M£Aff P 

budui mouren weikou 
agreeable adj i aTtUl^ll^J keyi tongyi 
de 2 i^A^ilScW taoren xThuan de 
agreement n 1 tongyi 2 xieyi 

agriculture n Aik nongye 
ahead adv BU IS qianmian, &BUIS zai 
qianmian 

ahead of schedule i^BU tiqian 
aid n, v tJcfS yuanzhu, #£jj bangzhu 
aide n &]MAm zhulT renyuan, &]M zhulT, 
JfS? zhushou 
AIDS n xMM aizibing 
ailment n xiao bing^^M bushufu 

aim I v 1 tTW dasuan, mu biao shi 

2 zhendui 3 miaozhun II n S 
^5 mubiao 

to take aim miaozhun 
air I n 1 kongqi 2 S4 1 kongzhong, 
Xr£ tiankong 

air strike kongzhong dajT, ^ 

^ kongxi 

air time ( ) MWl'l] 

(guangbo dianshi) bofang shijian 
by air zuo feijT 

to be on air ( ^ o ) lE^EAti (diantai) 
zheng zai guangbo 

II v 1 BsTP [+AM] lianggan [+yTfu] 2 ^ 
^ [+^M] biaoda [+yijian] 
airbag n anquan qinang 

airbase n kongjun jTdi 

airborne adj i zai feixing 

zhong 2 kongjiang de 

air conditioner n kongqi 

tiaojie qi, kongtiaoqi 

airfare n feijT piaojia 




airfield 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



airfield n ( “slW - ) HIM (kongjun) jTchang 
air force n kongjun 
airline n liter's] hangkong gongs! [m. 
wd M jia] 

budget airline lianjia 

hangkong gongsT 

airliner n WHl banjT [m. wd jia], A3U 
daxing kejl [m. wd jia] 
airmail n laSflP# hangkong youjian 
airplane n TSfJl feijT [m. wd jia] 
airport n ^iHlM feijlchang [m. wd ^ 
zuo], HIM jTchang [m. wd >3* zuo] 
airspace n 3® ITngkong 
Japanese airspace Riben 

ITngkong 

airtight adj mifeng de 

airy adj tongfeng lianghao de 

aisle n Mil! tongdao 
to walk down the aisle jiehun 

ajar adj ( H ) (men) wei kai de, 

ban kai de 

a.k.a. (= also known as) abbrev 
youming, XD L I youjiao 
Halsey, a.k.a. raging bull Xft 

Hai'er sai, youming "manniu" 
akin adj jfwei lei si 

akin to sth #1 ( he 

(mou wu) jfwei leisi, fO ( 
iU he (mou wu) shffen xiangsi 
a la carte adj ( (cong 
caidan shang) diancai 
to order a la carte cong 

caidan shang diancai 
alacrity n 'l^i kuaijie 
alarm I n i 1S4II jTngbao, 
jTngbaoqi 2 liQ^ 1 naozhong 3 fat® 
jTngkong II v Wlfc jTngjue 
alarm clock l^^ naozhong 
false alarm — ‘Mf*tW> yi chang xujTng 
to raise the alarm fachu 

jTngbao, ^{±5^^ fachu jTnggao 
alarmi adj 4'AifitWKl ling ren danyou 
de, lingren konghuang de 

alas interj W8 aiya 
albino n A baihuabing bingren, 

huan baihuabing de 

dongwu 



album n 1 m# changpian, 
yTnyue zhuanjf 2 zhaoxiangbu 

3 iSfiPJHJ- jfyouce 
alcohol n SS jiu, jiujTng 
alcohol abuse W&ffi xujiu 
alcoholic I adj hanyou 

jiujTng de 

alcoholic beverage 

hanyou jiujTng de yinliao, jiulei 
II n MiH jiuguT, Ufe# xujiuzhe 
ale n nongpfjiu, maiya jiu 

alert I adj jTmin de, jTjlng 
de II v 1 MU fixing 2 fachu 

jTngbao III n jTngbao 
to be on the alert baochf 

jTngjue 

algebra n daishu 

alias I adv youming, XB L I youjiao 

II n ik& huamfng, fit 45 jiamfng 
alibi n buzai fanzui 

xianchang dfzheng mfng [m. wd 'ffr fen] 
alien n i £hlHA waiguoren, 
qiaomfn, (an illegal alien) 
feifa waiqiao 2 £hMA waixTngren 
alienate v i ]£fj6J Ifjian, shT 
shuyuan 2 ffik [+zh^k] zhuanrang 
[+tudi] 

alight 1 adj ranshaozhe de 

alight 2 vi hX [+“(£tlL / '^$±] cong 
[+feijT/qiche shang] xialai 2 [-®r+] 11^ 
[niao+] fei luo 

align vi 5 [+A^I5:A] yu [+daduo- 

shu ren] yfzhi 2 ® [+$$&] shT 

[+chelun] pai cheng zhfxian 
alike I adj xiangxiang II adv P]# 

tongyang 

alimony n ( (lihun) 

shanyangfei [m. wd % bT] 
alive adj 1 huozhao de 2 

rengran cunzai de 

alive and well huo de 

haohaode 

alkaline adj hanyou jian de 

all I adj suoyou de, quan- 

bu de II adv wanquan III pron 
quanbu, yfqie 

all along yizhf 



244 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



all-around quanneng de 

all right fr xfng, “TLi, keyT 
all the time j&Jk zongshi, laoshi 
Allah n Si Zhenzhu, Anla 
allay v jianqlng 
to allay suspicion jianqlng 

huaiyf 

allegation n zhTkong 

allegation of tax evasion 
taoshui de zhTkong 
allegiance n xiaozhong, 

zhongcheng 

to pledge allegiance to 

xiang... xuanshi xiaozhong 
allergic adj guomTn de 
to be allergic to dui.. .guomTn 

allergy n guomTn, MI&Kiy 
guominfanying 

alleviate v MM huanjie, jianqlng 

to alleviate hardship for the rural 
poor 3£$&fctt&#An 
jianqlng nongcun pfnqiong renkou de 
jiannan shenghuo 

alley n i# xiaoxiang [m. wd M tiao] 
alliance n lianmeng, Nil tongmeng 
alligator n ( (duanwen) eyu 

[m. wd ^ tiao] 

all-inclusive adj quanbu 

baokuo de, feiyong quan 

bao de 

allocate v fenpei, bogei 
to allocate 200,000 dollars for a 
literacy program ~K7 j 

Htg bo gei saomang jihua ershi wan 
Meiyuan 

allocation n i fenpei, bokuan 

2 peijT liang 

allot v fenpei, peijT 
to allot 10 minutes for a quiz 

anpai shifen zhong zuo 

xiao ceyan 

allow v 3tW yunxu, zhunxu 

Allow me! Rang wo lai 

bang nT! 

allowance n 1 xian'e 

baggage allowance xfngli 

xian zhong 



although 

2 [f±i§+] '0)\ii [zhufang] jTntie, [HH+] 
thill [lucha+] buzhu 
alloy n hejTn 

allure n youhuo, meili, ®^l 

A xTyTnli 

ally I n SS HI mengguo, mengyou 

II v yu...jiemeng 

to ally oneself with yu... 

jiemeng, yu...lianshou 

almanac n 1545 lishu, nianjian 

almighty adj ( Aiff ) quanneng 

de (Shangdi) 

Almighty God quanneng de 

Shangdi 

almond n xingren [m. wd M ke] 
almost adv ili jlhu, chabuduo 

alms n #$Fpb jiuji pTn, 1®# shlshe 
aloft adv fegj zai gao chu 
alone adj dandu de, 
gudu de 

Leave me alone. it^-^AfsMto 

Rang wo yf ge ren daizhe. 

to go it alone duzi gan, 

dangan 

along prep ‘?&lt yanzhe 
alongside adv i zai yiqT 2 Hit 

kaozhe 

aloof adj lengdan de 

to stay aloof from jzlpj yuanlf, 
bu canyu 

aloud adv A^ife dashing de 
alphabet n zimu biao, i# zimu 
already adv yTjTng 
also adv til ye 
altar n jitai 

altar boy jitai zhushou 

alter v \$t gai, gaibian 

alteration n gaibian, biandong 
alternate I v lunliu, 5C# jiaoti II adj 

1 lunliu de, jiaoti de 

2 [+^M] houbu de [+weiyuan], 

Jniikffi houbei de [+qiuyuan] 

alternative I adj ling yf ge, 

#I^J ke xuanze de II n 
to have no alternative but ... 
if] 'i£ meiyou biede banfa, Kft zhT neng 
although conj suTran 




altitude 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



altitude n gaodu, Sffi haiba 
altogether adv —A yigong, 
zonggong 

altruism n ifllftlliX litazhuyi 
aluminum (AI) n fn lu 
always adv Awe zongshi, —I yizhi, — 
l“] yixiang 
am vSee be 

amalgamate v -n# hebing, ftn lianhe 
amass v fHIS jTju, IRM jilei 
amateur I adj yeyu de II n i rlk 

^TS$?tU yeyu aihaozhe 2 dr T‘ 
shengshou 

amaze v shT...shifen jTngqf 

amazement n twnf jTngqi 
amazing adj lingren jTngqi 

de, A Afrji Lrf I’l'j lingren jTngya de 
ambassador n Affi dash! [m. wd fi wei] 
the Chinese ambassador to the U.S. 
4 , llffiJtl 3 Affi ZhSngguo zhu Meiguo 
dashT 

ambiguous adj eMC'RhM hanyi buqlng 
de, URMPTfif) molengliangke de 
ambition n ®'ll' xiongxln, lit A baofu 
ambitious adj you xiongxln de, 

-fTffiStKl you baofu de 
ambivalent adj neixTn 

maodun de 

amble v tStSitef! manman de zou 
ambulance n jiuhuche 

ambush n, v ftifi fujT 
ameliorate v ftU gaishan, &i4 gaijin 
amen interj HH amen 
Amen to that. IB]® tongyi, AA zancheng 
amenable adj yuanyi 

tTngcong de, ISiAM shuncong de 
to be amenable to a compromise ® 
yuanyi tuoxie 

amend v fflE xiuzheng, flrft xiugai 
amendment n i ftIH xiuzheng, 
xiugai 2 ttiEM xiuzheng'an 
amends n iltU: daoqian, !SHS peichang 
to make amends ilMK daoqian, SSiS 
peichang 

amenities n AmOiM gongyi sheshT 
American I adj HHfld Meiguo de, H?Jtl 
lil'J Meizhdu de II n *BIA Meiguoren 



ami. adj MDftfil youhao de, 

M qTnqie youhao de 
amicable adj AfiW youhao de, fnSajfjfj 
hemu de 

an amicable out-of-court settlement 
tifif'KSitf fating wai youhao hejie 
amir prep fr-'f’l's] zai...zhongjian 
amiss adj WiSflsfKj you chacuo de 
to see something amiss SHWiefS 
faxian you chacuo, SSE'ftT l5 lS faxian 
you wenti 

ammunition n #S5 danyao 
amnesia n i ici'IZ^A jiyi sangshT 2 
jianwang, ttSSE jianwangzheng 
amnesty n ifcfe shemian, AAifiJu buyu 
zhuTjiu 

among prep tS-AI'h] zai...zhdngjian 
amora adj xREisM bu daode de 
amorous adj fetffW seqing de, HAWS 
M nannu qing'ai de 

amorphous adj budingxing de 

amount n SM shuliang 
amphibian n AffiMfSlfJifel shullu 
liangqTdongwu 

amphitheater n BAHAIS® yuanxing 
lutianjuchang, IHJf SSArSxffcKi yuan- 
xing lutian jingjichang [m. wd ® zuo] 
ample adj 3S5LW chongzu de 
amplifiei n jrtHS kuoylnqi, 
yangshengqi 
amplify v SStA fangda 
amputate v [+Biiit] qiechu 

[+jiaozhI], jiezhT 

amputee n f SUUfifS' bei jiezhT zhe 
amuse v shi...kuaile, it— Srz^ 
rang...gaoxing 
amusement n iSJR yule 
amusement park 4MTR-® yule chang 
an See a 

anachronism n i kp : 'nB s ff';MA ( V ) 
buhe shidai de ren (shi) 2 ^ffllSSL 
niandai cuoluan 

anal adj 1 SIlTM gangmen de 2 A-Aftt 
iSEM chuT mao qiu cT de 
analgesic n ihflffi zhitongyao 
analogous adj l&fHK) leisi de, 
xiangsi de 



246 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



answer 



analogy n leibT, leisl 

analysis n fenxT 

analyst n fenxT yuan 

stock market analyst 
gupiao shichang fenxT yuan 
analytic, analytical adj fenxT de 
analytic chemistry 
fenxThuaxue 
analyze v fenxT 
anarchy n hunluan zhuangtai, 

wuzhengfu zhuangtai 
anatomy n i Hod jiepou 2 Mp'J# 
jiepouxue 3 jiepou gouzao 

ancestor n I T§.5fe zuxian, zuzong 
2 JEIS yuanxing 

ancestry n IH.7fc zuxian, zuzong 

anchor Ini ( Ip ) Ih (chuan) mao 

2 feUWM tT @ Tfej#A dianshi xTnwen 

jiemu zhuchiren 3 jTngshen 

zhTzhu II v 1 paomao, fftHi ting- 
chuan 2 @ zhuchi dianshi 

jiemu 3 tllfcA zhagen yu 4 zhTchf 
anchorman nan 

dianshi jiemu zhuchiren 

ancient adj "SffW gudai de 

and conj 1 ffl he, yiji 2 ranhou 

3 IfijH erqie 

android n ( ) #ttlA (si ren de) 
jTqiren 

anecdote n quwen yishi 

anemia n ^JfiL pinxue, ^JfiL?n! pinxue- 
zheng 

anesthesia n i mazui, 

mazuifa 2 mazui zhuangtai 

anew adv Jt§T chongxTn 
to start life anew 7F#nilr£.fi§ kaishT xTn 
shenghuo 

angel n Af^ tianshi 
anger n fennu 
angle n M jiao, MJ?C jiaodu 
Anglican n 5ill! Yfngguo 
Shenggonghui jiaotu 
angry adj ‘UtlS fennu, shengqi 
angst n shenqie de youlu 

anguish n jidu tongku, 

jidu jiaolu 

angular adj i [+ 4 £A] gu 



shou ru chai de [+laoren] 2 
[+HI^] you jian jiao de [+tu'an] 
animal n dongwu 

party animal 

xThuan canjia shejiao juhui de ren 
animated adj i ^J0$J donghua de 

an animated cartoon SfNBtH* dong- 
huapian 

2 Ti§fA6*J [+i^i£] huoyue de [+taolun] 
animation n ffelffc donghuapian 
zhizuo 

animosity n #tfH chouhen, 
shenshen de dlyi 
ankle n huai, huaigu 

annals n lishT jizai 

annex v## bingtun, jianbing 

annex 2 n Iftflili^ fushu jianzhu 
annihilate v chedT xiaomie, M 

chedT cuThuT 

anniversary n L^niH+J [jiehun+] 

zhounian, jinianri 

announce v liTfr xuanbu, jtTn xuangao 
announcement n gaoshi, qTshi 
wedding announcement 
jiehun qTshi 

annoy v [+A] 'Itf^ shT [+ren] naonu, 
^ [+A] shT [+ren] shengqi 
annoyance n 'lii^ naonu, shengqi 
annoyed adj ( ) 'lii^ (gandao) 
naonu 

annua I adj meinian de, 

niandu de [+quantT huiyi] 

II n — yiniansheng zhiwu 
annuity n [youhou de+] 

nianjTn 

annul v l?l^ jiechu, iSlt feizhT 
anomaly n yichang, fanchang 
anonymity n H:45 niming 
anonymous adj niming de 

an anonymous phone call 5 
niming dianhua 

anorexia n yanshfzheng 
another pron i X— ( ^ ) you yf (ge), 

^ ) zaiyf (ge) 2 ^ ) ling 

yi (ge), bie de 

answer I v 1 0^ huida 2 0jS huiying 
to answer a letter 0fa huixin 



247 




answerable 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



to answer the telephone SfeiS jie 
dianhua 

II n huida, Sifi da'an 
answerable adj bixu 

chengdan zeren de, dul... 

fuze de 

ant n may! [m. wd K zhT] 
antagonism n didui, XJtiL duikang 
antagonize v shi...fennu, W-- 

XtirC he... duikang 
Antarctic n SPR Nanji 
Antarctica n Sft? , )tl Nanjizhou, ffit&A 
PS Nanji dalu 
ante n duzhu 

to up the ante i§ JPIS?± zengjia duzhu 
antecedent n Uf mfHIHK# yiqian leisi 
de shi [m. wd It jian] , mW qianli 
antechamber n [iAEPSOKM flijff 
[zhuren woshi de+] qiantTng 
antelope n Pt#- lingyang [m. wd M 
zhT/X tou] 

antenna n A® tianxian 
anteroor n Mfi qianshi,8cf#fi jiedaishi 
n MR zange [m. wd If shou] 

national anthem BIS; guoge [m. wd 18* 

shou] 

anthology n jitffi xuanji 
anthropology n A2v- renleixue 
antiaircraft adj PS5M fangkdng de 

antiaircraft missile 652-^11$ fangkong 
daodan 

antibiotic n kangshengsu 

antibody n tt# kangtT 
anticipate v BOT yuqT, yuliao 
anticipation n WJi yuqT, H!4 yuliao 
anticlimax n SSS#fJtS(i4ffltlH8f, yuan- 
yuan meiyou yuqT haode qingkuang, 
2Aj3:z4M^ lingren saoxing de shi 
antics n kexiao de judong 

antidote n jie duyao 

antipathy n HMS.'IM.S.!® qianglie de 
fangan 

antique n Ttii gudong, iiiji guwan 
antique dealer 'fi'Itlij'A gudongshang 
ren 

antiquity n i TSft gudai 2 tSSSi gu 
jianzhu, X#/ wenwu 



antiseptic n }Ps#I?pp xiaoduyao pin, PS 
J#5?i| fangftiji 

antisocir adj i fittztKl fan shehui de 
2 B'jjjrfK) buhe qun de 
antler n H&M lujiao [m. wd H zhl] 
antonym n SXiJJ fanyici 
anus n Jin gangmen 
anvil n SfcSfi tiezhen 
anxiety n MM jiaolu 
anxious adj jiaolu, feichang 

danyou 

any I adj IPX shenme, fffsj renhe 
II adv yidianr III pron (W2 na 

ge, BP® na xie 

anybody pron f£MA renheren, ill! shei 
anyhow adv -FlflSA buguan zenme, 
S.i&illM wulun ruhe 
anymore adv S zai 
not anymore 'FW buzai 
anyon pron flrMA renhe ren, ift shei 
anyplace adv renhe difang 

anything pron renhe shi, 

shenme shi 

anyway adv Ft A2A 2 buguan zenme 
shud, Ail: fanzheng 
anywhere adv AHnUttiSf renhe difang, 
Sj&iPM wulun nali 

ap adv 1 -HPfl xiangge 2 fenkai, 
PSPS geli 

apart from P&T chule 
apartheid n ( S4hW ) WiSHSf'JS: 
(Nanfei de) zhongzu geli zhidu 
apartment n — jfjtrl'fl yi tao fangjian, 
Atffi gdngyu [m. wd jf tao] 
apartment complex tt2'.NE zhuzhai 
xiaoqu 

apatheti adj XRBXIIM bu gan xingqu 
de, lengdan de 

ape I n jfi yuan [m. wd H. zhT] II v fUtt 
mofang 

aperture n JL kong, iB dong 
apex n If!, A. dTngdian, SB, 1 ?, zuigao dian 
aphrodisiac n iliSittStfltlSj jTfa xingyu 
de yao, #15 chunyao 
apiece adv mei yf ge, meige 
aplomb n life zixin, zixin II 

apocalypse n shijie mori, 

248 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



IkM juda zainan 

apolitical adj fei zhengzhi de 

apologetic adj daoqian de, 

you qianyi de 

apologize v iliifc daoqian, iAfu rencud 
apology n itfj: daoqian, WtM qianyi 
apoplexy n zhongfeng 
apostle n Yesu JTdu de 

mentu, WMM chuandao zhe 
apostrophe n piehao (’) 

appall v shT...dawei zhen- 

jTng, shT...shengan tonghen 

to be appalled gandao zhen- 

jTng, gandao jida de 

fennu 

appalling adj i huai jile, 

7 zaogao tou le 2 ji'qf kepa 

apparatus n qixie, \ &lr shebei 
apparel n fuzhuang, iJUti fushi 
ready-to-wear apparel 
xiancheng shizhuang, chengyT 

apparent adj mingxian, 
mingbai 

apparently adv BWitii mingxian de, 
itil xianran de 

apparition n ^ ) guT (hun) 
appea 1 v 1 Bf D T huyu, OTt qTngqiu 2 W 
you xTylnli, shT... 

gan xingqu 

appear v 1 # 7 ^ kanlai, WM* haoxiang 
2 tBSl chuxian 

appearance n 1 waimao 2 
chuxian 

appease v pingxl 

append v IftLh fushang, WfiP fujia 
appendicitis n lUMifc lanweiyan, WMifc 
mangchangyan 

appendix n 1 fulu 2 lUM lanwei, "if 
Mj mangchang 
appetite n Ij P weikou 
appetize n iff kaiweicai 
applaud v guzhang 

applause n zhangsheng 

apple n pingguo [m. wd K zhl] 
apple pie pingguo xianbTng 

appliance n 1 ffiM- qiju 2 
jiayong dianqi 



approval 

applicable adj shengxiao de, ^ 

youxiao de 

applicant n ^ijt A shenqTngren 
application n 1 $ if shenqing 2 
shenqTngshu, shenqing biao 

apply v 1 ^ in [+X# / ^iiE] shenqing 
[+gongzuo/qianzheng] 2 isffl 
yunyong [+xTn jishu], iitJl shiyong 
3 ^ [+— tu [+yi ceng you qT] 
appoint v 1 renming, weipai 
2 &J/51 yueding, Jh/E zhiding 
appointment n 1 ( (peng- 
youde) yuehui [m. wd #C ci] 2 ( 

) Wk yuyue 3 ( PR# ) Ufa (zhiwu) 
renming, §N3: weiren 
apportion v fenpei, frW fentan 
appraisal n feflt gujia, jianding 
appreciate v 1 ganxie, t^'I# ITngqing 
2 Ilf ITjie 3 L^i te + J isfS [fangchan+] 
zengzhi 

appreciation n 1 ganxie 2 MM ITjie, 
xTnshang 3 Jaffi zengzhi 
apprehend v ild§ daibu, Mi jubu 
apprehensive adj danyou de, 'te 
ifeft youlu de 

apprentice I n xuetu, tudi 
II v dang xuetu 

approach I v 1 zoujin, [fr¥+J ilralfi 

[xTnnian+] linjin 2 
jiejin [+qunian de shulping] 3 
bPH] yu [+zhengfu bumen] 

jiaoshe 4 [+fo]^] chulT [+wenti], ^ 

# duifu II n 1 [15:^+] 'Jityk [jiaoxue+] 
fangfa 2 yaoqiu, qTngqiu 3 ii 

M tongdao, AP rukou 4 ^llra laili'n 
to make approaches 
zhudong jiejin, qiu'ai 
approachable adj 1 ke jiejin 

de 2 keqfn jin de 

approbation n 1 fH$£ plzhun 2 
chengzan 

appropriate 1 adj heshi de, IS 

o' shihe 

appropriate 2 v 1 m-&+] mm 
[juzhang+] nuo yong 2 1^11^+] WMi 
[zhengfu+] bokuan 
approval n plzhun, I^J^ tongyi 




approve 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



approve v i tttHi pTzhun 
to approve of zancheng 
approximate I adj dayue de 
II v jlnsi, jiejln 
apricot n ^ xing [m. wd K zhTJ, 
xingzi [m. wd H zhi] 

April n siyue 
apron n 111® weiqun [m. wd ^ tiao] 
apt adj qiadang de 

apt to rongyi...de 

aptitude n [^ia ff£ft+] H [xueyu yan 

de+] caineng,!^ nengli 
aquarium n shuizuguan [m. wd 

^ zuo] 

aquatic adj shuTsheng de 

an aquatic product tK^pp shuTchanpin 
aqueduct n ft££if£ gao jia qu, fitff 
ducao [m. wd ill dao /£ tiao] 

Arabic I adj Alabo de 

Arabic numeral Alabo shuzi 

II n Ala boy u 

arable adj keyT gengzhong de 

arable land kegengdi 

arbitrary adj zhuguan 

wuduan de 
an arbitrary decision 
zhuguan wuduan de jueding 
arbitration n zhongcai, 
gongduan 

to be settled by arbitration 

tongguo zhongcai dedao 

jiejue 

arc n huxian, huxing 
arcade n #1)® gong lang [m. wd tiao] 
arch I n mn gongmen [m. wd zuo], 
gongdTng II v shTcheng 

gongxing, gong qT 

archaic adj i gulao de 2 

gut! de, bu tongyong de 

an archaic word gu ci, ti'iu guyu 
archbishop n A.^M dazhujiao 
archeology n kaogu, #‘6’^ 
kaoguxue 

archipelago n qundao 

architect n HSW jianzhushT 

landscape architect SWiitrW yuan- 
lin shejishT 



architecture n jianzhuxue 

marine architecture sllp^ zao- 
chuanxue 

archive n dang'an 

archives dang'anguan 

Arctic n 4b® Beijf, 4b®E Beijiqu 
ardent adj $VlW [+it#] reqing de 
[+zhTchi], relie de 

ardor n ^VlW reqing, Ml JTqing 
arduous adj jianju de, 
jiannan de 
are See be 

area n 1 itilE. diqu 2 ffif-R mianjT 
area code fenqu dianhua 

haoma 

arena n 1 shineiyundong 

chang 2 ( fif-4- ) fftFJx (bodou) 
changsuo 

argue v zheng lun 
argument n i #•!& zhenglun, ## 
zhengchao. 2 Si ITyou, ife/nt lundian 
arid adj i ganhan de 2 

kuzao fawei de 

arise (pt arose; pp arisen) v 1 &Lal qili 
2 ihM chuxian 3^1^ yfnqf 
arisen See arise 

aristocrat n vkM guizu [m. wd wei] 
arithmetic n suanshu 

mental arithmetic xTnsuan 

arm I n shoubi [m. wd ^ tiao] II v in 
gei...wuqi, wuzhuang 

armament n i S® wuqi [m. wd # jian] 

2 (armaments) junbei 
armchair n fushouyi [m. wd JE ba] 

armed adj you wuqi de, ^^6^1 

wuzhuang de 

armed forces wuzhuang 

budui, jundui 

armor n 1 tiejia, zhuangjia 

gang ban 2 ^ zhuangjiabTng, 

aWA zhuangjia budui 

armored division 41^!® zhuangjiashT 
arms n wuqi 

to take up arms naqT wuqi, 

zhunbei zhandou 
army n lujun, ^1^ jundui 
aroma n [#l4fi^J+] [xiangliao de+] 



250 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



asphalt 



fangxiang, [kafei de+] 

xiangqi 

aromatherapy n fangxiang 

liaofa 

arose See arise 

around I prep 1 fr-MBI zai...zhouwei, 
weirao 2 fr-lritil zai...gedi 3 
dayue II adv iHlil zhouwei 
arouse v yTnqT, jTqT 
arraign v f#itl [ +£§ii2l2] chuanxun 
[+xianyifan], UtlS zhikong 
arrange v i 3c# [+zH^] anpai [+huiyi], 
^JaE yueding 2 [+ l^'Joo] buzhi 

[+chenliepTn], pailie 

arrangement n i 3 c# anpai, #} *e 
yueding 2 ^Sl buzhi, ##J pailie 
array I n — yixilie, AM daliang 
II v oftH bushu, zhiding 
arrears n 1 fRffi jTya 2 lAfXAlfc yingfu 
qiankuan 

in arrears [+^-fi] tuoqian de 
[+fangzu] 
arrest v daibu 
arrival n £(Jji£ daoda 
arrive v daoda, did a 
arrogance n M'lt aoman.leli^A wang 
zi zun da 

arrow n itu^c jiantou 
arsenal n junhuoku, 

bTnggongchang [m. wd ^ zuo] 
arson n 7&A fanghuo, zonghuo 

zui 

art n ylshu, HX meishu 
the arts ~3Cz! wenyi 

artery n 1 [Aft+] aW [ren de+] dong- 
mai 2 [3c3S+] [jiaotong+] ganxian, 
Xii! gandao 

arthritis n guanjieyan 
article n 1 wenzhang 2 wujian 
articulate I adj biaodali 

qiang de, PtWi^J koucai haode II v in 
qTngxT de shuo 

artifact n AXffrJpp rengong zhipTn 
artificial adj Aia#J renzao de, AX$J 
rengong de 

artificial intelligence AX^tls rengong 
zhineng 



artificial respiration AXBfBA rengong 
huxT 

artillery n paobing 
artisan n XzlA shouyiren 
artist n ziXiC yishujia [m. wd fi wei] 
as I prep zuowei II conj 1 ^ dang, 
zai...de shfhou 2 XX 
youyu III adv 1 ■# xiang. ..yfyang 

2 (as well) til ye 

ascend v XA shangsheng, IfriSi denggao 
ascent n XA shangsheng, IfritJ denggao 
ascertain v ftllAE queding, chaining 
ascetic adj kuxfng de, 
jinyu de 

ascribe v JG--!l^0X ba...guTyTnyu 
asexual adj AIM wuxing de, 
wuxing qiguan de 

asexual reproduction wuxing 

fanzhi 

ash n M huT, JkM huTjin 
volcanic ashes AlLl^c huoshanhuT 
ashamed adj “SHU cankui, iUlfe xiukui 
ashen adj [+J&-fe] huTbaise de 

[+lianse], -t^rX cangbai 
ashore adv X^ shang'an 
Asia n MM Yazhou 
Asian I n MifHA Yazhouren II adj 3EtH| 

( ) Yazhou (de) 

asid I adv ftiiX xiang bianshang, 
ii zai pangbian II n qiaoqiaohua 

ask v 1 l^l wen 2 qTngqiu, in qTng 

3 3Min yaoqTng, in qTng 
to ask after j5jf£ wenhou 
to ask the way wenlu 

askew adv X/f4 waixie 
asleep adj Hi# shuizhao 
to fall asleep BiNf shuizhao, AB§ rushui 
asparagus n lusun 

aspect n 1 waibiao, ffifiil mianmao 
2 Affi fangmian 3 Aft fangxiang, A 
fang wei 

to study a problem from all aspects 
quanmian de yanjiu 

went! 

aspersion n feibang, 

zhongshang 

asphalt n '/JSnf liqTng, baiyou 

251 




aspiration 

aspiration n zhixiang,J&^ baofu 
aspirin n KrJEW asTpTIfn 
ass n 1 1/ 1 lu [m. wd A tou] , liF-p luzi 2 fl: 
shagua 3 MM pigu 

to make an ass of oneself A'HW gan 
shashi 

assailant n Mitr# gongjTzhe 
assassin n BhAtIj an sha zhe, cike 
assault n, v Mifr gongjT 
sexual assault 3M4I qiangbao, 
qiangjian 

assemble v i jfhui 2 MS shoujf 
3 zhuangpei 

assembly n i jihui 2 ##Pl&#£KlA 
canjia juhui de ren 3 zhuangpei 
assembly line zhuangpeixian 

assent n tongyi, f^l^I zantong 
assert v A3& zhuzhang, jSllfc jiancheng 
to assert oneself BWtXf'J 
jianchi ziji de quanli, MAil 
xianshi zljT de diwei 
assertion n i zhuzhang 2 IItW 
duanyan 

assess v MM cesuan, ffrfft gujia 
asset n 1 zTchan 2 W0H&WA ( 

^ ) you jiazhi de ren (huo wu) 
liquid assets liudong zTJTn 

asshole n 1 MBR piyan 2 bendan 
assig v 1 [+ff #] fenpei [+renwu] 

2 zhTpai 
to assign sb to do sth 
3R zhTpai mouren danren mou zhi 
assignment n fi# renwu 
homework assignment ffclk zuoye 
assimilate v S4A rong ru, I^Hfc tonghua 
assist v #?lij bangzhu, tfrfb xiezhu 
assistance n bangzhu, tfrfl/j xiezhu 

assistant n UjII zhulT, MIA.M zhulT 
renyuan 

associate I v lianxi 

to associate with sb -^^A3cS yu 
mouren jiaowang 
Uni ikMr huoban, fsj^ tongshi 2 
{ zhun xuewei huodezhe 
Associate of Arts zhun wen- 

xueshi 

III adj §'J fu, M zhun 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



associate professor S'Ji&Jf fujiaoshou 
association n tfrz? xiehui, shetuan 
assorted adj gezhong 

geyang de 

assortment n hunhewu, fHljJ shijTn 

an assortment of desserts 
shijTn tiandian 
assume v fPI/i- jiading 
an assumed name flc4a jiaming 
assumption n fPiiit jiashe, fPi/E jiading 
assurance n ilfs zixin 
assure v tMf£ danbao, baozheng 
asterisk n xTnghao (*) 

asteroid n / MtM xiaoxingxTng 
asthma n xiaochuanbing,"^^ 

qichuan 

astonish v shT...chTjTng 

astonishing adj ihA^t^^J rang ren 
chTjlng de 

astound v sKL.feichang 

chTjlng 

astounding adj ihA##H£tRI^I rang 
ren feichang chTjlng de 
astray adv mfshT 

to go astray bu wu zhengye 

astride adv kua zuo de 
astringent adj i [+tlti¥] yanli de 

[+pTping] 2 zhixue de 

astrology n zhanxTngshu 

astronaut n yuhangyuan 

astronomical adj 1 tianwenxue 

de 2 iTAl^J [+%£¥] juda de [+shuzi], A 
tianwen shuzi de 
astronomy n MlScM 1 tianwenxue 
astute adj jlngming de 

[+touzTzhe] 

asylum n MM binan, JtE^ bihu 
political asylum zhengzhi 

binan 

at prep 1 ( f&A / ) zai...(di- 

fang/shijian) 2 dui, |dJ xiang 
atheist n wushenlunzhe 

athletic adj i [+^f^] tiyu 

yundong de [+xuexiao] 2 [+W 

M], jianzhuang de [+qlngnian], 
shanchang tiyu de 
athletics n tiyu yundong 

252 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



austere 



Atlantic Ocean n Affi# DaxTyang 
atlas n itillS ditu [m. wd 3£ zhang], Ml® 
ffl d'ltuce [m. wd ^ ben] 

ATM (= Automated Teller Machine) ab- 
brev § zidong tfkuanjT 

atmosphere n ^ HM qifen 2 A^ daqi, 
A^M daqiceng 
atom n W-.T yuanzi 
atone v 5§MI£ shuzui, 3ft# [& A] irnbu 
[+guoshT] 

atrocious adj huai jile de, ffii: 

T zaotou le de 
attach v fushang 
to be attached to IfSI xi'ai, yTlian 
attache n LA{j£it$J+] PilM [dashTguan 
de+] suiyuan 
a military attache ( 

(dashTguan de) wuguan 
attachment n Pfl# fujian 
attack I v J&iir gongjT II n i J&iir gongjT 
2 ( MM ) (jibing) fazuo 
heart attack xTnzangbing 

fazuo 

attain v MM shixian, $E# huode 
attempt I v KHI shitu, $!ll xiangyao 
II n KHI shitu 

attend v liJJSr chuxi, #jjn canjia 
attendance n ftJJiii chuxi, chuxi 

renshu 

attendant n iHUrM fuwuyuan 
parking-lot attendant 
tingchechang fuwuyuan 
attention n '/±j& zhuyi 
to pay attention to zhuyi, mM 

liuyi 

attentive adj 1 guanzhu 

de [-HaoshT] 2 [+M^-J zhoudao 

de [+fuwu] 

attest v iTEflfj zhengming 
attic n I’fiMtc gelou [m. wd M ceng] 
attire n 131131 fuzhuang 
attitude n iSH: taidu, xlntai 

attorney n WM lush! 
attorney general shouxi 

jianchaguan [m. wd wei] 
attraction n P&3I t) xlyinli 
tourist attraction MW& luyoudian 



attractive adj ffiHI tlffi you xTyinli de, 
piaoliang de 

attribute I v (to attribute to) 11=107 
guTyTnyu II n #'14 texing, pp^ pinzhi 
attrition n 1 ffiffi l+i^J xiaohao [+zhan] 

2 li$£^.M [gongs! de+] ziran 

jianyuan 

natural attrition ziran suojian 

attuned adj shiying de 
auburn n hong hese 
auction n, v #1^ paimai 
to put sth up for auction 
ba mouwu na qu paimai 
auctioneer n #1^A paimai ren 
audacious adj AHfifi^J dadan de, 
lumang de 

audible adj pJt#JaL&*J tTngde jian de 
audience n [+%f^l M ik [+dianyTng] 
guanzhong, [7^#+] P)t$: 
[+yTnyuehui+] tTngzhong 
audio adj ia yTnxiang de 
audiotape n luyTn cidai 

audiovisua adj shitlng de 
audiovisual equipment WTi&i§- 
shitTng shebei 

audit v, n ^i+ shenji, ritMK chazhang 
to audit company accounts 
D&il shenji gongs! zhangmu 
audition n, v shi chang, KM shiyan 
to audition for a musical 

canjia yichu yTnyue ju de 

shiyan 

auditorium n ITtang 
augment v ift jJP zengjia, it A kuoda 
August n bayue 
aunt n l 5 * 5 !^ ayl (mother’s sister), #£#£ 
gugu (father’s sister), MM jiuma (ma- 
ternal uncle’s wife), fS# bomu (father’s 
elder brother’s wife), shenshen 
(father’s younger brother’s wife) 
auspices n zanzhu 
under the auspices of you... 

zanzhu 

auspicious adj ##6^1 jfxiang de, "n M 
jili de 

austere adj 1 yanli de 2 

jianpu de 



253 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



austerity 

austerity n [+SSF±] [+jTngjishang] 
jlnsuo, jiesheng 

Australia n iUAfffi Aodaliya 
authentic adj i IEzrM 
zhengzdng de [+Faguo xiangbTnjiu] 

2 yuanzuo de, KM zhende 

an authentic painting of Piccaso — fi 
yifu Bijiasuo de yuanhua 
authenticate v i S2-MB 
jianding...shi zhende 2 ills? zhengshl 
authenticity n KlKtt zhenshixing 
author n zuozhe 

authoritative adj tXJSttM quanwei 
xing de 

authority n tXi® quanwei, \JJi quanli 
the authorities SM dangju 
autism n § ftUS zibizheng 
autobio; n iff zizhuan [m. wd It 

pian/X ben] 

autocratic adj ducai de, 
zhuanzhi de 

autograph I n l^gAM+l ffi# [mingren 
de+] qianming II v qianming 
automatic I adj SSM zidong de, SS 
f-fcM zidonghua de 
automatic transmission 
zidong pai dang 

II n zidong biansu qiche 

automobile n f*t$ qiche [m. wd fB liang] 
automobile industry qiche 

gongye 

autonomous adj StSM zizhi de 
autonomy n § fa zizhi 
autopsy n shit! jianyan 

N 9(X qiutian, fk 9 qiuji 
auxiliary adj i fitSJjflf) fuzhu de 2 IrfflM 
beiyong de 

avai v KflX you liyu 
to avail oneself of fOT liyong 
available adj fet#ifi]M neng dedao de 
avalanche n 9 m xuebeng [m. wd 
chang] 

avarice n A tt- tanlan, c'clb tanxTn 
avenue n AW da jie, W jie [m. wd eft tiao] 
average I adj TiS plngjun, iiHviV tdng- 
chang II n 'K-hjA plngjunshu, — ISrKT' 
yiban shulping III v TAlfi pingjun shi 



averse adj K3S yanwu, hen 

bu xThuan 

avert v SA bimian, IS&ih fangzhT 
aviation n ittfe bimian, Kflh fangzhi 
aviator n Atff-M feixlngyuan 
avid adj db'lbiifl rexln de, £E#tM kuangre 
de 

avocado n ISSi ell 
avoid v iKfe bimian 

avow v XJIvfuA gongka chengren, pHitj 
shengmlng 

awake I v (pt awoke; pp awaken) pl IBS 
jiaoxing II adj Si# xingzhe 
awaken' v i pl IBl jiaoxing 2 ffeBl huanxing 
awaken 2 See awake 
awakening n 'it SI juexing 
award In 1 ^ jiang, jiangzhang [m. 
wd A mei] 2 A A jiangjin [ m. wd X bl] 
II v fiSe shoujiang, banjiang 
aware adj aiRSJ yishidao, 'jilljfd zhTdao 
awareness n StM yishi, iAW. renshi 
awash adj AUtM chongchi de, ®£M 
fanlan de 

away adv i S?F llkai 
Goawayliffp! Zoukai! iS! Gun! 

2 'fli ( SC, ) bu zai (jia, 

bangongshi) 

to put sth away }Ei---i|St®jR ba... 
shouqilai 

awe n jingwei, S'fcR weiju 
awesome adj i ^ASCSM [+SUj] 
lingren jingwei de [+gaoshan] 2 fff® 

T hao ji le 

awful I adj JfP8T huai jile, ffST 
zaotou le II adv 1 fUftjST zaogao tou 
le 2 jhlff feichang 
awfully adv SMi feichang 
awhile adv — ztJL ylhuir 
awkward adj 1 flEJlBM [+|]R] benzhuo 
de [+nanhai], XAffi bullnghuo 2 
M I ganga de [+changmian] 
awning n zhepeng, MiS yiipeng 
awoke See awake 
awry adj wai de, xie de 
to go awry thSTrp chuchazi 
ax I n futou [m. wd }E ba] 
to get the ax ftM jiegu, kandiao 



254 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



bad 



to have an ax to grind 

baoyou geren mudi 
II v MM. jiegu, 5W kandiao 
axis n zhou, zhouxian 
axle n $$|il chezhou 
aye interj Ik shi, zancheng 

B 

babble v i LHJL+] [ylng'er+] 

yayaxueyu 2 [3-;AA+] 

[laotaitai+] diedie buxiu 
babe n !£JL yTng'er 

baby n 1 #JL yTng'er, xiaobaobao 

2 SSI (nanzi duixTn 

ai de nuren) baobei 
baby carriage tongche 

baby talk &!jJLia you'er yu 
baby boomer n 

shengyu gaofengqT chusheng de ren, 
1948-64^fh£#jA 1948-64 nian 
chusheng de ren 
babysat See babysit 
babysit (pt & pp babysat) v 
zhaokan xiaohai 

bachelor n danshen nanzT, 

weihun nanzT 

bachelor party danshenhan 

juhui 

back I n Hf bei, beibu II adj Wfa bei- 
hou, Jnffi houmian III adv 1 )affi houmian 
Step back! fiiniM! Wang hou tui! 

2 0 hui, JKSk yuanchu 
behind one's back manzhe... 

back and forth |0|£®@ lailai huihui 
backache n IKlSh^r yaosuan beiteng 
backbone n 1 #14 jTzhu 2 #4 1 gugan 
backbreaking adj [+14 fijf 

jianku fanzhong de [+ till laodong] 
backdate v i 

xie shang bi shiji shijian zao de riqT 2 jJl 
zhulsu dao 

backdrop n #11 beijTng 
backfire v 1 ['K$^li+] i#iA [qiche 
yinqing+j nihuo 2 [itfc!j+] h 

[jihua+] fasheng yiwai. 



chansheng yu yuji xiangfan 
de xiaoguo 

backgammon n +3l-?|R shiwu zi qi [m. 

wd S pan/S’J fu] 
background n beijTng 
backhande adj i [+4-ER] 

fanshou de [+jlqiu] 2 iJM1^7!?$J [+^ 
%o] fengci waku de [+zanyang], Jx.iSTft 
fanhua de 

a backhanded compliment 

£f£ iS waku de gongweihua 
backing n i Af# zhTchi 2 /nil houtui 
backlash n IxM fantan, 
qianglie fandui 

backlog n fRBE ( #jXf4 ) jTya (de 
gongzuo) 

a backlog of criminal cases IRMM 
J?^f4jTya de xingshi anjian 
backpack n #tl beibao [m. wd K zhl] 
backseat n jnfii hou zuo 
to take a back seat 
jieshou ciyao de diwei 
backside n MIS pigu 
backstage adv a zaihou tai, I4)n n 
wanghou tai 

backtrack v i yuanlu fanhui 

2 MM tuisuo 

backup n 1 IHfr beifen, beiyong 
pin 

backup generator beiyong 

fadianjT 

2 /a#-A^ houbei renyuan 
backward I adj i xianghou de 

2 [+JtilEl] luohoude [+diqu] 

II adv ®)h xianghou 

backwater n i bise de difang 

2 [<hMW+] 5 EtK [xiao he de+] sTshui 
backyard n )pI^ houyuan 
bacon n ^^| xianrou 
to bring home the bacon 
zhengqian yangjia 
bacteria n MM xijun 
bad adj 1 if huai, zaogao, buxing 
That's too bad! IBAIffT ! Na tai zao le! 
to feel bad about 
gandao hen bu kaixTn 
2 youhai 



255 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



badge 

badge n ffllM huTzhang [m. wd mei] 
badly adv i hen buhao, hen 

zao 2 IKK jfqf, feichang 

badminton n /kJ4^5ki5^J yumaoqiu 
yundong 

badmouth v shuo...huaihua 

baffled adj beinan zhu le, 

gandao kunhud bujie 
bag n & bao, ^ dai 
bag lady cA wu jia ke guT 

de nuren 

school bag 45£L shubao 
bagel n yuanxing ying 

mianbao [m. wd kuai] 
bagful n — yf dai de 
baggage n fr^ xingli [m. wd # jian] 
baggage car huoche de 

xingliche 

baggage room xingli 

jicunchu 

bail I n baoshijTn [m. wd 41 bT] 

to stand bail jiaobao shi jTn 

II v 1 baoshi 2 H## tuoshen 

to bail out W&] [+F$fl 
bangzhu [+chang shang] tuolf jlngji 
kunjing 

bait I n you'er 

to take the bait shou 

youhuo shangdang 
II v zhuangshang you'er 

bake v '$1 [+4^] kao [+niurou], [+ffi 
hong [+mianbao] 
bake sale $S/&J5C!£ gaodian yimai 
baker n mianbaoshT, flAWM 

gaodian shlfu 

balance I n pingheng 
balance of international payments S 
guoji shouzhT pingheng 
balance sheet zlchan 

fuzhaibiao, A^#juesuanbiao 
II v ilSst dianliang, quanheng 

balanced adj pingheng de, 
junheng de 

balanced diet junheng yfnshf 

balcony n P0 a yangtai 
bald adj tu de, [+HA] tutou 
de [+nanren] 



baleful adj [+mHI] xie'e de [+yitu], 
[+1=1 A] yfndu de [+muguang] 
ball 1 n [?T+] 5k [da+] qiu [m. wd K zhl] 
ball game 5kH qiusai 
ball park 5ki^ qiuchang 
ball 2 n m<£ wuhui [m. wd ci/i^f chang] 
to open the ball 
daitou tiao di yi chang wu 
ballad n Hftifi geyao [m. wd H" shou] 
ballerina n baleiwu 

nuyanyuan 

ballet n -EMU baleiwu 
balloon n ^5k qiqiu [m. wd K zhl] 
hot air balloon $V^C5k reqiqiu 
ballot n xuanpiao [m. wd 3F zhang] 
ballot box toupiaoxiang 

ballpoint pen n [i]5k4l yuanzhubi 
ballroom n HfF wutTng 
ballroom dancing detail jiaoyiwu, 3C 
I^H jiaojiwu 

balm n ( ) ffiMt (zhentong) yougao 

[m. wd # he] 

bamboo n 14 zhu, 14^ zhuzi 
ban v jinzhi [+feifa 

jiaoyi] 

banal adj chenfu de, fawei 

de, meiyou tese de 

banana n #11 xiangjiao [m. wd gen] 
band I n i daizi [m. wd ^ tiao] 

rubber band W-J&M xiangpijln 

2 qun 

a band of wild dogs — #13^0 ylqun 
yegou 

3 ^1 A yuedui 

bandstand yuechi 
II v juji 

bandage I n Ht|j bengdai [m. wd ^ 
tiao/# juan] II v yong 

bengdai baoza 

bandit n ill tufei, feitu 
bandwagon n 1 ^IA^$ yuedui caiche 
2 — M. deshi de yfpai 

to jump on the bandwagon 

‘M touru deshi de yfpai, gan 

langtou 

bane n AM zaixlng, huogen 
more of a bane than a boom 



256 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



basis 



Titlfe 1 , yuqf shuo shi 

fuyTn, hai burn shuo shi huogen 
bang I v 6^^ fachu peng 

de yisheng II n 1 peng de 

yisheng 2 — yi sheng juxiang 
banish v }G [+j$tln2E] ba [+zheng- 

zhifan] liufang 

banister n [&$$$)+] i&A [loutT de+] 
fushou, langan 

bank 1 I n IRtTyinhang [m. wd % jia] 

bank account yfnhang 

zhanghu 

data bank zTliaoku 

II v ba qian cun ru yin- 

hang 

bank 2 n ^ an, he'an, hu'an 

banker n yinhangjia, tlfriibMR 

.M yinhang gaojf zhfyuan [m. wd ft wei] 
bankrupt adj [+]§i A] pochan de 

[+shangren] 

banner n M qi, qizhi 

banner headline iS^AI^ tonglan 
da biaoti 

banquet n yanhui [m. wd 'ik ci] 
banter n shanyi de quxiao 

baptism n !5fe^L xTIT, jinIT 
Baptist n WLzH&A! JinIThui jiaoyou 
bar I n 1 '/IPG jiuba, SPGIBJ jiubajian [m. 
wd % jia] 2 ^ kuai 
a bar of chocolate yi kuai 

qiaokeli 

3 ££ 5 ^ xiantiao, tiaowen 

bar code tiaoxingma 

II v zudang 

barbaric adj t+nl® yeman de 
[+buluo], ban kaihua de 

barbecue, BBQ n shaokao yecan 

barbed adj Wff! you dao gou de,^ 
you daoci de 

barbed wire youci tieslwang 

barber n M’MM ITfashT 
bare I adj chiluo, bu 

chuan yTfu de II vStdj louchu 
bareback adj 
[ qima+] buyong anju de 
bare-bone adj shao dao 

buneng zai shao de 



bare-foot adj chijiao de 
barely adv mianqiang 
bargain I n pianyihuo [m. wd A 

jian] II v taojia huanjia 

barge I n A3!FP)flfeJlp daxing pingdTchuan, 
bochuan [m. wd ® sou] II v AtS 
chongzhuang 

bark I v ( ) Pi| (gou) jiao, SESEWH 
wangwang jiao II n goujiao, <ff0 nL l 
^ goujiao sheng 
barley n Ale damai 
barn n gucang, fl'fc liangcang [m. 
wd zuo] 

barometer n qiyabiao, 

qiyaji, HrMA qingyubiao 
barracks n HfJlr yingfang [m. wd ME zuo] 
barrage n i AAI^J huoliwang 2 
lianzhupao shide wenti 
barrel I n fi tong II v ^fi zhuang tong 
barren adj i [+±JG] pinji de 

[+tudi] 2 [+^(3A] bu shengyu 

de [+funu] 

a barren mine pinhua kuang 
barricade I n luzhang, jielei 
II v shezhi luzhang 

barrier n pfngzhang, 

zhang'aiwu 

barring prep WT [+M^h'lf chu le 

[+yiwai qingkuang] yTwai 
bartender n MPGl'^IM#^ jiubajian 
fuwuyuan [m. wd fu wei] 
barter I v { zuo yihuo maoyi, 
yT huo yi huo II n 
yihuo maoyi 

base I n 1 IfenP dTbu, SfiUi jTchu 2 Sitil jldi 
military base junshi jidi 

II v SA JTyu, W-"ASfiilj yT...wei jTchu 
baseball n bangqiu 

basement n dixiashi 
bash I v JT da, ‘Mfl tongda II n 
mengjT 

bashful adj ’MM:#} [+A^] haixiu de 
[+nu hai] 

basic adj [+1'°]^] jTben de [+wentf] 

basin Nit pen 2 AfG shuTchi 3 
pendi 

basis n STiH] JTchu 



257 




bask 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



bask v BSAPH shai taiyang 
basket n ^ Ian, SI^P lanzi [m. wd K zhl] 
Don't put all your eggs in one basket. 

( - 

'IW-ho ) Bu yao ba suoyou de jldan 
dou fang zai yi ge lanzi IT. ( -*■ Bu yao 
ba yfqie xlwang dou jituo zai yi jian 
shiqingshang.) 
basketball n WiM lanqiu 
basketball court lanqiuchang 

basketcase n I AAfr^JisA^JA shlqu 
xingdong nengli de ren 2 
jlngshen bengkui de ren 
bass I n [WJfc+] jfte 1 [yTnyue+] dlyln 
2 ^teW nandlyln II adj [#^+1 teia 
[yTnyue+] dlyln de 
bastard n i fA^fe^P slshengzi 2 
hundan, HAW wangbadan 
bat 1 n ^415 bianfu [m. wd K zhl] 
bat 2 1 n qiubang [m. wd 41 gen] 
at bat ( ) $£3441^ (bangqiu) 
lundao jTqiu 

II v 1 yong bang JT 2 ^ ) 

dang (bangqiu) touqiushou 
batch n [—+] [yi+] pi, [—+] ffl [yi+] 

kun 

bated adj ylzhi 
with bated breath MM bingxl, 44&A 
bugan dashing chuqi 
bath n 1 ’$4# xT zao 2 xi zao shuT 

Don't throw out the baby with the 
bathwater. £2 

Bu yao ba ylng'er liantong xizao 
shui yiqi daodiao. ( -*■ 

Bu yao ba zhengui 
de dongxi gen feiwu yiqT rengdiao.) 
bathe v i tltetfe xizao 2 muyu 
bathrobe n yuyf [m. wd flr jian] 
bathroom n yushi, ?5te'$ll4J xizaojian 
bathtub n '/Ml yugang 
baton n $bWW zhihuTbang 
battalion n ^ ying 
battalion commander yingzhang 
batter I n [ill$h ^11, HWMfk^+] ffiH 
[mianfen, jldan, niunai tiao cheng de+] 
mianhu II v lianxu mengda 



battery n dianchi 
battle n, v A£4* zhandou, 4-#- douzheng 
battleground n AM zhanchang 
bawdy adj $*^6^ L+^i^J weixie de 
[+xiaohua], i+ASc^] xialiu de 

[+gushi] 

bawl v cuye de hanjiao, 

# paoxiao 
bay n 'MlM ha i wan 

bayonet n [4LM+] M71 [qiang shang 
de+] cidao 

bazaar n 4^ shichang, #§41 jishi 
B.C. (= Before Christ) abbrev 
gongyuanqian, tcbu yuan qian 
be (am, are, is; pt was, were; pp been) 
[neg is not/isn’t; are not/aren’t; was 
not/wasn’t; were not/weren’t] I v i 
(used with complement) t! shi 2 (asking 
about time/age/location) 3 (talking 
about daily occurrences) 4 (exist, hap- 
pen, etc) 5 (price, cost) II aux v 1 (used 
with continuous tenses) 2 (with to- 
infinitive verbs) 3 (with passive verbs) 

4 (with question endings) 
beach n shatan, haitan 
beach ball fushul qiqiu 

beacon n zhTlumfngdeng,'A]4*5 

dengbiao 

bead n zhuzi 

a string of beads yichuan 

zhuzi 

beak n niaozuT 

beaker n 1 shaobei 2 AMIf da 
jiubei 

beam Ini ( J% ) M (fang) liang 2 
guangxian 3 xiaorong, xTse 

with a beam of welcome 
xTxiao yankai de huanying 
II v 1 ( i&il&il ) fashe chu 

guangmang (hud reliang) 2 
xTxiao yankai 

bean n 5L dou [m. wd k ef$L li] 

coffee beans uJlB4® kafei dou 
to spill the beans 

wuyizhong xielou mimi 
bear 1 (pt bore; pp borne) v i 
renshou 



258 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



to bear with W& rongren, 
kuanrong 

2 sheng, f 11 chan, in ( ^ ) jie (guo) 
to bear out zhengming, iiEA 
zhengshf 

to bear a baby boy sheng 

yl ge nanhai 

3 MW xiedai 

bear 2 n IfH xiong [m. wd A tou/K zhl] 
bear market flUffr xiong shi 
grizzly bear icMM da huT xiong 
bearable adj key! renshou 

de 

beard n M^r huzi, MM huxu 
bearer n I MW # xiedaizhe 2 tnttA tai 
guan ren 

bearing n ^ik juzhi 
bearish adj 1 f|t$l — #G*] xiang xiong 
yfyang de, $fr#G*J culu de, 
benzhuo de 2 $HrfjG*J xiong shi de, frllt 
TSjcG^J hangqing xiadie de 
beast n 1 1f# yeshou, itr# chusheng 
2 Ai\TM*jA ( ) jiao ren taoyan 
de ren (huo wu) 

beat (pt beat; pp beaten) v 1 tT!/& dabai 
2 JT da 

BeatitliUJF! Gunkai 
beaten See beat 
beater n jiaobanqi 
egg beater fTSlifs dadanqi 
beautician n fiWft meirongshT 
beautiful adj ftMG^J meili de, HG*J mei 
de 

beauty Nit mei, Hffi meili 2 HA 
meiren 3 meili de dongxi 

beauty salon H#l^ meirongyuan 
beaver n MM haili [m. wd R zhl] 
became See become 
because conj 0>*/ ylnwei 
become (pt became; pp become) v 
chengwei, biancheng 

bed I n chuang [m. wd 3k zhang] 
to go to bed shangchuang 

shuijiao 
II v AS anzhi 

bed and board n fJclWfiTi huoshi he 
zhusu, shfsu 



beginning 

bedclothes n ^_hfflpp chuang shang 
yongpTn 

bedlam n J ) 

chaochao naonao de difang (huo 
huodong) 

bedraggled adj llESt^igG^ [+AM#A^:] 

lingluanbukan de [+ylfu he toufa] 
bedridden adj Ehi^'F 

^G^J [yin shengbing huo nianlao+] 
wochuang buqi de 

bedroom n EhlH wdshi, 0§iir shuifang 
[m. wd I’U jian] 

bedside n chuang bian 
bedside lamp AAR chuangtoudeng 
bedside table AAtE chuangtougui 
bedtime n shuijiao shijian 

bee n §l$t mifeng [m. wd R zhl] 
to have a bee in one's bonnet 

lao shi xiangzhe yf jian shi 
beef I n A$] niurou II v falaosao 

beefy adj shencai cuzhuang 

de 

beehive n fengwo 

beeline n zhfxian 

to make a beeline for 
chao...zhiben guoqu 
beep v fachu dudu sheng 

beer n pfjiu [m. wd ping/feU 
guan/lf bei] 

beer belly pijiu du, Aftti^ daduzi 

beet n tiancai [m. wd ke] 

beetle n jiaqiaochong 

before conj, prep zai...yTqian 

II adv yTqian 

beforehand adv shixian, 

yuxian 

befriend v Mt youhao duidai 
be vi vt tao, qitao 2 qlqiu, # 

#^>l< kuku aiqiu 

I beg your pardon. CD duibuqi 
(2) Duibuqi, nin shuo 

shenme? 

began See begin 

beggar n qTgai, jiaohuazi 

begin (pt began; pp begun) v Mn kaishl 
beginning n Mn kaishi, JHnGWM 
kaishi de shfhou 



259 




begrudge 

begrudge v T'l# IS buqfngyuan, T'l# IS 
tn buqfngyuan gei 
beguile v W&U qTpian, youpian 

begun See begin 

behalf n (in/on behalf of) daibiao, 
daibiao. ..de llyl 

behave v ^Jh juzhT, IfJo xfngwei 
Behave yourself! GuTju dian! 

behavior n fry*/ xfngwei, ^Jh juzhT 
to be on one's best behavior ftJoM 
xfngwei gulgul juju 
beheld See behold 
behind I prep I fr-jp® zai...hdumian 
2 luohou 3 Af# zhTchf II adv fefn 
® zaihoumian 

to leave behind JE-'-fM ba.Jiu zai, 

§jT liuxia 

III n WSPtunbu 

behold (pt & pp beheld) v EiBti mudu, 
STJ kandao 

beige n IIl mihuangse 
being n 1 cunzai 
to come into being kaishT 

cunzai, J&ffc xfngcheng 
2 shengming 
human being A ren, A^ renlei 
belated adj bei danwu de, iS5(J 

^ [+l!i!,^] chfdao de [+zhuhe] 
belch v tTS da ge 
belief n 1 xiangxin, fjiph xinxln 

2 ( ) W$ (zongjiao) xinyang 

believable adj keyi xiangxin 

de 

believe v tSfe xiangxin 
Believe it or not! ! Xin bu 

xin you ni! 

to believe in feii xinren,'ffj'ff|J xinyang 
believer n Wfe xintu 
belittle v qTngshi, P2f£ biandT 

bell n # Ifng, 1+ zhong 
belligerent adj nuqi 

chongchong zhunbei dajia de, 
hao dou de 

bellow v [£T+] ^LoM [gongniu+] houjiao 
belly n ftfcT duzi, H±J^ dupf 
belly button tfcJDifflil duqfyan 
belong v ST shuyu 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



belongings n TA^jf^ geren wujian, M 
% caiwu, dongchan 
beloved adj qTn'ai de, 
shoudao aidai de 

below I prep 1 fr-T® zai...xiamian 
2 fr-WT zai...yTxia II adv &T® zai 
xiamian 

belt n ^ dai, pfdai [m. wd ^ tiao] 
to hit below the belt 
ifryong buzhengdang shouduan gongjT 
to tighten the belt WMWffi 
leijTnkudai, jTnsuo kaizhT 

bench n chang yT, changdeng 
benchmark n jTzhun 
bend I v (pt & pp bent) wanqu 
II n wanqu xfng, [iltS&+] ft 

[daolu+] zhuanwan 
beneath I prep fr-TA zai...xiafang 
II adv &T® zaixia mian 
benediction n 1)111 zhufu, zhudao 
benefactor n tiliA juanzhu ren, ’Wj 
A zanzhuren 

beneficial adj youyi de, 

youli de 

to be beneficial to XT-Wffi dui... 
youyi, dui... youli 

beneficiary n shouyizhe 

benefit I v^f—WfJ dui. ..youli II n f'M 
liyi, haochu 
benefit of the doubt ( 

#2.~F ) fit/ETcfi (zai zhengju buzu de 
qfngkuang xia) jiading wuzui, 
zanshf xiangxin 

benevolent adj 1 rencf de, 
shanliang de 

benign adj ren'ai de 

benign tumor liangxing- 

zhongliu 
bent 1 See bend 

bent 2 1 adj i wanqu de 2 t&M 

jueyi de II n aihao, 
tiansheng de caineng 

a bent for music iaihAlfi; ylnyue 
tianfu 

bequeath v yfliu gei 

bequest n yfliu, yfchan 
a bequest of $ 750,000 



260 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



ylbT qTshiwuwan Meiyuan 

de yichan 

berate v iJlUr xunchl, tongma 
bereaved adj t£A^A$J sangshT qTnren 
de 

a bereaved mother 

shTqu haizi de muqin 
bereft adj i t£AT ^A0*J sangshT le 
qTnren de 2 quefa de 

berry n jiangguo 
berserk adj kuangnu de 

to go berserk bian de 

kuangnu, [^#+] [qi de+] fafeng 
berth n i tingbo wei, faitil maodi 

2 6M?§ wopu 

beset (pt & pp beset) v buduan 

kunrao 

to be beset with difficulties BAtAA 

kunnan chongchong 
beside prep zai...pangbian 

besides I prep WT chule II adv iMil erqie 
besiege v Hlffl weikun 
best I adj zuihao de 
best man nanbTnxiang 

II adv tk zuihao de 

as best as one can jinkeneng 

III n IW&^A ( ) zuihao de ren 
(hud shi) 

All the best! Zhu nT wan- 

shi ruyi! 

bestial adj xiang qinshou 

yiyang de, jiqi canren de 

bestow v A jlyu, 
shouyu [+mingyu xuewei] 
bestseller n ‘HifiiA changxiaoshu, 
ja changxiaohuo 

bet (pt & pp bet) v ( IT ) (da) du 
betray v IhW. [+ID3A] beipan [+pengyou] 
better I adj bljiao hao, M$f 

genghao 

one's better half HA ( A ) qTzi 
(hud zhangfu) 

Better late than never. bAfifc 

o Wan zuo bi bu zuo hao. 

II n tb$£$?0*jA ( TiW ) bljiao haode 
(ren huo shi) 

a change for the better Wft haozhuan 

261 



bighead 

between I prep zai...zhTjian 

II adv tEAlM zai zhongjian 
beverage n [+s§^ Ml#] yinliao 

[+cha, kafei deng] [m. wd IP bei] 
beware v iMKf HUA] jinfang [+pianzi] 
Beware of pickpockets. iSEfrJAAo 
Jinfang pashou. 

bewilder v shi mihuo, fs£$S3^ 
shi hutu 

bewitch adj MMtJ shT moli, 
shlzhao mf 

beyond I prep [+A±itt^M zai [+da 
qiang ylwai] II adv MM geng yuan, Mfi 
BU zai wangqian 

biased adj piantan de, IffliJALfKj 

youpian jian de 
bib n wei zul 

Bible n Jkla* ShengjTng [m. wd A ben] 
bibliography n AS shumu,##AS 
cankao shumu [m. wd fen] 
bicker v chaozul, □ M koujue 
bicycle I n zixingche [m. wd 

liang] II v^ptlllT^ qi zixingche 
bid I n 1 ftift chujia 
a bid of $200 for the antique chair ft 
A chujia liangbai 
yuan mai yi ba gudong ylzi 
2 18#^ toubiao II v (pt & pp bid) 1 ft (ft 
chujia 

to bid $200 for the antique chair ft 
chujia liangbai 
yuan mai yi ba gudong ylzi 
2 OHW jiaopai 
bide v #1# dengdai 
to bide one's time dengdai 

jThui 

biennial adj liang nian yici de 

bifocals n shuangguang 

yanjing [m. wd §'J fu] 
big adj A da 

big mouth ^iif^jA duo zui duo 
she de ren 

big name A^^f^A darning 
dlngdlng de ren 

bigamy n ( It ) chonghun (zui) 
bighead n $S^A0^A wang zi zun da 
de ren 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



bigot 

bigot n WisAj^jA mangcong de ren, 

GtlA pianzhf de ren 
bike I n llfr^ qf zixfngche [m. wd 
H ang], qf motuoche [m. wd 

liang] II v qf zixfngche, 

4 qf motuoche 

bikini n BijTnf youyong fu 

[m. wd # jian], sandianshi 

yongzhuang [m. wd # jian] 
bilateral adj shuangbian de 

bile n 1 1Mt+ danzhT 2 huai pfqi 

bilingual adj 1 3(Xin^ [+JLlir] shuangyu 
de [+ertong] 2 hui liang 

zhong yuyan de 
a bilingual dictionary l&iaMJI 
shuangyu cfdian 

bi Ini life#- zhangdan [m. wd zhang] 

to foot the bill j^tillt#} fudan feiyong, 
fukuan 

2 chaopiao [m. wd zhang] 3 lit 
^ fa'an, yi'an [m. wd it jian] 

II v £ r--- | I , £# ! - gei.. .zhangdan 
billboard n 4#f W guanggaopai 
billfold n 4A4 pfjiazi [m. wd M zhl ], $s 
tl qianbao [m. wd K zhl] 
billiards n zhuoqiu, taiqiu 

billion n shfyi 
billow v &/H julang 
bimonthly I adj M4,4J — liang ge 
yue yfci de, shuangyue de 

II n XX^JT*] shuangyuekan 
bin n AH4 da xiangzi 
binary adj you liang bu 

fenzu cheng de, shuangchong 

de 

bir I v (pt & pp bound) 1 MM f+^SA] 
kunbang [+shouhairen] 2 [s^J+] ttW. 
[tiaoyue+] yueshu II n ®fJi kunjing 
in a bind chuyu kunjing 

binder n 1 zhuangdingjT 2 ^iTX 

zhuangding gong 3 huoyejia 

four-ring binder si yan 

huoyejia 

bindin I adj 1 zhanhe de 2 

4A&5 [+^|WJ] you yueshuli de [+he- 
tong] II n 1 [464] #fffi [shu de+] 
fengmian 2 fHii xiangbian 



binge n i fflik kuangyin 2 <£E$^Tv# 
kuangre xfngwei 

shopping binge fengkuang 

da caigou 

bingo n ) binge (youxi) 

Bingo! 4Mi! NT qiao! P M! Hei! 
binoculars n wangyuanjing [m. 

wd I‘J fu] 

biochemis: n 4 ! $/4t# : shengwu 

huaxue, 4.4b shenghua 
biodegradable adj hui 

ziran fenjie de, hui fulan de 

biography n ffid zhuanji [m. wd 4 ben] 
biological adj 4^^ shengwu de 
biological warfare 4^Sc 
shengwuzhan 

biology n 4$?^ shengwuxue 
beopic n 4#id#li£ zhuanji dianyfng, 

4 zhuanjipian [m. wd hP bu] 
biopsy n 1: huotT zuzhT 

jiancha 

biotechnology n 4^XfM shengwu 
gongcheng 

bioterrorism n 4^®W±A ( 'ulh ) 
shengwu kongbuzhuyi (xfngwei) 
bird n ^ niao [m. wd K zhl], qfnlei 
bird flu ^1t]Sqfnliugan 
bird's eye view niaokan 
to kill two birds with one stone 
Ml# yiju liangde 
birth n 44 chusheng 
birth certificate 44iIE chusheng 
zheng 

birth control i+#J4W jihua shengyu 
date of birth 440$} chusheng riqT 
birthday n 40 shengri 
birthmark n ^pid taiji 
biscuit n 1 kaobing [m. wd ^ kuai] 

2 ^44 bTnggan [m. wd ^ kuai/# he] 
bisect v pfngfen wei er 

bisexual adj [+4^] 

juyou liangxing tezheng de [+sheng- 
wu], dui nannu 

liangxing dou gan xingqu de 
bishop n 4 Wi zhujiao [m. wd 45 wei] 
bit 1 n — \£UL yidianr 
bit 2 See bite 



262 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



bitch I n mugou [m. wd K zhi] 2 
icA huai nuren 

son of a bitch gouyangde 

II v ^^§1 falaosao 

bite I v (pt bit; pp bitten) [A T'+] Hjc 
[chongzi+] yao, [wenzi+] 

dTng II n R5C yao, PT ding 
bitten See bite 
bitter adj i ^ ku 

Good medicine tastes bitter. IflSrSr 
□ o Liang yao ku kou 
2 [+££Kj] tongku de [+jlngli] 

to the bitter end jianchi 

dao zuihou 

bittersweet adj I tian suan de 

2 [+S‘IW] tianmi er you 

xTnsuan de [+aiqing], 

67 you kuaile ye you tongku de 
biweekly adj 3XMG7 shuang zhou de 
bizarre adj [+M%t] qiguai de 
[+xianxiang], xTqi guguai de 

blab v xielou mimi 

black I adj 1 heise de II n 

heise 

black and white HS67 heibai de 

III v (to black out) Iff*'] hundao, AAftl 
DL shTqu zhTjue 

blackboard n IMS heiban 
blacken v i bian hei 2 l+^lf] 

pohuai [+mingyu] 
blackhead n heitou fend 

blackjack n ) ershi 

yi dian (zhipai youxi) 
blacklist I n heimingdan II v _LH 

45#- shang heimingdan 
blackmai n, v iftfT ezha, lesuo 
blackout n 1 'JTAITrji'J denghuoguanzhi 
2 ip:#J yundao 
blacksmith n f£E tiejiang 
bladder n pangguang 

blade n 77 77 daoren, 77P daokou 
blame I v zeguai, 1*t!r zebei 
A bad workman blames his tools. H 
PPXE, ft&XMo Biejiao gongjiang, 
zeguai gongju. 

II n j^ffi zeren 

blanch v i bianbai 2 Al£ qupf 



blessing 

bland adj l+Ht^] qTngdan de 

[+shiwu], 7 g*A 67 wuwei de 
[+tang] 

blank I adj [+XH] kongbai de 
[+zhTpiao] 

blank verse wuyunshT 
II n kongbai chu, kongge 

blanket I n maotan [m. wd tiao], 
fli 1 tanzi [m. wd ^ tiao] II adj 
■# 767 bao kuo yiqie de 
bias adj ( ) ]®JiXf]|&7 [+ 

(xiangshou guodu er) gandao 
yanjuan de [+fujiazT] 
blasphemy n xie du shenming 

blast I n 1 SHfc baozha 2 7£3767J*l 
qiangjin de feng 
blast furnace i£J>W gufenglu 
II v baopo 
blast-off n qifei 
blatant adj A$&67 gongran de 
blaze I n AA dahuo, MMAA xiong- 
xiong dahuo II v xiongxiong 

ranshao 

bleach I v tMS piaobai, bianbai 

II n piaobaiji 

bleak adj i [+AA] yTnleng de 

[+tianqi] 2 [+BUi^] andan de 

[+qiantu] 

bleary adj ( BUBi ) (yanjing) 

hongzhong de,MA^^67 shill mohu 
de 

bleat v ( (yang hud 
xiaoniu) jiao 
bled See bleed 

bleed (pt & pp bled) v frllifiL liuxue 
bleep I n ( (jTqi de) 
dudu sheng II v fachu dudG 

sheng 

blemish I n [^#+] [shengyu+] 
wudian, xiacl II v [+'lif&] 

H sunhai [+xingge] de wanmei 
blend I v i Itln* hunhe, % o' chanhe 2 iJI 
TD tiaohe II n Jii'o ^5 hunhewu 
blender n jiaobanjT [m. wd a tai] 
bless v zhufu, f&ffr baoyou 
blessing n 1 zhufu 2 pTzhun, 
ATT yunxu 



263 




blew 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



blew See blow 

blight I n 1 huihuai 2 ( +!# J ) 'teHr 
•IH (zhfwu) kuwei bing II v huihuai, 

IffJlf zhemo 

blind 1 adj Btrfi^J xia de, kan- 

bujian de, mang de 
No one is more blind than those 
who refuse to see. 

AlLBilo Meiyou shei bT jujue kan de 
ren gengxia. 

blind date yu 

congwei jian guo miandT ren yuehui, |JJ 
&&J& chuci yuehui 
blind 2 n Itfrii chuanglian, lianzi 
blinders n ( ) BHj|£ (ma de) yanzhao 

blindfold I n BUjII yanzhao, WMM meng 
yan bu II v UMiBRB# mengzhuyanjing 
blindspot n mangdian 

blink v B£BHB# zhayan jTng 
blinkers n [Ar#J+] BHj|£ [ma de+] yanzhao 
blip I n l#Lti+] [jTqi+] bibi sheng 

II v fachu bibi sheng 

bliss n jf le, zhishang 

de xingfu 

blissful adj kuaile jile, 

wuyou wulu de 

blister I n shuipao II v qishui 

pao 

blithe adj huanle de 

blitz n 1 I'aJ^iSc shandianzhan 2 
turan de daguTmo xfjT 
blizzard n HJxllt baofengxue [m. wd 
chang] 

bloated] adj zhongzhang de, 0S& 

pengzhang de 
blob n “AH yidT 
bloc n jituan 
block I n 1 da kuai 
a block of wood —AJAAA y\ da kuai 
mutou 

2 jiequ II v Pilli zuse, duzhu 
blockade I n fengsuo II v 
fengsuo 

blockage n duse wu 

blockbuster n i AJt dapian [m. wd 
pR bu] 2 chenggong de 

changxiaoshu 



blockhead n shagua, bendan 
blog I n hulianwang 

wangye II v zai 

hulianwang wangye fabiao wenzhang 
blogger n 1# § boke, 

3CMt & JA zai hulianwang wangye fabiao 
wenzhang de ren 

blond, blonde n you 

jlnhuang toufa de ren, jTnfa 

nulang 

blood n JBi xue [m. wd '/H di] 
blood pressure ifiLffi xueya 
blood type iftLffl xuexfng 
bloodshed n tfrLlflL liuxue 
bloodshot adj chongxue de, ^ifll 

dai xuesT de 

bloody adj 1 daixue de 2 $s0qfi*J 

canku de 

bloom I n huaduo, ?£ hua [m. wd ?k 
duo] II v ^FTt: kaihua 
blossom I n *£ hua, 4£J L huar [m. wd ?k 
duo] II v JF$i kaihua 
blot I n 'MM wuji, MM wudian II v MT 
MM liuxia wuji 

blotch n 1 AJtTJjIE dapian wuji 2 ( 

)]£ ) (pifu) hongban 
blotter n 1 xlmozhT [m. wd 

zhang] 2 jilubu [m. wd ^ ben] 

blouse n nushi chenshan [m. 

wd jian] 

blow I v (pt blew; pp blown) chuT, 

M gua 

to blow one's own horn 
zichuT zilei 

to blow sb a kiss in ‘'KW gei...yf 

ge feiwen 

to blow the whistle on jiefa 
II n 1 BA chuT, chuldong 2 
zhongjT 

to come to blows daqilai 

3 ( 'frSLhUKl ) (xlnlT shang de) dajT 
to deal sb a heavy blow ^o^AJJifr 
gei mouren dajT 

blown See blow 

blowout n 1 qTng er yiju 

de shengli 2 ^A®^ shengda yanhui 
3 [$fejjp+] MM [luntai+] baolie 



264 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



boil 



blowtorch n RjW pending 
blow-up n 1 Z&AfiiMJt fangda de zhao- 
pian 2 turan fasheng 

de chaojia 

blubber 1 n [<i«iL / Afii+] JIhJKj [jTngyu/ 
ren de+] zhTfang 

blubber 2 v ( itAitKitil ) ttfeA^ (rang 
ren taoyan de) wawa daku 
blue I adj 1 [+AS] lanse de 

[+tiankong] 

blue chip lanchougu de, filft 

fifl wen zhuan de 

2 fe'IWfFj seqfng de 3 beiguan de 

II n i iSS'liL lanse 2 X:£ tiankong, $1# 
haiyang 

out of the blue turan de, ttSA 

churen yiliao de 

blue-blood adj [+%Wi] 

xuetong gaogui de [+jiazu], 

chusheng mfngmen haozu de 
blue-collar adj [+XA] 

lanITng jieceng de [+gongren] 
bluejeans n XftP niuzaiku [m. wd ^ 
tiao] 

blueprint n isSUl lantu [m. wd IS fu/!r& 
zhang] 

blues n 1 ^ bulusT yTnyue 2 (the 

blues) fittP youyu 

bluff n, v xuzhang shengshi, R~F 

Rjt xiahu 

blunder I n MllGfjfiriJc yuchun de 
cuowu, !tAltJ$iL'& zhongda de shuhu 
II v 1 fan yuchun de 

cuowu 2 iMA wuru 
blunt adj 1 [+ 71 ] dun de [+dao], 

bu fengli de 2 lit 
[+iS] zhfyan buhui de [+hua], 

[+tlti¥] haobu keqi de [+pTping] 
blur I n -it m ^ yipian mohu II v fi [+;!c 
%] shi [+jTngxiang] mohu 
blurb n [t$£ft+] [shu de+] 

neirongtfyao 

blurt v bu jia slsuo de 

shuochulai 

blush I v [)&+] [lian+] hong II n 
lianhong 

bluster I v [A+] [ren 



+] shenqi huoxian de jiaorang, RfP# 
paoxiao II n kuakua qf tan, n A 

t 1 chuTniu 

BO, B.,0. (= body odor) abbrev ft H: tT 
chou 

boar n Xtti gongzhu, SH# yezhu 
board I n AfS muban [m. wd ^ kuai] 
bulletin board fpllf bugaopai 

2 li^ic dongshihul, ITshihui 

chairman of the board ( 

(gongs!) dongshizhang 

3 {Ait huoshi, fA'itlt huoshifei II v ^ 

X [+X#l / / AX] dengshang 

[+feijT/g6nggong qiche/huoche] 

boarder n X jisusheng, ^fl§iir3§: ji 
shan fangke 

boarding schoo n jisuxuexiao 

boast I v nA p il [+S B] chuTxu [+zijT], RAX 
chuTniu II n n ARiS chuTxu, S D A zichuT 
boastful adj li RA il iff 6*1 zichuT zilei de 
boat n IS chuan [m. wd ^ tiao/H sou], 
XIp xiaochuan [m. wd ^ tiao/H sou] 
in the same boat gong huan- 

nan, tongzhou gongji 

to rock the boat chang 

fandiao daoluan 

bob v shangxia yaodong 

bode v yushi 

bodice n jinshen xiongyl 

bodily I adj JHWj shentT de, l^ft^ 
routT de II adv Xft 1 quantT, zhengge 
body n 1 shentT, #IE shenqu 
body language f^^iu W tTtai yuyan 

2 (dead body) FVf shlti [m. wd ju] 

3 I3IA tuantT 4 wuti [m. wd ft jian] 

bodyguard n baobiao, jTngwei 

body odor See BO 

bog n zhaoze [m. wd it pian] 

bogeyman n ^A'l^ yaoguai 
boggle v 'Im® jTngkong, AAiStft dawei 
kongju 

bogus adj fPi$J jia de, weizhuang 
de 

boil v 1 [tK+J Mi [shuT+] feiteng 2 
[+A] shaokai [+shuT] 3 M. [+XMJ zhu 
[+tudou] 

boiled water JFX kaishui 



265 




boiler 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



boiler n guolu 
boiling point n feidian 
boisterous adj chaochao 

naonao de 

bold adj yonggan de, AIMfiiJ 

dadan de 

bolster I v zengqiang, zhichi 
II n 1 dian zhen 2 dianmu 
bolt I n 1 luoshuan, luosldlng 

2 tM menshuan, ItfIM chuang shuan 
II v 1 ba... shuan zai ylqT 

2 [H+] [ma+] taopao 3 ^J^J#T 

congcong tunxia III adv ^IIl bizhf 
bomb I n ft# zhadan [m. wd mei] 

II v 1 Wfe hongzha, [ffl'J$#+] 

[yong zhadan+] baozha 2 AD& shlbai 
bombard v i M [+3ScAftP$Jt!i] XEMlia 
'J$ dul [+dfren de zhendi] kuanghong 
lanzha 2 M [+7fH£] f«]J® dui 

[+shizhang] tichu yilianchuan wentf 
bombed adj ( M ) hezuile (jiu) 

bomber n i i£^'J$#^A toufang 
zhadan de ren 2 hdngzhaJT 

bombshell 1 n fsCA^# Jfngren shijian 
2 'J$# zhadan [m. wd mei] 
bona fide adj J£IE#J zhenzheng de, M 
MftfJ zhencheng de 
bonanza n i MM caiyuan 2 
fanrong xTngwang 3 IsiT fukuang 
bond I n 1 if!# zhaiquan 
U.S. savings bond fiSiiilf fit# 
Meiguo chuxu zhaiquan 
2 baoshijTn 3 niudai, 

lianxi II v peiyang qTnmi 

guanxi 

bondage n 1 ISLTx nuyi 2 shufu 
bone I n gutou [m. wd fH gen] 
to make no bones about 
& dui...hao wu guji 
to have a bone to pick with 
JaL dul... you yijian 

to feel sth in one's bones quexin 
II v [+$j] qudiao [+j T] de 

gutou 

bonus n jiangJTn, £tf!j hongli 
bony adj [+t)l&] pibao gutou 

de [+jTmin] 



boo v fachu xu sheng, ft [+M 

M] ^i* 1 xiang [+yanyuan] hedaocai 
boob n #Ulr rufang, fflSk naitou 
boo-boo n 2Ef§: fansha 
booby prize n daoshu 

diyfmmg jiang 

booby trap n 1 weizhuang dilei 

[m. wd mei] 2 ezuoju 

bool I n 1 A shu, ISA tushu 2 
benzi, fUA buzi [m. wd ^ ben] 
address book ffebtf# dizhibu 
notebook bijiben 
3 MfcA zhangben, zhangmu [m. wd 

^ ben] 

by the book yange 

zhaozhangbanshi 

II v M/E [+Sttt^-l'0]] yuding [+luguan 
fangjian] 

bookcase n A® shuchu 
bookmark n A^ shuqian 
bookshelf n A^ shujia 
bookstore n A0 shudian [m. wd % jia] 
boom I n 1 [4i+] APM [shengyi+] 
xTnglong 

boom town xTngwang 

fada de chengshi 

2 longlong sheng II v 1 [XI+] vk 

PM [shengyi+] xTnglong, AHX xTngwang 

2 ^ftlPMPM^ fachu longlong sheng 
boomerang I n HJXS^ huf feibiao II v i 

zizuo zishou 

boon n dailai jida 

haochu de shiwu, enwu 
boor n culu de nanzT 

boost I n iiStMj Jill, a&Bl guli II v ilM [+± 
H.] Jili [+shiqi], t&Bl gull 
booster n i zeng xiao yaoji 2 

ql guli zuoyong de shiwu 
moral booster guli shiqi 

de shi 

3 BjjtMs zhutuTqi 
boot I n KfcA xuezi 

boot camp ilf^iJll^# xTnbTng xunlian 
yfng 

II v 1 ^ [+AK] shi [+diannao] 
qTdong 2 [+JiSlftA] ganzou 

[+daoluan de ren] 



266 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



booth n 1 xiao ting 
ticket booth H®#- shoupiao ting 

2 ( ) AAJ* (canguan) huochezuo 

3 shouhuo tanwei 
bootleg I adj InErl® dao zhi de, 

zousT de II n dao zhi 

[+diannao ruanjian deng] 
bootstraps n ba xue dai 

to pull oneself up by one's boot- 
straps § ziqiang buxT 

gaishan chujing 

booty n ^f'Jop zhanlipTn [m. wd # jian] 
booze I n M jiu II v MM haoyin, MM 
xujiu 

border I n 1 iiJL bianr 2 Hl^ guojie, HI 
guojingxian II v yu... 

jierang 

borderline I n fenjiexian [m. wd 
31 dao/^ tiao] II adj JLA- jihu 

bore 1 See bear 1 

bore 2 1 v 1 shT... yanfan, 

f# shT...yanjuan 

to bore sb to death E 

shT... yanfan deyaosT 
2 zuankong II n i 4AiA)$l^jA 
[+w£^] lingren yanfan de ren [+huo 
shi] 2P® koujing 

bored adj Bi‘M yanfan, Kf# yanjuan 
boring adj ikAiA$J rang ren yanfan, 

M kuzao 

born adj chusheng 
be born with a silver spoon in one's 
mouth sheng zai fugui 

renjia 

born-again adj fjriZrJWnfft xTnjin kaishi 
de 

a born-again Christian 
JTdOjiao zaisheng jiaotu 

borne See bear 1 

borough n ( MrfrJiG*J ) E (chengshi IT 
de) qG 

borrow v jie, fsffl jieyong 
borrowing n i \ntX jiekuan, 
daikuan 2 #hAin wailaiyu 

borrowing powers jiekuan 

xian'e 

bosom n xiongbu 



bouncy 

a bosom friend xTnfu zhT jiao, 

ftlBUUA zhTjT pengyou 
boss I n 1 laoban 2 ITngxiu [m. 
wd fi wei] , Sk @ toumu 
party boss zhengdang ITngxiu 

crime boss fanzui fenzT 

toumu 

II v (to boss sb around) 
dui...fahao shTling 

botany n zhiwu xue 
botch ba...gaozao 

both I adj M liang II pron liang 

ge...dou 

both ... and ... ifr-X-- ji...ydu... 
bother I v 1 HM dajiao 2 fannao, 

^ fachou 3 mafan II n mafan 
no bother mei guanxi,^!?!? 
bu feishi 

bottle I n 3M ping [m. wd K zhi], MT 
pingzi II v '^M zhuang ping 
bottlefed See bottlefeed 
bottlefeed (pt & pp bottlefed) v Al n il 
# rengong weiyang 
bottleneck n 1 MM. pingjTng, MMM&k 
pingjTng luduan 2 zhang'ai 
bottom I n lE& dT, ifeoP dTbu 2 
zuihdu de weizhi, AM mowei II adj j§c 
zui dTxia de, iftJtsMffa zui dTceng 
de 

bottom line (D zui JTben 

de shishi (1) dTxian 

III v (to bottom out) jiang 

dao zui dldian 

bough n AllfftWX zhuyao de shucha 
bought See buy 

boulder n ju shi [m. wd kuai] 
boulevard n WHA 31 lin yin dadao [m. 

wd ^ tiao], Ail dadao [m. wd ^ tiao] 
bounce I v 1 tiao, tantiao 2 31 
0 tuihui 

to bounce back hulfu yuanqi 

II n 1 tiao, tantiao 2 fiSA huoli 
bouncer n HU menwei 
bouncy adj i l+1f A] tanxing 

hen zu de [+yTzi] 2 L+ h 1 A] 

jTngshen baoman de [+yTnyue],'l&A^ 
[+ A] kuaile de [+ren] 



267 




bound 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



bound I adj 1 #/E kending 
be bound to kending hui, ’/£aE 

z? zhuding hui 
2 J you yiwu de 3 

zhuangding haode II v lA-AI?- yL.wei 
jie III n ^11 jiexian 
bound See bind 
boundary n fenjiexian 

to push the boundary kaituo 

sTlu 

bountifu adj chongyu de 

bounty n jiangjTn [m. wd ^ bT], M.H& 
xuanshang jin [m. wd ^1 bT] 
bouquet n i huashu 

a bouquet of roses yishu 

meigulhua 

2 ( 'ft ) # (jiu) xiang 
bout n [^#i+] [jfbing+] fazuo 

boutique n d N l#PB0 xiao jlngpTndian 
bow I v 1 HIB jugong [+xiemu] 

2 fl&A [+$Ta] ditou [+daogao] II n 1 Hi 
IB jugong 2 ^ gong, qin gong 3 4$ 

hudiejie 

bowel n Mj chang 

to move bowels All! jie paidabian, 
Aff! dabian 

bowl I n ~$i wan [m. wd M zhf] 
fish bowl iMl yugang [m. wd K zhl] 

II v da baolingqiu 

bow-legged adj luoquantuT de 

bowling n ) baolingqiu 

(yundong) 

bowling alley baolingqiu guan 

box I n Ik he, H xiang [m. wd K zhl] 2 7j 
fM fangkuang, xuan xiang kuang 

to check the box zai 

xuan xiang kuang nei da gou 
to think outside the box 
xiangchu xln huazhao 

3 'S.ifl baoxiang 4 dianshijT 

box office piaofang 

II v 1 JG"-^Af||^J ba...zhuangru xiang 
nei 2 yu...bTsai quanjT 

3 da...erguang 

boxer n quanjlshou 

boxer shorts ( (nan 

yong) ping jiao duanku 



boxing n isffr quanjT, quanjT 

yundong 

boy I n 1 nanhai 
Boy Scouts llti^ tongzTjGn 
2 JL^P erzi 3 ^$£A nianqTngren 
II interj 

Oh boy! Aya! 
boycott I v IftrfrJ dTzhi II n fRTfrJ dTzhi 
bozo n shagua 
bra n JMt xiongzhao 
brace I v 1 zuo hao 
zhunbei duifu kunnan 2 #n© jiagu, A# 
zhT cheng II n zhTchengwu 

braces $fTE5FI® jiaozheng ya gu 
neck brace jTng tuo 
bracelet n shouzhuo 

bracket I n i kuohao 2 
dengjiduan, tS. zu 
income bracket shouru 

dengji 

II v 1 ba...fangru 

kuohao nei 2 fE- • -^EScA|ff| — ba... 
fangru tongyT dengji duan 
brag n IftPi chuT xu 

braid I n 1 "MM fabian, bianzi [m. wd 
& tiao] 2 sui dai [m. wd M tiao] 

II v 1 biancheng bianzi 2 

IStIj biancheng sui dai 
brain ni® nao, naozi 

brain damage nao sunshang 

2 Mkfc naoli, f nengli 

brain drain ATh^h'^ rencai wailiu 
brainstorming n [^#A+] 

[yiqun ren+] gongtong chu zhuyi,^¥^ 
qun ce qun li 
brainwash v 'MS xinao 
braise v yong wenhuo man 

zhu, 'M dun 

brake I n shache, zhidongqi 

II v cai shache 

bran n maifu, li kang 

branch I n i shuzhT 2 5 }*b| 5 fenbu 

3 zhTliu II v fenzhT, fendao 
to branch out jT kuoda ITngyu 

brand I n paizi, shangbiao 
brand name shangbiao 

mingcheng, mingpai 



268 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



breezy 



II v 1 ia'-'t! gei...dashanglaoyin 
gei...huai mfngsheng 
brand-new adj zhanxTn de 
brandy n [+'M] bailandi [+jiu] 

brash II adj 1 iJ ziyTweishi de, 

aoman culu de 2 
ci'er de, ciyan de 

brass ini j£ff|n| huangtong 2 
tongguanyueqi 

brass band HsjU^IA tongguan yuedui 
3 SHA^ zhongyao renwu 
brasserie n ( (Fashi) xiao 
canguan [m. wd % jia] 
brassy adj 1 huangtong de 2 fT 

[+icA] da ban yanli 
juzhY cusu de [+nuren] 
brat n meiyou jiaoyang 

de xiaohai, d''£fH xiao huaidan 
bravado n xuzhang shengshi, 

chengqiang de zltai 

brave I adj 1 [+±£d yonggan de 

[+shiblng] 2 meihao 

de [+xTn shijie] II v j§IM# yonggan 
miandui 

bravo interj hao, miao, fti gao 

brawl n, v da qunjia 
bray v [l/'+l ^/dhJDM^ [lu+] fachu 
jiaosheng, [3P+] DL I [lu+] jiao 
brazen adj houyan wuchi de 

brazier n A$L huopen [m. wd K zhl] 
breach n i iilx. weifan 
breach of security 
weifan anquan guiding 
2 polie 

bread n HTfsl mianbao [m. wd $k kuai] 
breadth n jalJI: kuandu, rH; guangdu 
breadwinner n W^^W-^A zhengqian 
yangjia de ren 

break I v (pt broke; pp broken) 1 tT 5 j£ 
dapo, posun 

to break a record hlifikl'd:^ dapo jilu 

2 shuai huai, Wifi shuai shang 

3 h^Itr shuaiduan 

to break in/into fAijPUA slzi chuangru 
to break a promise weibei 

chengnuo, # 0 " shfyan 
to break a rule <JE M fanguT 



to break up duanjue laiwang, 

I$t 3£ duanjiao 

II n 1 [+i&iS] I f , 0 T [+tanhua] zhongduan 
2 ffci> [+wucan] xiuxi 3 #Ur 

guzhe 4 l+%i^] (SJSfc [+dianyfng] jianxie 
breakable adj yi posui de 

breakage n WM. posun 
breakdown n Aik shlbai, WM polie 
break-even adj shouzhT 

pfngheng de 

breakfast n -¥-££ zaofan, zaocan 
breakneck adj chaogaosu de 

breakthrough n tupo 

breast 1 n ffe- rufang 2 xiong, I&JbP 
xiongbu 

breastfed See breastfeed 
breastfeed (pt & pp breastfed) v fflWL 
yong muru weiyang 

breaststroke n wash! youyong, 

wayong 

breath n n f 1 Wl huxT 
out of breath chuanbfgud qi 

to take a deep breath 
shen xT yi kou qi 

breathalyze v zuo jiujTng jiance 

breathe v huxT 
not to breathe a word — yi 
ju hua ye bu shuo, zhlzi bulu 

breathe in xlqi 
breathe out HfA huqi 
breathless adj d T^I qichuan 
xuxu de 

breathtaking adj ^At^XG^ lingren 
jTngtan de 
bred See breed 

breed I n dp# [dongwu de+] 

pTnzhong II v (pt & pp bred) 1 
[+^#^] fanzhf [+mfng zhong gou], 

W peiyu 2 [zh ! $]+\ [dongwu +] 

jiaopei 3 [+ 3 QH] zlsheng [+fanzui], 

^l^fiyTnqT 

breeding n fanzhf, J# W peiyu 

breeding ground f-HM fanzhf chang, 
iSAIti! zlsheng di 
breeze I n weifeng II v 

piaoran erlai 

breezy adj 1 [+AA] you 




brethren 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



weifeng de [+tianqi] 2 filial [+# 
#] qTngsong zixin de [+qTngnian], 

(ft kuaihuo de 
brethren n i&A jiaoyou 
brevity n faffo jianjie 
brew I v i [+'M] niangzao [+jiu] 

2 [+m&] chongpao [+hongcha] 

ii n i mm pfjiu 2 ( ) m 

(niangzao huo chongpao de) yinliao 
home brew |C|iM'/jOj jianiang pfjiu 
brewery n pljiuchang 

bribe I n huilu 

to take bribes jieshou huilu, 

shouhui 

II v Kf!i!& huilu, frit xinghui 

bribery n huilu de xingwei, 

fr5!f xinghui, shouhui 

brick I n fit zhuan, zhuantou [m. wd 
^ kuai] II v yong zhuan qi 

brickyard! n fOirtF zhi zhuanchang 
bridal adj hunli de, §T#ll#J 

xlnniang de 

bridal gown hunsha 

bride n xlnniang 

bridegroom n xTnlang 

bridesmaid n idS&jffl nublnxiang 
bridge I n 1 #F qiao [m. wd zuo] 2 
m qiaopai II v [+H#] suoxiao 

[+chayi], [+#i&] xiaochu [+fenql] 
bridle n malongtou 

brief I adj i MUf^J duanzan de 2 laPofft 

jianjie de, jianmlng de II n i ihJ 

^ jianbao, zhaiyao 2 an- 

qlng zhaiyao, susong yaodian 

to file a brief [+|d]&I^] ll3ciiri£ 
[+xiang fayuan] tljiao susong 

III v xiang... jieshao qlng- 

kuang 

briefcase n gongshibao 

briefing n i iWlclit#! jianyao qlngkuang 
2 jianbaohui 

briefs n sanjiaoku [m. wd & tiao] 

brigade n i ( ) W. (jundui de) lu 
2 yldui, — '#? yibang, yiqun 

bright adj 1 0£l35l^J mlngliang de 2 

congming de 3 huankuai de, 

gaoxing de 



brighten v i fj£ [+£F*i] JiliBH shT 
[+huanjing] geng meili 2 {£ 
mm shT [+xlngshi] bian de mlngliang 
brilliance n i [yishujia 

de+] caihua 2 guangliang 

brilliant adj i [+£TA] mlngliang 

de [+dengguang], guanghuT de 

2 caihua yangyi 

de [+yishujia] 3 [+±#] juemiao 

de [+zhuyi] 

brim I n ii bian, ii'?& bianyan, ii^ bian- 
yuan II v chong man, yangyi 

to brim over CD [zKytb+J 
[shuTchl] man dao yichu lai d) [+fg 
>6] chongman [+xinx7n] 
brine n nong yanshui 

bring (pt & pp brought) v 1 dailai, 
nalai 2 ia^c zaocheng 
to bring about ia^c zaocheng 
to bring ... to an end fi£- • -%nM shT. . . 
jieshu, jieshu 

to bring up it# l+JM^F] fuyang [+haizi] 
brink n ii^ bianyuan 
brisk adj 1 qTngkuai de 

[+buzi] 2 [+^^] xTnglong 

de [+shengyi], fanmang 

huoyue de 

bristle v 1 bei jinu, 

nuqi chongchdng 2 [$!$}+] 

[dongwu+] maofa shuli 
British I adj YTngguo de II n 
A YTngguoren 

brittle adj cui de, yi suide 

broach v Mttl tlchu, 1150 tldao 
broad adj i [+fijil] kuankuo de 

[+jiedao], kuan de 2 

jianyao de [+shuomlng] 
in broad daylight AS A dabaitian, it 
AftB-^lT guangtianhuari zhlxia 
broadband n tl"\i kuandai 
broadcast I v (pt & pp broadcast) 
i^lfl guangbo, ffl# zhuanbo II n r^lfl 
guangbo 

live broadcast xianchang 

zhlbo 

broadly adv Af^± datfshang, 
zongtT shang 



270 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



broadly speaking A#_Li& datishang 
shuo 

broadminded adj 
xTnxiongkaikuo de 
Broadway n ( US ) 

(Meiguo) Bailaohui Dajie 
brocade n zhTjTn, jTnduan 
broccoli n huayecai [m. wd #1 
ke], huajTng ganlan [m. wd 

U ke] 

brochure n /MtffA xiaocezi 
brogue n I houdi kaohua 

pixie [m. wd K zhl /M shuang] 2 
JtilAnia nongzhong de difang kouyln 
broil v kao, shaokao 

broke 1 adj meiyou qian de, # 

shen wu fenwen de 
to go broke pochan 

broke 2 See break 

broken I See break II adj i L+?£$tJ 
pode [+huaping], posui de 2 if 

[+'£>£] huaile de [+shafa] 3 WM 
6^ [+]®l*l] polie de [+hunyin] 
broker I n £5£dA jlngjiren, qianke, 
ftilA dailiren II v {JM cucheng 
to broker a deal cucheng jiaoyi 

bronchitis n AAlfA zhTqiguanyan 
bronze n qTngtong, 7*f4P! gutong 
bronze medal tongpai 

brooch n I&Jft xiongzhen [m. wd mei] 
brood I v 1 iJEJS chensT, tSLl* shensT 
2 MW fuluan II n [+/JnJ^] yiwo 
[+xiaoniao] 

broom n t3# saozhou [m. wd JE ba] 
broomstick n saozhoubing 

brother n A# xiongdi, IFIf gege, # 

# didi 

brotherhood n i JnL#1#iJE xiongdi 
qingyi, shouzu zhl qing 2 ( tk 

tfc ) (zongjiao) xiongdihui 

brother-in-law n Af£ dabo (husband’s 
elder brother), <MR xiaoshu (husband’s 
young brother), rtA neixiong (wife’s 
elder brother) , 1*1# neidi (wife’s 
younger brother), MA jiefu (elder 
sister’s husband), &kA meifu (younger 
sister’s husband) 



bubbly 

brotherly adj xiongdi qingyi 

de, ^fE-.AI1f£ft shouzu zhl qing de 
brought See bring 
brow n W, e, tlB*c etou 
to knit one's brow jinsuo 

meitou, chou mei bu zhan 

browbeat (pt browbeat; pp browbeat- 
en) v dui...chuThuzi 

dengyan jlng, !&iii weibT 
browbeaten See browbeat 
brown n, adj ) zongse (de), 

) kafeise (de) 

brownstone n heshashi 

browse v suibian fanyue, i^J 

)/£ liulan 

browser n $!lj£3Sr liulanqi 
bruise I n cashang, shanghen 
II v JSfSJ cashang 
brunch n zaowucan 

brunette n A A shen hese 

toufa de nuzT, hei fa nulang 

brunt n MA zhongjT, menggong 
to bear the brunt of 
shoudaozui menglie de gongjT, 

M 1 shoudangqichong 
brush I v ^'J shua 
to brush aside bulThui 

to brush up (on) '/m>l wenxi 
II n ®!lA shuazi 
brush-off n bu ITcai 
to give sb the brush-off 
U rang...peng yi bizi huT 
brusque adj culu de, 

jianman de 

brutal adj yeman de, I2<i^&\l 

xiongbao de 

brute I n 1 1f# yeshou 2 ffilfiX-p cuye 
hanzi, I^I^^JA xiongcan de ren II adj 
yeman de 

brute force If^^A yeman baoli, 
baoli 

bubble I n paomo, #1?^, qipao 

bubble gum paopaotang 

II v qipao, sffi mao pao 
bubbly I adj 1 chongman 

paomo de 2 shengqi bobo 

de II n xiangbTnjiu 



271 




buck 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



buck I n 1 H 7 C Meiyuan, ^ qian 
to feel like a million bucks 

% ganjue jTngshen huanfa 
2 zhuangjia biaozhi 3 I 

% xiongxing dongwu II v 1 [3,+] 

[ma+] gongbei yueqi 2 l$! 

[qiche+] dianbo xingshT 3 
fandui 

bucket n Afi shuTtong 
buckle I n fP^F kouzi, t^JP daikou II v 1 
M -h^P^ 1 jishang kouzi 
Buckle up. QTng jishang 

anquandai. 

2 Bffl tuT ruan, zhan bu zhi 

to buckle under pressure JiflllEEA 
qufu yali 

3 wanqu bianxing 
bud I n huabao, W ya II v 

zhang chu huabao, faya 
Buddhism n ffiWc Fojiao 
budding adj zhanlu toujiao 

de, kaishi fazhan de 

budge v 1 yidong, nuodong 
not to budge an inch -^/nULiBsWT 
yidianr dou dongbuliao 
2 gaibian zhuyi 

budget I n MM yusuan II v 1 
jihua yongqian, shengqian 2 

MM zuo yusuan, WhMMM bianzhi 
yusuan 3 jlngda xisuan III adj 

jTngji de, pianyi de 

buff I n 1 a ihaozhe, M mi 

movie buff ££ dianyTngmi, 
yingmi 

2 mihuangse II v $1^: caliang 

buffalo n 4 1 niu, A4 1 shuiniu 
buffer n huanchongwu, ^H^HI 

huanchongguo, huanchong 

chucunqi 

buffet ni I &J^ zizhucan 2 $MMfi 
canju gui 

buffoon n 31M choujue, <h3L xiaochou 
bug I n 1 ■<bife,“P xiao chongzi 
stomach bug duzi bushufu 

2 xijun, #3# bingdu II v i 
■Wtff anzhuang qietTngqi, f qjetTng 
2 fanrao 



build I v (pt & pp built) jian, Mik 
jianzao II n tige, fixing 

building n jianzhuwu 

building industry jianzhuye 
building block n 1 5§JJ& qikuai 2 3S2FH 
^ jiben yaosu 3 fRAjTmu 
build-up n fa-fc zengzhang 
built See build 

built-up adj gaile hen 

du5 fangzi de 

bulb n 1 £T?& dengpao 2 qiujlng 
bulge I n WPfSfc pengzhang, 
gu chu de difang II v pengzhang, 
guqT 

bulimia n shfyu guosheng, ^ 

t/l^E yijTzheng 

bulk n ^ctlt dapT, daliang, dazong 
bulk buying daliang goumai 

bulky adj tTjT da de, 

you da you zhong de 
bull n 1 gongniu [m. wd tou] 2 
xiongxing dongwu 
bulldog n douniu gou 

bulldoze v [yong 

tultujT+] tuT ping, [fflffehtll+1 tM±'J 
[yong tuTtujT+] tuldao 
bulldozer n ffezhtlt tuTtujT 
bullet n zidan [m. wd ^ mei] 
to bite the bullet 

yaojTn yaguan renshou tongku, MM 
rentong 

bulletin n bugao, gonggao 

bullfight, bullfighting n 4-4 1 douniu 
bullion n [^^+] #£ jin [huo yin+] 
kuai, ^ jTn [+huo yin] tiao 

bullish adj 1 [gupiao 

shichang+] kanzhang de 2 xFX&ll'fsI^J 
leguan zixin de [+touz7zhe] 
bullpen n ( [bangqiu+] 

touqiu qu 

bull's eye n baxTn 
bullshit interj goupi, i|$i!&AjlL 

hushuo badao 

bully I n chiqiang lingruo zhe, 

qTfu ren de egun II v 
[+/Jn|s]^:] qjf u [+xiao tongxue], 
weihe 



272 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



burp 



bum I n bu wu zhengye de 

ren, A4fl£ftA wuyong de ren II v 
qTtao, "zSA qTqiu III adj 1 
[+^K] meiyou yong chu de [+jianyi], 
biejiaohuo 2 [+W] shou- 

shang de [+jiao] 

bumblebee n AH4I dahuangfeng 
bummer n jiao ren saoxing 

de shi 

bump I v 1 tit zhuang, peng 2 Wiw. 
dianbo Uni pengzhuang 2 

zhong kuai 3 tuqi bufen 

bumper I n baoxiangang 

bumper sticker ( f&P&llA 
(tie zai qiche baoxiangang 
shang de) xiao biaoyu 
II adj AMfi^J daliang de 
bumper harvest AA l l£ da fengshou 
bumper-to-bumper adv ( 

(qiche) yfliang ai yfliang 
bumpy adj 1 itrfE^PP^J gaodl bupfng 
de 2 dianbo de 

bun n xiao yuan mianbao 

bunch I n ^ shu, $ chuan 
a bunch of flowers — MtE yf shu hua 
II v zha cheng yf shu 

bundle I n i — yikun, yi zha 2 
H baoguo, — yibao 3 
pp kunbang xiaoshou de shangpTn II v 
JElftfltliF kunbang xiaoshou 
bungalow n pfngfang [m. wd 
dong] 

bungle v fillf gaozao, — ‘SlijfH yfzai 
chucuo 

bunk I n chuangpu, f$fi puwei 
bunk beds jKMJA shuangcengchuang 
II v ( t^JA^ ) (zai bieren jia) 
guoye 

bunny n tuzi [m. wd K zhl] 
buo^ I n ## fubiao, Wr$ hangbiao II v 1 
WiM t+i'nl] guwu [+shiqi], JUIeP 
zhenfen [+jTngshen] 2 
A 5 ?] weichf [+jiage de gaoshuTpfng] 
buoyant adj i [+U$MM] 

qTngsong yukuai de [+xTju yanyuan], 
Sfsl^ chongman zixin de 2 Jtfc 
xTnxTn xiang rong de 



[+JTngji] 3 [+’^r^Mf4] you full 

de [+paomo suliao] 
burden I n D-ifM fudan, Sti zhongdan 

burden of proof ju zheng 

zeren 

II v shi... fudan 

to be burdened with 
chengshou...de zhongfu 
bureau n M ju, si 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
(FBI) ( US ) (Meiguo) 

Lianbang Diaochaju 

bureaucratic adj guanliao de, Ilf 

guanliao zhuyi de 

burgeoning adj iE-illiij-fcfft xunsu 
zengzhang de 

burger n lll^l^lt# yuan niuroubTng 
burglar n pomen daoqie zhe, 

daozei 

burglary n pomen daoqiezui 

burial n *1# maizang, P4L zangIT 
burly adj gaoda cuzhuang 

de, kulwu de 

burn I v (pt & pp burned, burnt) 1 

shao, ranshao 

to burn to the ground shao 

cheng huTjin 

2 shaoshang 3 0®^ shaishang 

4 zhaoliang 

to burn the midnight oil 
aoye gongzuo, kaiyeche 

to be burned out (D jTngpf 

Fiji n , M't'&M. shenxTn pfbei (D 
shaohuT, shao jin (E> 

shT...feichang qifen 

5 MM [ + fuzhi [+guangdie], % 
m kaobei II n shaoshang, W&\ 
tangshang 

burner n 'i±A^c zaohuo tou, ABS 
huoyan 

to put sth on the back burner ffyfi 
tuTchf zuo moushi, WBA'F'#!# 
zanshf bu kaolu 
burnish v caliang 

burned, burnt See burn 
burnt adj shaojiao de 
burp v tPl da ge 
273 




burrow 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



burrov I v [dongwu+] da 

dong II n dongxue 

bursar n caiwu zhuguan 

burst I v (pt & pp burst) 1 baolie 

to burst out laughing/crying ^:$*A 
% / A9^?fe turan daxiao/daku qTlai 
to burst into tears $t^A;& fangsheng 
daku 

2 m chuang, 143 A chuangru II n WM. 
polie, baolie 
bury v M mai, MW maizang 
bus I n gonggong qiche 

bus conductor 

gonggong qiche shoupiaoyuan 
bus terminus gonggong 

qiche zongzhan, 
gonggong qiche zhongdianzhan 
II v 1 jlj yong dakeche yun- 

song 2 |#ttM+j [canguan 

IT+] shoushi zang canju 
bush n guanmucong 

bushel n ( (rongliang 

danwei) pushi'er (= 36.4 liters) 
bushy adj [X^t+] [maofa+] 

nongmi de 

business n 1 ffik shangye, Xm shengyi 
business class [A#t+] [feijl+] 

shangwucang 

2 1^0 shangdian, Wt shanghang, 4k 
4k qiye [m. wd % jia] 

business card mfngpian 

business hours yfngye shfjian 

Master of Business Administration 
(M.B.A.) shangye guanli 

shuoshi 

3 X# gongzuo, renwu 
business lunch Xf^X# gongzuo wucan 
business trip XU chuchai 

bust I v 1 tT$L dapo 2 [W^+J 
[jfngcha+] zhTkong 3 SIX chaozhT II n 

I xidngbu, H^IS xiongwei 2 
{$. banshen suxiang 

buster n / J n X xiaozT, taoyanguT 

bustle I v ftSL mangluan, #|t benmang 

II n ftSL mangluan, RHiM xuannao 

bustling adj fanmang 

xuannao de 



busy adj 1 ft mang, fanmang 2 [4l 
i§+] AISfifi [dianhua+] zhanxian de 
busybody n SIMiTOA ai guan xianshi 
de ren 

but I conj {0Jk danshi, keshi II prep 
P& 7 chule III adv {ZfkjTnjTn, MXM 
zhibuguo 

butcher I n 1 rou shang 2 JHA tufu 
II v ifr^ tuzai 

butler n nanguanjia 

butt I n MIS pigu 2 ‘MSk yantou, 
yandi 3 qiangtuo II v 
yongtou dTngzhuang 
butter I n iSr/tl huangyou, niuyou 
II v Mvlf'/tfl tu huangyou 
butterfly n 1 $3^ hudie [m. wd K zhi] 

2 dieyong 
buttock n MIS pigu 

button I n 1 Mifl niukou 2 f&fH anniu 

3 Jl&ift xiongzhen [m. wd fS mei] II v fR 
AMI P koushang niukou 

buttress I n ifeU fu bi, #1® cheng qiang 
II v Af# zhTchi 

buxom adj [+AX] fengman 

jianmei de [+nuzl] 
buy I v (pt & pp bought) 1 ^ mai 
to buy into shougou 
to buy out ^bPISII^J quanbu shougou 
to buy time MWfs] zhengqu shfjian 
2 f@fs xiangxin, jieshou II n Pllim 

goumai 

to be a good buy W- mai de 

hesuan 

buyer n goumaizhe, maizhu 

buzz I n wengweng sheng II v Jk. 

fachu wengweng sheng 
buzzer n i&Mts fengmfngqi 
buzzword n Aiu shuyu, fXS hanghua 
by I prep 1 zai...pangbian 2 Ik 

M jlngguo 3 zaL.yiqian II adv 

I5M jlngguo 

by and large Af^A datishang, A Sfc 
dazhi 

bye interj zaijian 

bygone adj guoqu de, 

yTwang de 

bylaw n Ll^l oP+] [neibu+] zhangcheng 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



call 



byline n i r zuozhe shuming 

hang 2 qiumenxian 

bypass I n pangdao 2 

^ xlnzang daqiao shoushu II v tn&£ 
raogud 

by-product n S'J^pp fuchanpln 
bystander n pangguanzhe 

byte n zijie 
byway n pianpi xiaolu 

byword n daimingci 

C 

C (= Celsius, Centigrade) abbrev Hil£ 
sheshi 

cab n chuzu qiche 

to hail a cab jiao chuzu 

qiche 

cabaret n ( 

ill (yezonghui huo canguan de) gewu 
biaoyan 

cabbage n juanxlncai 

cabbie, cabby n pflfll chuzu 

qiche sTjT 

cabin n 1 dvfcM xiao muwu [m. wd |hJ 
jian/^dong] 2 [$£$&/ HtH+] [lun 
chuan/feijT+] kecang [m. wd |h] jian] 
cabinet n 1 guizi [m. wd R zhi] 
display cabinet I^JtE chenliegui 
2 Lflkjll] 1*3 [zhengfu] neige 
cable n 1 dianlan [m. wd ^ tiao] 
cable car dianlanche 

2 youxian dianshi 

cable television youxian 

dianshi 

cache n yTncangwu, 

yincangchu 

cackle v 1 H&R&H 1 ] [mujT+] gege 

jiao 2 fachu ci'er de 

xiaosheng 

caddy n ( ) #£ 

(wei gao'erfuqiu shou fuwu de) qiutong 

cadet n ( 

(junguan xuexiao huo jingguan xue- 
xiao) xuesheng 

cadre n guganduiwu, ganbu 

275 



Caesarean n poufuchan 

shoushu 

cafe n iMbtfT kafeiguan [m. wd % jia] 
cafeteria n li BijUff zizhu canting [m. 

wd % jia] , 'idi' shitang 
caffeine n kafeiyln 
cage I n longzi II v fangjin 

longzi 

to feel caged in Gl gandao 

shlqu ziyou 

cahoots n l^)M tonghuo 
to be in cahoots with -^"-iKHKyti... 
tonghuo 

cajole v hongpian 
cake n $£ gao, Hfi dangao 
birthday cake ^BMlishengri dangao 
to be a piece of cake 
qlng er yi ju de shi 

to have your cake and eat it too M# 
liangzhe jian de 

calamity n zainan [m. wd % chang], 
zaihuo [m. wd % chang] 
calcium n t"; gai 
calculate v \\% jisuan 
calculate adj fj/M^G^ yuliao zhongdi, 
Mi+G^J yuji de 

calculated risk Mi+GtJWi£ yuji de 
fengxian 

be calculated to do sth SG^T mudi 
zaiyu 

calculator n i+^§§ jisuanqi 
calculus n weijlfen 
calendar n 0 W rili 
calf n 1 xiaoniu 2 <hBS xiaotuT 
caliber n 1 [AG*J+] is A [ren de+] 
caigan nengli 2 [Sp^G^+l [shiwu 

de+] zhiliang 
calibration n Mile kedu 
call I v 1 tT%iS da dianhua 
to call back hui dianhua 
to call collect da 

duifang fufei de dianhua 

2 nt l jiao, H J(i han 

to call for yaoqiu, qTngqiu 

3 fC-’-DElf^ ba...jiaozuo, nL l jiao 4 HiJi 
baifang 

to call on 3$i7j baifang 




caller 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



to call the shots fahao shTling 

II n 1 dianhua 

call box lubian jinjf 

qiuyuan dianhua 

2 jiaohansheng 3 PTO baifang 

the call of nature HAfl! yao xiaobian 
to be on cal! Pil nL IP©J sufjiao sufdao 
caller n fT%iSA$jA da dianhua laide 
ren 

caller ID ( (dianhua) 

laidian xianshi 

calligraphy n ( 2A ) shufa (yishu) 
call-in n @ dianhua rexian 

jiemu, kouying jiemu 

calling n shiminggan 

callous adj lengmo de, ?£8SrW 
lengku de 

callus n [¥W_t&*J+] [shoujiao shang 
de+] ying pi, laojian 
calm I adj zhenjing de, 
zhending de II v shi... zhenjing 

calorie n AS&M kalulT, A ka 
camaraderie n tongzhi qfngyi 

camcorder n bianxieshi 

sheluxiangjT [m. wd K zhT/o tai] 
came See come 

camel n luotuo [m. wd K zhT/^c tou] 
camera n Mffifll zhaoxiangjT 
digital camera shuma 

zhaoxiangjT 
surveillance camera 
jiankong shexiangjT 
camouflage I n 1 weizhuang 

2 mfcaifu II v yong 

weizhuang yinbi 
camp I n Hr yfng, Hftti yfngdi 
campfire HrA yfnghuo, If A gouhuo 
campsite fUfiifc luyfngdi 
II vMH luyfng 
campaign I n [— 

[yfxilie de+] huodong/yundong II v 

( -wm ) ms 

faql huo canyu (yfxilie de) huodong, 
yundong 

camper n i ftltr# luyfng zhe 2 If Hr A 
yeyfng che [m. wd liang] 
campus n ( A# 1 ) (daxue) xiaoyuan 



can 1 modal v [neg cannot abbrev can’t] 
(pt could; neg could not abbrev 
couldn’t) 1 fii neng, nenggou 
2 oTW keyT 

can 2 1 n i Stec guantou 2 fi tong 
can opener kaiguanqi 

garbage can i&J&M lajTtong 
II v ffi ( 11% ) ba (shfwu) 

zhuangguan 

Canada n flP^A Jianada 
canal n isM yunhe, AIH shuTqu 
cancel v quxiao 

to cancel out i&M dixiao 
cancellation n Wl'ft quxiao, zuofei 
cancer n jl§ ai, IbsSe aizheng 
candidate n MeIA houxuanren 
candidly adv zhfyan buhui 

de, JfifetJl tanshuai de 
candle n lazhu [m. wd A zhT] 

to burn the candle at both ends 
qizaomohei de gongzuo 
candor n tanshuai, JSM tancheng 

candy n UtA tangguo 
cane I n guaizhang [m. wd fH gen], 
Aft shouzhang [m. wd fH gen] II v 
IHfltlfT yong tengbian chouda 
canine adj quan lei de, 
gou de 

police canine unit ¥A<h^ jingquan 
xiaozu 

canister n fangxfng 

yuandlng guan tong, S® guan, fi tong 
canker n P ( M ) fS kou (jue) chuang 
canker sore zhfwu kuiyang 

canned adj 1 guanzhuang de 

2 W / b 1 ^] yuxian luyTn 

de [xiaosheng, ylnyue] 
canned laughter 
yuxian luzhi de xiaosheng 
cannibal n #Al^]# shf renrou zhe 
cannon n A'i® dapao [m. wd H men], flP 
A'i® jianongpao [m. wd H men] 
canny adj JTngmfng de, 
bu rongyi shangdang de 
canoe n dumuzhou 

canopy n 1 shuguan 2 ding zhao 

can't See can 



276 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



canteen n i shitang [m. wd |bJ jian], 
xfngjun shuihu 

canter v ( (qfma) zhong 
su pao 

Cantonese n i fT&iS' Guangdonghua 
2 r^A Guangdong ren 
canvas n i Wfr fanbu 2 
youhuabu, V&® youhua [m. wd kuai] 
canvass v tiEAMjAL zhengqiu yijian, TM'4 
'IW#1 liaojie qfngkuang, $fi!& youshui 
canyon n xiagu 

cap n 'I'iA maozi, Tt1§fi yashemao 
capability n fisA nengli, Afb caineng 
capable adj fbA$] nenggan de, WfisA 
#J you nengli de 
to be capable of nenggou 

capacity n 1 iisA nengli 2 #11 rongliang 
cape n 1 haijiao 2 doupeng [m. 

wd jian], tl£K pTfeng [m. wd W jian] 
caper I n i bufa goudang, 

maoxian judong 2 dongzuo 

pian II v xTngfen de tiaoyue 

capillary n maoxi xueguan 

capital I n i shoudu 2 A zTben 
capital assets guding zTchan 

II adj 1 A^?lA daxie de 
capital letter A^jA^ daxiezimu 

2 sTxfng de 

capital punishment JfcM sixing 
capitalist I n zTbenjia II adj 

AAfft zTben zhuyi de 
capitalize v i tigong zTjln 2 A 

[+H— AA#] daxie [diylge zimu] 

3 f'Jffi [+#t#] liyong [+JThui] 

Capitol ( US ) Sz^A® (Meiguo) 

Guohui dasha 

capitulate v JSJIfc qufu, £&l# touxiang 
cappuccino n kapuqinuo 

kafei 

capricious adj 1 fi'|4£ft ren xing de 2 A 
buhelT de 

capsize v [$&+] MU [chuan+] qfngfu, SH 
Ip fanchuan 

capsule n i jiaonang [m. wd li] 

2 MA^fe hangtiancang [m. wd © jian], 
Sl?#tJilfr mifengcang [m. wd © jian] 
captain n i IlS^ chuanzhang, #tA 



carcinogen 

jTzhang 2 ( BklA^ ) IAA (qiudui deng) 
duizhang 

caption n i [Hlft+J [tupian+] 

shudming wenzi 2 [%i£/ ^M+] 
[dianying/dianshi+] zimu 
captivate v && mizhu, p A^I xTyTn 
captivating adj i^Afi^J miren de, 

3IA6*J feichang xTyTnren de 
captive I adj l&AJTO bei guanya de 
to take sb captive ^#^A guanya 
mouren 

II n 06i qiutu, zhanfu 
captivity n 0^ qiujin, A# guanya 
captor n fUS:# buzhuozhe 
capture I v i [+H312] buhuo 
[+zuifan] 2 J&A [+i^TlT] gongzhan 
[chengshi] 3 [+TlTf^] duoqu 
[+shichang], M# yfngde 
to capture sb's imagination 

huanqT mouren de xiangxiang 
II n buhuo 

car n qiche [m. wd liang] 

car pool hehuo yong che 

de ren 

sports car saiche 
used car — ershouche, IH$ jiuche 
carafe n yTnliaopfng 

carat n 1%Ml kela 

caravan n changtu luxing 

chedui 

carbohydrate n m - #! tanshui 
huahewu 

carbon (C) n ^ tan 
carbon copy A fuxieben 
carbon dating tan 

niandai cedingfa 

carbon dioxide eryang huatan 

carbon monoxide yiyang 

huatan 

carbon footprint 

xiaohao nengyuan de jilu 
carbonated adj Is hanyou 

eryanghuatan de 

carburettor n ( (qiche) 

qihuaqi 

carcass n ( ) PW (dongwu) shTtf 

carcinogen n zhi'ai wuzhi 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



carcinogenic 

carcinogenic adj J zhi'ai de 
card n 1 A ka, Ait kapian 2 fiA heka 
3 ft-fTrA yinhangka 4 thinLltf pukepai, 
zhipai [m. wd !r£ zhang] 
card table pai zhuo 
card shark IIAMSWP^A kao zuobi 
yfng pai de ren 

birthday card XBI?A shengri heka 
Christmas card Xiii^A shengdan heka 
credit card A xinyongka 
ID card JHftiiE shenfenzheng 
cardboard n W&M. yingzhiban 
cardiac adj 'hfUtP^J xTnzang de 
cardiac arrest xTnzang ting bo 

cardigan n duijTn 

yangmaoshan [m. wd tt jian] 
cardinal I adj 3£AP*J JTben de, XHP^ 
zhuyao de 

cardinal number MfcjTshu 
II n ShujT Zhujiao, %L 

HongyT zhujiao 

cardiology n xTnzangbingxue 

cardiovascular adj 'bJfilWIft xTnxueguan 
de 

care I v i guanxTn, At'F guanhuai 
2 MM zhaogu, M$4 zhaoliao 3 
xThuan 4 tEX zaihu II n i O.M zhuyi, A 
A xiaoxTn 

Handle with care! XiaoxTn 

qTngfang! 

to take care of (D MM zhaogu, M$4 
zhaoliao (2) chulT, ^l-S liaolT 
care package / XAP*J+] 1ft 

pp [ jigei xuesheng/junren de+] 
shipTn baoguo 

careen v waiwai 

niuniu de jfshi xiangqian 
career I n [AAP*J+] Xik [geren de+] 
shiye 

career counsellor jiuye 

zhTdaoyuan 

II adj TOkP^J zhiye de, AikP^J zhuanye 
de 

career woman 3RJk£=|j£c zhiye funu 
carefree adj wuyou wulu 

carefui adj A'frP*l xiaoxTn de, f;p£fflP^ 
zixi de 



to be careful with money iM'IS 
huaqian hen jTnshen 

caregiver n M#JLSDjS(^AP*lA zhaokan 
ertong hud bingren de ren 
careless adj fEXP^J cuxTn de 
caress v aifu, $6^ fumo 
caretaker n flHfA kanguan ren, 1f8IM 
guanITyuan 
cargo n j*#? huowu 
Caribbean adj jJP$Jt:k?§P^ JialebThai de 
Caribbean Sea iJPWjltw'fit JialebThai 
caricature I n i Mi manhua, iM^J® 
fengcihua 2 fengci wenzhang 

II v ba...hua cheng 

manhua 

caring adj AASUAP^J guanxTn bieren de, 
3£§£P^J guan'ai de 
carjacking n jiechi qiche 

carnage n AJUX da tusha 
carnal adj rouyu de, ^lAP*J 
rout! de 

carnation n shexiang shfzhu, 

kangnaixTn [m. wd ?k duo/tt zhu] 
carnival n i kuanghuanjie 2 yrt^J 

liudong youyituan 

carnivore n Htl^l3fr#f shfrou dongwu 
carnivorous adj #1^1 P*J shirou de 
carol n Shengdan songge 

carousel n xuanzhuan muma 

carp 1 n till. ITyu 

carp 2 v tiaoti, chuT mao 

qiu cT 

carpenter n AX mugong, AX!lipfi 
mugong shTfu 

carpet n ditan [m. wd ^ kuai] 
carport n tfngchepeng 

carriage n AM chexiang 
carrier n i hangkong 

yunshu gongsT 2 hangkong- 

mujian 3 isi^A yunsdngren 
carrot n i MW h* huluobo [m. wd gen] 
2 AiS xunuo 

a carrot-and-stick approach MW h^P 

A#P^A'/i huluobo jia dabang de fangfa 
carry v 1 yunsong 2 sufshen 
dai, xiedai 

to carry out shfxfng, jinxing 



278 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



to get/be carried away i! 

M jTdong de shlqu kongzhi 
carsickness n yunche 
cart I n tuTche 
shopping cart gouwuche 

II v banyun, zhuangyun 

cartel n kate'er, IUikI&5il tongye 
lianmeng 

cartilage n ruangu zuzhT 

cartograph n ditu huizhi 

arton n zhTbanxiang 
cartoon n l ‘Mill manhua 2 (animated 
cartoon) donghuapian 

cartridge n i xiaohezi [m. wd K 

zhl] 2 X# zldan [m. wd M ke/f& mei] 
computer game cartridge feJjiW^cA 
diannao youxika 
cartwheel n fiJXilj ceshoufan 
carve v M.M diaoke 

cascade I n /MU# xiaopubu II v H#— 
pubu yiyang de luoxia 
case n 1 W*| shill 2 ( fife# ) Wfc (falu) 
anjian 3 bingli 
case study ge'an yanjiu 

in case 7f— wanyT 

in any case wulun ruhe, Xlf 

buguan zenyang 
caseload n Xf^ll gongzuoliang 
cash I n xianjTn II v 
duihuan xianjTn 
cash cow yaoqianshu 

cash crop jTngji zuowu 

cash flow M&MM xianjTn liutong 
cashew n yaoguo [m. wd 11 li] 

cashier n M ) chuna (yuan) 

cashmere n ( til ) (shan) yangrong 
cash-strapped adj zTjTn 

kunnan de 

casing n S tao, M zhao 
casino n duchang 

cask n ( ) Afi (zhuang jiu de) 

mutong 

casket n 1 ft# guancai 2 
shoushihe 

casserole n i SNS shaguo, dunguo 
2 shaguocai, dunguocai 

beef casserole iWaAl^l shaguo niurou 



catapult 

cassette n he shi cidai 

audio cassette # heshi luyTndai 

video cassette heshi lu- 

xiangdai 

cast I v (pt & pp cast) i tou, M zhi 
2 qTngchu, rengdiao 3 f 

toushe 

to cast a vote toupiao 
to cast a shadow touxia 

yTnyTng 

II n 1 quantT yanyuan 2 A^ 

renwu, Mi!l juese 
castaway n Wl ^ a ) a +] 

A [chenchuan hou+] piaoliu dao 
huangdao de ren 

caste n ( tt! (Yindu de) 

zhongxing zhidu 

castigate v lti¥ yanli piping, 

yancheng 

castle n Mil chengbao [m. wd Ml zuo] 
castoff n [+TdlH] diuqi de [+ylfu] 

castrate v IWJ yange 
casual adj 1 feizhengshi de 

2 suiyi de, man 

bu jlngxln de 3 bu shi 

jlngchang de, ouran de 

casual clothes xiuxian 

fuzhuang 
a casual remark 
suikou shuode yi ju hua 
casual worker ilfiBlX linshigong 
casualty n ffjtlAm shangwang ren- 
yuan,ffr£A!fc shangwang renshu 
cat n $a mao [m. wd K zhl] 
like a cat on a hot tin roof 
xiang reguoshang de may! 
cataclysmic adj jubian de 
catalog n 1 shangpln mulu,# 

pd^ yangplnbu 2 IS^? @ ^ tushumulu, 
^^1 suoyTn 

catalysis n culhua zuoyong 

catalyst n i cuihuaji 2 

#JA ( ) cushT jubian de ren (huo 
shi) 

catapult I n 1 dangong 2 

feijT tansheqi II v ba... 

dan chuqu 



279 




cataract 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



cataract n iiPIc baineizhang 
catastrophe n BAA^t juda zainan 
catch I v (pt & pp caught) i 
zhuazhu, zhuahuo 2 ^E_k gan 

shang 3 ganran shang 

to be caught up in sth 
beijuan ru mou shi 
to catch on kaishi mingbai 

to catch one's breath chuan 

guoqi lai, PifiiA chuanqi 
to catch sb's eye xTyTn 

mouren de zhuyi 

Uni Hit'S: zhuazhu, HcSlJ jiedao 2 ( |f§, 

) I'nJjM (yincang de) went!, 
yinhuan 3 SIS quantao, ijtit guTjl 
4 [haichan de+] 

buhuoliang 5 [RI&+] JPA [xianglian+] 
kouzi 

catch phrase Hfcfr® liuxfng yu, PA# 
koutouchan 

catching adj chuanranxing de 

catchword nP^ kouhao, #iu biaoyu 
catchy adj ©JfiJLhPffo langlang 
shangkou de, MP shunkou de 
catechism n ( ) tfcSl'n)^ 

(JTdujiao de) jiaoli wenda 
categorical adj mingque de 
categorize v ba...fenlei 

category n #1^ zhonglei, leibie 
cater v tlgong yinshi fuwu, 

banjiuxi 

to cater to/for [$/!§+] 

manzu [guke+] de xuyao 
catering n tigong yinshi, 

J$i chengban jiuxi 

catering industry yinshi 

hangye 

caterpillar n maochong 

cathedral n Aitt dajiaotang 
Catholic n AitfcTianzhujiao 
catnap n /MSI xiaoshui 
to take catnaps /MS— ^JL xiaoshui 
yihuir, tTH*feJL dadunr 
cattle n AUl niuqun, A niu 
catty adj edu de, daidu de 
catwalk n ( (shizhuang 

biaoyan) buxingtai, T J&n ffxingtai 



Caucasian n, adj if+A ( ) bai- 

zhongren (de) 

caucus n zhengdang diqu 

huiyi 

caught See catch 

cauliflower n huayecai [m. wd 

k e],1^M huacai [m. wd iPi ke] 
cause I n 1 J^HI yuanyTn, Si ITyou 
with good cause you 

chongfen ITyou 

2 shiye II v 03^ ylnqf, zaocheng 
caustic adj 1 l+Wis)] kebo de 

[+yanci], jianke de 2 jjSff&ftfi*) 

[+%lM] fushixing de [+wuzhi] 
caution I n iM'R jTnshen II v 1=fM gaojie, 
H£1 tixTng 

cautionary adj jTnggao de 

a cautionary tale 
you jingshi yiyi de shili 
cautious adj jTnshen de 

cave 1 n M dong, #HA dongxue 
cave 2 v (to cave in) 1 +] iS A 

[meikuang+] tafang 2 tingzhT 

dTkang, ISM. qucong 
cavern n All#] da shandong, APA da 
dongxue 

caviar n Ik^Fwr yuzTjiang 
cavity n 1 zhuya dong 2 qiang, 
I|b| dong 

cavort v %kWi huanteng, ^ClW huan nao 
cc (= cubic centimeter) abbrev It 

lifanglimT 

CCTV (= closed-circuit televison) abbrev 
bilu dianshi 

CD (= compact disk) abbrev 
guangdie [m. wd ^ zhang/S pan] 
cease v ^ih zhongzhi, tingzhl 
ceasefire n l#A tinghuo 
ceaseless adj butfng de 
cedar n XTyang shan, Wfe 
xuesong 

cede v #Jik gerang, 3 cHj jiaochu 
ceiling n 1 tianhuaban 2 .tM 

shangxian 

celebrate v 1 [+fr^l qingzhu 
[+xTnnian] 2 [+AiM] zanmei 

[-i-daziran], songyang 



280 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



certified 



celebrated adj zhumfng de, 
wenming de 

celebration n i qingzhu 2 '$M 
songyang 

celebrity n 4aA mfngren 
celery n qfncai 
celestial adj A_t6*J tianshang de, 
tiantang de 

celibate adj ( (yin 

zongjiao er) jinyu de 
cell n 1 laofang [m. wd |h] jian] 2 M 
$2 xibao 3 dianchf [m. wd jie] 
cellar n iiiiir dijiao 
wine cellar Ml? jiujiao, 

M chucang zai dijiao de jiu 
cellist n datfqfn yanzouzhe 

cello n AH^P datfqfn [m. wd JE ba] 
cellophane n bolizhT 

cell phone n shoujT, 
yfddng dianhua 

cellular adj 1 xibao de 2 

I^J yfdong dianhua de 
cellulite n ;!£TJ1b1/j pf xia zhTfang 
celluloid n ( -¥•$] ) (zaoqT) 

dianymg de 
Celsius n See C 

cement I n 1 tKM shuTnf 2 m'^J jiaoheji 
II v i tu shangshuT nf 2 5HIS 

gonggu 

cemetery n AM gongmu, Hitil mudi 
censor I v shencha II n ^irAM 
shencha renyuan 
censorship n 'Me shencha, 
shencha zhidu 

censure v zhengshi piping, JF 

ijUSt gongkai qianze 
census n ADilBi: renkou pucha 
cent n ^ [qian] fen 
centennial, centenary n yibai 

zhounian, yibai zhounian 

jinian 

center n zhongjian, zhongxTn 
center of gravity Jfrfr zhongxTn 
shopping center gouwu 

zhongxTn 

centerfold n ( 

(zazhi zhong ye de) luonu zhaopian 



centerpiece n i fel^A&^Woo 
canzhuo zhongyang de zhuangshipin 
2 zui zhongyao de bufen 

Centigrade n Sheshi 
centimeter, cm n Mzlt IfmT, Aft 
gongfen 

centipede n W-fiLi. baizuchong, ^4^ 
wugong 

central adj zhongxTn de, 

zhongyang de 
(New York) Central Park ( 

4*11 (Niuyue) zhongyang gongyuan 
century n ik^B shiji 
CEO (= Chief of Executive Officer) ab- 
brev shouxf zhfxfngguan, 

&£&£ zongjinglT [m. wd fiz wei] 
ceramics n ( MW ) taocfqi 

(zhizuo) 

cereal n ob zaocan guwu 

shfpTn, maipian 

cerebral adj i Aflii^J danao de 2 ^HA 
xuyao danao sTkao de, ^J|l!K) 
shen'ao de 

ceremonial adj ITyf de, 
dianIT de 

ceremony n yfshi, WL dianIT 

marriage ceremony ^ff^Ajiehun 
yfshi 

certain adj 1 kending de 2 

mou ge, MSk mouxie 
certainly adv i kending 2 

dangran 

certainty n quedingxing, J 

^ queding de shi 
to say with (any) certainty 
queqie de shuo 

certifiable adj i keyi zheng- 

mfng de 2 key! tongguo de 

certificate n zhengshu, zheng- 

mfng [m. wd ifr fen/^fe zhang] 
birth certificate chushengzheng 

certificate of deposit #1^#- 
cunkuandan 

death certificate slwangzheng 

certified adj i wan- 

cheng zhuanye peixun de, 
hege de 



281 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



certify 

certified public accountant -b ftKOT 
'If it i I hege de kaiye kuaijl, -fft'lkitil 
zhiye kuaiji 

2 bei hezhun de 

a certified copy jTng 

jianding hezhun de fuben 
certify v zhengshi zhengming 

cervical adj zTgongjTng de 

cervical cancer AllT zlgongjing ai 
cessation n f?ih tingzhT, 4*11? 
zhongduan 

cesspool n wuhui de changsuo 

chafe v MiA naohuo, jiaozao 

chagrin I n fl® aonao, AM shTwang 
II v ( ^A ) 'i® shT (mouren) aonao, 
® ( ^A ) All shT (mouren) shTwang 
chain I n 1 liantiao 2 yixilie 

3 liansuoshangdian/ltit 
canguan/^fit luguan II v 

yong liantiao shuanzhu 
chain letter liansuo xin 

chain reaction liansuo fanying 

chainsaw n MIS lianju [m. wd IE ba] 
chainsmoker n 

yizhT jie yizhT de xTyan de ren, MM yanguT 
chair n ftA yTzi [m. wd JE ba] 
armchair fushouyf [m. wd IE ba] 

wheelchair lunyT [m. wd liang] 

chairperson n ±$5 zhuxi [m. wd fu wei] 
chairman of a company 
gongs! dongshizhang 
chalet n ( liffiib ) AM (Ruishi) xiao wu 
chalk I n 1 fenbT [m. wd A zhT] 2 
M bai'e II v yong fenbT xie 

to chalk up huo fen 

chalkboard n heiban 
challenge I v 1 iW [+IM] tiaozhan 
[+quanwei] 2 HA t+ffelil^^^] 
yaoqiu [+zuo kunnao de shi] II n 1 % 
tiaozhan, MScA tiaozhanshu 2 '$M 
^#^JA ( ktM ) hen nan duifu de ren 
(huo shi) 3 f$iM. zhiyf 
chamber n 1 ^I'b] fangjian 2 ^ shi, Hx 
qiang 

chamber music M\H ( ia ) A shinei 
(yTn) yue 

chamber of commerce shanghui 



chameleon n 1 bianse xTyi 

2 jian feng shT duo de 

ren, bianselong 

champagne n xiangbTnjiu 
champion n guanjun [m. wd wei] 

championshi| n jTnbiaosai 
chance I n jThui 
to take a chance, to take chances H 
P& maoxian, 0MP.& mao fengxian 
fat chance bukeneng 

by chance ouran, TE^j zhengqiao 

to leave nothing to chance 3§A3tt 
haobu shuhu 

II v 1 n P& maoxian 2 frW pengqiao 

III adj fH^I^J ouran de 

chancellor n i ( »Af^ ) ^ 

(mouxie daxue de) xiaozhang 2 ( M 
HI ) (Deguo) ZongIT 
chandelier n zhTxing diaodeng 

change I v 1 bianhua 2 gaibian 

3 ( A^ Util# ) huan cheng 
(huoche, feijT deng) II n 1 bianhua 
2 JIcA zhaotou 3 lingqian 
small change lingqian 

a change of clothes bei 

huan de yTfu 

changeable adj changchang 

bianhua de 

channel I n 1 dianshi pindao 

2 haixia 3 K^7K+] Ifili [gong- 

shuT+] guandao 4 
tujing, liiS qudao 

to go through diplomatic channels iS 

tongguo waijiao qudao 
II v JE ( ^ A ba (jlnqian, 

jlngli) yong yu 

to channel resources into research 
and development 

ba zTyuan yong yu kaifa yanjiu 
chant I v i fanfu de hanjiao 

2 [+^|5:|^i]i|] yinchang [+zongjiao 

gequ] II n 1 — yizai fanfu 
dehua 2 zongjiao gequ 

chaos n itlljL hunluan, wu xu 

zhuangtai 

chaotic adj jiqi hunluan de, 

wenluan bukan de 



282 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



chauffeur 



chapel n <M&S£ xiaojiaotang 
wedding chapel hunIT jiao- 

tang 

chaperone I n ( £$} ) 

HalPA (wei chengnian ren zai shejiao 
changhe de) jianhuren II v ^iSSJPA 
dang jianhuren 
chaplain n ( ^IA > 

(jundui, ylyuan deng di de) mushl 
chapped adj junlie de, A'JSItKj 
ganzao de 

chapter Nif zhang, zhangjie 2 &t 

M shiql, shijian 3 fenhui 
char v shaojiao 
character n i / <M£+] A 
[dianying/xiaoshuo+] renwu/juese 

2 'I4#r xingge 3 #fiH tezheng 4 4$^^ 

shuxie fuhao 

Chinese character ’/XA Hanzi 
characteristic I n tedian, #14 
texing II adj dute de, MUf#] 

xianzhe de 

characterize v ba...shuocheng, 

J8£zc"-£Kj#tiE miaohui...de tezheng 
to characterize the economic situa- 
tion as dire 

ba jlngji xingshi shuocheng shi jiqi 
zaogao de 

charades n caizi youxi 

charcoal n M tan, A$t mutan 
charge I v i Hffr yaojia 2 idUP jizhang 

3 JUS zhikong 4 SM 3 mengchong II n 

1 ftffl feiyong 

free of charge mianfei 

2 zhikong, zuiming 3 IfiM 

fuze 4 turan mengchong 5 

chongdian 

charger n chongdianqi 

chariot n ( ‘fi'fX ) (gudai) zhanche 
charisma n MtJ meilhAA^A geren 
meili 

charitable adj i J cishan de, M 

cishan shiye de 2 
kuanrong de, tongqing de 

charity n 1 M# cishan, cishan 

shiye 

charity concert 



e 1 Azc wei cishan shiye mujuan de 
ylnyuehui, AMePAz? yiyan ylnyuehui 
2 shlshe wu 

charlatan n maochong 

neihang de pianzi 

charm n i miren zhT chu, MtJ 

meili 2 zhuangshi guajian 

lucky charm tPJMrF hushenfu [m. wd 
# jian] 

charmed adj haoxiang 

you mofa baohu de, xingyun de 

to lead a charmed life 
shenghuo yizhi hen xingyun 
charred adj shaojiao de 
chart I n UK tubiao 
pie chart bTngxing fenxT tu 

II v i jilu 2 zhiding jihua 

charter I n i [X,#t / i{JK+] [feijT/ 

chuanzhT+] baozO 2 gangling 
charter flight baojl luxing 

II v [+X,tH / ISM] baozu [+feijT/ 
chuanzhT] 

chase vi il zhuT, ill^E zhulgan 2 MA 
zhuTqiu 

to chase down zhaodao, M jfS'J 

zhuTbudao 

chasm n 1 MM\ shenyuan 2 
juda de fenqi 

chassis n ( (qiche) dipan 

chaste adj zhenjie de, ^iol^J 
chunjie de 

chasten v IBM chengjie, ®--^^^iJi| 
shi...jieshou jiaoxun 
chat n, v 1 xiantan, ®PA liaotian 
2 1^1 _t®PA wangshang liaotian 
chat room wangshang 

liaotianshi 

chateau n ( ) WM (Faguo de) 
chengbao 

chatter v 1 [A+] [ren+] laodao, 
diedie buxiu 2 / -®»+] 

[houzi/niao+] mingjiao 3 [^^+] 
[yachi+] dazhan 

chatterbox n ^I^AA^A diedie buxiu 
de ren 

chauffeur I n ( fAA ) (siren) sljl 
II v ^fAA^Jtll dang siren sljl 



283 




chauvinism 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



a chauffeured limousine 
l^§S:X$FX peiyou siren sljT de haohua 
jiaoche 

chauvinism n $>AAA Shawen zhuyi 
male chauvinsim AUXXAdananzT 
zhuyi 

cheap adj 1 pianyi de, 

lianjia de 2 liezhl de 3 X#lil!tfj 

bu zunzhong de 
cheap remarks 
bugongpfng de piping 
cheapen v ft"-P^jft#^shi...jiangdT 
shenfen 

cheapskate n xiaoqiguT 
cheat I v 1 9113 pian, qlpian 2 
zuobi II n 5ijX pianzi, ffcP# zudbizhe 
check I v 1 f&S jiancha, hedui 2 ft 
is tuoyun 

to check in (D V(£Wfa / IMI^+] Hr id Aft 
[zai luguan/ylyuan+] dengji ruzhu 
( 2 ) •) ban deng feijl shouxu 
to check out CD / M$t+] £q'l>kpj 
JF [zai luguan/ylyuan+] jiezhang likai 
(D cong tushuguan jie shu 

3 [+fXiU heshi [+xinxl] 4 l&SE 

jiancha II n 1 l&Si: jiancha, hedui 

security check anquan jiancha 

2 ££$!] kongzhi, WrfrJ yizhi 3 zhlpiao 

4 Ilk# 1 [canguan+] zhangdan 
checkbook n AU $1 zhlpiaobu [m. wd 

X ben] 

checked adj caise 

fangge tu'an de 

checker n i ( ^Hrfl ) i|£$|.M (chaoshi) 
shouyinyuan 2 jianchayuan 

spelling checker ( %J®i ) 

(diannao) plnxie jiancha chengxu 
checkers n ®#®IjI& XTyang tiaoqi 
check-in n i [Sktt+] AftX# [luguan+] 
ruzhu shouxu 2 dengji shouxu 

check-in counter [$M+] Af±X^ 
[luguan+] ruzhu shouxuchu, [#l 
^+] l£#lX#jtlEL'n [jlchang+] dengji 
shouxuguitai 

checklist n ( ) if#- (hedui 
yong de) qlngdan [m. wd ffrfen] 
checkout n 1 ftlfc&b fukuanchu, ykHa 



shouyfntai 2 [Sktt+] ifi^BtlKI [luguan+] 
tuifang shfjian 

checkpoint n jianchazhan 
check-up n fXHf&ri: tige jiancha 
cheek n ffiM mianjia 
cheer n, v 2W huanhu 
to cheer . . . on 3b*"iHflil wei...jiayou 
to cheer up JSXfede zhenzuoqllai, iti 
gaoxing qilai 

Cheer up! Zhenzuoqllai! ® 

A~\£UL! Gaoxing yidianr! 
cheerfu adj kuaihuo de, 4*Atil 
lingren yukuai de 

cheerleader n i [Wl+I MilAM 
[ganlanqiu+] laladuiyuan 2 
gull zhe 

cheese n HfiM nailao 
Say cheese! ( Mffi&t ) 

(zhaoxiang shf) Xiao yi xiao! “/ju 
X” ! Shuo "qiezi"! 
cheetah n $tf*J liebao [m. wd X tou] 
chef n A®0 dachushl [m. wd wei] 
pastry chef dianxin shlfu 

chemical I n huaxue zhipln 

II adj huaxue de, \k*XM 

huagdng de 

chemical plant VCJLT huagongchang 
chemical engineer ftXX]M!JilJ 
huagong gongchengshl 
chemist n huaxuejia 

chemistry n huaxue 

chemotherapy n huaxue 

liaofa, {k$? hualiao 
cherish v zhenshi 

cherry n ylngtao [m. wd ® ke/ll li] 
cherry blossom ylnghua 

cherub n d N A^ xiaotianshT 
chess n %M. xiangqf, guoji 

xiangqi [m. wd M‘J fu /& pan] 
chest n 1 xiong, xiongkou 2 AH 
X daxiangzi 

medicine chest !?pp$S yaopinchu 
chest of drawers XX® wudouchu 
chestnut n lizi [m. wd Ml li/® ke] 
chew v # jiao. Ml jujue 
to chew on fSJS shensI 
to chew out yanli zebei 



284 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



chewing gum n P#H kouxiangtang 
chic adj shlmao piaoliang de 

chick n i <hX!| xiaojT [m. wd K zhl], <M?r 
xiaoniao [m. wd K zhl] 2 xiaoniu 

chicken I n i X| jT [m. wd K zhl] 
a chicken-and-egg situation 

xian you j7 haishi xian 
you dan de wenti 

2 jlrou II adj danxiao de 

chickenpox n APS shuidou 
chide v chize, numa 

chief I adj zhuyao de 

the Chief Executive Meiguo 

zongtong 

chief justice shouxf faguan 

II n iilf zhuguan, ^UL tour 
chief of staff canmouzhang 

police chief jlngzhang 
chiefly adv ±H zhuyao, dabufen 

chieftain n Hjx qiuzhang, zuzhang 

chiffon n xuefangchou 
child n (pl children) 1 Jim ertong, WrF 
haizi 2 zinu, haizi 

child support zlnu fuyangfei 

childbearing n *£$rF sheng haizi, ft 
$&fenmian 

childbearing age Wfit yuling 
childbirth n Fttfk fenmian, sheng 

haizi 

childcare n JLjtMUr ertong zhaoguan 
childcare center ertong 

zhaoguan zhongxln, ffcJLFJr tuo'ersuo 
childhood n jS^ tongnian 
childish adj haiziqi de, 

youzhi de 

childless adj wu zinu de 

childlike adj haizi ban de, A3£ 

tianzhen de 

childproof adj ertong 

bu neng kaiqi de, X^JLlSAilF^] dui 
ertong wuhai de 
children See child 
chili, chilli n lajiao 
chill I v shi.Jengque, 

sKL.bian leng II n 1 MM hanyi 2 irtfi 
haipa, danzhan xTnjTng III adj 

feichang leng de 



chocoholic, chocaholic 

chillinj adj lingren 

jiqi haipa de, lingren 

maogu songran de 
chilly adj hanleng de 
chime I n ^14* bianzhong II v [ft+j D|nj 
[zhong+] xiang 

to chime in 4®i5 chahua 

[+biaoshi zantong] 
chimney n ^HlS yancong 
chimpanzee n heixlngxlng 
chin n TEH xiaba 
chin up ^If^ftTyintixiangshang 
to take it on the chin Wz&t [+T&IEX4 
f#] chengshou [+bu gongzheng duidai] 
china n ciqi 
China n 4*111 Zhongguo 
Chinatown n iifAflr Tangrenjie, ^AE. 
Huaren qu 

Chines I adj 4*HI$J Zhongguo de II n 1 
4*0A Zhongguoren 2 4*3t Zhongwen, 
#Uu Hanyu, Huayu 
chink n till^t fengxi, WiM loudong 
chip n 1 zha tudoutiao, jfeW 

^ zha shutiao 2 ( i+lftll ) 

(jisuanjT) jfcheng dianlu pian 3 ( ^ 

P (wan) huokou,^:P quekou 4 ( 

% ) MtiQ (duchang) chouma 
chipmuck n huashu [m. wd M zhl], 

jTnhua shu 

chiropractor n beibu anmoshT 

chirp v nL l [niao huo 

kunchong+] jiao, 
jTJTzhazha de jiao 

chisel I n i£rP zaozi, M7J zao dao [m. wd 
JE ba] II v ( Jltlnf 1 ) ® (yong zaozi) zao 
chit n jiedai ziju, APK#- qian- 

zhang dan 

chit-chat n xianliao 

chivalry n qishl fengdu 

chives n M&M xixiangcdng 
chlorine n M. Iu, luqi 

chock-a-block adj manman de, 

baoman de 

chock-fu adj zhuangman de, M 

saiman de 

chocoholic, chocaholic n 

lA tebie ai chi qiaokeli de ren 



285 




chocolate 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



chocolate n FjlUtJ qiaokell 
hot chocolate re qiaokell 

yTnliao 

choice I n xuanze 

by choice U zijT xuanze de, § 

ziyuan de 

II adj jlngxuan de, youzhi 
de 

choir n ( tfcz? ) (jiaohui) chang- 

shTban, ( ) o'! (xuexiao) 

hechangtuan 

choke I v 1 sITL.zhlxT 2 

H duse 3 ( MJcaJj ) (yin 

JTdong) shuobuchu hua lai II n 1 SL§> 
zhixT 2 zu men qi 

choke collar ( ) *$111 (gou) xiangquan 
cholera n ltj§L huoluan 
cholesterol n IMS! danguchun 
choose (pt chose; pp chosen) v i 
xuanze, tiaoxuan 2 &5 e jueding 
choosy adj shifen tiaoti de 

chop I v 1 JF pT kai, qiecheng 

xiao kuai 2 ^ kan 3 it'M xuejian 
to chop down Sfc®l kan dao 
II n 1 ## paigu 
pork chop zhupai 

2 pi, kan 

to get the chop bei jiegu 
chopper n zhisheng feijT 

choppy adj bolang qifu de 

chopsticks n kuaizi [m. wd tit gen /M 

shuang] 

choral adj ( ) Hii^SEW (jiaohui) 
changshTban de, (^t£) 

(xuexiao) hechangtuan de 
chord n 10 e 1 heyTn, hexian 
to strike a chord yTnqi gong- 

ming 

chore n i jiawu zashi 2 

fawei de gongzuo, 
fanren de zashi 

choreography n ftl® licit wudao shejl 
chortle I v gege de xiao 

ge buting II n gege de 

xiaosheng 

chorus n 1 -n HI %k hechangdui 2 -n P1SP 
it hechang bufen 



in chorus qishengshuo 

chose See choose 
chosen I v See choose II adj 
bei xuanzhdng de 
God's chosen people 
Shangdi de zTmin 

chow I n 1 Ht#f shiwu 2 shTzigou 
II v (to chow down) 
langtun huyan de chi 
Christ n ®1f JTdu, YesG 

christening n xTIT mlng- 

ming yishi 

Christian n JTdu jiaotu 

Christianity n JTdujiao 

Christmas n Shengdanjie 

Christmas carol Shengdan 

zange 

Christmas Day Shengdanjie 

Christmas eve Shengdanye, ¥ 

ping'an ye 

chromosome n ranseti 

chronic adj 1 manxing de 2 “F: 

changqT de, fanfu 

fazuo de 

a chronic gambler HttH dugun, puts! 
dutu 

chronically adv changqT de 

the chronically ill -fcfflifeWjA 
changqT huanbing de ren 
chronicle I n bian nianshi II v iS 

icAh5^jizai ru lishT 
chronological adj / ftflUjilOT 

anzhao niandai/shijian shunxu 
pailie de 

chronology n AW^! dashl nianbiao 
chrysanthemum n juhua 

chubby adj pangdudu de 

chuck v suishou reng 

chuckle I v dTsheng de xiao 

II n dTsheng de xiao, anxiao 

chug v huanman xingshT 

chump n shagua 

chunk n ^A^ yi da kuai 
chunky adj da kuai de 
church n 1 jiaohui 2 jiaotang 

churlish adj culu de, bu 

youhao de 



286 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



churn v [PfJt+l [wei IT+] julie 

jiaoddng 

to churn up JS!j&Ji8H julie fanteng 
chute n huayundao, xie zao 

CIA (= Central Intelligence Agency) 
abbrev ( US ) (Meiguo) 

Zhongyang Qfngbaoju 
cider n pfngguozhT, 

pfngguojiu 

cigar n IOjp ( ‘iS ) xuejia (yan) 
cigarette n xiangyan [m. wd zhl] 
a pack of cigarettes yi bao 

xiangyan 

cinch I n 1 yfding 

hui fasheng de shi, 
feichang rongyi zuo de shi 2 ~ 

yfding hui zuo mou shi de ren 
II v 1 quebao 2 ji jin daizi 

cinder n meizha, tanzha 
cinema n dianyingyuan 

cinematography n 
dianying sheying yishu 
cinnamon n l^lt£ rougui 
cipher, cypher n i mima 2 
wuzu qlngzhong de ren 
circle I n @111 yuanquan 
to draw a circle jfrJUIISI hua yuanquan 
II v #-_tialHII zai...shang hua 
yuanquan 

circuit n 1 dianlu 2 MIUMtlj ( i# 

ML ) xunhuf yanchu (jiangzud, 

bisai deng) 

circuit board feJMtdianluban, EPJffll^L 
yinshua dianlu 

circuit breaker duanluqi 

circular 1 adj @1 ( yuan (xfng) de 
circular saw EfLAfrUII^ diandong yuanju 
circular 2 n 1 r'c-r guanggaozhi 2 ® 

£tl tongzhT 

circulate v 1 '/jftM liutong 2 &1tff liuchuan 
circulation n 1 xueye xunhuan 

2 &1l® liutong 

circumcision n i iH&i'fiW baopf 
huanqie 2 $j#isUI$S yTndi qiechu 
circumference n zhouchang 

circumscribe v yueshu, PHi&J 
xianzhi 



claimant 

circumspect adj iM'K jinshen, 
kaoluzhoudao de 
circumstance n fffft qfngkuang, 
chujing 

under no circumstances %!tzF juebu 
circumstantial adj jianjie de 
circumstantial evidence IsJ^ilH^ jianjie 
zhengju 

circus n 1 maxituan, maxi 
cistern n chu shuixiang 
citation n i [?£Sl+] [fating +] 

chuanpiao 2 iulft#- 

[weizhang tfngche+] fakuandan 3 
jiajiangzhuang 4 ^I^Cyfnwen 
cite v 1 f#itl chuanxun 2 jiajiang 
3 ^lilH yfnzheng 

citizen n 1 gongmfn 2 rfT ^ shimfn 
citizenship n gongmfn 

shenfen, felX gongmfnquan 
citrus adj ganju lei shufguo 

city n M cheng, Miff chengshi 
city council shizheng yihui 

city hall shizhengtTng 

civic adj 1 gongmfn de 2 

shizheng de 

civics n gongmfn ke 

civil adj gongmfn de, 

mfnyong de 

civil engineering tumu 

gongcheng 

civil lawsuit mfnshi anjian 

civil rights gongmfn quanli 

civil service zhengfu 

wenzhf bumen 
civilian n pfngmfn 

civilization n wenmfng 
civilized adj wenmfng de 

clad adj chuan...yifu de 

claim I v 1 iA^ll renlfng 2 sheng- 
cheng 3 [+KcHI?] suoqu [+pei- 

chang] II n i suopei 

claim form suopei 

shenqingbiao 

2 shengcheng, shengmfng 

3 fXf’J quanli 

claimant n [^:!i!p+] ^ in A [suopei+] 
shenqingren 



287 




clairvoyant 

clairvoyant n 

shengcheng you chaoren dongchali 
de ren 

clam I n 1 Ap4f! geli 2 
chenmo guayan de ren II v 
bikou buyan 

clamber v ^^pandeng 
clamor n I chao rang sheng 2 US 

qianglie yaoqiu 

clamp I n A^jiaju, jiaqian II v A 
'M jia jTn 

clampdown n qudi, yanjin 
clan n 1 AWk da jiazu 2 ^ zongzu 

clandestine adj mi ml de 
clang v fachu dTngdangsheng 

clank v fachu danglangsheng 

clap I v ft^- paishou, guzhang 
II n 1 paishousheng, 

guzhangsheng 2 P|“Jft xiangsheng 
a clap of thunder Ifl'WiAli'A hong long 
de leisheng 

clarification n Mff chengqTng 
clarify v Mif chengqTng 
clash I v 1 fasheng chongtu 2 ^ 

ftUd bu xiangpei II n 1 chongtu 
2 #-i£ zhenglun 

clasp I n 1 $>hp gouzi, ft^F kouhuan 2 ^ 
M jin wo II v ^SftjinjTn wozhu, ft 
ft kouzhu 

class n i J!£ [xuexiao] ban, jf, 
banjf 2 iJi ( ) ke (cheng) 3 fifr 

IK jiejf 

middle class zhongchan jiejf 

4 dengji 
to travel first class 
( ) cheng toudengcang feijT 
(hud lunchuan) 

classic I adj £2#^ jTngdian de, 
dianxfng de 

a classic case dianxfng shfli 

II n jTngdian zuopTn 

classical adj [jb^ / zlA+] 
[wenxue/yishu+] jTngdian de, T*fjW*J 
gudian de 

classical music gudian yTnyue 

classification n i fenlei 2 
leibie, dengji 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



classified adj 1 fenlei de 2 fSMSflft 

baomi de, jTmi de 

classified ad fenlei guanggao 

classroom n jiaoshi [m. wd (SJ jian], 

ketang [m. wd |i|J jian] 
classy adj illff gaodang de, itiiM 
gaojf de 

clatter I v fachu kada sheng 

II n kada sheng 

clause n 1 ( ft# ) %kfik (falu) tiaokuan 
2 ft ft congju, ^*ft fenju 
claustrophobia n i^lW^tHSE youbi 
kongjuzheng 

claw n 1 ft zhua, -!=»ft niaozhua 2 felT 
qTdTngqi 

clean I adj ganjing de, if inPft 
qTngjie de 2 ^ftft ( 

) shoufa de (bu xTdu, bu dai wuqi 
deng) 3 gongping de, JUinl^ 

lianjie de 

a clean bill of health MJltilEH/f 
jiankang zhengmfng, ( 

^ (jTqi, jianzhuwu deng) 
anquan zhengmfng 
to come clean iBSftHtanbai renzui 
II v nong ganjing III adv 

( Jtil ) wanquan (de) 
cleaner n ?#ftX qTngjiegong 
cleanse v iift; qTngxT 
cleanser n qTngxTji 

clean-shaven adj huzi 

gua de hen ganjing de 
cleanup n Aftl^ dasaochu 
cleai I adj 1 if qTngche de, 
mfngliang de 2 iffIPRj qTngchu de, 
mfngbai de II v shoushi 

ganjing 

clearance n i xuke 

security clearance anquan 

shencha 
2 ? nM qTngIT 

clearance sale if qTngcang 
paimai 

clear-cut adj mfngxian de, 
xianzhu de 

clear-headed adj ^c®if tounao 

qTngxing de 



288 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



dogs 



clearing n ( (shulfn 
zhong) xiao kuai kongdi 
clearly adv I qTngchu de 2 BjfMitii 

mfngxian de, xianran de 

clear-sighted adj WJALiJ^J you jianshi de 
cleat n 1 fanghuaxie 2 

fanghuatiao [m. wd ^ tiao] 
cleavage n 1 fenqf 2 fL'^J rugou 

cleave:] n $J $177 duoroudao 
clef n IIH* puhao 
cleft n 1 liefeng 2 D3JK aohen 
clemency n EftfUtr+l iAjli&L'Ji [dui 
zuixfng+] congkuan chuli, jHA kuanda 
clench v wojTn quantou 

to clench one's teeth ^x'M^ 3c yaojin 
yaguan 

clergy n #3RAia shenzhf renyuan 
clerical adj 1 shenzhf ren- 
yuan de 2 banshiyuan de, 

wenshu de 

clerk n TJ'9-iq banshiyuan, IRM zhfyuan 
file clerk dang'an guanIT 

yuan 

clever adj congming de 

cliche n 1 SFftiS laoyftao de hua, 
chencf landiao 2 

chenfu de xiangfa, laosheng 

changtan 

click I v 1 fachu kadasheng 

2 ( ) ,&iir (diannao shubiao) 

dianjT 3 turan mfngbai, 

kaiqiao II n kadasheng 

client n 1 M-P kehu, JM^r guke 2 IWjW 
1^. jiuji duixiang 
cliff n MM xuanya 
climactic adj gaochao de 

climate n i r/m^+l [wendai+] qihou 
2 [baoshou de+] fengqi 

climax I n gaochao II v 

dadao gaochao 

climb v 1 iPH: pandeng, 11^ pa 2 [ffH&+] 
[jiage+] pansheng, ATT* shangsheng 
clinch v zuizhong yfngde 

to clinch a deal it&/E3cJg qiaoding 
jiaoyi 

clincher n / fr^fj 

guanjian de shlshf lundian/xfngddng 



cling (pt & pp clung) v 
pTnming de zhuazhu 
clingy adj ji^f£l^f&A#J guoyu yTlai 
taren de, yilaixing te 

qiang de 

clinic n lim menzhensuo 
clinical adj i [+$$&] Ifnchuang de 

[+shiyan] 2 &FJrM t+lfJS] zhensuo de 
[+guanlT] 3 [+$L&] juedui 

lengjing de [+guandian] 
clink v fachu cflngdang sheng 

to clink their glasses pengbei 
cli Ini hufxfngzhen 2 jiazi 

3 MM? ( RiM ) dianyfng (dianshi) 
pianduan II v 1 jiazhu 2 tUfT [+ 
jian xia [+baoshang de 

wenzhang] 

clipboard n i [%flt+] ISfWMS [diannao+] 
jiantieban 2 you jiazi 

de shuxie ban 
clippers n xiujianqi 
clipping n jianbao 

clique n xiaojftuan 

clitoris n yTndi 
cloak I n 1 i&M pTfeng [m. wd W jian] 

2 WrP huangzi, lit H: yangai 
under the cloak of 
dazhe...de huangzi 
II v yangai 

cloakroom n WII'b] yTmaojian 
clobber v W$k meng zou, WT hen da 
clock I n zhong [m. wd zuo/K zhl] 
clock radio shouyTnjT 

naozhong 

around the clock 0^ riye 

to set one's clock for JElM#???!]"- ba 

naozhong kaidao... 

II v jixia...de sudu/ 

shfjian 

to clock in/out tTHAfcJff / TSi daka 
shangban/xiaban 

clockwise adj, adv an 

shun shfzhong fangxiang 
anti-clockwise an fan 

shfzhong fangxiang 
clog v PHH zuse, i$M duse 
clogs n mu tuoxie 




clone 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



clone I n 1 wuxing fanzhi, 

kelong 2 {TjifrJtll fangzhi jT II v i 

shi... wuxing fanzhi, kelong 

2 daoyong [+shoujT 

haoma] 

close I adj 1 jin, jiejin 
in close quarters [££#+] fi4Hi£c [zhu 
de+] hen kaojin 

2 qTnmi de II v 1 ^ guan, 
guanbi 2 jieshu 

to close ranks tuanjie qilai 

3 shoupan III adv jiejin de 

close by &IMc zai fujin 

IV n ^Mjiewei 

to come to a close jieshu 
closed adj 1 fXPtl#/E^A [+#iX] jin 
xian teding de ren [+huiyi] 
behind closed doors bu 

gongkai de, mimi de 

2 guanbi de, ftftil^ fengbi de 

closely adv 1 miqie de 

[+guanzhu], yanmi de 2 

jin'aizhe, jTnjiezhe 

close-mouthed adj shou 

kou ru ping de 
closet n It® bichu 
to be in the closet i5i^li 
% fouren zijY shi tongxinglianzhe 
to come out of the closet 
^ chengren zijT shi 

tongxinglianzhe 

close-up n texie zhaopian 

closure n i guanbi 2 fengbi 

clot I n ( iflix (xue, niunai 

deng) ningkuai II v ( ifiLx 4^^ ) W&n 
(xue, niunai deng) ningjie cheng 

kuai 

cloth n W4 buliao, maoliao 
clothe v 1 A-"iif£AJill wei...tigong yTfu 
2 gei...chuan yT 

clothes n AHU yTfu [m. wd # jian] 
work clothes gongzuofu 

clothesline n liangyTsheng 

clothing n fuzhuang 

cloud I n zic yun [m. wd duo] 
under a cloud ‘jkMtnM. shoudao caiyf 
II v 1 shi...bian de 



mohu buqTng 2 sKL.hutu 3 fill 

shi...meng shang ylnying 
clouc adj 1 duoyun de, $] yin 

2 mohu de 

clout n [in$r+] [jTngji+] quanshi, [2& 
?r+] i£fl|“J A [zhengzhi+] yingxiangli 
clover n sanyecao, a* ?i muxu 
clown n 1 <h3L xiaochou, 3 LM choujue 
2 taoyan jiahuo 

club I n i julebu 2 ( ) W£ 

(zhTpai) meihua 3 A# dabang [m. wd 
gen] II v yong gunbang da 

clubhouse n 1 julebu 

huisuo 2 ( WMtf ) ) llAill (tiyuchang) 
gengylshi 

cluck v 1 [#$|+] [mujT+] 

fachu gege sheng 2 [A+] 

[ren +] fachu zeze sheng 
clue I n 1 xiansuo [m. wd ^ tiao] 
to have no clue — yiwusuozhT 
2 tishi II v tl tigong xiansuo 
clump I n i — yf cu shumu 2 — * 
WSih yi kuai nftu II v nfngjf 

cheng kuai 

clumsy adj 1 [+HAj benzhuo de 

[+ nan ren] 2 [+^1^] cuzhi 

lanzao de [+wenzhang] 
clung See cling 
clunky adj benzhong de 
cluster I n $ chuan, zu, qun II v ^ 
$¥ chengqun 

clutch I v jTnjin wozhu II n i 

( ^ (qiche) liheqi 2 'MM 
jTnwo 3 — ' / Mll yi xiao cu 
clutter I v duTman, ££$ saiman 
II n zaluan wuzhang 

de dongxi 
free of clutter 

meiyou zaluan wu zhang de dongxi 
cm (= centimeter) See centimeter 
coach 1 I n ^jiaolian II v fudao, iHI 
xunlian 

coach 2 n 1 changtu qiche 2 ( 

fJl ) Ife (feijT) jTngjicang 
coagulate v shi... ningjie 

coal n M mei [m. wd kuai] 
coal mine meikuang 



290 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



coin 



coal tar meijiaoyou 

coalfield n meitian 

coalition n lianmeng, SW tong- 

meng 

coalition government o'il&Jff lianhe 
zhengfu 

coarse adj i OTiEft l+^Cft] cucao de [+yT- 
liao] 2 [+ia s’] cusu de [+yuyan] 

coast I n hai'an 

Coast Guard ( ftS ) ISdEI^ 
(Meiguo) Hai'an Jingweidui 
II v ( ) ftfr (qiche hud 
zlxingche) huaxing 
coastal adj jinhai de, 

yanhai de 

coaster n i Iffl beidian 2 

yanhai an hangxfng de chuanzhT 
coastline n hai'anxian 

coat I n i waiyT, day! 2 
shangzhuang 

coat of arms wenzhang, IS - '# 

dunhuT 

coat rack i&fcM guayfjia 
II v tu yiceng 

coax v %J]i% quanyou, Oft hong 
cob n yumi bangzi xin 

corn on the cob Xzl^X yumi bangzi 
cobbled adj pu eluanshi de 

cobbler n i AJIctfli# shuiguo xianbing 
2 fiJ?®£E xiuxiejiang 
cobblestone n WStt eluanshi 
cobra n yanjingshe 

cobweb n zhlzhuwang 

Coca-Cola n Kekoukele 

cocaine n kekayln 

cock n 1 gongjl [m. wd R zhl] 2 
xiong niao [m. wd R zhl] 3 jfba 
cock-and-bull story / faP 

huangtang de gushi/jiekou 
cockeyed adj i wai de, 

qTngxie de 2 huangmiu de, 

bu qie shiji de 

cockpit n ( (feijT) jiashi 

cang, ( (saiche) jiashi zuo 

cockroach n zhanglang 

cocktail n 1 jTweijiu 

cocktail party ^IMM^jTwei jiuhui 



2 lengpan [m. wd M dao], 

seafood cocktail haixian 

lengpan 

3 j&l&fiEIl weixian de hunhewu 
Molotov cocktail 

Mdludtuofu qiyoudan 
cocky adj li § Afft zigao zida de 
cocoa n kekefen 

coconut n Wd 1 yezi [m. wd R zhl] 
cocoon I n 1 HjK canjian, jian 2 tfiii 
shush! anquan de difang 
|| v#-"/ 112 ^^^ jiang...yanmi baohu 
C.O.D (= cash on delivery, collect on de- 
livery) abbrev huodaofukuan 

cod n IfjiL xueyu [m. wd tiao] 
code I n 1 bianma, you- 

zheng bianma 2 ( ) ^#4 (diannao) 

bianma 3 xingwei zhunze 

code of conduct/ethics frAEMJ xing- 
wei zhunze 

code of practice frJdfUil!) hangye 
zhunze 

code word daima, dai cheng 
II v bianma 

co-ed adj nannu tongxiao de 

coerce v 3S3IL qiangpo, ii.f^ poshT 
coexist v ( (heping de) 

gongcun 

coffee n kafei [m. wd # bei] 

black coffee bu jia 

niunai de kafei 

coffee break gongjian xiuxi 

coffin n guancai 

cog n chilun 

cogent adj ^AfsJiHl^J lingren xinfu de 
cognac n ( (ganyi) bailandi 
cohabit v SM weihun tongju 

cohabitation n Aif SM weihun tongju 
coherence n i ^S'I4 tiaolTxing 2 'MM. 
jj ningjuli 

coherent adj you tiaolT de 

cohesion n MMtJ ningjuli 
coil I v (to coil up) panrao, M 
chanrao II n 1 QzM [dianlu+] 

xianquan 2 yiquan, yi juan 
coin I n SJirfj yingbi [m. wd mei] II v 'fell 
iia l+Hri^lin] chuangzao [+xTnciyu] 



291 




coincide 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



coincide v 1 |s|BA£lA tongshi fasheng 
2 yi'zhi, xiangfu 
coincidence n *5 qiaohe 
by coincidence ffiFj pengqiao 
coincidental adj Fj qiaohe de 
coke n MM jiaotan, M‘$i jiaomei 
Coke See Coca-cola 
colander n lupen 

cold I adj 1 & leng, hanleng 
cold sore dongchuang 

cold war lengzhan 

2 lengmo de, bu 

youhao de II n 1 ganmao, 
shangfeng 2 hanleng 

cold-blooded adj 1 L+Aj lengku 

de [+ren], haobu liuqing de 

2 &]liLl!Kj 1+^fJ^J] lengxue de [+dongwu] 
cold-hearted adj tieshi 

xTnchang de, haowu 

tongqfngxTn de 

coleslaw n liangban 

juanxlncaisl 

colic n MMiM fu jiaotong 
collaborate v i hezuo 2 ASfcA OjYE 
yu diren hezuo, tongdi 
collaboration n i 'aW hezuo 2 
tongdi 

collage n £#0!M pTntiehua 
collapse I v 1 turan daoxia, f* 1 J 

Ji daota 2 1 / 3 lit bengkui, kuadiao 

II n 1 l/i?it bengkui, kuadiao 2 

daota 3 hundao 

collapsible adj ke zhedie de 

a collapsible chair zhedieyT 
collar I n 1 ITngzi, yiling 2 MHI 

jTngquan II v 1 ( ) IlSftlH (gei 
dongwu) dai jTngquan 2 jM* dai zhu, 
ifftfS zhuabu 

collarbone n suogu 
collate v jiaodui, hedui 

collateral n JWpp dTyapTn 
colleague n |sff tongshi 
collect v 1 shouji 2 juji 

collected adj 1 [+f^tm] shouji 

cheng de [+zuopTn] 2 IS/eG*J zhending 
de, buhuang bumang de 

collectible, collectable n 



you shoucang jiazhi de dongxi, ife 
shoucangpTn [m. wd \*¥ jian] 
collection n 1 i&il shoucang 2 tilfc 
juankuan 

collective adj jitT de, 
gongtong de 

collective bargaining jitT tanpan 

collector n 1 ifctfcA shoukuanren, 
jianpiaoyuan 2 tfxMM shouzangzhe, lift 
WM shoucangjia 

college n 1 A^ daxue 2 xueyuan 
college of the arts and humanities A 
renwen yishu xueyuan 
collide v i xiangzhuang 
to collide head-on iQIMtM yingmian 
xiangzhuang 
2 chongtu 

collie n ^M^^A ke IT muyangquan 
collision n i [$$$+] tlUti [cheliang+] 
xiangzhuang 2 [Mfe] [liang pai+] 
chongtu 

on a collision course 

#you fasheng chongtu de qushi 
colloquial adj Piafft kouyu de 
colloquialism n P iui^JiS kouyu ciyu, P 
iuf^ kouyutT 

collude v goujie, gongmou 

collusion n goujie, gongmou 
colon n i jiechang 2 iS^maohao (:) 
colonel n shangxiao [m. wd fu wei] 

colonial adj zhimin de, 

zhimin shiqT de 

colonize v tfe kaituo...wei 

zhimin di 

colony n SKftk zhimindi 
colo I n 1 yanse 

color scheme feMWi i+ secai sheji 
2 lianse II gei...tu 

shang yanse, Afe shangse III adj 
caise de 

color TV caise dianshi 

colorblind adj semang de 

color-coordinated adj M&WTO 
yanse xietiao de 

colorfast adj bu tuise de 

colorful adj 1 I secai 

xianyan de [+fuzhuang] 2 



292 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



commend 



fengfu duocai de [+shenghuo], 
shengdong youqu de 
coloring n I ijlfe tianse, ii'fe shangse 
2 shfybngsesu 

coloring book tianseshu 
colorless adj wuse de, 

wu quwei de, TicW^fe^Cl^ meiyou 
shengqi de 

colossal adj IelA^J juda de 
colossus n pangran dawu, Hi 

A juren 

colt n xiao gongma [m. wd E pi], 

xiong maju [m. wd Ek pT] 
column n 1 lllliyuanzhu,^^ zhuzi 
2 ( flx^ft ) (baozhT) zhuanlan 3 ( % 

^ ) SAIA (junshi) zongdui 
columnist n zhuanlan zuojia 

coma n fpTzli hunmi 
in a coma chu yu hunmi 

zhuangtai, hunmi zhlzhong 

comatose adj 1 [+#oA] hunmi de 

[+bingren] 2 jiqi pijuan, 

iHj daizhi de 

comb I n 1 fjiti 1 shuzi 2 ( 

(gongjT de) jlguan 3 fengchao, #1 
M fengfang II v shu, shulT 
combat I n i^ 4 * zhandou 
killed in combat si yu 

zhandou, zhenwang 

II v yu...zuozhan 

combination n 1 1cn - lianhe 2 iB. o' zuhe 
a winning combination 
chenggong de zuhe 
combination lock mimasuo 
combine v 1 in 4 jiehe, iB.'a zuhe 2 'M'a 
hunhe, Yc pf huahe 
combustion n Wfk, ranshao 
come (pt came; pp come) v lai, 
daolai 

to come across filiAl pengjian, iMJ'J 
yudao 

come on! tfe/£UL! Kuai dianr! ftT! 
Xingle! 

comeback n fuhuo, 
dongshan zai qT 

comedian n xTju yanyuan, Tit 

M xiexlng 



comedown n AH shTluo, shlshi 
comedy n Hlft xTju 
come-on n ^141 gouyin, MM tiaodou 
comet n STM huixTng 
comfort I n 1 AEt anwei 2 IFill shushi 
in comfort If shushi 
3 (creature comforts) 
shT shenghuo shushi de dongxi II v AEt 
anwei 

comfortable adj 1 IfJJH shufu, Ifiii 
shushi 2 14 FE zizai, bu jushu 

comforter n beizi [m. wd ^ tiao] 
comfy adj shushi de 

comic I adj huajT de 

comic book JLlSiliJTilj ertong lian- 
huanhua 

comic strip lianhuan manhua 

II n 1 IflrlMM xTju yanyuan 2 JLjliiiFI' 
iSj ertong lianhuanhua 
comical adj huajT de, 

kexiao de 

comma n douhao ( , ) 
command I v 1 isW zhThuT 2 ^r4* 
mingling II n 1 YbW zhThuT 2^4 
mingling 3 bTngtuan 4 

zhangwo, yunyong nengli 

to have a good command of Chinese 
juyou hen haode 

Zhongwen nengli 

commandant n ^J 4 W sTIingguan, imW 
Hf zhihuTguan [m. wd Yl wei/45 ming] 
commanding adj 1 l+W-'U] zhThuT 

de [+junguan] 2 [+P^] weiyan 

de [+kouqi] 3 [+LU H#] 

jugao linxia de [+shanfeng] 4 
6^1 yaoyao ITng xian de 
commandment n jielu 
the Ten Commandments ( ^5 ) ~Hl£ 
(ShengjTng) shijie 
commando n ^^IA tujTdui, 
tezhong budui 

commemorate v jinian 
commemorative adj jinian de 

commence v TBn kaishT 
commencement n 1 Mn kaishT 2 
HIL biye dianIT 

commend v % gongkai biaoyang, 

293 




commendable 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



zanyang 

commendable adj zhide 

zanyang de 

commensurate adj xiangchen 
de, xiangying de 

comment I v yilun, Wit pinglun 

II n yilun, i¥i£ pinglun 
commentary n [qiusai 

de+] xianchang jieshuo, [UrP56*J+] 

Jixii! [xTnwen de+] shikuang baodao 
running commentary 
xianchang pingjie 

commentator n jieshudyuan 
commerce n shangye, W# shangwu 

commercial I adj Wikft shangye de 
commercial break Bffi guanggao 
shijian 

II n dianshi guanggao 

commercialize v fanlHt shangyehua 
commiserate v ^tfI^'I# biaoshi 
tongqing 

commission I n i [$£#+] UMA 
[shuiwu+] weiyuanhui 2 [ftJ!A+] ffflik 
[dailiren+] yongjTn 3 [^nS*flftfl*J+] zijA 
pp [zhuanmen dingzuo de] yishupTn 
in commission [+¥®d] reng 

zai fuyi de [+junjian] 

II v 1 Hit [+M^z!IAph] weituo [+zh'izuo 
yishupTn] 2 Jf shouyu junxian 
commissioner n fuze zhang- 

guan 

commit v 1 f&ifl: baozheng, t^IM cheng- 
dan 

to commit oneself to baozheng 

2 #iU fuchu 3 IB ( II / fiiM ) fan (zui/ 
cuowu) 

to committ a felony fan zhong- 
zui 

commitment n i 7?u|j chengnuo 2 
fengxian, jingye jTngshen 

committed adj xianshen de, 

(ft j'inzhf de 

committee n HMA weiyuanhui 
commodity n fjfpp shangpTn 
common adj 1 ^I^^J gongtong de 2 ia 
putong de 

to have something/nothing in com- 



mon with he... 

youxie/meiyou gongtongdian 
common sense ^iRchangshf 
3 #jAL6tl changjian de 
common cold ^0 ganmao 
common-law adj putongfa 
common-law marriage 
shishi hunyln, tongju guanxi 

commonplace adj pingchang de, 

buzu wei qi de 

commonwealth n nanhetT, 3&#l$ 

lianbang 

British Commonwealth ( A ) 

(Da) YTng lianbang 

commotion n B'blM chaonao, ftliSl hunluan 
communal adj gonggong de, & 

gongyong de 

commune I n gongshe II v 3C$rL 
jiaoliu 

communicate v i ?£j® gdutong, 
jiaoliu 2 [# 5 #c+] [liji+] chuanran 

communications n i [Sltt+] 

[xiandai+] tongxun shouduan 2 [^>1+] 
[xuexi+] chuanmeixue 
communion n 1 qinggan 

slxiang jiaoliu 2 ^#1$^ Shengcan yishi 
Holy Communion Shengcan 

yishi 

communique n gongbao 

communist n Gongchan 

zhuyizhe, Gongchandang 

dangyuan 

community n i l±E shequ 

community service shequ 

fuwu 

2 qunti, gongzhong 
community property 
fuql gongyou caichan 
commute I v yuanjuli 

shangxiaban II n C 
I'b] (yuanjuli) shangxiaban de shijian 
commuter n yuanjuli 

shangxiaban de ren 

compact I adj /hflo xiao er jTncou 
de II n 1 xiaoxing qiche [m. wd 

Wl liang] 2 huazhuang fenhe 

III v ya jin 



294 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



companion n i H# tongban 2 [ifciST+] 
A® [luyou+j shouce 
companionship adj A# you ban, hM 
ttJfi youhaowanglai 

comp n 1 gongsT[M. wd ICjia] 

listed company AttAS-AJ shangshi 
gongsT 

2 iSttt jiaowang, Puff peiban 3 Nff 

tongban, RUM. pengyou 

to fall into bad company JcTiWUSA 

jiaole huai pengyou 

4 fr A keren, itr# fangke 

to expect company ®??Ailij5l5 deng 

keren daolai 

comparable adj 3tfEl® leisl de, "I IHSe 
ke xiangti blnglun de 
comparative adj i fW® xiangdui de 
2 ( ^AftJF^EZT ffi ) Ttff® (xueshu 
yanjiu fangmian) bTjiao de 
comparative literature ttSAff ( W 
% ) bTjiao wenxue (yanjiu) 
compare v th bT, tfcSE bTjiao 
comparison n t t® bTjiao 
by comparison ttttAT xiangbT zhT xia 
compartment n i ffHiaJ tenge jian 
2 ( AIA / AAff ) Tift (feijT/huoche 
deng) cang 

first-class compartment 
toudengcang 

compass n 1 LaSft l+ja Bf] zhTnanzhen 
[-HzhTlu] 2 EISyuanguT 
compassion n US$8® Iff IfrA' qianglie de 
tongqingxTn 

adj fflfflij'C,'® you 

tongqingxTn de 

compassionate leave sTshijia, 
'ffiffiz sangjia 

compatibility n jianrongxing 

compatible I adj ff® jianrong de, — 
K® yizhi de II n flffrlJL jianrong jT 
compatriot n Rlffitongbao 
compel v qiangpo 
compelling adj AA'T'ff'FffiS® 
lingren budebu zhuyi de, ftiWTB® 
jiwei youqu de 

a compelling reason ®?8®®4 
qianglie de ITyou 



complication 

compendium n AA daquan 
compensate v i RfS peichang 2 
mibu 

compensation n S@S peichang [m. wd 
la bT] , 18 j§A peichangjTn [m. wd A bT] 
compete n 1 iSs# jingzheng 2 Pit# 
canjia bTsai 

competence n n&tl nengli 
competent adj fftDA® i you nengli de. 
Tic Jiff T® neng shengren de 
competition n i i’S'jT jingzheng 2 It 
A bTsai 

competitive adj ffScffA® you 
jingzhengli de 

competitor n SssNj jingzhengzhe, ## 
Tif cansaizhe 

compilation n 06® huibianji 
compile v ?C£6 huibian, £68 bianji 
complacent adj §S® ziman de, A'S 
.wfff® xTn manyi de de 
complain v 1 StJf tousu 2 Tfiff baoyuan 

I can't complain. Haisuan 

bucud. 

complaint n 1 LB® baoyuan 2 KiJf 
tousu 3 ( tSA® ) A iff (bingren de) 
zhusu 

complement I n i fl- 3 t Wo ( ® A ) 

buchong wu (hud ren) 2 AS quanshu 

II v f j'-ft chentuo 

complementary adj #J£® buchong de 
complete I adj TaIA® wanquan de, ASP 
® quanbu de II v jut® wancheng 
completely adv juAidl wanquan de, ffd 
tiST'tl! chedT de 

completion n wancheng 
complex I adj %.tH fuza II n STASiSfff 
zonghe jianzhuqun 
movie complex f® A ®© WL zonghe 
yTngjuyuan 

complexion n Hfe mianse 
complexity n LI ALT. fuzaxing 
compliant adj lEiL® fucong de, JULIA® 
shuncong de 

complicate v shL.fuza 

complicated adj USt® fuza de 
complication n i fuzaxing 2 

SE bingfazheng 



295 




compliment 

compliment n, v chengzan, 

zanmei 

complimentary adj i chengzan 

de 2 zengsong de, 

mianfei de 

compliments n |n]{!^ wenhou, zhiyi 
comply v TUtF zunshou, HUM. fucong 
component n zucheng bufen 

compose v 1 zucheng 

to be composed of you... 

zucheng 

2 ^ xie, puxie 
composed adj pingjing de 
composer n zuoquzhe, fa&W. 
zuoqujia 

composite I adj pTnhecheng de 

II n hunhewu 

composition n i £@.jr£ [hua- 

xue chengfen+] zucheng 2 [^£l^J+] 
[xuesheng de+] zuowen 3 [ ; h^+] fa 
pb [yTnyue+] zuopTn 
compost n duTfei 
composure n ISaE zhending, T## lengjing 
compound I n i dayuan, 
changdi 2 ft huahewu, 
hunhewu 3 M.'aM fuheci II v 1 
shT hunhe 2 shT ehua 3 

jisuan full III adj 1 Jt'wfft fuhe de 2 H 
chongfu de 

compound interest full 
comprehend v MM ITjie, #1# ITngwu 
comprehension n MM ITjie, Mp ITngwu 
comprehensive adj ik$i zonghe de, 
quanmian de 

compress v HE^fl yasuo, Hi'M ya jin 
comprise v & you... zucheng 
compromise I n 3cM> tuoxie 
to make compromises ih^ rangbu 
II v 1 tuoxie, rangbu 2 jMlr 
sunhai 

to compromise oneself Mlrfl B 
sunhai zijT, jMillli sunhai zijT 

de xingxiang 

compromisin adj buguangcai 

de, you shT tTmian de 

compulsion n i qianglie 

chongdong 2 3Sii, qiangpo 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



compulsive adj you 

qianglie chongdong de, SilLttfltl 
qiangpo xing de 

a compulsive gambler IStfMttMA 
dubo chengxing de ren 
compulsory adj rK'Mtftffi bixu zuo de, 
qiangpo xing de 
compulsory (school) subject 
KB xuexiao bixiuke mu 
compunction n rtJX neijiu, fit# houhui 
computation n i+3f jisuan, 
jisuan de jineng 
compute v jisuan 

computer n vNffJl jisuanjT, diannao 
computer game diannao 

youxi 

computer literate hui 

shTyong jisuanjT de 

computing n jisuanjT caozuo 

comrade n 1^1^ tongzhi 
con I v qTpian, faWi zhapian II n 
qlpian, zhapian 
con artist pianzi 

concave adj IHIffi^J aomian de 
a concave mirror aotoujing 
conceal v EtJic yTncang 
concealment n lEiS yTncang 
concede v ( M3S ) (mianqiang) 

chengren 

conceit n IeT j/3, zifu, jiao'ao 
conceited adj zifu de, 
zigao zida de 

conceivable adj keyT 

xiangxiang de 

conceive v 1 WM [+TO1] xiangxiang 
[+zhuangkuang], xiangxin 2 

[+§dfrf£] shexiang [+xTn fangfa], 
gouxiang 3 ff'lp huaitai 
concentrate I v i Mfa jizhong 2 
zhuanxTn, jizhong zhuyili 

II n nongsuoye, 

nongsuowu 
concentrated adj i 
nongsuo de [+shuTguozhT] 2 
quanshen guanzhu de 
to make a concentrated effort 
quanli yTfu de 



296 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



conductor 



concentration n i zhuanxTn 

zhizhi 2 ^§4* jizhong 3 WM. nongdu 
concentric adj l^hC*^ tongxTn de 
concept n gainian, guannian 
conception n I gainian, guan- 
nian 2 ft/Si gouxiang 3 'P^Jln huaitai 
conceptual adj gainian de, 

I^J guannian de 

concern I v 1 he. ..you guanxi 

2 shi... danxTn 

to be concerned with guanzhu, 
ifi'Cj* danxTn 

II n 1 ^6 guanxTn, danxTn 2 
&W guanxTn de shi 3 gongsT, dfeik 
qiye 

concerned adj i jiaolu de, tfi'frfKl 
danxTn de 2 youguan de 

as far as ... is concerned H- ifiiW 
jiu...eryan 

concerning prep guanyu 

concert n h 1 ifcz? yTnyuehui 
concert grand pingtai 

dagangqfn 

in concert with gongtong 

xfngdong 

concerted adj gongtong de, 

yfzhi de 

concession n i i tP rangbu 2 
texuquan 

concession stand /Jv§tpcd*l xiao shipin 
tan 

concierge n luguan 

fuwutai zhfyuan 

conciliation n tiaoting, MM tiaojie 

concise adj jianming de, 

jianjie de 

conclude v i jieshu 2 T£ni£ 
xiajielun, #ttj dechu jielun 

conclusion n 1 jieshu,£nM jieju 

2 jielun, EHrs duanyan 
to jump to conclusions 
qTngyi xiajielun 

conclusive adj quexin wuyi 

de, hao wuyi wen de 

concoct v 1 [+i^‘e] bianzao 

[+huangyan], jytf£j xugou 2 MdflflJ [+# 
is] peizhi [+shfpu], pTncou 



concoction n iJSf'Jpp tiaozhi pin 
concourse n izff dating 
concrete I n ffilih hunmngtu II adj 1 
iMztfitl [+^c#F] hunnfngtu de [+daqiao] 

2 [+ifjc!j] juti de [H-j'ihua] 
concur v -^•■•MiAl^iiCyu...yijian yizhi, 

wanquan zantong 

concurrent adj i tongyi de 2 1^1 
tongshi fasheng de 

concussion n 1 MM zhendang 2 W&MM 
naozhendang 

condemnation n lit *a qianze 
condensation n i ningjie 2 
shuidT 3 Bit! yasuo 

condense v i W&n ningjie 2 -EEIS yasuo 
condescending adj 
jugao linxia de, daiyou 

youyuegan de 

condiment n iJH^pp tiaoweipin 
condition I n i tiaojian 2 

qingkuang, tiaojian 3 
jiankang zhuangkuang 4 jibing 

a skin condition pifubing 
II v 1 shT...xiguan, 

shT...shiying 2 3® zhTpei, xunlian 
conditional adj you tiaojian de 

conditional upon yL.wei 

qianti 

condolence n diaoyan, ®|'p) 

weiwen 

condom n biyuntao 
condominium n gongyu, 
gdngyu lou 

condone v HAW zongrong, MW kuanrong 
conducive adj youzhu yu de 

conduct I v 1 iSrfr jinxing 2 ttH-P! dailing 

3 $bW [+^IR] zhihuT [+yuedui] 4 
[+%/^] chuan dao [+dian/re] 
to conduct oneself ^Jh juzhT, 
biaoxian 

II n 1 xfngwei, juzhT 2 
jTngying 

conductive adj 

dao dian (huo re) xingneng qiang de 
conductor n 1 [#5^+] ieW [yTnyue+] 
zhihuT 2 [jA:$+] [huoche+] 

liecheyuan 3 daoti 



297 




cone 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



cone n 1 yuanzhuTti 2 

ftl blngqilm danjuantong 3 qiuguo 

confectioner n tangguo shang 
confederation n lianmeng 

confer v 1 ffiA [yu guwen+] 

shangyi 2 shouyu 

[+jiangzhang] 
conference n huiyi 

confess v £§.& tanbai, W<-ik [+§hM] 
chengren [+cuowu] 

confession n 1 iSS tanbai, gong- 

ren 2 ( AHiifc ) ffifl (Tianzhujiao) 
chanhuT 

confetti n caise zhixie 

confidant, confidante n zhlxln 

rrriyou 

confide v P±H [+fAAf;ftS?] tulu [+sTren 
mi ml] 

confidence n 1 #f^C? xinxTn 
to have confidence in 
dui...you xinxTn 

2 quexin 3 fjtff® xinrengan 
confident adj you xinxTn de 

confidential adj JTmi de 
confidentiality n tyVM jimi 
breach of confidentiality ilJxfMSfJKWlJ 
weifan baomi yuanze 
configuration n 1 waixfng 2 tkjM 

gouzao 3 ( rtiftll ) HdS (jisuanji) peizhi 
configure v ( i+3¥tll ) Hdtt (jisuanji) 
peizhi 

confine v 1 [+jj8®<fE] jianjin [+xian- 

yifan], guanya 2 [+ff 

kongzhi [+chuanranbing], PH§!l 
xianzhi 

confinement n 1 ( 

(chanfu de) fenmian qT 2 i!a!^ jianjin, 
iAft 1 guanya 

confirm v 1 queding 2 iiE^ 
zhengshi 

neither confirm nor deny 
-til^fiAji bu zhengshi, ye bu fouren, 
bu zhi ke fou 

confirmation n 1 fiJi/E queding 2 iiE^ 
zhengshi 

confirmed adj jianding de 
a confirmed bachelor 



jianding de danshenhan, 

A juexTn daguanggun de ren 
confiscate v moshou, 
ba...chonggong 

conflict I n chongtu, :PJii maodun 
conflict of interest liyi chongtu 

II v chongtu 

conform v 1 baochf yfzhi 2 3! 

M zunxun 

conformist adj moshou 

chengguT de, xunguT daoju 

de 

confound v shT...kunhuo, {£••• 

t&iSF shi...jlngya 

confront v 1 HPIm mianlin, MM zaoyu 
2 [+m miandui [+wentf], 

duikang 

confrontation n duikang, 

chongtu 

confuse v sKL.hutu, 

ba...gaocuo 

confused adj gao hutu le 

confusing adj A$8^6*J shiren hutu de 
confusion n 1 MM kunhuo 2 ?Hi§L 
hunluan 

congeal v i§§£n nfngjie 
congenial adj 1 lingren 

shushi qTngsong de 2 heshan de 

congenital adj 1 5feA6*J xiantian de 2 A 
tiansheng de 

congested adj 1 yongjT de 2 

(ft duse de 

congestion n 1 [3£il+] [jiaotong+] 

yongjT 2 L#A+] [bizi+] duse 

conglomerate n 1 daxing 

qTye jftuan 2 hunhe ti 

congratulate v zhuhe 
to congratulate oneself ziwo 

manzu, ItlH: zihao 
congratulations n Wsn. zhuhe 
Congratulations! GongxT 

gongxi! ( fll ) ! Zhuhe nT 

(men)! 

congregate v SSjuji, S-wjuhe 
congregation n ( ffcS ) (jiaotang) 

huizhong 

congress n i daibiao dahui 

298 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



constant 



2 ( US ) IIlzs (Meiguo) Guohui, 

(HHi ) SUzHWAISt; (Meiguo) Guohui 
zhongyiyuan 

conical, conic adj yuanzhuT 

xing de 

conifer n ffUfM zhenyeshu 
conjecture n, v JfiM caice 
conjugal adj tflHM hunyln de, AiK.fi] 
M fuqT zhTjian de 

conjugal visit BdlSSiERIIr pei ou 
tanjian tongfang 

conjunction n 1 £§# jiehe, iS & lianjie 
in conjunction with "uEjS yu... 

jieheqflai 

2 tongshi fasheng 3 jSttis) 

lianjieci 

conjure v SEllA bian moshu, Sift bian 
chu 

conman n SA pianzi 
connect v lianjie 
connection n i A3R guanxi.lt® lianxi 
2 iSS lianjie 

connive v iRit moxu, 8(# zongrong 
to connive to do sth 
chuantdng qllai, eHR hemou 
connoisseur n ScKJS jianshangjia 
connotation n fAA.ylA. yfnhan yiyi 
conquest n ffiM zhengfu 
conscience n HzO liangxTn,)MNB 
shifeigan 

a guilty conscience f&®8 fuzuigan 
conscientious adj iAJtM renzhen de 
conscious adj I#m;JSJM ganjuedao de, 
'fiAS'raiM you ganjue de 
consciousness n Rni£ zhTjue, iB'ai 
ganjue 

to lose (regain) consciousness AA 
( ib:U. ) ft 1 ®; shTqu (hulfu) zhTjue 
conscript I v fiES zhengzhao II n ESfiEA 
(Tl [ jtj I; A yingzhengruwu de shibTng 
consecrate v jfcTj T-- xuanbu- -wei 
shensheng 

consecutive adj iSSIM lianxu de 
consensus n gongshi, -SStlPItL 
yizhi yijian 

consent n, v IfiHs: tongyi, AVf yunxu 
consequence n iSS houguo 



consequential adj i ftAjlAM yiyi 
zhongda de 2 BISSAM suihou 
fasheng de 

consequently adv l*lltb yTnci, suoyT 
conservation n ft® baohu, ft# baocun 
wildlife conservation SfA3l#jft® 
yesheng dongwu baohu 
conservative adj (RAM baoshoude 
conservatory n 1 iifAR^K yTnyue xue- 
yuan 2 fifi wenshi 
conserve v (Rtf’ baohu, ft# baocun 
consider v 1 #fS kaolu 2 AXf renwei 
considerable adj VM xiangdang 
duo de, fR3AM xiangdang da de 
considerate adj SJUfiJM kaolu 
zhoudao de, WWifKl tftie de 
consideration n i #ft kaolu 2 mri!%JE 
MV xuyao kaolu de shi, 12] U: yTnsu 
3 WA tiliang 

considering prep #t8SJ kaoludao, ft 
A youyu 

consign v 1 ffi-'-PSA shL.xianyu, 

V shT. . .chuyii 2 isjjl yunsong 
consignment n 1 is® yunsong 2 
yunsong de huowu 
consist v ffiU® zucheng 
to consist in zaiyu 
to consist of ft ■fflfS you. ..zucheng, 
fi® baokuo 

consistent adj — ffM yiguan de 

consistent with Ai ‘St yu.. .yizhi 

consolation n AB anwei 
consolation prize !S88=£ anweijiang 
console I v AM anwei II n fif 1 ] a kong- 
zhitai, ft#® yibiaoban 
consolidate v i nAP hebing 2 Sf.HI 
gonggu 

consonant n 'ti i’f fuyTn 
consortium n W0 caituan 
conspicuous adj MBfiM xianyan de, 31 
Ait HIM ylnren zhumu de 
conspiracy n Rjffi yTnmou 
conspire v gao yTnmou, ®rft 

mimou 

constant I adj jingchang de, V 

bubian de II n V3EMV bubian de 
shi, 'SS changshu 



299 




constellation 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



constellation n MJ® xTngzuo 
consternation n twfiAfa jTnghuang 
shTcuo, tfi® jTngkong 
constipation n f'Jifi- bianbi 
constituency n 1 iSE xuanqu 2 AS® 
zhlchizhe 

constituent n I&'j)' chengfen 
constitute v 31® zucheng, ft® gou- 
cheng 

constitution n i [MH+] [Meiguo+] 
xianfa 2 [jSftM+J fMt [qiangzhuang 
de+] tizhi 

constrain v 33® yueshu, EM xianzhi 
constraint n 33® yueshu, EM xianzhi 
constrict v ffi® yasuo, ftK shoujfn 
construct v iSSi jianzhu, ffia jianzao 
construction n itfcjli jianzao, 
jianshe 

construction paper UfeJMS caise 
houzhl 

constructive adj jianshexing de 

construe v fllr® ITjie wei 
consul n 15!® ITngshi 
consulate* n zSi^tS lingshiguan 
consult v 1 Si tO [+A®] zTxun [+zhuan- 
jia], inti, qingjiao 2 I t/klTA fill [yu 
tongshi+] cuoshang 3 jfirKI J 

chayue [+cankao zTliao] 
consultancy n Si® Ah] zTxun gongsT 
consultant n lEjSl'd] guwen [m. wo ® wei] 
consultation n 1 Si® zTxun 2 filai 
cuoshang 3 ift'Tj chayue 
consume v 1 [+ft®] haofei [+qiyou] 

2 chThe 

consumer n ift## xiaofeizhe 
consumerism n xiaofei zhuyi 

consummate I adj i KZrSSM [+s|S] 
jiyi gaochao de [+qiuyuan] 2 i*li63 [+ 
zotMIpb] wanmei de [+yishu zuopTn], 
?Mz5TitrKl wuxia ke j7 de II v 1 ffi - HI 
S®Sl shT...yuanman chenggong 2 x 
W wanhun, ffi®Aif zuocheng fOqT 
consumption n i iHSnixiaofeiliang 
2 xiaohaoliang 3 chT, i® he 

cont I v lianxi II n 1 RS lianxi 
2 ffiMjiechu 3 WiA shuren 
contact lens ylnxing yanjing 



to come into (lose) contact with S6 
■■■%£%. ( AS ) SciS gen...fasheng 
(shTqu) lianxi 

contagious adj SttfflfeKl jiechu 
chuanran de 

contain v 1 #3*1 rongna, "&S’ baohan 
2 ®M l+'BSSSI'InS] kezhi [+fennu de 
qingxu] 

container n 1 #?§ rongqi 2 
jizhuangxiang 

container ship jizhuang- 

xiang huolun 

contaminate v}E --#lt ba...nongzang, 
V§lfe wuran, US duhai 
contamination n wuran, SiS duhai 
contemplate v IT# dasuan, iAK=f it 
renzhen kaolu 

contemplation n JB# sTkao, iSffi shensT 
contemporary I adj i 3ft03 dangdai de 
2 tongshi dai de II n 

A tongshi dai de ren 
contempt n Htt mieshi, fill qTngmie 
contempt of court Jltt'ftfi mieshi 
fating 

contemptible adj SlIttlKl ke mieshi 
de, ®Ilffi3 kechT de 

contemptuous adj 81163 qTngmie de, 
#T(TJBfi*l kanbuqT de 
contend v SNfrjingzheng 
contender n iSHMs jingzhengzhe 
content I n 1 1*1# neirong 2 iR/i, manzu 
to one's heart's content A'IhiH!! jinqing 
de 

II adj ii'l TL ii*J manzu de, 88:63 manyi 
de III v ffi-'-iRfi. shT... manzu 
contention n I -31/ zhuzhang, if:. 1 ,'/, lundian 
contents n 1*1# neirong 
table of contents US mulu 
contest n, v 8# jingsai , tt# blsai 
contestant n jingzhengzhe, ## 

cansaizhe 

context n _hT3C shangxiawen 
to take sth out of context 
duanzhang quyi 

contiguous adj xianglin de 

continent n ittl zhou, APS dalu 
continental adj APSfl*) dalu de 



300 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



conversation 



continental breakfast 

Ouzhou dalu sh'i zaocan 
contingency n yiwai shljian 

contingent I adj shi 

jianglai qingkuang er ding de 
contingent upon Stifc^p- - qtijueyu... 

II n ffiltnW teqianbudui 
continual adj — EtUlM yizai chdngfu 
de, M meiwan meiliao de 

continuation n ill ® jixu 
continue v SI® jixu 

continuity n iS® lianxu, il®t'l; lianxuxing 
continuous adj i ji®M lianxu de 2 iE 
ffiSfrM zhengzai jinxing de 
contort v ffi - jSlft shT...niuqu 
contour n Ifel-VTi lunkuo, ll'K waixing 

n BifAjA zdusfhud [m. wd tt 

jian/flt pi] 

contraception n iB 7 /' biyun 
contraceptive n biyunyao, 

biyun yongju 

I n "h Rl hetong [m. wd 1ft fen] 
to bid/tender for a contract Ah' H it 
fa; wei hetong toubiao 
to enter into (terminate) a contract 
firiT ( ) "oH qianding (zhongzhT) 
hetong 

II v 1 SiTo H qianding hetong 2 S® 
jinsuo 3 IB® [+S*f] ganran [+bing] 
contraction n tt® shousuo, ®zb suoxiao 
contractor n chengbaoshang 

contractual adj B’RMS.SflS hetong 
guiding de 

contradict v yu.. .xiang 

maodun 

to contradict oneself (flEWSf zixiang 
maodun 

contraption n ( fRtPM ) (buhao 

de) xin faming 
contrary I n fflfi xiangfan 
on the contrary IEI@S zhengxiangfan 
II adj fflfiM xiangfan de 
contrast v, n Xfttb duibi 
in contrast K xiangbT zhi xia 
contravene v ISJStt xiangdT chu 
contribute v i mSK gdngxia 2 jfl#: 
juankuan 3 (Sf£ cucheng 



contribution n i iSSR gongxian 2 [## 
¥ilk+] (si A [cishan shiye+] juankuan 
contrite adj iXfSM rencuo de, jit'KM 
tonghui de 

contrive v i ffift shefa 2 6 'Jiadi 
chuangzaochu 3 iSS'J mouhua 
contro v, n fif'J kongzhi 
to control costs kongzhi 

chengben 

to control one's temper fiHS BMW 
kongzhi ziji de piqi 

control key ( i+lftll > fiftilfi! (jisuanji) 
kongzhijian 

control freak fift'JSE kongzhikuang 
control tower fiSlIflr kongzhita 
controller n Sn+AM shenji renyuan 
controversy n fttiX zhengyi, 
zhenglun 

convalesce v (T# liaoyang, KSLi&SH 
huifu jiankang, kangfu 
convalescence n HUBS kangfu qi 
convalescent I adj BtfiM kangfu de 
II n fit iSji'iA kangfu bingren 
convene v BM zhaoji, BJf zhaokai 
convenience n AfE fangbian 
convenience food ifffi#nn fangbian 
shipln 

convenience store fftSsJj; bian- 
mindian, fangbiandian 

convenient adj TfffiM fangbian de, ffif'l 
M bianli de 

convent n idlHJtlSi nuxiudaoyuan 
convention n i 'KM guanli, ?)§x isu 2 A 
# dahui 3 IV® gongyue, tftSE xieding 
the Geneva Convention 0 l*lEI»® 
Rineiwa Gongyue 

conventional adj fir^iM chuantong de, 
"SMM changgui de 
conventional wisdom ffjJSKHtft 
pubian de kanfa 
converge v (KH juji, huiji 

convergence n SI® juji, ?Cil huiji 
conversant adj ISSM shuxT de, ETS55& 
M you jfngyan de 

conversation n ztiS huihua, iililfi tanhua 
to make conversation SiSttiSiBi mei 
hua zhao hua shuo 



301 




converse 1 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



converse 1 v jiaotan 

converse 2 adj xiangfan de 
the converse xiangfan qing- 

kuang 

conversion n i zhuanhuan, 
zhuanhua 2 guTyT 3 ( ) Pftiin 
(ganlanqiu) fujia defen 
convert I v 1 [+% j ^. tc ] zhuanhuan 

[+wei Meiyuan], ffXh [+Afbii] 
zhuanhua [+wei nengliang] 2 
[+®1ftfc] shi...gu7yT [+JTdujiao] 3 
gaibian II n i&Maflll# gaibian 
xinyangzhe 

convertible I adj i [+j^rfi] 

keduihuan de [+huobi] 2 [+P*J 

'&'£] ke zhedie de [+de shafa] II n iXr 
zhe peng jiaoche 

convex adj dbftlP4 tuchu de, dbP4 tu de 
convey v 1 chuanda 2 chuan- 
song 

convict I v bei pan youzui II n 

0X11 qiufan, XI1A fanren 
conviction n i jianding de 

xinyang, ISfs jianxin 2 youzui 

panjue, /eH dingzui 
convince v shiL.xiangxin 

convinced adj Xdfs xiangxin, %\n quexin 
convivial adj A#?P4 youhao de, 

1&P*J qTngsong yukuai de 
convoluted adj Jl*fcP4 fuza de, 
hen nandong de 

convoy n chedui, l&l A chuandui 

convulse v 1 shiL.dongluan 

2 'JSM jingluan, til® chouchu 
convulsion n 1 jingluan, WJS 

chouchu 2 s&SL dongluan 
coo v 1 [pW+] [gezi+] gugu 

jiao 2 [1WA+] [qingren+] 

qlngsheng rouyu 
cook I v zuofan 
to cook the book zuo jiazhang 
II n HfJlrP chushT, chuTshlyuan 

cookie n 1 SPtftT 1 tian binggan 2 
wangluo genzong wenjian 
cool I adj 1 hao, W bang, la ku 2 
liang, <!svl& liangkuai II v bian leng, 
leng xialai 



Cool it! 'tS'tS45o Bie zhaoji, 

manmanlai. 

III n lengjing 

to keep one's cool baochi 

lengjing 

IV adv ?##ilfc lengjing de 

to play it cool lengjing duidai 

cooler n lengqueqi, X/Jcffi bTngtong 

coop I n jilong II v (be cooped up) M. 

bei kun zai, fj£:?£XE bei guan zai 
cooperate v w* hezuo, 
tongxTn xieli 

cooperative I adj hezuo de II n 

1 'a hezuoshe 2 'm hezuo 

gongyu 

co-opt v 1 shoumai, lalong 

2 qiangzhan 
coordinate I v tWI xietiao II n 

zuobiao 

coordination n tij'ijll xietiao 
cope v 1 iS# yingfu 2 chulT 
copier n fuyinjT [m. wd a tai] 
co-pilot n ( (feijT) 

fujiashiyuan 

copious adj fengfu de, AMP^J 
daliang de 

copper (Cu) n tong 
copter n See helicopter 
copulate v 3c!Sd jiaopei 
copy I v i JtEp [+45] fuyin [+shu], MM 
[+j* : pu] fuzhi [+chanpTn] 2 [M¥-+] 

[yong shou+] chaoxie 3 mofang, 
ih^k. fangxiao II n 1 ^XP^ fuyin ben, 
1‘J^ fuben 2 ^ ben, Aft ce 3 
wenzi gao 

copycat n zhT hui mofang 

de ren 

a copycat crime mofang 

xing fanzui 

copyright n banquan 

copywriter n r guanggao 
zhuangaoren 
coral n shanhu 
cord n 1 dianxian 2 shengzi 
cordial adj qlnqie de, 

rechen de 

cordless adj wu sheng de 



302 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



cost 



cordless telephone wu sheng 

dianhua 

cordon I n jTngjiexian II v (to cor- 
don off) shezhi jTngjiexian, 

fengsuo 

cordur n dengxian rong 

core I n fe he, Wt' hexTn II v [+7K^I 

wa qu [+shuTguo de] he 
cork I n ( Hi ) ruanmu (sai) II v ( iff 
) M'M (yong ruanmusai) saijTn 
corkscrew n luosTqTzi, 

pfngsaizuan 
corn n 1 dBR yumT 
corn on the cob yumT bangzi 

2 $11® jlyan 

cornea n ( BUB# ) ^}JH (yanjing) jiaomo 
corner I n i }%M guaijiao 2 MM jiaoluo 

3 ( ) M (zuqiu de) jiaoqiu 

II V '®-"|5gA^^shT...xianru juejing 

cornstarch n yumT dianfen, £j 

gouqian fen 

corny adj guoshf de, 
laodiaoya de 

coronary adj 'hilffi xTnzang de 
coronation n iJHM jiamian, iJPMWL 
jiamian dianIT 

coroner n i&Flif yanshlguan 
corporal I n T± xiashi II adj 
routT de 

corporal punishment tifa 
corporate adj 1 gongs! de 

corporate hospitality 
gongs! zhaodai kehu 
2 IHEMKj tuantT de, gongtong de 

corporation n dagong si, J&'ffrA 
gufen gongsT 

multinational corporation (MNC) infill 
kuaguogongsT 

corps n 1 ^@3 juntuan 2 W>$k budui 

Marine Corps haijun 

luzhandui 

corpse n shTtT 
corpulent adj HEJIW feipang de 
corral n HIei chulan 
correct I adj 1 IE$i zhengque, dui 
2 teMSffo qiadang de II v ^JE jiuzheng, 
i&IE gaizheng 



1 stand corrected. IMkiA-Wfafc Wo 

chengren you cud. 
correction n r&IE gaizheng, MlE 
jiuzheng 

correction fluid r&IEyil gaizhengye 
corrective adj c&IE£ft gaizheng de, 
jiu zhengde 

correlate yu...xiangguan 

Man 

correspond v i fWiS yu... 

xiangdui ying 2 Mfs tongxin 
correspondence n i guanxi, 

duiying 2 ®fs tongxin 3 is# xinjian, Si 
\E hanjian 

correspondent n i jizhe 
a foreign correspondent 
zhuwai jizhe 

2 ilfs# tongxinzhe 

corresponding adj xiangying de, 

xiangguanlian de 

corridor n zoulang [m. wd ^ tiao] 
corroborate v iiE^ zhengshf 
corrode v fushf, fit£ qlnshf 
corrosion n fushi, iSti qlnshf 
corrugated adj waleng de 
a corrugated iron roof 
waleng tiezhi wudTng 
corrupt I adj fubai de, 

daode baihuai de II v shT... 

fubai, shT... daode baihuai 

cosmetic adj 1 ikA&M huazhuang 
yong de 2 biaomian de, 

zhuangshi menmian de 
cosmetics n i ftf^pp huazhuangpTn 

zhuangshi menmian 

de dongxi 

cosmic adj 1 yuzhou de 2 

teda de 

cosmonaut n yuhangyuan 
cosmopolitan adj i shijiexing 

de 2 jAL^iRf'^J jian duo shf guang de 
cosmos n yuzhou 
cost I v (pt & pp cost) huafei, 

( ) hua (duoshaoqian) II n 1 M 

flf feiyong, chengben 2 daijia 

at any cost/at all costs ^E'l^f^fTi’ buxT 
daijia 



303 




cost-effective 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



cost-effective adj xiaoyi gao 

de 

costly adj anggui de, 
hua hen duo qian de 
costume n ( ) M 
^ (mou yi shfqT hud mou yi diqu de) 
fuzhuang 

costume jewelry AsilKtilJ renzao 
shoushi 

cot n $£fl!U tIK qTngbian zhediechuang 

cottage n <hM xiao wu 

cotton n mianhua 

couch n ( Xx ) (chang) sha fa 

couch potato 

fi^jA laoshi zuo zai shafa shang kan 
dianshi de ren 
cough n, v kesou 
cough drop '/NUUft runhoutang 
cough syrup lhR£$i£& zhike tangjiang 
could model v (pt of can) 
couldn't See can 
council n ( rff ) iAz? (shi) yihui, 
lishihui 

the Security Council of the U.N. 

Lianheguo Anquan 

LTshihui 

counsel I n i bianhu lush! 2 ?£ 

fWift falu guwen 3 zhonggao 
to keep one's own counsel 

bu toulu zijT de xiangfa 
II v tigong zTxun, fi-ir fudao 

counseling n WM ( UH# ) zTxun (fuwu) 
counselor n ^ftAM zTxun renyuan, ffi 
-^AM fudao renyuan 
count I v 1 Wi shu, i+lfcjishu 
Don't count your chickens before 
they are hatched. 

( - ) Dan wei 

fuchu mo shu xiaojT. ( -*• Haoshi bu yao 
zhiwang guozao.) 

2 suanshu, youxiao 3 fflliil 
hen zhong yao 

to count on tall zhiwang, AH yTkao 
II n 1 &?!& zongshu 
to keep count jilu, jilu 

shuzi 

to lose count jibuqTng shuzi 



2 itS jiliang 3 fitfc zuizhuang 
countable adj keshu de 
countdown n ft'Ji-tHt daojishi 
countenance n ffi# mianrong, HaHA'In 
mianbu biaoqfng 

counter I n 1 [OTT+] fMn [shangdian+] 
guitai 2 [BXf%+] n [chufang+] 
caozuo tai 

HitHliM andili 

II v JxM. fanbo III adv t@Jx. xiangfan 
counteract v t® dixiao 
counterattack v, n M-ffr fanjT, 
fangong 

counterbalance I v tftiil dixiao II n tft 
M dixiao 

counterclockwise adj, adv SHtltAft 
/ tdi fan shizhen fangxiang de 
counterfeit I adj weizao de 

a counterfeit bill yizhang 

jia chaopiao, yizhang jiabi 

II v weizao 

counterpart n ) 

diwei xiangdang de ren (huo wu) 
counterproductive adj 
qi fanzuoyong de, 
xiaoguo shide qffan de 
countersign v lianshu 

countless adj wushu de 
country n 1 guojia 2 xiangxia 
country club #ft{&/£l$xiangcGn 
julebu 

countryman n ftflfttongbao 
countryside n xiangxia, Aft 

nongcun 

county n xian 

county fair Att^TjT nongcun jfshi 
coup n 1 ( (junshi) zheng- 
bian 2 chenggong de 

xingdong 

couple I n 1 ^tAil yidui fuqT, ^Xt'Hr 
A yidui qingren 2 M't' liang ge, MH't' 
liang san ge II v o' jiehe, lianjie 
coupon n fi£S#youhuiquan [m. wd ^ 
zhang], tL# liquan [m. wd ‘Ik. zhang] 
courage n yongqi, yonggan 
courageous adj yonggan de, ^ 
you yongqi de 



304 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



courier n xinshT [m. wd £ ming] 
course I n i lucheng, gudcheng 

2 iJUfi kecheng 3l(^) dao (cai) 

of course dangran 

II v Ml liu, liudong 

court I n 1 fating 2 qiu chang 

3 'S'S gongting, liS wangshl II v 
taohao, iIIaR zhuTqiu 

courteous adj WILISW youlTmao de, 
W&UVl bln bln you IT 
courtesy n MM ITmao, haoyi 

courtesy of cheng- 

meng...de haoyi 

courtesy call iTjiexing baifang 

courthouse n fil^ fayuan 
courtmartial n i junshi fating 

2 junfa shenpan 

courtroom n fating 
courtship n lian'ai, lian'aiqT 

courtyard n I yuanzi 
cousin n tang ge/di (paternal 

uncle’s son, older/younger than 
yourself), tangjie/mei (paternal 

uncle’s daughter, older/younger than 
yourself), biaoge/di (maternal 

uncle or aunt’s son, paternal aunt’s son, 
older/ younger than yourself), 
biaojie/mei (maternal uncle or aunt’s 
daughter, paternal aunt’s daughter, 
older/younger than yourself) 
cove n / h#5r^ xiao ha i wan 
covenant n qiyue 

cover I v 1 M gai, Mil fugai 
to cover up $£J£ yangai 
2 Wlk shejf, baokuo 3 

gei.. .baoxian, chengbao 
not to cover cosmetic surgery 

bu chengbao zhengrong 

shoushu 

4 youqian zhTfu 
to cover all expenses 

Hfh youqian zhTfu suoyou de feiyong 

5 [+^h^l zou wan [+julf] II n 1 It 
gai, MI gaizi 2 ( 4$ x ) itffi 
(shQx zazhi) fengmian 3 yanhu 

4 f&M£ll] baoxian fanwei 
cover charge fuwufei 



crafty 

coverage n i tfiM. baodao, fjrMliii 
xTnwen baodao 2 baoxian, 

III baoxian fanwei 
covert adj mi mi de 
cover-up n $tf$j yinman 
covet v^^t tanqiu, X^---II$§HR dui... 
chufxian sanchT 

cow n 1 muniu 2 AlSil®l4 D f 

daxing cfxing burn dongwu 
coward n danxiaoguT, tHA nuofG 

cowardice n M'h danxiao, 1£'lSr qienuo 
cowardly adj JH'Nfo danxiao de, 
qienuo de 

cower v weisuo, 4§^i quansuo 

co-worker n |bJ^ tongshi 
coy adj i ^iTlritl^J zhuangzuo haixiu 
de, j&MlM guzuo niuni de 2 
is|fi*J hanhu qf ci de 
coyote n conglinlang 

cozy adj wennuan shushi de 

CPR (= cardiopulmonary resuscitation) 
abbrev Ain? rengong huxT 
qiangjiu 

crab n M xie [m. wd K zhT] 
crabby adj baozao de 

crack I v 1 WM polie 2 fnttJw’if!; jTngshen 
bengkui, bengkui 3 l^aU 

® [sangyTn+] bian sTya 4 $LM [+^^] 
pojie [+mima] II n 1 liefeng 2 

qiang xiao kekayTn III adj ‘JK 
diylliu de 

crackdown n HI zhenya, WM qudi 
cracked adj i you liefeng de 

2 [1##+] l®r>M^J [sangyTn+] sTya de 
cracker n bao cui bTnggan, 

^Ishuda bTnggan 
crackle v fachG pTpasheng 

crackpot n you 

guguai Ifqi niantou de ren 
cradle I n yaolan II v 
^ xiaoxTn yiyi de baozhe 
craft n ^ ( I ) shou (gong) yi 
craftsman n ¥Iz!IA shougongyiren 
craftsmanship n ¥-1X^1^ shougongyi 
jineng 

crafty adj zu zhi duo mou de, 

jiaohua de 



305 




craggy 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



craggy adj douqiao duo shi 

de 

cram v 1 ba...saijin 2 ( ) 

iB5j!W (kaoshi qian) sTjl yingbei 
to cram for a test 
zai kaoshi qian sTjl yingbei 
cramp I v 1 jingluan, choujTn 
2 yueshu, PUfll xianzhi II n 'JZlM 
jingluan, JltlfS choujTn 
cramped adj xiaxiao de 
cramps n [HtnP+] [fubu+] jiaotong, 

[funu+] jmgtong 

crane I n I qTzhongji [m. wd a 

tai] 2 tl he, flilll xianhe [m. wd H zhT] 

II v shenchang bozi kan 

cranium n toulu 
crank I n qubing II v ( jjjtlffi ) 

(yong qubing) zhuandong 
cranky adj yi nu de 
crap n 1 fJJIlfc huche, feihua 2 

pb liezhipin, L powanyir 3 ^{fi 

fenbian 

crash I v 1 tit zhuang, frltif pengzhuang 
2 ( ) ^EtJl ( diannao) sTjT 3 

LtSEn|“J mengzhuang fachu juxiang 
4 [JKtitf+] If & [gushi+] bengpan 
to crash and burn turan kuatai 

II n A$+] [feijT/huoche] 
xiangzhuang, AV shTshi 

crash landing qiangxing 

zhuolu 

III adj kuaisu de 

crash diet kuaisu jianfei 

shipu 

crass adj culu de, 4*A£®$J 

lingren yan e de 

crate n da zhuanghuo xiang 

crater n i AlllP huoshankou 2 keng 
crave v MjM kewang, keqiu 

craving n MM kewang 
crawl I v JflS pa, Jl^ff paxing II n 
huanman yidong 

crayfish n jSfoMSAF danshui aoxia 
crayon n caise lab! 

craze n shishang, re 
Chinese craze xue Zhongwen 

re 



crazy adj 1 feng, tkM fafeng 2 H$C 
xThuan deyaoming 3 
guguai de 

crazy code 1W luanma 
creak I v fachu gazhT 

gazhT de shengxiang II n 
B|“J gazhT gazhT de shengxiang 
creaky adj i fachu 

gazhT gazhT de shengxiang de 2 
laojiu de 

cream n 1 naiyou 2 yougao 
face cream ffifl mianshuang 
the cream of the crop ( ) 
(yiqun renzhong de) jTngyTng, 6c 
jiaojiaozhe 

creamer n i daiyong naiyou 

2 tyb'&w. naiyou hu 

crease I n zhouzhe, Jfftil zhe feng 

II v shT...qTzhou 

create v 1 chuangzao, frJH 
chuangjian 2 ‘feM faming, sheji 
creation n i chuangzao 2 
chuangzao wu 

the Creation ( ) 6'JtH: (Shangdi) 
chuangshi, chuangzao shijie 

creative adj you chuang- 

zaoxing de 

:reator n chuangzuozhe 

the Creator Zaowuzhu 

creature n ( 'S.M A ) dongwu 

(baokuo ren) 

credentials n 1 zTge zhengshu 

2 zTge, ft A nengli 
credibility n otfs'14 kexinxing, fslti xinlai 
credible adj oTfgftl kexin de, 

kekao de 

credit I n 1 xindai, jiekuan 
credit rating fllffl^&xinydng dengji 
credit report tf xinyong baogao 

zm xinyu, shengwang 
to do sb credit shT 

mouren yingde shengyu 
to take credit guT gong yu jT 

3 A ( ) dailai 

rongyao/hao mingsheng de ren (huo 
shi) II v 1 #A [+$i] cunru [+qian] 2 

guT gong yu 



306 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



cross 



creditable adj zhide zanyang 

de 

creditor n fDtHA zhaiquanren 
credulous adj qlngxin de 
creed n xintiao, imi§ xinyang 
creek n <MH xiaoxT, MM xTliu 
creep I v (pt& pp crept) i JNS pa, ilHSfr 
paxing 2 HX mansheng II n 
taoyan de ren 
to give sb the creeps ni|— 
jiao...maogu songran 
cremate v A it huohua, AP huozang 
crematorium n A huozangchang 
crepe n zhousha, zhouchou 
crept See creep 

crescendo n [Mf+] i8r3S [shengyln+] 
jian qiang 

crescent n lif^ xTnyue 
crest n 1 LilM shanding, langfeng 
2 niaoguan 

crestfallen adj jusang de, H^r8£ 
chuitou sangqi de 
crevice n liefeng, $tn quekou 
crew n i ( ) flliSAM (feijl) jlzu 

renyuan, ( ) Iftia (lunchuan) 
chuanyuan 2 XffcAM gongzuo 
renyuan 

crew cut banshuatou 

crib n ylng'er chuang 

cricket n i xTshuai 2 banqiu 
crime n zui, Wt zuixing 
Crime does not pay. 

#Jo Fanzui shi bu zhide de. 
criminal I adj fanzui de II n H 

zuifan 

criminal law JPJife xingfa 
crimson n, adj ) shenhongse 

(de) 

cringe v 1 tuisuo 2 gandao 

nankan 

crinkle v qizhou 

cripple n canjiren, bozi 

crisis n weijT 

crisp adj 1 [#dp+] [shipTn+] cui 
de 2 yi sui de 3 [A^+] 

[tianqi+] ganleng de 
crispy adj songcui de 



crisscross v 1 wangfan, 315®^ 

$£ laihui benbo 2 iEi3c!h hua 
jiaocuo de zhixian, zongheng 

jiaocuo 

criterion n (pl criteria) biaozhun 

critic n 1 pTpingzhe, 

fanduizhe 2 i¥i£.w pinglunyuan, ttti¥ 

% pTpingjia 

critical adj i plpan de, tttiWj 

piping de 2 guanjiande, 

weixiande 

criticism n flti¥ piping, i¥i£ pinglun 
critique n, v i¥i£ pinglun 
croak I v i yong dl 

chen shaya de shengyln shuo 2 [#!!{£+] 
P4 BL I [qlngwa+] mingjiao II n i \$0U& 
dlchen shaya de shengyln 

2 ( ) ^10 (qlngwa) mingjiao 

crochet v yong gouzhen 

bianjie 

crockery n taoqi 

crocodile n eyu [m. wd ^ tiao] 
to shed crocodile tears 
diao jT dl eyu de yanlei 
crocus n zanghonghua 

croissant n #-^l®'S.yangjiao mianbao 
crony n A! qlnmi de pengyou 

croo I n 1 iiX pianzi, !i^c zei 2 
II v 1 shT...wanqu 2 ^ wan, 

'H gou 

crooked adj i wanqu de 2 

jiaozha de 

croon v ) qlngrou de 

gechang (huo shuohua) 
crop I n 1 JE£fi zhuangjia, nong- 
zuowu 2 shoucheng 3 
pingtou faxing, duan tou fa 

II v ^®T [+^c^l] jianduan [+toufa] 
cross I n 1 +^5 shizijia 2 shizi 
xing, X cha 

the Red Cross Hongshizi 

3 hunhewu, zajiao 

plnzhong II v 1 W-M- chuanyue, 
duguo 2 3cX jiaocha 

to cross one's fingers 

danyuan you haoyun 

3 zajiao III adj shengqi de 



307 




cross-country 

cross-country adj SISJ yueye de 
cross-country running 
yueyesaipao 

cross-cultural adj jSGtffcM kua wenhua 
de 

cross-examine v fanfii panwen 

cross-eyed adj neixieshi de, 4- 

XllMi doujTyan de 
crossfire n 3cXAA jiaocha huoli 
crossing n i ( ft!®- ) jiill (tielu) guodao 
2 I'Titfrl I shizi lukou 3 StiiSSSS kua 
hai lucheng 

cross-legge adv jSSilffl* pantuT er zuo 
cross-purposes n xiangfan mud] 

at cross purposes xianghu 

maodun 

cross-reference n xianghu 

canzhao, 2 SI hujian 
crossroads n +¥8^0 shizi lukou 
cross-section n i hengpoumian 

2 — A yizu you 
daibiaoxlng de ren 
crotch n J#S|5 kuabu 
crouch vW(T) dun (xia) 
crow I n 1 S18 wuya 2 ( 

(gongjT) mingjiao II v [-S-tS+J H L I [gong- 
jl+] jiao 

crowd I n A Iff renqun, — tffAy'iqun ren 
II v 1 tH#qunji, BPS qunju 2 0rjT, tftfif 
tuTji 3 ffi cul, fl® cuTcu 
crowded adj ttttM yongji de 
crown I n 1 iE3 wangguan, S mian 
2 KUiliSlff wangguo zhengfu 3 [5Ffif+] 
AsjjS [yachl+] renzao guan II v 1 A 
[+B£] ins wei [+guowang] jiamian 

2 wei. ..xiang jia yaguan 

3 dadao dfngfeng 

crucial adj juedingxing de, 

guanjian de 

crucifix n you Yesu 

xiang de shfzijia 

crucifixion n Yesu 

bei ding zai shfzijia shang,TO^^§ 
Yesu shounan 

crud n / A lingren exTn 

de dongxi/ren 

crude adj i [+in W] cusu de 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



[+yuyan] 2 weijTng 

tflian de [+shfyou] 
crude oil yuanyou 
cruel adj $Mn canku 
cruelty n i $liSn canku 2 MW ( ) 
nuedai (de xfngwei) 
cruise v 1 [^$&+] [chengchuan+] 

xunyou 2 [t^$+] [qiche+] 

wen su xfngshi 3 ( ) SuM (cheng- 
che) doufeng 

cruise ship Aiifij$& da youlun 
cruiser n MPfcM xunyangjian 
crumb n f&foWM shfwu suixie, 
mianbao xie 

crumble v 1 ba...nong- 

cheng suixie 2 [jian- 

zhuwu+] nianjiu daota 3 wajie 
crumple v 1 ?£•••#!!£ ba...nong zhou 
2 $f±'J yundao 

crunch I v 1 fachu 

gazhT gazhT de shengxiang 2 &I | *£lII | *£ 
gazhT gazhT de chT 

to crunch the numbers zuo 

daliang jisuan 

II n 1 gazhT gazhT de 

shengxian 2 kunjing, j&fll weijT 
credit crunch xindai weijT 

crunchy adj )Mi#J cuicuide 
crusade I n 1 gaige yundong 

2 Shfzijun dongzheng 

II v zhili yu gaige 

crush I v yasui, fensui II n 3^^ 
mflian, qianglie de anlian 

to have a crush on an'an 

de mflian shang 
crust n 1 mianbaopf, 

bTsabingpf 2 yingke 

Earth's crust diqiao 

crustacean n jiaqiaogang 

dongwu 

crutch n i8tst guaizhang 
crux n 4 , 'b' zhongxTn, zhengjie 

cry I v 1 lie* 31 ! hanjiao 
to cry foul ( (dasheng) 

kangyi 

to cry over spilled milk 
zuo wuyi de huThen 



308 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



current 



to cry wolf (D “M£T” jiao "lang 
lai le" (D ^fPilltlx fa jia jingbao 
2 ^ ku II n 1 B*j^ ( ^ ) jiaohan 
(sheng) 2 ( ^ ) ku (sheng) 3 ( 

(ft ) (dongwu de) jiaosheng 
to be a f til 'fA'iW)U± y u . . . 

xiangcha hen yuan 
cryptic adj shenmi de, 
nandong de 
crystal n 7KbI shuijing 
crystal clear BJ3S JMI mingbai 
yidong de, mingbaizhe de 

crystallize v i l£fc+] [yan+] jiejing 

2 fl! [+JSJft] shT [+sTlu] 

bian de minglang qTngxT 
cub n xiaoxiong, xiaolaohu, 

/ MM~P xiaoshTzi 
cube I n 1 alJjW lifangtT 
ice cube bTngkuai 

2 a tjf lifang 

cubic adj al3j$1 lifang de 
cubic inch/feet/yard ^ 

M / ^ lifang yTngcun/yTngchi/ma 
cubicle n d'Ws] xiao gejian 
cuckoo n dujuan, buguniao 
[m. wd K zhl] 

cucumber n HjH huanggua 
cuddle I v yongbao, jUjUfMU 

louloubaobao II n fffijt&yongbao 
cue n 1 JUtk tfshi 

on cue 'I’n^f^B^f!^ qiahao zhe shfhou 
to take one's cue from ^•••$J#xue... 
de yang, {jjffiC fangxiao 
2 Efctf qiu gan 
cuff I n ttbP xiukou 
off the cuff [+i#iS] wei jing 

kaolu de [+jianghua] 

II v in [+<JGA] gei [+fanren] dai 
shoukao 

cuffs n shoukao [m. wd b'J fu] 
cuisine n i pengrenfa, ;R££M p A 

pengren feng wei 2 caiyao 
culinary adj pengren de 

cull I v 1 Ufcizfe tiaoxuan, xuanyong 
2 zaisha II n zaisha 
culminate v i gaozhong, in$ i 
jieshu 2 ^JllMiIif dadao dTngfeng 



culpable adj ying fu zeren 

de 

culpable negligence shTzhizui 
culprit n zuifan, yougud 

shT de ren 

cult n 1 yijiao, xiejiao 2 HtioftJl 
& shishang guannian 
cultivate v 1 Utffc gengzuo 2 ±oW peiyu, 
ip# peiyang 

cultivated adj 1 you jiaoyang 

de 2 #2&#J yangzhi de 
cultural adj JCik&l wenhua de 
culture n 1 if-b wenhua 2 3tBij wenming 
3 ^Ifilf# xijun peiyang 
cumbersome adj yunzhuan 

bu ling de, benzhong de 

cumulative adj fRilttfj jllei de 
cunning I adj 23:2##] jiaohua de II n 
2 # jiaohua 

cup I n 1 f'FP beizi 2 jiangbei II v j# 
peng, tt tuo 

cupboard n tS^ - guizi, shigui, 1% 
tE wangui 

cupcake n beixing dangao 

curable adj "TIstMjtFW keyT yThao de, E 
yT de haode 

curator n [l#%tt+] [bowuguan+] 
guanzhang 

curb I n i ]£&'?& lu yan 2 tf|Jf|j | J yizhi, 
kongzhi II v tfpffrl yizhi, kongzhi 
curd n H?L nfngru 
curdle v ningjie 

cure I v 1 [+^] zhiyu [+^], ?p 

zhihao 2 [+AM] yanxun 

[+huotuT], SSfll yanzhi II n 1 '?n£r 
zhiliao 2 zhiyu, '?p#f zhihao 

curfew n xiaojin 

curio n gudong, 'S'St guwan 

curiosity n haoqixTn 

curious adj 1 haoqi de 2 W'l^ 

qiguai 

curl I n i #£juanfa 2 
juanqu de dongxi II v i chanrao 
2 juanqu, juanfa 

currant n fa^ culi 

currency n i l^ffi huobi 2 jJltii liutong 
current I n 1 tKMl shuTliu 2 dianliu 



309 




curriculum 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



II adj dangqian de, 

dangjln de 

current events shishi 
curriculum n i$fM kecheng 
curriculum vitae (abbrev CV) n ( 't' 

A ) ibLKj (geren) jianli, M.J35 lull 
curry n #Pl!l ( ) jiali (fen) 
curse v,ni I ma, /EsJ zhouma 2 iH/E 
zuzhou 

cursed adj 1 MiH/El^ zao zuzhou de 
2 shoudao zhemo 

wufa jietuo de 
cursor n guangbiao 
cursory adj culue de, 
caocao liaoshl de 

curt adj jianduan er bu 

ITmao de 

curtail v itji/jft xuejian, jianshao 
curtailment n it'M xuejian, jianshao 
curtain n I Hf ri? chuanglian 2 IPfiT mubu 
curtsy, curtsey v ErlsJiitL xfng quxTIT 
curve I n quxian, ^lEl wanqu II v M 
tt wanqu 

cushion I n ESA dianzi, kaodian 
II v Wft huanchong 
cuss v /EsJ zhouma 
custard n fLUH ru dangao 
custody n 1 Unit ( EX ) jianhu (quan) 

2 juliu 

in custody bei juliu, t&i&H bei 
jianjin 

custom I n jxW& fengsu II adj /eIiTO 
dingzuo de 

customary adj i xisu de 2 AlMEfe 

(ft xiguanxing de 
customer n guke 
customize v /e{$ dingzuo, /ErfrJ dingzhi 
customs n haiguan 
cut I V (pt & pp cut) 1 tJJ qie, Hf jian 2 Jell 
W. huapo 3 tTIfr daduan 4 EtfW qie pai 
to cut corners tou gong jian 

liao 

cut and dried yT cheng 

dingju de 

II n 1 shangkou 2 MtP jianshao 

3 jiantoufa, ITfa 
cutback n it'M xuejian 



cute adj ke'ai de, piaoliang 
de 

cutlery n HHr ( AX# ) canju (daocha 
deng) 

cutlet n $]# roupai [m. wd kuai] 

cutoff n #cJLL£( jiezhT dian 

cutting I adj 1 A* jianke de 2 $J# 

(ft cigu de 

at the cutting edge of 

chuyu lingxian diwei 
II n chazhT 
cyanide n Miitffij qfnghuawu 
cybercafe n PPti wangba [m. wd I's] jian] 
cyberspace n rf ^ItelXI jisuanjT 
kongjian, wangluo kongjian 

cycle I n 1 zhouqT 
life cycle shengming zhouqT 

2 IW' xunhuan 

a vicious cycle SEfctHiT' exing xunhuan 
II v ^llExt qi zixfngche 
cyclic(al) adj zhouqTxing de 

cyclone n longjuanfeng [m. wd 
^ chang] 

cylinder n i Hitt ( ) yuanzhu (tT) 

2 HIM yuantong, lalifil yuan guan 

gas cylinder meiqiguan 

3 qigang 

cymbal n bo, naobo 
cynic n iAAA'l4^6^jA renwei renxing e 
de ren, quanru 

cynical adj i iAAA'l4^P^ renwei renxing 
e de 2 bu jiangdao de de 

cyst n nangzhong 

czar n shahuang 

D 

dab I n 1 [+HtA] shaoliang 

[+huangyou], yidianr 2 

qlng pai II v qTng pai, qlngchu 
dad, daddy n baba, ## diedie 
dagger n b’M* bTshou,M^!l duanjian 
daily adj, adv meitian, #0 meiri 
dainty adj i J l+d\^E'] jTngzhi de 
[+xiao dianxin] 2 [+^ih] youya 

de [+juzhi] 



310 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



date 1 



dairy n 4405^ niunai chang 
dairy product fL^'J op ruzhipTn 
dally v langfei shfjian, JlfSi 

moceng 

dam n 7K4S shuTba [m. wd Mi zud] 
damage I n IMilf sunhai, W& sunshang 
damages sunhai 

peichangjTn 

II v twif sunhuai, JSifr sunhai 
damn I adj i^E^J gaisT de II adv A# 

feichang, tfl hen 

damn well feichang de 

III interj gaisT, AMP tianna 
Damn it! i£5E# J! GaisT de! 

Damn you! ffci^HEl!! NT zhege 
hundan! ?E1!! Hundan! 

damning adj jfqi bull de 

damp I adj chaoshT de II v $*■■■ 
H!JI§ / shT... xueruo/jianshao, 
rfrj yizhi 

to damp one's interest shT 

xingqu jianshao 

dampen vif [+— MM shT [+yi 
kuai bu] chaoshT 2 it'Jil [+$Vl#] xuerud 
[+reqing] 3 fifflA shT saoxing 
damper n 4*A43 A / ^ lingren 
saoxing de ren/shi 

to put a damper on itAJHA rang ren 
saoxing 

damsel n weihun shaonu 

dance I v i tiaowu 2 tiaodong 

II n 1 wudao 2 Hz? wuhui 

school dances 4M5:Hz? xuexiao wuhui 
3 Hltil wuqu [m. wd ti* shou] 
dancer n HSSiiTia wudao yanyuan 
dandruff n toupixie 
Dane n A^tA Danmairen 
danger n weixian 
in danger of you weixian, £lrf 

j&PJtZlA chuyu weixian zhlzhong 
out of danger tuolf weixian 

dangerous adj weixian de 

dangle v guazhe laihui 

baidong, xuandiao 

Danish I adj Danmai de, 

Danmaiyu de, Danmairen 

de II n A^tia Danmaiyu 



dank adj shTleng de, 
yTnleng de 

dapper adj ylguan chuchu 

de, aixiao er jTnghan de 

dare I v 1 gan 2 WM jTjiang, 
tiaozhan 

I dare you! fcilvffrAlft! Wo liang nT bu 
gan! 

II n Hb$ tiaozhan 

daring I adj AIM dadan de II n M'H 
yongqi, MS danliang 
dark I adj i hei'an de, 

heise de 2 MM'&N} shen yanse de 3 M 
[+#A] xie'e de [+shili] 4 
[+^^] kunan de [+suiyue] II n i AH 
tianhei 2 HBa hei'an 
in the dark wanquan 

buzhTdao 

darken v fl£ [+hu^:] shT [+qian- 

jTng] bian de andan, bian an 
darkroom n BaB- anfang, Bai[ anshi 
darling I adj ASM qTn'ai de II n ASM 
( A ) qTn'ai de (ren), j3lJ*UL baobeir 
darn I v till h fengbu II adj Efi3 gaisT 
de, i4MM taoyan de 
Darn it ! i^E! GaisT! M^S! Zhen 
daomei! 

III adv A# feichang 
dart I n fH biao, feibiao 

darts zhibiao youxi 

II v 1 l£$l$ touzhi 2 mengchong 
dash I v S?! 1 mengchong, ji ben 
to dash sb's dream 
shT mouren de xTwang luokong 
II n 1 duanpao 2 pozhehao 

(— ) 3 {PM shaoliang, — 
yidiandian 
a dash of pepper 
yidiandian hujiao 

dashboard n ( ) \%W$l (qiche) 

yibiaoban 

data n WM shuju, ^14 zTliao 
data processing shuju chulT 

database, databank n M4)# shujuku, 
^141# zTliaoku 
date 1 Ini 01 riqT 
to date zhijTn 



311 




date' 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



out of date MffiT (0 guoqTle de, E&IB 
£0 chenjiu de 

2 yuehui 3 yuehui de 

duixiang, M / A MM. nan/nu pengyou 
II v 1 ^7_h0$j xieshang riqT 2 Ifl [+— t* 
Ai£A] he [+yi ge nuhaizi] yuehui 

3 [44^1?+] [kexuejia+] 

jianding...de niandai 

date 2 n haizao, zaozi 
daughter n AJL nu'er 
daughter-in-law illfcl xifu, JEM erxi 
daunting adj shlren danqie 

de 

dawdle adj HfSft moceng 
dawn I n 1 liming, A-n: tianliang 
2 kaiduan, Ma kaishi II v 1 
poxiao, A3I: tianliang 2 A#n kaishi 
to dawn on kaishi mingbai, 

$U!j xiangdao 

day n 1 A tian, 0 ri 2 & A baitian 
day after day — *AX— *A yi tian you yi 
tian 

day after tomorrow ^ houtian 
day before yesterday HU A qiantian 
the other day llifc ( W ) “'A zuijin 
(you) yi tian 
daybreak n liming 
daycare n 046 rituo 
daycare center 46JLES tuo'ersuo 
daydream I v fitt 0^ zuo bairimeng, 
xiang ru feifei II n S 0 ^ 
bairimeng 

daylight ni 0)t riguang 2 ASA 
dabaitian 

daylight saving time JC4Ws] xialing 
shijian 

daytime n SA baitian, 0OU rijian 
day-to-day adj 0#£0 richang de, 0 jl 
— 0(0 r i f u yi ri de 
daze I v sKL.fahun II n 

mimang, izElH miluan 
dazzle v shl...jlngya, 

Ati sKL.zantan buy! 
dazzling adj 4A!R[RA£(0 ling ren 
zantan buy! de, ^AIS^E^SLW ling 
ren yanhua liaoluan de 
dead I adj i SE£0 si de, AS qushi 2 iff 



tkT yongwan le 3 SE^t2Jl$5££0 slqi 
chenchen de 

dead center JE4 1 zhengzhong 
dead end SE^II^J slhutong, ^fe^juejing 
dead wood &tWffl£0A / meiyou 
yong de ren/dongxi 

II n SEA siren, SE^f slzhe III adv 7ciki& 
wanquan de 

be dead against wanquan 

fandui 

deadline n SqMH 4I?J jiezhi shijian 
deadlock n ffiM jiangju 
deadly I adj zhiming de 
a deadly enemy ASiicA£0'fjii l £ bu 
gong dai tian de choudi 
II adv jiqi, feichang 

deaf adj M long, erlong 

the deaf l£iii£0A erlong de ren 
the deaf and mute longyaren 
deafening adj zhen er yu 

long de 

deal I n i 3cisr jiaoyi, 5?^ maimai 
It's a deal! Jiu zheme 

jiangding le! 

2 xieyi [m. wd M xiang] 

to strike a deal dacheng xieyi 

3 X4I# duidai, daiyu 
a great deal AS daliang 

a rough deal AAAf#ili bu gongping 
daiyu 

II v (pt & pp dealt) 1 zuo 

maimai, jlngying 2 Aft^fa pai 
to deal with fH- -413^31 he... da 
jiaodao, SbJl chull 

dealer n i jTngxiaoshang, [#pp+] 

PISA [dupin+] fanzi 2 [th^H$+] AJ$*A 
[pukepai+] fapairen 
dealt See deal 

dean n ( A^ ) (daxue) xue- 

yuan yuanzhang, xuejian 
dear I adj i qln'ai de 2 

zhengui de, anggui de II n 

£0 ( A ) qTn'ai de (ren) 

Oh dear! A®&! Tianna! 
dearth n WP xTshao 
death n SEA slwang, AS qushi 
(the angel of) Death SE# SIshen 



312 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



decline 



death penalty sixfng 

death row sTqiu laofang 

death trap ^EAPli# sTwang xianjTng 
deathbed n siwang shf 

shul de chuang 

on one's deathbed \&cM IfnsT shf, ilm 
Ifnzhong shf 

debacle n 'I Wk canbai, bengkui 

debase v jiangdl pTnzhi, NH&ffr 

{£ jiangcfl jiazhf 
debate I v i bianlun 2 

fanfu kaolu II n 1 bianlun 2 
zhengshi taolun 
debauchery n WM fangdang, 
zdngqfng shengse 
debilitate v shT...xuruo 

debilitating adj daozhi 

xuruo de 

debit I n m jiexiang II v J&lfc qukuan 
debit card {IriSA jiejika 
debrief v tTngqu huibao, 

xunwen qfngkuang 
debriefir n tTngqu huibao 

debris n suipian lajT 

debt n fjJ! zhai, IM^r zhaiwu [m. wd bT] 
to be in sb's debt T^A^ATft'llr shen 
qian mouren de qfng 
to be in debt qianzhai 

to pay off debts fi/tlr huanqTng 

zhaiwu 

debtor n fit# A zhaiwuren 
debug v 1 chaichu qietTngqi 

2 paichu 

jisuanjT chengxu zhong de cuowu 3 $E 
l^iit® paichuguzhang 
debunk v zhengmfng... 

shi cuowu de 

debut n, v shouci dengchang, 

H7A!£n shouci dengtai 
debutante n chu jin 

shejiao jie de nuzT 
decade n shf nian 
decadent adj tuffei de, 

duoluo de 

decaffeinated adj /^AWEEM [+^i / 
WE] tuoqu kafeiyln de [+cha/kafei] 
decanter n boli jiu pfng 



decathlon n shfxiang 

quanneng yundong 
decay I v 1 fulan 2 LA^+] 
[wenmfng+] shuaiwang II n 1 
fulan 2 shuaiwang 

deceased I adj yi siwang de, 

yT gushi de II n sTzhe, i^C 
guwangzhe 
deceit n qlpian 

deceitful adj qlpian de 

deceive v Ml qlpian 
to deceive oneself iMftA zi qT qT ren 
December n shf'eryue 

decency n qTma de zunyan, 

f^Hfl timian 

human decency fi&A&^fi^Hi 

zuoren de qTma biaozhun 
to have the decency to ff 

dongde qTma de ITyf 
decent 1 adj [+A] zhengpai de 

[+ren], f£®$J tfmian de 2 [+^ 

fe] xiangyang de [+yTfu], 
key! jieshou de 

decentralization n T W5LtJ xiafang 
qua nli 

deceptive adj qlpian de, 

qTzha de 

decibel n fttR fenbei 
decide v $£/E jueding 
deciduous adj luoye de 

decimal I adj shfjinwei de 

II n <N6fc (h tt \\ 0.8,0.45,0.3536) 
decimal point xiaoshudian 

decimate v Afi^A daliang huTmie 
decipher v poyi 

decision n jueding 

decisive adj 1 [+I4fj] jueding- 

xing de [+shengli] 2 t+vjiJ-^A] 

guoduan de [+ITngdaoren] 3 
[+0^] mfngque de [+hufda] 
deck I n 1 jiaban 2 fSAA^Pcj 
lutian mu pfngtai 3 — ‘M'J f+j'hAli^] yffu 
[+pukepai] II v zhuangshi 

declaration n 11 s' xuanyan, 
shengmfng 

declare v 1 xuanbu 2 ^ llx shenbao 

decline I v 1 bian xiao, bian 




decode 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



rud, shuairuo 2 jujue 

[+yaoqing] II n xiaojian, 
shuailuo 

decode v jiema 
decoder n DTOts jiema qi 
decompose v i shi...fulan 

2 frM fenjie 
decor n zhuangshi 
decorate v 1 zhuangshi 2 
^ shouyu.. .xunzhang 
a much decorated veteran — fiDt# 
huode duo mei 

xunzhang de laoblng 
decoration n 1 zhuangshi, 
zhuangxiu 2 ^iffcpp zhuangshipln 3 r/J 
M xunzhang [m. wd mei] 
decorative adj zhuangshi de 
decorator n llll^#trNJilJ shinei sheji shT 
decorum n youli, deti 
decoy I n you'er, youhud wu 
II v youpian 

decrease I v jianshao, [Ifclt-i-] ~FP£ 

[shuliang+] xiajiang II n W.tP' jianshao, 
( ifcit ) TP^ (shuliang) xiajiang 
decree I n fa ling, ^4* mingling 
II v &0./E guiding, mingling 
decrepit adj pojiu de, 
laoxiu de 

decry v tklkElM gongkai fandui, iiiHtf 
qianze 

dedicate v 1 ba...xiangei 2 W- 

'mi%x yi...mingming 

to dedicate oneself to iRlXA 
xianshen yu 

dedicated adj 1 you 

xianshen jlngshen de, MM jingye 
de 2 SfcAA-M zhili yu...de 3 OTM 
zhuanyong de 

dedication n xianshen 

jlngshen, fengxian 
deduce v ti=I0T tulduan, fi=J! tulli 
deduct v XPP& kouchu, i/i&A jianqu 
deductible adj ke jianmian de 

deduction n 1 XnP£ kouchu, jianqu 
2 ff£Xi tuHT, yanyi 
deed n 1 frA xfngwei, shiji 2 ( 
f 11 ) (fangdichan) qiyue 



in deed shishishang, $1^ queshi 

deem v iAA renwei, kanzuo 
deep I adj 1 M shen 
deep sleep tkM chenshui, hanshui 

2 MM shenke, shen'ao 3 ^C? 
zhuanxln 

deep in thought tKM* chensT 
II adv shenshen de 

deep down neixln shenchu 

deepen v #P^ jiashen, j&0®] jiaju 
deer n JM lu [m. wd K zhl/Sk tou] 
deface v hulhuai...de 

rongmao, tuwu 
de facto adj shiji shang de 

defamatory adj i&IM dihui de, 
zhongshang de 

defame v pohuai...de 

shengyu, ilSMx: dThuT 
default I n 1 AMfr wei luxing 2 
quexi 

by default yin duishou 

quexi er ying 

3 quefa 

in default of HIAficW ylnwei meiyou 

4 ( ffi ) moren (zhi), M$t ( ffi ) 
yushe (zhi) 

II v 'f'Mfr buluxing, IfeA tuoqian 

to default on a loan bu huan 

daikuan 

defeat I v dabai II n shlbai, 
fii shu 

defecate v ( ) Aff! (pai) dabian 
defect I n ftfe/nt quedian, quexian 
II v beipan, toudi 
defective adj W^PS^J you quexian de, 
you maobing de 

defend v 1 ($□! [+S±] baowei [+guo- 
tu], hanwei 2 A [+flp] wei 
[+beigao] bianhu 3 POT 1 fangshou 
defendant n Wa beigao 
defense n 1 P^fP fangyu, XRfP diyu 
self-defense SJEziwei 
2 IHPJj guofang 

national defense UPfr guofang 
defenseless adj wu fang- 

wei nengli de 

defensive adj 1 P fangyuxing de 



314 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



2 BNHft fangbei de 

on the defensive caiqu 

shoushi de, I5f IHfo fangbei de 
defensive driving 
fangyuxing jiashi 

3 fangshou de 

defer v 1 tfeiS tuTchi, f tuoyan 2 iHM. 

zuncong, shuncong 
deferential adj gongjing de 

defiance n X^fJri duikang, miaoshi 

in defiance of bugu 

defiant adj duikang de, 

miaoshi de 

deficient adj quefa de, 
buzu de 

deficit n chizi, kuTsun 
defile v wusun, V5^ wuran 
define v 1 £q-”T/£A gei...xia dingyi 
2 guiding 3 
biaoming...de jiexian 
definite adj i queding de, 

mingque de 2 Rf/E$J kending de, — •/£ 
yfding de 

definition n i nlX dingyi 2 tfBflr 
qlngxldu 

definitive adj 1 L+H'fc] quanwei 

de [+zhuzuo], zui kekao de 

2 [+^J&] zuizhong de [+panjue], 

£ni&'l46tl jielun xing de 
deflate v 1 [+$fe)Iq] fangdiao 

[+luntai] de qi 2 1s£ [+A] fifrA shT 
[+ren] xieqi 3 [+&,&] jiechuan 

[+lundian] 

deflation n 1 [$fe)|q+] UPC [luntai+] louqi 
2 itA xieqi 3 tonghuo jlnsuo 

deflect v shL.zhuanxiang 

to deflect attention 
zhuanyi zhuyili 

deform v sKL.bianxing 

deformed adj jlxfng de 

deformity n jlxing, bianxing 
defraud v pianqu, qlzha 

defrost v MW> jieddng 
deft adj shulian de, 

lingqiao de 

defunct adj i t+ffl-ffc] buzai 

cunzai de [+tuanti], jUifcftf) jiesan de 



delicacy 

2 [+A?£] buzai shfyong de 
[+fangfa] 

defuse vWtM huanjie, i&lf gaishan 
defy v iitrL weikang, H$t mieshi 
to defy explanation wufa 

jieshi 

degenerate I v duoluo, il it tuihua 
II adj duoluo de, baihuai 

de III n duoluo de ren 

degeneration n iftft tuihua, duoluo 

degradation n PSfEfc biancfl, {§# wuru 
degrade v PEEfK biandT, ff§# wuru 
degrading adj WPA$H$ you ru renge 
de, WAJHftl^l you shlshen fen de 
degree n 1 ^eJIl chengdu 2 ^fi xuewei 

3 }?£ (qiwen deng) du 
dehumanize v ffe- • -T^AAtt shT. . .sangshT 

renxing 

dehydration n IfibK tuoshuT 
deign v jiangdl shenfen, ® 

M- quzun 

to deign to do l^ff&JH# ( ) 

jiangdl shenfen (zuo mou shi) 
deity n tt shen, ictt nushen 
the Deity Shangdi 

deja vu n ftlatBiR si ceng xiangshf, fW 
s&ffl si ceng JTngli 
dejected adj qingxu diluo 

de, youyu de 

dejection n qingxu diluo, ffc 

ffl> youyu 

delay I v danwu, SfcjK dange II n St 
danwu, Sfcfi^ dange 
without delay 3,± mashang, alBP liji 
delectab adj meiwei de, 

xiangpenpen de 

delegate I n daibiao [m. wd ^ 
ming] II v W&. shouquan, HfE weituo 
delete v PJI^ shanchu 
deletion n shanchu 

deli, delicatessen n shushidian 
deliberate I adj 1 guyi de 2 

shensT shulu de II v 

zixi kaolu 

deliberation n i Ei zixi kaolu 

2 ii'R jinshen, iA# congrong 
delicacy n i mingan, iM'K jinshen 




delicate 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



2 ffH jlngmei, yazhi 3 itlftcfi# 

meiwei jiayao 

delicate adj i cuiruo de, J 

yisui de 2 mingan de, 

weimiao de 

delicious adj haochT de, 

meiwei de 

delight I n ill A gaoxing, kuaile 
II v shi... gaoxing, 

shT... kuaile 

delightful adj ling ren yukuai 

de, re ren xT'ai de 

delineate v f&^7 miaoxie, miaohui 
delinquency n i weifa, ) 

^liH (qTngshaonian) fanzui 
juvenile delinquency 
qTngshaonian fanzui 
2 tuo qiankuan 

delinquent I adj 1 weifa de 2 ft! 

tuoqian bu fu de II n 
shaonianfan 

delirious adj ff 3z£$J hunmi de 
deliver v 1 songjiao, iH3C dijiao 
2 tzM fabiao 3 jiesheng 

delivery n i i^3C songjiao, iiBc dijiao 2 
^ fabiao 3 fic^fe jiesheng, 9^%% fenmian 
delta n H^^tl sanjiaozhou 
delude v qTpian, hongpian 
deluge I n i A#bK dahongshuT 2 AJM 
daliang yonglai de dongxi 
II v shi...yanmo 

delusion n cuojue, huanjue 
deluxe adj haohua de, 

youzhi de 

delve v tansuo, zuanyan 
demagogic adj shandong de, ^ 

guhuo de 

demand I n i HaR yaoqiu 2 xuqiu 
market demand rjTWfnjA shichang xuqiu 
II v yaoqiu 

demanding adj i [+jf #] 

yaoqiu hen gao de [+renwu] 2 IrttJ 
fc] feili de 3 II^Hitil^J [+4-® yaoqiu 
guogao de [+laoban], "Sf^l^ keqiu de 
demeaning adj biandT de, {$•# 

(ft wuru de 

demeanor n W: juzhi, MU: fengdu 



demented adj fengkuang de, ^ 

j&I^J biantai de 
dementia n i chTdai 2 
jTngshen cuoluan 

demerit n i MA guoshT, HIh guocuo 
2 iBii jiguo 

demise n i Ifctl sTwang, xiaowang 
2 zhongjie 

demo n 1 #po yangpTn 2 yanshi 
democracy n i ( rfrjft; ) minzhu 

(zhidu) 2 minzhu guojia 

democratic adj minzhu de 

Democratic Party ( HH ) 

(Meiguo) Minzhudang 
demographics n An^it ( WM ) 
renkou tongji (shuju) 
demolish v chaichu 
demolition n #f|S| chaichu 
demon n i IMM. moguT 
inner demon 'hit xTnmo 
2 gaoshou, t^zili'ailSl^J A jiyi 
gaochao de ren 

demonstrate v i xianshi 2 tfM 
shifan, yanshi 
demonstrative adj i 
ganqing wailu de 2 
shifan de [+jiaoxue] 
demonstrator n i shifanzhe, 

yanshizhe 2 shiwei 

youxingzhe 

demoralize v shT...xieqi 

demote v jiang . . .jiangzhi 

demur v xianjing de, 

duanzhuang de 

den n 1 ( ^ (yesheng 

dongwu de) wo, ?I B 1A dongxue 2 
zeiwo, 5^^ duku 3 mishi 
denial n i 'S'i/L fouren 2 jujue 

jTyu 

denigrate v PJtflS biandT 
denim n cu xiemian bu 

denominate v /Effr dingjia 
denomination n i ffiffl mianzhi 2 
[zongjiao] paibie 

denounce v zhize, qianze 
dense adj i nongmi de, 

choumi de 2 midu da de 3 



316 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



fiifFj nandong de 4 chidun de, 

MSHft yuchun de 
density n midu 
dent I n i IHI-Jil aohen 2 jianshao, 
jianqTng II v 1 shT... 

chansheng aohen 2 MUr sunhai, ft'J 
fs] xueruo 

to dent one's ima'- MWMM sunhai 
xingxiang 

dentist n 5Ff4E£. yake yTsheng 
dentures n lt5F jiaya [m. wd S'J fu] 
denunciation n itjf qianze, chize 

deny v 1 l5iA fouren 2 jujue, 'fia 
bugei 

deodorant n chuchouji 
depart v 1 ^4F likai, Mi liqu 2 tl 
sTwang 

department n i [3&JFf+] pPH [zhengfu+] 
bumen 2 [A^I^M M. [daxue de+] xi 

department store baihuo 

shangdian 

departure n i P5JF likai, Mi liqu 2 AHfM 
qicheng, shanglu 3 HPj beili 
depend v i WM yTkao 2 ## deikan 
It/That depends. kan qingkuang 

adj AHA'J kekao de 
dependent I adj yTlaiyu, 

youlaiyu 

a dependent child yao 

fuyang de haizi 
II n MM jiashu 

army dependents WAMM junren 
jiashu, ¥Ji junshu 
depict v miaoxie, miaohui 

deplete v jianshao, sunhao 
deplorable adj Tft ji huai de, JS 5 £ 8 t 
ying shou qianze de 
deplore v 1 qianglie piping 

2 MKIt shengan wanxT 
deploy v bushu 

deport v WMMfn. quzhu chujing 
deposit I n 1 shouqT fukuan, 

/Ete£ dingjln 2 yufu zujln, t¥ 

^ yajln 3 [fUfr+j [yinhang+] 
cunkuan 4 iTHt kuangcang II v 1 fE"-jT£ 
15: ba...fang zai 2 [+^fr] cun ru [+ 

yinhang] 3 chendian 



descend 

depot n 1 kucun chu, cangku 

2 ( <h ) (xiao) chezhan 
depraved adj daode 

chedi baihuai de, fubai 

touding de 

depreciate v i [jArfj+] PKfS [huobi+] 
bianzhi 2 PKflS Hftft] biandl [+jiazhi] 
depressed adj tfctP youyu, 
gandao youyu 

depressing adj ling ren 

youchou de 

depression n i tfcfPdo! ) yduyu (zheng) 

2 ) jlngji xiaotiao (qT) 
the Depression ( 

(sanshi niandai) jlngji Daxiaotiao 

3 dlqiya 4 fiffi ( Jtii ) dlwa (di) 
deprive v boduo 

deprived adj pinkun de, 

qiongku de 
depth n 'M? shendu 
deputy n S'] fu, fushou 

derail v i [A.$+] ttlfA [huoche+] chuguT 
2 [+itjcijj pohuai [+jlhua] 
deranged adj jlngshen 

cuoluan de 

derelict adj 1 5J£!$C$J L+^^l^] pobai de 
[+jianzhu wu], feiqi de 2 

t+'i'M] wanhu zhishou de 
[+guanyuan], duzhi de 

derision n chaoxiao 
derivation n feiH qTyuan, Hj^fc chuchu 
derivative 1 n 1 1 'Mi.% paishengwu, [ia 
W] [yuyan] paishengci 2 [&¥■] 

[huaxue] tiquwu 3 [^S4] 

^ [jlnrong] yansheng touzT 
derivative 2 adj fei duchuang 

de, mofang de 

derive v 1 1® huoqu, #5l] dedao 2 ^ 
'i® 1 ? qTyuan yu 
dermatitis n pifuyan 
dermatology n pifubingxue 

derogatory adj wuru de, 

biandl de 

derrick n i youjTngjia, 

zuanta 2 ( (huo lun) 

diaogan qTzhongjT 

descend v xiajiang, xialuo 



317 




descendant 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



to descend from jH—fi*llnft shl...de 
houdai 

descendant n houdai, houyi 

descent n i TP^ xiajiang, xialuo 
2 xiapolu 3 lB# chushen, JfiL^ 

xuetong 

describe v Jsi^7 miaoxie, miaohui 
description n miaoxie, 

miaohui 

descriptive adj t&^fi^J miaoxie de, 
fi*J miaohui de 

desecrate v xiedu, wuru 
desecration n xiedu 

desensitize v sKL.bian 

de bu mingan, shi...xfguan 

desert I n WiUk shamo [m. wd )n pian] 

II v likai, paoqi 

deserve v iMM zhide 
design n, v i5B+ sheji 
designate v ta/E zhiding, Jjf M zhlpai 
designation n zhiding, fetffl. zhlpai 

designer I n t&tW shejishT II adj 
i+Kl tebie sheji de 
designer drug huahe 

mihuanyao 

desirable adj ^T^fi^ kequ de, #'frfi*J 
chenxTn de 

desire I n MM yuanwang, WzM. yuwang 
II v #M MM xTwang dedao, yuqiu 
desist v f¥lt tingzhT 
desk n 1 bangongzhuo, 

xiezitai [m. wd M zhT/!r& zhang] 2 X'fc 
"a gongzuotai, HU## fuwutai 
front desk [jj&tt] HU a [luguan] qiantai 
information desk wenshichu 
desktop n 1 zhuomian 2 
zhuoshangxfng diannao 
desktop publishing ^ilnMst 
zhuomian chuban 

desolate adj ®!tfi*J huangliang de 
despair I n IfeM juewang II v 
gandao juewang 

desperate adj i Xljfi— ‘#Jfi*J bugu yfqie 
de, $Nfrfi*J pTnming de 2 
feichang xiangyao de 
despicable adj ^-ftPfi^J beibl de, ^TiP 
fi*J kebl de 



despise v MPffi blshi, kanbuql 
despite prep jlnguan 
despondent adj 'Mjfi*J youshang de, M 
i£fi*J jusang de 
despot n iMt baojun 
dessert n ( tSfp ) St# (fanhou) tianshf, 
tiandianxin 

destabilize v fX-XII/E shT... 
buwending 

destination n @ finite mudidi, 
zhongdian 

destined adj ( tjrX ) y±/Efi*J (ming- 
zhong) zhuding de 
destiny n mingyun 
destroy v M&X hulmie, fijfcif' pohuai 
destroyer n quzhujian 

destruction n §&% hulmie, pohuai 
destructive adj fi&ifXfefi^J pohuaixing de 
detach v chaikai, tudluo 
detached adj chaoran de, 
fit keguan de 

detachment n i chaoran, $rM ke- 
guan 2 X^IA [junshi] xiaofendui 
detail I n Mv xijie, i¥'IW xiangqing 
in detail i¥^flffe xiangxi de 
II v xiangxi xushu 

to detail sb to do sth 
^ paiqian mouren qu zuo moushi 
detailed adj i^^fflfit xiangxi de 
detain v 1 juliu, tPM kouliu 2 PS. 

M zuliu 

detect v chajue, faxian 
detective n zhentan 

detector n tanceqi 

smoke detector yanwu 

baojTng qi 

detention n i juliu, kouliu 

2 [xuexiao] ke hou 

liuxiao 

deter v f'JX zhizhT, weishe 

detergent n xTylfen, 
xidijlng 

deteriorate v yuelaiyue huai, ^ 

X ehua 

determination n i juexTn 2 [t^+] 

[guanfang+] jueding 3 U ] \ 

^ [chengfen+] ceding 



318 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



dialogue, dialog 



determine v i "Rfefr xia juexTn, #£aE 
jueding 2 i$i/E queding 
determiner n xiandingd 
deterrent n weisheli, Wffl&Wi 
weishe shouduan 

detest v Hf'IH zenghen, xianwu 
dethrone v ba...ganxiatai, 

SH tuTfan 

detonate v 31:11 ylnbao 
detonator n 3l$$£K ylnbaozhuangzhi, 
Is Ilf leiguan 

detour v tj£it ( ffiffr ) raodao (er xlng) 
detox I n jiejiu zhiliao, 

jiedu zhiliao II v jiejiu zhiliao, 

jiedu zhiliao 

detoxification n paidu 
detract v biansun, i dThuT 
detriment n 'ffrlF shanghai 
detrimental adj WiM youhai de 
devalue v PEEfll bianzhf 
devastate v i shY. ..jfqf 

shangxTn, shi...kuadiao 2 Mxz. 

[+JW] cuThuT [+chengshi], huTdiao 
devastating adj i [+M 

M>] rang ren jfqi shangxTn de [+xiaoxi] 

2 IK&K] [-HfTzfir] hulmiexing de [+daji] 
devastation n MIS: cuThuT, cuTcan 

develop n 1 fazhan, kaifa 2 
W fayu 3 ffiu&M [+|n|jS] kaishT chu- 
xian [+wetf] 4 WFp chongyin 

[+dlpian] 

developed adj i [+IHit| fada 

de [+guojia] 2 M/ D2 £fi*J [+jatH] geng 
yanzhong de [+weijT] 
developing adj fazhanzhong de 

development n i fazhan, 

kaifa 

a new housing development IfcME 

4SE xTnjian zhuzhaiqu 
2 Ur'lfr#! xTn qfngkuang 
deviate I v ffipj pianli II adj 
biantai de 

deviation n flili piancha, yichang 
device n 1 \ Sir shebei, i5t$S sheshT 

2 [?HK+] [ceshi+] zhuangzhi 

3 [MFR+] [tongxun+] shouduan, 

fangfa 



devil n 1 JUM. mogul 2 siCfiJc jiahuo 
lucky devil xingyun de 

jiahuo 

3 iJH&JlL tiaopi gul 
to play the devil's advocate 

ill guyi chang fandiao 
devilish adj i 35#^ edu de, ifiST 
huaitoule de 2 taoqi de,M(£P*J 

tiaopi de 

devious adj qTzha de, J 

bu laoshi de 

devise v i&rFttj shejichu, SEtB xiangchu 
devoid] adj wanquan meiyou 

de, haowu 

devolve v quanli xiafang 

devote v}E*"#SR£h ba...fengxian gei 

to devote oneself to xianshen 
y u 

devoted adj zhongcheng de, ^ 

zhi'ai de 

devotee n aihaozhe, 

yangmuzhe 

devotion n 1 zhongcheng, $^:§l 

zhi'ai 2 xianshen, fengxian 
devour v 1 langtun huyan 

de chi 2 tanlan de yuedu 

3 tunshi, haojin 
devout adj qiancheng de 

dew n M?K lushul [m. wd cfi] 
dexterous, dextrous adj 
lingqiao de, mlnjie de 

diabetes n tangniaobing 

diabetic I adj tangniaobing de 

II n mmmA tangniaobingren 
diabolical adj emo shi de, M 

xie'e de 

diagnose v t#I®t zhenduan 
diagnosis n j^®t zhenduan 
diagonal I adj i xie de, #4^^ 
xiexian de 2 duijiao de II n 

xiexian, duijiaoxian 

diagram n tubiao, shiyitu 
dial I v bo hao 
dial tone boyTnhao 

II n M&Hk kedupan 
dialect n fangyan 
dialogue, dialog n duihua 
319 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



dialysis 



dialogue box duihuakuang 

dialysis n ( JfnM ) (xueye) touxT 

diameter n zhljing 
diamond n I f&Ti [+^b] zuanshl [+jie- 
zhi] 2 [+^jfif] llngxlng [+cizhuan] 

3 [feW] [zhTpai+] fangkuaipai 

diaper n niaobu [m. wd kuai] 

diaphragm n henggemo 

diarrhea n WB fuxie 
diary n Hid riji, HidJI rijibu 
diatribe n yanli qianze, 

ife fennu pengjT 
dice I n i shaizi 

to roll the dice zhi shaizi 
2 /Jv&I^Kr xiao kuai shiwu II v JE"-# 
ba... shiwu qiecheng xiao 

kuai 

dicey adj maoxian de, 

bu kekao de 

dick n 1 jiba 2 bendan 
dictaphone n koushu luylnjl 

dictate vi PS koushou 2 
qiangzhi guiding 

dictation ni PS koushou 2 [^l£] 
[xuexiao] tlngxie Manx! 
dictator n 'litllfc# ducaizhe 
dictatorship n ducai zhengfu, 

zhuanzheng 

diction n yongcl, cuocl 

dictionary n cldian [m. wd ^ ben], 
zidian [m. wd ^ ben] 
did See do 
didn't See do 

die 1 v 1 5E si, Alfe qushi 2 ll0jxl#r+] A 
[jiu fengsu+] xiaoshT 3 [tflSSri-] 

[j7qi+] tlngzhT yunzhuan 
die 2 n 1 jfeMliyi- jlnshumo ju, 
zhumu 2 tUt? shaizi 
diesel n chaiyou 

diesel engine chaiyou 

fadongjl, chaiyoujl 

diet I n i H##pp richang shlpTn 2 ( M 
/E ) Utilf (guiding) shlpu 
to be on diet tfc# an guiding 

shlpu yTnshl, kongzhi yTnshl 

II v jieshl, SSlfrJtfc'iC kongzhi yTnshl 
differ v ^1^1 butong 



Tastes differ. ^An^WI^Io Ge ren 
kouwei butong. 

difference n 1 ^I^I^JitilA butong de 
difang, frik fenql 2 HSlJ chabie, H 
chayi 

to make a difference 

chansheng yingxiang, qizuoyong 

different adj ^1^1 butong 
differentiate v E#‘J qubie, #$5*1 bianbie 
difficult adj 1 kunnan de, *1£$J 

nan de 2 L+A] nanyi duifu 

de [+ren] 

difficulty n @Xf= kunnan, nanchu 

diffuse v 1 fensan 2 jianqlng, 

WM jianruo 3 S£---jr|fc shi...kuosan 
dig v (pt & pp dug) 1 ££ wa, wajue 

to dig one's own grave 
zijuefenmu 

2 souxun, soujl 

to dig into ® kaishi shTyong 

(DJSA charu 

to dig up wajue chu, "MM faxian 

digest I v $Hb xiaohua II n St® zhaiyao, 
wenzhai 

Reader's Digest Duzhe 

Wenzhai 

digestion n xiaohua 

digestive adj '$Hb£H xiaohua de 
digit n 1 ( 1 ^ij 9 ) WC¥ (1 dao 9) shuzi 
2 shouzhT, Wfit jiaozhT 
digital adj shuzi de, 

shuma de 

digital camera shuma 

zhaoxiangjl 

dignified adj youzunyan de, l£ 

zhuangzhong de 

dignitary n M - ^: xiangui [m. wd wei], 
HA yaoren [m. wd wei] 
dignity n Mf 1 zunyan, zungui 
digress v lit!, #&!§ paotl 
digression n lltl, paotl 

dike n dTba, ^ dl, M ba 
dilapidated adj polan de, 
kuai daota de 

dilapidation n polan de 

zhuangtai 

dilate v IT A kudda, 5b kuozhang 



320 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



dilemma n liangnan jlngdi 

diligence n UJisr qinfen 
diligent adj Hfrf£r#I qinfen de 
dilute I v 1 xTshi, chongdan 
2 shT... xueruo II adj 

xTshi de 

dilution n IW xTshi 
dim adj ffffal^ hun'an de, lifiTO mohu 
de 

dime n yi jiao qian, — ‘33^5 yi 

mao qian 

dime store lianjia 

xiaoshangpin dian 

a dime a dozen duo de bu 

zhiqian 

dimension n i [H'h+l [sange+] 

weidu 2 [fJrTft+] 7jW [xTn de+] 
fangmian 3 (dimensions) RtI* chicun 
dimensional adj £§£!:#} wei du de 
three-dimensional sanwei de, 

lit! de 

diminish v i [A$&+] 'tik'P [renshu+] 
jianshao, JSfr'h jianxiao 2 i'Ji^ [+Jt!lcl4] 
xueruo [+zhongyaoxing], NMfic jiangdT 
diminutive adj gezi hen 

aixiao de 

dimple n jiuwo 
dim sum n Zhongguo dianxin 

din n caozasheng, 

xuannaosheng 

dine v iSHr jincan, chTfan 

to dine out waichu yongcan, 

dao fandian qu chTfan 

diner n pianyi de xiao 

fanguan [m. wd % jia] 
dingy adj angzang pojiu de 

dinner n 1 TEH zhengcan, B fatM wanfan 
2 Hz? yanhui, VfcM wanyan 
dinner party MM jiayan 
dinner service [— $+] MHW 
[yNtao+] xTcan canju 
dinnertime n ffiUfttlB] yongcan shijian 
dinosaur n konglong 
dip I v 1 tS jin, II zhan 2 Tl# xiajiang, 
SfK jiangdT II n 1 tiaowei jiang 

2 ( (duan shijian de) 
youyong 3 xiaoliang jianshao 



disadvantage 

diphtheria n baihou 

diploma n wenping, ^ikiiE4$ biye 
zhengshu [m. wd zhang /ffr fen] 

diplomat n £h3cliT waijiaoguan 
diplomatic adj i waijiao de 2 IS 

shigu lianda de, 
jiangjiu celue de 
dipstick n yfiUtE youliangji 
dire adj jiqi yanzhong de, ® 

jf zao de 

direct I adj 1 zhijie de 

direct current JO/llfe zhiliudian 
direct deposit J[j£:#l&fti$r zhijie 
cunkuan fu xTn 

2 tanshuai de, ^Jll^J shuaizhi 

de II v 1 zhendui 2 IbW zhihuT, 

}b# zhidao III adv JiLjlc zhijie, lltlcitii 
zhijie de 

direction n Al»l fangxiang 
directions Jb$T zhT lu, tsBfj^l n] 
zhTming fangxiang 

sense of direction fangxiang- 

gan 

directive n Jb^ zhTling, }bt 5 zhTshi 
director n i [^-Kl] [gongsT] dongshi 
2 ( *lLi£ ) (dianyTng) daoyan 

directory n 1 xingming dizhT 

lu 2 ( tHWl ) (jisuanjT) 

wendang mulu 

dirt n 1 huTchen, chentu 
dirt cheap jiqi pianyi 

dirt road nilu 

2 -TLM chouwen 
to dig up dirt on sb 
fajue mouren de chouwen 
dirty adj 1 KM angzang 2 
huangse de, TSKW xialiu de 
a dirty trick beibT huazhao, 

xialiu shouduan 

disability n canji, canzhang 
disable v ® [dr^+] shi [shibTng+] 
canji, [W&t+] shT [xitong+] 

wufa shiyong 

disabled adj canji de, 
canzhang de 

disadvantage n ^f'J bull tiaojian, 
ftJiPia quexian 



321 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



disadvantaged 



disadvantaged! adj i 

chu yu bull diwei de 2 
shehui xiaceng de, ruoshi de 

disagree v ^1^1^ bu tongyi 
disagreeable adj FtBTO taoyan de 
disallow v'FA.FF bu yunxu, §£0 bohui 
disappear v i fflA xiaoshT 2 A5!* 
shTzong, AA diushT 
disappearance n i MA xiaoshT 2 A5!* 
shTzong, AA diushT 
disappoint v f!£"-AlI shL.shTwang 
disappointing adj ^AAUfiiJ ling ren 
shTwang de 

disapproval n bu zancheng, 
fandui 

disapprove v bu zancheng, JiO(4 
fandui 

disarm jiechu wuzhuang 

disarmament n 1&W- caijun 
disarming adj xiaochu diyi 

de, ihA^5(]A$?I^J rang ren gandao 
youhao de 

disarray n ftliSL hunluan 
disaster n i zainan, Altf zaihai 
2 j£0J[£A!lft chedi shTbai 
disavow v i5iA. fouren 
disband v MW jietY, MWt jiesan 
disbelief n 'FtSflf bu xiangxin, 
huaiyf 

disc See disk 

discard I v 1 fW [+IHAM] rengdiao 
[+jiu yTfu] 2 Jldj [+lh^li$] dachu 
[+pukepai] II n 1 rengdiao 

de dongxi, lM%l feiwu 2 4Ttt|#JJ}^ dachu 
de pai, MM fei pai 
discern v juechachu, 
bianmfng 

discernir adj you yanli de, 

shfbieli hen qiang de 
discharge I v JflW— SSJF zhunxu.Jikai 
to be discharged from a hospital 
( 'MX ) (bingren) chuyuan 

to be discharged from the Army 
( ^A ) (junren) tuiyi 

2 [+?57j<] paifang [+wushuT] 

to discharge polluted water #$tY57k 
paifang wushuT 



3 Mfr [+TOf] luxing [+zhize] II n i M 
zhunxu likai 2 fflWi paifang 
disciplinarian n yange 

zhfxfng jilu zhe 

discipline I n 1 ttW jilu 2 chufen, 
£fciu chufa 3 ^14 xueke 
core disciplines £^^14 zhongdian 
xueke, zhongdian kecheng 

II v 1 ^§#1 chengfa 2 Hrffc guanjiao 
disclaim v ZE^TSiA. zhengshi fouren 
disclaimer n mianze 

shengmfng 
disclose v MM toulu 
disclosure n MM toulu 
disco n ]MJr44ff ( FT ) disTkewu (ting) 
discotheque n ifiH444H/T disTkewu tTng 
discolor v ( • • ) 11#, / (shi. . .) 
tuise/bianse 

discomfort n i 'EffM bushufu, >F 
M bushi 2 shlren 

bushufu de dongxT 

disconcerting adj ling 

ren xTn fan yi luan de, 4*ASfilLI^J ling 
ren jiongpo de 

disconnected adj wu guanlian 

de, duankai de 

discontent adj ^F'$fJ£fft bu manzu de, 
^FI^m bu manyi 
discontinue v Wit tingzhT, 
zhongduan 

discord n ^F^Q bu he, bu xietiao 

discount I n Ut40 zhekou II v i [^pp+] 
JTUtJP [shangpTn+] da zhekou, 
xuejia 2 ^]£M [+^— buzhong- 
shi [+mou yi kenengxing] 
discourage v i shT... 

sangshT xinxTn, shT...huTxTn 

discouragiri adj 4*AT&A$J lingren 
sangqi de, lingren huTxTn de 

discourse n i [/ DZ ^‘^+] [yansu 

de+] jiaotan, iTfife taolun 2 
6*J+] [guanyu guojifa de+] lunshu 
3 [^AW+] iSia [xueshu de+] huayu 
discourteous adj bu ITmao de, 

A4L6tl shTIT de 
discover v "feM faxian 
discovery n MM faxian 
322 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



dislocate 



discredit I v shl...bian 

de bu kexin, ffiff-'-W®# pohuai...de 
xinyu II N sangshT xinyu 

discreet adj iJMK) jinshen de, 'ItICM 
shenzhong de 

discrepancy n illB 1 chayi, T— I i bu 
yizhi 

discretion n iJHj( jinshen, |BJ£ shen- 
zhong 

discriminate v iffiSl qishi 
discriminate adj WiRS'JilWM you 
shibie nengli de, TT'T WlA you 
jianshangli de 

discrimination n iSS qishi 
discus n feW# tieblng 
discus-throwing SfttW- ( ) zhi 
tieblng (yundong) 

discuss v Wife taolun, ®W shangtao 
discussion n Wife taolun, UW shangtao 
disdainful adj ffiSfKj miaoshi de, fitt 
M qTngshi de 

disease n MM jibing [m. wd zhong] 
disembark v TT xia che, TTtll xia 
feijT, TIS xia chuan 
disenchanted adj iSiSj&TAM gandao 
huanmie de, ASM shTwang de 
disenfranchised adj SsM'JfX WAS bei 
boduo quanli de 

disengage v fenli, SM baituo 

disentangle v 4Mt fenqTng, Si! shulT 
disfavor n 4' Pl-M bu xlhuan, fii® fangan 
disfigure vStS' -fiSSIS huihuai...de 
rongmao 

disfigurement n "iff hulrong 
disgrace I n chlru II v 

Iff sbL.rnengshouchlru, ia'"W S gei... 
diulian 

disgruntled adj T?S6S buman de, ; BWc 
M naohuo de 

disguise v, n IAS weizhuang 
disgust v sbL.yanwu, ffi - ftW 

Si® shL.jiwei fangan 
disgusting adj ffiAKSEKl shi ren 
yanwu de 

dish I n 1 caipan, panzi 
dish rack wandiejia 

2 yi pan cai, ^ cai 3 



die xing tianxian II v 1 (to dish out) A 
UttiM. daliang fenfa 
to dish out unwanted advice R&M 
suibian tigong 
bieren bu xuyao de jianyi 
2 (to dish up) ±M shangcai 
disheartened adj jusang de, A 

huTxTn de 

disheartening adj ling ren 

jusang de, 4'A#c>6^J ling ren huTxTn 
de 

disheveled adj yishan ling- 

luan de, yTguanbuzheng de 

dishonest adj bu chengshi de, 

bu laoshi de 

dishonor I n IW chlru II v 
shi...mengxiu, shT... diulian 

dishonorable adj bu guangcai 

de 

dishwasher n frfcWl xiwanjT 
dishwashing detergent, liquid n 

canju xTdiji 

disillusionment n £)A huanmie, 
xmgwu 

disinclined adj bu yuanyi 
disinfect v^n •••'/!$ gei...xiaodu 
disinfectant n iilS xiaodu 
disinherit v boduo... de 

jichengquan 

disintegrate v shT... 

fenbeng lixT, shT...wajie 

disintegration n frmWA) r fenbeng lixT, 
wajie 

disinterest n Af'J wu liyi guanxi, 
AUSJaL wu pianjian 

disinterested adj wu lihai 

guanxi de, gongzheng de 

disjointed adj bu lianguan de, 

i&iSLl^ sanluan de 
disk (disc) n i cfpan 

disk drive cipan qudong qi 

2 yuanpan 

diskette n [it^#t+] $fci S: [jisuanjT+] 
ruanpan 

dislike v, n bu xThuan, 
taoyan 

dislocate v tuowei 



323 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



dislodge 



dislodge v ba...yfkai 

disloyal adj ^&Ml^l bu zhongcheng de, 
'fo®. bu zhong 

dismal adj qTliang de, 4*A!M|5^J 
ling ren youyu de 

dismantle v i #[$& [+l0tJU&] chaichu 
[+jiu jTqi], JfcTf chaikai 2 [+IHr|jiJ®] 
feichu [+jiu zhidu], MM quxiao 
dismay I n i JTngkong 2 AM 
shTwang, Mt£ jusang II v AM 
shT... shTwang, shT...danyou 

dismember v Ml zhTjie 
dismiss v i AM jiesan 2 AM jiegu 3 
Sz? bu IThui, bu xie yigu 

dismissal n i At® jiegu 2 
buyu IThui 

dismissive adj ^i^Sz^ buyu IThui de 
dismount v 1 xia ma, xia che 
2 MT quxia, £PT xiexia 
disobedience n bu shuncong, 
WriS bu tlnghua 

disobey v bu fucong, MJrC weikang 
disorder n i hunluan 
to throw ... into disorder 

shT...xianru hunluan zhuangtai 

2 ( Jlffc ) Aiffi (shentT) shTtiao, 
wenluan, ^ bing 

mental disorder jingshenbing 

3 ( jiz? ) (shehui) dongluan, 
saoluan 

disorderly adj pohuai 

gonggong zhixu de, raoluan 

zhi'an de 

disorganized adj rh£!PfM$J jihua 
buzhou de, haowu jihua de 

disoriented adj i MAA®^ mfshT 
fangxiang de 2 tounao 

hunluan de 

disown v -^■■•IIt^A^ yu...duanjue 
guanxi 

disparage v ij^AGWiS shuo mouren 
de huaihua, PSfft biandT 
disparate adj wanquan 

butong de, buxianggan de 

disparity n bugongping, 

chayi 

dispassionate adj keguan 



lengjing de 

dispatch I v MM paiqian, Ml diaoqian 
II n 1 'MM paiqian, i|£JM diaoqian 2 ^ 

A gong wen 3 [|lrW+] tfUili [xTnwen+] 
baodao 

dispel v qusan, MP& xiaochu 
dispensary n @dl*j£b peiyaochu, 
yaofang [m. wd % jia] 
dispense v fafang, 9f%. fenfa 

to dispense medicine peiyao 
to dispense with shengdiao, 

H bu xuyao 

dispersal n qusan, ifclf sankai 
disperse v qusan, MJF sankai 

dispirited adj huTxTn sangqi 

de 

displace v i yidong 2 M--^3R 
che...de zhf 3 Mft qudai 
displacement n i yidong 2 MIR 

chezhi 3 qudai 

display I v 1 I^P'J chenlie, MlB zhanchu 
2 Mtk xianshi II n i I^P'J chenlie, Mil 
zhanchG 2 Mtf xianshi, ‘)&'M xuanyao 
displease v shT...bu gaoxTng, 

shT...bu many! 

displeasure n buyue, buman 
disposable adj 1 yicixing de 

2 B]*;£;j!!id$J |<e zhTpei de 
disposable income nT^JiditftA kezhlpei 
shouru 

disposal n chuzhi, chulT 

at sb's disposal gong 

mouren shTyong 

dispose v ^bS chuzhi, £fcJi chulT 
disposition n i ['A^^+] 'I4‘IW [kuaile 
de+] xingqing, '14^ xingge 2 ^bS [+ > h 
AWi*] chuzhi [+geren caichan], til it 
churang 3 nPW [+^HA,] bushu [+jundui] 
4 Mlo] [+S-ttl'] qTngxiang [+tuoxie], M 
l«] yixiang 

dispossess v l+lbl'J* 1 ] boduo 
[+caichan] 

disproportionate adj bu 

cheng bTli de, buxiangchen de 

disprove v zhengming... 

shi xujia de, JxM. fanbo 
dispute I n zhengduan, 

324 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



district 



zhengyi II v 1 dui...tichu 

yiyi 2 yu...zhenglun 

disqualify quxiao...de zTge 

disregard I v bugu, MM hushi 

II n 3cM wushi, MM hushi 
disrepair n ^fij£ shTxiu, 5 SI 0 pojiu 
disreputable adj mingsheng 

buhao de, shengmmg 

langji de 

disrespect n bu zunzhong, S'® 

qingman wulT 

disrespectful adj 'F'^lll^J bu zunzhong 
de, S®®L^J qTngman wulT de 
disrupt v 1 tfciSL raoluan 2 
zhongduan 

disruption n i tfciSl raoluan 2 ‘-Blfr 
zhongduan 

disruptive adj tfciSLl^J raoluan de, 
daoluan de 

dissatisfaction n bu manyi, 

buman 

dissatisfied adj gandao bu 

manyi 

dissect v #$*0 jiepou 
disseminate v tStfU sanbu, chuanbo 
dissemination n sanbu, 

chuanbo 

dissension n #-#t zhengzhi, 
yijian buy! 

dissent I n yiyi II v chiyou 

yiyi 

dissertation n ( if ± ) (boshi) 
lunwen [m. wd H pian] 
disservice n iwif sunhai, 
bangdaomang 

dissident I adj chi butong 

zhengjian de II n chi 

butong zhengjianzhe 

dissimilar adj hen bu 

xiangtong de 

dissipate v Mifc xiaosan, xiaoshT 

dissociate v fenkai, fenli 

to dissociate oneself from 
duanjue yu...de guanxi 
dissolute adj ) fangdang de 

dissolution n [£if^Tft+] [hunyue 

de+] jiechu, zhongjie 



dissolve v i [ISf^+] [gutf+] rongjie 
2 $fP£ [+£i£ij] jiechu [+hunyue] 
dissuade v quanzu 

distance n julf 

long-distance runner M 

changpao yundongyuan 
distant adj 1 yuanjulf de, 'M 

j 2£ yaoyuan 2 shuyuan de, 

lengdan 

distaste n yanwu, fangan 

distend v shi...pengzhang, If-" 

fl+llfc sbL.zhongzhang 
distill v 1 zhengliu 2 tilian 

distillery n niangjiuchang, BISS# 

niangjiu zhe 

distinct adj WMffa mingxian de, 
xlTft qTngqTng chuchu de 
distinction n i E£iJ qubie 2 
shurong, 1^# rongyu 
distinctive adj yu zhong 

butong de, tebie de 

distinguish v E$!j qubie, #£!j fenbie 
distinguished adj jiechu de, 
zhuoyue de 

distort v 1 [+¥^] waiqu [+shishi], 

ffltttl niuqu 2 ff shT 

[xingxiang+] shTzhen 
distortion n 1 waiqu, niuqu 

2 bianxfng 

distract v 1 f^--^l> shi...fenxTn 2 f^-- 
shT.. .xin fan yi luan 

distracte d adj xTn fan yi luan 

de, xlnshen buding de 

distress I n i ( (jTngshen 
shang de) tongku 2 pfnkun, 

kunku II v shT... tongku, 

shT...bu'an 

a distress signal qiujiu xinhao 

distressed adj jiqf youlu de, 

shffen kunao de 
distribute v fenpei 

distributor n 1 fenxiaoshang 

2 lid^L§s peidian qi 
district n E qu 

shopping district gouwuqG 

district attorney difang 

jianchaguan 



325 




distrust 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



distrust n, v Xie# bu xinren, caiyi 
disturb v i darao, ganrao 
a "Do Not Disturb" sign “ifMTtt” 
"qingwu darao" de paizi 
2 shT...jiaolu, shT... 

fannao 

mentally disturbed li#±XX# 

jTngshen shang buzhengchang 
disturbance n i X#t [+B#Xyi?r] ganrao 
[+richang shenghuo], raoluan 
2 [f+j^+] §ISL [zhongzu+] saoluan, $ 
SI dongluan 
ditch I n gou qu 
drainage ditch paishuT gou 

II v 1 kai gouqu 2 Si# diuqi, M 

paoqi 

ditto n I^IA tongshang, I^Ibu tongqian 

1 say ditto. (Ditto.) Wo 

yeyfyang. l&tfrJko Wo yeshi. 

diva n geju nuzhujue, iclMl 

% nu gechangjia 

dive I v (pt dived, dove; pp dived) 1 
X tiaoshui 2 iHX qianshuT 3 [X#t+] Dff 
^ [feijT+] fuchong Uni [Jl£i^+] Atell: 
Tl# [gupiao-f ] dafudu xiajiang 2 [TStit 
+] DOT [feijT+] fuchdng 3 [^pnM+] fh 
££A [shoumenyuan+] puguoqu 
dived See dive 
diver n qianshuTyuan 

diverge v i [mJaL+] [yijian+] 

chGxian fenqi 2 [3liS&+] [daolu+] 
fencha, fenkai 

divergent adj fenqi hen da 

de, fHXti|B]l : ft hen bu xiangtong de 
diverse adj duoyanghua de, # 

###6^ gezhong geyang de 
diversion n 1 MiS xiaoqian, yule 

2 IfS zhuanyi, If Ifl zhuanxiang 3 fff£ 

zhuanyi zhuyili de shiwu 
diversity n ^#14 duoyangxing, 
iiS duoyuan zhuangtai 
divert v lff£ zhuanyi, If l«J zhuanxiang 
divide v i ba...fenwei, fc!J:X 

huafen 2 P& chu, PfcUJ chu yT 3 XHd 
fenpei 

dividend n JBtU. guxT, hongli 
divider n i [X#&+] ^iXlPi^^ [gonglu+] 



zhongjian gelfdai 2 [t^^+] 

[dang'an+] fenge ka 
divine I adj 1 X'rM Shangdi de, 
shensheng de 

divine right shen shou zhT 

quan 

2 jfhao de, ji miao de 

diving n qianshuT 
diving board tiaoshuTban 

diving suit tUtRUII qianshuT fu 
divisible adj 1 ke fen de 2 

ke chu jin de 

division n i fenkai, huafen 

division of labor fengong 
2 chu, 1^ chufa 3 iTPl'l bumen 
4 ( (tfyu) ji, iSS'J jfbie 5 ( % 

PS ) jJilJ (jundui) shT 

air-borne division kongjiang shT 

divorce v, n i lihun 
divorce settlement IfhGn 

xieyi 

to file for divorce tichu IfhGn 

2 fenkai, fenlf 
divorcee n IfhGn nuzT 

divulge v xielou, 'MM toulu 
DIY (= do-it-yourself) abbrev S 
zljT dongshou zuo de 
dizzy adj ^di: touyGn, xuanyun 

DJ (= disc jockey) abbrev 

diantai changpian jiemu 
zhuchfren, wutTng 

changpian bofang yuan 
do [neg do not abbrev don’t; 3rd 
person: does neg does not abbrev 
doesn’t, past neg did not abbrev 
didn’t] (pt did; pp done) v 1 fi^C zuo, X 
gan 2 Vs xfng, ofUJ keyT 
to do away with © £§!£ baitud ® X# 
[+A] gandiao [+ren], shasT 

to do a favor taflP zuo haoshi, 
bangmang 

to do a lot for youli 

to do well by sb #f#^A shandai 

mouren 

to do up © M-h [+M|0] jishang 
[+niukou], IPX koushang [+J% 

M] zhuangxiG [+fangwG] 



326 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



donkey 



to do without meiyou... 

yexing 

to have nothing to do with 
yu...wuguan 

to have something to do with 
yu...youguan 

docile adj wenshun de, 
xunfu de 

dock I n 1 matou, chuanwu 
2 [riJS] tpl [fating] beigaoxi II v 
1 jin matou 2 [+1$?] kou 

[+g5ngzT] 

docket n 1 susong zhailu 2 iX. 

Boyish! richeng 3 danju 
doctor n 1 ylsheng 2 1#ib boshi 
(= Dr.) 

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) W-zt boshi 
doctrine n \n%. xintiao, 3L$L zhuyi 
docudrama n wenxian 

yingpian, wenxianpian 

document I n 1 XW wenjian 2 ( i+^ 

#t ) / 3® (jisuanjT) wenjian/ 

wendang II v 1 jilu 2 [^^+] iiEfJfj 
[shishi+] zhengming 
documentary n £M}i jilupian 
documentation n i zheng- 
ming wenjian 2 souji 

tigong zhengming wenjian 
dodge I v duokai, 3SJF bikai II n i 
j§§ taobi 2 fEisJ tuoci, tuoshen 

jiliang 

doe n mu lu, mu tu 
does See do 
doesn't See do 

dog I n 1 $0 gou [m. wd R zhT /£fc tiao] 

2 dilie de dongxi, 

biejiaohuo 

dog-eat-dog hi si wo huo de 

to be dog-tired lei deyaosi 

II v iilfil zhuTsui, genzong 
dog-eared adj ( 4$ / (shu/ 

wenjian) zhejiao de, juanbian de 

dogged adj wanqiang de, 

buqu bunao de 

doggy bag n shengcaidai 
dogmatic adj B zi yTwei shl de, 
wuduan de 



do-gooder n ( 

(duoguan xianshi de) cishanjia 
doing n iftGW zuo de shl 
to be sb's own doing S zijT 

gan de huaishi 

to take some doing dei 

hua xie gongfu 

doldrums n i [&$r+] [jTngji+] 
xiaotiao, cfTchao 
in the doldrums [£2$r+] 

[jTngji+] chuzai tingzhi zhuangtai 
2*i m\m qingxu diluo 
dole I v (to dole out) shao- 

liang de fafang II n jiuji jin 

on the dole ITngqu jiujijln 

doleful adj if&iiffKj chouku de, 
aishang de 

doll I n yangwawa, lie wan'ou 

II v (to doll up) da ban 

de huazhT zhao zhan 
dollar n Htt: Meiyuan, Tt. yuan 
Australian dollar it/c Aoyuan 
dolphin n haitun [m. wd tiao] 

domain n lingyu, rlffi ITngdi 

dome n (SIMM yuanwuding, 
qiongding 

domestic adj 1 Sp^l^J guonei de 2 W&& 
jiating nei de 

domesticated adj jiayang de 
dominant adj zhan youshi de, 

zhuyao de 

dominate v zhTpei, zhudao 
domineering adj zhuanheng de, 
badao de 

dominion n i ^'?n ( fX ) tongzhi (quan) 
2 0 '/p ZizhllTng 

domino n duominuogupai 

dominoes 

duomTnuogupai youxi 
donate v tlKy juanzeng, P!hE zengsong 
donation n tiPlu juanzeng 
done I See do II adj i zuohao le 

2 T zhu haole 
It's a done deal. 

ShengmT yijing zhu chengshu fan. 

Mu yl cheng zhou 0 

donkey n ) lu (zi) [m. wd tou] 



327 




donor 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



donkey work 

dandiao fawei de kuchiashi 
donor n fiKH# juanzengzhe, JftitR# 
juanxianzhe 

don't See do 

doodle v luan tu luanxie 

doom I n 1 M&X huTmie, A5& shTbai 
2 (doom and gloom) yfpian 

yTn'an, i&M juewang II v ?±/E [+A!)& / 
At] zhuding [+shTbai/miewang] 
to doom to failure zhuding 

shTbai 

doomsday n l&^AB shijie mori 
door n n men [m. wd M shan/ii! dao] 
door to door aimenaihu 

next door PSH gebi 
doorman n HUE menwei 
doormat n i cengxiedian [m. wd 

kuai] 2 ffBAS^fi^A renren qTfu de 
ren, ili^lj^l^jA nilai shunshou de ren 
doorstep n Hbu nPit men qian tai jie 
doorway n djAP churukou 
dope I n 1 Al# dama, 35pp dupln 2 fi:/R 
shagua 3 neimu xiaoxi II v 

1 [iszftjw+] [yundong- 

yuan+] fuyong xTngfenji 2 
fuyong mazuiji 

dork n fH)R shagua 

dormant adj i [+Alil] xiumian de 

[+huTshan], ^BKl^ [+#ctlit] dongmian 
de [+huT xiong] 2 l+Mfe/^] 

zanshf buyong de [+zhanghu] 
dormitory, dorm n [^£+] 

[xuesheng+] sushe 

DOS (= Disk Operating System) abbrev 
cfpan caozuo xitong 
dosage n ( ] ) ^JS (yaowu de) 
jiliang, fuyong liang 

recommended dosage ( EX ) •PifWj 
JPJM (yTsheng) zhufu de jiliang 
dose I n 1 TfiJIt jiliang 
a lethal dose of sedatives 

zhiming de zhenjingyao jiliang 

2 — yfci jiliang, — *^J yf ji 

a dose of antibiotics yf ji 

kangjunsu 

3 ^0 yihuf, — & yidian 



a dose of reality — yidian 

xianshfgan 

II v in [+#IA] gei [+bingren] fu yao 
dot I n / J\£UL xiao dianr II v iP_h,£JL 
jiashang dianr 
dot the i's and cross the t's 
^ “i” JJP,£JL £ “t” iJtJP^zai 
zimu "\" shang jiadianr, zai "t" shang 
jia hengxian, zhuyi xijie 

dotted line n!t£% xuxian 
dot-com adj yu... 

wangshang gongs! youguan de 
dote v lf§!§i ni'ai, ;fe§l chong'ai 
double I adj 1 iJPfp^J jiabei de 
double date MX^^ic0P#^ liang 
dui nannu tongshf yuehui 
double vision dieyTng, MM fu shi 

double whammy XXSfTiir shuang- 
chong dajT, Tr^X^-fr huo bu dan xfng 
2 XXA#J shuangren de, 
shuangchong de 
double standard 
shuangchong biaozhun 
II v Mr jiabei III n 1 Mfp liangbei, M{ft 
shuangfen 2 tishenyanyuan 

IV adv M\a shuang bei 

kandao dieyTng 

double-check v — yfzai jiancha, 
MM. fucha 

double-park v RffiWWt bingpai tfngfang 
double-spaced adj shuang 

bei hangju de 

double-talk n hanhu qf 

cf dehua 

double-time I n TKfpX^ shuang bei 
gongzT II adv W^PfpP^M^ yT jiabei de 
sudu, '^•oTfisl& jinkeneng kuai 
doubly adv Mr^I jiabei de 
doubt I n t'fil huaiyf 
reasonable doubt w* hell yidian 
without doubt haowu yfwen 

II v t'l'il huaiyf, bu xiangxin 

doubtful adj dayou yfwen 

de, X5$i/El^ bu queding de 
doubtless adv wuyf de 

dough n 1 XiHISI shengmian tuan 2 ^ 
qian 



328 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



drain 



doughnut, donut n zhamian- 
quan, duofubing 

dour adj 1 lianse yTnyu de, 

haowu xiaoyi de 2 /TItjI^J 

yanll de 

douse v 1 poshuT, tfedc jiaoshuT 2 JE 

•■•JSAzk^ 3 ba...jinru shuT zhong 3 % 

A miehuo 

dove I n 1 p^“P gezi 2 gepai 

renwu II v See dive 

dowdy adj ( ic ) TB^fii^J (nuzT 
chuanzhuo) bushi mao de, 
guoshfde, tuqide 

down I adv T xia, Tffi xiamian 
down payment OTBttlfc shouqT 
fukuan, dingjTn 
II prep IpjT xiangxia III v 1 [+^A 

hexia [+yi da bei pijiu], #T 
tunxia [+sange hanbao- 
bao] 2 iir!$C [+X$BM jTbai [+qiudui], 
til* 1 ] dadao IV n yurong, e $rL 
rongmao 

down-and-out adj qiong- 

chou liaodao de, qiongkun de 

downcast adj chuftou sangqi 

de, iMSW jusang de 
downfall n iftn kuatai, pochan 
downgrade v 1 W SR jiang zhi 2 
jianrud, HEfft biandT 
downhill I adv fa i ll T xiang shan xia 
to go downhill zou xiapolu, 

mei kuang yu xia 
II adj TRW xiapo de 
to be all downhill congcT 

yifan feng shun 
download v Tic xiazai 
downplay ba...kan de 

bu zhongyao 

downpour n qTngpen dayu 

downright adv TELW shfzu de, 
wanquan de 

downside n Tf'JA® bull fangmian 
downsize v jlngjian caiyuan 

Down's syndrome n Jtfl££NHiH tangshi 
zonghezheng 

downstairs I adv ( & ) (zai) louxia 
II adj JSTFW louxia de 



downstate adj, adv [#IW+] 

[zhou de+] nanbu diqu 
downtime n tingjT qTjian 

down-to-earth adj jiao ta 

shidi de, shishi zaizai de 

downtown I n TfTT*'L> shizhongxTn II adj, 
adv / :WL shizhongxTn de 

downtrodden adj RjSfcBftW bei jianta 
de, shouya po de 

downturn n [ln$r+] [jTngji+] 

xiahuaqT, shuaituiqT 

downward(s) I adv faT xiangxia, U3T 
chaoxia II adj faTW xiangxia de 
dowry n W-ik jiazhuang [m. wd {ft fen] 
doze v JTBliHi da keshui 
to doze off ( TfrlTE ) (buzhT 
bujue) da dun 

dozen n yi da, T^ ( T ) shf'er (ge) 
baker's dozen yida jia 

yfge, THT shisan ge 
dozens of /LT jTshf, ^ haoduo 
Dr. (= Doctor) abbrev t#± boshi, 
yTsheng 

drab adj 1 dandiao fawei de 

2 Bs^^J andan de 

draconian adj yanll de, 

yanku de 

draft I n 1 cao'an 2 zheng- 

bTngzhi 

draft dodger taobi bTngyi 

zhe 

3 ) xuanba (yundongyuan) 

draft pick 

xuanba jin zhiye dui de yundongyuan 

4 lengfeng 5 huipiao II v 1 

qicao 2 fiES ( AfE ) zhengzhao 

(ruwu) 3 y&WL xuanba, tiaoxuan 
draft beer n sanzhuang pijiu 

drafty adj toufeng de 

drag I v 1 tuo, ik la, zhuai II n 1 
°AfftA ( ) fawei de ren (huo shi) 

2 leizhui 

dragon n % long [m. wd ^ tiao] 

dragonfly n qTngting 

drain I v 1 iPzK paishuT 2 
shT...jTngpi lijin 3 %% he wan II n TtK 
iS xiashuidao, TzK# xiashuTguan 



329 




drainage 

to be a drain on dui... 

xiaohao hen da 

down the drain langfei diao, — 

yiwu shouhuo 

drainage n i paishuT 2 

paishuT xitong 

drained adj jlngpf lijin de 

drama n XfcJ@l xiju 
drama class xiju ke 
drama group ;6cMkMl xiju xiaozu 
dramatic adj i xiju de 2 

xijuxing de, t£Afr\l jlngren de 
dramatize ba...gai- 

biancheng xiju 
drank See drink 
drape v MM pTgua, MM pTgai 
drapery n i hou chuanglian [m. wd 

P: kuai] 2 W4 dazhe de buliao 

drapes n J?1tf ri? hou chuanglian 
drastic adj jilie de, yanli de 

draw I v (pt drew; pp drawn) 1 iSj hua 
to draw a line in the sand jTnggao 
2 M la, M ba 3 •J&^l xlyin 

[H-zhuyili] 4 [+$fctflF^£l ITngqu [+jiu- 

jijTn] 5 chouqian II n 1 pfngju 
2 choujiang 3 ^A^A^IA^A ( IjJc 
i&A ) juyou xTyTnli de (hud difang) 
drawback n quedian 

drawbridge n diaoqiao 
drawer n M® chouti 
drawing n fp^liSi qianbThua, Mlm sumiao 
drawing board rfellMit zhituban 
drawl I v tuochang 

shengdiao mantuntun de shuo II n M 
tuochang shengdiao 
mantuntun shuohua 

drawn adj cangbai qiaocui de 

drawn 2 v See draw 

drawn-out adj ] rongchang de, M 
tuochang de 

dread n, v 'fefttfi jupa, tfitfc danyou 
dreadful adj aTtfiffo kepa de, 
ling ren danyou de 
dream I n i ^ meng, PM mengjing 
2 PM mengxiang, Si® ITxiang 
a dream house ITxiang de 

zhuzhai 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



a dream come true PM$M meng- 
xiang chengzhen 

II v (pt & pp dreamed, dreamt) i$.P 

zuomeng 

to dream up xugou chu 
dreamed, dreamt See dream 
dreamer n £MM kongxiangjia 
dreamy adj i h\\P $. J MMi] ru meng de 
[+ganjue], Pklffl menghuan de 2 
$ifl*J L+tXAM] ai huanxiang de [+xiao- 
nu hai] 

dreary adj i fawei de 

[+jiangzuo] 2 StP^I^J [+^^] chenmen 
de [+qifen], t+A'n,] yTnchen de 

[+tianqi] 

dredge v Mias wajue, shujun 

dregs n zhazT 
drench v shi...shTtou 

dress I n nuzhuang [m. wd M tao], 
lianshanqun [m. wd T4 jian] 

II v 1 A® chuan yTfu 
to dress down (D chuan 

de bT ping shl sufbian (DiJlIJr xunchi 
to dress up fTifr daban 
2 1*141 [+T^PJ baoza [+shangkou] 3 in 
[+^^] gei [+ shucai] jia tiao- 

liao III adj 1 lE&M zhengshi 
changhe chuan de 2 fuzhuang de 

dress code fuzhuang yaoqiu 

dressing n i chuan yT 2 ^Lffloo 

baoza yongpin, MI4 fuliao 3 iJM tiaoliao 
dressing gown MA chen yT 
dressing room [®JI^+J ikik'sL [juy- 
uan+] huazhuangshi, [WW%+] MAiH 
[tTyuchang+] gengyTshi 
dressy adj shfmao de, 

piaoliang de 
drew See draw 
drib v Til dl, diandl 
in dribs and drabs 
diandian dldTdi de, IfngxTng de 

dribble v 1 Ml ( P 7.K ) liu (koushuT), 

( PtK ) tang (koushuT) 2 is ( ^ ) 
yun (qiu) 

drift I n i iMMt piaoliu, Ml^I liudong 2 W 
xue duT, tP# sha dui II v MMt piao- 
liu, Mt^I liudong 



330 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



to drift apart [AfllA+J #r#rS8i3 [ren 
he ren+] jianjian shuyuan 
drifter n piaobozhe, 

liulangzhe 

drill I n 1 ffifWl zuankongji 2 
caolian 3 yanxf 
fire drill xiaofangyanxi 

II v 1 zuankong 2 ijl|£& xunlian, % 
caolian 

drink I n i yTnliao 

cold drink k lengyin 

2 Hi'M hejiu, HM xujiu II v (pt drank; 
pp drunk) 1 ^ he 2 hejiu, PM'/® 
xujiu 

drinking problem n H&fttfnljil xujiu 
went! 

drip I v fif dT, WT dT xia II n i M dT, fjfzK 
^ dishuT sheng 2 jingmai 

dizhuqi 

drip-feed #£ftk'/ifX jingmai dT zhu 
drip-dry adj '/Hi 11 dT gan 
drive I v (pt drove; pp driven) 1 
jiashT, XX kaiche 2 yongche 

song 3 /X gan, MM qugan II n 1 XX 
kaiche, ^X chengche 
to drive ... crazy/nuts 
bTde...fafeng, Mt#-"5s£X7 bide... 
shoubuliao 

2 XfisloA benneng yaoqiu 
sex drive j^Xfis xing benneng, 
xingyu 

3 iszsfj yundong 
membership drive 
fazhan xTnhui yuan yundong 

4 Xj^J ganjin, PjfeA poll 5 ( rWfJl ) M 
5W (jisuanjT) qudongqi 

drivel n hushuo badao 

driven 1 See drink 

driven 2 adj you jiquxin de 

driver n jiashTyuan, sTJT 

driver's license jiashT zhizhao 

driveway n ( f£A ) XiH (siren) chedao 
drizzle I n xiyu, XXM maomaoyu 
II v T^ffl Wi xiaxi yu, T xia 
maomaoyu 

droll adj T#ffTFT^:£ft gujT kexiao de, AM 
gu IT guguai de 



drug 

drone I v fachu wengweng- 

sheng II n 1 P$) D liX wengwengsheng 

2 X&$ gongfeng, xiongfeng 3 X 

iitlr wuxiandian yaokong 
shebei, XA^PitlXtll wuren jiashT feijT 
drool I v tfftPzK liu koushuT II n PX 
koushuT 

droop v {l£il dTchuf, TH xiachui 
drop I v 1 $XF luoxia 2 FX xiache 

3 Tl>^ xiajiang 4 XmX / 
wuyizhong/turan shuochu 
to drop a bomb 

turan shuochu jTngren xiaoxi 
5 jiang.. .churning, XP& kaichu 

to drop anchor jfi&fffl paomao 
to drop by/in MMMiTi shundao baifang 
to drop dead huran shiwang 

II n 1 X/if shuTdT 

a drop in the bucket IFXXifr beishuT 
chexTn 

eye/ear/nose drops BH / / JM5X 

yan/erduo/bi yaoshuT 
2 xiajiang 3 kong tou 
air drops of relief supplies 
kong tou jiuji wuzT 
dropout n zhongtu 

chuoxue de ren 
dropper n '/if If dTguan 
droppings n [Mj+] M [niao+] shT, 
[d6ngwu+] fenbian 
drought n X-r- ganhan, hanzai 
drove 1 v See drive 

drove 2 n 1 — yiqun shengchu 2 — * 
AHA yi da qun ren 
drown v 1 '/^X yansT 2 jinpao 
drowsy adj hunhun yushui de 

drudge I n zuo 

fanzhong wuliao gongzuo de ren II v f#t 
zuo fanzhong wuliao 

de gongzuo 

drudgery n ^SAiP #jXf£ fanzhong 
wuliao de gongzuo, nSfX kugong 
drug I n 1 fSpo dupTn 
drug addict xlduzhe 

drug dealing/trafficking 5K# fandu 
drug rehabilitation xldu 

kangfu, ffi# jie du 



331 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



drugstore 



hard drugs ®J^po judupin 
to do drugs xfdu 
2 yao, l*jpp yaopin II v 1 ( ) 

(yongyao) mazui 2 
toufang mazuiyao 

drugstore n i zahuodian [m. wd 

% jia] 2 1^0 yaodian [m. wd % jia] 
drum I n 1 gu [m. wd ffi mian] 2 A'/fi 
fl da youtong II v [iif+] [jT+] gu 
drummer n I£T gushou 
drumstick n i jrtui [m. wd ^ tiao] 

2 ifclil guchui [m. wd fB gen] 
drunk I v See drink II adj hezui 
drunk driving, drink driving 
jiuhou jiache 

III n zuiguT, jiuguT 

drunkard n zuiguT, jiuguT 

drunken adj hezui jiu de 

dry I adj 1 ~P gan, ganzao 

dry clean ganxT 

dry goods (D Tjq ganhuo (D tfr£Rpp 
fangzhTpTn 

2 T [+ii#?M] gan [+putaojiu] 3 
[+i$fM] fawei de [+kecheng] II v 
T sKL.bian gan, ®T shaigan 
dryer, drier n '#RP#l hongganjT 
dual adj shuangchong de 

dual nationality MlHlil shuangchong 
guoji 

dub v 1 £n"-|£^§‘ gei...qi chuohao 
2 [£p%0+] Eda 1 [gei dianying+] peiyln 
dubious adj keyf de, 
bukekao de 

duck I n yazi [m. wd R zhl] II v f££ 
T^cl&iSt [RTiiTl^Bk] dTxia tou duobl 
[+daguolai de qiu], wanyao 

duobi, lAlJP shankai 

duckling n AIIT xiao yazi [m. wd R zhl] 
duct n Ifli guandao 
dud adj IM^J feiwu 
dude n HA nanren 
dude ranch dujia muchang 

due I adj 1 daoqT de 

due date (D yuchanqT © il/nffi 

PB zuihou qTxian 
2 yingfu de 



hefa de susong chengxu 
due to ST youyu 
II n ylngyou de quanyi 

dues z? MU huiyuanfei 
duel n i ikkWis^i+] [tiyu 

yundong+] jilie de jingzheng 2 i§ 
chunqiang shejian de 

zhenglun 

duet n — erchongchang, — H# 
erchongzou 
dug See dig 

dugout n i 'ffaM 

[bangqiu chang bian dT de +] xiuxipeng 
2 dumuzhou [m. wd R zhl] 

dull adj 1 [+%5£] chenmen de 

[+dianying] 2 [R^T] yuben de 

[+haizi] 3 [+ZJ] dun de [+dao] 

4 [+$9iS] yTnyln de [+tengtong] 

duly adv 'la'^itil qiadang de, 
ylngdang de 

dumb I adj 1 MtTft yuchun de 2 

yaba de II v ba... 

gaode guoyu jiandan 
dumbbell n i®# yaling 
dumbfounded adj 
jlngya de bu zhT suo cud, 
jlngya jfle 

dummy I n 1 bendan 2 AA^ 

W. rent! rnoxing 3 t^$lj#pp fangzhi 
yangpin II adj fangzhen de, IPi 

jiade 

dump v 1 diudiao [+Iaj7], 

[+^>Mfc] diuqi [+nanpengyou] 

2 MU [+^jJpp] qTngxiao [+shangpin], 
Mf'J qTngdao 3 [%©+] ft# [+AR] 
[diannao+] zhuancun [+wenjian] 
dumpster n zhuang lajT 

de da tietong 

dunce n ,#.^^A yuben de ren 

dune n shaqiu 

dung n niufen, [^J^i^+] 

[dongwu de+] fenbian 
dungeon n WlT dilao 
dunk v 1 JC [+#^] ba [+shfwu] 

jin yixia 2 [£§:J£+] [lanqiu+] koulan 
duo n WA^llt liang renbiao yan 
dupe I v qlpian, hongpian 



due process, due process of law ofs 

332 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



earmark 



II n 5£3iLh^l^A shoupian shangdang 
de ren 

duplex n erlianshi zhuzhai 

duplicate I n Jon fuzhipTn, S'JX fuben 

duplicate of a key peizhi 

de yaoshi 

in duplicate — yi she liangfen 
II v JtiM fuzhi 
duplicity n ffldfe qTzha 
durable adj naiyong de 

duration n chixu shijian 

duress n Mill xiepo, Mill weibT 
during prep it- -M b] zai...qTjian 
dusk n huanghun shifen 

from dawn till dusk JsMFXM cong zao 
dao wan 

dust I n huTchen II v i ca 

qu huTchen 2 Tt-Jlftfe zai... 

shang sa [+fenzhuangwu] 
duster n danzi, WM mabu 
dusty adj man shi huTchen de 

Dutch I n 1 infSiu Helanyu 2 infSA 
Helanren II adj helan de 

to go Dutch ge fu ge de 

zhang, ping tan feiyong 

dutiful adj jinzhi de, JKIM.W 

shuncong de 

duty n 1 MU zeren, SL%- yiwu 
sense of duty zerengan 
garbage duty ( 0# ) 

(richang) dao laji de gongzuo 
2 shui 

customs duty guanshui 

duty-free adj ifeM mianshui 
DVD (= digital video disk) abbrev 
^^S,shuzi shipin guangpan,DVD 
dwarf I n /H&A xiao'airen, fikM zhuru 
II v {sH-'IMfMSfcX shT...xiande weixiao 
dwell (pt & pp dwelled, dwelt) v ®fi 
juzhu 

to dwell on (sth) laoshi 

xiangdao, shuo ge meiwan 

dwelled, dwelt See dwell 
dweller n juzhu 

zai...de ren/dongwu 
dwindle v yuelaiyue shao, 

MX yuelaiyue xiao 



dye I n ranliao II v ran 
dynamic adj ft A3Efi|5G*J jTngli chongpei 
de, shengqi bobo de 

dynamics n 3frA^ donglixue, A^ lixue 
dynamite I n j$t!i zhayao II v ( ) 

(yong zhayao) zhahuT 
dynamo n i zhiliu fadianjT 

2 fiA^E^^A jTngli chongpei de ren 

3 'JMAl^J^jA qiangda de dongli 

dynasty n chaodai, X|f] wangchao 
dysentery n liji 

dysfunctional adj i 

weifa zhengchang guTfan de 2 
you gongneng zhang'ai de 
dyslexia n songdu kunnan 

zheng, songdu kunnan 

E 

each adj, pron # ge, mei 
each other t&lft bicT, SIB huxiang 
eager adj reqie, rezhong 
eagle n M yTng, MM laoyTng 
eagle-eyed adj muguang 

ruili de 

ear 1 n 1 5 er, erduo 2 Wrlffc tTngjue, 

p Jt A tTngli 

to be all ears :£#1fiifeflOT quanshen 
guanzhu de tTng 
to be out on one's ears 
beipo likai 

to go in one ear and out the other 
KSTfeiS, — 'KSTfedj yi zhT erduo jin, 
yi zhT erduo chu, zhTdang 

erbianfeng 

ear 2 n [M.+] [mai+] sui 

eardrum n ermo 

earl] I adj i hen zao de 

The early bird catches the worm. IMS 
o ) ZaoqT 

de niaor chTdao chong. (— > Jiezu xiandeng.) 
2 MlM chuqT II adv 1 -¥■ zao 2 -¥$3 
zaoqT, %J]M chuqT 

earmark I v 

zhiding...zuowei zhuanmen kuanxiang 
II n tezheng, biaoji 



333 




earn 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



earn v 1 zhengqian, Wtk zhuanqian 
earned income laodong 

shouru, X$? gongzT 
to earn one's keep 
zuogong huanqu shfsu 

2 $t# huode, M# yingde 
earnest I adj iAH$J renzhen de II n 

yansu renzhen 

in earnest fAJCJtil renzhen de 
earnings n X^f gongzT, frX xTnshui 
earphones n erjT [m. wd §'J fu] 
earplugs n MM ersai 
earring n MM erhuan [m. wd I‘J fu] 
earshot n ke tTngjian de julf 

within earshot zai 

tTngde dao de fanwei 
out of earshot zai 

tTngbudao de fanwei 
earth n i ffeEk diqiu 2 MX nitu 
what on earth daodT, %% jiujing 

3 tSI?- shijie 4 Aftil dadi, ii® dimian 
to come down to earth HUMjJW 
hufdao xianshf 

earthly adj shisu de, 
chenshi de 

no earthly reason M3cM& haowu 
ITyou 

earthquake n ilfeft dizhen 
earth-shattering adj 
jTngtian dongdi de 

earthworm n qiuyin [m. wd tiao] 

earthy adj 1 ziran de, 

pushi de 2 MX#J nitu de 
ease I n 1 ( Xffc ) (gongzuo) rongyi 
ease of use shTyong fangbian 

2 ( (shenghuo) anyi, ffiil 
shush 1 

at ease wuju wushu, 

M. qTngsong zizai 

3 (junshi kouling) 
shaoxT II v /JnSc$£ [+Xf^^t&] jianqTng 
[+gongzuo fudan],itfn 

huanhe [+jinzhang jushi] 
easel n 0^ huajia 

easily adv 1 rongyi de, XHAftt 1 

bu feili de 2 0£JM:Wl mingxian de, 

Ip) meiyou yfwen 



east I n M dong, dongmian II adj 
^ dong, dongmian III adv 
chaodong, 0^ xiangdong 
the East MM dongfang 
the Middle East MM Zhongdong 
eastbound adj xiang dong de 

Easter n JOSp Fuhuojie 
Easter egg Fuhuojie caidan 

eastern adj dongmiande, 

dongfangde 

eastward adj chao dongmian 

de 

easy I adj 1 WMt rongyi 
Easier said than done. 

*§io Shuoshuo rongyi zuoqilai nan. 
to take it easy S'jA#,, fS'fS^o Bie 
zhaoji, manman lai. 
easy money hen rongyi 

zhuan de qian,3l^##Mfi4^ laide 
rongyi de qian 

2 qTngsong de, Afl!l^J fangbian 

de 

I'm easy. ^cPilfMo Wo sufbian. fl^pf 
IAo Dou keyi. 

II adv fangsong 
easygoing adj Piffle sufhe de, 
xTnpingqihe de 

eat (pt ate; pp eaten) v chi, chTfan 

to eat one's heart out MflP jidu, 
nanguo 

to eat one's word chen- 

gren shuocuo le hua 
eaten See eat 
eaves n Mlt wuyan 
eavesdrop v im^fx touting, W a Jr qietlng 
ebb n, v ili^ tuichao 
ebb and flow qifu, zhangluo 
to ebb away MM shuaitui, 
zhujian jianshao 

e-book n XXX ( itf ) dianzT shu (jf) 
ebullience n xlnxT 
e-business n XXW# dianzT shangwu 
eccentric I adj guaidan de II n 
M&tlA guaidan de ren, t^A guairen 
echc I n 1 0^ hufsheng, 0 h hufyln 
2 ( (yijian/ganqing 

de) gongmfng II v 1 fachu 



334 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



ego 



huisheng, 0 H|r) huixiang 2 IftffP fuhe, H 
% chongfu 

eclipse I n 0^ rishf, A "it yueshf II v i 
[+ 0 A A] zhebi [+riguang hud 
yueguang] 2 Jj£M shengguo 
ecological adj *fe&33 shengtai de 
ecology n ^ ) shengtai (xue) 
e-commerce n e dianzi 
shangwu, dianzi shangye 

economic adj £5'$r33 jTngji de 
economica adj t^' 33 jiesheng de, "v 
f&33 jiejian de 

economics n i in/lr# JTngjixue 2 t&frM 
Si jTngji yiyi, 0^ jTngji yTnsu 
economist n JTngjixuejia 

economize v tT# jiesheng 
economy I n 1 jTngji 
market economy shichang 

jTngji 

service-based economy 

3Sfi!ij33£5$r yT fuwu hangye wei jTchu 
de jTngji 

2 tT# jiesheng, np^tj jieyue II adj MJC 
33 pianyi de, £5'$if33 jTngji de 
economy pack jTngji bao 
ecosystem n shengtai xitong 

ecstasy n i $EH kuangxi 2 
yaotouwan 

eczema n shTzhen 
eddy I n MM xuanwo II v qi 
xuanwo 

edge I n 1 ii bian, j&H bianyuan 2 ffc# 
youshi, 3t#-A jingzhengli 
to gain a competitive edge 
fic^ huode jingzheng youshi 
II v 1 Mjia bian 2 manman 
yiddng 3 jianjian fazhan 

edgy adj jTnzhang bu'an de 

edible adj nfl^11tffl33 key! shiyong de 
edict n faling [m. wd Sik tiao] 
edification n Iotp qishi 
edifice n hongwei de 

jianzhuwu, A1# dalou 
edify v %SC\% jiaohui, JF# kaidao 
edit v bianji 

edition n 1 banben 2 — M yi ji, — 
$3 yiqT 



first edition (of a book) ( — 2fcA33 ) 
% (yi ben shu de) diyiban 
editor n bianji 
editorial n l±i£ shelun [m. wd M pian] 
educate v f&W jiaoyu, ijll^ xunlian 
educated adj ^£iitfcW33 shouguo jiaoyu 
de, W£PiR33 you zhTshi de 
education n IfcW jiaoyu 
educational adj OTT33 jiaoyu de, 
^iM.Si &\ J you jiaoyu yiyi de 
edutainment n / *IMtT B 

jiaoyu yule dianying/dianshi jiemu 
eel n It man, ItlS. manyu [m. wd ^ tiao] 
eerie adj guaiyi er kongbu 

de 

effect I n xiaoguo, zuoyong 
side effect ( $jpp33 ) S'Jffcffl (yaopin 
de) fuzuoyong 
II v 31 yinqi, zaocheng 
to effect immediate change jlPP 3I££ 
liji yinqi bianhua 
effective adj W££33 youxiao de 
to be/become effective shengxiao 
effects n fAA^pp sTren wupln 
effeminate adj AcA'nifitl nurenqi de, $1 
niangniangqiang de 

effervescent adj if ^’#2 33 mao qipao de 
efficiency n xiaolu 
efficient adj ©^$33 gaoxiaolii de 
effigy n mom xiang 

effluent n V3A wushuT, feiye 
effort n 1 nuli, qi li 2 ^A feili, 
^^33¥ tongku de shi 
effortless adj ^FItA33 bu feili de 
effusive adj ( ) $Vl1f33 (guoyu) re- 
qing de,^'lH#^t33 reqing benfang de 
e.g. (= for example) abbrev $\i\\ liru 
egg I n 1 H dan, X!|lt jTdan 2 W luan 
egg cell W$S\Vk luanxibao 
II v J&M* songyong, gudong 
eggplant n qiezi 
eggshell n Wyt danke 
ego n § ziwo 

an ego trip ^ ziwo 
biaoxian de xingwei 
to have a big ego 0 zi 

yiwei hen liaobuqT 



335 




egotistical 

egotistical adj iiSilll A#J zigao zida de, 
§ zifu de 

egregious adj J jf huai de, 4* AH 
‘t^^J ling ren zhenjTng de 
eight num A ba, 8 
eighteen num A A shfba, 18 
eighteenth num HA A di shfba 
eighth num HA di ba 
either I adj (of two) fAftf - *A renhe yf ge, 
WAfft liang ge dou II pron (of two) ii 
fwT — * A renhe yf ge III adv til ( X ) ye (bu) 
either ... or ... ...huozhe..., 

bu shi...jiushi... 
ejaculate v iTtft shejTng 
eject v dan chu, tuTchu 
eke v (to eke out) ( Xi+ ) 

mianqiang weichf (shengji) 
elaborate I adj JTngxTn zhi- 

zuo de, jingxin sheji de 

II v xiangxi shuomfng 

elapse v ( B^|hJ ) (shfjian) guoqu, 
W& liushi 

elastic I adj 1 you tanxing de 

2 [+fH&J] you shensuoxing 

de [+jihua] II n xiangpfquan, 

MtIj songjTndai 
elasticity n j&tt tanxing 
elated adj xTnxT de 
elation n JcfcH xTnxT 
elbow I n 1 ft zhou, zhou bu 2 A 
yTfu de zhou bu II v 
yong zhou ji kai 

elder I adj nianzhang de 

elder brother tTO gege 
elder sister £1M jiejie 
II n zhangzhe, zhangbei 
elderly adj laonian de, ±T 

shangle nianjl de 
elderly man/gentleman 
laoxiansheng 

elderly woman/lady 3£AA laotaitai 
elect I v 1 xuanju 

[+guohui yiyuan] 

president-elect dangxuan 

zongtong 

2 xuanze II adj dang- 

xuanle de 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



election n xuanju 
elective I n l&fiJBJI xuanxiuke [m. wd H 
men] II adj i [+f^j xuanju 

chansheng de [+daibiao] 2 
[+'?n^T] xuanzexing de [+zhiliao], 4N& 
ffir&iJ [+i$f£] fei bixu de [+kecheng] 
electoral adj yu xuanju 

youguan de 

electoral college ffl zongtong 

xuanju tuan 

electorate n quantf xuanmfn 

electric adj i % ( dian(qi) de 
electric chair Aft dianyT 
2 jTdong renxTn de 

electrical See electric adj i 
electrician n Eiil diangong 
electricity ni ^ dian 2 
jfqf jTdong de qfngxu, fffcllt jiqfng 
electrify vi f [+$d&l^] %%4k 
shT [+tielu xitong] dianqihua, 
gongdian 2 f;£ [+PJTA] J shT 

[+tTngzhong] wanfen jTdong 
electrocute v 1 chudian shen- 

wang 2 yong dianxfng chusT 

electrode n M dianjf 
electron n dianzT 
electronic adj dianzT de, 
yong dianzi caozuo de 
electronic funds transfer 
dianzT zTjTn zhuanzhang 
electronics n i [¥>}+] [xuexf-i-] 

dianzTxue 2 [^;M+] %AlDlk [fazhan+] 
dianzT gongye 3 [P!^+] 

[goumai +] dianzT shebei 
elegance n itM youya, gaoya 
elegant adj youya de, 
gaoya de 

element n i tcM yuansu [m. wd # 
zhong] 2\MM yTnsu, chengfen 

to be in one's element shi 

de qf suo 

the elements elie tianqi 

elementary adj i chDjf de 

elementary school xiaoxue 
2 jTben de 

an elementary right jTben 

de quanli 



336 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



elephant n xiang, XHt daxiang 
elevate v ■ ■-tfr shT. . .shangsheng , 

5Y tisheng 

elevated adj i gaochu 

dimian de 

an elevated highway gaojia 

gonglu 

2 piangao de 

elevator n diantT [m. wd W> bu], JY 
shengjiangjT [m. wd nfl bu] 
eleven num +— shiyT, 1 1 
eleventh num H+-' di shiyT 
at the eleventh hour J zuihou 

yike 

elf n <MH.PI. xiaojTngling 
elicit v 31th yinchu, S?ttJ taochu 
to elicit a response #5dlHjS dedao 
hu lying 

eligible adj 1 you zTge de 

2 heshi de [+hunyTn 

duixiang] 

eliminate v i fffl^ [+$H£] xiaochu 
[+fenqi], fflA xiaomie 2 iHtfc [+]$!¥■] 
taotai [+xuanshou] 

elite I n jTngyTng II adj jTngrui 

de, jfoth&iJ jiechu de 
elite troops jTngrui budui 

elixir n lingdan miaoyao 

elk n ihfclM tuolu, JM mi 
ellipse n tfllll tuoyuan 
ellipsis n 1 shenglue 2 

shengluehao (...) 

elongate v shL.bian de 
shduchang, lachang 
elongate adj shouchang de 
elope v fA^ sTben 
eloquent adj xiongbian de, 
koucai jihao de 

else adv MM biede, qita de 
elsewhere adv biede difang, M 

qita difang 

elucidate v |iTO chanming, 
jieshi qTngchu 

elude v taobi, i&iBl duobi 
elusive adj 1 [+ja^/] hen nan 

buzhuo de [+liewu] 2 [+i^J 

X] nanyi shuoqTng de [+ciyi] 



embryo 

emaciated adj MSfifKl xiaoshou de, ti'l$ 
63 qiaocui de 

email, e-mail I n dianzT you- 

jian, fWHUL yT meir 
e-mail address dianzT 

youjian dizhT 

II gei...fa dianzi 

youjian 

emanate v 5l£ii laizi,^il fazi 
emancipate v M-tk jiefang 
embalm v zuo fangfu chulT 

embankment n $11# dT'an, dTwei 

embargo n, v MM jinyun 
embark v i ±~h#l shang feijT, ± 

$0 shang chuan 2 th^t chufa, 
qTcheng 

to embark on sth kaishT zuo 

moushi 

embarrass v shT nankan, ® 

•••®^j‘IW shT...nanweiqing 
embassy n A^tt dashTguan 
the American embassy in Beijing H 
S^bMA^tf Meiguo zhu Beijing 
dashiguan 

embattled adj i ( ?&A ) hi III 63 bei 

(diren) baowei de 2 kunnan 

chongchong de 

embed v 1 MA charu 2 M$L shen zhi 
embellish v 1 3itf|T zhuangshi, 
xiushi 2 in l+i&l?] gei [gushi+] 

tian zhT jia ye 
ember n yujin 
embezzle v tanwu, fS# qlntun 
embittered adj yuanhen de, 
yuanfen de 

emblem n biaozhi, xiangzheng 
embodiment n jfcjf huashen, fcM tTxian 
emboss v yong fudiao 

tu'an zhuangshi 

embrace v i l+)WA] yongbao 
[+pengyou] 2 [+2iiA] caina 

[+jianyi], jieshou 
embroider v i xiu, MM cixiu 2 in [+ 
i^C^] ^VEhAlP@H gei [+gushi] tian you 
jia cu 

embroiled adj l£#A bei juanru 
embryo n EUp peitai 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



embryonic 

embryonic adj sflPPMSM chuyu 

mengya jieduan de, HilfeiMtl gang 
q)bu de 

emcee (abbrev me) n RHX sTyi 
emerald n feicui, SS5 lubaoshi 
emerge v MSI xianlu, tBJK chuxian 
emergency n jTnjf qingkuang 

emergency landing jTnji 

jianglud 

emergency room (ER) DjBCiE jijiushi, 
jizhenshi 

emergency services K#,JS$n|Sn jinji 
yingbian bumen 
emeritus adj SlfM rongyu de 
professor emeritus SHiSfriMS 
rongyu tuixiu jiaoshou 
emigrant n ( ) fJR (yiju 
waiguo de) yimin 

emigrate v ( l"l£h ) (xiangwai) yimin 

eminent adj zhuming de, iSdj 

M jiechu de 

emirate n ( Hfiffi ) ArfcBI (Alabd) 
qiuzhangguo 

emission n paiqi, paifang wu 

emitvSitB fachu 
e-money n dianzi huobi 

emoticon n biaoqing fuhao 

emotion n SS'Ih ganqing 
emotion, adj 1 ganqing de 

emotional quotient (EQ) ‘I#® 
qingshang 

2 'WSiliSl S’) qingxu jfddng 

de [+qiusai guanzhong], ffinffllMil 
ganqing yongshi de 
empathize v WR® you tonggan 
empathy n R® tonggan 
emperor n Mfif huangdi [m. wd fit wei] 
emphasis n i IDS zhongdian 2 fiStt 
zhdngyaoxing 

to give/place emphasis on JM 
zhongshi, 3fiiH qiangdiao 
emphasize v 5SiH qiangdiao 
empire n ?SBI diguo 
empirical adj jTngyan de, i 

shiyan de 

employ v 1 ilffl guyong,Kffl pinyong 
2 I'ilJfl shfyong 



employee n US guyuan 
employer n guzhu 
employment N 1 sfolk jiuye 2 ffiffi shfyong 
emporium n da baihud 

shangchang 

empowe v£a—&Ctl gei...quanli, ffi—W 
tX shf...youquan 

empress n icS nuhuang [m. wd fit wei], 
SB Huanghou [m. wd fit wei] 
emptiness n i Sffi ( Pi®^ ) kongxu 
(de ganjue) 2 fSBT kongkuang 
empt adj 1 5 kong, kong de 2 5 
iRM kongdong de, kdngxu de 

empty-handed adj MSSSflil 
liangshou kongkong de, — SSIfStM 
yfwu sub hud de 

emulate v 1 f7; & fangxiao, mofang 

2 ttH fangzhen 

enable v shf...nenggbu 

enact v Sll£ [+ftSl] zhiding [+fagui] 
enamel n 1 SHE tangci 2 falangzhi 

enamored adj JUS; milian, U3I xt’ai 
encase v fUtt baozhu 
enchanted adj i ftjfiTSfiW i+tSfl 
bei shT le mbfa de [-t-jingzi] 2 [Aji'ltfl'j [+ 
SA] taozui de [+qmgren] 
enchanting adj ling ren 

taozui de 

encircle v ISSP weirao, Jf'fS huanrao 
enclave n UBfli jujudi 
enclose v 1 W_h fushang 2 SHi weizhu 
enclosure n i H® weichang, Hfft 
quandi 2 ( fa'f 1 ) (xinzhong) fujian 

encompass v i fUffi baokuo, fief 
baohan 2 HtS weirao, Hitt weizhu 
encore I n iP'SffliTi’lil jia yan de jiemu 
II interj RjR— 'h zai lai yi ge 
encounter I v ( ) iBSJ (yiwai) 

yudao II n IfliS xiangyu, iB® zaoyu 
a close encounter ifiifEfSiSiS jinjuli 
zaoyu 

encourage v S® gull, zhTchi 

encroach v qTnzhan, Sft canshi 
encruste 1 adj fugai qiang 

yingke de 

encrypt v ia i+it^tll] JPffi gei 
[-t-jisuanjT] jiami 



338 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



encumbrance n SHU zu'ai, iAM fang'ai 
encyclopedia n baike quanshu 

end I n i jintou 
end zone qiumenqu 

2 2nM jieju, jieshu 3 @ mudi 

to make ends meet shouzhT 

xiangdT 
II v jieshu 
All's well that ends well. 

o Jieguo hao cai shl yiqie dou hao. 
endanger v ft— ^H%l& shi...chuyu 
weixian, MR weijf 
an endangered species 
blnwei wuzhong 

endear v shT...shou huanying 
endearment n zR§ll$ Iflf shl ai de 
yanxing 

a term of endearment aicheng 
endeavor I n M fl null, xingdong 

human endeavor A^SfSslJ renlei 
huoddng 
II v t&tJ null 

endemic adj itilA'l4$J [+^ji*j] difangxing 
de [+jibing] 

ending n jieju, jiewei 
endless adj meiwan meiliao 

de, AfAlhG^ wu xiuzhT de 
endorse v i ftl^I [+frSJji+jc!j] zantong 
[4-xingddng jihua], AJ# zhTchf 2 [+ 

beishu [+zhTpiao] 3 A H-z^pp] ft 
s wei [+chanpin] daiyan 
endowment n i flljj juanzhu, flUj 
juanzhuwu 2 [Ef/fc+j AM [yTnyue+] 
tianfu 

endurance n rennaili, iifA naili 

endure v 1 Sit rennai, ren shou 
2 ( ~FA ) chfxu (xiaqu) 

enduring adj f#A$J chfjiu de 
enemy n r&A diren 
arch enemy touhao diren, A 

T$C dadi 

energetic adj ft AAfrfJ^ jlngll chongpei 
de 

energy n i fit A jlngli, Vi§A huoli 2 ifc 
neng,fisil nengliang 
solar/atomic energy APB / 
taiyang/yuanzTneng 



enjoy 

enforce v ( (qiangzhi) 
zhixing, shishT 
engage v 1 pinyong 2 >9£4l [+A 

@] xTyln [+xiqu] 3 Aj [+$C^] ^CiSc yu 
[+dijun] jiaozhan 

engaged adj 1 dingle hun de 

2 (dianhua) zhanxian 

engagement n i iT£f dinghun 
engagement ring "OTf^cfa dinghun 
jiezhi 

2 yuehui 

a previous engagement 

z? yTjing dinghaode yuehui 

3 ( "W-TA ) (jundui) jiaozhan 

engender v 4lfe yinqi, daozhi 
engine n 1 415?^ yinqing, fadongjT 

2 Dl$ jTche 

fire engine Ml$f$ xiaofangche 
engineer n 1 XfMjJilJ gongchengshT 
civil/electronics/software engineer 
XA / XX / ^fXXfSjJTP tumu/dianzT/ 
ruanjian gongchengshT 
2 ffefllia lunjTyuan, AA^JUl huoche 
sTjT 

engineering n X^e gongcheng, 

^7# gongchengshT hangye 

hydraulic engineering zK^ijXfM shuili 
gongcheng 

Englisl I n 1 Yingyu 2 AI&AA 
YTnggelanren, ^SA Yfngguoren 

American English Meishi 

YTngyu 

British English AAAia YTngshi YTngyu 
II adj 1 YTnggelan de, 

YTngguo de 2 AialA YTngyu de 
engrave v JH^ll diaoke 
be engraved on one's mind 
4* mingke zai nao zhong 
engrossed adj quanshen 

guanzhu de 
engulf v tunmo 

enhance v tigao, gaijin 
enigma n / 9% shenmi de 

ren/shiwu 

enjoy v i xT'ai 2 9^ xiangshou 

to enjoy oneself 3TX kaixTn, 

'tfe guode hen yukuai 



339 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



enjoyable 

enjoyable adj tfPj'l&fPj yukuai de, 4^66*1 
kaixTn de 

enlarge v MX fangda, ifi A zengda 
enlargement n i MX fangda, 
zengda 2 fangda de 

zhaopian 

enlighten v Jaifi qidi, 4F# kaidao 
enlightened adj kaiming de, ^ 

mingzhi de 

enlist v l ) qingqiu (bang- 

zhu) 2 MU ( ^P-IA ) canjia (jundui) 
enliven v shiL.shengdong 

youqu 

en masse adv quant!, Sllfc zhengtT 
enmity n I&m diyi, fMH chouhen 
enormity n i jianju xing 2 
yanzhongxing 

enormous adj IelA#) juda de 
enough I pron zugou II adv 
zugou, $$ gou 

enrage v !(£•■• A2S shT... da nu, jTnu 
enraged adj it&i&ffo jTnu de, da 
nu de 

enrich v i [+;£&&$&] shT [+wen- 
hua shenghuo] fengfu 2 SS-ffc qianghua 
3 shT...fuyu 

enrc v ISilX [+^£] zhaoshou [+xue- 
sheng] 

enrollment n A^ ruxue, '/ii!# zhuce 
en route adv 4 hl&± zai lushang, ?&j& 
yantu 

ensemble n i xiao yuedui 2 

chengtao de dongxi 

enshrine v zhencang, mingji 
ensign n i ( HIU ) (Meiguo) 

haijun shaowei 2 jian qi 
enslave v nuyi 
ensue v ( llclf ) (jiezhe) fasheng 

ensure v quebao, tJLfM danbao 
entail v ffirll xuyao 

entanglement n #A juanru, jiufen 
enter v i i2A jinru 2 ipA jiaru, mu 
canjia 3 ( ) ftPjA [+{@.§0 

(zai jisuanjT IT) shuru [+xinx7] 
enterprise n i qTye [m. wd % jia] 

2 JFfrJfff# kaichuang jTngshen, frjikfti 
X chuangye nengli 



enterprising adj fuyou 

chuangye jTngshen de 
entertain v i shi...gaoxing 

2 JSl# zhaodai 3 ( WJi ; ) baoyou 

(xiangfa) 

entertainment n i Mifc yule, @ 
wenyu jiemu 2 ffiW zhaodai 
entertainment center yule 

zhongxTn 

entertainment cost zhaodaifei 

enthrall v^-’-Ai^ shT...rumi, 
mizhu 

enthralling adj ^AAj^^ shiren rumi 
de, feichang youqu de 

enthuse v reqing gaozhang 

enthusiasm n i #VIh reqing 2 
M jida de xingqu 

enthusiastic adj $Vlitl^J reqing de 
entice v youhud, yinyou 
enticing adj Wi you youhuoli de, 
i^A^J miren de 

entire adj quanbu de, zhengge 

entirety n ^nP quanbu, zhengge 

entitle v i shi...youquan 2 

j§i%i gei... timing 

entitled adj 1 youquanli de 

2 4$ ( ) ^ nL l shu (dianyTng, 

xi) ming jiao 
entity n shiti 

entomology n kunchongxue 

entourage n Pil'fTAM suixing renyuan 
entrails n l^jM neizang, M4 1 changzi 
entrance n i AP rukou 2 i2A jinru 
entranced adj zhaomi de 

entrant n cansaizhe 

entrap v shT. . . 

xianruquantao, youpian 

entreat v kenqiu 
entree n 1 zhucai 2 iSA^X jinru 
quan, iSAi^^T jinru xuke 
entrenched adj genshen 

digu de, buke dongyao de 

entrepreneur n qiyejia 

entrust v #46 weituo 
entry n i i2A jinru 
No Unauthorized Entry ^A^A 
feigong moru 



340 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



equity 



2 An rukou, iSAilili jinru tongdao 

3 ( i^J^I ) (cfdian) ci tiao, 
tiaomu 4 #^f^pn cansai zuopin 

entwined adj jiaocud zai 

ylqT de, miqie youguan de 

enumerate v lieju 
enunciate v iaP±^ qTngxT de 

fayin tuzi 

envelop v baozhu, guo zhu 

envelope n Ib# xinfeng 

stamped addressed envelope 

tiehao youpiao 

xiehao dizhi de hufxin xinfeng 
enviable adj jiao ren xianmu 

de 

envious adj xianmu de, 

duji de 

environment n huanjing 

natural environment S^I^^ziran 
huanjing 

pollution of the environment PFfiN 
huanjing wuran 

environments! adj huanjing de 

environs n i^HI zhouwei 
envisage v MM zhanwang, xiang- 
xiang 

envision v iitSI shexiang, SifU xiang- 
xiang 

envoy n {<£# shizhe [m. wd fu wei], 

'S' waijiaoguan [m. wd fu wei] 
envy I v xianmu, MW* jfdu II n i M 
H xianmu, » jfdu 2 
bei ren xianmu de dongxi 
the envy of the world AAfflMM 
renren dou xianmu de 

dongxi/shiwu 
enzyme n SI mei 

ephemeral adj duanzan de, 
shunxT de 

epic I n 5&i# shishT, ( T& 

d N ij& ) shTshT ban de dianying (hud 
xiaoshuo) II adj 1 shishT de 2 

ylngxiong de, hongwei de 

epicenter n ( jtiiSt ) M'h (dizhen) 
zhongxTn, H4 1 zhenzhong 
epidemic n liuxfngbing, 

chuanranbing [m. wd # zhong] 



epilepsy n $j5$i dianxian, 
yangxianfeng 

epilogue n 1 tnM jiewei, zhong- 
chang 2 jieshuyu 

episode n i ( ) — 'M (lianxuju) yi 
jf 2 ^xMAj yfduan jTngli 
epistle n 451a shuxin, fs xin 
epitaph n muzhimfng 

epithet n i [Y5#l4fft+] 

[wuruxing de+] miaoxie cfyu 2 ££**§• 
chuohao, biemfng 
epitomize v chengwei...de 

dianfan, HtfiE xiangzheng 
epoch n NiX shfdai, jiyuan 
EQ (= emotional quotient) abbrev 
W qfngxu zhishang, qfngshang 
equal I adj 1 ^F^ pfngdeng 2 dengyu 
equal sign denghao ( = ) 

II v dengyu 
equality n 4^ pfngdeng 
equalize v shi... pfngdeng, 

shT...xiangdeng 

equally adv pfngdeng de, 

xiangtong de 

equanimity n OTF zhenjing, 
zhending 

equate v pfngdeng kandai 

equation n dengshi 
equator n chidao 

equestrian adj qfma de, 

mashu de 

equilateral adj dengbian de 

equilibrium n junheng, 

pfngheng 

equine adj ma de 
equinox n chunfen, fXft qiufen, S 

zhouye pfngfen shf 
equip v '^i^k zhuangbei, ©dir peibei 
well-equipped sheshT 

qfquan de,^#^.$TO zhuangbei 
lianghao de 

equipment n i!x%- shebei, zhuangbei 
equitable adj 4HF$J gongping de, -£\DE 
6^1 gongzheng de 

equity n 1 ^^F gongping, y AiE gong- 
zheng 2 [^i^^+l [fangchan 

de+] caichan jingzhf 



341 




equivalent 

equivalent I adj dengzhf de, 
xiangdeng de II n dengjiawu, 

duiyingwu 

equivocal adj "alM hanhu de, l&flEM 

moleng liangke de 
era n shidai, niandai 
eradicate v genchu, fHU&MX chedT 

xiaomie 

erase v xiaochu, moqu 
eraser n i xiangpi [m. wd ik kuai] 

2 Hlfitli heiban ca [m. wd ^ kuai] 
erect I adj bizhi de, iilttfKj 
chufzhf de II v Hal [+££^5^] jianli 
[+jinianbei] , Hal jianzao 
erection n i Ha£ jianli, HM jianzao 
2 iPJj^h+J (yTnjTng+) boqi 

erode v 1 fiH& [+±% qTnshi [+turang] 

2 it!]i§ [+tXA] xueruo [+quanli] 
erosion n i [±*SBt£!j+] fSti [turang 
shoudao+] qTnshi 2 [fXA#J+J it'Jli 
[quanli de+] xueruo 

erotic adj seqing de, 'I4#J xing de 

err v 2 EIeHM fan cuowu 
to err on the side of caution 
$h , Ningke fancuo, ye yao 

jTnshen. 

To err is human, to forgive divine. 
fa/!kA, Fancuo shi ren, 

kuanshu shi shen. 

errand n chaishi, If&flilJL paotuir 
to send sb on an errand ®IAAA^ 
#1* pai mouren qu ban yf jian shi 
errata n iljiilTl kanwubiao 
erratic adj buwending de, 

buke zhuomo de 
erroneous adj IhHUI^ cuowu de 
error n i cuowu 2 WiM miuwu 
erupt v ( AlU ) (huoshan) baofa 

escalate v i shengji 2 5W sheng- 
gao 

escalator n i zidong futT [m. wd 

ol$ bu] 

escapade n i cijT xingwei 2 M 

yueguT xingwei 

escape I v i MP5 taoli, MM taobi 
to escape one's attention MM^A£fa 
taobi mouren de zhuyi 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



2 [+KAl^J$£4a] ji buqT [mouren 

de xingming] II n MPj taoli, MM taobi 
eschew v 0M huibi, l&M duobi 
escort I v 1 [+XEA] yasong [+fan- 
ren], husong 2 % [+jfcj8Mf] 

1^1 wei [+luyouzhe] daoyou peitong 
II n 1 ikJL^ huweizhe 2 jinu 
male escort nanji 

Eskimo n iMIMA AisTjTmoren 
esophagus n IClf shiguan 
esoteric adj shen'ao de 

especially adv #^!j tebie, youqi 
espionage n jiandie huodong 

espresso n ^f&jiin# zhengliu kafei 
essay n wenzhang, 

lunshuowen, sanwen 

essence n 1 yaosu, benzhi 

Time is of the essence. 

Shfjian shi zhiguan zhongyao de. 
2 JTngyou, In jlng 

vanilla essence xiangcaojlng 
essential I adj bi bukeshao 

de, biyao de II n iMr pp bixupin 

the essentials yaodian 

establish v fjfciL chengli, jianli 

establishment n i f&iL chengli, 
jianli 2 Ull^J jlgou, zuzhT 
estate n i dichan, MMf 11 fangdichan 
2 yfchan 

estate tax yichanshui 
esteem n, v WM. zunzhong, zunjing 
to hold sb in esteem dui 

mouren hen zunjing 
estimate v, n fei+ guji 
estimation n tf* guji 
in sb's estimation 
genju mouren de guji 
estranged adj i ) fenju de 

(fuqT) 2 ) buzai lianxi 

de (qTnyou) 

estrogen n MfeMM d jTsu 
estuary n MMlA?$P heliu ruhaikou, M 
P hekou 

etc (= etcetera) abbrev dengdeng 

etch v fi^'J shike 

eterna adj 7KfM6^ yongheng de, zkMI^J 
yongyuan de 



342 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



evocative 



eternity n i zMi. yongheng, zjtjeE 
yongyuan 2 laisheng, laishi 
ether n ( Zs ) 91 (yT) mi 
ethereal adj piaoyi de, 

chaofan de 

ethic n f&JI lunIT, MMWM. daode tTxl 
ethical adj ffeSW lunIT de 
ethics n 1 daode guTfan 2 ffcJI 

^ lunlTxue 

ethnic adj zhongzu de, 
minzu de 

ethnic minority shaoshu 

minzu qunti 
an ethnic slur 

wuru shaoshu minzu de feibang 
ethos n JTngshen tezhi 

etiquette n ITyi 

etymology n isJi® ciyuan, 
ciyuanxue 

EU (= the European Union) abbrev fSfciW 
I&jH Ouzhou Lianmeng 
eulogy n flUiisJ songci [m. wd liT pian] 
eunuch n Ai£ taijian 
euphemism n weiwanyu 

euphoria n yichang xTngfen, 

wuming xlnxT 
euro n WzJt Ouyuan 
Europe n M’H Ouzhou 
European I adj Ouzhou de II n 0C 

tfHA Ouzhouren 
euthanasia n anlesT 

evacuate v MM che li 
evade v huibi, bikai 
evaluate v i¥f£ pinggu, Wffr pingjia 
evangelist n tSeHfiit# fuyTn 
chuandaozhe 

evaporate v 1 [^Cffc+] W&. [qitT+] hulfa, 
zhengfa 2 [A+] MA [ren+] xiaoshT 
evasion n huibi, bikai 
evasive adj tuTtuo de, 
huibi de 

eve n BU^A qian yitian, bW qianye 
even 1 adj ^Fl^J ping de, ^FFM pingtan de 
2 ^FIlTl^ pingheng de, junheng de 
even number oushu 
II adv SS shenzhi III v 1 
shT... pingtan 2 i^" -J F#I shi.. .pingheng 



to even out'®"-tS^ shT...xiangdeng 
evening n B&_L wanshang, W& 
bangwan 

evening dress, evening wear 
yelTfu 

evenly adv junyun de 
event n 1 shijian 
in any event buguan zenyang 

in the event of wanyl 
2 huodong 3 ( f£W ) (tfyu) 
xiangmu 

eventful adj fasheng 

hen dud shiqing de, C duoshi 

zhT qiu 

eventual adj zuizhong de 

eventuality n ^fls^^GW'lii keneng 
fasheng de shiqing, 
keneng chansheng de eguo 
ever adv 1 yizhi 2 zai 

renhe shihou 

evergreen I adj # fT£FJ changqTng 
de, changlu de II n 

changqTngshu [m. wd fM ke] 
everlasting adj 7MM yongheng de, tR 
yong jiu de 

every adj ^ mei, mei ge 
everybody (= everyone) 
everyday adj meitian de, 

richang de 

everyone pron H'FA meige ren, A A 
renren, A % dajia 

everything pron mei jian shi, — 
W yiqie 

everywhere adv mei ge difang, 

3 ?!j&t daochu 

evict v ( ) MM (yTfa) quzhu, StB 
ganchu 

evidence n 1 ffit® zhengju 2 iiEiWJ 
zhengci 

evident adj mingxian de 

evil I n xie'e 
the lesser of two evils 
liang hai xiangbT jiao qTng zhe 
II adj 1 xie'e de 2 emo 

de, emo shide 

evil spirit eguT 

evocative adj huanqT, ^ 1 ^ yinqT 

343 




evolution 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



evolution n )&ik ( ik ) jinhua (lun) 
evolutionary adj i Mik ( ik ) &J jinhua 
(lun) de 2 yanbian de 

evolve v zhubu yanbian 

ewe n muyang [m. wd Sk tou] 
exacerbate v $[•••$& shi...ehua 
exact adj queqie de, 
jTngque de 

exactly adv I wanquan de, ffWil 
jTngque de 2 IE/!k zhengshi 3 TEJki^# 
zheng shl zheyang, queshf rucT 

exaggerate v ^A kuada, kuazhang 
exaggerate adv ^?A$J kuada de, 

1^ kuazhang de 

exalt v zanyang, gesong 
examination n i l&Si: jiancha [m. wd 'iX 
ci], jianyan [m. wd 'iX cl] 2 
kaoshl [m. wd 'iX cl 1% chang] 
examine v !&:§: jiancha, ffiSk jianyan 
example n i lizi 

for example Mitt liru 
2 bangyang, fa n 11 

exasperating adj ihA'Iti^^ rang ren 
naonu de 

excavate v %iM fajue, t£fai wajue 
exceed v MfB chaochu, Mil chaoguo 
exceeding! adv IK jfqf, feichang 
excel v 1 ffcA youyu, Jjlil shengguo 2 IS 
shanchang 

excellence n zhuoyue, youxiu 

except I prep i WT chule, 

chule...yiwai 2 KtI zhT shl II v 
chuqu, 1$^ chudiao 
exception n Wh liwa 
exceptional! adj i TfofB^ jiechu de, f±J 
chulei bacui de 2 WYNi liwai 
de, teshG de 

excerpt n zhailu, jielu 
excess I n il^ guofen, Hi guoliang 
in excess of Mil chaoguo 
II adj duoyu de, ewai de 

excess baggage chaozhong 

xfngli 

excesses n ililfclrA guojT xfngwei, ( 
i ) HA (bu biyao de) baoli 
exchange I n 1 jiaohuan, RJtfk 
duihuan 



exchange rate duihuanlu 

2 jiaoyisuo 

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) 

M£liIE#5cJ30f Niuyue zhengquan 

jiaoyisuo 

II v jiaohuan 

excise I n ( I## ) (tezhong) 

xiaofeishui, guonei 

huowushui II v P&A chuqu, qiechu 
excited adj jTdong, xTngfen 

de 

exciting adj 4A?lfczM l ling ren jTdong de 
exclaim v jiaohan, hujiao 

exclamation n jiaohan sheng, 

hujiaosheng 

exclude v i bu baokuo 2 

[+oTfis'H] paichu [+kenengxing] 
excluding prep bu baokuo, 

T chule 

exclusive adj i [+^iX] dujia 

de [+caifang], zhuanmen de 

2 [+fi^n|5] nanyi jinru de 

[+julebu] 3 rplil^J [+#iTj anggui de 
[+cantTng] 

excommunicate v JFI& kaichu 

[+chu jiaohui], iMfBi^n zhuchu 
jiaomen 

excrement n fenbian 

excrete v Wi i paixie 
excruciating adj julie 

tengtong de, 

tengtong de nanyi renshou de 
excursion n duantu luyou 

excuse I v i JHilC yuanliang 
Excuse me duibuqi 
2 wei...bianjie II n Mik ITyou, 

feP jiekou 

execute v i tkft zhixfng, shishT 

2 chu yT sTxing, chusT 

execution n i T zhixfng, shishT 
2 chusT 

executive I n ^ gaojf guanli 

renyuan 

the Executive ( i&M ) 

(zhengfu) xfngzheng bumen 
II adj zhixfng de 

executor n j&®JWtA yfzhu zhfxfngren 



344 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



exemplary adj key! 

zudwei hao bangyang de, 
kaimo de 

exemplify v shi...de 

dianxing llzi 

exempt I adj bei mianchu de 

exempt from taxation 
mianyu jiaoshui 
II v mianchu 

exercise I n i ( f£W ) (tiyu) duan- 
lian 2 ticao, jianshencao 

3 1 %>\ lianxi 4 huodong 
a futile exercise 
meiyou xiaoguo de huodong, 
tulao zhTju 

5 ( ) DIP3 (junshi) yanxi 
a joint naval exercise 
lianhe haijun yanxi 

II v 1 ( {« ) (tfyu) duanlian 2 isffj 
[+4XA] yunyong [+quanli], xingshT 
exert v WP shTjia 

to exert oneself 1%t} null, Mt} maili 
exertion n 1 isffl yunyong 2 A yongli, 
null 

exhale v Hf % huqi 

exhaust I v i f?ii"-ffc!j£A^ shi...JTngpi 
lijin 2 yongjin II n 1 ( 

(qiche) feiqi 2 paiqiguan, WHJk 

paiqi xitong 

exhaustion n i fif-IcA^ jTngpi lijin 2 
^ haojin, yongwan 

exhibit I v 1 zhanlan, Mtk zhanshi 

2 Mtf xianshi, Mtk zhanshi II n 1 
pp zhanlanpin [m. wd jian] 2 ( J&lsl 
_h#J ) iiE^ (fating shang de) zheng wu 
[m. wd # jian] 
exhibition n M)aL zhanlan, 
zhanlanhui 

to make an exhibition of oneself tH# 
40 chuyangxiang, chuchou 
exhilarated adj xinggao 

cailie de 

exhilarating adj rang 

ren jiqi xlngfen de 

exhort v Mi# kenqTng, quangao 

exhortation n M#) guTquan, Sfriiij quanyu 
exhume v ( PW ) juechu (shlti) 



expedition 

exile I v MtJfc liufang, McM fangzhu II n 

1 liufang, #rLt liuwang 2 
liufangzhe 

a political exile zhengzhi 

liufangzhe 

in exile liufang zhong 

exist v ^T-E cunzai, W you 
existence n i cunzai 2 

shengcun 

exit I n i HjP chukou, ftP^h chukouchu 

2 liqu, tuichang 

to make a hasty exit MtPjA 
congmang liqu 
II v 1 PSA likai 2 iMtB tuichu 
exodus n ( AfttA ) P5JF (dapT ren) likai 
exonerate v ) mianchu 

(zhikong) 

exorbitant adj [jiage+] 

guogao de, anggui de 

exorcise v i wangque, wang- 

diao 2 quchu, f#l% xiaochu 
exotic adj yiguo qingdiao de, 

#IHlA yiguo de 

expand v ^EA bian da, IT kuozhang 
expansive adj i Al?Sl^ [+^B0] 
guangkuo de [+maitian] 2 [+if 

>6] kuozhang de [+yexTn] 3 
[+MK] kailang jiantan de [+pengyou] 
n ®f±#^hNA'JA juzhu zai 
waiguo de ren, qiaomin 

expect v 1 qldai, zhTwang 2 [A 
A+] [nuzi+] huaiyun 
expectant adj 1 qidai de, 

qTwang de 2 huaiyun de 

an expectant mother A 

kuaiyao dang muqin de ren, ^#3 yunfu 
expectation n MW qldai, SPM qTwang 
contrary to expectation 
chuhu yiliao 
expediency n 

bu jiang yuanze zhT qiu xiaoguo de 
zuofa, quanyi zhT ji 

expedient adj quanyi zhT ji 

de, yingji de 

expedite v jiakuai, f£a2 cujin 
expedition n ( I A ) tanxia (dui), 

( IA ) kaocha (dui) 



345 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



expel 



expel v 1 MM quzhu, JFI5& kaichu 2 #{±S 
t+^ffc] paichu [+qitf] 
expend v huafei 

expendable adj keyou kewu 

de, bubi baoliu de 

expenditure n huafei, Itil feiyong 

expense n feiyong [m. wd 31 bT], 
huafei 

at the expense of yi...wei 

daijia 

expensive adj rimfft anggui de 
experience I n i jTngli 2 jingyan 
Experience is the better teacher. 

Jingyan shi zui hao de 

laoshT. 

II v jTngli, tTyan 

experiment I n shiyan [m. wd j K 

xiang /'A. ci], shiyan [m. wd *Pt 

xiang/A ci] II v shiyan, i &§& shiyan 

expert I n zhuanjia [m. wd wei], 
hangjia [m. wd Iv: wei] II adj 
#] zhuanjia de, F^Tf^J neihang de 
expert advice zhuanjia yijian 

expertise n ^IkfcPiR zhuanye zhlshi 
expiration n guoqT shlxiao 

expiration date shlxiao riqT 

expire v ]!$] guoqT, MM daoql 
explain v 1 jieshi 2 shuoming, 
geichu yuanyln 
explanation n MW jieshi 
explanatory adj MWffi jieshi de, 
shuoming de 

expletive n ^§A8*Jii!f maren dehua [m. 

wd A J ju], cuhua [m. wd A) ju] 

explicable adj rongyi ITjie de 

explicit adj 1 qlngchu de, lOlcT 

zhijieliaodang de 2 ( ) M 
#&*J (seqing miaoxie) lugu de 
explode v baozha 
exploit 1 n ylngyong xingwei,tt 

^ zhuangju 

exploit 2 v 1 fJ^'J [+^itM] boxue [+gu- 
yuan] 2 f'JJtf [+$T’$I] liyong [+zlyuan], 
kaifa 

exploitation n i fJi'J boxue 
exploitation of child labor fJU'JitX 
boxue tonggong 



2 f>J#I liyong 

explore v i tansuo 2 fF£ffl®F2£ zTxi 
yanjiu, kaocha 
explorer n tanxianzhe, W&M 
tanxianjia 

explosion n i iSMfc baozha [m. wd iA ci] 
2 jiju zengzhang 

population explosion AnaM9PEH& 
renkou jiju zengzhang, APSM$ 
renkou baozha 

explosive I adj i hui baozha 

de 2 &&&$ baozhaxing de II n 
zhayao 

exponent n changdaozhe, 

^ yonghuzhe 

export I v HjP chukou II n £tJP ( I?pp ) 
chukou (shangpin) 
expose v i MM baolu 2 MM jielu 
exposed adj baolu zaiwai de 

exposition n i WMWrM xiangxi jiangjie 

2 zhanlanhui, bolanhui 

exposure n i MM baolu 2 MM jielu 

3 IH3fe ( M ) baoguang (liang) 
exposure meter ( 

(sheyTng yong) baoguangbiao 

express 1 v biaoshi, biaoda 
to express oneself ^j£ll / 

biaoda zijT de yisi/guandian 
express 2 1 adj kuaisu de, 
gaosu de 

Express Mail Delivery Service (EMD) 

tekuai zhuan di 
II n 1 tekuai youdi 2 

tekuai huoche [m. wd ^!j lie] 
expression n i biaodafa, >\ 

ia xiguan yongyu 2 biaoqing 3 ^ 
oi^jAL / biaoda yijian/ganqing 
expressive adj fuyu 

biaoxianli de, chongman 

ganqing de 

expressly adv 1 mingque de 2 # 

teyi de 

expressway n kuaisu gandao 

expulsion n i Jfl^ kaichu, MM quzhu 
2 paichu 

exquisite adj ffUfitl jlngmei de, 
jlngzhi de 



346 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



extend vi # shen, #M shenzhan 2 M. 
~l£ yanchang 

extended family $T kuoda shi 

jiatfng, dajiatfng 

3 [+ff?JHl] tfgong [+bangzhu] 

extension n i ( (dianhua) 

fenjT, ( (dianhua) fenjT 

haoma 2 MSB yanqT 3 jTJPc kudzhan, fT 
A kuoda 

extension cord dianxian 

yanchangxian 

4 ( A# 1 ) l#i&nP (daxue) fushebu 

extensive adj 1 guangfan de 2 A 

?EIII$J da fanwei de, A A$J guangda de 
extent n 1 fMfl; chengdu 
to a certain/some extent 
Jl zai yfding chengdushang 
2 fftlll fanwei 

exterior I adj waimian de, 

waibu laide II n waibu, £hffi 
waimian 

external adj waibu de 

(of medicine) for external use 
waiyongyao 

extinct adj 1 miejue de, AfTO 

miezhong de 2 £&3JcT xTmiele de 
extinction n 1 Alfe miejue, A# miezhong 
on the brink of extinction 
pinlfn miejue 

2 'AHA xTmie, MA xiaomie 
extinguish v A mie, MA xiaomie 
extol v gaodu zanyang 

extort v qiaozha lesuo 

extortion n it&i£i!l^ qiaozha lesuo 
extra I adj MP#J fujia de II adv #£0 
tebie, ## feichang III n 1 
( ) waijia de dongxi (ru fukuan) 

2 ( (baozhi) haowai 3 ( % 

W> ) (dianying) linshf yanyuan 

extract I v ba chu, quchu 2 M 
tflian, caijue 3 shefa 

qude II n 1 tflianwu, 

nongsuowu 2 }i!^: zhailu, xuan- 
duan [m. wd lit duan/M pian] 
extraction n i IH'M tflian 2 xuetong, 
th# chushen 

extracurricular adj kewai de 



eyewitness 

extracurricular activities 

kewai huodong 
extradite v ^IJU yindu 
extraneous adj bu xiangguan 

de, wuzu qTngzhong de 

extraordinary adj i feifan de,® 

jfqf chuse de 2 hen 

tebie de 

extraterrestrial I adj waixTng de 

II n waixTng shengwu, £hMA 

waixTng ren 

extravagant adj shechT hao- 

hua de, f¥1SAli!Ptl huT huo wudu de 
extreme I adj 1 jfduan, jfqf 
2 ®RIP*J jfxian de, jintou de 

II n Wm jfduan 
extremely adv jfqf 
extremities n PMJ& sizhT, shoujiao 

extricate v MMc jiejiu 
extrovert n xingge wai- 

xiang de ren 

exuberance n zhaoqi, yS A huoli 
exuberant adj zhaoqi peng- 

bo de, ft jTngli wangsheng de 
exude v 1 biaoxianchu 2 

shentouchu 

exult v huanxTn guwu 

eye n i BRBt yanjing 2 yanli, 

yanguang 

to have an eye for sth 

'wfisA dui mou shiwu you jianshang 

nengli 

an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth 
fUBtliSifl, yT yan huan yan, 

yT ya huan ya 

eyebrow n meimao [m. wd ^ tiao] 

to raise one's eyebrows / 13. 

biaoshi jTngya/fandui 
eye-catching adj 1M@ xingmu, 4*Af±@ 
ling ren zhumu de 

eye-opener n ffiAicJPS&l'rW^ shT ren 
da kai yanjie de shi 
eyeshadow n SR® yanylng 
eyesight n shili 

eyesore; n ciyan de dongxi, 

nankan de shiwu 
eyewitness n HI rtr^ mujTzhe 




fable 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



F 

fable n iSieT ( ) yuyan (gushi) 

fabric n OT4 buliao [m. wd kuai], tRpp 
zhTpTn [m. wd {4 jian] 
fabricate v i [+ bianzao 
[+gushi], ISiol niezao 2 t'Jia [+pM 4] 
zhizao [+bujian] 
fabulous adj 1 jihao de, 

T hao de budeliao 2 SAl^J juda de, A 
#t£Affa da de jlngren de 
facade n 1 biaomian, waibiao 
2 ( ) IE® (jianzhuwu de) 

zhengmian 

face I n 1 U& Man, ®?L miankong 2 ^S® 
biaomian 

face value biaomian jiazhi 

to lose face A1& diulian, A®X diu 
mianzi 

to pull a long face lachang 

Man, yi Man bu 

gaoxTng de biaoqing 
II v 1 ffillra 1+fMic] mianlin [+ tiaozhan], 
miandui 2 IEIJ/i [+5G^] zhengshi 
[+xianshi] 

to face the music jieshou piping 

to face up to J13 

yonggan zhengshi [+kunnan de chujing] 

Facebook n ( I^J^-ilfs ) I&ilf (wangluo 
tongxin) lianpu 

faceless adj bu shou zhong- 

shi de, meiyou quwei de 

facelift n 1 tU mianbu lapi 
shoushu 2 mW\ [jianzhuwu+] 

fanxln 

facet n 1 A® fangmian 2 ( ) MM 

(baoshi de) zhuomian 
facial I adj JjtlM lianbu de II n ®pPH# 
mianbu meirong 
facile adj 1 fuqian de, 

qianbo de 2 iiX guoyu rongyi 
de 3 weijlng renzhen 

kaolu de, suibian de 

facilitate v shi... rongyi, MX 

bianyu 

facility n 1 sheshl 2 Aft caineng 



facsimile n 1 [Af4+] JIiMpp [wenjian+] 
fuzhipTn, [£1®+] [mfng hua+] 
moben 2 f#J£ chuanzhen 
fact n shishi 
a fact of life xianshi 

the facts of life 14£fliR xing zhlshi 
in fact, as a matter of fact 
shishishang 

faction n M% 1 \ paibie, MM paixi 
factor n 0^ yfnsu 
factory n XP gongchang [m. wd % 
jia/J^ zuo] 

factual adj shishi de, 

jlyu shishi de 

faculty n 1 quanti jiaoshl, JliPSf 

shlzl 2 A tiansheng de nengli 

the mental faculty AfliFMt danao 
gong neng, slwei nengli 

fad n duanzan de shimao, — 

yishi de fengshang 

fade v 1 [iSt£+] A [jiyi+] zhujian 
xiaoshT 2 IM&+] lil'fe [yanse+] tuise 
Fahrenheit (abbrev F) n huashi 

wendu 

45° F ^R42Ji; huashi sishier du 
fall I v 1 lMA+] AlPC [nuli+] shlbai 2 
meiyou neng, wei neng 3 [# 
\t,+] XSflr [kaoshi+] bujige 4 [l'J$+] 
AM [shache+] shlling 5 [tilts / 

W+] [jlqi/rentT qiguan+] chumao- 

bing, AM shlling 6 [A^+] [sheng- 
yi+] daobi 7 fjii [+A] AM shi [+ren] 
shlwang II n (without fail) i&/E biding, 
yiding 

failing I n quedian, ruodian 
II prep ruguo buxing 

failsafe adj i peiyou 

anquan baozhang zhuangzhi de 2 PM 
^Al^J wanwu yishi de 
failure n 1 AH& shlbai, daobi 2 Ok. 
meiyou neng 3 [#K+] 

[kaoshi+] bujige 4 AM shlling 5 AU& 

% shlbaizhe 

faint I adj Misfit) weiruode II v $f±'J 
yundao III n hunjue 
fair I adj 1 gongzheng de 2 

AXfitl zhdngdeng shuTping de 3 



348 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



famine 



Eft ( ) JTnhuang de (toufa), & If Eft 
( ) baixT de (fuse) 4 ( A 

) qinglang de (tianqi) II adv ^IEit!l 
gongzheng de, ^^Pilil gongping de 
fair and square zhengda 

guangming de 

play fair gongping banshi 

III n 1 jHr|T jfshi 2 jiaoyihui 

job fair zhiye zhaopinhui 

trade fair shangpin jiaoyihui 

3 bolanhui 

book fair tushu bolanhui 

fairground n J|A#if/j^j lutian youle- 
chang, fSA^STfT lutian jfshi 
fairl adv 1 gongzheng de 2 

fill xiangdang de^^Pfu hai bucuo 
fairy n /Hill 1 ? xiaoxianzi, /MlfM 
xiaojTngling 

fairy tale HiS tonghua, JiiSifiW tong- 
hua gushi 

faith n 1 jiqi xinren 2 

xinyang 3 zongjiao 

faithful adj 1 zhongcheng de 

2 [+^i$] zhunque kekao de 

[+ fanyi] 

faithless adj bu shou xinyi 

de, buke yilai de 

fake I n 1 fit$i jiahuo 2 fixli jiamao- 
zhe II adj weizao de, fiiSfft 

jiamao de 

a fake artwork fPili XApp jiamao 
yishupTn 

III v fit*! jiazhuang, IMi weizhuang 
to fake one's signature 

weizao mouren de 

qianming 

falcon n lalM lieylng [m. wd K zhi] 
fall 1 I n 1 ®H£I diedao, fWI shuaidao 

2 TP? xiajiang, T$c xiadie 
fall guy #11#- tizuiyang 

3 P?iWit jiangyuliang II v (pt fell; pp 
fallen) 1 fiWJ diedao, W\H shuaidao 
2 TP? xiajiang, $?T luoxia 

to fall short (of) &k'3> queshao, 
quefa 

to fall through At wei neng 
chenggong, A0& shTbai 



fall 2 n qiuji, $CA qiutian 
fallacy n Wit miulun, cuowu 

de kanfa 

fallen v See fall 1 

fallible adj hui chucuo de, 

nanmian fan cuowu de 
fallout n i mm^m+] 

[hebaozha hou de+] fangshexing 
chen'ai 2 T El. in IP 

[jTnrong weijT de+] buliang houguo 
fallow adj 1 [+±^b,] xiugeng 

de [+tudi] 2 [+A] xiuxian de 

[+ren] 

falls n iH'fiJ pubu [m. wd ^ tiao] 
false adj i cuowu de 

a false step AXi shTzu, tdBfw chucuo 

2 fPiEft jia de, xujia de 

under false pretenses EUSfciPTlx yi 
qTzha shouduan 

3 xuwei de 

false alarm yi chang xujTng 

falsehoo n huangyan 

falsify v $J;ei weizao, cuangai 
falter v 1 [MA+] [yongqi+] bian ruo 

2 [&$+] [jTngji+] shuaitui 

3 a 1 zhTzhT wuwG de shuo 

fame n mingqi, &P mfngsheng 
famed adj youming de 

familiar adj i shuxi de, HMEft 

jTngtong de 

to be familiar with dui... 

shuxi 

2 sufbian de, qTnqie de 

familiarity n i shuxi, fIM jTngtong 

2 qTnqie 

family n 1 % jia, Wfik jiating 
family tree jiaputu 

single-parent family danqTn 

jiating 

2 nianyou de zTnu, haizi 

family planning iticlJA W jihua 
shengyu 

3 ^A qTnren, %K jiaren 

immediate family zhixi qTnzu 

4 ( / W.%J ) f4 (dongwu/zhiwu) 

ke, ( ia W ) ia^ (yuyan) yuzu 

famine n jihuang 




famished 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



famished adj jT'e de 
famous adj youming de, M&fit) 
zhuming de 

to be famous for yTn...er 

churning 

fan 1 I n 1 ifrP shanzi [m. wd JE ba] II v )m 
shan, shandong 
to fan out cheng shanxing 

sankai 

fan 2 n reqing chongbaizhe, 

M ...mi, fens! 
fan club zhuT xTng julebu, 

ylngmi hui 

football fan zuqiumi 

fanatic n kuangre fenzi 

fanciful adj i [+^tf|I] huashao 

de [+zhuangshi] 2$?JlfFj [+^^c] 
kongxiang de [+niantou] 
fancy I adj i [+f^$] haohuajje 

[+qlche], iir?D3l^ xTnchao de 2 J [+ 
fLrli'Joo] youzhi de [+ruzhipln] 3 
L+^SS^jf^] gaonandu de [+wudao 
dongzuo] II n i HH xT'ai 
to take a fancy to sb H^X^A 
xThuan shang mouren 
2 xiangxiangli 

a flight of fancy $0$S huanxiang 
III v 1 MA yiwei, faiAA cud renwei 
to fancy oneself S MA zi yiwei, iik 
A/!k zi renwei shi 
2 xT'ai 

fanfare n i liaoliang de 

xiaohao sheng 2 A3&^!& da zhang 
shengshi 

fang n ( ) A5F (dongwu) jianya 
fantasize v iOM huanxiang 
fantastic adj i OT£T hao ji le, A$4'T 
tai miao le 2 JitMlA huangdan de, "fills 
guguai de 

FAQ (= frequently asked questions) ab- 
brev^T<3|b)JI 3[ changwen wenti 
far I adv 1 izs yuan, yaoyuan 2 istb 
yuan bl...de duo II adj jS yuan, 
yaoyuan 

to be a far cry from ffilitlljzG xiangcha 
hen yuan 

so far 5011 HU Ait dao muqian weizhl 



faraway adj Misfit yaoyuan de 

farce n I®!] naoju 

fare n i [“StlL A$ftl-fcji? i C$+] ® 

{ft [feiju huoche he changtu qiche+] 
piaojia 2 chuzu qiche 

chengke 3 Jltlllt shanshi, shiwu 
fare 2 jinzhan 
to fare well/badly / ttlif 

qingkuang hen hao/hen huai 
farewell n e 4$0 gaobie 
farewell party ^$0^^ gaobie juhui, 
^ #03i:zc gaobie yanhui 
far-fetched adj qianqiang- 

fuhui de 

farm I n nongchang II v 
jTngying nongchang, wunong 
farmer n nongchangzhu 
farmhand n A^XA nongchang 
gongren 

farmyard n nongjia yuanluo 

far-off adj fUfttlA pianyuan de 
far-out adj yuanli de 
far-reaching adj 1^35$} shenyuan de 
far-sighted adj @ AjzeA^fi 
muguangyuanda de 
fart v 7&lFt fang pi 

fascinating adj itAlr3^1 rang ren 
zhaomi de 

fascination n 1 zhaomi, 3&& milian 

2 ISAlAPAllA jida de xTylnli 
fascist I n fiHSl t: 5AP faxTsT fenzi II adj 
faxTsT de 

fashion I n i liuxing shiyang, 

Mint fengshang 2 shizhuang 

fashion show shizhuang 

biaoyan 

II v 1 zhizuo 2 M3a suzao, 
xi ngcheng 

fashionable adj liuxing de, QtM 

$ shimao de 

fast 1 I adj ffc kuai, ifi-M xunsu 
fast food kuaican 
II adv 1 'IA kuai, 3BM xunsu 
to fast forward ‘I&® kuai jin 
2 'M'MWl jlnjln de 
Not so fast! Man dian! 

Zixi dian! 



350 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



fast asleep IftHi shushui 
fast? I v jinshi, zhaijie II n 

( ^ ) jinshf (qT), zhaijie 

fasten v M-t jishang [+anquan 

dai],^cM ( n/ttf ) guanjTn (men/ 
chuang) 

to fasten one's attention on sth }E?£ 
ba zhuyili jizhong zai 

moushi 

fastener, fastening n \W\$ koujian, \W% 
^ koujm wu 

fastidious adj gudfenjiangjiu 

de, tiaoti de 

fat I adj pang 
fat farm jianfeiying 
II n 0/7 zhTfang, lEl^l feirou 
fatal! adj 1 [+fSiH] zhiming de 

[+cuowu] 2 [+tTitr] huimiexing 

de [+dajT], zainanxing de 

fatalistic adj If suminglun de 

fatality n Ifctl ( V# ) siwang (shijian) 
fate n tfp’is mingyun 
father n 1 1£M fuqin 
father-in-law l&5£ yuefu (wife’s 
father), gonggong (husband’s 

father) 

2 •••zhT fu, JFfrlTlf kaichuangzhe 
the father of one's country HI5£ 
guofu 

3 ( (Tianzhujiao) shenfu 

father figure A^ fuqin ban 

de renwu, ( (chongjing 

de) zhangzhe 

fatherly adj XM ( $£ ) $J fuqin (ban) de 
Father's Day n fuqinjie 
fathom v IWfcTM chedT liaojie, 
teE wanquan kan qTngchu 
fatigue n pilao, pijuan 
fatten v shT... zhang fei, HpllE 

weifei 

fatty adj 1 gao zhTfang de 2 IE 

feipang de 

fatuous adj yumei de, 
hunyong de 

faucet n iKjfcSk shullongtou, 
kaiguanzhe 

fault n 1 iifu guocuo 2 quedian 



feasibility 

to find fault with tiaoti 

maobing 

3 ( FlilT® ) UtM (dibiao de) duanceng 
faulty adj 1 you maobing de 

2 you quedian de 

fauna n ) dongwu (qun) 

favor I n 1 shanyi de xingwei 

2 zancheng, zhTchi 
in favor of zancheng, I^J^ tongyi 

to find favor with sb ^iJ^APtllfSI 
shoudao mouren de xi'ai 
to curry favor with fengcheng 

taohao, pai mapi 

II v 1 ^1^1 [+if)c!j] zantong [+jihua], % 
F# zhTchi 2 ffiit [+A] pian'ai [+ren] 
the most favored nation SMIII ( W 
ill ) zuihuiguo (daiyu) 
favorable adj i youli de 2 

youhui de 3 £nA#FFPlii#J gei ren hao 
yinxiang de 

to make a favorable impression fnA 

gei ren liuxia hao yinxiang 
favorite I adj zui xi'ai de II n 

1 ) zui xi'ai de ren 
(huo dongxi), 3SJL chong'er 2 

zui you xTwang huosheng 

de ren 

fawn 1 v Eip bajie, Wf taohao 
fawn 2 n 1 %J])M you lu [m. wd Sk tou] 2 ! {% 
fit!#, qianhuang hese 
fax I (= fascimile) abbrev chuanzhen, 
dianchuan II v dianchuan 
fax machine chuanzhenjT 
faze v shi...jiongpd, 

tfc shT...gandao kunrao 
FBI (= the Federal Bureau of Investi- 
gation) ABBREV ( US ) 

(Meiguo) Lianbang Diaochaju 
fear I v 1 fa pa, tSlfa jupa, kongpa 

2 fMtic danyou II n ffi pa, tttfi jupa 
fearful adj fJIA'fi'j danxln de, 

jupa de 

fearless adj wuwei de, A.^r'IM'I'fi 
wu suo jupa de 

feasibility n ^I-fT kexing, ^T'fTl'4 kexingxing 
feasibility study/report / 

kexingxing yanjiu/baogao 



351 




feasible 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



feasible adj opfr^J kexing de, 
bandedao de 

feast I n HMc yanhui, shengyan 
II v A^A 1 ^ dachl da he, Mfjtf£l4i 
jinqing baocan 

to feast one's eye on fifcln. [+ltJ£ / II 
■fe] xlnshang [+meijing/meise] 
feat n shiji 

feather I n yumao [m. wd gen] 

Birds of a feather flock together. ^ 
Wu yT lei ju, ren yT 

qun fen. 

II v zhang yumao 

to feather one's nest ( 

S (tongguo bu zhengdang 
shouduan) zhifu, vfrM liancai 
feathery adj yumaozhuang de 

feature I n I tezheng 2 rong- 
mao 3 ( (baozhT 
zazhi) texie baodao, ( 4LT91 ) ##!j:MjlL 
(dianshi) tebie baodao 4 SWJt* ( ^ 

) gushipian (dianying) II v 1 ^ -"i 
M you...zhuyan 

a blockbuster movie featuring Kate 
Winslet — ‘IMilt# • 

J4 yi bu you Kaite * WensTlai zhuyan de 
dapian 

2 cheng wei...de tese 3 # 

mm# ( ffpp ) tebie tuijie (shangpln) 
February n eryue 

feces n Hll! fenbian 
fed v See feed 

federal adj lianbang zhengfu 

de, lianbang de 

federation n lianmeng, 

lianhehui 

fed up adj yanfan de, 

shou gou le de 
fee n It fei, feiyong 

annual fee nianfei 

legal fee lushlfei 

feeble adj J weiruo de, 

fei bo de 

feeble-minded adj sTwei 

buqTng de, 111=?!^! ruozhi de 
feed I v ( pt & pp fed) n r? wei II n 1 ( zsfj 
$9 ) W4 (dongwu) siliao 



chicken feed $jW 4 jT siliao 

2 ranliao shusdng guan, i2 
$411 jinliao guan 

feedback n fankui 
feeding n d i!# 5 weinai 
feel I v (pt & pp felt) 1 ganjue 2 
M gandao 3 ^ mo, ticJI fumo 
to feel like juede, JIISlJ gandao 
II n ganjue, JtBE ganshou 
to get a feel for sth dui 

moushi you gan shou, 
dui moushi yousuo liaojie 
to get the feel of sth 
shiying moushi wu 

feeler n 1 i&M shitan 2 MM 

[kunchong de+] chCixu,M& chujiao 
to put out feelers jinxing 

shitan 

feeling n 1 JtsfN ganqing 2 ganjue 
to hurt sb's feelings fetRS'l# shanghai 
ganqing 

to put one's feelings into words fflin 
ItfjBfellSHft yongyu yan biaoda ganqing 

3 ®i® yugan 

to have a feeling that ... ^f- ”0*1551® 
you...de yugan 

feign v IPi4i jiazhuang, zhuangchu 
feint v ( ^ifr ) #^C (quanjT) yanggong, 
xu huang yi quan 

feisty adj 1 ft jTngli chbngpei de 
2 yongyu zhengbian de, 

4-6^ hao dou de 

feline I adj mao ke de, mao 

de II n $3f4^J% mao ke dongwu, 
mao [m. wd K zhT| 

fell 1 v See fall 1 

fell 2 v ) kanfa (shumu) 

fellow n 1 A ren, ^A nanren 2 

yanjiusheng jiangxuejTn 
huodezhe, xuezhe 3 

[xuehui de+] huiyuan 
fellowship n i yanjiu- 

sheng jiangxuejTn 2 ( 3S1fi& ) 

(JTdujiao) tuanqi 3 At'IW youqing 
felon n zhongzui fan 
felony n zhongzui 

felt I v See feel II n maozhan 



352 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



felt tip pen zhan tou bT 

female I adj i ( ) iHt#J 
(dongwu/niaolei) ci de, ^I^J mu de 
2 (A) (ren) nu de, :&'I4#J nuxing 
de II n 1 icA nuren, ic 1 ? nuzi 2 
%1 dxing dongwu, mu dongwu 

feminine adj nuxing de 

feminist n nuquanzhuyi zhe 

fence I n zhalan, Ifba 
Good fences make good neighbors. 

4PM#? o Zhalan lao, linju hao. 
II vi ) IM^yong 

zhalan (Ifba) wei qilai 2 rEr^!! jTjian 
fencin n Ttr^ll ( ) jTjian (yundong) 
fend v dTdang 
to fend for oneself dull 

mousheng, MI4 li B zhaoliao zijT 
fender n MM® dangniban, MW yi ban 
ferment I v ‘&M fajiao II n saodong, 
dongluan 

fern n jueleizhiwu 

ferocious adj l^lffi^l xiongmeng de, $E 
Hl^J kuangbao de 
ferret I v & soucha zhaochu 
II n If fn xue diao [m. wd K zhl] 
ferry I n ii&ffe dulun [m. wd iU sou] 

II v ( ) jsM (yong 

dulun, zhisheng feijT deng) yunsong,M 
fUt baidu 

fertile adj i iJEi'#c$J t+ihJtil] feiwo de 
[+tudi] 2 [+#3^d neng 

shengyu de [+funu] 3 [+WMJj] 

fengfu de [+xiangxianglii] 
fertilizer n feiliao 
fervent adj qianglie de, 

zhencheng de 

fervor n #'l# jTqing, $Vfi reqing 
fester v i [34^+] [guanxi +] 

yuelaiyue zao, ehua 2 [#;□+] jfbl- 

[shangkou+] kuilan 3 DM£+] 

[lajT+] fulan fachou 
festival n ij jie, 0 jieri 
festive adj xTqing de, pHfi'j 
jieri de 

feta adj jfpJLfitl tai'er de 
a fetal position tai'er de 

zlshi, flpM taiwei 



fidget 

fetch v 1 nalai, jielai 2 |6£!j 
maidao 

fete I v zhijing II n qingzhu 

huodong 

fetid adj echou de 
fetish n milian, lianwupi 

foot fetish 2£I#P$? lianjiaopT 
fetter v shufu 

fetters n shufu, ®fn zhigu 
fetus n JjpJL tai'er, SEflp peitai 
feud n changqT de jiufen, 

ill yuanchou 

feudal adj ( rfrjit ) fengjian 

(zhidu) de 

fever n i fashao 2 kuangre, W 
jidu xTngfen 

feverish adj i fashao de 2 

jidu xTngfen de 

few I adj tHA" hen shao, bu duo 
II pron yixie, bu duo 

a few youxie 

fiance n weihunfu 

fiancee n weihunqT 

fiasco n canbai, AP& dabai 
fiat n ^4* faling, ^4* mingling 
fib I n wuguan jTnyao de 

huangyan, xiao huanghua II v 

'Ml sa xiao huang 
fiber n £ff$i xianwei 
fiber optics Mifl guangxiantongxun 
fiberglass n xianwei boli 

fibrous adj duo xianwei de 

fickle adj jingchang bianhua 

de, bianhuawuchang de 

fiction n 'H& xiaoshuo [m. wd ^ ben], 
J^l^ffcpp xugou zuopin [m. wd ^ ben] 
fictional adj 'Mjiiffa xiaoshuo de 
fictitious adj JiillW xugou de 
fiddle I v 1 [^ja+] WM [shouzhT+] 
bonong 2 la xiaotiqin II n 'hM 

# xiaotiqin [m. wd JC ba] 
fidelity n 1 [A#^.f 0 ]+] [fuqT 

zhTjian+] zhongzhen, zhongcheng 

2 1^^+] {%% ( it ) [yinxiang 
shebei+] baozhen (du) 
fidget v shoujiao butingde 

dong, zuoli bu'an 



353 




field 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



field! I n 1 111 tian, nongtian [m. wd 
ft pian] 2 tftilil changdi [m. wd ^ kuai] 
field day © 0 tlyu huodong ri 

(2) daxian shenshou de 

shijT 

football field zuqiuchang 
field event tiansai xiangmu 

field test xianchang shiyan 

field trip ( 4^+ ) (xuesheng) 

shidi kaocha 

magnetic field cichang 

II v 1 0H- ( ) huida (nanti) 2 
jie qiu 

fielder n ( #1$ ) (bangqiu) 

shouchangyuan 

fieldwork n shfdi kaocha, 

Mi: yewai diaocha 
fiend n MM emo 
dope fiend xTduzhe 

sex fiend 'fe'I'jfS: seqfngkuang 
fiendish adj uMflfe7 emo shide, 
ffifitl jfqi kepa de 

fierce adj i 1*1® xiongmeng 2 jTlie 
fiery adj 1 ranshao de, H\A#J 

zhaohuo de 2 huolala de, 

huore de 3 jlqfng 

ranshao de 

fiesta nitB jieri, IITaEI xlqingri 2 ^ 
WCjjB zongjiao jieri 
fifteen num +51 shiwu, 15 
fifth num H51 di wu 
fifty num 51+ wushi, 50 
fifty-fifty I adj pfngfen de, — *+ 

fitl yiban de II adv ^+*4^+ yiban dui 
yiban, *4+ duiban 
fig n wuhuaguo 

fight I v (pt & pp fought) 1 1^4* zhandou 
2 47*^ dajia, zhengchao 3 i*r4- 
fendou II n i tT^= dajia 2 chaojia, 
## zhengchao 

fighter n 1 10 &+] 4-+ [ziyou+] doushi 

2 [5H4k+J [zhiye+] quanjTshou 

3 L^^+] ^4+1 [kongjun+] zhandoujT 

figment n pingkong 

xiangxiang chulai de shiwu 
a figment of one's imagination !rufcl 
pingkong xiangxiang 



chulai de shiwu 

figure I n 1 It 44 shencai 2 #1+ shuzi 
3 renwu, A± renshi II v 1 $frMSk 
M zhanlu toujiao 2 ftM- jisuan 
figurehead n you ming 

wu shi de llngxiu 
figure of speech n tfcPft blyu 
filch v +fi+jf xiaotou xiaomo 
file I n 1 44=^ dang'an 2 t^i+OTl 
dang'an (jisuanji), wenjian 
back-up file fitlr^t# chubei wenjian 
3 ^77 cuodao 
nail file 4 b ^77 zhljiadao 
II v 1 iEiAalM zhengshi li'an 
to file a divorce zhengshi 

tichu lihun 

2 (to file away) ba...cundang 

3# ( + ) cuo (pfng) 
filet, fillet n ( ) ft# / fiJi (qu 

gu de) roupian/yupian 
filigree n ^IIIMfiipn jlnyinsT shipin 
filing n #4^ cundang, guldang 
filll v zhuangman, daoman 
to fill out a form tianbiao 
II n JEfr chongfen, 7tL^ zugou 
to eat one's fill chT de bao- 

bao de, chT de xTnman 

yizu 

filling I n i [IK+G7+] [bu ya de+] 
tianliao, tianbu wu 2 [#ijb+] tS 

't' [shipin+] xian xTn, tS xian II adj ® A 
shT ren chT de baobao de 
filly n +£+7, xiao murna [m. wd E pi] 
film I n 1 1K# jiaojuan [m. wd # juan] 

2 4ii£ dianying [m. wd pP bu] 3 
bomo, iWM bao ceng II v paishe 
filmmaker n dianying daoyan, 

tfifj'MftA dianying zhipianren 
filmstrip n ^7^T+ huandengpian 
filter I n 1 guoluqi, 'M+ loudou 

2 ( MtitJl ) (zhaoxiangjT) 

lusejing II v lift! guolu 
filth n zang dongxi, 'MW wuhui 

filthy adj jfqi angzang, MWft' 

fS wuhuibukan 

fin n i fe.lt yuqi 2 ( Util ) IIIlMI 
(feijT) chufzhi weiyi 



354 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



firing line 



shark's fin soup yuchitang 

fina I adj zuizhong de, Mfa 

zuihdu de II n 1 qTzhong 

kaoshi, X^ dakao 2 juesai 
finale n [ITOJ+] itjn— *11 [geju+] zuihdu 
yfmu, [^B|nJ^+] [jiaoxiangyue+] 
zhongqu 

finalist n juesai xuanshou 

finalize v iDn/&T zuihou dingxia, 
queding 

finally adv zhongyu, M&k zuizhong 

finance I n i caiwu, caizheng 

corporate finance gongs! 

caizheng 

2 jlnrong 

finance company jTnrong 

gongsT, xindai gongs! 

3 WO$[ kuanxiang, ^ qian II v 

wei...tfgong zTjTn, chuzT 
finances n i [£-^1+] [gongsT+] zTjTn 
2 MIHfJS caiwu guanli 
financial adj caiwu de 

financial aid zhuxuejTn, 
tX zhuxue daikuan [m. wd \'j$ fen /3§ bT] 
finch n que ke niaolei, % que 

find I v (pt & pp found) 1 zhaodao 

2 M faxian 

to find out ‘MM faxian 

3 juede II n bei 

faxian de dongxi 

an archeological find kaogu 

faxian, chu tu wenwu 

finding n i Mi: ( ®F % ) diaocha 

(yanjiu) jieguo 2 MM faxian 
fine adj 1 meihao de, 

jihao de 2 BlrllM t + qfnglang de 
[H-tianqi] 3 [+MW] jiankang de 

[+shentf], shenti hao de 4 

J xiwei de 

a fine line fit lift ii$!j jf xiwei de 

chabie 

not to put too fine a point on i&flPF 
— & shuo de bu keqi yidian 
fine 2 1 v dui.. .fakuan 

to be fined for speeding 
fjfcwlfc yTn chaosu jiache er bei fakuan 
II n fakuan, fajln 



finesse I n jiqiao II v 

qiaomiao er lue dai 
qTpianxing de chulT 
finger I n ¥4b shouzhT 
index finger #Jb shfzhT 
middle finger Mb zhongzhT 
ring finger wumingzhl 

small finger /Mb xiaozhT 
II v yong shouzhT chumo 

fingernail n Jb^ zhTjia 
fingerprint n 1b iX zhTwen 
fingertip n Jb4c zhTjian 
to have sth at one's fingertips PiiBMT 
#^£#1 suishi kegong shTydng 
finicky adj HMM'Jft ai tiaoti de 
finish I v i jieshu 2 tkJSL wancheng, 
•••% ...wan 3 huode mingci 

II n 1 jieguo 2 guangjiedu 

finish line zhongdianxian 

finite adj youxian zhi de, Wl^ 

youxian de 

fir n lengshan [m. wd ke] 
fire Ini huo 

to catch fire zhaohuo 

2 huozai [m. wd % chang] 
fire alarm huojing 

baojTngqi 

fire department xiaofangdui 

fire drill fanghuo yanxi 

fire fighter xiaofangyuan 

fire hydrant xiaofanglongtou 

to open fire kaiqiang 

II v 1 JFfli: kaiqiang 2 jiegu 3 'S*-- 
shT...jTdong, Mlttf] jili 
firearm n qiangzhT 
firebrand n Shandong 

baoluan zhe 

firecracker n ‘MfS baozhu, bianpao 

firefly n yinghuochong [m. wd 
Kzhl] 

fireplace n bilu 
fireproof adj fanghuo de, ffotj/c 
naihuo de 

firewall n I^^C±@ fanghuoqiang 
fireworks n ‘^‘X yanhuo 
firing line n XY& huoxian, qianxian 

to be on the firing line 



355 




firing squad 

chuzai shoudao gongjT de diwei, 
shoudangqichong 
firing squad n frfPJIA xingxingdui 
firm I adj 1 jiangu de, 

jieshi de 2 jianding de II n W 

fr shanghang [m. wd % jia] , jFJt 
shiwusuo, gongsT [m. wd % jia] 
law firm falu shiwusuo 

first I pron, adj diyT, ft-?* zuizao 
first aid MM jfjiu 
first class toudengcang, 

flfl# diyT lei youjian 
first lady H^AA diyT furen, 
zongtong furen 

first name mingzi, £ ming 

first person H— A^ diyT rencheng 
first things first zhongyao 

de shi xian zuo 

love at first sight ^JaL#‘IW yijian 
zhongqing 

II adv diyT, 1l5fc shouxian 
at first qi xian, R'JJF^n gang kaishi 
first of all HA shouxian 
firsthand adj, adv diyfshou 
firstly adv % — diyT, HA shouxian 
fiscal adj caizheng de 
fiscal year caiwu niandu, z?i+ 

kuaiji niandu 

fish I n ft. yu [m. wd tiao] II v fflft. 
buyu, l^jft. diaoyu 

fisherman n #*Jft.H diaoyuzhe, '?itA 
yumin 

fishery n Wfo yuchang 
fishing n $jft. diaoyu, lift, buyu 
fishing rod $Jft.^ diaoyugan 
fishy adj 1 ft.)31AfKj yu xTngqi de 2 
keyi de 

fission n ( JEA ) M 7 ^. (yuanzi) liebian 
fissure n liefeng 
fist n ^Sk quantou, ^ quan 
fit I adj 1 m'J§ heshi 2 MJit jiankang, 
###? shentT hao II v i (pt & pp fit, 
fitted) o'# heshen 2 [+Am] 

shi he [+xTnyi] 3 [+i£H] anzhuang 

[+jiaju], zuzhuang III n i kM*% 
fapiqi 

to throw a fit dafa piqi 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



2 ( ) kft (bing huo 
qianglie ganqing) fazuo 

fits of laughter ^P$P$A^ yf zhen 
zhen daxiao 

3 (a good fit) iS# shi he 

fitful adj — yizhen zhen de 
fitness n jiankang, JHW? shentT 
hao 

fitting I adj heshi de, 'Ip’^^J 

qiadang de II n 1 shichuan 
fitting room shiyTjian 

2 zhuangzhi 
five num Ewu,5 

fix I v 1 i&M xiulT 2 iHlr zhunbei 
to fix a mea! zhunbei yidun 

fan, zuofan 

3 $i/E queding 4 tlstR [+tb^] caozong 
[H-blsai] II n 1 kunjing 

to be in a fix £Jrf 0ii chuyu kunjing 
2 #pp dupin, _h£S$|3^H shangyln de 
dongxi 3 shoudao 

feifa caozong de shi 

fixation n HAWAII gudfen de xingqu, 
Omk pian'ai 

fixed adj HIAfitl guding de 
to have fixed ideas 
baoyou guzhi de xiangfa 
fixture n 1 guding zhuangzhi 

2 — / tT@ yizhi zai de 
dongxi/jiemu, bu hui 

liqu de dongxi 

fizz n [$$46*J+] [yinliao de+] paomo 

fizzle v zuizhong shTbai 

fjord n ib&ff xiawan 
flab n songchi de zhuirou 

flabbergasted adj dachT- 

yijTng de 

flabby 1 ( fiJLl^J ) songchi de (jTrou) 

2 ) wuli de (zhengbian) 

flaccid adj ruanruo de, 

songruan de 

flag I n ^ qi, t%rf- qizi II v 1 [+fi^ 

o|5#] biao chu [+zhongyao bufen],t^ 
it- biaozhi 2 kWKk [+jTngji] 
bian de piruan 3 (to flag down) 

zhaoshou yao [+chuzu 

qiche] ting xia 



356 




ENGLISH -CHINESE 



flagpole n qigan [m. wd gen] 
flagship n 1 MM qfjian 2 / Hflfcj 5 * 

pp biaozhixing/zuijia chan pin 
flagstone n shfban 

flail vW#J [+^W^cM] huldong [+shoubi 
hud tui] 

flair n AM tianfu, tianfen 
flak n qianglie de piping 

flake I n 1 xiao baopian 2 

^tMjA jianwang erguguai de ren 
II v 1 sui cheng xiaopian 2 fj 

M boluo 

flamboyant adj 1 xuanyao de, 

mainong de 2 ( 1&M ) 

(secai) yanll de 

flame I n i A huo, A$ I huoyan 2 SfcA 
yuhuo, Sfc qfngyu 
old flame ££H'|frA wangri qfngren 
II v 5£$cA£rfe biancheng huohongse 
flaming adj i [+AA] xiong- 

xiong ranshao de [+dahuo] 2 A£l$J 
[+$?B] huohong de [+luori], J 
guangliang de 

flamingo n ikflMi huolieniao 
flammable adj yiran de 

flank I n cey'i, fflffi cemian II v 
fi*l#Jf| zai...de ceyl 

to be flanked by liangbian you, 

liangbian shi 

flap I v i [4+] [+$S01 [niao+] pai 

dong [+chibang] 2 L®+] 

[qi+] hulala de pai dong II n 1 (felfef ) 
itMP (xlnfeng) feng gai kou 2 f&tsW 
:&rj7dbng bu'an, huangluan 

flare I v [A+] [huo+] turan 

shao wang 

to flare up ^^AM turan da nu, 
turan kuangbao qilai 
II n lAl^flr? shanguang xinhao, 
shanguangdeng 

flare-up n turan baofa 

flash I v 1 lAbfe shanguang 2 
[+f&l§>] xunsu chuansong [+xiaoxi] 

3 lf($+] A^lil [qiche+] feichf II n 
shanguang [m. wd it dao] 
flashback n i I* 1 !## daoxu 2 
wangshi turan chongxian 



fledgling 

flashcard n iR®A shftuka, 
shizika 

flasher n HPfl$E luylnkuang 
flashlight n diantong, 

shdudiantong 

flask n i bian jiuprng 2»L 

shaoping 

fli I adj 1 pfngtan 2 [+ 

ffeUp/Ek^l meiyou qi de [+luntai/qiu 
deng] 3 l+f&ft] zou le qi de 

[+yinliao] 4 1 +e? JR] piancfl de 

[+ylnyue] 5 t+^ffr] xiaotiao de 

[+jTngji], bujingqi de 6 

l+ffi'f^] guding de [+jiage] 7 ( la JR ) P^ 
^e 1 (yfnyue) jiang banyln 
E flat P$ E ijfl jiang E tiao 
II n 1 louqi de luntai,'iS^p 

bie tai 2 jiang banyln fuhao 

(J) III adv 1 pingtan de 2 (to fall 

flat) l^iS+l [xiaohua+] buhao 

xiao, wanquan shlbai 

flatten v JE"-# 3 ! 2 - ba...nong ping 
flatter v 1 gongwei, taohao 

2 [+J£A] shengguo [+zhenren] 

flattery n gongwei, fengcheng 

flatulence n [SM+J [weichang+] 

qi zhang de 

flaunt v xuanyao, kuayao 
flavor I n 1 [£KIR#£Kj+] VfcM. [blngqilin 
de+] weidao, wei 2 jxl 

p A [Dizhonghai de+] fengwei, ‘IWfJnl 
qfngdiao II v XA-jPA dui...jia wei 
flavoring n IJ^Apr tiaoweipin 
flaw n 5ifcP^ quexian, quedian 
flawed adj W^fcPia^J you quexian de, Ih 
ilcl^J cuowu de 

flawless adj meiyou quedian 

de, wuxia de, wanmei de 

flax n Ml# yama 
flea n tiaozao [m. wd K zhl] 
flea collar qu zao xiangquan 

flea market IBjniHf^ jiuhuo shichang 
fleck n bandian 

fled v See flee 

fledgling I adj iifA^ xlnsheng de 
II n ( (gang xue fei de) 

xiaoniao 



357 




flee 



ENGLISH -CHINESE 



flee (pt & pp fled) v taozou, iflf£ 
taodiao 

fleece I n yangmao, yangpf 
II v ft xiang [+yong- 

hu] gudduo shoufei, zhaqu 

fleet n Ml A jiandui, chuandui, 

( ) $l& (qi) chedui 
fleeting adj jiqi duanzan de 

flesh I n ft rdu 

one's own flesh and blood ^#ft 

qTngurou, ^A qTnren 
II v f$i"-'fcft shi...zhangrou 
to flesh out sbL.geng 

shengdong, shT...geng fengfu 
fleshy adj ftf£#J rout! de, ftM^J rouyu 
de 

flew v See fly 1 

flex v *\k'M ( IJlft ) shoujin (jTrou) 
to flex one's muscle MtjvJcA zhanshi 
shili 

flexibility n Ifnghuoxing 

flexible adj 1 [+£#] Ifnghuo de 

[+anpai], you tanxing de 2 IS 

yi wanqu de,